Revised 1/8/01




Clinton permitted the sale of satellite and missile technology to China. China provided nuclear assistance to Pakistan and Iran. That prompted India to boost its nuclear weapons program. And today Pakistan is once again upping the ante. "China has had a major hand in what happened today," said R. James Woolsey, former CIA director. Transfers: nuclear weapons design information, ring magnets, M-11 short-range missiles and equipment used in setting up a missile production facility, expertise, industrial furnace and high-tech diagnostic equipment with military applications. India has said that its nuclear tests were conducted in response to threats posed by China. China stepped up military cooperation with Pakistan in 1995 in retaliation for the United States' allowing Taiwan's president, Lee Teng-hui, to visit Cornell University.

Lanny Davis, Clinton's chief spokesman during the campaign finance investigations is now serving as a foreign agent for Pakistan, representing the Islamabad government at a time when White House officials are making key decisions on how to address the threat of a nuclear arms buildup between Pakistan and India. As of June 16th, 1998 he had not registered with the Justice Department as a foreign agent.

1/21/93 President's instructions to staff requires all senior appointees to pledge they will refrain from:."Lobbying during the five years after they leave government any agency where they have served or which they have had any responsibility for as a member of the White House staff; . Engaging in any activity on behalf of any foreign government at any time after they leave government service;.Representing any foreign government or foreign corporation in any way within five years of being involved in a trade negotiation on behalf of the U.S. government" v Lanny Davis/Pakistan Mark Middleton/Asian business interests, and Webster Hubbell/Lippo

Congressional Record 8/7/98 Rep Rohrabacher ".I disclosed information that indicated that American aerospace firms, with the acquiescence of officials in the Clinton administration, and perhaps the President himself, had facilitated the transfer of sophisticated rocket technology to the Communist Chinese.First and foremost, since my first address, nothing has emerged that suggests that my original statements were inaccurate… The document is from a leadership document of the Communist Chinese themselves. It was released last week. This white paper details China's own goals. It calls the United States and its alliance with democratic countries in Asia as `the main threat to world peace and stability.'…China is also staking out its claim to all the territories in the South China Sea, including islands just off the coast of the Philippines, almost within view of the Philippines and Malaysia as well.. In this, China, while cozying up to this dictatorship, actually supporting the dictatorship in Burma, is building a chain of military naval installations in Burma along the Indian Ocean that, in part, have lead India, have lead India to become more aggressive in developing its own conventional and nuclear weapons policies. While China was assuring the world that it was against this nuclear arms race, and we have seen that in Pakistan and in India and what a threat it is, but while China says it is against that arms race, what has it done? It continues to ship and to smuggle components to Pakistan for their nuclear weapons program and their missile delivery systems. This is really, perhaps, the thing that China is doing that perhaps causes a short-term threat, even greater than the long-term threat of their own missiles. If Pakistan and India began exchanging rockets and atomic bombs, millions of people will die, and it will be a tragedy beyond all description. China is helping people put these weapon systems together…..."




On June 4, 1998 - the Nihon Keizai Shimbun - a financial daily - reported that North Korea may have at least one nuclear bomb. The daily also quoted a report saying that the nuclear tests by India and Pakistan might tempt North Korea to resume its nuclear program. Pakistan and North Korea have close ties. China and Pakistan have close ties.

The U.S. Customs Service has opened an investigation into the sale of super computer upgrades to India by IBM, in violation of US export laws. U.S. law requires an American company to obtain an export license before selling and shipping overseas any computer that performs more than 2 billion operations per second. The computer that was sold operated at 1.4 billion operations per second when installed in 1994. The Clinton Commerce Department oddly granted a license for the sale of the sensitive computer, despite knowledge the buyer was a missile site. IBM then upgraded it in March 1997 to perform 3.2 billion operations per second and again in June 1997 to 5.8 billion, making it possibly the most powerful computer in India.

Former UN Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick noted that the danger of nuclear war is "greater now than any time since Hiroshima.." and that President Clinton takes a "see no evil, speak no evil, hear no evil" attitude toward nuclear proliferation.

According to a Pakistan news source, the nuclear blast has "created new and interesting opportunities for the country to embark upon a major foreign policy initiative in the Middle East and particularly among the Gulf states. The growing Indo-Israeli relations can go a long way in making through to the circles concerned the real Indian designs in this region..It could mean Pakistan exports to the region rising and could also mean more Pakistani manpower in the region."

A recently retired CIA top intelligence officer, Gordon Oehler told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in June 1998 that the CIA was ``virtually certain'' that China transferred 34 intermediate-range missiles to Pakistan from 1992 to 1996, and that China also assisted Pakistan in developing its nuclear weapons. He said that although China promised reforms, it was still "a major proliferator." He further identified the National Security Council for dismissing the CIA evidence as preliminary or incomplete to avoid triggering sanctions. He also said the CIA was pleased with the 1996 decision to move U.S. satellite decisions to Commerce since the CIA then had a chance to review the licenses.

The June 15th, 1998 article from Economic Times (India) reveals a clear sense of betrayal: "THOSE gullible people who ask what is the threat from China should now wake up after President Clinton's statement: ``Because of its history with both countries, China must be a part of any ultimate resolution of this matter''. This was with reference to India and Pakistan resolving their differences, including Kashmir, through dialogue. In other words, President Clinton was clearly signalling that from now onwards South Asia will, in the US view, be the Chinese sphere of influence and China will be the hegemonistic power of this part of the world as the US is over Latin America and Europe. This is the first time the US President has come out openly to advance China's hegemonic interests. In fact, the Indian nuclear tests were meant to block that contingency."

North Korea publicly revealed for the first time on Tuesday that it was selling missiles and demanded that the United States pay compensation if it wanted the arms exports to stop. Defense analysts said Pakistan, Iran, Iraq and Syria are among countries which have received the missiles.

Maheshwar Singh Deo and his associates were arrested June 14 1998 for uranium smuggling at Salanpur and Raghunathpur in West Bengal in a deal trading heroin for uranium, a component of a nuclear bomb. The uranium seized was in a satchel stamped with the Ashoka Pillar and the official stamp of the Jaduguda Mines and embossed on it was the word 'isoltope-238'.

Continuing to express a feeling of betrayal, India's defense minister said 6/18/98 that President Clinton should explain why the United States believes that it can "trust China with nuclear weapons" while imposing economic sanctions on India for seeking a nuclear de

The Heritage Foundation 6/19/98: China has provided Islamabad with ``highly enriched uranium, ring magnets necessary for processing the uranium and education for nuclear engineers. Pakistan's nuclear bomb is widely believed to be based on Chinese blueprints.'' In 1990 and 1992, China provided Pakistan with nuclear-capable M-11 missiles'' and also the technology for Islamabad ``to build a missile that could strike targets within a 360-mile (576-km) range.'' The memo clearly noted that ``China's deep involvement with Pakistan's nuclear programme contributed to the new Indian government's decision to test nuclear weapons last month.''

The U.S. Commerce Department approved exports of American nuclear technology (from high speed computers to radiation warning badges) to India over the last few years despite Pentagon objections (September 14, 1995): "The provision of such technology serves to undercut international and U.S. counter-proliferation policies.''

India plans, with help from Russia, to build its first nuclear powered submarine by 2004 and arm it with Sagarika nuclear warhead missiles - estimated by 2005

On 6/27/98 - in a prompt, strongly-worded reaction, India rejected the US-China joint statement on South Asia, saying the approach was reflective of "hegemonistic mentality" of a bygone era in international relations that was completely unacceptable and out of place in the present day world.

Iftikhar Chaudhry Khan, 29, a Pakistani nuclear scientist fled to the US because he felt his country was considering a first nuclear strike against India. Four associates also concerned are believed to be in England. Pakastani Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khab said that this man is an impostor. A person of that name worked for the Pakistan Atomic Energy Agency (PAEC) in 1980 - but this man is 29. He also said the other 4 were impostors.

7/6/98 Charles R. Smith softwar "Last month U.S. intelligence sources revealed that a Chinese freighter, bound for Pakistan, contained a load of anti-tank missiles. However, recent information published in the Pakistan Observer on June 23, 1998 asserts that China also transferred a large number of depleted uranium tank shells designed for the Pakistani armored forces. .The new systems were supplied by a Chinese arms company, NORINCO, which is owned by the Chinese army General staff. NORINCO has it's headquarters in Islamabad. NORINCO is one of several companies owned by the PLA. One of NORINCO's brother companies, Poly Technologies, had it's CEO, Wang Jun, in the White House along with Charlie Trie. President Clinton had his picture taken with Jun. Trie made a large donation which was later returned by the DNC as tainted. A U.S. Poly Technologies facility was later raided on the west coast by the BATF. The raid netted 2,000 automatic AK-47 rifles.."

China Today 7/10/98 "China urged India on Thursday to halt its nuclear weapons program and sign two major global nuclear weapons control pacts. ."The most urgent task for India is to immediately abandon its nuclear program and sign the CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) and the NPT (Non-Proliferation Treaty) unconditionally and as soon as possible," Foreign Ministry spokesman Tang Guoqiang told a news conference..Tang was responding to a reporter's question regarding a report that India had offered to sign a nuclear weapons no-first-use pact with China. .."

DAWN 7/10/98 Pakistan "US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said on Thursday that it was not right to blame China for Pakistan's nuclear programme as it stemmed from the dispute with India over Kashmir and from India's nuclear programme. She told the senate's finance committee that China had played a significant and helpful role in trying to move India and Pakistan back from the brink of a nuclear arms race.

The Hindu 7/8/98 "The United States has given Chinese companies the green light to sell missile technology to countries like Pakistan and Iran, Mr. Gary Milhollin, a nuclear expert, has testified before a U.S. parliamentary committee.Officials here said the American nuclear expert's testimony confirmed India's concerns of Washington pursuing a policy of duplicity on the issue of nuclear non-proliferation.."

London Telegraph 7/11/98 Hugo Gurdon "The economic sanctions imposed on India and Pakistan to punish them for their nuclear weapons tests collapsed yesterday after the US Senate voted to resume farm exports. Only two months after President Clinton expressed "grave displeasure" over the 11 underground tests, he has backed legislation ending restrictions on the bulk of American trade with the two states. At the same time, the World Bank has resumed aid to India, with his blessing. The about-turn has taken place even faster than predicted by sceptics, who said a mild slap on the wrist was the worst that India and Pakistan need fear."

Hindustan Times 7/13/98 "The United States Senate's legislation exempting the US farm credit programmes from the purview of the economic sanctions against India and Pakistan is more aimed at bailing out the crisis-ridden Pakistan economy and taking care of the immediate interests of the US farm lobby rather than giving any real benefit to India..The fact that as high a member of the government as the US Commerce Secretary himself is talking against mandatory sanctions speaks eloquently of the acute embarrassment being faced by the Clinton Administration on this issue."

7/13/98 Hindustan Times/Indian Express "Palestinian president Yasser Arafat today supported Pakistan's nuclear-tests saying if Israel possesses nuclear weapons then why Pakistan cannot have the nuclear capability. Addressing mediapersons at Islamabad airport during his brief stopover before leaving for Beijing, Arafat said Arab and Muslim countries backed Pakistan for its nuclear tests. There was a very positive and strong reaction from the Muslim world to Pakistan's nuclear tests, he added.." 7/13/98 "The Clinton administration asked Congress on Monday for authority to waive the economic sanctions just imposed on India and Pakistan, saying it would give the United States more leverage in slowing the arms race in South Asia. "Our purpose is not to punish for punishment's sake, but to influence the behavior of both governments," Karl F. Inderfurth, assistant secretary of state for South Asian affairs, told a Senate hearing.."

7/16/98 Far East Economic Review Ahmed Rashid ".On June 24, Deputy Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers received an urgent call from a senior IMF official whose message was simple but stark: Pakistan was likely to default on its foreign debt before the end of July. If the U.S. was interested in organizing a bailout for Islamabad, it had better move fast. ."

7/17/98 Hindustan Times (from N. C. Menon) "State Department spokesman James Rubin yesterday confirmed that India's Atomic Energy Commission Chairman Dr Chidambaram had applied on June 29 for a visa to attend a scientific conference in Atlanta, and his passport and application fee had been returned to him on July 9 on the ground that current visa procedures were under review as a result of the May nuclear tests by India and Pakistan. "This isn't technically a refusal," Rubin insisted. "We told them it was under review. He hasn't persisted in his effort," he added."

WorldNetDaily Charles Smith 8/4/98 "New documents from the files of Ron Brown reveal that secure satellite communications systems, super-computers and even turbine engines for the most advanced U.S. ARMY helicopters were sold to India. The documents provide detailed information on advanced U.S.military technology sold during the 1994 Brown trade mission to India. The newly released information was obtained from the U.S. Commerce Department using the Freedom of Information Act. The January 1995 Commerce Dept. document, titled "OGC (Office of the General Counsel) Summary of India Trade Mission Deliverables" provides information on advanced technology sales to India. In 1994, the U.S. Commerce Department authorized Allied Signal -- Allison Engine Company -- to sell T800 Comanche turbine engines to Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) for a mere $35 million dollars. The turbine engines were slated for India's Advanced Light Helicopter. The U.S. Army did not get the T800 until two years AFTER the engine was exported to India. .. Furthermore, advanced U.S. telecommunications helped India conceal the 1998 A-bomb tests from the prying eyes of U.S. intelligence.. In 1998, however, India successfully used advanced satellite communications purchased through the Brown Commerce Department with encryption security to mask their A-bomb activity. CIA officials were blocked from listening in on Indian A-bomb peparations and were caught unaware by the blasts. . "

Electronic Telegraph 8/9/98 Julian West "SHELLING along the 450-mile Line of Control dividing Indian and Pakistani Kashmir has increased fears that the region is heading for all-out war. Given that both India and Pakistan have recently tested nuclear devices, the conflict could be catastrophic. Two of India and Pakistan's three wars have been fought over Kashmir. The present border bombardment, which locals describe as heavier than that during the entire 1948 and 1965 wars put together, has seen an estimated 50,000 rounds of ammunition expended so far, and heavy artillery used for the first time.."

Deccan Herald (Press Trust of India) 9/8/98 "In an acknowledgment of India`s security concerns, a US government-owned defence institute has said Washington failed to stop technology and weapons of mass destruction-related traffic between China and Pakistan, an issue repeatedly conveyed to Clinton administration by New Delhi. These were some of the strongest arguments India had advanced for its need to carry out nuclear explosions, but the Clinton administration did not accept them, the in- house think tank on defence issues, the national defence university`s institute for national strategic studies said in its ''strategic assessment 1998.`` .."

AP K.N. Arun "In exchange for signing a nuclear test ban treaty, India wants the nuclear energy technology that it has been denied because the material also has military uses, the prime minister said today. Atal Bihari Vajpayee's comments to reporters confirmed speculation that ongoing talks about the treaty with U.S. officials involve opening the flow of nuclear technology to India."

Indian Express Press Trust of India 10/2/98 "China has transferred M-11 missiles to Pakistan and poses a threat to the United States as a significant proliferator of weapons of mass destruction, according to a high-powered U.S. Congressional commission. The commission, in its report, notes that China has supplied Pakistan with "a design for a nuclear weapon and additional nuclear weapons assistance. It has even transferred complete ballistic missile systems to Pakistan (the 350-km range M-11) and Saudi Arabia (the 3,100-km range CSS-2)." Stating that "China poses a threat to the U.S. as a significant proliferator of ballistic missiles, weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and enabling technologies," the commission headed by former defence secretary Donald Rumsfeld and including America's top missile and intelligence experts, said the ballistic missiles armed with wmd payloads "pose a strategic threat to the U.S." PTI report.."

StratFor Intelligence Briefing 10/13/98 "At a news conference in Delhi on October 10, the leader of the regional All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Khazagham (AIADMK), Jayaram Jayalalitha, warned that some 200 Afghan-trained supporters of Osama Bin Laden were "roaming" in Tamil Nadu and other southern Indian states. Jayalalitha claimed that Bin Laden's agents might have been responsible for bombings in the city of Coimbatore on the eve of parliamentary elections, earlier this year. She said that suspicions that Bin Laden may be active in India were reinforced following the recent arrest and interrogation of a Moslem terrorist in Hyderabad. The prisoner reportedly confessed that he had received six months' training in Afghanistan, and that Bin Laden himself had been in Hyderabad recently. ...As such, Moslem militants trained by the Taleban and, allegedly, by Bin Laden have begun to appear in the disputed Kashmir and in China's Xinjiang region. As Bin Laden begins to recover, not from the U.S. missile attacks, but from the damage done to his operations by the capture and interrogation of several of his associates, the question is, where will he strike next? His operational foray into India, with Pakistani blessings, provides not only a new set of targets but also a new jumping-off point for actions in Asia and beyond..To begin with, while it has been partially exposed, Bin Laden already has a network in Southeast Asia. He has followers in Malaysia, where he also banks a portion of his money, and in the Philippines, where he finances the Abu Sayyaf terrorist organization and other Moslem militant groups both directly and through Islamic charitable associations. "

The Hindu 11/8/98 Amit Baruah ".The U.S. President, Mr. Bill Clinton, today wrote a letter to the Pakistani Prime Minister, Mr. Nawaz Sharif, informing him of the American decision to lift some sanctions against Islamabad. In his letter, Mr. Clinton stated that he intends to ``lift restrictions on private U.S. bank lending and to authorise the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Trade and Development Agency to resume financial and commercial activities in Pakistan''. A Pakistani release said the U.S. would also exercise its influence with international financial institutions to meet Pakistan's economic difficulties. ``The United States will also work with the international community to permit lending from the multilateral development banks to support an emergency agreement negotiated between Pakistan and the International Monetary Fund.'' ."

Newsday 11/12/98 Charles Hutzler AP ".Washington suspects China may have transferred missile technology to Iran and Pakistan despite Chinese pledges to strengthen missile export controls, a U.S. official said today. U.S. concerns about possible transfers were aired during a day and a half of meetings between senior Chinese and American arms-control negotiators, the official said, speaking on condition of anonymity. Undersecretary of State John Holum, who led the U.S. team, said he and Chinese Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan and senior military commander Gen. Zhang Wannian also discussed North Korea's threatening launch of a rocket over Japan in late August. Suspicions of Chinese nuclear and missile proliferation have been a constant irritant in U.S.-China relations. The potential dangers crystallized this spring with South Asia's nuclear arms race. Within two months, Pakistan, China's staunch ally, tested a ballistic missile and exploded a nuclear bomb.Washington also determined that Pakistan received North Korean, not Chinese, help in developing the Ghauri missile launched in April, he said.."

The Hindu 11/14/98 ".In a punitive move, the Clinton administration has publicly identified almost all of India's nuclear installations, defence research institutions and some private companies with a view to denying them right to import goods from the United States, expecting a crippling effect on their activities. The list, which has been under preparation for the last five months and released here yesterday, covers every single major Indian entity even remotely linked to defence or military related functions. A similar action has been taken against about 100 Pakistani Government and private companies. They include Kahuta's Khan Research Laboratories; Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission; Centre for Nuclear Studies, Islamabad; Chasma Nuclear Power Plant and Khushab Reactor. The action was in pursuance of the Glenn Amendment, an American law, under which the administration had slapped economic sanctions on India and Pakistan in protest against their nuclear tests in May.."

Washington Post 12/14/98 Gary Milhollin ".The Department of Energy has issued a new warning about the nuclear weapon efforts of China, India and Pakistan. In June, the department found that for these countries to improve their bomb designs, they will need supercomputers able to perform about 4 billion operations per second. Computers in this range, unfortunately, are the ones that the Clinton administration decided to free for export to these countries in 1996. The Energy Department concluded that access to supercomputers "would have the greatest potential impact on the Chinese nuclear program." The result has been what you would expect. China has imported more than 100 U.S. supercomputers since 1996, many of which have gone to nuclear and military sites. The Chinese Academy of Sciences, which helps develop China's nuclear weapons and long-range missiles, got a machine from Silicon Graphics that performs about 6 billion operations per second. It is now the most powerful parallel processing computer in China. India also has imported DEC and IBM supercomputers for the Indian Institute of Science, a leading missile research site. None of this should be happening. The General Accounting Office concluded in September that the administration had no basis for decontrolling supercomputers in 1996. The GAO found that the decision to decontrol was based on a faulty study in 1995 that "lacked empirical evidence or analysis" and failed to "assess the capabilities of countries . . . to use high-performance computers for military and other national security applications." .."

FoxNews AP 1/20/99 ".U.S. counter-terrorism experts have arrived in India to assess what police say was a plot by Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden to bomb the U.S. Embassy and two consular offices, an embassy spokeswoman said today..Police have arrested four people, including a Bangladeshi man accused of working for Pakistan's intelligence agency, according to newspaper reports in New Delhi.."

Global Intelligence Update 1/20/99 ".New Delhi police announced on January 20, 1999 that they had arrested Sayed Abu Nasir, a Bangladeshi citizen reportedly linked to Osama Bin Laden. According to a police spokesman, Nasir was part of a seven-man team that planned to attack the U.S. embassy in New Delhi, as well as consulates in Calcutta and Madras. The other members of Nasir's team, believed to be from Myanmar, Egypt, and Sudan, have yet to be apprehended... The presence of Bin Laden's network in India is not a new development; we first reported the possibility of an attack against U.S. facilities in India last October ( The report of Nasir's arrest comes on the heels of a reported violation of Pakistani airspace by U.S. aircraft. On January 18 the Pakistani newspaper "Jang" published an account of U.S. Navy P-3 Orion aircraft flying over Pakistani territory. According to Jang, the aircraft were detected over Pakistan on January 14 and 15 by Pakistani civil aviation authorities.."

According the 6/98 reports from Ken Bacon at the Pentagon, North Korea's No Dong missile is operational and has a range of about 1,000 kilometers. Pakistan and the DPRK had ballistic missile contracts, engineers and advisors from both countries worked on Iranian missile programs.

To a joint hearing on National Security and International Relations, John D. Holum, acting undersecretary of state for arms control, called U.S. space commerce with China a "carrot" to encourage its leaders to slow or halt their sales of missiles to nations such as Iran and Pakistan. In a 1997 memo by Holum, "There's been no evidence to date that this [trade] policy is having any effect.. Carrots have gotten us nothing." Holum addressed the difference in his position by pointing out that in 1997 he was head of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency but now he is also is an undersecretary of state.

China (MFN) v Sales of chemicals to process Plutonium to Pakistan

8/16/98 AP "Maintaining an unusually high level of alert, the State Department on Sunday issued an updated "worldwide caution'' to U.S. travelers because of the recent bombings of U.S. embassies in East Africa and threats to U.S. interests abroad. An accompanying statement specifically warned "against all travel to Pakistan'' and announced that it has ordered the departure of all non-emergency personnel and families of employees from the embassy at Islamabad. It also ordered U.S. personnel in those categories out of consulates in Karachi, Lahore and Peshawar.."

The Nation Lahore, Pakistan 8/22/98 "US missile strikes on alleged terrorist targets in eastern Afghanistan killed 26 people and injured around 40, Afghan sources and hospital officials in Pakistan said Friday. So far 21 bodies had been recovered but the final toll may go up, a Taliban spokesman told the Afghan Islamic Press (AIP). He said more than 30 people were injured in the missile strikes in Khost, around 120 kilometers south of Kabul. Hospital sources in the nearby Pakistani town of Miran Shah said another five people, all of them Pakistani nationals, were also killed and eight were seriously injured and were in hospital.."

Hindustan Times 8/22/98 "American Tomahawk missiles targeted terrorist bases in Afghanistan run by Pakistanis who were sending militant youth to fight "anti-Muslim forces" from Bosnia to Kashmir, according to privileged sources. Senior intelligence officials in their preliminary report to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif reported that the US missiles, though targeting the Harkat-ul Jihad Islami camp of Osama bin Laden, also hit Jamait-ul Mujahideen and Harkat ul-Ansar camps, both run by Pakistani nationals, almost 21 kms away from Osama's exclusively Arab camp in Khost."

Reuters 8/24/98 "A U.S. cruise missile fired at guerrilla camps in Afghanistan has been found unexploded in southwest Pakistan and a bomb disposal team has been sent to the site, officials in Baluchistan province said on Monday. The missile was found by local people in Shatinger Baluch Abad, in the Kharan district around 250 km (155 miles) southwest of Quetta.."

Hindustan Times 8/26/98 "In a significant development, Pakistan has confirmed that the US deputy chief of joint staff visited Islamabad on the night of the US missile attacks on Afghanistan and hinted at the impending action, and that the matter was brought to the notice of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif immediately. The Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) said Gen. Joseph Ralston had stopped over at Islamabad from 0730 hrs to 1030 hrs (local time) on Aug. 20 and was received at the airport by army chief and chairman of joint chiefs of staff committee Gen. Jehangir Karamat. The same night around 1030 hrs the US launched Cruise attacks on suspected terrorist camps run by Saudi exile Osama Bin Laden inside Afghanistan leading to widespread protests in Pakistan and the government was blamed of being in the know of the attack. The Sharif Government had, however, vehemently denied this charge.."

Uri Dan New York Post 8/23/98 "TERROR boss Osama bin Laden escaped the U.S. missile attack because double-dealing Pakistanis warned him to flee just days earlier, sources said. The Muslim extremist chieftain received a clear signal that he was a target for kidnap by U.S. Special Forces - rather than the missile attack - just days before the U.S. took action Thursday, according to reports from Islamabad.."

8/28/98 Times of India "Pakistan could face a coup led by Islamic extremists in the military, inspired by anti-US street protests, former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto said. ``Anything could happen and I fear whether the army can maintain its unity in the present situation,'' she said in an interview this week.

Hong Kong Standard 9/3/98 "The Saudi Arabian government is secretly funding the Afghan Taleban militia, according to a report. The Independent newspaper quoted an ex-senior Pakistani official as saying: ``The US provided the weapons and the know-how, the Saudis provided the funds and we provided the training camps . . . for the Islamic legions in the early 1980s and then for the Taleban.'' .Had US intelligence operatives ``had a deeper understanding of the religious situation in Saudi Arabia'', says Obaid, they might have been able to prevent the 1996 bombing at Dharan."

Stratfor 10/20/98 "The endemic violence in Pakistan between Sunni and Shiite Moslems accelerated last month with the killings of several leaders of the Sunni organization, Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP). Throughout October, the tit-for-tat killings continued, culminating on October 17 with the assassinations of Hakeem Mohammad Saeed, a former governor of the southern Sindh Provinces, and Maulana Mohammad Abdullah, the chief prayer leader of the main Sunni mosque in Islamabad. These killings, as well as recent military and political events, are the result of a rapidly accelerating slide by Pakistan towards a fundamentalist Taleban-like state. The long-running conflict between the majority Sunni and minority Shiite Moslems in Pakistan is an ongoing source of concern in the country. But this conflict has been exacerbated by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's embrace of activist, fundamentalist Sunni leaders, as his regime has come under fire for weak leadership and alleged corruption and mismanagement. Accusations that Sharif was incapable of maintaining internal stability led him in early October to force the resignation of the head of the military along with several other generals. Although the change in command put generals sympathetic with Sharif in charge of the military, the ousted generals maintain ties within the military and are unlikely to settle into quiet retirement. Shortly after the military shakeup, Sharif succeeded in pushing through a new constitutional amendment making the Islamic Sharia the supreme law of the land. Sharif's reliance on radical Sunni elements and his consent to formally adopt the Sharia, as defined by those elements, has raised the concerns of many that Pakistan will soon be enforcing Islamic law in the same way as the Taleban do.."

Global Intelligence Update 12/15/98 summary by Freeper Brian Mosely ".The pro-Islamic Pakistani newspaper "Khabrain" reported on December 12 that "teams of American commandos returned from Afghanistan to the U.S. after their futile two-week operation to arrest the mujahid of the Muslim nation, Osama Bin Laden." The newspaper went on to say that these teams were sent to Afghanistan through Pakistan and that the operation was carried out with information obtained from recently arrested associates of Bin Laden. The newspaper also cited alleged CIA reports that Bin Laden goes to Kandahar or Jalalabad for Friday prayers and also resides part of the time in Zail, Kandoza and Khost. However, he had reportedly changed his routine following the arrests of some of his closest aides."

The Hindustan Times 12/28/98 AP-Karachi ".Pakistani authorities today stopped former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto from going to Dubai, saying she cannot travel abroad because of ongoing corruption cases against her. "They (authorities) showed me a written order that I can't go abroad because there are (corruption) cases against me," Mrs Bhutto told reporters at the Karachi airport as she wiped her tears with tissue paper. Mrs Bhutto was going to Dubai to celebrate new year with her three children who are studying there.."

America's Future 7/20/98 F.R. Duplantier "."China's nuclear and missile aid to Pakistan has ratcheted up tensions across the subcontinent, sparked a dangerous arms race, and increased the prospects of a nuclear war." "Since the 1970s, China has been instrumental in Pakistan's nuclear and missile programs," observe Richard Fisher and John Dori of the Heritage Foundation."A dangerously destabilizing arms race is developing among India, Pakistan, and China," they warn. "China's deep involvement with Pakistan's nuclear program contributed to the new Indian government's decision to test nuclear weapons.".The President who made that dire development possible, of course, is the same President who prevents implementation of a U.S. missile defense system. What possible motivation could Bill Clinton have for transferring to our most dangerous potential enemy the technology necessary to improve the accuracy of missiles targeted against us? What possible motivation could he have for deliberately leaving our nation defenseless against missile attack? Can sheer ineptitude excuse either of these suicidal missteps, considered separately? Taken together -- the upgrading of China's missile capability, the commitment to U.S. vulnerability -- do they not suggest something far more sinister than imbecility? Clinton in his reckless cleverness may think that he's in the clear, so long as treason cannot be proven. But the only other explanation for his actions is an incompetence so colossal that it might as well be treason. Either way, he cannot continue as President."

Mark Hosenball Newsweek 8/3/98 "Michael Armstrong had a $240 million problem. In 1993, the chairman of Hughes Corp.--the giant aerospace company--was putting together lucrative deals with Beijing to launch two of his company's U.S.-made communications satellites atop Chinese rockets. But when American intelligence agencies caught China sneaking missile technology to Pakistan that year, a violation of international antinuclear agreements, the administration clamped down. The State Department announced all satellite exports to China would be banned for two years. Just six months later, however, the Hughes deals with China were back on track--with the administration's blessing.

7/28/98 FR Duplantier ""U.S. military intelligence discovered in 1993 that China had sold missile technology to Pakistan," reports Phyllis Schlafly of Eagle Forum. "Because of bipartisan Congressional demands, President Clinton barred the U.S. space industry from using Chinese rockets to launch their satellites." That ban appears to have been the basis for a fiendish fundraising effort.Schlafly identifies the prescribed penalty for a President's reckless disregard of national security. "The fact that Clinton personally issued the waivers to allow shipments of U.S. technology that greatly improved the accuracy and reliability of Communist China's missiles is grounds for impeachment," she asserts, "regardless of whether or not there was any quid pro quo for those decisions. U.S. space technology was just what China needs to make intercontinental ballistic missiles and point them more accurately at U.S. cities," Schlafly emphasizes. "And he did it despite the objections of the U.S. State Department, Defense Department, Justice Department, and intelligence agencies." ."

Washington Weekly 1/24/99 Ricki Magnussen Marvin Lee ".QUESTION: Now the Cox Committee report... TIMPERLAKE: .. And it's no surprise that there seems to be now a move to show that all administrations, dating God knows how far back, did much of the same thing. I will disagree with that completely, because our investigation shows that money changed hands directly in the Clinton White House. And we never heard any of those accusations (under Reagan and Bush). There weren't even accusations made. They may have had bad policies in the other administrations that we disagreed with, but no one ever accused them for doing it for graft reasons that they accuse the President of the United States and his team of. That's the difference. Bill and I believe that, because we have seen that it's an order of magnitude greater. By that I mean a lot of the fixes and upgrades in strategic systems and the selling of satellite technology and the upgrades in the missile ranges have been pretty dramatic in this president's time in office. The failure to invoke and kind of sanctions for The People's Republic of China, who are trading weapons to rogue nations, that is very telling and very bad for the men and women in uniform who may have to fight against those weapons some day. You know, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Libya--the People's Republic of China has dealings with them. They also have dealings in south Asia. And we now have a major nuclear arms and missile race down there between India and Pakistan. That is a great concern. The world is a far more dangerous place now thanks to the President of the United States. Directly. I'm very blunt in saying that..."

Chinese President Jiang Zemin ". is tying more guarantees of non-proliferation regarding Pakistan and the Islamic world to Washington cutting down weapons sales to Taiwan . Jiang knows this is a potent card as China has more leverage in this part of the world than the US." Leaders including Mr Jiang and Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan have asked Mr Clinton to spell out formally Washington's opposition to Taiwan independence and to agree to curtail arms sales to Taipei.

7/27/98 AP Charles Hutzler " In its first public defense policy review in three years, China renewed a threat today to retake Taiwan by force, criticized nuclear tests by India and Pakistan and hinted that the United States is a potential menace to the country's security."

8/14/98 Fred Weir Hindustan Times "Russia may use its air force to bomb Taliban positions in northern Afghanistan in order to offset Pakistani military aid to the advancing Islamic militants, a senior Russian Parliamentarian says. "We cannot rule out any preventive measures against the Taliban, including air strikes on their bases located along our borders, "the official ITAR-Tass agency quoted parliamentary Security Committee chairman Viktor Ilyukbin as saying Thursday night."

November 1994 APEC Conference in Jakarta: Hosted by President Suharto, included Pauline Kanchanalak, Charlie Trie, Gene and Nora Lum (all related to Moctar Riady, Indonesian billionaire.) Per Charles Smith Softwar: ". The number one priority for Ron Brown was the sale of U.S. weapons such as F-16 Fighting Falcon jet fighters to Indonesia. The Commerce Department documentation states "F-16 Fighter Aircraft Program ... Sale of 11 (ex-Pakistani) aircraft completed. Indonesia may purchase the remaining 17 Pakistani aircraft". Brown convinced the Indonesian defense ministry to purchase U.S. built F-16 Fighting Falcons which were originally sold to Pakistan in 1992. The Falcon sale to Pakistan was canceled during the last days of the Bush administration because Pakistan had openly purchased nuclear weapons technology from China. The Chinese nuclear technology forced an embargo of U.S. arms sales to Pakistan, including the previously ordered F-16s.Ron Brown was directly involved in arms transfers to Asia. The documents show that big buck foreign donors with a vested interest in buying U.S. weapons were also involved. At APEC 1994 the international arms trade was business-as-usual. The tasking of U.S. Commerce officials to push a massive arms build up in Asia says volumes about the Clinton administration. Ron Brown wasn't just secretary of Commerce -- he was secretary of war."

NY Times David Sanger 8/17/98 "U.S. Intelligence agencies have detected a huge secret underground complex in North Korea that they believe is the centerpiece of an effort to revive the country's frozen nuclear weapons program, according to officials who have been briefed on the intelligence information. The finding has alarmed officials at the White House and the Pentagon, who fear that the complex may represent an effort to break out of a 4-year-old agreement in which North Korea pledged to give up its nuclear weapons program in exchange for billions of dollars in Western aid. The finding also follows a string of provocations by the North, including missile sales to Pakistan and the incursion of a small North Korean submarine carrying nine commandos off the South Korean coast this year.."

Washington Times Bill Gertz 9/14/98 "North Korea delivered several shipments of weapons material to Pakistan this summer, including warhead canisters for the new Ghauri medium-range missile, The Washington Times has learned. Pakistan's premier nuclear weapons development center, Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) in Kahuta, received the shipments in mid-June, according to U.S. officials familiar with secret intelligence reports circulated to senior Clinton administration officials last month. The reports highlight the close cooperation between North Korea and Pakistan on missiles and raise new worries among U.S. officials that Pakistan is developing nuclear warheads for the Ghauri missile. Other reports indicate Pakistan is moving ahead rapidly with plans to develop weapons-grade fuel for nuclear weapons from several facilities.The KRL facility is in charge of the Ghauri missile program, which conducted the first flight test of the 900-mile-range missile April 6. Two weeks later, the State Department quietly announced it was imposing sanctions on KRL and a North Korean missile manufacturer for violating U.S. export laws related to the Missile Technology Control Regime, an international export control accord.Former CIA Nonproliferation Center chief Gordon Oehler told a Senate hearing June 11 that Pakistan since 1992 has shifted from buying missile systems to producing its own. Mr. Oehler testified that the Clinton administration covered up evidence indicating China had sold M-11 short-range missiles to Pakistan to avoid having to impose sanctions under U.S. export laws. State Department and Pentagon spokesmen denied at the time that any M-11s were in Pakistan, noting that the U.S. government had not determined yet whether the missiles were present."

AP David Briscoe 11/23/98 ".A Pentagon review of the U.S. military commitment in Asia says 100,000 troops must remain in the region to meet any crisis. Much has changed in the region since the last review of U.S.-Asian defense policy in 1995, including the deterioration of Asian economies, growing concern over North Korea's nuclear weapons potential and nuclear tests by India and Pakistan."

New York Times 5/29/98 "…To the rest of the world, Pakistan's decision to set off nuclear tests looks like an unfortunate but inevitable reaction to India's nuclear tests earlier this month. "We had no choice left to us" was how Pakistan's Prime Minister, Nawiz Sharif, put it yesterday. But Pakistan did have a choice. India went ahead with its nuclear tests only after Pakistan changed the power equation on the subcontinent by launching its intermediate-range ballistic missile, the Ghauri, on April 6. At the time, Pakistani spokesmen said that with the development of the Ghauri -- brazenly named for the Afghan invader who established the first Muslim kingdom in north India in 1193 -- no Indian city was safe from a Pakistani attack. The creator of Pakistan's nuclear bomb, A. Q. Khan, proclaimed that Pakistan now had the ability to hit 26 Indiancities. Then, a few days later, Pakistan announced that it would soon test a longer-range missile, named the Ghaznavi for the first Afghan to invade western India in search of plunder at the end of the 10th century. The aggressive intent behind the naming of the missiles, and the harping on the ability to hit Indian cities, sent shivers of apprehension through India…..Indian policy makers were always skeptical of Chinese assertions that they were not selling equipment or technology to Pakistan for its nuclear and missile programs, and preferred instead to believe the host of American intelligence reports that confirmed this cooperation. What forced India to reassess China's intentions is that this cooperation seemed to increase after India and China signed an agreement resolving their border dispute in 1993. There was the sale of ring magnets for Pakistan's gas centrifuges in 1994, the sale of M-11 missiles in 1995, and the presence of Chinese scientists at the Pakistani nuclear research site in Kahuta. Moreover, the Indians believed that the intermediate-range Ghauri was not a product of North Korean technology, as widely reported, but of Chinese technology. Not only has North Korea flatly denied any such sales to Pakistan, but the modified Scud it developed in 1991 had a range much shorter than that of the Ghauri. Since the North Koreans test-fire all their missiles into the Sea of Japan, these tests cannot be kept secret….Lastly, Indian intelligence believed that Chinese scientists were helping Pakistan to make its nuclear weapons small enough to mount on a warhead…."

Washington Times 3/11/99 Bill Gertz "…North Korea is working on uranium enrichment techniques and will be able to produce fuel for nuclear weapons in six years or less, according to a U.S. intelligence report. The program involves a North Korean trading company that recently sought to buy enrichment technology from a Japanese manufacturer, and connections between North Korea and Pakistan, according to a Department of Energy intelligence report made available to The Washington Times. According to the report, the technology sought by Pyongyang is a clear sign that North Korea, known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), "is in the early stages of a uranium enrichment capability." "On the basis of Pakistan's progress with a similar technology, we estimate that the DPRK is at least six years from the production of [highly enriched uranium], even if it has a viable centrifuge design," the report said. "On the other hand, with significant technical support from other countries, such as Pakistan, the time frame would be decreased by several years." The report is a further sign the communist regime in Pyongyang has abandoned the freeze imposed on its nuclear weapons program by a 1994 agreement with the United States. Underground construction spotted by U.S. intelligence agencies last year at Kumchangni, North Korea, is believed to be a new facility for nuclear weapons production in violation of the agreement…Pakistan purchased uranium enrichment technology from China in 1996 when it bought 5,000 special ring magnets used as bearings in gas centrifuges. The sale violated China's international commitment not to sell weapons technology to non-nuclear weapons states. It was dismissed by the Clinton administration after an investigation determined senior Chinese leaders were unaware of the technology transfer…."

WorldNetDaily 3/25/99 Ahmar Mustikhan "...Pakistan is widely being suspected as the culprit behind the supplier of unexploded U.S. cruise missiles to China, as Beijing's ties with Washington marked its lowest ebb since Richard Nixon went on his ping-pong diplomacy with the "Yellow Giant."... One of the three unexploded missiles had landed at a place not very far from the Chagai hills, where Pakistan conducted its nuclear tests last May in a tat-for-tat to the Indian tests that very month. Interestingly, Chinese "technicians" had for nearly a decade been working at the gold-cum-copper project in a neighboring district named Saindak. Pakistan had retrieved at least two other unexploded cruise missiles from the strategic coastal Mekran district of Balochistan. Mekran is the backyard to the Strait of Hormuz, from where most of the Gulf oil is shipped to the West, including United States, and Japan. Islamabad experts also helped defuse an unspecified number of the missiles that landed on the Afghan territories. Analysts do not rule out the possibility that China may have helped Pakistan develop the world's first-ever "Islamic bomb" in the guise of technicians working on the Saindak copper-cum-gold project. What gives credence to this theory was the fact that a Belgian offer to develop the mines at a 40 percent lower rate was turned down by Islamabad in spite of its resource crunch in 1990......"

The Pioneer 4/3/99 K.P.S. Gill "... The tragedy that is being played out in Yugoslavia has critical lessons for India, especially when it is viewed, not in isolation and within the context of the hysteria that naturally attends a war, but in a perspective that accommodates the larger patterns of emerging geopolitics. The most obvious of these lessons regards the utter irrelevance of the United Nations in general, and of the Security Council in particular, once the US and its "allies" ("subject states" would be more accurate in at least some cases) -- who now unilaterally express the "will of the international community" -- have made up their mind on a particular course of action. It is, consequently, high time that India discarded its pitiful hankering for a permanent seat in the Security Council -- the position is quite worthless. A second and more important lesson arises out of the elaborate and relentless campaign that created the opportunity for NATO's intervention. There is now increasing evidence that claims of ethnic cleansing and genocide in Kosovo were grossly exaggerated, ignoring entirely the atrocities committed by the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), in a process of the demonisation of Serbs orchestrated through the Western media. This is not to say that Mr Slobodan Milosevic is free of sin, but only that there is another side to the picture, and it has been substantially suppressed. Indeed, so great is the distortion that when Mr Clinton chose to describe what was happening in Kosovo as "genocide", the United Nations saw fit to clarify that "there was not enough firm evidence" to term the events in the province a "genocide"...."

The Indian Express 4/13/99 "...The successful test firing of the upgraded Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM) Agni-II signifies that India is almost catching up on China in the longer and shorter range missile technology, according to western military experts here. Western military experts, who earlier used to proclaim that Indian missile programme would start an arms race in the south Asian region, for the first time have commented that, the full range of about 3,700 km of Agni-II indicated that Pakistan was not the target, but the missile represented a deterrent to Chinese missile programme in recent months, reports PTI. Experts said that recently China had declared two new missiles operational and that both could hit India from Chinese mainland. ''There is even a third programme underway with a mobile launched missile, which could fly all the way to United States,'' missile expert, Paul Beaver commented in 'The Scotsman' magazine. Beaver quoted 'the father of the Indian missile program,' Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalaam, secretary of the DRDO, confirming that the India government, ''has approved the long range Agni missile system for launch as well as deployment''..." 4/8/99 Akhtar Jamal "...Pakistan, in response to an informal request from the United States, has expressed its willingness to send troops to Kosovo as part of a multi-national peacekeeping force. A Pakistan government source, who requested anonymity, told CNS that President Bill Clinton has asked Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to "contribute to the Kosovo crisis"....."

AP 4/11/99 Freeper frankm "…India tested an upgraded version of its nuclear-capable intermediate-range missile Sunday, going against the advice of the United States, local news agencies reported. Information Minister Pramod Mahajan was quoted as saying that India had informed Pakistan before the launch, as it had agreed to do when the prime ministers of the two countries met in January…."

Inside China Today Reuters 4/9/99 "…The Beijing Military Academy has recommended China redeploy medium-and long-range missiles against India following New Delhi's nuclear tests last year, Indian newspapers said on Thursday. "One important recommendation, which China has put into action, is to redeploy medium- and long-range missiles against India to 'ensure nuclear balance in Chinese favor'," The Pioneer said in a front-page article. The Times of India, quoting defense sources in New Delhi, said the military academy paper recommended China seek Western sanctions against India, led by the United States, and seek to isolate India on the international stage. "The document says that China should penalize India for its alleged 'anti-China' stance and highlight 'India's hegemonistic designs'," it said…."


The Times Of India 4/15/99 Freeper lyonesse "...The fact that Islamabad has done it again would imply that Pakistan is not engaged in developmental testing (unlike India) but is firing with confidence, tested and proved missiles, the origin of which, according to US literature, is North Korea. So far as India is concerned, Pakistan's missiles are a factor in our security calculus. It does not, however, matter whether these were indigenously developed or obtained from abroad. That is a matter for self-appointed global policemen to worry about. India has long been reconciled to the failure of the Missile Technology Control Regime and to US connivance at missile proliferation by China and North Korea...."

The Hindustan Times 4/15/99Editorial Freeper lyonesse "...By using Pakistan against India, China keeps India not only confined to the subcontinent but can patronisingly talk, as it did in reaction to the Agni-2 test, about the need to avert an India-Pakistan arms race. Ever since the first Prithvi test in 1988, China has been quick to help Pakistan equalise Indian advances. For example, the transfers of M-11s to Islamabad began barely two years after the Prithvi test, but several years before India started serially producing that missile. The delivery of ready-made missiles was followed by Chinese aid in the domestic production of Hatf-2 and Hatf-3 - Pakistani names for the M-11s and M-9s. Now comes the Ghauri-2, exactly a year after the Ghauri-1 test. As intermediate-range ballistic missiles (IRBMs), the Ghauris can help Islamabad to strike deep into India, nullifying this country?s real military advantage over Pakistan - its strategic depth...."

Rediff 4/17/99 Seema Sirohi "....From India's perspective, the picture looked distorted, even skewed. No matter how much China violated international norms, proliferated nuclear technology or used its spies against the United States, it was the guest of honour at the party. As if to rub it in, Clinton, who granted China the status of "overseer" in South Asia during his visit to Beijing, publicly thanked Zhu for helping "curb" proliferation in South Asia. Zhu completed his summit meeting with Clinton without the agreement he most sought - US support for China's entry into the World Trade Organisation. He also received mild rebukes for China's human rights record and uncomfortable questions on Taiwan. But the underlying message was one of working together as Clinton continues down the course of "constructive engagement" with the superpower-in-waiting. ....The depth of the engagement policy was most evident in a report timed for release with Zhu's arrival. The report showed that China received $15 billion worth of strategically sensitive US exports, ranging from super computers to oscilloscopes, over the past 10 years. The array of high-tech equipment legally exported to China could be used for designing nuclear weapons, processing nuclear weapons material, building missile parts and transmitting data from missile tests. The endless list of export licenses granted to China presents a sharp contrast to the "deny, deny, deny" policy toward India. While sophisticated technology is sold directly to the Chinese military, even paper clips are denied to the Indian defence department after last May's nuclear tests. The restrictions against India, already many-layered because of New Delhi's refusal to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, multiplied after Pokhran-II, effectively choking the flow of technology. China, meanwhile, enjoys American trust and buys cutting-edge equipment despite its record of supplying nuclear technology and missile components to Pakistan, Iran, Syria, Iraq and other countries over the years. The buying spree continues even in the face of at least two serious instances of Chinese nuclear espionage which recently came to light. Chinese moles allegedly stole the design of W-88, the most advanced American nuclear warhead, and data on the neutron bomb from US government labs.....But what China allegedly stole pales in comparison to what it legally bought through regular channels under Clinton's "trade-first" policy. The report prepared by the Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control, a Washington-based think tank, said that lax Commerce Department rules allowed China's military establishment to purchase dual use items, many of which later turned up in Pakistan and Iran. The damage to US national security from such legal largesse was far greater than China's nuclear espionage. China bought more than 11,000 computers on the restricted list worth $7.7 billion after 1993 when the definition of what constitutes a "supercomputer" was changed by the Clinton administration. The bar was raised, allowing for a seven-fold relaxation in supercomputer export controls. By February 1994, the Clinton administration leaning under industry pressure and trying to promote trade, defined a supercomputer as a machine performing 1.5 billion operations per second from the earlier 195 million operations per second. By 1996, the controls were relaxed even further, allowing export of computers performing 2 billion operations per second. "If a Chinese buyer did not admit to being a nuclear, missile, or military site, it could import computers performing up to 7 billion operations per second. Such computers are used, among other things, to encode and decode secret messages, to design and test nuclear warheads and to simulate the performance of missiles from launch to impact," the report says....."


IZVESTIA 4/20/99 Navaz Sharif, Eduard Babazadeh Freeper khatch "...IZVESTIA carries an interview by the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Navaz Sharif, who granted it before starting his official visit to Russia yesterday [April 19]. Asked to estimate the present state of relations between the two countries, he said they were at a new stage of development. The important thing was to break the inertia of the past and build a new type of relations based on the realities of a new world. His present visit to Russia provided a fine opportunity for both to lay a foundation of firmer and more comprehensive ties. He had a good mind to discuss it with President Boris Yeltsin and Prime Minister Yevgeni Primakov...."

Asia Week 4/30/99 Ajay Singh "....SHORTLY BEFORE PRIME MINISTER ATAL BEHARI VAJPAYEE completed a year in office on March 19, he made a boast about his Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party. "We have arrived," he said, "and we are here to stay." Barely a month later, India's poet-premier was eating his words. "I feel free," he told reporters, minutes after losing an April 17 parliamentary vote of confidence that led to the collapse of his BJP-led coalition government. "Only the future will say how stable the next government will be." Stability is on the mind of just about every Indian these days - and for good reason. Vajpayee's 18-party coalition was the third to fall prematurely in less than three years. Even though its rule lasted longer than the previous two administrations it was by far the most fractious of the lot. Almost from the day it took power, the government had been blackmailed and bullied by its second-largest constituent, a party based in southern Tamil Nadu state. Its mercurial leader, onetime actress Jayalalitha Jayaram, is facing prosecution in 53 separate cases of alleged corruption. It was she who precipitated the collapse of Vajpayee's now-caretaker government by withdrawing the support of her 18 MPs..... New Delhi decided to flex its military muscle. In a thinly disguised attempt to shore up political support, it test-fired a new ballistic missile, the Agni II, whose name means "fire" in Sanskrit. With an average range of about 2,500 km, the nuclear-capable missile can reach the heartland of China. A previously existing missile, the Agni I, can strike all of Pakistan. New Delhi was hoping that the test would subdue dissent in the coalition - just like its nuclear blasts had done in May last year. But it underestimated Jayalalitha, dubbed "the political psychopath" by the newsweekly India Today...IF THE TAMIL "MISSILE" from the south caught the BJP by surprise, another one from the north did not. Three days after New Delhi launched the Agni II, Pakistan fired its latest nuclear-capable missile, Ghauri II (named after an Afghan invader of India), which can hit targets deep in Indian territory. The tit-for-tat tests came less than two months after Vajpayee's "bus diplomacy" with Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif. ..."

The Hindu 5/2/99 Sridhar Krishnaswami "...The Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Dr. Farooq Abdullah, has told administration officials and Members of Congress that the U.S. should tell Pakistan to stop abetting cross-border terrorism. He also said the killing of innocents must stop. To a question at the National Press Club on Friday, Dr. Abdullah said that he had discussed a number of issues with officials and law-makers including India-Pakistan talks, terrorism and sanctions. Dr. Abdullah also brushed aside the constant reference here to Kashmir being a ``nuclear flashpoint'', making the point that it was necessary for India to demonstrate to its neighbours its capabilities. He said the country would not be using these weapons ``just for the heck of it''. Arguing that he did not see a situation in which India or Pakistan resorted to the use of nuclear weapons, Dr. Abdullah maintained that it was important for them to have it...."

The Hindu 5/12/99 UNI Freeper Jai "...On the anniversary of the Pokhran explosion, Chinese ambassador to India Zhou Gang has called for closer ties between India and China. ''The military attack of the US-led NATO against Yugoslavia, a sovereign State, has once again proved that hegemonism and power politics remain the major root cause threatening world peace and security, and that the new 'gunboat policy' is rampant today...."

The Hindu 5/16/99 "...India and Russia today decided to enhance their cooperation to defuse the Kosovo crisis as part of an effort to create a "multipolar world." Both sides decided to jointly push an international effort to resolve the Yugoslav question during interaction between the Russian President's special envoy, Mr. Sergei E. Prikhodko, and top Indian leaders today..... Both sides declared that an end to the "unjustified" military action by NATO on Yugoslavia was necessary so that a congenial atmosphere for the negotiated settlement of the crisis could be created. Mr. Prikhodko's visit saw the two countries reviewing the entire gamut of bilateral relations....."

The Age 5/17/99 PAUL DALEY CANBERRA and JENNIFER HEWETT "... The Federal Government has launched a top-level inquiry into the security of Australia's spy networks after the United States charged a rookie intelligence expert from Melbourne with trying to sell US defence secrets to another country. Jean Philippe Wispelaere, 28, appeared in a US court yesterday accused of selling the secrets to an FBI agent posing as a spy from another country...... It is alleged that Mr Wispelaere received $US120,000 ($A180,000) from the FBI agent in exchange for hundreds of classified US documents, which he stole while working for Australia's Defence Intelligence Organisation in Canberra for six months until last January. He was arrested in Washington on Saturday after a joint operation by the FBI, the Australian Federal Police and the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation...... The sources said that some of the stolen material related to the procurement of biological, chemical, nuclear and ballistic missiles by Asian countries and America's theatre missile defence program in North Asia. While neither America nor Australia would name the country to which Mr Wispelaere allegedly tried to sell the material, sources said he was believed to have approached both the Pakistan and Indian embassies in Bangkok within a week of his sudden resignation from the DIO in January.... The FBI affidavit against him claims that he provided top secret documents that could cause ``serious and exceptionally grave damage to US national security interests if disclosed to unauthorised entities''.... His attempt to sell the material backfired when the targeted country informed the US.....He made the first approach to the Bangkok embassy on 18 January, less than a week after resigning from the DIO. The FBI affidavit alleges that he handed 713 classified documents to an undercover agent in Bangkok on 3 April....."

The Times Of India 5/19/99 K SUBRAHMANYAM "....A new situation is developing with the international system becoming unipolar and serious imbalances developing in terms of weapon capabilities between NATO and the rest of the world. The US is now able to wage a war devastating the infrastructure of Yugoslavia without itself suffering any combat casualties....The type of war waged against Yugoslavia is specifically tailored to subdue countries which have reached a certain stage of industrialisation..... The war is against the whole of the Yugoslav nation to cripple its infrastructure, its power and water supply, its industries and to pollute extensively air, soil and water. This is a crime worse than that which Slobodan Milosevic is accused of....... Accompanying this high technology campaign is the shrill international propaganda war through the international media to project to the world that black is white. While the suffering of refugees is extensively portrayed, not much is shown on the effects of thousands of bombs rained on Yugoslavia..... George Orwell's doublespeak and Aldous Huxley's conditioning are today practised with a vengeance. Information is shaped and used to have maximum psychological impact to mislead both one's own and the adversary populations. Carefully doctored images portrayed on TV have a powerful effect on popular opinion. Having manipulated public opinion, the politico-strategic establishments cite that to justify their predetermined aggression..... The NATO document spells out that nuclear weapons are essential political instruments and their role is to create uncertainty in the minds of aggressors and demonstrate that aggression of any kind is not a rational option. If that is their purpose, what is wrong in India creating uncertainties in the minds of potential aggressors and persuading them that aggression of any kind is not a rational option. That kind of insurance has become all the more imperative in the light of the widening gap in the sophisticated conventional technology of war using accurate long-range missiles. The issue before India is whether it wants to preserve its sovereignty won after a long freedom struggle and should try to develop one sixth of mankind economically, socially, politically and technological according to the democratic wishes of the Indian people without the threat of foreign intervention of the type we see in Yugoslavia. There were a number of Indians who considered Gandhi as a violator of British law and order and they were content to enjoy the benefits of the British rule. That was not acceptable to the Indian population as a whole..... In the last one year, our relations with Pakistan have improved and the Chinese are coming round to appreciate the need for India, Russia and China taking a common stand against unipolarity and the wanton aggression against Yugoslavia. Those who talked about international trends towards disarmament should explain the thundering NATO document asserting the centrality of nuclear weapons and why an ecocidal war against Yugoslavia is being waged with hardly any protest from the peace movements. The international security environment has never been more threatening to the rule of law and autonomy of nations. The Indian credible minimum deterrent is the only insurance for our autonomous development in a hegemonistic unipolar world....."

The Indian Express 5/26/99 "...The Clinton administration is concerned that a U.S. Congressional report accusing neighbouring China of stealing American nuclear weapons secrets may spark off a new arms race between India and China. "The (congressional) report will be looked at very closely in India to see what implications that report has for security concerns," assistant secretary of state for south Asian affairs Karl Inderfurth admitted to a senate foreign relations subcommittee, reports Reuters...."

The Indian Express 5/26/99 "...Pakistan's top nuclear scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan called for the country to acquire the ability to launch its own satellite to match rival India. "Launching of a satellite is necessary for Pakistan," Khan said adding it was essential for communications, enemy surveillance and remote sensing. He said his team of scientists had the ability to arrange the facility. "We need only government patronage," he told journalists here, as reports from India said the countdown for today's launch of a rocket which will signal New Delhi's entry into the satellite launch market continued trouble free, reports PTI...."

Fox News Wire 5/26/99 "...India said Wednesday its airstrikes against "infiltrators'' who have dug themselves in on mountains in Kashmir were effective and were not carried out near the cease-fire line that divides it from Pakistan. "The strikes were effective as per first reports from our ground personnel,'' Brigadier Mohan Bhandari, deputy director general of military operations, told reporters after the dawn raid in the bitterly disputed Himalayan region. "We are restricting our operations well clear of the LoC (Line of Control),'' Air Commodore Subash Bhojwani said. "There is no case of damage to anything across the LoC.''..."

5/26/99 BBC News Freeper Thanatos "...India has successfully launched its first commercial rocket. The unmanned rocket carried into orbit three satellites - one Indian, one German and one South Korean - from the southern island of Sriharikota in the Bay of Bengal. The launch marks India's entry into the lucrative satellite delivery business. A number of nations around the world are now developing low-cost systems that are taking business from the more established players in the market. India's new commercial rocket service could attract millions of dollars to the Indian economy. The chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), K Kasturirangan, said its launch charges could be about 25% cheaper than other countries such as the US, Russia and China...."

NY Times 5/26/99 AP "...Indian air force jets and helicopters fired on suspected guerrillas in the disputed Kashmir province today, marking the most serious escalation of fighting in the region since India and Pakistan tested nuclear weapons last year. Pakistan charged that Indian aircraft bombed its territory in the raids today and an army spokesman said the country is ready for ``all eventualities.'' ``We think it is a very grave escalation and Pakistan armed forces reserves the right to respond,'' said Brigadier Rashid Quereshi, a military spokesman told The Associated Press...."

NY Times 5/27/99 AP "...Two Indian fighter jets went down in Pakistan today as India launched a second day of rocket attacks in Kashmir to dislodge Pakistan-backed guerrillas from the disputed frontier. Pakistan said it shot down the jets, but Indian officials said one crashed due to mechanical failure and the other was shot down when it tried to rescue the first pilot. The downing of the planes and the use of Indian air power indicated a major escalation in the battle over Kashmir, a Himalayan territory divided between India and Pakistan...."

The Times of India 5/28/99 "...Beijing - India and China have signed an agreement to cooperate in key areas of science and technology, including information technology (IT), to give a boost to bilateral scientific ties between the two countries. The agreement was signed here Wednesday at the conclusion of the fourth meeting of India-China Joint Committee on science and technology cooperation, which met for the first time since April 1993. The priority areas of cooperation identified by the two sides are bio-technology, medical science and technology, material science and technology, including advanced metals, earth sciences, electronics, hardware and information technology, official sources said...."

The Indian Express 5/28/99 Freeper Jai Agencies "...Pakistan today warned that peace in the world's newest nuclear region was at risk and Sharif's ominous message to the nation boomed in tandem with Indian Howitzers across the border: "Last year's nuclear tests has given Pakistan the confidence to counter 'any enemy attack'"...."

Investor's Business Daily 5/28/99 John Berlau "...Pakistan and India are in a shooting war. And it looks like Pakistan may have bought some of its most modern weapons know-how from China -possibly violating arms control laws. What's more, 19 such weapons transfers to Pakistan or Iran were reported to the Clinton administration, which chose to punish China only twice. Those are just some of the striking findings highlighted Thursday by Rep. Curt Weldon, R-Pa. Weldon's a member of the special House committee probing Chinese espionage in the U.S. that's chaired by Rep. Chris Cox, R-Calif. Weldon released a summary of his findings, which went further than the panel's 900-page report in charging that dealings with the Chinese government have damaged U.S. security. He blames the Clinton administration for loosening controls on technology exports to China at a time it knew Beijing was selling military know-how to potential bad actors like Pakistan and Iran....."

The Express 5/29/99 JASON BURKE "...INDIA and Pakistan's conflict over Kashmir could become a full-scale nuclear war threatening a billion people, it was claimed last night. Chaudhry Sultan Mahmood, prime minister of the Pakistan-held part of Kashmir, warned: "The situation is getting very serious, volatile and dangerous. I think there is a very, very great chance of all-out war." He added: "Unfortunately, both countries now have the bomb, and when it escalates to the extent of violating air space then you use more, stronger weapons. The time comes that you feel you better do it first, you attack first." ..."

AP 5/29/99 "...The government expelled an Indian scientist who worked in a U.S. weapons lab because he was connected with India's nuclear-weapons program, Newsweek reported Saturday. The magazine did not report the scientist's name or reveal its sources for the man's removal from the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. "Last year Los Alamos expelled an Indian scientist when it was discovered he had ties to India's nuclear-bomb program,'' Newsweek said it has learned....."

Rediff On The Net 5/30/99 Chindu Sreedharan in Shrinagar Freeper Jai "...After maintaining for 20 days that the infiltrators in the Kargil-Drass-Batalik area were "militants supported by the Pakistani army", the army on Saturday revealed that they were regular Pakistani troops...."

Rediff On The Net 5/29/99 George Iype "...While the fresh face off between India and Pakistan over the Kargil conflict has nearly killed the historic Lahore Declaration, the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government has successfully blocked Islamabad's efforts to internationalise the issue. In a diplomatic coup, India announced on Saturday that four permanent members -- the United States, Russia, France and the United Kingdom -- of the United Nations Security Council have assured New Delhi that they will not raise the Kargil issue in the apex body...."

The Hindustan Times 5/31/99 Freeper Jai "...The Western intelligence report that British Islamic fundamentalists are allegedly among the insurgents who have intruded in India's territory in the Kargil sector has only confirmed the fact that Britain is being used as a training, brain-washing and fund-collecting centre for Islamic terrorism...."

The Hindu 5/31/99 Sridhar Krishnaswami Freeper Jai "...Officials of the Indian Embassy in Washington are saying that the Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia, Mr.Karl Inderfurth, has denied that the United States had offered to mediate in the dispute between India and Pakistan..."

Itar-Tass 5/30/99 "...Over 20 people died in the town of Krusevac during an air raid of NATO on Sunday afternoon. The bombs blasted near the St. Trinity Church and a street market flooded by people celebrating the Trinity Holiday. The official target of the air raid was the local bridge...."

NY TIMES 5/30/99 Ian Fisher "...What happened to the thousands of ethnic Albanian men -- from boys barely of fighting age to grandfathers -- who were separated from their families in recent weeks in Kosovo, shoved into trucks and who then disappeared? A partial answer to one of the scarier questions in the devastation of Kosovo has been staggering across the border here. The fear was that the men were killed by Serbian militias, and perhaps some were. But in the last week, about 2,300 men crossed the border into Albania, most unshaven, some weeping, with no money or belts around pants that have recently grown baggier...... "One of my neighbors, a Serb, was the one who beat me," he said. "He wanted to kill me but the others wouldn't let him." Like all the accounts of the men who came across the border this week, Selimi's remarks could not be independently verified. But the individual accounts, given separately over several days, suggested that the men were routinely subjected to interrogation and some to beatings....."

5/30/99 AP Freeper Thanatos "...In the mountains of Pakistan, thousands of Islamic militants are preparing for a holy war next door in India. They crawl on their bellies, plant land mines and practice marksmanship. Their enemies are the Indian soldiers trying to crush a decade-old insurgency in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir, the only Indian state that has a Muslim majority...."

5/29/99 RAHUL BEDI in New Delhi "...India is battling well-armed Pakistan-backed Islamic militants who have taken control of Kashmir's civil war for an independent homeland because local recruits can no longer be attracted. Military and intelligence officials say the militants entrenched in the Kargil-Dras region were mostly Afghans and Pakistanis. Some of the militants are believed to be associated with Osama bin Laden, the Saudi millionaire who is allegedly one of the key financiers of global Islamic terrorism and blamed by the United States as being behind last year's bombing of the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania...."

Agence France-Presse 6/1/99 "... Indian Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh said on Tuesday that there could be no constructive talks with Pakistan without Islamabad first stopping "its aggression" in Kashmir. Pakistan has said it was willing to send its Foreign Minister Sartaj Aziz to New Delhi for talks with Singh this week but India has said it was yet to receive a time-frame. "We will use the opportunity to convey the sense of outrage at the manner in which Pakistan had blatantly violated international norms and resorted to what could only be described as an armed intrusion amounting to aggression," Singh told a private television network...."

FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT 5/30/99 Eric Margolis Freeper jasoos2000 "...India's repeated claims to have virtually crushed the Kashmiri intifada were plainly contradicted by this week's dramatic events. In spite of deploying a third of its army and 300,000 paramilitary police in Kashmir, India has failed to extinguish the revolt, which has caused at least 50,000 deaths since it spontaneously erupted in 1989. India has been widely condemned by human rights organizations for routinely using torture, mass executions, arson, and gang rapes to break Kashmiri resistance. Unable to quell the uprising, India has turned its wrath on Pakistan, and frequently threatened a full-scale war against its smaller, weaker neighbor...."

The Times of India 6/2/99 "...The Pakistan foreign secretary's statement that "we will not hesitate to use any weapon in our arsenal to defend our territorial integrity" has been interpreted by some sections of the international media as a veiled nuclear threat. While Indian National Security Adviser Brajesh Mishra has described the pronouncement, if true, as utterly irresponsible, other reports from Pakistan have denied the statement. Common sense suggests that the remark be discounted: A country resorting to nuclear blackmail is not likely to make its foreign secretary the mouthpiece for the threat. However, this does not rule out the possibility of Islamabad using the tactics of psychological warfare within the nuclear context. Subtle nuclear blackmail has long been part of Pakistan's strategy to invoke UN and US intervention in the Kashmir issue...."

5/31/99 BBC News Freeper Thanatos "...India and Pakistan are to hold talks over Kashmir in the first sign that the two sides might be trying to defuse escalating tensions. India has agreed to host Pakistani Foreign Minister Sartaj Aziz in Delhi after dates for the visit are worked out through diplomatic channels. The announcement came during the sixth day of India's combined ground and air operations against what it claims are Pakistani-backed infiltrators...."

The Pioneer 6/1/99 Editorial Freeper Jai "...Now that the autopsy report has established that Squadron Leader Ajay Ahuja of the Indian Air Force (IAF) was shot twice from close range and killed by Pakistani soldiers, the Indian Government must urge the international community to exert the strongest possible pressure on the Pakistani Government to institute an inquiry into what amounts to a cold blooded murder of an officer. . . . relevant international organisations, such as the International Red Cross, the International Human Rights Commission, and the Geneva Conventions relating to the Treatment of Prisoners of War must be approached...."

THE Hindu 6/2/99 UNI "... Pakistan has announced that it is going to equip its navy with nuclear weapons. This disclosure was made by Pakistani naval spokesman in Karachi, according to the 'Voice of Russia'. Regretting the report in practically every broadcast on Tuesday, the State radio expressed concern over the turn of events in nuclear arms race in south Asia...."

The Telegraph 6/3/99Seema Sirohi "...Washington, June 2 - The Clinton Administration has told Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in no uncertain terms to get the infiltrators out from Kargil and move quickly toward normalisation with India to save whatever remains of his country's international reputation. The tough message was delivered by secretary of state Madeleine Albright, who talked to Sharif over the weekend, well-informed sources told The Telegraph. Albright asked him to use every means possible to "get these men out" from Indian territory and re-establish the Line of Control (LoC). The clear and concise message from Washington is like a breath of fresh air for Indian officials who often are dismayed by the administration's refusal to take sides...."

The Pioneer 6/5/99 "...For the first time, Indian troops on Friday got hard evidence of the involvement of Pakistani Infantry soldiers in the Kargil intrusions when they recovered three of their bodies from the Batalik sector. Officials said it was also becoming clearer that at least two battalions of invaders, including Pakistan Infantry, had set up positions inside the Indian territory with adequate supply lines and sophisticated weapons. In terms of sheer numbers, the invaders would be more than 1500...."

Agence France-Presse 6/5/99 "...The Indian air force Saturday bombed Moslem guerrillas in Kashmir for the 11th day, 24 hours after Pakistan freed a captured Indian pilot as a "goodwill" gesture, officials said...India says the guerrillas include Pakistani troops and claimed Friday that it had seized the bodies of three Pakistanis killed in fighting. ...."

Freeper Red Jones reports 6/7/99 "...Congress didn't let them [Clinton/Albright] impose sanctions in the end and Clinton backed off as though it were his idea to avoid sanctions as always, but the offense to India was symbolic. All India did was try to defend themselves from known enemies. They've faced 2 wars with China in the last 40 years. Pakistan has been actively murdering Indian citizens in Kashmir for years. Many thousands are dead. The US has helped China gain militarilly with Clinton's treason. The US also favors trade with China by putting only a 2-3% tarriff on Chinese products while the Chinese tax our products at 30-40%. India doesn't have that type of trade favoritism from US government. It is India that is the democracy that respects freedom of religion. It is China that is totalitarian and throws christians in jail. Clinton has turned our values upside down and done immeasureable harm...."

The Hindu 6/6/99 "... India today virtually ruled out the possibility of a war with Pakistan, saying it did not share Pakistani Premier Nawaz Sharif's views in this regard. "This is not an assessment we share," an External Affairs Ministry spokesman told reporters when his attention was drawn to Sharif's reported statement in Lahore yesterday in which the latter accused New Delhi of thwarting peace talks and warned that war between the two countries was a possibility. The spokesman said India had become a victim of armed intrusion from Pakistan in the Kargil sector which it was determined to vacate. "....a'

The Deccan Herald 6/8/99 Freeper Jai "...Bhashyam Kasturi The harsh Himalayan terrain, long lines of supply and communication, intensive manpower operations and well- entrenched enemy are the main constraints facing the Indian Army in Kargil sector of Jammu and Kashmir. On the international front there remains the challenge of dispelling the view in the US and other nations, that Kashmir is a "nuclear flashpoint" and that this crisis is likely to blow up anytime. After initial setbacks, diplomacy has moved on to creating an "understanding" in world capitals that it is Pakistan which is the intruder and India has every right to undertake military action..."

The Far Eastern Economic Review 6/10/99Ahmed Rashid, Pramit Mitra, and Sadanand Dhume "....A domestic power play by Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif helped trigger the fighting in Kashmir. Indian electoral politics aren't helping to calm it. .... The springtime infiltration of Islamic militants from Pakistan to fight a guerrilla war against Indian troops was nothing new--it has been going on since the insurgency in Kashmir broke out nine years and 30,000 lost lives ago. But this time there was a marked difference. The militants numbered not the usual few dozen but 700, according to Indian intelligence officials. They were equipped and supplied well enough to survive several months in deep snow at heights of 5,000 metres. They were there not to conduct guerrilla attacks, but to occupy strategic heights and cut the sole supply route for the Indian army from Srinagar, the capital of Indian Kashmir, to Leh further north. To India it seemed ominously like "Operation Gibraltar" in 1965, when Pakistan infiltrated large numbers of militants into India. In response to that incursion, New Delhi declared war...."

The Hindu 6/8/99 UNI "...India must maintain maximum restraint in the Kargil operations and should not take the adventurist step of humiliating Pakistan that it had intended to do during the 1971 Bangladesh war, said the visiting former American Secretary of State Henry Kissinger...."

IRNA 6/9/99 "..."the lahore process should be sustained in search for a comprehensive improvement in relations with pakistan. at the same time, india must be prepared for all eventualities in the fluid situation prevailing today", an official statement said after a joint meeting of national security council, strategic policy group and national security advisory board.....while noting that the international community had shown greater understanding of india's position on the kargil conflict, the meeting emphasised for more intensive diplomacy so as to neutralise pakistan's effort to mislead and disinform public opinion. it was also felt that india should highlight the forebearance it has shown so far in the face of grave provocation...." 6/9/99 Canadian Press Freeper Thanatos "...With no resolution in sight to gunfire traded by India and Pakistan over the disputed region of Kashmir, the world worries about a full-scale conflict breaking out on the Indian subcontinent that could lead to nuclear war. Not likely, says Col. Joe Stevens, the eyes of Canada's military in India. As the Canadian military attache for India, Stevens' job is to observe India's army from New Delhi and advise Ottawa on its policies for South Asia. He said in a telephone interview that although India and Pakistan are arch rivals, neither country would resort to nuclear weapons to win the battle in Kashmir. "Everyone here in India and Pakistan are shaking their heads over the way the nuclear threat has been overstated," Stevens said ..."

Electronic Telegraph 6/10/99 Rahul Bedi "...A wave of intense nationalism not seen since the war against Pakistan 28 years ago is sweeping across India. With few exceptions, Indians are burying their differences as the army fights hundreds of Islamic guerrillas in Kashmir. Most believe that Pakistan is actively backing the fighters dug in on top of ridges well inside Indian territory in Kashmir's remote Kargil region and must be taught a lesson....."

India Today 6/10/99 Freeper Jai "...A tale of barbarism of the Pakistani army has unfolded with the handing over of bodies of six Indian soldiers, which were without their vital parts. "Their eyeballs have been dug out, the noses, ears and genitals chopped off," a senior defence official told agencies here, expressing shock and anguish. . . ."

The Pioneer 6/11/99 IANS "...US Congressman Gary Ackerman has called for Pakistan to be blacklisted as a terrorist state if it does not immediately cease assistance to terrorists in Kashmir. The Democratic co-chairman of the Congressional Caucus on India said if Islamabad does not eschew helping "Islamic terrorists in the Kargil and Dras area of Jammu and Kashmir and (unless it) withdraws its forces from the region, the State Department must add Pakistan to its annual list of state sponsors of terrorism." ..."

6/10/99 WorldNetDaily Ahmar Mustikhan Freeper Thanatos "...KARACHI, Pakistan -- The specter of a nuclear war is haunting the South Asian landscape as a month-long, low-intensity war between rivals India and Pakistan may escalate at any moment. United Nations experts are particularly worried since the two belligerents are the youngest members of the nuclear club...."

International Herald Tribune 6/11/99 "...Foreign ministers from the West, Japan and Russia called Thursday for India and Pakistan to end the fighting in Kashmir and said they could not take a bystander role in the conflict. ''We cannot allow ourselves to take a bystander role,'' Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer of Germany said after a two-day meeting here of the Group of Seven nations - Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States - and Russia. They also called on India and Pakistan to adhere to the nuclear test ban treaty....."

The Hindu 6/12/99 PTI "...The post-mortem report of the six Indian soldiers has revealed that they were barbarically tortured before being killed about a week ago. The men, led by Lieutenant Saurab Kalia had been captured by Pakistan last month and their badly mutilated bodies handed over to the Indian forces at Kargil yesterday. ..... Describing the killings as `unpardonable', Mr. Fernandes said it was a blatant violation of the international war conventions and open disregard for the uniform. "Today we have proof of the soldiers having been tortured in the worst possible manner before being killed," he said....."

The Hindu 6/13/99 Sridhar Krishnaswami "...The United States-India Business Council has welcomed the Senate action on India-Pakistan sanctions saying that this would open the door to more normal commercial relations with India while significantly increasing the diplomatic tools available to American negotiators in South Asia. "The U.S.-India Business Council believes that this step represents a major breakthrough in U.S. foreign policy. It will strengthen U.S. diplomacy and help the U.S. negotiators achieve the goals set out after the May 1998 Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests. And it establishes the foundation for broad based, bi- partisan consensus on the U.S. approach to a region where the U.S. has large and rapidly increasing commercial and national security interests," the Chairman of the U.S.-India Business Council, Mr. Dean O'Hare, said in a statement. This week, the Senate moved to suspend sanctions against India and Pakistan for a period of five years...."

6/13/99 BBC News "....Pakistan has accused India of firing chemical shells in its campaign to dislodge hundreds of militants from positions on the Indian side of the line of control in Kashmir. India - a signatory of the Chemical Weapons Convention - has denied the accusation. The military statement from Islamabad also accused India of making heavy artillery bombardments deep into Pakistan's territory...."

The Indian Express 6/13/99 "...The stage is all set for complete normalisation of India-China ties with external affairs minister Jaswant Singh's visiting Beijing today for positive interaction with the Chinese leadership on a host of issues. "We do look forward to a very positive interaction between the two countries during the visit of the external affairs minister to China," Indian ambassador to China Vijay K. Nambiar told PTI here ahead of Singh's two-day trip, reports PTI....."

The Times of India 6/15/99 Dinesh Kumar "...The Army, the Navy, the Air force and the Coast Guard are all in a state of ``high alert'' following Pakistani troop movements along both the Line of Control (LoC) in Kashmir and the entire India-Pakistan border. The Indian movements, however, are defensive and precautionary in nature following Pakistan's mobilisation of its army and air force in the border regions. ``We are aware of the moves by the enemy (Pakistan). We have taken requisite measures,'' said Army spokesman Colonel Bikram Singh. However, military officials were tightlipped about details...."

6/15/99 Irish Times "....Despite the Indian army's various successes in driving out Islamic mercenaries from its territory in northern Kashmir state over the past week, military planners are increasingly of the view that without a swift "surgical strike" across the line of control with Pakistan, the intruders' supply lines cannot be effectively sealed. If this is not done, the strategically located infiltrators - which India claims are Pakistani soldiers and Islamic mercenaries - can play havoc on army assault teams and threaten the military highway that services Indian troops along the northern borders with Pakistan and China. Pakistan denies India's allegations. It claims the intruders are local "freedom fighters" who have been waging decade-long civil war, in which over 20,000 people have died, for an Islamic homeland...."

The Indian Express 6/15/99 "...Torture and mutilation of six Indian soldiers in Pakistani custody before they were killed amounts to a violation of the Geneva accord and should be "dealt with accordingly," chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff General Hugh Shelton has said, reports PTI. The General was replying to a question at a weekend press conference on reports that an Ante-mortem report that bodies of the soldiers returned by the Pakistani army showed they were tortured, their eyes gouged out and noses, ears and other parts cut off before being killed. "If the condition (of the soldiers) is as you have described it, and if it were in fact done by the other side, then, of course, it is a violation of the Geneva Convention, and it should be dealt with accordingly," he said...."

The Hindu 6/15/99 Kesava Menon "...Apart from initial offers of mediation by Egypt and Iran and the usual proforma statements of concern at escalating tension, there has not been much of a reaction from the Muslim world to the Kargil developments....The Iranian offer of mediation was at least understandable, even if not acceptable, to India, since Teheran believes it can play such a role between India and Pakistan...."

6/15/99 AFP "...India and China, whose relations nose-dived after New Delhi's nuclear tests last year, have agreed to constitute a "security dialogue mechanism," New Delhi Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh was quoted as saying Monday. Singh, speaking on the first day of a two-day official visit to Beijing, did not give details of what the mechanism would be, India news agencies said. Singh held talks with his Chinese counterpart Tang Jiaxuan and said both countries would hold talks "at an appropriate time" to discuss the modalities of the security mechanism, the Press Trust of India reported..."

The Times of India 6/17/99 Dinesh Kumar "…Declaring that the Indian Navy had been put on high alert in the western theatre (Arabian Sea), Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sushil Kumar on Wednesday said that this had been done to ensure that the Kargil conflict did not spill over into the seas. ``The Pakistani navy has been building up its force levels for some time. It has been in a state of very high alert since June 11. Although it has currently adopted a defensive posture, it is in a position to launch an offensive at short notice,'' he said in an interview to The Times of India here….."

6/17/99 The Hindustan Times "...In a tactical move, the Pakistan Army troops are believed to have started withdrawing from pockets that have been encircled by the Indian forces, while at the same time despatching reinforcements to back their stronger positions in the Kargil sector. This assessment is based on radio intercepts made by the Indian forces in Tololing area in the Drass sector and in enemy positions east of Batalik sub-sector...."

The Times of India 6/20/99 "…Indian troops on Saturday launched the final assault to recapture Jhubber and Kokerthang ridges while fierce fighting was on in Batalik, Drass and Tiger Hills areas. The troops also killed eight intruders and destroyed four enemy ``sangars'' (field fortifications). A large quantity of ammunition and three universal machine guns were recovered from the area north of Tololing…."

The Star (Malaysia) 6/19/99 "…More than 80,000 terrified people from border villages in India's northwestern state of Punjab have fled to safety following troop movements along the border with Pakistan, police said

yesterday. Inspector General of Police (Border) J.P. Birdi said 90% of the population of about 200 villages had moved out. "We are trying to persuade them to stay but we can't stop them forcefully," he said. "As per our estimate, more than 80,000 people have left." …"

The Associated Press 6/18/99 Hema Shukla "…Artillery moved forward and air force jets roared high above the Himalayan peaks of Kashmir today as the Indian army prepared for a frontal assault on an almost vertical rock face held by Islamic militants. India wants to build on military gains it claimed earlier this week after a month of fighting the militants in the Indian-controlled part of the divided region of Kashmir. Meanwhile, Russia joined the United States in urging Pakistan to withdraw the forces that crossed the cease-fire line dividing the region into Indian and Pakistani-held areas. Moscow said tensions were caused ``above all'' by the infiltration into Indian territory. Pakistan denies it has any control over the militants, who it says are Kashmiri Muslims fighting for the region's independence from predominantly Hindu India…."

The Times of India 6/18/99 "…India admitted to firing across the Line of Control (LoC) into Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) to destroy a Pakistani military base. The base had been providing infiltrators and Pakistani army regulars in the Kargil region with supplies in the conflict against Indian troops. The post, in Skardu, is opposite the Turtuk valley, which Pakistani troops tried unsuccessfully to capture just days ago. In a major series of offensives, India has also regained 5 military posts that were earlier in control of the ..."

The Hindu 6/19/99 "…The U.S. Administration may go public with more evidence of Islamabad's involvement in Kargil if the President, Mr. Bill Clinton's personal messages to the Pakistan Prime Minister, Mr. Nawaz Sharif, go unheeded, according to a leading American think-tank. ``The Clinton administration could have more to say in public about the evidence that has shaped its views if private messages to Islamabad prove ineffective,'' Mr. Michael Krepon, president of the Henry L. Stimson Centre in Washington, said. In an exclusive written for the weekly Outlook, he said Pakistan's claims that Kargil developments were the handiwork of mujahideens have not been accepted in the U.S., a release from the weekly said today ``Afghans and other jihadists may well be involved in this operation, but they could not, by themselves, have managed to seize the mountain ridges dominating the road to Ladakh and the base camps to Siachen. ''The scope and planning of this operation, as well as the equipment, logistics, artillery and communication support necessary to Carry it out, all point to the direct involvement of the Government of Pakistan, its Army and Intelligence services,`` he said…."

The Pioneer Arun Bajpai 6/18/99 "…For the Pakistani Army and its ally ISI, conducting proxy war against India for the last one decade, it was too much of a temptation to resist occupying the desolate barren hills ranging in heights from 15,000 ft to 17,000 ft. The area is across the LoC in Batalik-Kargil-Dras region and adjacent to Siachen sector, which the Indian Army vacates in winters to again return back when the snow melts in summer. In this sector, the LOC is nearest to the Indian National Highway 1A, connecting Srinagar to Leh and the lifeline for troops deployed in Siachen and Ladakh. The plan involved occupation of these ridges before the return of the Indian Army in summer. The ranks of the battle hardened mercenaries of Afghan wars were beefed up with Pakistani Army led by its officers. The aim was to alter the alignment of LoC in Batalik-Kargil-Dras sector by occupying these ridges and then cutting off Srinagar-Leh highway, thereby making a big dent in the successful conduct of Siachen war by India due to choked supply lines. Besides, Kargil and Dras townships would have been at the mercy of these infiltrators. It would have also been a big blow to the Indian prestige….."

LA Times 6/17/99 Dexter Filkins "…Contradicting weeks of official denials, a Pakistani military leader here acknowledged Wednesday that his nation's soldiers have been playing a major role in operations against Indian troops since fighting broke out along the disputed Kashmiri border last month. The admission came as military and diplomatic sources reported heavy troop movements along the Indo-Pakistani border, suggesting that the two nations, which tested nuclear devices last year, may be preparing for a larger war…."

The Indian Express 6/20/99 "…Indian troops launched the final assault to recapture Jhubber and Kokerthang ridges while fierce fighting was on in Batalik, Drass and Tiger hills areas. The troops also destroyed four enemy 'Sangars' (field fortifications) north of Tololing during the past 24 hours. Official sources here said ten Pakistani soldiers were killed or wounded. An army spokesman in New Delhi however, said eight infiltrators were killed in the Tololing operation. The body of a Pakistani regular, Mohammed Noor, of Northern Light Infantry, was recovered, reports UNI.

The spokesman, Col. Bikram Singh, said six Indian soldiers also lost their lives and seven were wounded in the operation during the past 24 hours. With this the total number of Indian army personnel killed in 'Operation Vijay' so far has gone up to 112. As many as 249 are wounded while eight are reported missing in action. At least 313 Pakistani infiltrators are also reported killed…."

India Today 6/19/99 "….. United Nations (UN) observer in Srinagar General Josef Bali has confirmed that heavily-armed Afghan warriors have crossed over the Line of Control (LoC) into India via Pakistan, media reports said here on Saturday. "There is a lot of indication that former Afghan fighters from the war against Russia are now fighting here. Weapons provided for Afghanistan with large help from the Americans and the CIA are now in the hands of the militants," Bali was quoted by the New York Times as saying. Bali also appealed to great powers "not to sit back and let this situation play out" "Where there is a great imbalance of conventional forces (between India and Pakistan), the nuclear threshold may be very low. The big powers cannot afford to sit back and let this situation play out," he said.

Despite incontrovertible evidence, Pakistan has rejected India´s charge that it is directly responsible for the infiltration and claims that the militants holed up in Drass and Kargil are freedom fighters fighting for Kashmiri self-determination. The paper also quoted militants from countries as apart as Indonesia, Sudan and Bahrain, fighting in Drass-Kargil, as saying that they were using skills learnt from the Americans to carve out an Islamic state in Kashmir….."

Reuters, The New York Times 6/20/99 "...India won key diplomatic support from the G8 group of major powers on Sunday in its battle with arch-foe Pakistan over Kashmir, as its troops wrested a key Himalayan height from guerrilla infiltrators. The G8 condemned the breach of the Line of Control in the territory and called for an end to the weeks-old fighting which has raged in the Kargil area inside the ceasefire line dividing the bitterly disputed region between the two nations...."

The Indian Express Agencies 6/22/99 "...In one of the strongest indictments of Pakistan by any foreign government yet, Germany has termed as "irresponsible'' Pakistan's attempt to change the status quo on the Line of Control. Wolfgang Massing, head of the Asia desk at the Germany ministry of foreign affairs, says he has information that apart from Afghan militants, the Pakistani Army was involved in the intrusion in Kargil, violating the LoC...."

AP 6/22/99 "...India's heavy artillery guns stare across the barbed wire fence at Pakistan, its enemy in three wars. From their towers, the Pakistani heavy weapons stare back. For the first time in nearly 30 years the border between the uneasy neighbors is taking on signs of another possible war. The Pakistani military warned today that hopes for peace in the region are ``fading.'' There are reports that India has deployed 35,000 fresh troops on their side of the border. Residents on both sides have been fleeing border villages. The tensions have centered on India's campaign to drive hundreds of Islamic fighters from mountain positions they seized in the Indian-controlled part of the disputed Himalayan territory of Kashmir. But the hostilities over Kashmir have led to direct clashes between the world's two newest nuclear powers, who have fought two wars over the divided territory since their independence in 1947. In fighting since early May, Indian forces have been making slow but steady progress in close combat to push back the fighters in Kashmir, going peak to peak to seize back positions....." 6/23/99 Seema Guha "...Going by the rhetoric on both sides, India and Pakistan appear one step closer to war. Stung by its isolation in the international community, Pakistan on Tuesday mounted a fresh diplomatic putsch even while its army belted out a stiff warning to India. The Nawaz Sharif government has come under fire at home for the G-8 statement which clearly took into account the Indian position in Kargil. Reports from Pakistan suggest extraordinary security arrangements in the wake of the Pakistan foreign ministry accusing India of being on the ``war-path'' and warning that any ``misadventure'' across the LoC would be ``rued'' by New Delhi...."

The Indian Express 6/23/99 "...Two influential senators in the U.S. congress have squarely blamed Pakistan for the infiltration into Kargil and called for bipartisan support for "the actions taken by the state department aimed at compelling Pakistan to immediately withdraw its troops from India." "The responsibility for the unnecessary deaths and casualties as well as displacement of thousands of innocent civilians resulting from the recent fighting (in Kargil) falls squarely on the infiltrators and their patrons in the Pakistani military," republican Bejamin Gilman and democrat Sam Gejdenson said in a letter to fellow congressmen...."

The Indian Express 6/24/99 "...In a major development, U.S. president Bill Clinton has rushed one of his top military generals to Islamabad for talks with Pakistan's civil and military officials ''to pursue the United States' concern about ending the fighting in the Kargil sector of Kashmir.'' Commander-in-chief of the United States' central command general Anthony Zinni is accompanied by deputy assistant secretary of state Gibson Lanpher. Lanpher is in the office of assistant secretary of state for south Asian affairs Karl Inderfurth, reports UNI...."

The Associated Press 6/26/99 S M Quereshi "...Pakistan appeared to admit for the first time today that it had a hand in troops battling Indian forces in the disputed Kashmir region, but it rebuffed U.S. calls to withdraw its forces. ....Until today, Pakistan denied any role with the fighters, saying they were Kashmiri Muslims battling for independence from India..... New Delhi claims Islamabad backed the incursion to change the 1972 cease-fire line dividing the Himalayan region, which has been at the center of two previous wars between the two new nuclear powers. Pakistani Army chief Parvez Musharraf was asked by journalists in the port city of Karachi today if Pakistan would withdraw its forces from the Kargil area of Kashmir. He replied: ``It is too early to say (but) it's a government decision. It is the prime minister's decision. We will not withdraw unilaterally.'' ...."

The Indian Express 6/27/99 "...About 80 million people, two-thirds of Bangladesh's population of 125 million, face arsenic poisoning from drinking well water, a new study has said. The three-month study published yesterday tested water from 12,000 wells across Bangladesh. Sixty percent were tainted by arsenic poisoning up to four milligrams per litre of water, said Mahmudur Rahman of the private Dhaka community hospital, which conducted the study with researchers from India's Jadavpur University. The World Health Organisation's (WHO) safety standard for arsenic in water is a maximum of 0.01 milligrams per litre...."

The Indian Express 6/27/99 "...A senior U.S. official has hinted at blocking a $100 million IMF loan to Pakistan unless it quickly withdraws from the Indian side of the Line of Control (LoC) in Kashmir. "Impoverished Pakistan cannot afford a full-scale war and is counting on receiving a $100 million loan next month from the IMF. Washington could hold up those funds to pressure Pakistan," the Washington Post quoted the State Department official as saying, reports PTI....."

The Times of India 6/28/99 Sumir Kaul "... The personal bodyguards of Saudi billionaire terrorist Osama Bin Laden, better known as ``Al Quaida'', are reported to be fighting in Kargil and Drass areas of north Jammu and Kashmir even as some of the cadres have conveyed their displeasure in carrying on with the battle, official sources said here on Sunday. The bodyguards are fighting along with Harkat-ul-Ansar, Lashkar-e-Toiba and Al-Bad groups besides Pakistani army regulars, the sources said...."

BBC News 6/24/99 "...Pakistan has urged the American government to "broaden their view" on the fighting in Kashmir after a repeated call from a top-level US delegation for Pakistan to disengage in the region of conflict. A Pakistani foreign office spokesman made the comment after the US delegation had been discussing the situation with Pakistan's military leadership in Islamabad..... If the US did not take a wider view on the conflict, the Pakistani spokesman added, it would risk encouraging India to think about the war option. His remarks were seen as a reference to the American call for the militants fighting in Indian-administered Kashmir to be withdrawn - a request which Pakistan says it does not have the ability to enforce. For the past six weeks, India has conducted a military campaign to oust Islamic guerrillas from mountaintops inside its area of control in Kashmir...."

AFP 7/2/99"... Indian customs have detained a North Korean ship in the western port of Kandla on suspicion of carrying arms for arch-rival Pakistan, officials said Friday.Officials at the Kandla Port Trust told AFP the ship, Ku Wol Sun, was detained on Wednesday and was currently being searched by teams from the Customs and the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence."A team of defence experts are also expected today to search the ship," the official said...."

Fox News (REUTERS) 7/2/99 "...Pakistan warned India Friday of ''serious consequences'' if it widened the current conflict between the two nuclear-capable rivals in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir. A statement after a meeting of the key Defense Committee of the Cabinet that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif chaired said Pakistan was "prepared to deal with any eventuality and to give an effective response to any action of aggression.'' ..."

UNI 7/2/99 "...India has scored a decisive diplomatic victory with a US congressional panel rejecting plebiscite, most favoured by Pakistan, as a possible solution to the 50-year-old Kashmir dispute. The House International Relations Committee yesterday defeated by an 8-20 vote an amendment moved by Republican congressman Dana Rohrabacher asking the US to encourage India and Pakistan to hold a plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir, as envisaged in the 1948 U.N. Security Council resolution, to decide the future of the territory...."

Rediff On The Net 71/99 UNI "...India has received overwhelming support for its stand on the Kargil issue with the United States, China and Britain -- three permanent members of the UN Security Council -- asserting that the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir must be respected. At the end of a meeting of G-8 foreign ministers in New York, US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright yesterday said her country had been stressing that the Kargil issue must be resolved diplomatically She said the US desired that infiltrators, especially those being supported by Pakistani forces, be withdrawn from the LoC...."

The Associated Press 7/1/99 David Briscoe "...Coming down firmly against Pakistan, a House committee approved a resolution Thursday demanding the immediate withdrawal of Islamic forces that have pushed into Indian territory in the disputed region of Kashmir. One supporter praised India for its ``amazing restraint'' in responding to the crisis, even as Indian fighter jets and artillery struck the Islamic guerrillas that India said include Pakistani troops. Opponents said the resolution was unbalanced, but they failed in efforts to insert a call for India to hold free elections in Kashmir....."

The Associated Press 7/1/99 Krishnan Guruswamy "... Indian fighter jets pounded Islamic guerrillas entrenched on Himalayan mountaintops today, and ground troops inched toward a strategic peak near the Pakistan border. The round-the-clock airstrikes accompanied the fiercest fighting in seven weeks between Indian soldiers and secessionist Islamic fighters in Indian-held Kashmir. India says the opposing fighters include Pakistani soldiers who crossed the 1972 cease-fire line that divides Kashmir between the two neighbors...."

AP 7/1/99 "...India has gained control of five knife-edge Himalayan peaks in the fiercest fighting of a seven-week battle to oust separatist Islamic guerrillas, military officials said Wednesday. Indian soldiers hauled the bodies of 25 dead comrades down snowy cliffs Wednesday as Indian officers announced their forces had captured a key 16,830-foot peak following a night of shelling and gunbattles. That battle Tuesday claimed at least 65 lives, Indian officials said. The peak was the last of five on a ridge leading to strategic Tiger Hill, which overlooks India's National Highway 1, the lifeline for northern Kashmir...."

The Independent (UK) 7/1/99 "...Pakistan would use nuclear weapons if a full-scale war broke out, the country's religious affairs minister said yesterday, as a further 100,000 Indian soldiers were deployed along the Kashmir border. "Nuclear weapons were not meant to be kept on the shelf if the security of the motherland was threatened," Zafarul Haq was reported as saying by the semi-autonomous News Network International...."

The Times of India 7/1/99 "...Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee said here on Wednesday that India was prepared to face a nuclear attack from Pakistan. Asked about Pakistan's reported threat to use the nuclear bomb, he said: ``We are prepared for all eventualities.'' ..... Mr Vajpayee sought to assure the people that India would effectively use the international support it had earned in the world by observing restraint despite the intrusion by Pakistan. The Kargil intrusion was separate from the Kashmir problem...."


Reuters 7/4/99 "...``I am delighted to tell you that a battalion of the Grenadiers recaptured Tiger Hill after a long and bloody battle,'' a senior defense official told Reuters on condition of anonymity, referring to the 15,060-foot peak that commanded a vital stretch of the Indian highway through northern Kashmir...."

Washington Post 7/13/99 Pamela Constable "…A somber and visibly tense Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said tonight that he was "trying to avoid a nuclear war" by asking Islamic militant groups to withdraw from the mountains of Indian Kashmir, where they have been battling Indian troops for seven weeks. In a televised speech to the nation, Sharif invited Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to meet with him, saying it was "very sad we have not resolved the Kashmir issue," even after India and Pakistan have fought two wars over the disputed territory….. Several major Islamic militant groups here continued to assert today they would not withdraw from the conflict along the Line of Control, and Pakistani officials continued to disavow any direct knowledge of their actions, insisting the groups are operating independently of Pakistani control. In New Delhi, Indian officials acknowledged that the withdrawal of Pakistani-backed fighters--whom the Indian government says include Pakistani troops--had begun, but they insisted it was "a mere formality" because Indian forces had succeeded in recapturing most of the terrain the militant groups occupied in April….."

The Indian Express 7/13/99 "…Major Afghan opposition groups have alleged that Pakistan military has amassed eight to ten thousand mercenaries and its regulars for a major summer offensive in Jammu and Kashmir and Afghanistan, and called on U.S. President Bill Clinton to impose punitive sanctions against the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). Labelling the Kargil incursions as only a part of the "hidden agenda of ISI", Afghan opposition groups, including Jamaat-i-Islami of former president Burhanuddin Rabbani, Hezb-i-Wahdat, Ismaili forces and Uzbek groups, said thousands of Pakistani mercenaries and army regulars had begun pouring into Afghanistan for an imminent offensive…."

Indian Express 7/11/99 Chianand Rajghata "…India's interception of a North Korean ship carrying missile parts and blue prints to Pakistan appears to have reopened a pandora's box and shown up conclusive proof of what the United States has been selectively fretting about in recent times: Proliferation of advanced ballistic technology and weapons between rogue and militaristic regimes.North Korea and Pakistan have long been prime suspects in the proliferation game, but Washington, rather than confront Pyong Yong, has been trying to buy out its advanced missile and nuclear program with food and aid. But the totalitarian regime itself has been having its food and selling its missiles too. In Pakistan's case, Washington has been winking at its acquisitions. But it now turns out that the Clinton administration can't help being concerned about the developments, particularly the possibility of Pakistan exporting its nuclear and ballistic advances, a move advocated recently by some of its more zealous leaders like former ISI (Pakistan's CIA) chief Hamid Gul…."

The Times of India 7/14/99 Mahendra Ved "…If the dead really tell a tale, there's probably good reason for the Pakistanis to refuse to accept the bodies of their countrymen sent out to capture Kargil. At last count, there were over 600 bodies of Pakistani infiltrators strewn over the vast expanse of the battle zone in Kargil. The matter was taken up with Pakistan's Director-General of Military Operations, Maj-Gen Tauqir Zia, when he met his Indian counterpart, Lt-Gen N C Vijh, at Attari last Sunday. But the former is understood to have washed his hands of the responsibility for receiving the bodies. Official figures are still being collected. Sources in the government say Indian troops have buried about 300 infiltrators in the past two months. ``They faced problems doing this in the midst of a war and inclement weather. It is difficult to dig a grave in rocky terrain. At times, bodies were simply covered up with boulders, or left in crevices. That was the best our boys could do,'' a senior officer said…."

Ft Worth Star-Telegram/New York Times 7/11/99 William Safire "…A cry for self-determination is again sending shudders through world capitals. This time it's in Kasmir, a lovely land coveted by autocratic Pakistan, most of it occupied by 600,000 troops of democratic India Pakistan unofficially sent a small force across the "Line of Control" to take up mountain peak positions, and the Indian army is fighting--literally uphill--to drive them back. The purpose of Pakistan's raid is to get world attention paid to India's unwillingness to negotiate the status of Kashmir, which both sides claim…."

The Pioneer 7/12/99 "…A day after Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee asserted that the "enemy's intursion in Kargil had been decisively turned back", the Government on Sunday announced that Pakistani infiltrators had begun to withdraw from Indian territory in Kashmir. It also said that it expected the pullout to be completed in a week. The Government's announcement coincided with the meeting of Director General of Military of Operations (DGMOs) of the two countries at Atari. "We have some evidence of withdrawal already taking place in the Kargil region," National Security Adviser Brajesh Mishra said. He said, "Within seven days the status quo ante of the Line of Control (LOC) will be restored if it goes according to plan"…."

Agence France-Presse; Rediff On The Net 7/13/99 Mukhtar Ahmad "…Crack Indian commandos rescued Wednesday 12 people taken hostage in Kashmir by Moslem separatists who stormed a high-security paramilitary camp, killing four people. A source in the Border Security Force (BSF) said men from India's elite National Security Guard, flown in from New Delhi on Tuesday, started the rescue operation at 5:30 a.m. (0000 UTC) in the BSF camp at Bandipur, about 65 kilometres (40 miles) north of the Kashmir summer capital Shrinagar….."

The Telegraph, India 7/14/99 Deepankar Ganguly "…Investigators probing the blast at New Jalpaiguri railway station have identified the explosive as the same that was used in the Oklahoma bombing in 1995 where 168 people were killed. They have also identified the six people suspected to be responsible for the June 22 blast, which took nine lives. They said the explosive was not RDX, as believed at first, but ammonium nitrate fuel oil (Anfo), used for the first time in the country…."

Reuters 7/16/99 "….Secretary of State Madeleine Albright will meet Indian Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh in Singapore later this month in a bid to encourage the resumption of direct talks between New Delhi and Islamabad, a senior official said Friday. ``That meeting is on,'' the official said…."

UPI 7/17/99 Harbaksh Singh Nanda "….Indian troops have reached the border known as the Line of Control in several sectors of Kashmir, although some Islamic insurgents have not yet withdrawn from their mountain redoubts. The deadline for the guerrilla's departure passed today, but the Indian army is holding its fire this afternoon and giving them more time to pull out of the disputed mountain region. India had vowed to start shooting at any of the Pakistani-backed insurgents still on Indian soil at first light today…"

The Times of India 7/15/99 "…The discovery of missile components in a North Korean ship docked at Kandla should alert the West to the danger the Hermit Kingdom's northern half poses to not just East Asia but other parts of the world as well. The missile components were described in the ship's manifest as water purification equipment but inspection by DRDO experts has revealed their true purpose. The destination was listed as Malta but Indian intelligence sources are convinced the ship's deadly cargo was to have been unloaded in Karachi. It is well known that North Korea is a mercurial, unstable and highly unpredictable state. What makes it worse is that it is indigent as well. So indigent, in fact, that it compounded its sin of a clandestine missile sale to Pakistan with the folly of stopping in Bangkok to pick up a consignment of sugar for India…."

AP 7/17/99 "…Authorities have arrested the senior officers of a North Korean ship that was detained last month for allegedly carrying equipment to manufacture missiles, a newspaper reported Saturday. India suspects the shipment was headed for Pakistan…."

AP 7/16/99 "…The State Department said Friday it has received a growing body of information strongly suggesting that extremists based in Afghanistan are preparing to attack U.S. interests in Pakistan in the near future. In a travel warning, the department noted that reputed international terrorist Osama bin Laden, who is on the FBI's 10 most wanted list, lives in Afghanistan and has supporters in Pakistan. Bin Laden is wanted for bombings of American embassies last August in Kenya and Tanzania…."

Curt Weldon Los Angeles Times Editorials; Metro; Part B; Page 9; Op Ed Desk 5/21/98 "...Escalating tensions between India and Pakistan should come as no surprise to the Clinton administration. ...In November 1992, the United States learned that China had transferred M-11 missiles to Pakistan. The Bush administration imposed sanctions for this violation but Clinton waived them a little more than 14 months later. Clearly, the sanctions did not have the desired effect: Reports during the first half of 1995 indicated that M-11 missiles, additional M-11 missile parts, as well as 5,000 ring magnets for Pakistani nuclear enrichment programs were transferred from China. Despite these clear violations, no sanctions were imposed. And it gets worse. ..."

Curt Weldon Los Angeles Times Editorials; Metro; Part B; Page 9; Op Ed Desk 5/21/98 "...Not to be outdone by its sworn foe, India aggressively pursued similar technologies and obtained them, illicitly, from Russia. From 1991 to 1995, Russian entities transferred cryogenic liquid oxygen-hydrogen rocket engines and technology to India. While sanctions were imposed by President Bush in May 1992, the Clinton administration allowed them to expire after only two years. And in June 1993, evidence surfaced that additional Russian enterprises were involved in missile technology transfers to India. The administration imposed sanctions in June 1993, and then promptly waived them for a month, never following up on the issue...."

Curt Weldon Los Angeles Times Editorials; Metro; Part B; Page 9; Op Ed Desk 5/21/98 "...Meanwhile, Pakistan continued to aggressively pursue technology transfers from China. In August 1996, the capability to manufacture M-11 missile or missile components was transferred from China to Pakistan. No sanctions. In November 1996, a special industrial furnace and high-tech diagnostic equipment were transferred from China to an unprotected Pakistani nuclear facility. No sanctions. Also during 1996, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency issued a report stating that China had provided a "tremendous variety" of technology and assistance for Pakistan's ballistic missile program and was the principal supplier of nuclear equipment for Pakistan's program. Again, the Clinton administration refused to impose sanctions...."

Curt Weldon Los Angeles Times Editorials; Metro; Part B; Page 9; Op Ed Desk 5/21/98 "...Finally, in recent months we have learned that China may have been responsible for the transfer of technology for Pakistan's Ghauri medium-range ballistic missile. Flight tested on April 6, 1998, the Ghauri missile has been widely blamed as the impetus for India's decision to detonate five nuclear weapons in tests earlier this month. Again, no sanctions were imposed on China. Retracing the history of these instances of proliferation, it is obvious that Pakistan and India have been locked in an arms race since the beginning of the decade. And the race has been given repeated jump-starts by China and Russia, a clear violation of a number of arms control agreements. Yet rather than enforce these arms control agreements, the Clinton administration has repeatedly acquiesced, fearing that the imposition of sanctions could either strain relations with China and Russia or potentially hurt U.S. commercial interests in those countries....""

The Hindu 7/22/99 UNI "...India scored a major victory in the US House of representatives today when it rejected by a majority an amendment, seeking to deny American military assistance to New Delhi for its failure to support the United States in the United Nations' General Assembly. ..."

The Hindustan Times 7/26/99 Francois Gautier "…Bernard Imhasly in his piece Role of foreign correspondents, disagrees with me because I have written that most of the foreign correspondents´ interest in India is generally for "the macabre and the negative, the folklore, the superfluous, and the politically correct". I stand by that statement! And I am surprised that he says: "Although it is true that much of (foreign) reporting on India is negative, India is hardly alone in being singled out by journalists!" Because the truth is that when it comes to Europe or the US, Western journalists become singularly tolerant. Look at Kosovo for instance: the bias of the Western media for NATO was so blatant -- that at moments it became laughable! ….Unfortunately, journalists are playing one of the most dangerous roles at the end of the 20th century. We do not report on news, we make them. We even fabricate them when there is nothing to report about. We manipulate world opinion: When the West has a certain bias -- say against the Serbs -- powerful media like the BBC or CNN, are able to turn everybody against them. But when we do like someone, even if it is for the wrong reasons, then we turn a blind eye. …"

BBC 7/25/99 Alastair Lawson "…British customs officials have confirmed they have intercepted material which they believe could have been used towards the development of nuclear weapons in Pakistan. A senior customs official told the BBC that the cargo included a substantial quantity of high grade aluminium which is commonly used in making nuclear weapons. The official said the cargo has been impounded because the ship carrying it did not have the proper licence. While it is difficult to prove conclusively that the impounded cargo was intended to develop nuclear weapons, customs officials say it is a possibility…."

Voice of America 8/1/99 Anhana Pasricha "...Indian troops have killed six Islamic militants in Indian Kashmir. Anjana Pasricha reports from New Delhi, a week after Muslim intruders were pushed back from the Himalayan Region, artillery shelling continues between India and Pakistan across the Kashmir line of control...."

AFP 8/2/99 "...Indian and Chinese military officials have held secret talks to defuse tensions created by China's construction of a road in a disputed border area. A senior Indian army intelligence official in Kashmir said Monday that officials from both sides had met after the Indo-Tibetan Border Police discovered the construction work last month. ...."

The Associated Press 7/29/99 "...- India will extend a $25 million loan to Iraq in a deal that violates U.N. trade sanctions imposed on Iraq for invading Kuwait in 1990, India's oil minister said Thursday. The credit agreement is the first of its kind since the U.N. embargo was imposed on Iraq nine years ago, prohibiting unauthorized financial dealings with the country. V.K. Ramamurthy, India's minister of oil and gas, acknowledged the grant would violate U.N. sanctions, but said his country would never allow a friend like Iraq to suffer. ``India is deeply concerned about the situation in Iraq,'' Ramamurthy said, adding that the Indian government will offer Iraq ``all the political, material and moral support'' it needs to rid itself of U.N. sanctions...." 7/30/99 Patrick Goodenough "...Reports out of Pakistan Friday say the Saudi-born Islamist terror suspect, Osama bin Laden, plans to leave his hideout in Afghanistan for an as-yet undisclosed Muslim country, because he fears an imminent American military strike against him. The Afghan Islamic Press, based in northwestern Pakistan, cited sources close to Bin Laden as confirming the decision was taken "because of expected attacks from the United States."....According to various reports disseminated by the Pakistan News Service, monitored by Friday, anti-Western and pro-Bin Laden sentiment is on the rise in Pakistan. Last week two Islamic groups held a large demonstration in Karachi in support of the Taliban and Bin Laden, and warned that "the religious forces of Pakistan" would respond if the U.S. bombed Afghanistan...."

Rediff On The Net 8/4/99 Paul Taylor "...Western governments are concerned that Saudi Arabia may be seeking to acquire a nuclear weapons capability after its defence minister visited Pakistan's secret nuclear facilities, a senior British official has said. Saudi Defence Minister, Prince Sultan toured the Kahuta uranium enrichment plant and missile factory with Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharief in early May and was briefed by A Q Khan, the father of Pakistan's atom bomb, diplomatic sources said....."

AFP 8/5/99 "...Afghan opposition commander Ahmad Shah Masood played down the sweeping gains made by the Taliban in recent days blaming outside intervention alongside the Islamic militia in comments published here Tuesday. The Taliban's capture of the strategic Bagram airbase after heavy fighting Sunday and Monday "does not constitute a major loss ... since we stopped using it a long time ago," Masood insisted in an overnight satellite telephone interview with a Beirut Arabic daily. The airbase "could easily be targetted with heavy weapons by the Taliban" so the opposition had long relied on the "safer" option of reinforcing its positions by land, the opposition commander told Al-Mustaqbal....Masood blamed intervention by Pakistani and Arab forces for the new advances by the Taliban which already controlled more than 80 percent of the country before its latest gains. "A large number of Pakistani regular forces and hundreds of Arab elements are fighting with the Taliban," he said. On Friday, Taliban chief Mulla Mohammad Omar denied that Pakistani soldiers were involved in the militia's offensive and Islamabad also denied the charges. Masood said the irregular forces fighting alongside the Taliban included supporters of Afghanistan-based Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden, who is on Washington's most wanted list for his suspected role in two deadly bomb attacks on US embassies in east Africa last year...."

NATIONAL PRESS CLUB 8/6/99 "...We have high hopes that they will indeed be able to deliver bin Laden or any of his assistants. But beyond what we know or don't know about the inner dynamics of the Pakistani government, there is a very, very simple objective logic to it. Bin Laden is the hottest commodity. The moment they hand him over to the United States, alive or dead, they're not going to have it any more. They will not be able to dangle it and to trade it for support, understanding or anything else from the West. So it does not serve their national purpose to hand him over. Furthermore, as Pakistan is getting more and more into a variety of rogue-state behavior in the nuclear field and vis-a-vis India, they need greater and greater, quote "understanding," unquote, from the United States. Therefore, they need to heighten and to increase the value of the bin Laden commodity. And the only way to increase the value of the bin Laden commodity is to make the United States want him even more. And why should we want him even more? After he strikes again...."

BBC 8/8/99 "...India's Prime Minister, Atal Behari Vajpayee, has called on the United States to declare Pakistan a terrorist state. He was speaking at a rally in the northern state of Punjab - bordering Pakistan - at the start of his campaign for September's general election. Delhi accuses Islamabad of supporting insurgents in Indian-administered Kashmir. Addressing large crowds, Mr. Vajpayee accused Pakistan of renewed cross-border attacks in Kashmir, and said it was trying to open up new fronts with India. "Peace with Pakistan is not possible until Pakistan withdraws the terrorists. I assure the countrymen that the neighbours will not be allowed to succeed in their attempts," Mr. Vajpayee told supporters in the industrial town of Ludhiana. Pakistan has denied involvement in the 10-week military conflict in the Kargil sector of Kashmir...."


Reuters 8/10/99 "...A Qatari satellite television station said two U.S. military planes landed at airports in Pakistan Monday with dozens of commandos in apparent preparation for a strike against Afghan-based guerrilla leader Osama bin Laden. Al-Jazeerah television, monitored in Jordan, said the two planes landed at the same time - one at Islamabad airport and the other at a nearby airport. Dozens of U.S. commandos emerged, taking up combat positions near the planes and barring anyone from approaching the area, it said...."

Reuters 8/9/99 "...The United States on Monday denied a report by a Qatari satellite television station that two U.S. military planes had landed at airports in Pakistan with commandos in apparent preparation for a strike against Afghan-based guerrilla leader Osama bin Laden. ``This is an inaccurate report and should not be taken seriously,'' David Leavy, a spokesman for the National Security Council at the White House, told Reuters...."

ecologic magazine 11/97 Henry Lamb "... Al-Jazeerah television, monitored in Jordan, said the two planes landed at the same time -- one at Islamabad airport and the other at a nearby airport. It said dozens of U.S. commandos emerged, taking up combat positions near the planes and barring anyone from approaching the area. The Pentagon declined immediate comment but Leavy quickly denied the report. Another senior U.S. official, who asked not to be identified, also said there was no truth to it...."

Reuters Yahoo 8/10/99 "...Two Indian combat jets shot down a Pakistani maritime patrol aircraft Tuesday, a move Pakistan immediately branded as ``unprovoked aggression,'' saying it reserved the right to make an ``appropriate response.'' India said the reconnaissance and anti-submarine aircraft had intruded into its airspace off the coast of the western state of Gujarat at 11:15 a.m. local time and was attacked with an air-to-air missile when it refused to land...."

Washington Post (AP) 8/10/99 Zahid Hussain "...Indian fighter planes shot down a Pakistani surveillance aircraft today. Foreign Minister Sartaj Aziz said 16 servicemen were killed. Both of the nuclear-armed neighbors claimed the plane was shot down in their territory. The French-built Atlantic-I aircraft was on a training mission when it was shot down near a small coastal town, Aziz said. ``Pakistan reserves the right to make an appropriate response in self-defense,'' he said. Aziz said wreckage of the aircraft was found a mile inside Pakistani territory...."

UPI 8/10/99 "...The Clinton administration warns Americans (Tuesday) that they should avoid travel in the tribal areas of northwest Pakistan along the frontier with Afghanistan, where indicted bomber Osama Bin Laden has found safe haven. The State Department says there is a "growing body of information" suggesting Bin Laden, who has been indicted for masterminding the bombing last year of American embassies in east Africa, is planning an attack against U.S. interests in the Northwest Frontier Provinces of Pakistan. .." via Reuters 8/10/99 "...The United States appealed for restraint and dialogue by India and Pakistan Tuesday after India shot down a Pakistani military plane. State Department spokesman James Rubin said U.S. officials were making the appeal to the two governments while trying to find out exactly what happened. ``In ascertaining the facts, the message that we will be sending and probably have sent by now is to urge restraint, because we don't want to see the situation grow and we want the two sides to resolve their differences through dialogue,'' he told his daily briefing. ..."

UPI 8/10/99 Anwar Iqbal "...Pakistan says it "reserves the right" to respond to the downing of one of its patrol planes by India in the southern border region between the two rival neighbors, although there has been no indication of an immediate military response. Sixteen Navy officers and enlisted men were killed in the incident today in southern Sindh province. Foreign Minister Sartaj Aziz told reporters in Islamabad: "The responsibility for this wanton and cowardly act, as well as its consequences, rests squarely with India. Pakistan reserves the right to make an appropriate response in self-defense," ..."

Reuters 8/11/99 "...Pakistan fired a missile at an Indian helicopter carrying journalists to the crash site of a downed Pakistani patrol plane off the western Indian state of Gujarat Wednesday, Star News Television said. A Star News reporter who was aboard one of three MI-17s said they dived sharply to just above sea level after the lead helicopter reported a missile flash. India's foreign ministry spokesman and a senior Indian defense official both said they knew nothing of such an incident. Tuesday, an Indian MiG-21 jet fighter shot down a Pakistani reconnaissance and anti-submarine aircraft off the Gujarat coast. India said the plane had strayed into its airspace...."

SPECIAL TO WORLD TRIBUNE.COM 8/11/99 "...U.S. military planes carrying commandos have landed in Pakistan in what appears to be the start of an offensive against Saudi fugitive bomber Osama Bin Laden, Arab reports said. The reports said the U.S. warplanes landed in Islamabad on Monday. The United States has denied the report.

Bin Laden is believed to be hiding in Afghanistan and the ruling Taliban faction have called on Muslims to stop the incursion by Washington. Al-Jazeerah television, monitored by the BBC in Jordan, said the two planes landed at two airports around Islamabad. It said dozens of U.S. military commandos took up combat positions near the planes and barred anyone from approaching the area. Al-Jazeerah reported that the operation was in apparent preparation for a military strike against Bin Laden. Bin Laden has been accused by the United States of having responsibility for the bombing of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania a year ago that killed at least 226 people, including 12 Americans. Earlier, the Afghani opposition on Monday accused the ruling Taliban of massacring hundreds of villagers in territory north of Kabul captured and occupied for three days last week...."

Fox News 8/11/99 Neelsh Misra "...Pakistani troops fired a surface-to-air missile Wednesday toward three Indian military helicopters flying over a marshy border region where India had shot down a Pakistani plane the day before. Pakistan said it fired at two Indian fighter jets escorting the helicopters, which were carrying journalists to the crash site. Pakistani soldiers near the wreckage have set up mortars, anti-aircraft missiles and machine guns - all pointing toward the border with India...." PTI 8/12/99 "...DUBAI: The privately-owned Qatari television Al Jazeera has stood by its report that US military planes had landed in Pakistan with commandos to strike at terrorist mastermind and Saudi dissident Osama Bin Laden in Afghanistan. The television's correspondent in Islamabad in a late night telecast on Tuesday said his information came both from well-informed Pakistani sources and the Pakistan-backed Taliban, which is fighting to extend its control over the remaining 10 per cent of territory in Afghanistan. The correspondent said the US embassy in Islamabad had been secretly evacuating its diplomatic staff fearing retaliation from the Taliban backers. Already about 75 Americans had left Pakistan....."

The Indian Express 8/12/99 "...A leading U.S. Congressman has hailed India as a "model for other Asian nations and developing countries everywhere" and a "force for stability and cooperation in the strategically vital South Asia region." "India has stuck to the path of free and fair elections, a multiparty political system and the orderly transfer of power from one government to its successor," Frank Pallone, former co-chairman of the Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans, said in his Independence day message introduced in the Congressional records ..."

The Washington Post Company 8/13/99 "...THE LATEST shootings on the India-Pakistan border signify big trouble. They suggest that last month's cooling of war threats exchanged by the two countries is transient and unstable. Worse, they suggest that the two consider the threat of another, fourth war -- which in their new circumstances could well be nuclear -- a plausible line of policy. India and Pakistan are carelessly and arrogantly ignoring their responsibility to step back from the nuclear brink. ....."

Associated Press 8/16/99 "...India can build a neutron bomb and nuclear weapons of ``any type or size,'' scientists who planned last year's nuclear tests said today. Rajagopal Chidambaram, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, said it would not be difficult to build neutron bombs, which produce a smaller blast than conventional nuclear weapons but have more intense radiation. Neutron bombs limit structural damage while killing large numbers of people...." 8/15/99 Julian West "...INDIA is facing a new offensive from Islamic militants following a decision by Pakistan's military chiefs to allow more than 1,000 heavily armed mercenaries to open another front in Kashmir. The bands of predominantly Pakistani irregulars are mounting daily attacks on Indian security positions. They claimed to have killed three members of the Rashtriya Rifles, a counter- insurgency wing of the army, in an attack yesterday on a camp at Mansbal, 20 miles from Srinagar, summer capital of the troubled state of Jammu and Kashmir...." 8/17/99 Seema Guha "…Raising the pitch against Islamic terrorism India issued Monday a strong statement on events in faraway Dagestan, where Islamic militants are aiming to break away from the Russian federation. Facing a similar problem in Kashmir, where the separatist uprising has been hijacked by extremist elements and help from neighbouring Pakistan, India was quick to sympathise with Russia, an old friend and ally. Expressing concern over developments in Dagestan, India said, ``Separatists and extremists are spreading terror there. We have seen reports of external involvement. India has consistently opposed the use of terrorism and extremism to achieve political ends, both nationally and internationally.'' New Delhi's campaign against Pakistan is now focussed on terrorism which it accuses Islamabad of exporting to India. It blames Pakistan for installing the fundamentalist Taliban regime in Afghanistan which in turn aids terrorists like Osama Bin Laden to spread his network far and wide, threatening not just India but the world at large…."

Russia Today 8/17/99 AFP "…India on Monday expressed its concerns over the conflict in the southern Russian republic of Dagestan and offered its support to Moscow. "The government of India is concerned over the developments in Dagestan... [where] separatists and extremists are spreading terror," the foreign ministry said in a statement. According to Russia on Monday, 600 Islamic insurgents have been killed in the fighting since they crossed over from Chechnya and seized control of several villages in Dagestan on August 7. India on Monday said it had seen reports of external support being given to the Islamic rebels fighting the government forces in the troubled republic…."

SCMP 8/20/99 Agencies "…Pakistan warned yesterday that it would make its nuclear weapons "operational" if rival India did so. The warning followed clashes at a UN disarmament conference yesterday between the two feuding South Asian neighbours over nuclear developments on the subcontinent. Pakistani Foreign Secretary Shamshad Ahmed said that if India readied its nuclear weapons, "Pakistan will be obliged to follow suit". …. "

TimesofIndia 8/20/99 Mahendra Ved "…For the unemployed Uighur Muslim youths, a six-month contract for $20,000 to wage a "jehad", be it Kargil, Kabul or Dagestan, is an attractive proposition when compared to the average $25 salary if they were employed. They get enrolled in Xinjiang in China where they are targeted for their religious beliefs and political opposition to Beijing. They also come from the neighbouring Central Asian Republics of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where their activities are under constant watch by the authorities, ostensibly under Chinese pressure. A score of them were killed in Kargil, and the matter was taken up with the Chinese. The trend, reflecting the foreign-sponsored spread of religious extremism, has caused concern among the Central Asian Republics, forcing the governments to act. Authoritative reports here say Pakistan's ISI representatives recruit these youths either as tourists or students. They also travel as Hajis, and when the pilgrimage is over, they disappear. Once the journey begins, the youths' parents receive the money. "In Central Asian context, this is big money. So, even if the son does not return home, the family is well off," says an Asian diplomat who has been monitoring these movements. They travel on passports of different Islamic nationalities, which can be procured at a price…."

New York Times 8/22/99 Barry Bearak "…For the past week, many of India's political elite have been thinking about that most chilling of subjects: the hows and whys of building a nuclear arsenal. Occasioning this reflection was a six-page document titled "Indian Nuclear Doctrine." The paper was prepared by a government-appointed advisory board, and while it has been labeled a "draft" and lacks the stamp of official policy, it was made public Tuesday by National Security Advisor Brajesh Mishra. He assured reporters that the contents should be taken "very seriously." Much of the doctrine echoes what India has been saying for some time: it has a "right" to possess nuclear weapons, but it will never be the first to use them. It requires an arsenal that provides "credible minimum deterrence" against an enemy's nuclear attack…."

Ha'aretz 8/22/99 Ronen Bergman "…Two weeks ago the international court in The Hague set February 4, 2000, as the date for the opening of its deliberations on the explosion of the Pan Am passenger plane over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988. Symbolically, the court made its announcement almost exactly one year after the attacks on the American embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam.The two events are closely inter-related. Sources in the Central Intelligence Agency's counter-terrorism section (known as CTC) told Ha'aretz that they were outraged by the failure to probe the connection of the secret services of Afghanistan and Pakistan to terrorist attacks. Unlike the determination shown by the United States against Libya in the Pan Am incident, these sources said, Washington does not want to know the whole truth about the attacks on the embassies, as this would force it to punish states where it has various interests, such as Pakistan…." 8/21/99 Tahir Ikram Reuters "…A prominent Pakistani Muslim scholar said Saturday the United States was waging war on Muslims and that it was the duty of all Muslims to retaliate. Mufti Nizam-ud-din Shamzai, president of Majlis Taiwan-e-Islami, which has a large following among Sunni Muslims in Pakistan and neighboring Afghanistan, decreed that all Muslims should boycott the United States and its Western allies…."

Time 9/7/99 Tony Karon "…Good thing there are no serious issues at stake in India's election, because an election would be unlikely to settle them. The world's largest democracy begins voting Sunday for the third time in as many years, in a month-long balloting process involving 600 million voters. But the poll looks unlikely to break the stalemate that began in the early '90s when support for all-India parties began to decline at the expense of a dizzying array of regional and parochial competitors, forcing the big parties into shaky coalitions. …."

The Hindu 9/7/99 Qamar Agha "….Pakistan is engaged in yet another proxy war in Afghanistan, where the Islamabad-backed Taliban militia is fighting a bloody conflict with the forces of Mr. Ahmad Shah Masood, a Tajik leader belonging to the Northern Alliance opposed to the Pashtoon- dominated Government. It is a fight to the finish for the Taliban which wants to eliminate the Opposition control in the remaining territory of Afghanistan. The Taliban's ``summer offensive'' in Afghanistan was also designed to make up for the losses the Pakistan army and the militants suffered in Kargil. Islamabad hoped that the Taliban victory would boost the morale of its forces and the militants and help contain the growing anti- government sentiments in Pakistan. …."

The Associated Press 9/2/99 "…A Christian man was attacked with bows and arrows and killed early today in a remote jungle village in eastern India, a local security official said. Press Trust of India news agency identified the dead man as the Rev. Aruldoss and said he was a Roman Catholic priest. But eastern Orissa state security official Ajit Tripathy said the victim may not have been a clergyman, and gave his name as Arun or Arum Doss. ``Whether he was a priest is not known, but he is a Christian,'' Tripathy said on private Star News television….The attack is the latest in a wave of violence against India's Christian community this year. The violence has been blamed on Hindu extremists, who claim missionaries buy or force conversions. Dozens of Christian churches and prayer halls have been damaged or destroyed…."

AFP 9/11/99 "... The Pakistani opposition late Saturday called a two-day strike in the southern province of Sindh to condemn police action to crush a public rally in Karachi and arrest its leaders. "We strongly condemn the brutal police action and appeal to the people to close their businesses on Sunday and Monday," opposition senator Iqbal Haider told a late night press conference in the port city. He said people should stay indoors during the strike to express solidarity. And he lashed out at police "high handedness". Opposition sources said police detained about 200 top leaders and opposition workers, and fired tear gas shells and used batons to disperse the participants on Saturday. About a dozen people were injured as a group threw stones at policemen wielding bamboo sticks, witnesses said. Opposition officials said police using "filthy" language "manhandled" their leaders....."

Fox News Online 9/13/99 Reuters "....A new U.S. intelligence report states publicly for the first time that Pakistan has received M-11 short-range ballistic missiles from China, raising once again the question of whether U.S. law warrants imposing tougher sanctions against Beijing, administration and congressional sources said Monday. The unqualified conclusion, contained on page five of the declassified intelligence report on missiles issued Thursday, states: "Pakistan has Chinese-supplied M-11 short-range ballistic missiles.'' The statement, which reflects the consensus of the U.S. intelligence community, revives a long-simmering dispute between the intelligence community and the policymakers. The State Department and the White House have long taken issue with such assessments, arguing that while Pakistan has acquired components of M-11 missiles, the evidence does not prove Islambad actually possesses complete systems. The issue of whether Pakistan possesses only missile components or whether it has full systems is significant because China could be subjected under U.S. law to more serious sanctions for such a transfer than have been imposed in the past. But imposing sanctions now could cause new problems in U.S. efforts to work cooperatively with Beijing on many issues and, administration officials said, they are unlikely to happen. ...."

The Associated Press, via News Plus 9/11/99 AP Zahid Hussain "....Police arrested hundreds of opposition supporters and their leaders to prevent them from staging an anti-government rally in the violent port city of Karachi on Saturday. Police fired hundreds of rounds of tear gas shells into a crowd of a few hundred, who had gathered in an eastern neighborhood to demonstrate against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, defying a day-old ban on demonstrations in southern Sindh. Protesters hurled rocks and bricks at the police, while shouting ``go Nawaz Sharif go.'' They also stormed police barricades. Witnesses said police beat demonstrators with steel tipped batons and clouds of tear gas hung heavy over the area. Two photographers were reportedly beaten and taken to a hospital bleeding. The police crackdown followed a government ban announced Friday on strikes and protest rallies in southern Sindh province, of which Karachi is the capital....."

The Deccan Herald, via News Plus 9/12/99 "....India today rejected as "intrusive" reports of a US official coming to India to discuss religious freedom. Instead, Nayee Dillee has asked the US to look elsewhere across the world, "where religious minorities are discriminated against by law and religious freedoms progressively curtailed." The Ministry of External Affairs spokesman said the Government was aware of press reports about the intention of a US official to visit India in the context of the release of an internal report by the US State Department on religious freedoms in different countries. "The Government of India has no plans or intention to invite such an official to India or to engage in discussion with any foreign Government or agency on these matters" asserted the spokesman in response to reports to Washington intending to send US Ambassador-at-large for International Religious Freedom, Robert Sieple, for parleys with Indian officials....."

The Associated Press, via News Plus 9/16/99 Kathy Gannon "…. An Islamic cleric has called for the killing of legislators who oppose Islamic law in Pakistan, generating outrage Thursday from opposition politicians and the Christian community. Maulana Ajmal Qadri, the leader of a breakaway faction of Jamiat-Ulema-e-Islam, or Party of Islamic Clerics, issued a religious edict earlier this week saying lawmakers opposing a constitutional amendment to impose Islamic law here deserve to die….."

Agence France-Presse, via News Plus 9/21/99 "....The ruling Hindu nationalist-led coalition will sweep most of the 344 seats where elections have been held so far in India's staggered national polls, an exit poll said on Tuesday. The poll conducted by the private Star TV network said Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee's BJP party would win 213 seats and the opposition Congress party would trail far behind with 90. Other national and regional parties were likely to have bagged 30 seats in the first three phases of the elections which ended on Saturday. ...."

Rediff On The Net, via News Plus 9/22/99 "..... (UNI) - Pakistan's Inter Services Intelligence chief, Lt Gen Ziauddin's, clandestine visit to the United States has set off speculations about the fate of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharief's two-year-old government that has been under strain at home after the Kargil conflict. Gen Ziauddin, who came here close on the heels of the visit last week of Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharief, younger brother of Prime Minister Sharief, had discussions with some senior US officials of the Clinton administration. Pakistani ambassador to the US, Tariq Fatimi, confirmed the arrival of Gen Ziauddin but said the embassy was not directly involved in the visit. The ISI chief is the guest of US military authorities and is expected to stay here for about a week, says Pakistani daily,The Nation. ...."

The Associated Press, via News Plus 9/22/99 Ranjan Roy ".... South Asian nuclear rivals India and Pakistan carried their hostilities to the U.N. General Assembly on Wednesday, accusing each other of pushing the fragile region toward a bloody conflict. Warning of nuclear ``doomsday'' in South Asia, Pakistan urged world leaders and the United Nations to stop India from developing a massive arsenal of atomic weapons. Last year, India became a nuclear power, and Pakistan matched India's first nuclear test within days. Pakistani Foreign Minister Sartaj Aziz said the world should not believe India's promise not to be the first of the two to use atomic weapons. ``Pakistan believes that it is now essential to convene a conference, with the participation of all permanent members of the Security Council ... to promote the goals of strategic restraint and stability in South Asia,'' Aziz told the General Assembly. ...." 9/23/99 "....0115 GMT, 990923 - Pakistan Coup Rumors Fly While coup rumors have circulated in Pakistan since the end of the Kashmir conflict in June, recent days have seen a surge in coup speculation during a particularly important week in Washington for Pakistan-U.S. relations. In an unexpected statement that stirred considerable speculation in Washington, an unnamed U.S. official told Reuters on Sept. 20, "We hope there will be no return to the days of interrupted democracy in Pakistan." The next day, State Department spokesman James Rubin said the department believed "the Pakistani military remains committed to support the constitution," adding that the United States would oppose "any extraconstitutional actions." The AP said U.S. officials voiced concerns due to potential instability. The head of Pakistan's Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) agency, Lt. Gen. Ziauddin, arrived in Washington that same day. His visit was described as "routine," but surprised observers in Pakistan and the United States. There were numerous reasons for Ziauddin's visit, from countering lobby efforts by the Pakistani opposition Grand Democratic Alliance (GDA) to appealing for assistance in the face of danger to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's government...."

Farfax IT 9/21/99 D J Varma "... ANOTHER bloody chapter was written in history of the sub-continent earlier in the year, when more than 1000 solders from Pakistan and India died fighting an undeclared war in the mountains of Kashmir. Finally, after a meeting between President Clinton and Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in Washington in July, all troops were withdrawn. At the same time they have been fighting a war over information, with several Internet resources hacked in both countries. With some of the best software skills in the world, the fighting over the Internet is just as ferocious as in the snow-capped mountains of Kashmir. Several top Indian and Pakistani computer professionals in America and Europe are "helping" their respective governments by supplying information on the best way to harm the enemy's computer systems. ...."

The Indian Express, via News Plus 9/21/99 "....The United States, concerned about political ferment in Pakistan, has warned political and military actors there it would "strongly oppose" any attempt to overthrow the government, U.S. officials said on Monday. "We hope there will be no return to the days of interrupted democracy in Pakistan," one senior official told Reuters in an interview. "We would strongly oppose any attempt to change the government through extraconstitutional means," the official added, reports Reuters. The Clinton administration, acting discreetly through diplomatic channels, has also reminded the Islamabad government that peaceful demonstrations and free speech should be permitted in a democratic system. "It is a strong message for both sides. The government should allow legitimate expression and freedom of the press," the senior official added. ...."

The Times of India, via News Plus 9/20/99 K. Subrahmanyam "....The Indian government has rightly rejected the proposal for a visit to New Delhi by the US ambassador at large on international religious freedom, Mr Robert Sieple,to discuss religious rights in India...... The US report, while approving India's secular tradition, has referred to new strains in religious tensions and the failures in enforcing fully the freedom of religion granted in the Constitution. The report has criticised many countries, China, Pakistan and even allies of the US such as Israel and Saudi Arabia. The report is perhaps not an unfair assessment of the state of religious freedom in various countries of the world. It is not so much the contents of the report that are objectionable as its being carried out by the US administration and the spirit underlying the issue of such a report. ..... It is both a sign of arrogance and insensitivity to historical revolution that US legislators arrogate to themselves the role of policemen for religious freedom. In that sense, their spirit of self-righteousness is not very different from that of many religious leaders..... It is a valid question whether attempting to enforce religious freedom through state action is in consonance with the true spirit of secularism and such US intervention in religious affairs on a worldwide scale will not have a backlash effect and lead to exacerbation in international religious tensions. Better methods to develop religious freedom all over the world have to be found by the international community as a whole and not by the US undertaking unilateral action....."

India Abroad News Service, via Indiainfo, via News Plus 9/23/99 Suman Guha Mozumder "....Even as the United Nations and demographers express concern over India's population crossing the one billion mark soon, a leading American pro-life organisation says the situation calls for celebration and not anxiety. "The UN estimates that India's population is about to exceed one billion. Everybody should rejoice," said Robert Sassone, director of the World Life League, a division of the American Life League, the nation's largest pro-life educational organisation. The reason for celebration, he said, is that this is one of the great success stories of human history. "India's population is still growing for a little while, but not because of more births. The number of births per woman in India has been steadily declining since 1970-1975, when it was 5.5," Sassone said in a statement from Washington. ...."

Reuters, via News Plus 9/21/99 Tahir Ikram "...The human rights group Amnesty International on Tuesday condemned ``honour killings'' of Pakistani women and blamed the country's government for not taking steps to end the practice. ``Women in Pakistan live in fear,'' said a report by the London-based group and Progressive Women's Association, a Pakistani group campaigning against the practice of honour killings, when families kill a female relative considered to have shamed the house. ``They (women) face death by shooting, burning or killing with axes if they are deemed to have brought shame on the family,'' the report said, citing at least 286 such incidents in the populous Punjab province in 1998 alone. ``They are killed for supposed 'illicit' relationships, for marrying men of their choice, for divorcing abusive husbands. They are even murdered by their kin if they are raped as they are thereby deemed to have brought shame on their family.''....."

The Hindustan Times, via News Plus 9/22/99 Jay Raina "...The US is understood to have offered to train Indian security personnel in sophisticated counter-insurgency combat following the open declaration of jehad against the two countries by internationally-wanted Islamic terrorist Osama bin Laden. India would not be averse to acceding to the US's long-standing plea to have a permanent presence of the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) in New Delhi. An agreement on these two crucial issues is reported to have been firmed up last week during US coordinator for counter-terrorism Michael A. Sheehan's visit here. Sources said even as a broad agreement had been reached between the two countries to collaborate in meeting the challenge from terrorist outfits, a formal announcement was withheld following a request from India. ...."

BBC, via News Plus 9/19/99 Mike Wooldridge "...Indian Home Minister L K Advani has said India would crush what he called religious terrorism with the same firmness it had shown in pushing back Pakistan-supported forces from Indian Kashmir. ....Mr Advani was speaking in the wake of a reported declaration of Jihad, or holy war, against the United States and India by Osama bin Laden. The Saudi dissident is wanted by the American authorities in connection with last year's embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. In a purported statement from the Afghan city of Jalalabad last week, Mr bin Laden said the US and India were his biggest enemies and Jihad groups in Pakistan should join the war against them. ..."

UPI 9/24/99 Aamir H Shah "….Afghanistan's ruling Taliban on Friday described as unfounded the Indian government's suspicions that Osama bin Laden is involved in the struggle in Indian-controlled Kashmir. ``Osama has neither issued any statement nor met any person since November 1998 and a recent statement about Kashmir attributed to him was totally baseless,'' said the Taliban representative in Islamabad, Maulvi Saeed ur Rahman Haqqani. Last week, according to diplomatic sources, the U.S. administration informed Pakistan that through his most recent statement, Bin Laden has declared a holy war against India and has asked militant groups in Pakistan to join hands to target India. ``Our biggest enemies are the U.S. and India and we should target them using the best of our efforts. All the jihad groups in Pakistan should combine their efforts to declare war against these two countries, '' Bin Laden was quoted as saying in the statement. …."

The Hindustan Times, via News Plus 9/27/99 "….The French support for India's case for permanent membership of the UN Security Council was not unexpected. The French have always sought to maintain their Gallic distance from the Anglo-Saxon world of the Americans and the British and their latest stance is yet another instance of that attitude. The US, which has never taken kindly to the idea of Indian membership, had turned even more against it in the aftermath of the Pokhran tests…."

The Hindu, via News Plus 9/25/99 "….A State Department warning this week to Pakistan's military not to stage a coup has enraged Islamic militants, who have built a large, armed militia and threaten to turn the long- time U.S. ally into another Afghanistan or Iran, says The Washington Times. The daily, quoting a senior South Asian military source, said the warning inflamed not only Islamic militants but also the secular military as well as the mainstream opposition to the Government of Mr. Nawaz Sharif. With coup rumours sweeping Islamabad this week, the leading Pakistani English language daily, The News, quoted a State Department official as saying, ``The constitutional rules need to be observed in letter and spirit. We would strongly oppose any attempt to change the government through extra-constitutional means.'' …."

The Hindu 9/25/99 C Raja Mohan "….The Islamic Republic of Iran today joined India at the United Nations in delivering a blistering attack on international terrorism and the Pakistan-backed Taliban regime in Afghanistan. Addressing the United Nations General Assembly here this morning, the Foreign Minister of Iran, Mr. Kamal Kharrazi, said peace, stability and the respect for the rights of Afghan people ``have all become distant dreams, turning Afghanistan, with its proud and rich heritage, into a bastion of narcotics, terrorism and regional instability.'' In his own intervention at the U.N. and in his talks with various Foreign Ministers, the External Affairs Minister Mr. Jaswant Singh sought to highlight what he calls the ``Afghan disorder syndrome''. …."

The Economic Times, via News Plus 9/24/99 "…. INDIA has told the UN General Assembly that Pakistan's premeditated aggression on Kargil was tantamount to holding the world to ransom and resulted in a setback to the process of bilateral peace and cooperation initiated by New Delhi. "This aggression upon India in Kargil was a demonstration of wanting to hold to ransom the world,'' External Affairs Minister Jaswant Singh said in his address to the General Debate of the 54th General Assembly. "It was also a manifestation of the larger disorders that the world has been witnessing in Afghanistan,'' he said. Mr Singh said that the aggression violated not only the Lahore Declaration and the Shimla Agreement, which had prevented conflict for more than a quarter of a century, but also the Geneva Conventions as Indian soldiers were taken prisoners, tortured and killed in captivity by Pakistan. Mr Singh, who touched upon a number of issues, including the danger posed by terrorism, nuclear non-proliferation as well as the reform of the Security Council in his 30-minute address, said Jammu and Kashmir was an integral part of India's oneness and unity and shall remain so "because this is not a territorial dispute; it is the assertion of two antipodal approaches to national identity''. …."

The Indian Express, via News Plus 9/23/99 "….Trade sanctions imposed on India and Pakistan after they tested nuclear devices are causing U.S. exporters look unreliable, according to a government report. The sanctions were triggered in may 1998 after both countries conducted underground nuclear tests in violation of international agreements, reports AP. While the sanctions have had little impact on either country or U.S. exports, the brunt of what lost sales did occur fell on American farmers, said the U.S. international trade commission. The commission studied the impact of the sanctions at the request of the house ways and means committee….."

The Pioneer, via News Plus 9/24/99 "…..Pakistan's aggressive moves against India, including the continuing cross-border terrorism and the recent intrusion in Kargil, cannot be viewed in isolation from the logic of its involvement in Afghanistan. The latter in turn was determined by the strategy of the war against Soviet occupation which relied on rallying the various resistance groups in the name of Islam. The resultant boost to Islamic fundamentalism was further reinforced by President Zia-ul-Haq's Islamisation drive in the 1980s. It briefly lost momentum after President Haq's death in 1988, but regained it in the period after the Soviet withdrawal, courtesy Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's Islamisation drive and Pakistans attempt to bring Afghanistan under its suzerainty by raising and equipping the Taliban and other Islamic fundamentalist forces. …Not surprisingly, a large number of Afghan mercenaries were deployed in Kargil and, in this sense, Mr Jaswant Singh was right in saying that the Kargil intrusion was a manifestation of the larger disorder in Afghanistan. The disorder in Afghanistan, however, is in turn a product of the wider phenomenon of Islamic fundamentalism which seeks to impose a savage, restrictive, medieval theocracy on the world through terrorism, practiced by people empitomised by the Saudi billionaire, Osama bin Laden. It poses a serious threat not only to India but the entire civilised world and has to be squelched by concerted global action. The sooner a blueprint for the latter is drawn up and implemented, the better for humanity…."

The Hindustan Times, via News Plus 9/24/99 N C Menon "….Congressman Frank Pallone, Junior, New Jersey Democrat and founder and former co-chairman of the Congressional India Caucus, has urged a far more friendlier US attitude towards India, and continued caution towards Pakistan. Mr Pallone warned his colleagues about an effort by Pakistan during the last couple of weeks to internationalise the Kashmir conflict by trying to bring in the US as a mediator. The Congressman noted that the US administration had wisely resisted such Pakistani attempts in the past. Some Congressmen were circulating letters urging the administration to break with that long-standing precedent. Such a development would not contribute to peace and stability in South Asia. "Pakistan had earned its recent international isolation, given its destabilising actions in Kashmir," he said. "Pakistan must not be rewarded with gains at the negotiating table in light of its costly gambit in Kashmir, a policy that has failed militarily and strategically. They should not be given some propaganda advantage by having this Congress suggest that the US should intervene." ….."

The Hindustan Times, via News Plus 9/24/99 "….The Pakistan People´s Party (PPP) has rejected the US State Department warning against unconstitutional change and said nothing will stop the Opposition demand to remove the Nawaz Sharif Government. A PPP spokesman, in a statement, said the fact that Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif had dashed to the US to meet senior officials was a tribute to the uprising by the masses. "The Nawaz regime which is now beseeching the Americans to save them must realise that no one can save the regime from collapse,"he added. The spokesman declared that peaceful demonstrations would continue to build pressure for the resignation of Nawaz Sharif and the holding of fair elections as "the fascists in power have sought to dismantle democracy." ….."


Reuters, via News Plus 10/4/99 JohnChalmers "...India's Hindu nationalist-led ruling coalition looked set to return to power on Sunday as the curtain fell on a month-long election drama amid violence in the insurgency-torn northeast. Two exit polls released after the fifth and final phase of voting ended showed Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and its allies would clinch more than the 272 parliamentary seats required for a majority. One showed Vajpayee's 24-party National Democratic Alliance (NDA) scraping to only a slim majority of 15 seats, raising the prospect of another in a line of shaky governments. The other projected a more comfortable majority for the coalition, with a total of 295-305 lawmakers in parliament. The forerunner of the NDA fell from power in April when opposition parties, led by Sonia Gandhi's Congress, joined hands against it in a confidence vote in parliament. ...."

The Hindu, via News Plus 10/4/99 V Jayanth "....PAKISTAN'S ATTEMPT to equate East Timor with Kashmir and the categorical declaration by the United States that there is no parallel between the two focus attention once more on how governments draw their own conclusions from any international action. On the face of it, there may be no parallel to East Timor, but the way the United Nations has been dealing with the emerging situations around the world makes one wonder whether there is any policy or norm which governs such intervention....."

The Hindu, via News Plus 10/4/99 K K Katyal "...WHAT IS the latest state of India's relations with China and what are Beijing's domestic priorities? A 10-day stay there, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the communist revolution, helped me find answers, confirming some of the prevailing perceptions and removing misperceptions. As regards bilateral ties, it is amply clear that the chill caused by China's reaction to India's nuclear tests and related matters has ended and the two sides are now back on the ``normal track,'' to quote the Assistant Minister in-charge of foreign relations in the Foreign Office, Mr. Wang Yi. As a result, the way has been cleared not only for continuing the on-going processes in bilateral dealings but also to undertake contacts to discuss new issues, thrown up by the changed present-day situation. The Joint Working Group (JWG), dealing with the ticklish boundary issue is operational once again. In a fit of pique over India's nuclear tests, China ceased to be keen on the meetings of the group but all this, happily, is now a thing of the past. Even when its functioning was suspended, the measures painstakingly worked out by the group in the past for maintaining peace and tranquillity in the border areas remained in place. The two sides now intend resuming talks on clarifying the line of actual control, a problem the JWG was not able to resolve....."

The Hindustan Times, via News Plus 10/4/99 "....The US government's reiteration of its decision not to appoint a special envoy for Kashmir and the retraction by several Congressmen of their signatures on letters sent to President Clinton about the "dangers of a nuclear war" in South Asia may have shown that the misconceptions in Washington about the sub-continent are being corrected. But it is necessary to remember that there are still not a few in the US who are still influenced by a distorted picture of the Indo-Pakistani scene. The reason is not only the remnants of a habit of thinking belonging to the cold war days when Pakistan was a trusted ally and India a camp follower of the "evil empire", but also the belief that India tends to bully the much smaller Pakistan and represses the people of Kashmir. Unfortunately, Indian diplomatic efforts have not been successful enough to dispel these erroneous notions and present the real picture about how the wars of 1948, 1965 and 1971 were started by Pakistan and how Kashmir represents the essence of India's multicultural polity as opposed to Pakistan's theocracy where even Muslim sects like the Shias and Ahmediyas are virtual second class citizens, not to mention the Hindu and Christian minorities...."

Khabrain 10/1/99 ".....After successfully testing the missile engine with a range of 3,000 km at Qadeer Khan Research Laboratories, Pakistan has joined the countries making missile engines. The engine is completely computer-guided. India imported these kinds of engines from Russia. The engine made at the Kahuta Laboratories [Qadeer Khan Research Laboratories] can bear more than normal heat. A special metal and ceramic coating has been used in it. After modifying the engine, Pakistan will also use it for launching satellites into space. According to informed sources, the government has allowed formal production of the engines. ...."

The Hindu, via News Plus 10/11/99 C Raja Mohan ".....As the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty becomes a victim of American domestic politics, the time has come for the United States and India to delink their plans to build a new bilateral relationship from the uncertain fate of one particular instrument of arms control. Having failed to convince his own Senate to ratify the CTBT, the moral authority of the President, Mr. Bill Clinton, to persuade others to observe the treaty may have begun to diminish. India, on the other hand, should resist the temptation to gloat over the deep discomfiture of the Clinton Administration on the CTBT. Both the U.S. and India have made heavy weather of the CTBT. Mr. Clinton has been led up the garden path by the liberal internationalists and the non-proliferation fundamentalists in his administration into investing far too much of his personal prestige into the CTBT. The Indian political leadership, on the other hand, having failed to take an early decision on testing its own nuclear weapons, began to demonise the CTBT. But once it conducted an adequate number of tests in May 1998, India began to adopt a more sensible attitude towards the CTBT and identify the conditions under which it could join......"

The Times of India, via News Plus 10/11/99 "....Faced with growing domestic and international pressures, premier Nawaz Sharif's hold over Pakistan has grown ``tenous'' and only US President Bill Clinton's support keeps him going, the Washington Post claimed in a despatch from Islamabad on Sunday. ``The government of Sharif is facing a cacophony of domestic and foreign pressures, its worst since he took power in 1997. Almost its only defender is the Clinton administration, which wants to see democracy preserved even if it means sustaining this deeply unpopular government,'' it said. ......" 10/12/99 "..... The Taliban government has reportedly caved in to months of intense pressure from Pakistan and the United States over its support of terrorism. At the same time, the Pakistani government has embarked on a high-profile campaign against Sunni terrorist violence. Both events strongly suggest that a major political effort is underway in the region, one that could clear the way for the capture of the world's most wanted terrorist leader: Osama bin Laden......... But the Taliban's new stance is only part of a much broader anti-terrorist campaign emerging in the region. In neighboring Pakistan, the government of Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has blamed terrorists trained in Afghanistan for a wave of sectarian violence. Sunni militants have enjoyed sanctuary in Afghanistan under the Taliban since 1996 and the government has held them responsible for killing about 40 Shiite Muslims across Pakistan over the last two months. As a result, Sharif's government is also striking a new, hard line against Taliban-supported Sunni militants. On Oct. 7, Radio Pakistan announced that Sharif sent the director-general of the Inter-Services Intelligence Service, Gen. Khawaja Ziauddin, to Kandahar in southwest Afghanistan to demand the closure of terrorist training camps. Sharif has also begun a high-profile campaign abroad, aimed at pressuring the Taliban to close down the camps. The prime minister and Ziauddin traveled to Dubai on Oct. 11 for talks with UAE leaders on the violence in Pakistan and its relationship to the Afghan camps. Sharif's course of action makes sense: the UAE is one of only three nations, along with Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, to recognize the Taliban as Afghanistan's official government......"

United Press International 10/12/99 "...The Clinton administration warned Pakistan on Tuesday that it would not accept a military government after an apparent coup in the capital, Islamabad...."

REUTERS 10/12/99 Surojit Gupta ".....India expressed grave concern on Tuesday over what appeared to be a military coup in neighbouring Pakistan, and put its armed forces on high alert. ....... Pakistani satellite television monitored in London said the dismissal was announced in a news flash from army General Pervez Musharraf, who was sacked hours earlier by Sharif. An Indian defence official said the armed forces had been put on high alert. "Whenever such a situation occurs all the three forces, army, navy and air force, are put on a high state of alert," he said. Press Trust of India (PTI) said Border Security Force (BSF) troops along the Punjab stretch of the frontier dividing the arch-rival countries had intensified their patrolling. "All necessary precautions have been taken," the news agency quoted BSF Inspector General A.S. Aulakh as saying. "We are keeping a keen eye on the situation. BSF troops have been naturally put on high alert." PTI said that state-run Indian Airlines had cancelled its scheduled night flight to Karachi and that an Air France flight from the southern Indian city of Madras to Karachi had been diverted to New Delhi. ....."

AFP 10/12/99 ".....Pakistan's coup leader Wednesday accused the government of ousted Premier Nawaz Sharif of "imperilling" a commercial passenger flight in a desperate bid to keep him out of the country. Army chief General Pervez Musharraf told the nation in a televised address that he was returning from an official visit to Sri Lanka when his Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) flight was ordered to "anywhere oustide Pakistan." "On my way back the PIA commercial flight was not allowed to land at Karachi but was ordered to be diverted to anywhere outside Pakistan, despite acute shortage of fuel, imperilling the lives of all the passengers," he said. "Thanks be to Allah this evil design was thwarted through speedy army action." His revelations came as he explained the military's dramatic takeover of the country in a bloodless coup late Tuesday. Troops apparently under his command seized key facilities around the country and surrounded the Islamabad residence of Sharif after the premier sacked Musharraf as army chief and installed Lieutenant General Khawaja Ziauddin, chief of the military's Inter-Services Intelligence....."

Associated Press 10/12/99 Hema Shukla "....India's army was on high alert at the border and Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee held a crisis meeting Tuesday night after a military takeover in neighboring Pakistan. ``This is a serious development for ... Kashmir,'' said a senior officer in the northern command in Kashmir, speaking on condition of anonymity. Border disputes over Kashmir have prompted two wars between India and Pakistan. India's Cabinet Committee on Security will meet Wednesday immediately after Vajpayee is sworn in for another term of office, said Ashok Tandon, the prime minister's spokesman...... "

UPI 10/12/99 Lee Michael Katz "....The Clinton administration may have inadvertently helped fuel Tuesday's military coup in Pakistan by leaning on ousted Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to draw back from a looming clash with India over disputed territory in Kashmir. The move drew the ire of Pakistan's military, which saw the pullback this summer as a sellout to the United States. In recent weeks, rumblings of discontent turned into the threat of a potential coup in Pakistan, a nation that last year openly tested its nuclear weapons capability after a series of similar tests by neighboring India. The military's distaste for Sharif's withdrawal in Kashmir was combined with Pakistan's increasing economic problems and questions about Sharif's own authoritarian moves...... Musharraf had openly criticized his political boss Sharif for succumbing to U.S. pressure and pulling Pakistan-backed Islamic militants out of the Kargil sector of Kashmir after they had seized ground from India this summer. ``Once they made the withdrawal, the army felt like it had been humiliated,'' said George Perkovich, an author and Southwest Asia analyst with the W. Alton Jones Foundation in Charlottesville, Va. Perkovich said Pakistani troops dressed as Islamic guerillas helped to press the offensive in Kashmir. The army ``felt it would have won,'' he said, and thought it was betrayed when ``the prime minister came to Washington and surrendered'' to U.S. pressure......" 10/13/99 John Lancaster Bradley Graham ".....Yesterday's army coup in the Pakistani capital of Islamabad was a serious blow to what have been extensive U.S. efforts in recent years to prop up shaky civilian governments in Pakistan and curb trends of Islamic extremism, corruption and drug-trafficking in the military of this once stalwart Cold War ally. High-level Pakistani officials and intelligence reports warned the Clinton administration of a rift between the army and the civilian government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in the weeks leading up to the military takeover, senior U.S. officials said yesterday. In private communications with Islamabad and an unusual public declaration on Sept. 21, administration officials warned the army against attempting to seize power, then breathed a sigh of relief a week later when Sharif appeared to have settled his differences with his army chief of staff, Pervaiz Musharraf. So U.S. officials were more than a little surprised by the news that Sharif had fired Musharraf while the general was traveling in Sri Lanka, triggering an apparent takeover by army forces loyal to their ousted leader....."

New York Post 10/13/99 Steve Dunleavy "....WHEN a man with cobalt eyes like Paul Newman tells you he sent many brave soldiers to their deaths, you tend to listen. David Hackworth, retired colonel and the most decorated man in the military that I know of, was talking to me over a corned beef sandwich in a gin mill called Langan's. It was only two hours before that the frightening, irrational and possibly devastating coup happened in Pakistan. "I was with those Pakistani soldiers at Fort Benning in Georgia. I certainly admired them as professionals but truthfully, the Pakistani army are the Dobermans of the East," he said. "Now these guys have the atom bomb? While I admired them as soldiers I can't say that I would give them high marks for sound and legitimate thinking." ...... "I'm not quite sure what Bill Clinton is talking about when he is asking for a nuclear test-ban treaty," he said over a glass of water, telling me that he hasn't had a drink in 10 years. "He has broken our military. "Number two, he has given high technology to the Chinese who couldn't drop a firecracker into the Pacific 10 years ago but now they could drop a nuclear bomb in Times Square. "Three, if I went to my publisher and wrote a book about a plot between Clinton and the enemy they would throw me out a window. How crazy is that?" ....... "What hurts me about today's frightening situation in Pakistan, and please everyone listen, is that those army guys who I trained with in Fort Benning have an atom bomb. They're well-trained soldiers, but I'm not quite sure if they're well-trained humanitarians. We could be in a lot of trouble." Hack, who refuses to tell what political party he's allied with, gets angry at everyone - particularly Bill Clinton, who, he points out, has cut the U.S. military by 50 percent while involving them with 300 percent more commitment....... Sadly, for whatever reason, Clinton is wearing rose-colored glasses. I will trust a maniac from Iran, Iraq or North Korea to keep his word? Yeah, and I'll trust the guy who tells me that $100 will make me a million. "When novelist Tom Clancy was seriously mentioned as a possible Secretary of Defense because of his novels, I thought it is time that I do something like this," Hack was saying. "I am bitching to the choir and I just want to build a bigger congregation like Tom Clancy. We have made fighting for freedom a farce and I didn't get that much shrapnel and bullets in my body and send so many boys to their deaths to take this sitting down. "The high price of honor is not for sale. Honor is not marketable, but apparently Mr. Clinton thinks the opposite......"

AP 10/13/99 ".....International Monetary Fund managing director Michel Camdessus said Wednesday that Pakistan will receive no further financial aid from the IMF until democracy is restored in the country. Speaking on French radio, Camdessus called for a return to democracy in Pakistan, where elements in the armed forces overthrew the democratically elected government on Tuesday. ``We are in a situation which is not rare ... where very serious political events occur, and friendly countries decide to suspend their assistance,'' Camdessus told Europe-1 radio. ``Since the IMF cannot carry on alone, aid is suspended.'' ....."

The Reagan Information Interchange 10/13/99 Mary Mostert ".....On February 26, 1999, in San Francisco in a major Foreign Policy speech, President Clinton said: "There is still the potential for major regional wars that would threaten our security. The arms race between India and Pakistan reminds us that the next big war could still be nuclear. There is a risk that our former adversaries will not succeed in their transitions to freedom and free markets. There is a danger that deadly weapons will fall into the hands of a terrorist group or an outlaw nation, and that those weapons could be chemical or biological." ......What both sides appear to be missing in this discussion is any recognition of the signs of a growing challenge to Bill Clinton's notion that somehow he personally can manage the affairs of every nation on the globe. So far this week, and its only Wednesday, the European Union voted to provide some heating oil to Yugoslavia, to cities with anti-Milosevic mayors, in defiance of Clinton's insistence that NO humanitarian aid go to the Serbs and his errand boy over in Pakistan has just been thrown out of office because, the Times of India says, "There has been tension between Sharif and the Military since the prime minister bowed to US pressure and called for the withdrawal of Pakistan-backed freedom fighters from Kargil early July." ....Basically one person, Bill Clinton, is responsible for the sanctions and the denial of heat and other basic necessities to the civilian population of Yugoslavia. These two major events - the Pakistan coup which ousted a pro-Clinton elected prime minister and put a military dictator in charge of a nuclear nation for the first time in history - and the growing rebellion in Europe and among humanitarian organizations against Clinton's now obvious effort to kill Yugoslav civilians - seem to me to be an indication of a change in the world's willingness to accept the United States led by Bill Clinton as its leader as we move into the 21st century. Contrary to the 79 days of bombing and propaganda, it is very obvious that America's much touted military might was not able to put much of a dent in Yugoslavia's military arsenal.....It's sad to watch the moral leadership slipping away from America which has chosen a leader no one can respect or desire to follow...." 10/13/99 ".....The military removal of Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Oct. 12 leaves the leadership of Pakistan in question. The extraconstitutional measures taken by the military threaten economic aid and diplomatic relations. We believe, therefore, that the military will soon make every effort to return to a constitutional government. Pakistani media has suggested that Mian Azhar, a former supporter of Sharif, is the likely civilian successor. Gen. Pervez Musharraf, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC) and the chief of the army staff, remains in control of the military, despite Sharif's attempt to remove him. The interplay between Azhar and Musharraf will shape the next Pakistani regime......Musharraf did not have the full support of all top Pakistani military officers. His promotion over other senior generals and his appointment as permanent head of the armed services contradicted Pakistani tradition that the position be rotated among the army, navy and airforce. Naval chief Adm. Fasih Bukhari resigned after Musharraf's tenure as chairman of the JCSC was extended......Although not in the top position during Pakistan's nuclear tests, Musharraf expressed the importance of keeping control of Pakistan's nuclear capability in the hands of the army. His response to the tit-for-tat missile tests between India and Pakistan revealed a confident, powerful and even aggressive attitude, but more in a reactionary rather than provocative stance. Musharraf controlled the army during the Kashmir crisis and was responsive to the winds of change. In response to Chinese suggestions and Indian gains in the conflict, he advocated the de-escalation of hostilities a month before Sharif ordered the withdrawal of Muslim militants. He was the first to admit that Pakistani troops had crossed the Line of Control (LOC), and he clearly stated the civilian government was responsible for ordering a withdrawal........ Ahzar has accused Sharif of failing in his obligation to the common people of Pakistan. Ahzar charged Sharif with working solely for his own enrichment, rather than focusing on the internal troubles that plague the working class and poor. Azhar's vocal opposition increased substantially over the past few weeks, coinciding with the increased rumors of an imminent military coup. The culmination of Azhar's opposition to Sharif's government came Oct. 7. Backed by a group of political supporters, he called for Sharif's resignation..... While Musharraf is not likely to launch an attack on India in Kashmir, both he and Azhar will use Kashmir to refocus the attention of the various factions in Pakistan and achieve the new nationalism. .....With Kashmir as a central focus, this will give the government more control in relations with the United States, which had nearly unlimited influence over Sharif in his final days. It will also give Pakistan more bargaining room with the newly elected government in India. As well, Musharraf has demonstrated a willingness to listen to the Chinese offers to rebuild relations weakened by Sharif's actions in Kashmir. ...."

The Washington Times 10/13/99 Ben Barber ".... An unpopular decision to pull troops out of Kashmir this past summer, made under intense pressure from the United States, hastened the ouster of Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in a military coup yesterday, analysts say. "Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif used the United States to persuade the army to back down and pull back across the Line of Control," dividing Kashmir, said Stephen Cohen, a former White House Asia expert currently with the Brookings Institution. ......."Sharif sought to blame the army" for the invasion of Himalayan peaks, a move that led to fierce army and air combat costing hundreds of dead on both sides, said former U.S. diplomat Howard B. Schaeffer. "That decision to withdraw was badly seen by elements within the military," said Mr. Schaeffer, a former assistant secretary of state under Presidents Reagan and Bush, who is with Georgetown University. ..... The swift, highly organized takeover by Pakistani troops revealed what was widely believed: Behind the facade of civilian rule, the army remained the final arbiter of power. ..... Mr. Sharif's response to the increasing tension in the country was to push for Islamic law, a move that alarmed the more secular elite including many within the British-founded army, long considered a bastion of stability and secularism. However, in recent years Islamic elements have risen in the army and the secret police, or Inter Service Intelligence (ISI), agency analysts say......Mr. Singh, speaking by telephone from New Delhi yesterday, warned however that Gen. Musharraf, now head of the ruling military council, also has strong links to Islamist parties and organized the Northern Light Infantry that India says led the Kashmir fighting this year. ....."

DAWN 10/15/99 AFP "....President Bill Clinton called Friday for the United States to impose sanctions on Pakistan following the military coup there, the White House said. For the first time referring to Tuesday's military takeover in Pakistan as a coup, Clinton called for implementation of US measures authorizing sanctions against countries where coups have taken place, his spokesman Joe Lockhart said. "The president has asked his foreign policy and legal team to apply the section 508 sanctions because clearly this is a situation where the military has engaged in a coup on a democratically elected government," said Lockhart....."

The Times of India, via News Plus 10/13/99 M V Kamath ".....On the night of January 22/23, Christian missionary Graham Stewart Staines and his two young sons were burnt to death in Manoharpur, a remote village in Orissa. On September 1, another Christian priest, Fr Arun Doss was killed at Jambani village, also in Orissa. In the past month, several incidents of burning of churches have been reported, almost all of them in tribal areas in Orissa and Gujarat. Some time ago, church authorities released a long list of atrocities perpetrated against Christians in different parts of India and at different times. The cumulative impression sought to be driven home is that minorities are no longer safe in India. This is an ominous development. Orissa's director-general of police Dilip Mahapatra has been quoted as saying that Fr Doss had received a ``number of complaints and evidence'' to the effect that the priest was involved in ``illegal conversions'' in violation of the Orissa Freedom of Religions Act, 1967.......Christian missionary efforts at conversion under the guise of social work do not take place in places, say, like the Brahmin-dominated ward of Mylapore in Chennai. They are conducted in poor, illiterate and innocent tribal areas and in remote jungles far from the prying eyes of authority. Now a reaction seems to have set in. Writing in The Statesman (March 12, 1999), Mr B P Saha made the point that ``growing enlightenment has been provoking them (tribals) to dislike conversion and look askance at the foreign missionaries, the so-called benefactors''. Attempts at conversion should be considered a mortal assault on local cultures and should be totally banned. Conversions are forbidden by law in China. Here we take a lenient view of conversion and Christian bodies have been taking advantage of the Hindu sense of tolerance. According to Mr Jon Stock, New Delhi correspondent of the British paper The Daily Telegraph, ``put simply, the Indian subcontinent has become the principal target for a wide range of western Christian missions which are determined to spread the gospel to India's `unreached' people before the year 2000''. ......"

Associated Press 10/13/99 Robert Burns "......The Clinton administration had sensed the potential for an overthrow of Pakistan's civilian rulers but did not see it coming this week, officials said Wednesday. Meanwhile, the administration awaited assurances from the coup leaders that they intend to return the country to democratic rule. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said the coup created a ``new level of uncertainty'' in the tense region. ``What we hope very much is there is a return to a constitutional system in Pakistan and that we are able to continue the work that we have been doing to deflect the conflict, to get India and Pakistan to talk again about solving the Kashmir problem peacefully,'' Albright said at the University of Maine. ....."

Telegraph10/13/99 "...."The swift army strike in Pakistan has set off alarm bells in the Indian establishment as it believes that a military takeover by Gen. Parvez Musharraf in the teeth of opposition from the US will force him to consolidate his position with the help of Islamic fundamentalist support, including Taliban militia....."

Asian Age 10/13/99 "....."...the swift operation through which the military replaced a civilian government is indicative of systematic planning. Clearly, General Musharraf and the all powerful Pakistan Army had made elaborate plans for a take-over which was precipitated by the decision to sack him. The take-over has been bloodless largely because of the quick and well organised nature of the action and also because Sharif had lost a great degree of his popularity and had come under question for making the nation's interests subservient to Washington...."

Redif 10/13/99 "...."According to sources, General Musharraf is facing dissent, though not in the form of an immediate threat, from at least three of his corps commanders. According to available information the corps commanders based in Quetta, Gujranwala and Peshawar are reluctant in cooperate with the army chief. "But they could give in to his pressure, we never know," said a source.... "

Hindustan Times 10/13/99 "....."After Zia-ul-Huq's death, the belief was that Pakistan will not see a military ruler in the foreseeable future because, first, the Americans do not like it; secondly, because the world is moving towards democracy, especially after the demise of communism; and thirdly because in the changed circumstances, the Pakistan army would itself prefer to pull the strings from behind rather than take on the task of governance....."

The Statesman 10/13/99 "..... "The question has never been settled as to how much the Kargil operation was due to the initiative of General Pervez Musharraf, how much to the much-abused ISI and how much the Prime Minister was involved and at what stage. It must be accepted that Nawaz Sharif would have approved the plans before they were put into action and no purpose is served by apportioning blame. General Musharraf did seem to overdo things a bit, calling his Prime Minister in Washington to ask whether he had asked Clinton for what it was agreed he would ask; his required affirmation of support for Sharif's position to withdraw from Kargil suggested that he was far from happy.... "Sharif may have meant to restore the relations between Islamabad and Washington from the depths to which they sank after Kargil, and India would be wise to read the tea leaves accordingly. President Clinton will feel that it is now up to him to deliver; General Musharraf, in Sharif's place, will sell the idea as the furthest that Pakistan can go and he expects to be rewarded. The alternative is to go to bin Laden. ...."


Chicago Tribune 10/13/99 John Diamond ".....The military coup in Pakistan, a desperately poor nuclear power close to war with its neighbor, comes at a time when the United States has almost no political or diplomatic levers to influence the crisis. The Clinton administration struggled Wednesday to find out the most basic information about the coup, in which Pakistan's army chief, backed by loyal forces, ousted the democratically elected Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. As of Wednesday afternoon, no U.S. officials had been in contact with leaders of the coup, and the Clinton administration was unsure of the well-being of Sharif, who was reportedly under house arrest in Islamabad...... "

International Herald Tribune 10/14/99 Brahma Chellaney "....Just as India was ushering in a newly elected government and reaffirming its deep commitment to democracy, Pakistan's flawed democratic experiment has ended with the first military coup in a nuclear weapons state, raising serious concerns about regional stability. It is simplistic to see this as a mere coincidence. With its India fixation, the Pakistan establishment was watching closely to see whether the Indian elections would bring political stalemate or a stable government. The clear majority in Parliament for Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's coalition may have helped bring the power feud in Pakistan to a boil, just as the political uncertainty arising from the fall of the Vajpayee government last April encouraged the Pakistani invasion in the Kargil region of Indian Kashmir. The developments in Pakistan have serious ramifications for India, which finds itself wedged in an arc of authoritarian states stretching from extremist-ruled Afghanistan to the world's largest autocracy, China, and to Burma, under a military junta. Pakistan and Burma are close strategic allies of China. The rabidly fundamentalist Taleban regime in Kabul has been propped up by the Pakistan military....."

AP 10/13/99 "....Ukraine will supply engines and transmission parts for a new tank jointly developed by Pakistan and China, an official said Wednesday. However, Ukraine wouldn't sell Pakistan the technology for the production of the 1,200-horsepower engines, said Mykhailo Borysiuk, chief constructor of the Kharkiv machine-building construction bureau. Borysiuk, whose comments were cited by the Interfax news agency, didn't say whether a formal agreement has been signed with Pakistan....."

UPI Wire 10/14/99 Anwar Iqbal "....Will Pakistan's new military rulers hand over their nuclear weapons to Saudi dissident Osama bin Ladin, allowing him to threat the West with nuclear terrorism? An Afghanistan-based Muslim militant leader, bin Ladin is wanted in the United States for bombing two U.S. embassies in East Africa in August 1998. The explosions killed more than 200 people and led to U.S. cruise missile attacks on bin Ladin's bases in Afghanistan. The fear that Pakistan may give its nuclear weapons to bin Ladin was expressed by an Indian journalist during an interview with CNN and has resonated in Western capitals several times since Tuesday when the Pakistan army toppled Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in an apparently bloodless coup. .....And, apparently, the fear is not unfounded. Bin Ladin lives in the Afghan town of Kandahar, only a few miles from Pakistan's nuclear test site of Chaghi. He is protected by Afghanistan's ruling Taliban militia, which also enjoys good relations with Pakistan. ...."

UPI 10/14/99 Raja Zulfikar "... Pakistan's army chief, Gen. Pervaiz Musharraf is holding extensive discussions with his military colleagues and Pakistan President Mohammad Rafique Tarar to decide future strategy. Despite promises, Musharraf has yet to announce a policy statement, which will determine how long the army will remain in control. The delay is adding to confusion and causing panic. Musharraf dismissed the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Tuesday, just one hour after Sharif tried to remove him as chief of army staff and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. ...."

LA Times 10/14/99 Tyler Marshall Bob Drogin ".....Amid growing uncertainty about the plans of military coup leaders in Pakistan, the United States carefully distanced itself Wednesday from its former ally, deposed civilian Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The move appeared to signal a willingness to work with the nation's new military rulers, who are developing nuclear weapons, as long as they commit themselves to returning the government quickly to civilian control. "Pakistan's interests would be served by a prompt return to civilian rule and restoration of the democratic process," President Clinton said in a statement released Wednesday. But mirroring earlier comments of senior U.S. officials, Clinton's plea conspicuously omitted any call for Sharif's return to power...."

The Dawn 10/15/99 "....In pursuance of deliberations and decisions of Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces and Corps Commanders of Pakistan Army, I General Pervez Musharraf, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee and Chief of Army Staff, Proclaim Emergency throughout Pakistan and assume the office of the Chief Executive of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. I hereby order and proclaim as follows:

(a) The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan shall remain in abeyance;

(b) The President of Pakistan shall continue in office;

(c) The National Assembly, the Provincial Assemblies and Senate shall stand suspended;

(d) The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Senate, the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly and the Provincial Assemblies shall stand suspended;

(e) The Prime Minister, the Federal Ministers, Ministers of State, Advisors to the Prime Minister, Parliamentincial Governors, the Provincial Chief Ministers, the Provincial Ministers and the Advisors to the Chief Ministers shall cease to hold office;

(f) The whole of Pakistan will come under the control of the Armed Forces of Pakistan.

This Proclamation shall come into force at once and be deemed to have taken effect on and 12th day of October, 1999. ..." 10/14/99 "....The removal of Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif leaves China in a stronger position in Pakistan and the region than the United States. While the United States was aware of the growing dissatisfaction with Sharif's policies in Pakistan, it continued to back him as a diplomatic tool. Following the conflict in Kashmir earlier this year, Sharif became an apparently willing extension of U.S. efforts to capture Osama bin Laden. As Pakistan was traditionally a strong supporter of the Taliban, Sharif could bring serious pressure to bear on the group in regard to bin Laden. However, using Sharif was always a risk for the United States, as his cooperation was based on domestic weakness. While the United States still holds an economic card in dealing with Pakistan, with Sharif gone, it no longer has the upper hand.....The United States' loss appears to be China's gain. China strongly opposed Sharif's actions in Kashmir this year...."

Rediff On The Net, via News Plus 10/14/99 Ashok Banker "....Pakistan intends to invade India in April 2000, revealed a source within the Indian army. In fact, their capturing of Indian positions along the Line of Control in 1998 was only the first step in a carefully orchestrated campaign to take over Jammu and Kashmir completely. They were not expecting India to react so effectively and to recapture the peaks so soon. They were still continuing to fortify their positions and move in heavy arms, supplies and training instructors who have been asked to spread throughout India to create chaos when the time comes. An estimated 1,200 such personnel have already infiltrated the country and are concentrated mainly in the Kashmir valley. Some have been able to travel to Assam and the northeast, others to Punjab, and a few have even managed to reach Gujarat and Maharashtra. ...."

The Associated Press, via News Plus 10/14/99 Barry Schweid ".....Despite declining U.S. influence in Pakistan, the Clinton administration is leaning on leaders of a military coup in the South Asian country to find a way to restore civilian rule. Lacking a clear sign from Army Gen. Parvaiz Musharraf of his intentions, President Clinton directed U.S. Ambassador William Milam to confront the coup leader directly and insist on civilian rule. ``We don't like it when military leaders forcibly displace elected governments,'' Clinton said Thursday at a White House news conference. But within hours of the statement, Pakistan's state-run news agency said Musharraf had declared a state of emergency, named himself chief executive and dissolved Parliament. Still, after meeting with the general, Pakistani President Rafiq Tarar said through a spokesman that the general was seeking to restore civilian rule....."

The Hindustan Times, via News Plus 10/15/99 ".....Home Minister L. K. Advani today reiterated the resolve of the NDA Government at the Centre to carry on with its "pro-active" policy against Pakistan´s State-sponsored terrorism. "We have to ensure fool-proof security to each and every citizen across the country even as law and order was within the purview of the various State Governments," Mr Advani said here today after assuming the charge of his Ministry for a second term. The Home Minister also introduced his two Ministers of State - Vidyasagar Rao and Ishwar Dayal Swami - to the officials of his Ministry soon after taking charge. Claiming that a sense of confidence had been instilled among the people of Jammu and Kashmir and the North-East, Mr Advani, however, hastened to add that much more needed to be done in order to bring the situation in these troubled areas under control. ...."

The Indian Express, via News Plus 10/15/99 Shekhar Gupta ".....Condemning his country's constitutionally elected government, some of these questions may have crossed your mind: How easy it seemed to be for the general to overturn a government with two-thirds majority? Why did the coup not bring pro-democracy protestors out on the streets? Not even the lone protestor waving a placard at the tank as at Tiananmen Square? Why, on the other hand, it seems as if it has found a degree of welcome not merely among the ordinary people but also from the Pakistani intelligentsia and opinion leaders? Why did Musharraf take such a big risk while his predecessor, Jehangir Karamat, had given in without a whimper? Why even the supposedly almighty Americans failed to prevent the coup? Why, after the coup, Musharraf has dilly-dallied for so long instead of imposing martial law right away? ..."

The Indian Express, via News Plus 10/15/99 Shekhar Gupta ".....For answers to these seemingly elementary questions, you have to go as far back as the summer of 1990...... In a speech at the National Defence College, she advised her army to give up the old, ``outdated'' notion that it was the guardian not merely of the territorial but also the ideological frontiers of Pakistan. If armies could protect ideologies, she argued, the Eastern Bloc would not have unravelled so quickly. This is it, said Islamabad's resident conspiracy theorists. Sure enough, she was dismissed by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan backed by Gen Mirza Aslam Beg. The lesson: in Pakistan, democracy or no democracy, the army has a special,central place in the ideology of nation-building. To question that is risky. The corollary is the army is the big brother, the elected government survives at its sufferance, its performance constantly watched and evaluated by the GHQ....."

International Herald Tribune 10/15/99 AminSaikal "...This latest military takeover could not come at a worse time, given the country's dire economic situation, growing Islamic militancy, international isolation because of its nuclear tests, the conflict with India over Kashmir, and Pakistan's involvement in support of the Taleban Islamic militia in neighboring Afghanistan. The coup is likely to make Pakistan more Islamic at home and more assertive abroad. This will leave the international community - especially the United States, which warned the military against ousting the elected government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif - with difficult policy choices. ....."

United Press International, via News Plus 10/14/99 Harbaksh Singh Nanda "....India says Thursday that the U.S. Senate's rejection of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty has vindicated its stand on the global treaty. India's foreign ministry said the treaty "requires building a national consensus in the countries concerned, including India." New Delhi has been resisting international pressure to sign the CTBT saying the treaty is biased in favor of five declared nuclear powers _ Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States. President Bill Clinton had been pressing India to join the global nuclear arms control regime ever since New Delhi blasted underground nuclear tests in May 1998. Neighboring Pakistan followed suit in a tit- for-tat action. ...."

The Associated Press, via News Plus 10/15/99 David Briscoe ".....The Clinton administration today failed to win a commitment from Pakistan's military commander for a restoration of civilian rule, and the White House acknowledged it has very little leverage with the leaders of the coup that ousted the country's elected government. U.S. Ambassador William Milam met for two hours in Pakistan with Army Chief Gen. Pervaiz Musharraf to press for a return to democracy and civilian government...."


The Hindu, via News Plus 10/16/99 "….Security forces killed three militants, including a Pakistani intruder, and smashed two underground hide-outs in the Kashmir valley during the past 24 hours. An official spokesman said security forces guarding northern sector killed a Pakistani intruder immediately after he sneaked into this side from Pakistan occupied Kashmir in Baramulla last evening…."

The Hindustan Times, via News Plus 10/17/99 "….Pakistan's Military regime has sacked the country's ambassadors to 18 countries, including the United States, Britain and France. The orders were issued hours after General Pervez Musharraf imposed emergency and proclaimed himself the country's chief executive. Gen. Musharraf has also stressed the importance of resumption of bilateral talks with India to resolve all outstanding issues. He conveyed his views to US Ambassador William Milam. …."

The Indian Express, via News Plus 10/17/99 Jyoti Malhotra "…Disturbed at the close linkages between Pakistan's military ruler Gen. Pervez Musharraf and the extremism of the Taliban regime, India is closely watching the manner in which the US is readying to deal with the men behind the coup in Islamabad. Musharraf's reported offer to the US ambassador in Pakistan that he is willing to talk to India, is being seen in the context of Washington's keenness that South Asia's nuclear nations keep their peace--and their fingers off the nuclear trigger. But the overt willingness of the Clinton administration to talk to Musharraf or through a civilian puppet, is what has taken the sting out of the Indian reaction to the coup in Islamabad. New Delhi knows it doesn't have the luxury of distance, as does the US, to deal with the fluidity of the situation there. The impact of Musharraf's linkages to the Taliban is now being carefully evaluated….."

The Hindu, via News Plus 10/17/99 Vladimir Radyuhin "…..India and Russia are discussing plans to upgrade Indian air defences to cope with the challenges of modern warfare, defence experts said here. The plan calls for in-depth modernisation of Russian- supplied surface-to-air Pechora missiles and a step-by-step deployment of the new anti-ballistic missile system, S-300. India's Defence Ministry is currently evaluating Russian proposals for upgrading its S-125 Pechora-1 complexes. India is believed to have purchased ``several dozen'' Pechora complexes since 1974. …."

The Pioneer, via News Plus 10/16/99 K P S Gill "….The entire history of Pakistan reads like a cautionary tale on the consequences of the failure to think things through. If General Pervez Musharraf, after his clumsy take-over of governance, appears confused and directionless, he in only the most recent in a long chain of leaders who, seduced by the prospects of immediate and transient advantage, have led that country from disaster to disaster….."

Source: International Herald Tribune 10/16/99 Philip Bowring "….There may be an aura of inevitability surrounding the coup in Pakistan. But it would be foolish to welcome it just because Nawaz Sharif's government had become very unpopular, abused its power and proved incompetent at tackling the nation's myriad political and economic crises. That said, it is important that the international community refrain from knee-jerk, death-of-democracy responses to retaliate with aid cuts and other sanctions…."

Associated Press Kathy Gannon 10/16/99 "….Pakistan's hard-line Islamic groups vowed today to protect suspected terrorist Osama bin Laden and warned both the United States and United Nations that sanctions against Afghanistan would anger Muslims worldwide. On Friday, the U. N. Security Council gave Afghanistan's Taliban rulers one month to hand over bin Laden for trial in connection with the U.S. Embassy bombings in Africa or face limited sanctions. Reacting a day later, the Sipah-e-Sahaba -- a militant Sunni Muslim group blamed for the deaths of hundreds of Pakistan's minority Shiite Muslims -- said the United Nations was acting at the behest of the United States and warned that Muslims worldwide would react….``We support Osama because he is a great fighter who is continuing his jihad (holy war) in Afghanistan,'' Qasmi said. …."

Agence France-Presse 10/16/99 "….Observing the military coup in neighbouring Pakistan from its frontline, India views General Pervez Musharraf's assumption of power with deep mistrust, analysts and diplomats said Saturday. Noted for his unpredictability and widely suspected of inciting Islamic terrorism in Indian-administered Kashmir, Musharraf's dismissal of civilian government in Islamabad has prompted a cautious response from New Delhi. Although Indian forces along the border have been put on high alert, particularly in Kashmir, official statements have so far carefully avoided an aggressive tone and limited their response to "grave concern." "We need to be very careful," said Jasjit Singh, director of the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses and advisor to the Indian national security council. "His past record does not inspire a lot of confidence." …."

The Telegraph (India) 10/15/99 Pranay Sharma "….The US has decided to use India to highlight to Pakistan what it stands to lose unless civilian rule is restored. President Bill Clinton has sought Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee's cooperation to demonstrate to the world how democracy provides "the best foundation" for not only "domestic prosperity and stability but also for cooperation and harmony among democratic nations". Clinton called Vajpayee this evening to congratulate him on the manner in which elections were held and on the Prime Minister's personal victory….."

Washington Post 10/18/99 Pamela Constable Kamran Khan "....In his first major address since seizing power five days ago, Pakistan's new military ruler outlined ambitious plans to revive the economy, announced the withdrawal of some military forces from the Indian border and pledged to return the country to "true" democracy as soon as possible. Gen. Pervez Musharraf, who overthrew Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Tuesday and suspended parliamentary government, said he will rule for an undetermined period along with a six-member National Security Council. And, apparently trying to soothe anxious neighbors and the world at large, he also declared that he will handle Pakistan's nuclear arsenal with "restraint." ...."

Stratfor 10/16/99 "......1600 GMT, 991016 - Taliban Position Uncertain After Pakistani Coup The new military regime in Pakistan has left the question of Pakistan's policies toward the Taliban uncertain. Continued support for the fundamentalist group will likely hinge on Pakistan's internal stability. If stability is less of a concern to the new regime, foreign powers - either the United States or China - may play an increasingly important role in Pakistan's regional calculations. .......The coup in Pakistan has caused concern among the Taliban leadership in Afghanistan. In an Oct. 13 statement, Taliban Supreme Leader Mullah Mohammed Omar said, "We can firmly say that this change is a reaction to some moves by some foreign powers against the pride and independence of [Pakistan]." The group has expressed the hope that relations between the Taliban and Pakistan will remain the same. ...."

New York Times 10/17/99 Tim Weiner Steve LeVine ".....Pakistan's new military ruler is promising to give the people what they want -- an end to the country's chronic corruption. Gen. Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan's self-proclaimed chief executive, who by his own admission has little political experience, will pledge "credibility, transparency and accountability in running state affairs," the army said in a prepared statement. Apparently still preparing his speech, General Musharraf tentatively rescheduled for Sunday an address to the nation he was supposed to deliver Saturday. Accountability, in Pakistan's political lexicon, means cleaning up political corruption, and this nation gained a reputation in the 1990's as one of the world's most corrupt. ...."

The Hindustan Times, via News Plus 10/18/99 ".....Nuclear experts here, do not for the present believe, that Pakistan´s military regime will trigger any offensive against India, which may lead to a nuclear flare up. But, says Paul Beaver, UK spokesman for the Jane´s Defence Review, the Indian army would have to be in a state of more than normal alert. This is a view shared by other specialists at the International Peace Research Institute and the Centre for Defence Studies. Most feel that the military would first put its own organisation in order, including a review of the dismissal of the naval chief by Nawaz Sharif. But, Prof Bhupendra Jasani of the Peace Research Institute told this correspondent that India would have to be prepared for any sudden thrust along Kashmir borders......"

The Indian Express, via News Plus 10/19/99 Chidanand Rajghatta "....Except for expressing disappointment that Pakistani military leader Gen Pervez Musharraf had not outlined a timetable for return to civilian rule, the Clinton administration has responded positively to a raft of proposals he has made in a speech on Sunday and virtually legitimised his rule for the time being. Specifically, Washington has welcomed the military ruler's move to withdraw troops from some border areas with India; his promise of restraint in nuclear matters; and his sober views on Afghanistan and Islamic extremism. Reacting more readily than New Delhi to his overtures towards India, State Department spokesman James Rubin welcomed the General's commitment to dialogue with India and the unilateral announcement of troop withdrawal from some border areas. ...."

The Indian Express, via News Plus 10/19/99 ".... Democratic Congressmen Frank Pallone last night introduced a legislation in the House of Representatives to prevent the administration from waiving the Pressler Amendment, which prohibits U S economic and military assitance to Pakistan, reports PTI. Later, in a statement Pallone voiced concern over recent published reports, attributing to state department officials the suggestion that a resumption of arms supplies to Pakistan would be considered as an incentive for the return to civilian rule in that country. The purpose of the legislation, he pointed out was to make sure that the Clinton administration and ''future administrations, don't provide arms to Pakistan.'' ''given Pakistan's documented pattern of promoting instability and proliferation, we should keep the Pressler amendment in force'', Pallone said. ...."

The Associated Press, via News Plus 10/19/99 Barry Schweid "....Disappointed that Pakistan's new ruler has not presented a timetable for restoring democracy, the Clinton administration is pursuing a heavy diplomatic agenda with the South Asian country, nonetheless. A State Department spokesman, James Foley, said Tuesday ``we have important areas on which we need to work with Pakistan.'' Among them, he said, are promoting talks with India and trying to curb the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Pakistan borders Afghanistan, where the Taliban has given refuge to suspected terrorist leader Osama bin Laden, and Foley said ``we need to continue to work'' with Pakistan on that issue, as well......"

Jane's Defense Agency / Jane's Intelligence Review 10/15/99 Ehsan Ahrari ".... To insiders, there is a troubling unknown variable regarding the coup in Pakistan: General Musharraf himself. Whilst described as a 'straight man' and a 'soldier of soldiers', many unconfirmed reports indicate that he personally gave the green light to the Kargil military incursions of last May-July, in which Islamist radicals played a prominent role. If true, then he may have political connections with the right-wing Islamist parties in Pakistan. These parties have close ties with the Taliban of Afghanistan, the current protectors of Osama bin Laden, the Saudi-born financier who heads the wanted list of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The future stability of US-Pakistani ties are inextricably linked with this unknown variable...... General Musharraf's dealings with the radical Islamists of his own country and with the Taliban regime of Afghanistan will also serve as major litmus tests for China's next moves regarding Pakistan. China has been increasingly concerned regarding the reportedly growing contacts between the Taliban and separatist elements in its Xinjiang province....."

International Herald Tribune 10/21/99 Jim Hoagland "....Justifiable homicide is one way to think about the coup that General Pervez Musharraf staged against the corrupt, inept, democratically elected civilian government in Pakistan last week. He deserves no applause but thus far he has not earned hanging, either. General Musharraf acted in self-defense when Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif abruptly ordered him ousted and exiled...."

The Hindu, via News Plus 10/23/99 "..... The U.S. Ambassador to India, Mr. Richard Celeste, today confirmed the visit of the U. S. President, Mr. Bill Clinton, to India early next year. Addressing a meeting of senior industrialists here, Mr. Celeste said the exact dates for the visit were still being firmed up. The Ambassador told the industrialists that major business would be transacted before and after the President's visit as it would set the tone for a new kind of relationship between India and the United States. ..."

The Indian Express, via News Plus 10/23/99 "....Former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Benzir Bhutto, has admitted that the military establishment in the country, has prime control over the nuclear programme, reports PTI. In an interview to Newsweek magazine, she said, "There is no political control over what actually happens inside the programme." She said, as Prime Minister, when she asked to visit the nuclear facility, nobody said no, but the visit was stalled......"

Rediff On The Net, via News Plus 10/23/99 C K Arora "....The United States is sticking to its tough postures towards India on the nuclear issue, saying ''while we continue to believe that India is better off without nuclear weapons, we recognise that India feels it needs such capability.'' ''The tone and content of my trip and President Clinton's next year hinge on the progress we make in our security and non-proliferation dialogue,'' Energy Secretary Bill Richardson, who will visit New Delhi and Varanasi between October 26 and 28, told a press conference yesterday. When an Indian journalist sought to interpret his statement as the realisation on the part of the United States ''that India needs nuclear weapons,'' Richardson disagreed with him and read out from his prepared statement which laid emphasis on ''what India feels'' on the issue....."

Associated Press, via News Plus 10/24/99 "…..In a country of 140 million, just 322 families and businesses were responsible for $2.7 billion in debts to Pakistan's banks, local media reported Sunday, citing federal bank officials. The new military regime, which overthrew the elected government on Oct. 12, has begun a campaign to recover outstanding bank loans. Mohammed Yaqub, governor of the State Bank of Pakistan, listed deposed Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif as one of the debtors. Sharif has been out of public view under army guard since his ouster. ….."


The Indian Express, via News Plus 10/27/99 "....In Pakistan, ousted Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and several other senior functionaries of his government, could face charges of "high treason" and "sedition" as per a formal complaint lodged with the police in Karachi, reports PTI. Sharif has also been accused of sedition and for conspiring a mutiny in the armed forces....."

The Associated Press, via News Plus 10/26/99 Arthur Max "….U.S. Energy Secretary Bill Richardson asked India on Tuesday to reign in its nuclear weapons program in the next few months to ensure a successful visit by President Clinton, officials said. Richardson said Clinton would continue to suspend economic sanctions against India imposed after it tested nuclear weapons last year. ``We want to see progress on the proliferation front,'' Richardson said after delivering a letter from Clinton to Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. In his private meetings, Richardson made it clear that Clinton's trip -- delayed after the nuclear tests -- will go ahead, but that ``the President wants it to be a positive visit,'' said a U.S. official on condition of anonymity….."

Associated Press 10/27/99 "….President Clinton waived certain sanctions against India and Pakistan Wednesday, allowing development and military-training programs to continue. An initial waiver, issued last year, restored economic programs of the Export-Import Bank, Overseas Private Investment Corp. and the Trade and Development Agency. Clinton also lifted restrictions on activities of U.S. banks in the two nations and resumption of military education and training assistance.. ..."


Associated Press 11/10/99 Kathy Gannon "…..Pakistan's new military rulers on Thursday accused deposed premier Nawaz Sharif and eight others of treason and kidnapping - charges which carry the death penalty, police said. ….."

Indian Express 11/7/99 "....The Indian Army has been put on maximum alert following increased "activities" of China along the Indo-China border in the Arunachal Pradesh sector. "We have observed Chinese activities increasing on their side of the border since June last for which the troops have been put on maximum alert", the general officer commanding of army's Four Corps, Lt Gen D B Shekatkar, told newsmen here recently, reports PTI...."

The Indian Express 11/7/99 "…..The Indian Army has been put on maximum alert following increased "activities" of China along the Indo-China border in the Arunachal Pradesh sector. "We have observed Chinese activities increasing on their side of the border since June last for which the troops have been put on maximum alert", the general officer commanding of army's Four Corps, Lt Gen D B Shekatkar, told newsmen here recently, reports PTI. …."

New york Yimes 11/5/99 ".....John Paul II arrived in India on Friday to meet with the Roman Catholic bishops of Asia at a time when anti-Christian sentiment and violence among Hindu fundamentalists is at its highest in decades. The political hazards of the pope's visit, which coincides with Diwali, the Hindu Festival of Light, were made plain at his arrival. The frail 79-year-old pope slowly descended the ramp into a darkened airport, filled with armed security officers but unadorned by the usual welcome banners, bands or waving groups of Catholic school children......"

Washington Post 11/6/99 John Lancaster "….Walking a fine line between condemnation and appeasement, the Clinton administration pressed Pakistan yesterday to establish "milestones" for the restoration of democracy while also expressing willingness to "engage" the country's new military government on issues of mutual concern. Administration officials told a Pakistani envoy yesterday that the United States is eager to see a timetable for the restoration of the democracy, including a schedule for provincial and national elections, administration officials said….."

The Hindustan Times, via News Plus 11/3/99 Rakesh Sinha "….. There cannot be a more liberal gesture on the part of a Hindu organisation which the VHP has shown by welcoming the Pope on his forthcoming visit to India, much to the disappointment of the Indian secularists who were expecting a frenzied opposition by the Sangh parivar. The Pope as a religious head of the Christians holds a unique place in the religious and cultural sphere of the world because there is now no Ottoman Caliphate for the Muslims and the Shankaracharya does not enjoy much clout over the Hindus. The council called by Pope has the final say on missionary activities all over the world. Thus the VHP's demand for the Pope's apology on the ghastly acts of (un)Christian missionaries during the acquisition of Goa and their attempt to create political instability in border areas through demographic imbalances is not an aspersion on his holy stature; instead it is logical, pertinent and in consonance with the spirit of the new face of the Christianity under Pope John Paul II….."


Fox News 11/13/99 Reuters "…. The U.N. sanctions set to be imposed on Afghanistan on Sunday could rebound against the United States, a former Pakistani spymaster said. Retired army Lieutenant-General Hameed Gul, a former chief of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), also said the sanctions would put extra pressure on Pakistan because Islamabad would be caught between U.S. demands and its traditional support for Afghanistan's ruling Taliban. "Because I think there is no far-sightedness in this policy, it is not going to work. It is eventually going to bring humiliation to the United States because once the sanctions fail to work - the Taliban do not buckle - than it is going to boomerang on them,'' he told Reuters in an interview….."

AP 11/15/99 "…. Protesters angered by U.N. sanctions burned a U.N. office to the ground, set effigies of President Clinton ablaze, and scuffled with Taliban troops guarding the world body's buildings and equipment. The United Nations accused the religious army of not doing enough to stop the violence, which has gone on daily since the U.N. decided to slap sanctions on the country over its refusal to turn over suspected terrorist Osama bin Laden. Bin Laden, a Saudi exile who lives in Afghanistans ..."

The Chicago Tribune/Associated Press 11/14/99 "…mob attacked Christians holding a prayer meeting and Bible study outside a church in New Delhi, beating up several worshippers, newspapers in the capital reported Sunday. After the attack Saturday night, police arrested two people and charged them with obstructing a religious gathering, a charge carrying a maximum sentence of seven years in prison, a police officer said on condition of anonymity….."

Reuters via Yahoo! 11/12/99 Scott McDonald "….Six rockets were launched in a coordinated attack on U.S. and United Nations' offices in Pakistan's capital Islamabad Friday, police said. Police said only one injury was reported -- a Pakistani guard near the American Center was slightly injured by shrapnel -- and no one had claimed responsibility. The late morning attack came two days before U.N. sanctions backed by the United States were to go into effect against Afghanistan's ruling Taliban movement for not surrendering terrorism suspect Osama bin Laden….."

AP 11/20/99 "….India's religious communities are looking for ways to unite to preserve their identities in the face of aggressive Christian proselytizing, Hindu religious leaders said Saturday. ``It has become essential as never before that the tradition and culture of Rama and Buddha debate the past, present and future. We have to unite to face the assault'' of Christianity, said Acharya Dharmendra, of the World Hindu Council. Rama is the principal deity in the Hindu pantheon. Pope John Paul II's recent call for missionaries to spread Catholicism in Asia has sparked a sense of crisis among Hindu religious leaders who have gathered in Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha, for the fourth International Conference of Great Religions in Asia. …."

Khaleej Times--United Arab Emirates 11/25/99 PTI "….India is seriously considering to acquire a Russian "wonder weapon" to enhance the country's fire power. Designed by Splav state enterprise, "Smerch" is a new-generation multiple rocket launcher system capable of destroying enemy targets over the territory of 67 hectares in one volley of its 12 barrels capable of firing smart weapons between the range of 20-90 kilometres. Two Indian military delegations have visited Tula in July and September this year to evaluate the system and have shortlisted four types of rockets from the wide range of weapons offered by Russia, Indian military sources told PTI here….."

International Herald Tribune 11/30/99 Ramesh Thakur Zhang Yunling "….Asia in the next century will be shaped by the development of China and India. At present, relations between the world's two most populous countries oscillate between indifference and rivalry. But windows of opportunity are opening for new alignments in international cooperation. The nightmare scenario of some in the United States is for China, India and Russia to form an anti-Western axis as called for by former Prime Minister Yevgeni Primakov during a visit to India in December. This would bring together 2.5 billion people of three nuclear-armed countries in an alliance of convenience forged solely to counter U.S. global ''hegemony.''….." 12/27/99 "….Indian negotiatiors have arrived in Kandahar, Afghanistan, and are talking with the hijackers of an Indian Airlines jet who are demanding the release of a Pakistani activist and some Kashmiri militants from prison. The Indian team also included medical experts with medicine and spare parts for the hijacked jet, which arrived in Afghanistan on Saturday... "

Associated Press / ABC News 12/27/99 "….A young Taliban soldier, passing a massive plate of Afghan rice to hostages aboard the hijacked Indian Airlines plane, quickly drew his hand up to cover his nose. The odor was rancid, overwhelming. Four days after the plane was hijacked on its way from Nepal to India, the A300 Airbus sits on the tarmac in Kandahar with its engines running, the doors shut, the shades drawn... " 12/27/99 "….The five hijackers of an Indian Airlines jet now in Afghanistan have threatened to begin killing passengers if their demands are not met, the Taliban ambassador to Pakistan said. In response to the threat, India agreed to send a "high level delegation" to negotiate with the hijackers. ... "

Asian Age 1/5/00 "…..Pakistan Chief Executive General Pervez Musharraf warned in remarks aired on Tuesday that Pakistan will not hesitate to use nuclear weapons if its security is threatened. "If the security of Pakistan is threatened, surely we would not allow Pakistan to die. That will not be allowed," Gen. Musharraf said in an interview with CNN broadcast on Tuesday. His remarks were in reply to a question about the conditions in which Pakistan would be prepared to use nuclear weapons, NNI news agency reported…."

Virtual NY and UPI 1/6/00 AP "…A Pakistani Islamic cleric, freed by India as a swap deal to end the Indian Airlines hijacking, has called on his followers to destroy the United States and India. Surrounded by automatic gun-wielding bodyguards, Maulana Masood Azhar made a fiery speech to nearly 15,000 supporters in front of an Islamic seminary and vowed to liberate Kashmir from Indian rule. During his 25-minute speech, Azhar said, "I have come here because this is my duty to tell you that Muslims should not rest in peace until we have destroyed America and India." Azhar told a cheering crowd, "Go and tell Indians and those who have suppressed Muslims that mujahideen are a force of Allah and we will soon hoist the flag of Islam all over the world." "I have only come here because I need warriors. I will not rest until Muslims get liberated," he said. The crowd shouted in approval, "Allah is great," and, "Death to India, death to the United States." …."

Electronic Telegraph 1/7/99 David Rennie "….THE teenage head of one of the four great sects of Tibetan Buddhism has escaped from Chinese Communist rule to India after a trek through the Himalayas, sources said yesterday. The 17th Karmapa stumbled with four attendants into Dharamsala, the seat in exile of the Dalai Lama, after an epic journey at the worst time of the year. The 14-year-old is now recovering from his ordeal. It is not clear how he started his 900-mile journey from his remote monastery home, 30 miles north-west of the capital, Lhasa...."


CNN 1/10/00 Reuters "….A Pakistani Moslem cleric freed last month by India in return for hostages on a hijacked plane vowed on Sunday to recruit half a million men to fight Indian rule in Kashmir. "We are going to organize a 500,000 mujahideen (holy warrior) force to fight against the Indians," Masood Azhar told thousands of people at an Eid al-Fitr ceremony marking the end of the Moslem fasting month of Ramadan. Azhar said the force would be recruited from all over Pakistan, but gave no details….."

Hindustan Times 1/23/2000 "….CENTURY FOUNDATION Fellow and South Asian expert Selig Harrison has warned in a recent article in the Los Angeles Times that "indefinite military rule (in Pakistan) is the road to internal chaos and another Indo-Pakistani war." ….. The expert noted that military regimes in Pakistan have tended to be more destabilising for the region. "History has shown that military regimes in Islamabad have not only been just as corrupt as civilian governments, but have invariably relied on tensions with India to fortify their domestic control." …..Harrison noted that the Islamabad's ruling junta was deeply divided between its front man, Gen Pervez Musharraf, and two more powerful generals with longstanding ties to the Pakistan-based Islamic fundamentalist group responsible for the hijacking (of the IA plane): Lt. Gen. Mohammed Aziz, chief of the general staff, and Lt. Gen. Mahmoud Ahmed, director of ISI…… Harrison also warned against the US making "a devil's bargain" with Islamabad, offering military aid and other inducements for Pakistani help in getting Afghanistan to turn over terrorist leader Bin Laden….."

The News International Pakistan 1/23/2000 "….Pakistan quoted on Saturday the United States as denying any secret deal with India and described as untrue reports that America was supporting Indian efforts to seek a permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council. "The US is not negotiating any secret deal with India in exchange for its signature on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) as this was confirmed by US Assistant Secretary of State Karl Inderfurth in the course of his talks at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on January 21," an official statement said. Quoting Foreign Office spokesman Tariq Altaf, the statement again used American confirmation to Pakistan to dub as untrue the speculation that the United States would support New Delhi's efforts for a permanent membership of the UN Security Council. …."

China. Org 12/23/2000 "…. Pakistan and India accused each other on Saturday of sending troops across a military control line dividing Kashmir in a raid in which several soldiers died. Pakistan said it would lodge a protest with arch-foe India and the UN's UNMOGIP monitoring body and asked the international community to press India for restraint. Foreign Office spokesman Tariq Altaf and army spokesman Brigadier Rashid Qureshi said the clash happened just after midnight and firing continued as night fell. In a separate incident, police in Daroti, 240 km (150 miles) south of the area where the troops clashed, said an Indian mortar and machinegun attack killed three people and wounded 15 at a funeral. Several of the injured were in a critical condition, they said. ….."

The Russia Journal 1/17/2000 Lyuba Pronina "…. Russia and India are drawing up joint plans to create a medium-haul passenger airliner, officials at the Ilyushin aviation complex, one of Russia's prime civil aircraft designers, said last week. Ilyushin Il-214, a 100-seat airliner, is now at the negotiation stage with the Indian side - which is deciding on design aspects of the plane-to-be. "Everything will be defined as the negotiation on the project goes along, and different variants are possible," Viktor Livanov, general director of Ilyushin's aviation complex, was quoted by Interfax as saying…."

The Telegraph (India) 1/22/2000 "….In the biggest operation since the Kargil war, troops today beat back a Pakistani attempt to capture a frontier post in the Akhnoor sector of Jammu region. Sixteen intruders were killed in the crack-of-dawn raid while four Indian jawans were wounded. An army spokesman here said a group of Pakistani troops mounted an assault on Post PP13 around 5 this morning. Led by an officer, about 25 Pakistani soldiers belonging to the 24 Baluch regiment crossed over into Indian territory and tried to capture the post near Raipur in Akhnoor...."

China Daily 1/20/2000 "…. US Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers Wednesday linked lifting of US sanctions on India in the wake of India's nuclear blasts to the outcome of the on-going Indo-US dialogue on security-related issues. Summers, who is in Bangalore as part of a four-day visit to the country, said that he is confident that the two countries would come to an understanding on security issues. He indicated that resolving security issues forms the basis for "normalization" of all economic relations between the United States and India. Asked how long India would have to wait for the US to withdraw sanctions, he said, "It will depend on how the talks proceed." ….."

ABC - Raw News 1/10/00 Reuters "....The United States said on Monday India has agreed to eliminate trade barriers to U.S. farm goods, textiles and a wide range of other products, one month after the collapse of global trade talks in Seattle. U.S. Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky said the agreement calls for India to lift more than 1,400 specific restrictions, clearing the way for shipments of U.S. grain, automobiles, wines and other goods. Half of these restrictions will be lifted within three months; the rest will be lifted by April 1, 2001, well ahead of similar agreements with the European Union and Japan...... "

The Telegraph (India) 1/10/00 K.P. NAYAR ".... The negotiators who bought the release of 160 passengers aboard Flight IC 814 allowed the five sky pirates to hijack the Indian Airlines plane a second time after external affairs minister Jaswant Singh and the freed hostages left Kandahar for Delhi. The second hijacking of the Airbus 300, whose flight originated in Kathmandu, took place within minutes of Singh leaving and TV crews and journalists pulling out of Kandahar airport. Helpless officials of Indian Airlines and Alliance Air witnessed the second hijack as the sky pirates told them to stay away from the plane as they took possession of the Airbus once again. The hijackers were accompanied on their return to the plane by the Taliban official who they had ostensibly taken hostage at the end of the negotiations to ensure their safe passage out of Afghanistan. Gone was the gun which the hijackers had put to the head of the Taliban official - the brother of military commander Akhtar Usmani - for the benefit of the world media at the end of the hijack...... More chilling was their realisation that the Taliban and the hijackers were in the terrorist plot together and that taking Usmani's brother as an Afghan hostage was a drama staged to fool the world. The Indians on the Kandahar airport tarmac were then scared to death......"

South China Morning Post 2/3/2000 Reuters "….Pakistan's military-led government has approved the establishment of a high-powered nuclear command and control authority, the official APP news agency reported. The move follows Pakistan's frequent statements, in the wake of atomic tests in May 1998, that it was working to set up a command and control mechanism for its nuclear weapons programme.

APP said Pakistan's apex administrative body, the National Security Council, headed by military ruler General Pervez Musharraf, met on Wednesday and approved the setting up of the National Command Authority. ''The National Command Authority will be responsible for policy formulation and will exercise employment and development control over all strategic nuclear forces and strategic organisations,'' APP said. The agency did not say when the authority would start functioning. …."

Russia Today 2/1/2000 AFP "..... India is to buy at least 300 T-90S tanks from Russia, Interfax news agency reported Monday quoting officials at the Chelyabinsk factory that produces them. A contract was to be signed shortly after negotiations taking place in New Delhi between Indian authorities and Russia's state enterprise for arms sales Rosvooruzhenye. Interfax said the T-90S tank was tested by the Indian military in 1998. ...."

South China Morning Post 1/27/2000 Fred Weir "…. In the latest escalation of a war of words, Moscow has rebuked Pakistan for aiding and abetting Islamic terrorists who launch "holy war" against Russia and other countries. "In spite of Pakistan's official condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, the unhindered activity of a whole array of extremist organisations openly calling for jihad [holy war] against sovereign states continues on Pakistani territory," Russia's Foreign Ministry said yesterday. Russian security sources have been saying for months that large numbers of Islamic mercenaries fighting on the side of breakaway Chechnya were trained in special guerilla warfare camps inside Pakistan. …."

Times of India 1/28/2000 "….Maulana Masood Azhar, one of the three militants freed by New Delhi to end the hijacking of an Indian Airlines aircraft last month, Thursday said he had six lakh militants ready for a war with India. ``Should India dare to attack, our six lakh mujahideen are ready to enter that country and tear it apart,'' Azhar, appearing under armed guard before a gathering at a mosque in Islamabad, said. ``Let us be ready for Kashmir jehad,'' he told the gathering. He lashed out at New Delhi and warned his fighters were ready to respond to any Indian attack. Police stood guard alongside men from Azhar's own groups, armed with Kalashnikov assault rifles. Gunmen took up positions on the roof. Azhar, wearing a turban, arrived in a pick-up with a police escort and armed guards sitting beside him. ….."

Frontier Post (Pakistan) 1/28/2000 Brig Usman Khalid "…. It was only a couple of weeks after the 12 October '99 that an article by me was published in the Frontier Post under the title "Shadow of '69 hangs over '99." I said that India believes that it has another opportunity to inflict a military defeat on Pakistan as it did in the wake of takeover by General Yahya Khan. India was successful in demonising and isolating Pakistan 30 years ago and obtain western support for its invasion of East Pakistan. It was an ally of Russia at that time; it is a strategic partner of the US now. It believes that the task of isolating Pakistan is easier than ever before. The manner of hijack of an Indian Airline plane and the way it ended clearly shows that it was the work of Indian intelligence….."

South China Morning Post 1/27/2000 AFP "….The military rulers yesterday defended their clampdown on the judiciary as critics warned that the regime was sliding towards dictatorship. Pakistan's chief justice, five Supreme Court judges and several other senior judges were replaced on Wednesday after refusing to swear an oath of allegiance to the military regime. The move comes just a week before the country's top judge had been due to hear a petition against October's military coup and as the trial of deposed premier Nawaz Sharif opened in a Karachi anti-terrorism court. It sparked criticism from the press, human rights organisations and politicians. ..."

Hindustan Times 1/30/2000 "….Chinese President Jiang Zemin has made some highly derogatory references to India in a recent meeting with the head of state of one of the world's major powers. Even by Chinese standards, the scorn Jiang poured on India and the warning he delivered were extraordinary. For India, Jiang's truculent comments are a reminder that without a clearheaded, long-term China policy, it risks further trouble. Over the years, India has bent backwards to court China, only to be taken in by its own rhetoric. This was true of Nehru's Hindi-Chini bhai bhai policy that led to the 1962 invasion, Vajpayee's pioneering but botched 1979 trip during which the Chinese attacked Vietnam, and Rajiv Gandhi's 1988-initiated rapprochement process that gave Beijing cover for a decade of accelerated containment of India. India still doesn't have a clear China policy. While Fernandes stated that China is "a bigger potential threat" than Pakistan, Jaswant Singh gave Beijing a clean chit by declaring from Chinese soil that it is "not a security threat to India". Jiang's hitherto unrevealed comments make clear that despite New Delhi's efforts to mollify China, Beijing treats India as a country to be threatened, belittled and kept in check. During the meeting with the foreign dignitary, Jiang on his own brought up Tibet and the 1962 war with India. He claimed that India "attacked" China but the aggression was repulsed. According to the meeting's transcripts, Jiang said: "If India were to attack China again, we'll crush it this time." ….."

The Economist 1/27/2000 "….INDIA paraded its missiles and tanks along with its singers and dancers in the celebrations in Delhi on January 26th to mark its 50th anniversary as a republic . But there is a grim sense in the capital that the hardware may soon be pointed north and west, towards Pakistan. Relations between the two nuclear powers, never good, have worsened steadily since Pakistan tried unsuccessfully to seize a chunk of Kashmir, a disputed northern state, from India last spring. The general regarded by India as largely responsible for the invasion has since taken power in Pakistan in a coup. A group of terrorists hijacked an Indian Airlines jet in December, an operation planned, India alleges, by Pakistan. ore battles, real and rhetorical, have since erupted. India and Pakistan have accused each other's armies of crossing the "line of control", which divides Indian Kashmir from the part of the state administered by Pakistan. India claims that at least 25 Pakistani soldiers were killed in their unsuccessful raid on a border post. The defence minister said on January 24th that Pakistan's nuclear weapons would not deter India from fighting a limited conventional war in self-defence. General Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan's ruler, was as blunt: "We will teach [India] a lesson" if it crosses the line of control, he said. ……. There is a feeling in Delhi that Indian patience with Pakistani provocation is about to snap……"

Asian Age 1/31/2000 A K Dhar "….The Pakistan Army has reportedly planned a major Kargil-type offensive in the coming months aimed at cutting off large formations of Indian forces in Jammu and Kashmir, according to a former aide to a top Taliban commander. Pakistani military planners have directed big mercenary groups to attempt to cut off the Jammu-Srinagar and Jammu-Poonch highways in a bid to isolate troops stationed on the LoC. They have asked large groups of mercenaries to concentrate on lightly-held heights of the Pir Panjal range straddling the two highways...."

Russia Today 1/27/2000 Interfax "….By the end of the year Russia and India may "arrive at a contract" on the construction of Kudankulam nuclear power plant in India, Russian Atomic Energy Minister Yevgeny Adamov told the Moscow press on Wednesday. He said that the Indian side is studying the technical plan of the project drafted by Russia. The documents require the approval of the Indian government. Adamov said the estimated cost of the contract for the construction of the first power unit is $1.5 billion to $2 billion…."

South China Morning Post 1/24/2000 Tasgola Karla Bruner "….The United States will find in General Pervez Musharraf a willing partner open to advice but also a man who will not buckle under pressure to appease the West, say observers. This means that although the general will have a more consistent stance than former prime minister Nawaz Sharif about combating terrorism, he will move at his own pace and probably frustrate the US Government's push for a crackdown on militant Islamic groups in Pakistan. After last week's visit to Pakistan, US Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia Karl Inderfurth said the "need to reduce the threat of terrorism, which stems from this region and directly threatens the US and Pakistan as well as the region and the world, was illustrated by the hijacking of the Indian Airlines flight". …."

China Daily 1/26/2000 Agencies "….US President Bill Clinton said on Tuesday that no evidence shows that the Pakistani government supported the hijacking of an Indian Airlines plane last month. Clinton made the statement at the White House at an event when responding to a published report that implicated the Pakistani government. The New York Times reported Tuesday that the United States now believes that a terrorist group supported by the Pakistani military was responsible for the hijacking of an Indian airlines jet last month. "I guess the simplest thing I can tell you is that we do not have evidence that the Pakistani government was in any way involved in that hijacking," Clinton told reporters. The US Stated Department, however, said the hijackers may have been linked to a terrorist group that operates in Kashmir -- a territory disputed by Pakistan and India. …."

Rediff On The Net 1/24/2000 J M Shenoy "….Many of the 40 Indian computer programmers, arrested last week by American immigration agents on the suspicion that they had violated their contracts, are contemplating law suits against the agency, but the Immigration and Naturalization Service is flatly denying it did anything wrong. INS officials feel the two firms that brought most of these programmers to America skirted the law and violated H1-B visa agreements to place them in jobs that were not part of the agreement. The techies, who have been released, believe their arrest was meant to discourage people coming to America under the H1-B, which last year allowed 115,000 foreigners -- a substantial number from India -- to work mostly in high-tech fields. American labor unions and many liberal and conservative political leaders have opposed these visas. Senator Edward M Kennedy (Democrat, Massachusetts) complained that the American hi-tech industry wants foreign workers because they come at substantially reduced salaries….."

The Telegraph (India) 1/25/2000 "….Defence minister George Fernandes today announced that the Taliban was hand in glove with the hijackers of the Indian Airlines Airbus, the first statement by an Indian minister which ripped the veneer off the government's public stance on the militia's role. "There was not only sympathy but much more than that for the hijackers in Kandahar," Fernandes told a seminar on Asian security. No Indian leader has so far gone on record criticising the Taliban. Foreign minister Jaswant Singh, India's main negotiator who went to Kandahar to bring back the hostages, had expressed Delhi's gratitude towards the Taliban for its cooperation. Though Singh maintained that there would be no "fundamental" change in India's Afghan policy in the aftermath of the hijacking, he refrained from making any adverse remarks about the Taliban. However, Fernandes, not known for mincing words on bilateral issues, said: "Everyone knew of the Taliban's involvement with Pakistan and the hijackers. At that point Taliban had facilitated the Indian negotiating team, and beyond that we have not gone to compliment the Taliban regime." …."

Times of India 1/25/2000 "….Islamabad's ruling junta is deeply divided between its front man Gen. Pervez Musharraf, and two more powerful generals with long-standing ties to the Pakistan-based Islamic fundamentalist group responsible for the hijacking -- Lt. Gen. Mohammed Aziz, chief of general staff, and Lt. Gen. Mahmoud Ahmed, director of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), said a noted US expert on South Asia. Despite detailed evidence presented by India, there is no smoking gun to prove that the Pakistani government staged the hijacking, said senior fellow of the Century Foundation, Selig S. Harrison. It is clear, however, that the increasing power of fundamentalist sympathisers in the military leadership enables Islamic extremists to operate in Pakistan with impunity. Writing in the Los Angeles Times, he said, Pakistani cleric Maulana Masood Azhar, one of the prisoners released by India to resolve the hijacking crisis, revealed that the hijackers were in Kashmir, which meant that they travelled through Pakistan after leaving Afghanistan….."

New York Times 1/25/2000 Jane Perlez "….The United States now believes that a terrorist group supported by the Pakistani military was responsible for the hijacking of an Indian Airlines jet last month, a judgment that puts Pakistan at risk of being placed on Washington's list of nations that support terrorism, Clinton administration officials said. The new military leader of Pakistan, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, was asked in a meeting with three administration officials in Islamabad last week to ban the group, Harkat ul-Mujahedeen, but the request was rebuffed, senior officials here said. General Musharraf was also asked to exert pressure on the Taliban government in Afghanistan, with whom Pakistan has friendly relations, to expel Osama bin Laden, implicated in the bombings of two American Embassies in Africa, but no progress was made with that request either, the officials said. The conclusion that a terrorist group supported by Pakistan carried out the hijacking comes as the White House must make a decision in coming weeks about whether President Clinton should visit Pakistan as part of his planned visit to India and Bangladesh at the end of March….."


Times of India 2/6/00 "….Pakistan's ISI has directed all militant groups operating in Jammu and Kashmir to intensify their activities in the run up to US President Bill Clinton's five-day visit from March 20, official sources said. The directions came after a meeting at Rawalpindi last month, which was attended by Pakistan's military ruler Gen. Pervez Musharraf, ISI commanders and leaders of various militant groups. They said Brig. Riyaz has been appointed as ISI's director for Jammu and Kashmir affairs to make concerted efforts for raising the pitch before Clinton's visit. ….."

South China Morning Post 2/7/00 AP "…..Pakistan yesterday test-fired a new, more accurate short-range surface-to-surface missile, a move which is likely to aggravate already troubled relations with neighbouring India. According to a government statement the missile can hit targets 100km away and can carry a variety of warheads. It did not say whether that included a nuclear warhead. South Asia's hostile neighbours tested nuclear devices in 1998 and declared themselves nuclear powers. Both countries possess ballistic missiles with longer ranges than the one tested yesterday by Pakistan. ….."

The Times of India 2/7/00 Ajay Bharadwaj "…..The Prime Minister has said India is prepared for a nuclear war if it is thrust upon us, and would not be cowed down by Pakistan's threats in this regard. Speaking at a function here, organised to pay homage to the Kargil martyrs on Sunday, the PM reaffirmed India's resolve to retrieve the part of Kashmir that Pakistan forcibly captured immediately after independence. Vajpayee said that though India has declared it will not make first use of nuclear weapons, ``if somebody does it first, we are prepared to pay him back in the same coin''. …."

Washington Post 2/7/00 Kathy Gannon "….Pakistan test fired a new, more accurate short-range surface-to-surface missile today, a move that is likely to aggravate already troubled relations with neighbor India. According to a government statement, the missile can hit targets 60 miles away and can carry a variety of warheads. It did not say whether that included a nuclear warhead. South Asia's hostile neighbors, India and Pakistan, tested nuclear devices in 1998 and declared themselves nuclear powers. Both countries possess ballistic missiles with longer ranges than the one tested today by Pakistan. "The new design allows a greater payload, improved accuracy and can successfully destroy targets" up to 63 miles away using a variety of warheads, the government statement said. ….."

The Washington Times 2/7/00 Dr Gurmit Singh Aulakh "….President Clinton said that he is visiting India next month because "it is the biggest democracy in the world" ("Clinton aims to 'engage' India during March visit," Feb. 2), but according to Amnesty Iternational and human-rights groups, thousands of Sikh, Christian, Muslim and other political prisoners are being held in Indian jails without charge or trial. Many of these Sikh political prisoners have been held in illegal custody since 1984. Why are there political prisoners in a democracy? Last month, Mandeep Pal Singh Sodhi, a 27-year-old Sikh, immolated himself in front of the Assembly building in Uttar Pradesh to protest the brutal torture and tyranny that have been inflicted on his family by the police. According to the Hindustan Times, the police have illegally detained his brothers on false charges several times. They have been tortured repeatedly. ……This is just part of the Indian repression of the Sikh nation. The Indian government has murdered more than 250,000 Sikhs since 1984. It also has murdered more than 200,000 Christians in Nagaland since 1947, more than 65,000 Muslims in Kashmir since 1988 and tens of thousands of Assamese, Dalits, Manipuris, Tamils, and others. Allies of the Indian government have murdered priests, nuns and missionaries. They have burned down Christian churches. The police broke up a Christian religious festival with gunfire. This is not the way things are done in a democracy. Rep. Dana Rohrabacher is right when he says that for the minorities of South Asia, India "might as well be Nazi Germany." …."

Rediff 2/7/00 Tara Shankar Shay "…..New Delhi will regard President Bill Clinton's Indian visit a "failure" if he proceeds to Islamabad during his impending sub-continental tour. This is the conclusion drawn by the policy-makers in South Block following indications that, despite the earlier snub to Pakistan, Clinton might go there after all. "We are very clear that President Clinton's Indian visit is to strengthen Indo-US relations and we are happy about it. But the goodwill thus generated will be undone if he proceeds to Islamabad which has been aiding and abetting cross-border terrorism against India," sources in the ministry of external affairs told ….."

The Telegraph (India) 2/6/00 Gajinder Singh Agencies "…..Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee today said India would review its commitment to no first use of nuclear weapons if Pakistan continued to foster terrorism in Kashmir and other parts of the country. "We are geared to meet any eventuality, including a nuclear strike. Though we have committed ourselves to no first use of nuclear weapons, it does not mean we will not use it to safeguard the integrity and unity of the country," he told a meeting here. Pakistani military ruler Pervez Musharraf had recently said he would consider using the nuclear option if India threatened his country's security. ….."

Hindustan Times 2/10/00 Sultan Shahin "….Women in Pakistan live in fear. They face death by shooting, burning or killing with axes if they are deemed to have brought shame on the family. They are killed for supposed 'illicit' relationships, for marrying men of their choice, for divorcing husbands. They are even murdered by their kin if they are raped as they are thereby deemed to have brought shame on the family. The truth of the suspicion does not matter - merely the allegation is enough to bring dishonour on the family and therefore justifies the slaying. As Amnesty International introduced its recent report on "honour-killing" in Pakistan with these lines, there were howls of protest in the Pakistani media, dubbing the International Human Rights Organisation as 'biased'. But now the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) itself has described a similar situation prevailing in the country. It reveals that 266 women were murdered, 82 by brothers and 52 by husbands, in "honour killings" in and around Lahore from Jan to Nov 1999. As many as 163 died in "stove-burst" incidents, reasons for which included dowry-related disputes. Fifteen per cent of those killed were young girls, mostly newly married, in the case of unexplained stove explosions the victims and their murderers were close family members. Out of the 675 women killed, 85 were minors, 241 were killed for illicit relations outside marriage and 480 murders involved close relatives. As many as 150 cases were not registered…….."

Times of India 2/14/00 "…..Kathmandu: A festering Maoist insurgency in Nepal is entering the fifth year, with the government at a loss over how to tackle the violent campaign which has so far cost more than 1,300 lives. Ahead of the anniversary today of the Maoist 'People's War,' the rebels have vowed to intensify their campaign for an end to monarchy in the Himalayan kingdom and the creation of a republic, a demand that goes against the Nepali Constitution in which a constitutional monarchy with a multi-party parliamentary system is an irrevocable provision. Government critics and opposition parties charge that the Nepali Congress administration has no clear policy on how to tackle the insurgency, which was launched from two remote hill districts in 1996 and has now spread to 42 of Nepal's 75 districts….."

The Daily Star 2/13/00 Zaglul Chowdhury "….Washington evidently is concerned at this Indo-Pak stalemate and feels strongly to do something to ease tensions between them. "As the lone superpower, the US must get involved to find a solution to their problems like other major international disputes although we cannot impose any settlement." But how far the US can go in the given complex ties between the two neighbours? The bitter ties between two South Asian rivals - India and Pakistan - stemming from their unending problem is unquestionably the main source of unfavourable political environment in the region. This scenario is undoubtedly the major flash point in the global scene and the New Delhi-Islamabad relationship appears to be in its lowest ebb in many years. The US President Bill Clinton, on the other hand, has remarked three days ago that he is "profoundly concerned" at this situation and would be happy to contribute in easing tensions between them before leaving the office of the most powerful nation in the world……"

Telegraph 2/13/00 Christian Lamb "….At 20,000 feet, it is so hard to breathe that simply walking requires a rest after every four paces, and so cold that the merest touch of metal on skin produces instantaneous frostbite. Speaking makes the head spin and the lack of oxygen can cause the lungs to fill with blood and fluid, suffocating the victim. Yet up here, amid the soaring peaks where the Karakoram and Himalayas meet, elite forces of the Indian and Pakistani armies are waging war. It is the world's highest battlefield; it is costing both sides millions of dollars and thousands of lives. All to control an uninhabitable stretch of frozen wasteland. "This is no place for man," admits Col Faisal Burki, the swashbuckling deputy commander of Pakistan's Siachen Brigade. "Here we are pushing human endurance to the limits." Figures provided to The Telegraph by the Pakistani army show that the conflict is costing the impoverished country a staggering £7.5 million a day, although they claim that India is spending many times that. That the two poverty-stricken nations will go to such lengths to control a 40-mile long glacier of no strategic value does not augur well. They have fought three wars since Partition in 1947, and tensions between India's Hindu-nationalist-led government and Pakistan's military regime are running so high that many diplomats predict a fourth. Only this time it could be deadlier - in the past two years both countries have test-fired nuclear devices. …."

CIA Website 2/2/200 George Tenet "…. Whatever suspicions and fissures exist among states in East Asia, they pale in comparison to the deep-seated rivalry between India and Pakistan. Mr. Chairman, last spring, the two countries narrowly averted a full-scale war in Kashmir, which could have escalated to the nuclear level. The military balance can be summarized easily: India enjoys advantages over Pakistan in most areas of conventional defense preparedness, including a decisive advantage in fighter aircraft, almost twice as many men under arms, and a much larger economy.

* Recent changes in government in both countries add tensions the picture. The October coup in Pakistan that brought to power Gen. Musharraf-who served as Army chief during the Kargil conflict with India last summer-has reinforced New Delhi's inclination not to reopen the bilateral dialogue anytime soon.
* Pakistanis are equally suspicious of India's newly elected coalition government in which Hindu nationalists hold significant sway. Clearly, the dispute over Kashmir remains as intractable as ever.
* We are particularly concerned that heavy fighting is continuing through the winter, unlike in the past, and probably will increase significantly in the spring.
* New Delhi may opt to crack down hard on Kashmiri militants operating on the Indian side of the Line of Control or even order military strikes against militant training camps inside Pakistani-held Kashmir.
* Thus, we must head into the new year, Mr. Chairman, with continuing deep concerns about the antagonisms that persist in South Asia and their potential to fuel a wider and more dangerous conflict on the subcontinent.

AFP 2/6/00 "….Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee on Sunday threatened a retaliatory strike against Pakistan if Islamabad unleashed nuclear weapons on New Delhi. "We have always said we are for no-first use of nuclear weapons," the Press Trust of India quoted him as saying in the northern city of Jalandhar. "But if somebody uses it against us, we will not refrain from doing so," he said. "We cannot just keep quiet while such weapons are used against us." The United News of India quoted Vajpayee as saying, "if Pakistan thought that it could destroy India by a nuclear bomb, it was grossly mistaken." …."

Times of India 2/7/00 "….. India's nuclear weapons policy is based on a minimum deterrence and the country has no plans to get into a nuclear arms race with China, national security advisor Brajesh Mishra said Sunday. ``We are not, definitely not, attempting to catch up with China in the number of delivery systems or warheads,'' Mishra said in a speech to the annual Munich security meeting. ``Our nuclear doctrine is based on no first use (and) no nuclear arms race,'' he said, adding that India was seeking to maintain a minimum but credible deterrence. ``Since there is no first use, deployment will not be offensive,'' he said. ……"

Times of India 2/4/00 "…. In a remarkably sobering assessment of the threats facing the US, CIA director George Tenet told a Senate committee Wednesday that growing resentment of American power plus new technologies means that the US has become ``a lightning rod for the disaffected''. Tenet told the Senate select committee on intelligence, ``The fact that we are arguably the world's most powerful nation does not bestow invulnerability. In fact, it may make us a larger target for those who don't share our interests, values or beliefs.'' Pakistan is now one of the breeding grounds for extremists and Saudi dissident Osama Bin Laden is still the foremost among terrorists ``because of the immediacy and seriousness of the threat he poses,'' Tenet warned. Testifying on the fight against terrorism, he said that ``there is now an intricate web of alliances among Sunni extremists worldwide, including north Africans, radical Palestinians, Pakistanis and central Asians.'' Some of these terrorists, he said, are actively sponsored by national governments that harbour great antipathy towards the US and one is Iran which remains the most active state sponsor……"

The Hindustan Times 2/21/00 Vijay Dutt "….THERE IS an increasing feeling among Western analysts that the SAUDI-exile Osama Bin Laden, could either cause the downfall of Gen Pervez Musharraf or make the West declare Pakistan a terrorist state. The most wanted terrorist on the US list, he has become an stifling albatross around the neck of the military regime in Islamabad. The US intelligence and the West as a whole are alarmed at reports that Osama's Al Qaida organisation is trying to acquire chemical and nuclear weapons to mount an assault against Americans all over the world. He can get help from Pakistan for the acquisition of nuclear technology and raising of volunteers. A recent intelligence report alleges that Osama is developing surrogates to avoid detection. Many of them are believed by western strategists to be in training camps in Pakistan. He is also being reportedly helped by the ISI……."

Times of India 2/18/00 "…..France should make a clear choice between democratic India and military-ruled Pakistan if it wants a strategic partner in South Asia, Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee said in an interview published Thursday. Speaking before a visit by French foreign minister Hubert Vedrine, Vajpayee told the daily Le Figaro that India wanted a strategic dialogue and a defence partnership with France. ``But for that, your country has to make a strategic choice between the great democratic power India and Pakistan, a small country under military dictatorship,'' he said. French diplomats say Paris sees no conflict between a closer strategic relationship with India and its continued ties to Pakistan, to which it has sold arms in the past. ….."

Washington Times 2/16/00 Ben Barber "….Pakistan's military rulers sent an envoy to Washington yesterday to defuse U.S. concerns about terrorism and lack of democracy - and to warn that if President Clinton skips Pakistan during a trip to India next month it will escalate tensions in nuclear-armed South Asia. Minister Omar Asghar Khan met U.S. officials yesterday in Washington and disclosed plans to hold local elections by the end of the year as a first step toward restoring democracy in the Islamic nation of 150 million. "We now have a free press and a lean, clean government with no scandals so far," said Mr. Asghar. "We are committed to transfer power to civilians." Mr. Clinton, who is slated to visit India and Bangladesh next month, has not decided whether the trip will also include a stop in Pakistan, a nation ruled by a military junta that seized power from a civilian government in October. …."

Drudge 2/15/00 UPI "…..Right-wing Hindu zealots attacked and humiliated dozens of couples celebrating Valentine's Day in northern India, saying the festival was an incursion of western culture. The Hindustan Times newspaper reported that two girls with their faces bruised from beatings were paraded on a crowded mall Road in Kanpur city. Newspaper reports identified the attackers as the activists of a students' group affiliated with hard-line nationalist organization called RSS, which claimed Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee as a member. ……" 2/15/00 "…..Pakistan's leader, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, visited Pakistani Kashmir on Feb. 5 for Kashmir Solidarity Day and pledged his support to insurgent groups. Calling on them to unite, Musharraf is publicizing the insurgent movement to attract Pakistani militants from the conflict in Afghanistan to the one in Kashmir. On Feb. 1, Musharraf met with a top Taliban leader and urged the Taliban to open a dialogue with its rival the Northern Alliance, reported Radio Pakistan. Musharraf also announced Feb. 7 that he would visit Afghanistan "soon" to meet with Taliban leader Mullar Mohammad Omar to discuss terrorism and the expulsion of Osama bin Ladin. On the one hand, Musharraf is attempting to quell the conflict in Afghanistan. By helping to decrease the Taliban's activities, Pakistan gains the favor of China, which is wrestling with its own insurgencies. The strategy in Afghanistan mirrors a broader foreign policy: attempting to gain foreign legitimacy, as well as foreign investment. U.S. President Clinton has scheduled a visit to India next month, but has revealed no plans to meet with Pakistan. But the regime cannot afford for Pakistani militants simply to de-camp from the Afghan civil war and return home. If the war in Afghanistan quiets down, Pakistan faces the possibility of large numbers of Muslim fundamentalists moving across the border. An estimated 80,000 to 100,000 Pakistanis reportedly trained and fought in Afghanistan between 1994 and 1999. Musharraf, a secular leader, cannot afford the spread of fundamentalism and the fundamentalist's call for Islamization that would likely weaken the economy......."

Times of India 2/16/00 "….. Senior officials of Iraq and Pakistan said they wanted a broad development of relations between the two countries, the official Iraqi news agency said. Deputy prime minister Tareq Aziz on Monday told Abdul Razzaq Daud, Pakistan's visiting minister for commerce, industry and production, that Baghdad wanted to develop ties with Pakistan ``in all fields,'' INA said. ``He also urged joint work among Islamic states and third world countries to protect their independence and sovereignty and to confront American attempts to interfere in their internal affairs,'' the agency said. …."

AP 2/15/00 "….In a bid to curb violence, Pakistan's military-led government imposed a ban on the public display of weapons Tuesday. The ban is the first step toward restoring law and order in Pakistan, Interior Minister Moeenuddin Haider told a news conference. Until now people with a license to carry a weapon could openly display them. At public gatherings in Pakistan it is commonplace to see people standing around with automatic rifles or pistols. Militant religious and ethnic groups deploy heavily armed guards to protect their leaders. But no more, says Haider. There was no mention of what the penalty would be for those who defied the ban. …."

Rediff 2/24/00 Karl Inderfurth "……Unfortunately, while South Asia has been much in the news lately, a lot of that news has not been good. Let me cite four examples. First, over the New Year period, when much of the world was braced for the possibility of terrorist incidents, there was only one: the Indian Airlines plane hijacked with around 170 people on board, apparently by Kashmiri militants……..Second: just days before the Indian Airlines hijacking, there was an assassination attempt against the President of Sri Lanka, Chandrika Kumaratunga. She was at the final campaign rally before this island nation's election on December 1, and a Tamil Tiger suicide bomber, a young woman, literally blew herself up on the spot, causing numerous casualties but fortunately not killing the President……. Third: two months before that, on October 12, another event in South Asia captured the world's attention. The Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharief, was removed from office by the chief of Pakistan's army, General Pervez Musharraf…….Finally, while I could mention other reports -- including the continuing presence in Afghanistan of Osama bin Laden's terrorist network -- let me conclude with one that literally shook the world in May of 1998. I had barely begun my morning staff meeting in the South Asia Bureau at the State Department, when my assistant rushed in to say CNN was reporting that India had just announced it had conducted a series of nuclear tests…….."

Times of India 2/25/00 Ramesh Chandran "….A small but influential delegation of Indian Americans under the aegis of the Indian-American Leadership Forum is to be briefed at the White House on the upcoming visit to South Asia by President Clinton where it is expected to make a persuasive pitch for making expanded business and commercial ties the fundamental focus of the State visit rather than the perennial bureaucratic staples - non-proliferation, terrorism and Pakistan. About 20 Indian Americans who will be at the White House on Thursday - among them current and past presidents of Indian- American organisations representing the hotel industry, physicians, information technology and others - will not be in dissonance with current administration thinking. This was reflected in the remarks made by Pentagon's chief spokesman Kenneth Bacon, who said the primary focus of the visit would be ``economic development.'' ……."

Washington Times 2/23/00 Ben Barber "…. The Secret Service fears President Clinton's life would be in danger if he visits Pakistan next month because the nation's security service has been heavily infiltrated by anti-American militants, a senior U.S. official said yesterday. The concern comes as the White House mulls whether Mr. Clinton should stop in Pakistan during a trip to India and Bangladesh. U.S. officials also fear that information on procedures used to protect traveling presidents could be used by terrorists with a "global reach" to threaten the lives of future American leaders. "The host government provides 95 percent of the protection for a president on a visit," said the official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity. "Only the last 5 percent is provided by our Secret Service people. …."

Straits Times 2/24/00 AFP ".....India is working on a nuclear-powered submarine and plans to build its own aircraft carrier, Defence Minister George Fernandes has been quoted by Indian officials as saying. "Naval research authorities have already completed work on the design of a nuclear submarine and are now working on its configuration and hull structure," he told a meeting of a parliamentary committee on Tuesday. Mr Fernandes said the government had given the green light for the construction of conventional submarines in local shipyards, adding that the work on two submarines would begin soon. He also said an aircraft carrier would be built over the next seven years as part of a comprehensive modernisation of India's five state-owned naval shipyards....."

The Hindu 2/21/00 "……China has reportedly advised the U.S. to include Pakistan in the U.S. President, Mr. Bill Clinton's South Asian tour next month, diplomatic sources here have said. ``China has reportedly told the U.S. Deputy Secretary of State, Mr. Strobe Talbott, that Mr. Clinton should visit Pakistan if Washington wants to see an end to tension in South Asia,'' a diplomatic source told PTI here. ….."

Rediff 3/2/00 Josy Joseph "….. The first advanced naval exercise between India and France -- also India's first with a western nation after the Pokhran nuclear tests -- ended Tuesday evening in the Arabian Sea. The two-day operation saw manoeuvres and mock strikes involving several fighters, an aircraft carrier and other warships of the two nations. The advance exercise took place off the stretch between Goa and Bombay. The Indo-French war game, called IN-FN-Passex, is the first advanced exercise after India conducted nuclear tests in May 1998, in the wake of which several western nations had declared military sanctions. ….."

DAWN 3/2/00 "…. The explosion of two homemade crude bombs near two luxurious hotels -the Dhaka Sheraton and Hotel Sonargaon- here on Wednesday evening while the visiting US advance team in connection with President Clinton's visit was in a meeting, in Sonargaon, has caused panic and anxiety and given rise to widespread speculations. Another report, saying that a crude bomb was also found at a street near the heavily-guarded US Embassy, in the diplomatic enclave of Baridhara, has further heightened tension in the diplomatic area..."

DAWN 3/3/00 "….. India and Russia will sign a strategic partnership later this year to further strengthen ties between the two close military and political allies, a foreign ministry spokesman said on Thursday. "The declaration of strategic partnership would be made during a visit by the Russian president to India following the presidential elections in Russia, which are scheduled for March 26," spokesman R.S. Jassal said. Russian Duma speaker Gennady Seleznyov is currently visiting India and met Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee on Thursday, Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh and opposition leader Sonia Gandhi. "All the meetings were held in an atmosphere of cordiality and warmth and both sides discussed the strategic nature of Indo-Russian relations," Jassal said. ……"

Indian Express 3/3/00 Saurabh Shukla "…..Just before the visit of US President Bill Clinton later this month, the Republicans will come calling to New Delhi, and the message they seem to be giving is that it is better to do business with us than the Democrats. Expecting their candidate George W Bush to win the US presidential elections 2000, the Republicans are planning to come here and set the agenda for their foreign policy goals. The team -- which is expected to comprise Director, Foreign Policy Programme, at the Washington-based Brookings Institution Richard Haas, besides other pro-Republican key foreign policy analysts -- will be here from March 5 to 7. It will hold talks with a cross-section of Indian strategic analysts and policy-makers at a two-day, closed-door session. Long-term strategic planning on a host of issues from non-proliferation and terrorism to economic cooperation is expected to be on the agenda, besides looking at options to resolve the differences in Indo-US relations….."

International Herald Tribune 2/29/00 J Mohan Malik "…..American policy toward India has emerged as a new source of tension with Beijing, adding to strains generated by differences over Taiwan, theater missile defenses and human rights. China is concerned by what it sees as a recent pro-India tilt in U.S. South Asia policy. It wants Washington to restore a better balance in its relations with the region by adding Pakistan to the itinerary of President Bill Clinton when he visits India and Bangladesh this month. The main objective of China's Asia policy is to prevent the rise of a competitor to challenge its status as the leading power in the region. Its strategy is to restrain Japan and contain India, in part by establishing close ties with North Korea and Pakistan. China is uneasy about evolving U.S. ties with its two potential Asian rivals. It fears that the United States, Japan and India may eventually form a trilateral strategic alliance. …."

The Telegraph (India) 3/1/00 Pranay Sharma "…..Setting aside convention, US President Bill Clinton - who is scheduled to arrive here in three weeks - has made it clear that he will not have a one-on-one meeting with Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee. The only official interaction between the two sides will be at a delegation-level talk as Clinton is against an exclusive meeting with any Indian leader. But the BJP-led government seems to be so enamoured of the fact that a presidential visit from the Unites States to India is taking place after nearly 23 years, that it is almost bending over backwards to accommodate the Americans and ensure that Clinton's visit is a success. The US President is scheduled to arrive in New Delhi on the night of March 19. Indications are he will put up at the Maurya Sheraton Hotel. ….."

DAWN 3/2/00 "….A key US general on Tuesday pleaded for the need for a continuous dialogue with Pakistan saying isolating the country would be counter-productive to long-term US regional interests. Gen Anthony Zinni, commander-in-chief of US central command forces, who has visited Pakistan several times, told a Senate committee he was in constant touch with Gen Pervez Musharraf since he assumed power on Oct 12...."

Times Of India 3/2/00 Ramesh Chandran "…..While officially, Clinton administration spokespersons have remained circumspect on commenting on the sharp 28.2 percent Indian defence budget hike, privately, official sources have expressed ``disappointment'' and predicted that the prospects for peace in South Asia have dimmed by this enhanced spending. Officials quoted here said: ``India's defence budget increase is an indication that they do not believe they will have peace with Pakistan in the near future''..."

The Telegraph 3/10/00 G. S. Radhakrishna "……Bill Clinton has turned into a nightmare for beggars. In their zeal to ensure that the seven-hour presidential visit on March 24 is hitch- free, the city police have begun picking up beggars and packing them off to out-of-bound homes. The drive, which began in the Begumpet, Assembly, Nampally and Secunderabad railway stations, is expected to cover other regions of cyberabad, including the old city. Besides, the police are cracking down on anyone found littering the streets or urinating in public. "We have made provisions to keep around 3,000 beggars in state homes on the outskirts of the city till the visit is over," said an additional commissioner of the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad. NGOs have also been asked to give shelter to the beggars for a few days……"

CNSnews 3/8/00 Suryamurthy Chamarandan "……Pakistan's deposed Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif told a Karachi court on Wednesday that last October's military coup was the result of his decision to pull Pakistan-backed militants from Kashmir last summer. Testifying in an anti-terrorist court for the first time, he said: "I saved my country from a major crisis but unfortunately could not save myself." Sharif has been in custody since army chief General Pervez Musharraf ousted him last October 12th….."

Hindustan Times 3/8/00 "…..It is now becoming increasingly clear that nearly every problem that India faces from its north-western neighbours has a global precedent. The so-called jihad in Kashmir, for instance, is patterned on the war against the Russians in Afghanistan. So, the only surprise is that it took so long for the Foreign Minister to admit to Parliament - as he did last week - that the Taliban were on the side of the hijackers of IC 814. Even the Pakistani attempt to flood India with fake Rs 500 notes has a precedent in a similar attempt by Iran to forge US $ 100 bills. Clearly, Pakistan's ISI has many historical inspirations. The connection between the Taliban and Pakistan's ISI is not politics - it is drugs. The US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) reckons that throughout the 1990s, the old South American cocaine cartels were replaced on the international scene by the so-called Quetta Alliance, run by three families who used ISI resources to transport opium grown by the Taliban overland through Iran and Turkey to Europe. The connections which had worked so well during the Mujahideen's battles against the Russians in the 1980s, worked even better when it came to drugs. Interpol estimates that Afghanistan is today the largest opium producer in the world. This year its crop will hit 5,000 tonnes, more than the total world production in 1994. The DEA also estimates that there are over 500 people who are dollar multi-millionaires in Quetta, most of them with ISI connections, who have been enriched by the drug trade. The Mujahideen and the ISI share the drug money; the ISI then recruits Mujahideen fighters to foment trouble in Kashmir. In the light of all this, could anyone have seriously expected the Taliban not to back the hijackers? ….."

DAWN 3/10/00 "……Former army chief Gen Mirza Aslam Beg said on Thursday the United States and India were working on an agenda of that "jihad-free" order in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Kashmir in the guise of struggle against terrorism. In a statement, Beg said, "US displays a marked tilt towards India. We have seen how dexterously India was extricated from the Kargil imbroglio, and its tactical military defeat was turned into a diplomatic victory." He said the Indo-US nexus was evident after the resolution of the Kargil crisis. "Moreover the recently formed Joint Working Group (JWG) between US and India is meant to weed out the so-called menace of 'terrorism' and bring into effect a 'jihad-free order' in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Kashmir." ….."

Asian Age 3/10/00 "……Nearly 200 students, chanting and waving black flags, demonstrated near Bangladesh's foreign ministry office in Dhaka on Thursday to protest against the visit of United States President Bill Clinton on March 20. The students, supporters of left-wing political parties, said President Clinton was a "symbol of capitalism and enemy of toiling masses," and warned they would turn his visit into a black chapter in Bangladesh's history, witnesses said. "Clinton's visit is aimed to destroy Bangladesh... and grab its oil and gas reserves," the protesters said in a written statement handed to reporters. …."

Daily Star News 2/28/00 Mansoor Mamoon "…..Albeit the fact that Chairman Mao Ze Dhong had so aptly said that revolution could neither be imported nor exported, but to be successful should grow from the soil, his ardent and die-hard followers are still engaged in deadly encounters and long drawn guerrilla wars in a number of South Asian countries. In a vast area in India and in the neighbouring state of Nepal, Maoist insurgents are not only active, but have also been able to establish their sway ignoring and illuding the combing out operations regularly carried out by the security forces of the two countries. In the third week of February in a land mine explosion as many as twenty-two police personnel in Madhya Pradesh in India were reported to have been killed. The Maoist insurgents, known as the People's War Group (PWG), was blamed for the incident. Through the same pattern of land mine exlosion they also killed a number of members of the Central Reserve Police (CRP) and Border Security Force (BSF) during the recent electioneering in the state of Bihar. In Manipur a polling centre came under the attack of the separatists militants. The incident in Madhya Pradesh took the heaviest toll so far and has put the state government in an embarrassing position….."

Times of India 3/10/00 Ramesh Chandran "…..The mystery is finally unravelled. The US administration has come clear on why Bill Clinton is headed for South Asia. He will be there as a messiah of peace - spreading the ``message of restraint and dialogue''...."

BBC 3/7/00 "…..Hawks suspected of spying for Pakistan are in fact being used for sport, according to a senior police officer in the Indian desert state of Rajasthan. ….Shantanu Kumar, who is also a keen falconer, was responding to claims which arose after India's Border Security Force came across a number of hawks carrying what seemed to be high-tech surveillance equipment. The Indian press said the 'spyhawks' had been working for Pakistan after they all seemed to settle on the towers of Indian military installations. But Mr Kumar said the creatures belonged to Arabs who took them to Pakistan to hunt their favourite prey - bustards. ….He said the transmitters attached to the bird's tail-feathers were there to help their handlers find them when they get lost. "The antenna ... is purely meant for orientation, in order to find out which direction the bird has gone - after all the deserts are very very open spaces," he said. …."

Times of India 3/9/00 "…..Whether one approves of General Pervez Musharraf or not, it must be admitted that he has won a victory by demonstrating to the world the limitations of US power. No other military ruler can claim that he could compel the US president to visit him for a handshake after he spurned Washington's publicly proffered advice not to interrupt the democratic process. Whatever dissimulation US officials may indulge in to justify President Clinton meeting the general, extremist circles in Pakistan are bound to hold it out as a great victory for Pakistani military. It is worth remembering that no US president has ever bothered to visit Pakistan under democratic rule….."

Hindustan Times 3/9/00 "…..INDIA HAS rejected China's call for a roll-back of its nuclear weapons programme, advising Beijing in turn to appreciate the reasons for the overt nuclearisation in May 1998. The first-ever India-China security dialogue held in Beijing on March 6-7 was at best less than a non-starter because in essence the two sides agreed to disagree on the principal issue before them -- India's nuclearisation and the security environment in South Asia. China on its part disagreed with India's concern over its "assistance" to Pakistan's nuclear and missile programme. India had said that Chinese assistance had an adverse impact on regional stability, triggering in turn its decision to go nuclear and that it had responded to the security threat only in a "responsible and restrained" manner. …"

DAWN 3/8/00 "…..President Bill Clinton's decision to visit Pakistan later this month as part of his South Asian trip has been warmly welcomed by US legislators and members of the Pakistani-American community. One community leader told APP, "We are delighted. This is the correct decision and we congratulate the President for having taken it. We wish him luck and hope that his sincere efforts to bring lasting peace to the subcontinent will pay off. Sen. Tim Johnson of South Dakota who defeated Sen. Larry Pressler in a statement said, "I am pleased that President Clinton has decided to visit Pakistan during his upcoming trip to South Asia. I recently visite d Pakistan and met with General Musharraf. We discussed important issues. I also am hopeful that the President's visit can bring both Pakistan and India closer to a resolution of major problem in South Asia - the Kashmir dispute." …."

The Hindu 3/6/00 Haroon Habib "…..With only two weeks left for the U.S. President, Mr. Bill Clinton's visit to Bangladesh, the Finance Minister, Mr. Shah AMS Kibria, has said that his Government is considering raising the issue of a bilateral free trade arrangement between the U.S. and Bangladesh during the visit. ``I personally think that the proposal of free trade arrangement is worthy and I shall talk to concerned Ministries to raise the issue officially for the greater benefit of the two countries, especially Bangladesh,'' Mr. Kibria said in an interview. ..."

Times of India 3/6/00 K Subrahmanyam "…..SPECULATIONS are inevitable about the issues that will dominate the talks between the Indian prime minister and the US president during the latter's forthcoming visit to India. It is to be expected that the agenda will focus on areas of mutual cooperation which will benefit both countries and also on those of shared and differing concerns. These two democracies have a common value system in terms of political liberalism and market economy. It is now widely acknowledged that Indian talent has made significant contributions to the advancement of American science ..."

The News International 3/4/00 Dr. Inayatullah "….. A nuclear war between India and Pakistan can erupt in four different situations: One of the two countries can start it intentionally; both could be sucked into an unintended war; inaccurate information and miscalculation about the intention of the adversary can trigger it; or, it could occur accidentally and due to a failure of some technical device. Deterrence theory, on which so much trust is generally placed for preventing a nuclear war, deals only with intentional nuclear war. It assumes that two or more nations, locked in mutually hostile relations and equipped with nuclear weapons, will not intentionally start a war for fear of mutual assured destruction. This is a weak assumption. In certain situations, human beings do destroy themselves willingly to inflict greater loss on the enemy, as is the case with "suicide bombers". Some sacrifice their lives for sacred or secular causes seeking martyrdom. …"

The Hindustan Times 3/4/00 New Delhi, March 4 (Apratim Mukarji) "….. THE MAIDEN security dialogue between India and China beginning in Beijing on March 6 takes place in a remarkably complex security environment, both regionally and globally. The official word from New Delhi is predictably minimal, saying that the security dialogue would concentrate itself on international security issues. The dialogue, however, takes place in the backdrop of unusually high-profile developments, such as the Taiwan issue as its Presidential election approaches, and in a wider perspective, Beijing's disquiet over its perception of an emerging US-India-Japan alliance calculated to strategically restrain it. Irrespective of the outcome of the first-ever security dialogue, Beijing is set on a course to pursue countering the US-sponsored alliance. Its resolve to do so has only been strengthened by the US identification of North Korea and China as "potential" adversaries seeking to bar an American role in regional conflicts. ….."

DAWN 3/5/00 "…..Pakistan and India may carry out more nuclear tests, a senior State Department official in charge for intelligence and research warned on Friday. "We expect to see more ballistic missile tests in South Asia. There may be another round of nuclear tests," Stapleton Roy, Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Research, told the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Presenting views of the State Department on current and projected threats to the US, Roy said the volatile South Asian region could quickly become embroiled in serious conflict, probably over the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir. …."

Times of India 3/5/00 "…… New Delhi: Pakistan is trying to make Hurriyat Conference a central co-ordinating body in London and step up efforts to unite mercenary groups under the banner of "Kashmir Liberation Army" in a bid to escalate militant activity ahead of US President Bill Clinton's visit to the sub-continent. Official sources here said the central co-ordinating body to be set up in London was to lobby in the West for Kashmir's "liberation" on the lines of Washington-based Kashmir American Council. The Pakistani efforts to set up a co-ordinating bureau in London as well as attempts to unite the terrorist groups is facing rough weather due to major differences between London-based Kashmiri groups and Pakistan-based mercenary groups like Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HUM) and Lashker-e-Toiba (LET). ….."

Reuters 3/5/00 "….India will maintain a credible nuclear deterrent until all weapons of mass destruction are destroyed, Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee was quoted as saying on Sunday. "Till all weapons of mass destruction are dismantled, we will continue to be guided by (the) imperative of India's strategic autonomy and the need to maintain (a) credible nuclear deterrent," the Press Trust of India (PTI) quoted him as saying. He made the comments after inaugurating a 220-megawatt unit of a nuclear power station in the southern state of Karnataka. PTI said Vajpayee also defended nuclear tests conducted by India in May 1998. "Strongly defending India's May 1998 nuclear tests, he (Vajpayee) said they had been conducted under 'compelling circumstances' warranted by deterioration of the regional security environment," the news agency said. …."

HIndustan Times 3/3/00 "….. WHILE WASHINGTON has stoked its doomsday prediction for the "nuclear flash-point" of South Asia with renewed vigour in the run-up to President Bill Clinton's India visit later this month, a State Department specialist today debunked the US posture and maintained that there was no probability of a nuclear war in the region. Course chairperson for China at the National Foreign Affairs Training Centre for the State Department and chief of the American Asian Research Enterprise Prof Thomas W Robinson told the media, "I don't think there is any real probability of a nuclear war in S Asia. N-we-apons are not a real factor in global relations." He also discounted any possible role that President Clinton could play in finding a solution to the Kashmir issue. "President Clinton can't make peace between India and Pakistan because no ground work has been done in this regard," he said. "How can he possibly do it?" He, however, identified the Kashmir issue as one of the three major security concerns in Asia, the other two being N Korea and Taiwan. ….."

The Telegraph (India) 3/2/00 Pranay Sharma "….. Shrugging off past reluctance, India and China will hold their first-ever security dialogue in Beijing next week to thrash out differences and chalk out confidence-building measures. The two-day talks from Monday will focus on proliferation in the region, particularly China's help in Pakistani nuclear and missile programmes and Delhi's nuclear doctrine, settling the border dispute and Bill Clinton's visit to India later this month. China is the only P5 nation with whom India has not held strategic dialogue. The coming meet, though a notch lower than the strategic dialogue, shows Delhi's keenness to sit across the table with Beijing to help the two nations better understand their security concerns. ….."

The Hindustan Times 2/29/00 "….. US PRESIDENT Bill Clinton will be arriving in New Delhi on the evening of March 19, an advance team of officials from Washington indicated here today. According to the tentative schedule, he will be leaving for Dhaka on the morning of March 20 and returning here in the evening. His state visit, the first by a US President in over 22 years, will begin on the morning of March 21, with a ceremonial reception at the forecourt of Rashtrapati Bhavan...."

DAWN 3/1/00 "…..A spokesman for the foreign office said on Tuesday that the huge increase in the Indian military budget was another proof of "Indian hegemonic designs" in the region and beyond it. The countries in the neighbourhood of India" cannot but feel seriously concerned over New Delhi's designs of military dominance in the region," he said in a statement while reacting to 28 per cent increase in the Indian defence budget announced on Tuesday. " New Delhi has already amassed a huge arsenal of nuclear and conventional weapons far beyond its legitimate defence needs. The latest increase in its military budget will result in the induction of more arms in an environment where India faces no threat from any direction," the spokesman said. …."

Hindustan Times 3/20/00 "……. WHILE BANGLADESH has assured, on the eve of US President Clinton's visit, that the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) in its humanitarian avatar is not on the agenda, India is nevertheless keeping a vigil. The information available here says that Washington is pursuing the matter with renewed vigour as it perceives Dhaka to be receptive and nearer to taking the step. This is being viewed against the overall perception that the US is moving closer to both India and Bangladesh, setting up a new strategic configuration in the region in which the stiff Indian opposition of yesteryears should be out of place. India is still formally opposed to the SOFA with unabated vigour but, in Washington's perception, it cannot but look at its proposal without taking a holistic view of the changing South Asia scenario. ….."

Sydney Morning Herald 3/17/00 John Donnelly "….. When John Pike began examining new satellite photos of Pakistan's nuclear missile site he expected to find "two warehouses inside a fence". Instead, he discovered a whole well-developed military base. Mr Pike is a civilian who works for a private scientific group. His disclosure of the Pakistan images not only has implications for United States foreign policy, but more broadly shows that obtaining and analysing such sophisticated satellite images is now possible for anyone - for a price. "In the past, you had to be a superpower to produce this imagery," said Mr Pike, a defence analyst for the Federation of American Scientists. "Now just about anyone can order it. It's a lot of fun - almost illegally fun." …… Since Space Imagery launched its satellite late last year, US officials have yet to impose any limits. One challenge of US openness will come over the request to photograph Area 51, a base long used to test new aircraft. Not everyone is sanguine about the selling of spy pictures, or about civilians such as Mr Pike interpreting data without more sources of information. Frank Gaffney, a former senior Pentagon official in the Reagan administration and now president of the Centre For Security Policy, a conservative Washington think-tank, said: "This can be abused by people who don't have access to overhead imagery to increase the danger they pose to the United States or to our allies……"

International Herald Tribune 3/17/00 "…… LAHORE, Pakistan - A court here sentenced a man to death Thursday for the murder of 100 children, and the judge ordered that he be strangled in front of the victims' parents, cut into pieces and the pieces thrown into acid. The judge ordered that the man, Javed Iqbal, 42, be executed in a park in this eastern city by suffering the same fate as his victims. ''You will be strangled to death in front of the parents whose children you killed,'' said Judge Allah Baksh Ranja in his sentence. ''Your body will then be cut into a 100 pieces and put in acid the same way you killed the children.'' But Pakistani officials said that the sentence would probably not be carried out. ''I'm quite sure this will be challenged in a higher court,'' Interior Minister Moinuddin Haider said in Islamabad. ……''We're a signatory to international conventions on human rights which do not allow these things,'' he said……."

South China Morning Post 3/13/00 Arshad Mahmud, Nadeem Qudir AFP "…… US President Bill Clinton's visit may still be a week away but it is already causing a stir. Police used tear-gas in the capital, Dhaka, yesterday to break up a march by 700 left-wing students protesting against the visit. Last Friday, several Islamic and left-wing political groups staged separate demonstrations in Dhaka against Mr Clinton's trip, which starts next Monday. The village of Joypura has been gripped by "Clinton mania" as residents prepare for his arrival. "I never dreamed that the American president would come here, because we do not see our own big leaders," said housewife Azedda Begum. "Clinton is a very big man. It is a matter of great luck for us that a man like him is coming to see us," said farmer Anis Mia. ……"

Times of India 3/15/00 "…… In a tough speech, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright told India on Tuesday it should curb its nuclear weapons and missile programmes and exports of technology if it wants to improve relations with the United States. Speaking four days before President Bill Clinton's departure for South Asia, she said, "Significant progress in this area is necessary before India and the United States can realise fully the vast potential of our relationship." Turning to Pakistan, where Clinton is making an abbreviated visit, Albright insisted Gen Pervez Musharraf restore democracy, giving the Pakistani people "the ability to choose their leaders sooner rather than later". ….."

UPI 3/26/00 Anwar Iqbal "……U.S. officials responsible for President Clinton's security during his brief stopover in Islamabad disarmed Pakistani troops before his arrival, a local newspaper reported Sunday. In a front page story, The News, a national daily, reported that "unarmed Pakistani troops and security men stood as spectators" as Clinton's plane landed at the Chaklala military base near Islamabad. The report points out that officers and soldiers of the Pakistan army were not allowed to carry weapons in and around the airbase where Clinton landed. Local policemen were also disarmed. According to the report, Pakistani officials were only there to "prevent it from looking like an all-American operation," otherwise, the report said, they had no power. U.S. security personnel, it said, were searching everybody, including Pakistani officials and journalists. When two Pakistanis and an Arab journalist were made to come out of their vehicles for a body search, "it caused indignation among the journalists," the report said. …."

The Hindu 3/27/00 C Raja Mohan "…..`What is good for the Ambanis may be good for India', has been a widely-held proposition. Now, it might also be true that what makes sense for the Ambanis could be equally sensible for the whole subcontinent. It appears that the U.S. President, Mr. Bill Clinton, is veering round to the same view. It may not be entirely accidental that Mr. Clinton decided to have his longest individual meeting in the region with one of India's most influential industrial families. But why the Ambanis? What do Mr. Clinton and Mr. Dhirubhai Ambani have in common? One of the principal missions of the U.S. President in coming to the subcontinent was to lay a framework for peace and cooperation between India and Pakistan. His message to both countries was - `Don't remain trapped in the past conflicts, but think big about a prosperous future based on trade and commerce'. No one in the subcontinent in the recent years has thought bigger and bolder than the Ambanis about a cooperative future for India and Pakistan. As they built the world's largest petrochemical complex at Jamnagar in Gujarat, the Ambanis have become a surprising new factor in the dynamics of Indo-Pak relations. ….."

Times of India 3/27/00 Anil Joseph "…..US President Bill Clinton's outright condemnation of Pakistan's role in exporting terrorism and comments that the US and India are natural allies have raised concerns here as to Washington's new game plan in South Asia, analysts said here. While China is attempting to play down the achievements of Clinton's visit to India, they are worried over an apparent strategic shift in US policy towards India at the cost of Pakistan, an analyst said. Beijing's concern at the growing Indo-US friendship was clearly expressed by the Chinese People's Liberation Army's (PlA) mouthpiece, the Liberation Army Daily, in an article which focused on the difficulties ``facing Indo-US relations''. The paper said that countries like China and Russia would be attentive to the impact arising out of efforts by the US to broaden its strategic influence in South Asia through Clinton's visit. ….."

U.S. News & World Report 4/3/00 Kenneth Walsh "….Then there was the security problem. Clinton's planned visit to the Bangladeshi town of Joypura was canceled after intelligence sources reported that Islamic militants might fire a shoulder-launched missile at Marine One, the president's helicopter, as it flew over jungle canopy from Dhaka Airport to rural Joypura. "It was a credible threat," a senior U.S. official told U.S. News. "And the threat was not domestic to Bangladesh." The official said intelligence sources pointed to accused terrorist Osama bin Laden as one of the plotters. White House officials declined to say what the United States might do next to punish the exiled Saudi millionaire. Keeping secrets. U.S. officials had known of the threat for weeks prior to the president's departure, but they weren't sure how serious it was until just about three days before Clinton left for South Asia. The Secret Service and the White House had canceled the visit to Joypura even before the president arrived in South Asia. But they didn't reveal the decision until the last minute in order to keep the terrorists from making alternative plans, and possibly, to gain more information about bin Laden's modus operandi……."

Associated Press 3/25/00 Terence Hunt "…….Amid extraordinary security of decoy limousines and a last-minute plane switch, President Clinton admonished Pakistan's military ruler Saturday for a ``tragic squandering of effort, energy and wealth'' on nuclear weapons and confrontations with India. But Clinton's appeal for restraint seemed to go unheeded. ``Take the right steps now to prevent escalation, avoid miscalculation and reduce the risk of war,'' the president urged. He prodded Gen. Pervez Musharraf to restore democracy, crack down on terrorism and renew talks with India to ease their angry standoff over the Himalayan territory of Kashmir. ……"

Times of India 3/24/00 "……Washington is trying to remove India from Moscow's sphere of influence, the pro-government daily Segodnya commented Thursday on US President Bill Clinton's current visit to India. In what is seen as the first reaction from Moscow on Clinton's talks in New Delhi, the daily's news analyst Valeria Sychaeva wrote: ``Moscow could feel uncomfortable over a possible US-India partnership at a time when the long standing Russia-India relations are overshadowed by India's $6 billion debt to Moscow.'' ….." 3/23/00 "……..Getting nowhere with resentful India, facing ever-more irritated Pakistan, President Clinton took a gamble. He opted for flattery and it flopped. His history-making Asian tour, designed to lift his legacy, is now in shambles. When he lectured India to curb its nuclear-arms program and offered to mediate its longstanding dispute with Pakistan over control of Kashmir, a startled Clinton was rebuked face-to-face and in public on television by Indian leaders who told him to keep his nose out of their business. For good measure, they took the same venue to lecture him on calling the Indian subcontinent the most dangerous place in the world. That only eggs on the crazies, he was admonished in so many words. Chastened, and with little to lose since he had all along nothing to gain from an inhospitable Pakistan, where he is headed next, Clinton turned to accusations and cajolery, which often served him so well back home. He had already given the Pakistanis, whom he is still scheduled to visit Saturday, a good swift kick in the shins, when he told ABC News, "I believe that there are elements within the Pakistani government that have supported those who engaged in violence in Kashmir." That was intended as a code reference putting the blame, without actually saying so, on Pakistan for the massacre of 40 Sikhs in the disputed region of Kashmir. ……"

DAWN 3/24/00 "……Military rulers are prepared for tough talks with U.S. President Bill Clinton a day after statements from the two sides showed a gulf in their stances on democracy and Kashmir. U.S. officials said Clinton would push hard for General Pervez Musharraf to back down in the conflict with India over Kashmir. Musharraf said he would ask Clinton to play a role "in the background" for a settlement in Kashmir because India had rejected suggestions for mediation by Washington. The nuclear-capable neighbours have fought two of their three wars over Kashmir since gaining independence from Britain five decades ago. Opposed to mediating in the Kashmir Dispute Senior U.S. officials travelling with Clinton in India before his arrival in Islamabad on Saturday said the United States was opposed to mediating the Kashmir dispute because Pakistan would see it as a "security umbrella". "It's very important to disabuse the Pakistanis of the notion that if they get into a conflict (with India), the international community will step in," said one U.S. official. "I think they feel they can be adventuresome because they feel the international community, particularly the United States, will bail them out," the official said. ….."

ABC News 3/24/00 "…..On the outskirts of the city of Peshawar in Pakistan's tribal northwest frontier sits an impressive multistory home, its exterior tiled with white and gray marble. Inside, under a large golden chandelier, we are greeted by a distinguished former Pakistani senator. Abdur Rahman Faqir is also a fabulously wealthy businessman who made a fortune selling wireless telephones and real estate…….. After a long discussion with Faqir about the merits of the Koran and the wholesome education he is providing the boys, most of whom came from poor families and could not afford a public education, I ask the students how many want to be engineers or doctors when they finish school……Two hands are raised. "How many of you want to fight a jihad or holy war when you grow up?" Every hand shoots into the air. And most of them are kids are under the age of 10. Faqir explains it is a divine duty to fight the enemies of Islam, but he stresses this should not be confused with terrorism, which is strictly prohibited. I tell him I understand the distinction, but I also remember the old saying from this part of the world: "One man's freedom fighter is another's terrorist." There are about 40,000 madrassas today in Pakistan, a predominantly - some would say increasingly radical - Muslim nation, and one that has seen repeated and religious strife and deadly violence. According to Pakistan's military leader, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, 6,000 of the schools are considered "militant," and he's worried about what they are teaching. ….."

Islamic Views 3/24/00 Mugtedar Khan "……On the eve of Clinton's trip to South Asia, Lally Weymouth of Newsweek and the Washington Post interviewed both General Musharraf of Pakistan and PrimeMinister Vajpayee of India ("Tense Words, Tough Talk," Washington Post, March 12, 2000, p. B1). The twin interviews tell an interesting story about the expectations of the two leaders and their nations from the US and the interest in the region among America's elite. Gen. Musharraf seemed distinctly pleased, even relieved, that Clinton had decided to stopover in Islamabad. He however seems a bit carried away by this gesture from Washington. He interprets the stopover as US recognition of the 52-year special relationship between the United States and Pakistan and legitimization of his regime. He also sees the trip as an American understanding that Pakistan's position on Kashmir is a righteous one……."

DAWN 3/21/00 "……Jet fighters of the Indian Air Force made various air space violations in Pakistani Chitral and Nakial, Tayeed and Sera areas in Kashmir during past two days, reports "Radio Tehran". The radio added that border clashes between Pakistan and India have intensified at the threshold of the visit of the US President Bill Clinton to the region. According to the radio, clashes between Pakistan and India in Kashmir have intensified as compared to last weeks as the border forces of the two countries traded fire. ….."

Times of India 3/21/00 "…… U.S. President Bill Clinton brought Bangladesh gifts to the tune of $187 million, including an innovative debt-to-nature swap, on the first visit to the country by an American head of state. As part of his administration's efforts to protect biodiversity and tropical forests around the world, Clinton announced that the U.S. would make available up to $6 million for Bangladesh. Under agreements still to be negotiated, the U.S. would reduce a portion of Bangladesh's outstanding debt in exchange for its commitment to invest funds in tropical forest conservation programmes...."

The Hindu 3/21/00 "……Bangladeshis were enraged today when Mr. Clinton became the first visiting head of state not to pay respects at a memorial for the country's 1971 independence martyrs. The President, the first U.S. head of state to visit Bangladesh since the bloody nine-month independence war with Pakistan, was scheduled to lay a wreath and plant a sapling as is the tradition for visiting world leaders here. War veterans, journalists and leading community figures said the snub was an insult to the people of Bangladesh...." 3/20/00 "……Up to four "suicide squads" containing an undisclosed number of members have reportedly entered India's capitol in anticipation of a visit by President Bill Clinton, with the intent of attacking him, reports on Monday said. The "highly motivated" squads, said, are made up of Kashmiri militants who were reported to have sneaked into India through Nepal and Kashmir a week ago. Clinton arrived in New Delhi on Sunday for a planned three-day visit to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh...."

REUTERS via ETHERZONE 3/22/00 "…..Seventy-two people were injured in Calcutta when security forces clashed with thousands of communists protesting against President Clinton's visit to India, police and communist leaders said. ``The agitators tried to cross the police barricade, so we ordered a baton charge and used tear gas. Fifteen policemen were injured,'' Calcutta Deputy Commissioner of Police Nazrul Islam told Reuters. A spokesman of the Socialist Unity Center of India (SUCI), a radical communist group, said 57 of its activists were injured in the clash..."

FAS 3/15/00 "…… News Briefing ….. National Press Club …… New satellite images of Pakistan's nuclear and missile facilities provide fresh insight into the nuclear dangers on the subcontinent. The high resolution images, acquired by the Federation of American Scientists from the Space Imaging IKONOS satellite, show details of Pakistan's weapons facilities previously known only to the secret intelligence world. The public release of these images on the eve of President Clinton's trip to India and Pakistan highlights the urgency of new initiatives to address the risk of nuclear escalation between these countries. The Federation's Public Eye project is acquiring imagery of nuclear and missile facilities around the world. In February it released imagery of the North Korean missile test facility, and imagery of additional facilities will be released in coming weeks. ......"

WorldNetDaily 3/22/00 Charles Smith "…… The Chinese M-11 is an advanced, solid fuel, road mobile, tactical nuclear missile. The People's Liberation Army Second Artillery Corps is equipped with large numbers of M-11 missiles. Nearly 300 M-11s are deployed across from Taiwan, inside occupied Tibet, opposite India and close to the North Korean border. The M-11 is also called the "Dong Feng" 11 or "East Wind" -- a Maoist slogan. Despite the small warhead, only half that of the Hiroshima atomic bomb, an M-11 detonated over any heavily populated third-world city would result in a million casualties. Pakistan has M-11 nuclear-tipped missiles only four minutes from India. The M-11 missiles are based at an air force base in Sargodha, west of Lahore and right next to the Pakistani plutonium reactor at Khushab. The single base is also a prime target for India's small nuclear force for a pre-emptive attack. If the Clinton administration were to recognize the Chinese M-11 missiles in Pakistan, then, according to international treaties, the President would be forced to impose trade restrictions on China. Instead, Bill Clinton will be only a few miles from the M-11 missiles during his tour of Pakistan. The official White House line is that these missiles don't exist. ….."

WorldNetDaily 3/22/00 Charles Smith "…… China Aerospace and Great Wall Industries manufacture the M-11. The missiles sold to Pakistan are enclosed in their launching canisters and can be deployed on multi-wheeled trucks to any road in Pakistan. The missile sale also came to the attention of the United States, which imposed sanctions....... In addition, according to various intelligence sources, the recent Pakistani nuclear tests were of a design obtained from China. The advanced Chinese design was put together using American built supercomputers supplied by the Clinton administration directly to Chinese nuclear weapons facilities. The Chinese, unable to test the warhead for political reasons, enlisted Pakistan in exchange for information on building warheads for the M-11. The Clinton foreign policy toward India has destabilized the entire region……."

WorldNetDaily 3/22/00 Charles Smith "…… The lack of intelligence information and focus took the world hostage in 1998. The CIA and NSA under Clinton never detected the Indian nuclear tests. Why? Documents obtained from the U.S. Commerce Department show that India obtained secure-encryption and fiber-optic communications systems from America that helped hide their 1998 A-bomb tests. The 1995 trade trip to India by Ron Brown shows that U.S companies such as Motorola, Loral's Globalstar and AT&T met with Indian officials on the purchase of advanced encrypted communications systems. Previously, the U.S. had pressured India not to conduct more A-bomb tests. U.S. intelligence sources were able to detect the planned series of Indian A-bomb tests because the NSA had directed CIA reconnaissance satellites to take photographs, using communications intercepts from Indian atomic energy sites. In 1998, U.S. intelligence agencies, led by the CIA, were unable to track Indian communications within the remote desert site where the recent A-bomb tests were conducted. India used U.S. encryption and secure, fiber-optic communications systems to hide the activity, allowing the test to be conducted without alerting U.S. officials. ……"

ETHERZONE 3/15/00 CNN "….Pakistan's military government has announced a round of restrictions on political freedoms just 10 days before a visit by U.S. President Bill Clinton. One of the issues high on Clinton's agenda is a timetable for the return of democratic civilian government to Pakistan. A statement issued Wednesday night in Pakistan said the aim of the restrictions was to restore "order and harmony" in the country's "fractious society."..."

The Straits Times 3/19/00 AFP "…..US President Bill Clinton is to announce US$97 million (S$165 million) in new food assistance to Bangladesh that will include funds for reforestation, water systems and rebuilding schools, the White House said on Sunday. A US$74 million USAID grant will allow for the programming of 335,000 tonnes of wheat and other food commodities to implement food for work activities, said a statement issued in New Delhi, where Mr Clinton began a six-day tour of South Asia. ......"


The Hindu 3/29/00 C Raja Mohan "……The director of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Mr. Louis Freeh, is coming here next week to consolidate the growing cooperation between the two countries in combating international terrorism. Mr. Freeh will arrive here on April 4 on a three-day visit to formalise arrangements for the opening of an FBI office in the U.S. Embassy here. He will have extensive interactions with the top officials of the Indian law enforcement agencies……"

Stratfor 3/29/00 "……Indian and Vietnamese defense ministers have agreed that Indian soldiers will train with the Vietnamese army in jungle warfare, reported Indian news agency PTI, in order to increase India's ability to fight separatists in its northeast region. This military cooperation between the two countries plays into a broader strategic goal - India's hope of forging a sphere of influence in Southeast Asia. India aims to strengthen ties with its neighbors to become a regional power on par with China and Russia. New Delhi's regional aspirations will put nations like Vietnam in a far better position to stay neutral as the world's international players vie for influence in Southeast Asia. ……"

Times of India 3/28/00 "......Pakistan's military ruler, General Pervez Musharraf, said on Tuesday he was prepared to persuade militant forces to reduce tension in Kashmir in order to pave the way for talks with India. But, in an interview with the Financial Times, Musharraf stressed that Pakistan would do this only if India took action to enforce respect for human rights in the disputed territory. The newspaper said this was the general's first offer to exercise Pakistani government influence in this way to break the deadlock over talks on Kashmir. "There has to be reciprocity in all actions," Musharraf said. "They want something from our side. We will try to address this issue, try to persuade the freedom fighters to reduce tension. But there has to be reciprocity. They should never expect us to take unilateral action." ...."

WORLD TRIBUNE.COM 4/4/00 "……An Iranian truck that contained nuclear material was seized along the border with Kazakhstan. Russian sources said the truck driven by an Iranian national carried 10 containers of nuclear material when it was stopped along the border of Kazakhstan and Uzbekhistan. The sources said the truck was headed for Pakistan. The Russian Itar-Tass agency confirmed the attempted smuggling of the nuclear material. They quoted Kazakh sources as saying a probe was launched but did not provide details. The truck was stopped by Uzbek security officers. They said the trailer, which was manufactured in Iran, arrived from Kazakhstan. Documents in the truck identified the addressee as a Pakistan firm in the town of Quetta. ……"

DAWN 4/15/00 "……The Indian Navy will expand its strength in the next decade and undertake new responsibilities such as joint patrolling with Japan and Vietnam, Indian Defence Minister George Fernandes said on Friday. "We are looking at a navy which is going to acquire tremendous strength in the coming one decade," he said at a ceremony to commission a frigate, INS Brahmaputra, in Calcutta. Fernandes said Brahmaputra was the first of nine ships that will be commissioned this year and work will begin on another five next year. "The process doesn't end there. Mazagon Docks is all set to start producing submarines and Cochin Shipyard is all set to start work on the first aircraft carrier," he said. ….."

Jang (Pakistan) 4/12/00 Amir Mateen "…..Indian strategists here started seeking a US 'missile umbrella' for New Delhi to deter the Chinese encircling of India by deploying missiles in Tibet and arming Pakistan, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. Brahma Challany -- known to be the most hawkish member of the team that devised Indian nuclear doctrine and presently a professor at the Center for Policy Research in New Delhi -- in a write-up published in The International Herald Tribune on Tuesday, suggested that the US could extend a 'missile umbrella' to its allies. Among them he counts India as "a potential strategic partner of the United States". He created a rationale for his thesis by raising the bogey of the much- exaggerated Chinese threat -- conveniently ignoring the fact that India's defence strategy is mostly directed against Pakistan. …."

Associated Press 4/14/00 Anne Gearan "…….President Clinton said Friday his recent trip to South Asia was the impetus for a massacre of ''40 perfectly innocent people'' in the disputed territory of Kashmir. ''I'm sure they were murdered because I was there,'' Clinton said during a fund-raising luncheon for Rep. Cynthia McKinney, D-Ga. ''Those people lost their lives because I went to India and to Pakistan.'' ……… Police said militants massacred at least 35 people in the Sikh village of Chatti Singhpora on March 20, as Clinton began his weeklong trip. ………... "

SCRIPPS HOWARD NEWS SERVICE/Washington Times 4/5/00 Thomas Hargrove "……. President Clinton's trip late last month to India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Switzerland was the most expensive and, critics charge, the least productive foreign trip ever taken by a U.S. chief executive. The White House on Monday reported the Air Force has estimated that Mr. Clinton's travels to the Asian subcontinent will cost between $50 million and $75 million, although precise figures will not be available for months. Much of that expense came from the use of an aerial armada that, according to news reports, included 26 huge C-5 and C-17 cargo planes and more than 50 other support aircraft needed to transport the president's security and political entourages. The Secret Service took unprecedented security measures because of the tensions between Pakistan and India that the White House fears could erupt into nuclear war………"

Indian Express 4/5/00 "……The Indian Navy is all set to acquire five submarines fitted with sophisticated missiles with land attack capabilities to effectively carry out operations at sea, Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sushil Kumar said on Monday. The accent now is on creating a lean, mean and potent force. Towards this end, seven new warships will be acquired this year, including INS Mumbai which will be honed to become the most powerful ship in Asia in the same class as INS Delhi and INS Mysore..."

DAWN 4/5/00 "……..According to reports quoting Uzbek customs, and reported by news agencies and the New York Times, 10 lead containers with radioactive material have been seized at an Uzbek border post. The material was reported to be bound for Pakistan, and was discovered in a truck driven by a man believed to be an Iranian national. No details about what type of nuclear material was in the containers are currently available. ….."

Hindustan Times 4/5/00 "……. Pakistan has unveiled its medium range ballistic missile (MRBM), Shaheen-II, with a range of 2,500 km capable of hitting most of India's cities. According to the latest issue of Jane's Defence weekly, the Pakistani Government claims the missile displayed at the recent annual Pakistan Day parade can carry a 1,000 kg payload. "If true, the missile would have a grater range than either Pakistan's Ghauri I or Ghauri II, which are built by AG Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) at Kahuta," the report said. ……"

Associated Press 3/30/00 Anne Gearan "……President Clinton accused Republican congressional leaders of sabotaging his hopes of securing a nuclear weapons pact with India and Pakistan. ``They have no guilt and no shame,'' he said. During a trip to South Asia last week, Clinton failed to make any arms control deals. India and Pakistan both refused to reverse their nuclear weapons programs, and Pakistan's military leaders refused even to promise a quick return to democracy. In part because of the nuclear rivalry between India and Pakistan, Clinton has called that region among the world's most dangerous……"

DAWN 4/1/00 "…… Munir Akram, Pakistan's permanent representative to the UN, has said the OIC countries are deeply concerned at the plight of Muslim minorities in several non-Muslim countries. "The OIC member-states unequivocally condemn all forms of terrorism, including state terrorism against all states and peoples," said Mr Akram in a statement here on the 'question of violation of human rights and fundamental freedom in any part of the world' on Thursday night. Speaking on behalf of 56 member-states of the Organization of Islamic Conference, he said: "we reaffirm that the struggle of peoples under colonial or alien domination or under foreign occupation for their national liberation or to regain their right to self-determination does not constitute an act of terrorism." He said, "we firmly believe that terrorism constitutes a gross violation of human rights," adding "we wish to adhere to the provisions of the code of conduct for combating international terrorism." ……"

The Times of India 4/1/00 "…..Russia will develop Pakistan's first satellite and put into near-earth orbit, according to a Russian trade ministry spokesman. Disclosing here Thursday, he said the satellite will cost Islamabad a sum of $130 million. Besides, Pakistan and Russia also have decided to set up an inter-governmental commission for trade, economic, scientific and technical cooperation for which official letters were exchanged at a brief ceremony, attended by Russia's trade minister Mikhail Fradko and Pakistan's envoy Mansoor Alam, in the trade ministry. ….."

DAWN 4/3/00 "…..Indian defence scientists and the navy are preparing for the test firing of a new surface-to-surface missile, tentatively later this month. The navy has already modified one of its offshore patrol vessels, INS Subhadra, for test-firing the Dhanush at sea. The missile, designed for a range of 250 km with a 500 kg warhead, is likely to be test-fired in the waters off Orissa on the eastern coast. ……"

Dawn 4/19/00 AFP ".......Chief Executive Gen Pervez Musharraf held two rounds of talks with Libyan leader Colonel Muammar al-Qadhafi soon after his arrival here on a two-day official visit on Tuesday. In a rare gesture, Col Qadhafi received Gen Musharraf in a tent close to the airport. Matters of wide-spread spectrum relating to bilateral, regional and international interest were discussed, according to the sources. The CE said that Pakistan and Libya enjoyed brotherly relationship which would be strengthened. The Libyan leader said that Pakistan was in the hearts of the Libyan people. "We want to continue this mutually-beneficial relationship and further enhance our cooperation with Pakistan," he added......."

The Hindu 5/7/00 Vladimir Radyuhin "……The first of three battleships ordered by India from Russia is to hit the waters of the Neva River in St. Petersburg on May 12, a local weekly reported on Saturday. The Russia Journal quoted Mr. Oleg Bolshakov, manager of the project for Baltiisky Shipyard, as saying it would another two years to complete the Krivak-class frigate, to be inducted into the Indian Navy under the name of Talwar. The other two frigates, also being built at Baltiisky Shipyard under a $1-billion contract, are to be commissioned in mid-2002 and 2003 respectively. Construction is a year behind schedule due to financial troubles that hit the shipyard in the wake of the 1998 crisis. The 4,000-tonne state-of-the-art frigates are armed with advanced-guidance missiles to neutralise surface, sub- surface and aerial targets and are equipped with ``stealth'' technology that enables them avoid detection by enemy radars. They also have a bombing complex called RBU-6000 for anti- submarine warfare and facilities for helicopters. ….."

National Journal 1/9/89 "……..* An ARCA Foundation specialty is funding "fact-finding" missions to Cuba where sophisticates from public policy, publishing, and business circles are brought to Cuba to meet Cuban government officials and study "the effects" of U.S. policy on Castro's Cuba. Upon their return to the United States, the participants "are expected to meet with officials in Washington in an attempt to persuade them that the time has come to renew relations with Cuba." (The San Diego Union-Tribune, January 9, 1989)

National Journal 12/12/87 "……..* Smith Bagley also reportedly hosts dinner at his "elegant Georgetown mansion" to allow those "just back from visiting Castro and Cuba" to "pitch the issue to a circle of foreign policy experts from Congress and elsewhere in the Washington Establishment." (The National Journal, December 12, 1987)

WSJ 5/9/00 Miriam Jordan "……Inside a bamboo shed in this poor village, a midwife named Sanjha presided over the brief labor of Ramkali Sah, an illiterate woman with wide eyes and a coy manner. Sanjha ushered a newborn out of Ramkali's womb, and announced a girl. The midwife knew then what the family would want. She would be told to murder the girl. Despite India's big steps toward economic growth and integration into the global economy, the age-old practice of female infanticide still flourishes here. There's a growing effort to eliminate the practice by educating the midwives who often perform the killings. But in India's poorest villages, that work faces deep-rooted cultural and financial obstacles……"

Rediff 4/27/00 Nitin Gogoi "….. The US Army has shown a keen interest in sending its select troops to train at a specialised high altitude training school established by the Indian Army along the Indo-China border in the Arunachal Pradesh sector. Highly placed army sources told that an enquiry has been made by the US embassy in Delhi whether its troops can be sent in batches to the Parvat Ghatak School near Tawang. The school, established in late 1999, has earned a reputation for imparting the best possible high altitude commando training in the short span of its existence. It is a place where only the toughest can survive. At minus 20 degrees and 15,000 feet, the normal parameters of human existence are altered drastically. Each step is deliberate and laborious. Breathing is an exercise in itself. Walking normally in two-and-a half feet of snow is next to impossible. ……"

(Red) Star & Tribune 4/23/00 Indira A.R. Lakshmanan "…….Never in history have two nuclear-armed states fought an all-out war, but India and Pakistan -- enemies since their bloody partition 53 years ago and the world's newest nuclear states -- seem closer than ever to the brink. The flash point is the improbably green valley of Kashmir, which President Clinton recently dubbed "the world's most dangerous place." It is a Himalayan paradise of snow-crested peaks and verdant expanses dotted with pine forests and sprawling fields of mustard and flowering pink apricot trees that have inspired poets. Since 1948, India and Pakistan have fought two full-scale wars and numerous skirmishes over Kashmir, including last year in the Kargil region and in the mid-1980s on the Siachen glacier. Both sides claim the 85,000-square-mile territory that borders Afghanistan and China, and India's and Pakistan's armies have bloodied each other daily for five decades over this strategic swath of land, and its 11 million people have paid the price. ….."

AP 4/24/00 Roshan Mughal "…….More than 10,000 people rallied at a soccer stadium here Sunday in support of a bloody secessionist movement in Indian-ruled Kashmir. "We have no other alternative but to wage jihad (holy war) against Indian troops," Syed Salahuddin, chief of the militant Hizbul Mujahedeen group told participants at a conference in Muzaffarabad - the capital of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir. "Indians are killing innocent Kashmiris, raping our women and setting our houses on fire," said Salahuddin, who also heads the United Jihad Council - an umbrella organization of at least 12 guerrilla groups fighting in Indian Kashmir. Salahuddin complained the United Nations was unable to implement its resolutions on Kashmir and said the international community was indifferent to the issue. ……."














The India Times 5/30/00 "……Russia has signed a contract estimated at $170 million to sell 40 helicopters to the Indian military, the news agency Interfax reported on Monday. The report, citing the Promexport weapons manufacturer, said the helicopters are an advanced version of the Mi-17-1B, with more powerful engines and enlarged side doors allowing quicker disembarkation of servicemen. …."

AFP 5/26/00 "….. India has signed a 170 million-dollar deal with Russia to buy 40 MI-17-1B helicopters, defence spokesman Pramod Bhatnagar told AFP on Friday. "The agreement was signed here yesterday between the ministry of defence and Russia's AviaExport." he said. Sources said four of the helicopters were ready for delivery. ….."

Nando Times 5/18/00 "….Indian Defense Minister George Fernandes on Monday repeated claims that China was a bigger threat to his country than Pakistan. Fernandes, who triggered a storm in Sino-Indian relations with similar comments on May 3, said he did not regret the statement. "I repeat, China is the biggest threat to us," Fernandes, a firebrand socialist in India's new Hindu nationalist-led coalition government, told a public rally in Bombay. "We certainly have tensions and disputes with Pakistan, but for a country like India, Pakistan is not our biggest threat. The biggest threat is China," Fernandes said……"

WORLD TRIBUNE.COM 5/19/00 "……Pakistan is increasing cooperation with the U.S. hunt for Saudi billionaire fugitive Osama Bin Laden after President Clinton pressed the government during his recent visit. U.S. officials said Pakistani authorities have stepped up their alert in airports and border crossings and are checking travelers whether they match descriptions of Bin Laden or his associates. The result has been the arrest of several Arab nationals linked to the man accused of masterminding the 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in east Africa. The latest arrest was that of Hamama Kamal, regarded as a close aid of Bin Laden. U.S. officials said Kamal was captured as he tried to move through Pakistan on his way to Tunis, according to a report by Middle East Newsline. ……"

WorldNetDaily 5/17/00 Joseph Farah "…..The Clinton administration is lobbying hard for congressional approval of permanent normal trade relations with China. But before such a bill is even considered by Congress later this month, another issue must be resolved. That is the issue of what sanctions should be placed on China for selling M-11 ballistic missiles to Pakistan. A 1999 declassified intelligence report states unequivocally that Beijing transferred the missiles nearly a decade ago. If true, and there is no reason to believe the report is not true, then U.S. law requires sanctions. ...... About six months ago, the Clinton administration and Sen. Jesse Helms, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, struck a secret deal that involved approval of a senior administration appointee, Assistant Secretary of State for Non-Proliferation Affairs Robert Einhorn, for a promise by the White House to form a task force to determine how sanctions would be implemented. The deadline for that task force report is also about to expire. ……"

WorldNetDaily 5/17/00 Joseph Farah "…..First, the U.S. must come to grips with the fact that China's long-range global military ambitions are at odds with the best interests of the United States. The leadership in Beijing will never accept self-determination for the people of Taiwan any more than it will agree to self-determination for people on the mainland of China. ……..Secondly, we cannot ignore that the Clinton administration has done everything in its power to advance China's interests -- including military and intelligence interests -- throughout the course of the last seven years. This White House can be trusted to continue such policies in its last year in power. ……..Therefore, it is imperative that the issue of sanctions for past violations of agreements with China be settled before new, permanent trade agreements are addressed by Congress. ……"

Times of India 5/15/00 "……Pakistan is believed to have made all preparations to carry out its seventh nuclear test in Chagai. The Pakistan Observer said the preparations come in the wake of intelligence reports that "India is all set for a hydrogen bomb explosion in Pokhran very soon". According to the paper, Pakistan will then sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). By signing it, the paper said, Pakistan will neutralise the world reaction over the bomb explosion. Quoting diplomatic sources here, the paper said, "Some spy satellites operating in the region have also picked up pictures showing both India and Pakistan's preparations in this regard."……."

U.S. Newswire 5/16/00 "……For the first time outside of government intelligence agencies, new high resolution satellite photos of Indian and Pakistani primary nuclear weapons and ballistic missile facilities provide visual proof of a long term commitment to an expensive and highly-integrated network of military institutions geared towards deployment of nuclear weapons. The Indian and Pakistani photos, obtained by the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) from the Space Imaging Corporation IKONOS Satellite, along with de-classified photos of Israeli nuclear and missile facilities will be released at a news conference at the United Nations Correspondents Association Club, 3rd Floor of the UN Secretariat on Tuesday, May 16, at 1 p.m. ….."

The Hindu 5/14/00 "……The French Defence Minister, Mr. Alain Richard, will embark on a two- day visit to India this week during which both countries are expected to finalise crucial defence deals, besides working on a common strategic agenda. Official sources said the Minister's visit, commencing on May 18, comes at a time when India and France maintain excellent bilateral relations with both sides pledging to convert their political ties into long-term defence cooperation. Key defence deals, including the provision of 10 additional Mirage-2000-H jets for the Indian Air Force (IAF) and issues of naval cooperation, are expected to come up during Mr. Richard's talks with the Indian officials. Naval cooperation assumes significance as India envisages a bigger role in the coming years to protect its sea lines in the Indian Ocean region. ….."

India Times 6/3/00 "…. LONDON: The Indian Navy and the Air Force are negotiating the purchase of Russian air-launched anti-ship missiles to replace their existing inventory of UK-supplied Sea Eagle anti-ship missiles, a defence weekly has reported. The initiative comes in the wake of the withdrawal of the Sea Eagle from UK Royal Air Force and Royal Navy Service, Jane's Defence Weekly said in its latest issue. An air-launched version of the subsonic Zvezda-Strela KH-35 Uran missile is being considered as a replacement for Sea Eagle. India is also studying the supersonic KH-31A to equip Tupolev TU-22m 'backfire' bombers, the lease of which is being negotiated with Moscow, the report said. …."

BBC 6/9/00 "…… Concern over a growing campaign of violence Church leaders in India have raised concerns after a spate of attacks against the community over the past week. They said it pointed to a growing hate campaign against the Christian minority which the government had done little to prevent. A Roman Catholic priest was beaten to death in northern India earlier this week. It was followed by a series of bombings in churches across southern India on Thursday. The blasts took place in four churches in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and the coastal resort of Goa. ……. Church leaders from across the country said the attacks were planned and suggested they were carried out by Hindu fundamentalist organisations. "A secular, democratic and united India is being put to test today by communal and fundamental forces," said Delhi's Archbishop, Alan de Lastic. ……"

Defense Daily International 6/9/00 David Saw "…..The Indian Navy is emerging from years in the doldrums to become a force that soon will deploy nuclear weapons at sea, gaining the capability of dominating the Indian Ocean and beyond. In India, the Navy has always taken a back seat to the Army and the Air Force, a status reflected by its inability to obtain decent resource allocations from the defense budget. The end result was a rapidly aging fleet and the dilution of capability. Making matters worse was pressure to support local industry and shipbuilding programs, a process that generally resulted in delays and cost overruns--further diminishing naval capabilities. The Indian Navy could take some solace in that it met all expectations during the 1965 and 1971 conflicts with Pakistan. Yet it found itself increasingly marginalized in the Indian defense debate. The low point for the Navy was the sacking of Adm. Vishnu Bhagwat in December 1998 as Chief of the Naval Staff. He had campaigned long and hard for more funding, but fell foul of the politicians and the bureaucracy……."

London independent 6/10/00 Peter Popham "……. Brother George Kuzhikandan, a Franciscan friar from Kerala, was asleep in the courtyard of the north Indian public school where he taught, making the most of the cool pre-monsoon breezes, when a gang of men broke in on Wednesday night and beat him to death. It was the culmination of attacks since March on Christians in the city of Mathura, one of Hinduism's holiest cities. Nuns at a convent in the city have been menaced and two priests beaten. Christians' anxieties were reinforced yesterday with news that four churches in the south of India had suffered bomb attacks. Windows were smashed and furniture wrecked at anAmerican Baptist church at Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, at a Roman Catholic church in Tadepalligudem in the same state three people were injured and churches in Karnataka and Goa were also damaged in the apparently co-ordinated campaign. ……"

Rediff 6/10/00 "…… An NBC report quoting intelligence sources as saying that Pakistan's nuclear arms are greater than India's in number, sophistication and delivery systems has sent shock waves through the country. But Professor Bharat Karnad feels vindicated. A security affairs specialist at the Centre for Policy Research, he has been crying himself hoarse that India's nuclear arms are not just insufficient to match China but are probably incapable of matching Pakistan too. In a brief interview to Amberish K Diwanji, he explains his position and his fears about India's nuclear arsenal and its strategic weaknesses. Excerpts:
Q Even the Pakistanis have conducted very few tests.
A Look, the Pakistanis have imported their entire design and delivery systems from China. They don't need to test. I made this point in great detail at a recent seminar where I said we are not a match for even Pakistan, so why are we talking about China? ……. Now that the NBC report has come out, everyone is talking about it [Pakistan's superiority]. But earlier it was evident to a few of us. In the nuclear scientific community, many of them know this. But outside that group, I think I am the only one who kept saying [that we are no match for Pakistan]. I then persuaded P K Iyengar for almost a year to go public, which he did recently. He was very reluctant and required a lot of coaxing. But I needed him to back what I had been saying because no one was believing me. I knew I was right, but needed an independent corroboration, which Iyengar provided. ......"

DECCAN HERALD 6/12/00 "……Ahead of Home Minister L K Advani`s visit to Israel, beginning Tuesday, defence analysts here say that India and Israel, both facing a systematic campaign of terrorism sponsored by neighbouring states, should boost intelligence and military cooperation to fight the menace. ''Both India and Israel face similar challenges as both are surrounded by hostile neighbours which are sponsoring terrorism as a weapon of war,`` renowned strategic analyst Professor Barry Rubin told PTI. ''In the wake of such situation, the two can not depend much on international sympathy and should sharpen exchange of intelligence and message techniques to benefit from each other`s experiences to check terrorism effectively,`` Rubin said. Stating that India could benefit from Israel`s highly-advanced modern warfare system, Rubin, also the editor of 'Middle East Review of International Affairs` and Deputy Director of Begin-Sadat Centre for Strategic Analysis, said both should further identify areas of mutual understanding. ……"

Dawn 6/11/00 Praful Bidwai "……Nuclear hawks in India are at it again. Recent Western media reports, with a measure of credibility, that Pakistan actually enjoys atomic weapons superiority have refuelled demands for stepped up pursuit of nuclear weapons by New Delhi. Although further nuclear testing by India and Pakistan appears unlikely, there is growing pressure in its favor from hawkish lobbies in both countries. Last week's news story on the US NBC television channel quoting US intelligence sources that Pakistan may be far more advanced in its nuclear weapons capabilities has predictably sparked-off hawkish responses in India. Claims and counter-claims over the size and quality of the nuclear arsenals of the two South Asian rivals and their ability to use them, further underscores the dangers of an arms race in a region which has been described as "the most dangerous place on earth". NBC quoted a US intelligence official as saying that Pakistan is more likely to have "those numbers (25 to 100 warheads)than the Indians." It also quoted Marine Corps General Anthony Zinni of the US central command as saying, "don't assume that the Pakistan nuclear capability is inferior to the Indians". ……"

MSNBC 6/6/00 Robert Windrem and Tammy Kupperman "……Pakistan's nuclear arsenal is vastly superior to that of rival India, with up to five times the nuclear warheads, say U.S. military and intelligence officials now radically reassessing the South Asian balance of power. Senior U.S. officials have told NBC News in the past week that Pakistan not only has more warheads than its long-time adversary but has far more capability to actually use them. 'Don't assume that the Pakistani nuclear capability is inferior to the Indians.' - GEN. ANTHONY ZINNI Commander, U.S. Central Command ….."

RUSSIA 6/5/00 "…..Russia is planning to sell 300 tanks and 40 transport helicopters worth a total of 435 million dollars to India under a contract due to be signed this month, Interfax said today. Experts estimate the order for the T-90C tanks to be worth 265 million dollars and for the MI-17-1B transport helicopters worth 170 million dollars, the news agency said, adding that Russia and India would probably sign the contract before the end of June...."

India Times 6/9/00 "……Five Pakistani nationals, suspected to be militants, were on Thursday detained at Astrakhan airport in south Russia while trying to board the plane for Istanbul on forged documents, official Itar Tass news agency said. The five, aged between 20 and 38 years, spoke fluent Russian, and had no Russian entry and exit visas, it said, adding Russian security services, which are interrogating the detained Pakustanis, do not rule out that they fought in the Chechen rebel army….."

India Times 6/9/00 "…..The US on Thursday remained non-committal over reports that the country's intelligence has now concluded that Pakistan's nuclear arsenal and delivery systems are more effective, more sophisticted and much larger than India's. State department spokesman Philip Reeker pointed out that the NBC News despatch on Wednesday related to an intelligence matter (on which US spokesmen rarely comment). Reeker said that while he could not comment on intelligence matters, "Let me say this is not a question of a numbers game. The right number is zero on both sides". ….."

Washington Post/Reuters 6/5/00 "…..Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright said yesterday that concerns about terrorism will not lead to sanctions against Greece and Pakistan, no matter what a new report to Congress may say. The Washington Post reported yesterday that a congressionally appointed panel has recommended the United States change the way it tackles terrorism by taking several measures, among them threatening sanctions against friendly states such as Greece and Pakistan and increasing the power of the CIA and military to act in the United States. But Albright said no sanctions against Greece and Pakistan are on the table. "We are pressing them" on terrorism, Albright said of the two countries. "But we are not considering sanctions."….."

The Hindu 7/2/00 PTI "…..Giving a new dimension to bilateral ties, India and Israel today decided to set up a joint Ministerial Commission to look into the entire gamut of cooperation between the two countries and further institutionalise measures on counter-terrorism. ``We have agreed to establish a joint Ministerial Commission and the details would be worked out. The Commission will meet alternatively twice a year in the capital of the two countries,'' External Affairs Minister Jaswant Singh told reporters after a meeting with his Israeli counterpart David Levy here. Singh said the two countries have decided to give a ``functional mechanism'' to dialogue on counter-terrorism, dates for which would be decided soon……."

Deccan Herald 6/29/00 AFP "…… Pakistan has branded reports that China was helping it to build a new missile plant as ''completely baseless.`` The denial followed a report in the Far Eastern Economic Review of June 22, which said US officials were concerned that Beijing may have resumed work on an M-11 missile plant it started building in Pakistan in 1990. ''The Embassy of Pakistan categorically rejects the media reports,`` said a statement yesterday. ''These reports are completely baseless. It is also regrettable that these false reports have been used to mislead the US Senate and criticize Pakistan,`` the Embassy here said. The statement added that cooperation between Pakistan and China was consistent with their respective international obligations. ……"

Bahrain Tribune 6/28/00 "……India and Russia will sign a protocol to bolster defence co-operation during Defence Minister George Fernandes's current official visit here. The protocol will be signed by Defence Secretary TR Prasad and Russia's First Deputy Defence Minister Nikolai Mikhailov. Fernandes, heading a high-level delegation, including Prasad, additional defence secretary in charge of defence production Dhirendra Singh and senior army, navy and air force officers, arrived here yesterday on a three-day visit. The delegation was received at the airport by Mikhailov and other senior defence ministry officials……"

BBC 6/28/00 "…….Prime Minister Vajpayee and senior ministers attended the summit India and the European Union have pledged to work closely on trade and security issues. At the end of their first-ever summit, officials from both sides signed a joint declaration describing India and the EU as new strategic partners. During the one-day summit, senior Indian ministers met their European counterparts, while Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee held talks with European Commission President, Romano Prodi……"

BBC 6/27/00 "…..Russia has said that it will sign a major arms contract with India shortly to supply T-90 tanks and an aircraft carrier the Admiral Gorshkov. The news was announced by the Russian deputy prime minister, Ilya Klebanov, at the end of his talks in Moscow with the visiting Indian Defence Minister, George Fernandes. Mr Klebanov said the deal might be finalised before President Putin leaves for a state visit to India in October. ...,

WORLD TRIBUNE 6/23/00 "…..North Korea has bolstered Pakistani missile programs with new technology and components and now Islamabad can match India's capability, Asian defense sources said. The sources said North Korean scientists and engineers were recruited by Islamabad to work on Pakistan's missile programs and completed their work last month. The result is improvements in Pakistan's Ghauri missile, Middle East Newsline reported. The Tokyo-based Sankei Shimbun said a 15-member North Korean delegation is preparing to leave for Pyongyang imminently. The newspaper quoted sources in the Pakistani government...."

Stratfor 7/1/00 "…….. Russia has assured India that its weapons sales to China will not hinder Russo-Indian relations or security. Gen. Leonid Ivashov, head of the Russian Defense Ministry's international department, told The Hindu that Moscow remain devoted to strengthening relations with New Delhi, despite selling arms to India's adversary, China. As Russia and India grow closer, their cooperation must balance the friction between New Delhi and Beijing. Ivashov said that though it supplied "Russian-made weapons and military hardware to other countries, including China, Russia is above all guided by the principle of doing no harm to the existing Russian-Indian relations and maintaining stability in the region," reported The Hindu on June 29. ……"

The Hindu 7/2/00 PTI "……China's clandestine missile sales and technology transfer to its closest ally Pakistan, is set to be questioned at the up-coming Sino-US non-proliferation talks to be held here next week, diplomatic sources said. Despite vociferous Chinese denials, US Intelligence reports are going against Beijing, forcing the Clinton administration to raise the sensitive question again with China, a diplomatic source said. On Thursday, China voiced strong dissatisfaction with and opposition to the China Non-Proliferation Act put forward by several US Senators denouncing it as wantonly attacking and slandering the country. ………"

The Hindu 7/2/00 "…..Pakistan Air Force will acquire new aircraft to augment its fighting capability Chief Executive Gen. Pervez Musharraf has said. Talking to newsmen yesterday after the earth breaking ceremony of the over 653-km coastal highway linking a number of important ports in Baluchistan, Gen. Musharraf said, ``Pakistan is in contact with China in this regard, and the two countries are collaborating in the production of aircraft.'' On the issue of Osama Bin Laden, he said the US could resolve the issue by engaging the Taliban. He said talks would be initiated with prominent political leaders of the country enjoying a clean reputation very soon on the future shape of affairs in Pakistan, the next elections and the new system of governance he wanted to introduce in the country, and the devolution of powers. ….."

MSNBC 7/2/00 Reuters "…..U.S. intelligence agencies have told the Clinton administration and Congress that China has continued to aid Pakistan's effort to build long-range missiles that could carry nuclear weapons, the New York Times reported Sunday………THE NEWSPAPER said in its Sunday edition that in a series of classified briefings in Congress, most recently on Thursday, the agencies described how China stepped up the shipment of specialty steels, guidance systems and technical expertise to Pakistan, China's longtime strategic ally, after India and Pakistan set off rival nuclear tests in 1998. The revelations are complicating President Bill Clinton's effort to win quick Senate passage of a bill establishing normal trade relations with China, the daily said……..Chinese experts have also been sighted around Pakistan's newest missile factory, which appears to be partly based on a Chinese design, and shipments to Pakistan have been continued over the past 8 to 18 months, the newspaper quoted several officials with access to the intelligence reports as saying……."

India Times 7/3/00 "…… US intelligence officials say their agencies have told the Clinton administration and Congress that China is continuing to help Pakistan build long-range missiles that could carry nuclear weapons, The New York Times said Sunday. The article said the issue may complicate President Bill Clinton's quest to win quick Senate passage of a bill normalizing trade relations with China. The Times quoted the officials as saying that in a series of classified briefings, the most recent on Thursday, intelligence agencies had recounted how China had increased the shipment of specialty steel, guidance systems and technical advice to Pakistan, China's longtime strategic ally and India's regional rival. Chinese experts have been observed around Pakistan's newest missile factory, which appears to be partly based on a Chinese blueprint, the paper quoted the intelligence officials as saying, without further identifying them. …." 7/6/00 Ahmar Mustikhan "…..KARACHI, Pakistan -- Sale of women is taking place on a mass scale in Pakistan, and at least one journalist who bared the faces of those involved in the heinous crime has been murdered, human rights organizations have told WorldNetDaily. The organizations also say that police have implicated innocent persons in the journalist's murder case to protect the real culprits. Human traffickers bring destitute Bangladeshi and Burmese women into Pakistan on the promise of getting them decent jobs, but once here they are sold to third parties, mostly for the purpose of prostitution. These women are escorted all the way through India, some distances on foot, to reach Pakistan. ….."

The Hindu 7/5/00 "……India and Russia have signed an agreement to expand their cooperation in nuclear sciences. The three-year protocol signed by the Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Prof V S Ramamurthy, and Yevgeny Velikhov, Director of Russia's Nodal Nuclear Research Centre, Kurchatov Institute, yesterday provides for extensive Indo- Russian cooperation in the nuclear field, S & T and Human Resources Development Minister Murli Manohar Joshi told reporters. Under the agreement, India and Russia would exchange visits of nuclear scientists and experts, he said. ….."

The Hindu 7/5/00 PTI "……The Indian Navy is slated to commission its second Russian-built submarine later this month, a defence weekly has said. Quoting Indian Navy officials, the Jane's Defence Weekly said the diesel-electric submarine, INS Sindushastra, has cost more than Rs. 8 billions ($181.8 millions) and is armed with Novator Alfa Klub SS-N-27 anti-ship missiles. It would be handed over to the Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sushil Kumar, on July 19, the weekly said. The INS Sindhushastra would increase the Navy's Sindhughosh- class submarine complement to ten. ……"

Stratfor 7/7/00 "….. The United States will train Pakistani maritime security personnel later this month, according to U.S. Consul General to Pakistan John Bennet. Although the training officially aims to improve Pakistan's counter-narcotics capabilities, it is also a significant step in re-establishing military ties between Washington and Islamabad. These military links have suffered in the last decade, but are being revived as Iran and China increasingly court Pakistan. By extending tentative military ties the United States can hope to balance China and Iran's influence in Pakistan, and perhaps use Islamabad to improve ties between Washington and Tehran. The United States can also attempt to provide some small countermeasure to Indian naval expansion. ….."

The Hindu 7/9/00 "…..The Samata Party leader and Defence Minister, Mr. George Fernandes, today blamed external forces and some in the country for spreading ``false'' information about persecution Christians across the country. Addressing a two-day national council meeting of his party here, he said the ``canard'' being spread about atrocities on Christians was ``far from truth'', and isolated incidents against the minority community and the churches were a ``calculated work by those who were out to malign the country's as well as Vajpayee Government's reputation''. ……..``The western media only laps up on misleading informations about attacks on Christians in India and no follow up is made to investigate the issue to its core,'' Mr. Fernandes said, adding that ``the purpose of the reports about atrocities on Christians is to drive away foreign investment and business collaboration with India.'' ……."

The Hindu 7/13/00 Sridhar Krishnaswami "……Citing the threat of missile cooperation between China and Pakistan to the overall stability of Asia, the Democratic Congressman from New Jersey, Mr. Frank Pallone, has announced that he would introduce a piece of legislation in the House of Representatives to impose sanctions against China for providing ballistic missile technology to Pakistan. ……..Mr. Pallone said he planned to sponsor a House Companion to the legislation introduced in the Senate that would require the administration to monitor Beijing's track record on the spread of nuclear weapons and to impose automatic sanctions if there was credible evidence. The Senate will now go through the motions of a debate on China's Permanent Normal Trade Relations. ……."

BBC 7/11/00 "……The United Nations Population Fund has taken India to task over its ratio of females to males. In a report marking World Population Day, the Fund's Michael Vlassof said that India's commitment to tackling issues such as female foeticide and infanticide, which helped to give India one of the worst female-male ratios, seemed to be quite low. But he said the government appeared to be serious about its new population policy issued recently as India's population topped one billion. ……"

DAWN (Pakistani Daily) 7/3/00 "……Minister for Information and Media Development Javed Jabbar said on Monday Pakistan's Armed Forces are fully alert and no Indian plane can dare violate Pakistan's airspace. He made these remarks while talking to reporters after presiding over the concluding session of a three-day Workshop on "Modern Broadcast Management." ….."

Dawn 7/6/00 Syed Rashid Husain "……The growing India-Israeli nexus, as highlighted by the recent visits to Tel Aviv of the Indian Home Minister Lal Krishan Advani and the Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh, all within a span of a couple of weeks, is a cause of concern, not only for Pakistan but also for the entire Arab world. India-Israeli relations have finally come out into the open, from covert to overt, after being shrouded in secrecy for decades. Many observers believe that the Arab world is aware of this fact but finds itself unable to do much about it. There is a sense of fatalism in the Arab capitals about this issue. Fractured by defections within their own ranks - as far as relations with Israel are concerned - they are looking at this ominous development with a sense of awe, and inertia. ……."

AFP 6/19/00 "…..At least 15 people including 13 separatist guerrillas were killed in gunbattles in India's troubled Kashmir region on Monday, police said. Police told AFP nine Muslim militants and an Indian army captain were killed in a fierce clash in Indian-administered Kashmir on Monday. The shootout occurred in the Hafrooda forest region, near the border town of Handwara, some 100 kilometers (60 miles) north of the Kashmir summer capital Srinagar, said Ashok Suri, an additional director general of police intelligence...."

New York Times 7/2/00 David Sanger Eric Schmitt "…..American intelligence agencies have told the Clinton administration and Congress that China has continued to aid Pakistan's effort to build long-range missiles that could carry nuclear weapons, according to several officials with access to the intelligence reports. ….. In a series of classified briefings on Capitol Hill, most recently on Thursday, the agencies have described how China stepped up the shipment of specialty steels, guidance systems and technical expertise to Pakistan, China's longtime strategic ally, after India and Pakistan set off rival nuclear tests in 1998. …… Chinese experts have also been sighted around Pakistan's newest missile factory, which appears partly based on a Chinese design, and shipments to Pakistan have been continued over the past 8 to 18 months, several of the officials said. …….Critics of the administration's China policy, both Democrats and Republicans, argue that the White House has ignored a pattern of Chinese exports in order to avoid imposing sanctions that existing law requires. They argue that in the name of preserving a broader relationship with China, the Clinton administration is always leaping through loopholes in the sanctions laws. ……" 6/30/00 Charles Smith "…... "We have now discovered that China is building a second M-11 missile plant in Pakistan," stated Sen. Fred Thompson, R-Tenn., during a speech this week before the William Casey Institute. "Of course, it's a nuclear tinder-box in that part of the world. China, in this case, is guilty of the continued proliferation of weapons of mass destruction." According to Thompson, an effort to push new bi-partisan legislation at the same time the Chinese trade pact or PNTR is before the Senate is now under way. Thompson noted that the legislative move was in response to the Chinese missile sales to Pakistan and other "rogue" nations. Thompson stated that the new legislation "tightens the loopholes" and "gives the president less options." "There is nothing quite so important -- nothing that is so significant to Congress -- than the national security of this country," said Thompson. "This is something we do not take lightly. It makes it more difficult for the administration to do things like in the past. Such as 'Yes -- we observed M-11 canisters on the ground in Pakistan from China but we're not sure that there are missiles in those canisters.' That kind of foolishness." "It is beyond belief to me that we can have a major, all-consuming public debate in consideration of something as important as PNTR without considering [that] our new strategic partner, so-called, is the world's greatest proliferater of weapons of mass destruction," stated Thompson. "We are repeatedly told that. Cox had hearings on that; we get bi-annual CIA assessments that continue to tell us that; Rumsfeld tells us that; …….. A U.S. defense intelligence source informed WorldNetDaily that the Chinese M-11 missile factory is being built as part of a joint deal to acquire advanced American technology through Pakistan. "The Pakistanis turned over a complete F-16 Falcon directly to the Chinese air force," stated the source. "In return, the Chinese gave them the M-11 missiles and a plutonium warhead design." The M-11 missile facility is under construction near Pakistan's Sargodha air force base west of Lahore and near a plutonium nuclear plant at Khushab. The M-11 missile, also known as the East Wind 11, has a range of over 300 kilometers and is armed with a plutonium nuclear warhead. China is known to have deployed nearly 100 East Wind 11 units as part of a planned tactical force of over one thousand nuclear-tipped missiles to be fielded by 2004. ……"

The Hindu 7/14/00 K.V. Subramanya "......There appears to be a Pakistani hand in the serial blasts that occurred in churches in south India during the last couple of months, according to information gathered by police. The Director-General of Police, Mr. C. Dinakar, told The Hindu today that the son of Deendar Channabasaveshwara Siddique, who hailed from Gadag district in Karnataka and had propounded a cult carrying his name, was in Pakistan. ``Siddique's son is very active in Pakistan and according to reports, he co-ordinated the explosions through followers of the sect,'' Mr. Dinakar said. ......"

Inside China Today 8/7/00 "......Text of report in English by Indian news agency PTI As part of enhanced Indo-Sino military cooperation, a high-level Chinese military delegation visits India this month and two Indian navy ships arrives on goodwill port call next month, official sources said here. The seven-member Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) delegation led by the vice president of the Beijing-based Academy of Military Science Lieutenant-General Tian Shugen would visit India from August 18 to 23. This would be the first PLA delegation to visit India since China suspended military-to-military exchanges following India's nuclear tests in May 1998, he said. ....."

New York 8/8/00 Judith Miller James Risen "…..Behind President Clinton's blunt warning last spring that South Asia was the world's most perilous region lay an assessment from American intelligence agencies that the likelihood of a war between India and Pakistan that could erupt into a nuclear conflict had increased significantly, according to officials with access to the secret intelligence. The officials said that the Central Intelligence Agency and the nation's other intelligence organizations had reached their consensus after examining the nuclear capacities of both countries and the growing tensions between them, in particular over the disputed Himalayan territory of Kashmir. The assessment, known as a National Intelligence Estimate, began late last summer after Pakistan-backed militants crossed over the high mountain peaks of Kashmir into the Indian-controlled area of Kargil, setting off weeks of heavy fighting that included airstrikes. ……."

Yahoo news service from AFP 8/8/00 "……Kashmiri guerrilla outfits Tuesday said their "jihad" against Indian rule in the divided territory would gain momentum following the end of the powerful Hizbul Mujahideen's ceasefire. "It makes us very happy," a top leader of Lashker-i-Toiba, Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, told AFP in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir. "Our jihad (holy war) in Kashmir will gain further momentum after this good move by Hizbul Mujahideen." Hizbul supreme leader Syed Salahuddin announced the end of the ceasefire earlier Tuesday, saying India had failed to agree to demands for unconditional three-way peace talks involving Pakistan. ….."

Yahoo Asia news 8/9/00 AFP "…..Pakistan on Tuesday held India responsible for destroying the possibility for a peace process in Kashmir, as a dominant militant group called off its two-week ceasefire in the region. "Negative and transparently insincere responses by the Indian Prime Minister (Atal Behari Vajpayee) and other Indian officials have destroyed the possibility for a peace process," a foreign ministry spokesman said. The Hizbul Mujahideen earlier revoked its ceasefire, which was announced on July 24, and the outfit's supreme commander Syed Salahuddin said the group's commanders and fighters would resume operations against Indian forces. | ……"

Asian Age 8/2/00 Arun Mohanty "…… The probability of a war between India and Pakistan, with the possible use of nuclear weapons, will remain fairly high for the next 10-15 years, according to Russia's former national security adviser Andrei Kokoshin. Mr Kokoshin, who was national security adviser to former President Boris Yeltsin and is now director of the Institute of International Security Problems, a respected Russian think tank, made this observation in a paper on security problems in Asia. In the paper, Mr Kokoshin dwelt on the chances of a nuclear flare-up in South Asia, describing it as one of the most vulnerable regions of the world. The world entered its "second nuclear age" after India and Pakistan conducted a series of nuclear tests in 1998 and China stepped up its nuclear programme, he said, adding that the rules of the game in this age will be largely different from those which governed relations between nuclear powers in the aftermath of World War II. ……"

Daily Telegraph 8/8/00 "......THE main Muslim separatist group in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir threatened to end its ceasefire and "stun" the country unless it agreed to unconditional three-way peace talks with Pakistan by today. Hizbul Mujahideen called a ceasefire in late July. Indian officials began unprecedented talks with the group last week. But a statement yesterday said: "We are still in a position to continue our combat missions and stun India." ......"

Kyodo Interviews Sattar on Pakistan-China Missile Cooperation 8/10/00 Shahid-ur-Rehman Khan [FBIS Transcribed Text] Islamabad, Aug. 10 Kyodo -- Pakistani Foreign Minister Abdul Sattar on Thursday said Pakistan and China are cooperating in missile technology, but added the cooperation is within the parameters of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)....... "There is no international regime that prohibits cooperation within MTCR. I simply want to say that cooperation within MTCR is permissible by international law," Sattar said in an interview with Kyodo News....... It was the first time a senior official of the Pakistani government has acknowledged the existence of cooperation between the two countries in missile technology.......... Sattar said Gen. Pervez Musharraf, who ousted elected Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in a coup Oct. 12, was looking forward to "an open and sincere" dialogue with Mori in the context of the existing relationship and identifying new areas for cooperation. Japanese media have said Mori may announce a partial resumption of aid to Pakistan and India if he receives an assurance they will abide by a moratorium on further nuclear testing and commit to signing the CTBT at an early date........."

EWTN 8/10/00 ".....On Monday, the government of Pakistan rejected a United Nations proposal to include lessons on the "benefits" of "small families" in the national education syllabus, but the decision will cost the government $250 million. Pakistan's Business Recorder reported that the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) met with Pakistani Health Minister Dr. Abdul Malik Kasi a few days ago and conditionally offered $250 million in assistance for reproductive health projects...." 8/9/00 Robert Burns "…..China expanded its role in helping Pakistan develop missiles last year and had a hand in missile development in North Korea, Iran and Libya, according to a CIA report released Wednesday. Limiting the spread of technology for building ballistic missiles -- especially to countries deemed hostile to the United States -- is a major foreign policy goal of the Clinton administration. The CIA report is a reminder that even economically distressed countries such as North Korea are eager to acquire missile know-how, and that major suppliers like China take a different view of what constitutes prudent technology exports. China has pledged not to export whole missile systems and denies selling them to Pakistan. But it has declined to sign the international Missile Technology Control Regime or abide by its ban on sales of missile components. ''The Chinese have taken a very narrow interpretation of their nonproliferation commitment,'' the CIA report said. ……"

Reuters 8/9/00 "……The United States put the blame for the collapse of tentative Kashmir peace talks squarely on the pro-Pakistani Kashmiri militant group Hizbul Mujahideen. State Department spokesman Richard Boucher read a carefully worded statement urging both India and the Hizbul Mujahideen to resume a dialogue and criticized the guerrillas for setting a deadline for the talks to be expanded to include Pakistan. ……"

The Washington Times 8/9/00 Bill Gertz "…..China increased its missile-related sales to Pakistan last year and is continuing to supply nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and missile goods to North Korea, Libya and Iran, the CIA said in its latest semiannual report to Congress. "Chinese missile-related technical assistance to Pakistan increased during this reporting period," the report stated. "In addition, firms in China provided missile-related items, raw materials, and/or assistance to several countries of proliferation concern - such as Iran, North Korea and Libya." The report, a copy of which was obtained by The Washington Times, also stated that "we cannot preclude" that China has ongoing contacts with Pakistani nuclear weapons officials - contrary to a pledge made by Beijing in 1996 to halt aid to nuclear programs in Pakistan that are not under international controls. "China's involvement with Pakistan will continue to be monitored closely," the report said. But the Senate Intelligence Committee is investigating why additional arms proliferation activities by Beijing were left out of the unclassified report, a Senate aide said……."

Dawn 8/8/00 "…..The Indian army said on Tuesday its soldiers would retaliate if attacked by the members of the Hizbul Mujahideen. The Hizb, which controls roughly half the freedom fighters in occupied Kashmir, said it had ended a 15-day ceasefire after New Delhi ignored a deadline to agree to tripartite talks, including Pakistan. "If they open fire, we will retaliate," an Indian army spokesman said. The Indian army had ordered its troops to suspend operations against the Hizb after the latter's ceasefire announcement. "The suspension of operations is only as far as the ceasefire lasts, we have no option," another army official said. ……"

Stratfor 8/8/0 "…….The Indian government and Hizbul Mujahideen, a Pakistani sponsored militant group in Kashmir, reported Aug. 4 that progress was made during their first formal cease-fire talks together. Peace initiatives from both Pakistan and India aimed at resolving the Kashmir dispute have increased in recent months. It is becoming clear that the United States is fostering these peace initiatives and keeping the progress extremely low-key - most likely to avoid domestic opposition in Pakistan and India. Washington's involvement gives credence to recent entreaties between Islamabad and New Delhi and provides a better opportunity for the bilateral negotiations to make progress. …….."

AFP 7/23/00 "…..India at the weekend released five Russians from life jail terms, a clear sign of the importance Delhi attaches to the signing of a strategic partnership with Moscow during President Vladimir Putin's visit in October. The five Russians, all of Latvian origin, were given a presidential pardon and released Saturday from life sentences handed down for a sensational 1995 arms drop case. The pardon followed intense lobbying from Moscow, and the Indian authorities made no attempt to hide the reasoning behind the decision. ……"

Inside China Today 7/23/00 AFP "…….China and India appear to have finally buried the hatchet on India's nuclear tests, and now hope to open a new chapter on bilateral ties by accelerating efforts to resolve their touchy border dispute. While no major initiative emerged from Chinese Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan's one-day visit on Saturday, the tone was clearly one of moving along a relationship dogged by decades of mutual mistrust and Cold War tensions. Tang, the highest-ranking Chinese official to visit since India's May, 1998 nuclear tests, also took the opportunity to try and ease Indian concerns over Chinese military cooperation with Pakistan. ……"

Dawn 7/23/00 Syed Rashid Husain "……Indian diplomatic missions here and other Arab capitals are in for some sort of clarifications and explanations "following release of a document recently by Arab League on the Indo-Israeli nexus specially in the nuclear field," a seasoned analyst remarked on Sunday. "The Indians appear to be on a damage control mission," he said. India's ambassador to the kingdom, Talmiz Ahmad said that New Delhi's relationship with Israel would not harm ties with the Gulf Arab states and the Arab world. Referring to recent visits of Indian Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh and Home Minister Lal Krishan Advani to Israel, he said: "New Delhi's relations with Tel Aviv are largely to do with trade and agriculture. We have occasionally purchased defence equipment to meet our security needs." ……"

Reuters 7/26/00 "…..Kashmir's leading separatist alliance Wednesday condemned the cease-fire declaration by a Kashmiri militant group, saying it would lead to confusion in the troubled Himalayan state. ``At this crucial juncture the Hizbul Mujahideen should have not have acted in haste in declaring a unilateral cease-fire,'' the All Parties Hurriyat (Freedom) Conference said in a statement. ….."

Washington Times 7/19/00 Ben Barber "…..Muslim militants scored a victory this week when military ruler Gen. Pervez Musharraf backed off from public threats to rein in Islamists and instead granted them interviews, photo opportunities and new privileges. Newspapers across Pakistan on Tuesday showed Gen. Musharraf holding talks with two of the country's most powerful conservative Islamic leaders. One of them, Samiul Haq of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam party, is the chief of the largest Islamic school in the country - an institution accused of training its students for jihad, or holy war, in Kashmir, Afghanistan and other flash points. Gen. Musharraf did not disclose what he told Islamic leaders Monday. However Mr. Haq told reporters that the general had adopted a pro-Islamic stance. ….."

AFP 7/20/00 "…….Russia delivered the last of 10 submarines built in a Saint Petersburg naval shipyard to India, the shipyard administration announced Wednesday. A submarine, equipped with anti-warship missiles, was handed over to the Indian Navy in the presence of Indian military and Saint Petersburg administration officials. ……"

The Times of India 8/20/00 ".....Pakistan-backed mercenary outfit Lashker-e-Taiba (LeT) is churning out suicide squads (fidayeen guerillas) in large numbers to engineer violence and target sensitive installations and important people in Jammu and Kashmir, a surrendered LeT instructor and top militant said on Saturday. "As many as 800 mercenaries are getting a special three-month-training for graduating them to fidayeen suicide squad activists at Umal Basti in Muzzafarabad and Bagalpur in Pakistan", LeT militant Mohammad Nawaz, codenamed Abu Hijrat, who was an instructor at an Afghanistan militant training camp, told reporters here. Hijrat, a resident of Ratli village (Noushera tehsil) of Gujranwala district in Pakistan, said "of these over 400 fidayeen activists are awaiting along the LoC on Pakistan side to infiltrate into Jammu and Kashmir for carrying out major action against the government and security forces." ......"

Afghan Online Press 8/16/00"….. Seven children were killed Tuesday night when Taliban jet fighters bombed a hospital in the northeastern city of Talooqan, a senior opposition spokesman announced Wednesday. Dr Abdullah who is the caretaker of the Foreign Ministry of the Islamic government of Afghanistan, told IRNA over the phone Wednesday morning that the central hospital of the city was destroyed in the bombardment...."

Afghan Online Press 8/16/00 "…..Taliban jet fighters dropped several bombs Tuesday in the northern rebel-controlled Takhar province, killing seven people, an opposition spokesman said. The bombs hit the center of Taloqan, the capital of Takhar, destroying houses and killing residents who had returned to their homes believing the fighting had moved away from the city, said opposition commander Saeed Hussain Anwari. Afghanistan's Taliban, who rule more than 90 percent of Afghanistan, have been battling for several weeks to push the opposition out of its stronghold in the northern province. …."

Middle East News Line 8/18/00 "….. Pakistan is signalling that it does not plan to conduct any more nuclear tests. A leading Pakistani nuclear scientist, Abdul Qadeer Khan, said his country no longer needs any more nuclear tests for its program. He said Islamabad has already achieved what he termed a credible nuclear deterrent against India. Khan told the Kyodo news agency that Pakistan should not carry out more tests even if India continues to detonate nuclear bombs. ….."

The Hindu 8/14/00 "…..India today categorically rejected Pakistan's contention that a conflict between the two countries could lead to a full-scale nuclear war and asserted that such ``needlessly alarmist'' statements by Pakistani leaders were not helpful for confidence-building. ``India categorically rejects the thesis as also the supposition on which it is based,'' a Foreign Office spokesman told reporters in response to questions on remarks by Pakistan Foreign Minister Abdul Sattar. …"

The India Times 8/17/00 "……India and Britain are headed for even closer relations, British Armed Forces Minister John Spellar said at the Independence Day celebrations at India House here. Spellar's presence marked a strong show of Indo-British ties at a gathering of more than 700 prominent Indians in London. The ties between India and Britain are growing at all levels and in many spheres, Spellar said. He praised the Indian community's contribution to British society. Independence Day this year was significant for what happened outside India House -- or what did not. The usual demonstration by Sikh separatists began late and, in place of an expected 300 or so, only 15 men turned up. ……"

BBC 8/15/00 "……Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee has used his Independence Day speech to declare that Kashmir will always remain part of India. He also said Pakistan could not be take part in Kashmir talks while being involved in violence there - a charge consistently denied by Islamabad. Mr Vajpayee was addressing the nation from the 17th century Mughal-built Red Fort in Delhi, amid unprecedented security. Hours before his speech, a bomb exploded on a train in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, killing nine people. ……"

IDSA 8/00 Farah naaz "……India's relations with Israel lay dormant for about four decades. However, the changes in the international geo-strategic environment compelled India to establish full diplomatic relations with Israel in 1992. The main events that compelled India to reconsider the decision of establishing diplomatic ties with Israel were-the Gulf War which seriously undermined the unity of the Arab world, end of the cold war, which had a positive impact on the peaceful solutions of many international problems, for example; Arab Israeli peace talks, urgent need for better relations with the US, Pakistan's propaganda against India in the West Asian and North African states in order to establish an Islamic bloc and to internationalise the Kashmir issue, lack of support from the Arab countries during the time of crisis and their support to Pakistan at the OIC (Organisation of Islamic Conference) meetings, and less consideration for the Muslim vote bank in the calculation of the regime in power, on the domestic front. ….."

The Washington Times 8/11/00 Ben Barber "……The smiling boys playing cricket on the rooftop playground of their "madrassa" religious school are all being trained in one subject: "jihad," or holy war. The nearly 2,000 students expect to go fight infidels in Chechnya, Afghanistan, Palestine or Indian Kashmir once they complete their studies at the Khuddamuddin madrassa, located inside the walls of the old city of Lahore. Khuddamuddin is one of about 7,000 religious schools, which have prospered in part because of the failure of the state-run educational system in a country where the illiteracy rate among adults has been estimated as high as 70 percent. ...About 1.75 million students are enrolled in the schools, though it is not clear how many of the academies are devoted to preparing their students for jihad. ……"

Daily Telegraph 8/14/00 Rahul Bedi "…….TWENTY-TWO people were killed and 52 wounded in Kashmir yesterday amid mounting fears that Islamic militants plan to mark tomorrow's sensitive independence day celebrations with an intensified campaign of violence…….. Ten militants died in a mountain shootout, a Government defence spokesman said. Cornered by troops, the rebels were trying to fight their way out of a pass in the Pir Panjal range that divides Jammu from the Kashmir valley. ….."

The Hindu 9/14/00 "…..Pakistani army regulars are now directly involved in proxy-war unleashed from across the Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir, a senior Indian Army officer has said here. As per the new strategy adopted by Pakistani Army, it now directly handles the operations of militant outfits in the State with involvement of its regulars and sometimes trained commandos, while the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) has been accorded subsidiary role, Major General N S Pathania, GOC of Ace of Spade Division, told a group of visiting journalists yesterday. ….."

India Times 9/7/00 "……India will go ahead with full production of about 300 short-range surface-to-surface Prithvi missiles for all three branches of the defence forces, the Defense News reported quoting Indian government sources. The decision, taken by Defence Minister George Fernandes on August 25, was prompted by Pakistan's test-firing of its Ghauri-III intermediate range ballistic missile 10 days earlier, on Independence Day, a senior Indian ministry official, who was not named, was quoted as saying. The serial production of 300 Prithvis, estimated to cost $200 million, will be built at the state-owned Bharat Dynamics in Hyderabad, which will invest $100 million to ready itself for production. ….."

India Times 9/8/00 "……Pakistan has embarked on a major programme to enhance its air defence systems, according to the Pakistan Defence News Network. According to the network, the project includes upgrading 37mm and 57mm guns and automating its early warning and control systems into real-time. On Wednesday, Pakistan observed Defence Day and vowed to modernise its armed forces. The decision to strengthen its air defence systems comes close on the heels of a six-month long air war game, codenamed `Saffron Bandits', which concluded recently. ……"

THE HINDU 9/11/00 Sridhar Krishnaswami "……The Indian American Christian Coalition of North America will hold a prayer rally in Washington on September 14 to protest against attacks on Christian Missions in India. The rally will take place on the Capitol Hill lawns during the Prime Minister, Mr. A.B. Vajpayee's address to Congress. A press release issued by the organisation said the demonstration was to oppose the persecution and murder of Christians in India and that many lawmakers from the House of Representatives and the Senate would speak at the rally. Mr. Vajpayee would address a joint sitting of Congress on September 14 in the morning. Later, he is scheduled to meet members of the House International Relations Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He would also have lunch with the India Caucus. …….."

The Pioneer 9/12/00 "….. Chief Executive Gen Pervez Musharraf, currently in New York has said, Pakistan is ready to face any aggressive designs of India, and is prepared for the worst in any eventuality. In an exclusive interview to The News' of Pakistan, the Gen said, "India will not only find Pakistan ready to face any military adventure but will also repent any such foolish action. We are totally prepared for the worst. We have been prepared for many months. They better not initiate anything across the Line of Control. They will repent it." Gen Pervez described his visit to the United Nations as very successful and said he amply projected the Kashmir case whose solution has been eluding for over fifty years. ……"

PTI 9/9/00 "……Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee has asserted that his government will not hesitate to take harsh decisions on nuclear and foreign policy issues if the country's interests so demand. When India conducted nuclear tests in 1998 in the interest of the country's security, questions were raised about them but now the entire world accepts the fact, he said. Speaking at a reception hosted in his honour by Indian ambassador Naresh Chandra here on Friday night, Vajpayee gave an upbeat message to the Indian community, pointing out that there was new respect for India which has emerged as a major information technology power. ….."

Dawn 9/1/00 "……..India will sign an agreement purchasing nearly one billion dollars worth of modern Russian tanks before President Vladimir Putin's October visit to New Delhi, a top defence official told Interfax. Vladimir Volkov, a senior official with Russia's Rosvooruzhenye arms exporter, said the T-90S tank sale have entered their decisive stage. The deal, worth some 750 million dollars, involves the sale of 124 tanks and licensed production of another 186 tanks in India…."

Asian Age 9/2/00 "….. Pakistan is not a terrorist state and is not hostile to America, Michael Sheehan, coordinator of counter-terrorism at the US state department, told an Indian weekly on Friday. "We have some issues with Pakistan. They have a record that needs improvement but they are not hostile to the US. And they cooperate with us on a lot of issues. It is not appropriate that they be put in a category like that. Pakistan is not a terrorist state," Mr Sheehan said. This was Mr Sheehan's first interview to a South Asian journal. He, however, said that the US is reviewing whether to declare Lashkar-e-Tayyaba a foreign terrorist organisation. ….."

BBC 8/28/00 "……A tribal Hindu spiritual leader has been killed by separatist rebels in the northeastern Indian state of Tripura. Police say about ten guerrillas belonging to the outlawed National Liberation Front of Tripura ,the NLFT, broke into a temple near the town of Jirania on Sunday night and shot dead Shanti Tripura, a popular Hindu preacher popularly known as Shanti Kali. The separatist group says it wants to convert all tribespeople in the state to Christianity…….The BBC correspondent in the region says the killing has created tension between the majority of tribals, who are Hindu or Buddhist, and the small number of Christian converts. ……"

Dawn 8/25/00 "…….India on Friday successfully tested a short-range surface-to-air missile, Indian defence ministry officials said. The Trishul (trident) was launched from a missile test zone in eastern Orissa at 5:05pm (11:35 GMT). The multi-role missile has a range of 50 kms (31 miles). It was fired using a radar line-of-sight guidance and powered by a two-stage solid propellant system, the sources said. ….."

Dawn 8/25/00 "…….Pakistan has lodged a strong protest with India over trespass of the residence of an official of its high commission in New Delhi. According to foreign office spokesman six intelligence officials barged into the residence of an air adviser in the Pakistan High Commission in the Indian capital on Friday and carried out an "unauthorized" search. "India has geared up its harassment campaign against Pakistani High Commission officials in total violation of Vienna convention on diplomatic relations", he said. "At around 1100 hours (0600 GMT) today, six persons in civilian clothes forced their entry into the residence of the air advisor and carried out unauthorized search," the foreign office said in a statement. ….."

Stratfor 8/20/00 "...... Approximately seven objects streaked through the skies of western Pakistan on Aug. 15. Thousands of villagers witnessed unidentified objects flying from west to east, and crashing into the mountains east of the city of Quetta. Reports are still unclear, but the most likely explanation is that Pakistan has resumed missile testing, possibly flying the Ghuari III for the first time. The initial explanation seems to be centering on a possible meteor shower. But the Pakistani military reportedly scoured the mountains afterwards, searching for debris. And the incident took place on arch-rival India's independence day. ......"

Dawn Mag 9/23/00 "……India could withdraw its nuclear moratorium if its national security was endangered, Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee's national security adviser Brajesh Mishra said on Thursday. " India will continue with the moratorium subject to the supreme national interests. If our supreme national interests are in jeopardy, we can withdraw," Mishra told the state-run Doordarshan television network. He said New Delhi would also try and build up a consensus on the CTBT, which India has consistently opposed. ….."

International Herald Tribune 9/20/00 Stanley Weiss "……Imagine Yugoslavia and President Slobodan Milosevic with nukes. Scary? Well, there is a country with an equally disintegrating, dysfunctional collection of diverse ethnic and linguistic groups. President Bill Clinton has called the area ''the most dangerous place on earth.'' The country is Pakistan - and it has nuclear weapons. Like so many other post-colonial states, Pakistan is a cobbled-together, artificial nation. Since its birth in 1947, however, it has lived with the delusional dream that the Muslims could regain the hegemony over the Hindus that they enjoyed before the British came. It has squandered its vast potential, devoting almost all of its intellectual and material resources to the military - including its nuclear program - and to servicing a growing debt in an obsessional and vain effort to keep up with a far larger India. ……Even when it gained independence, Pakistan was more an acronym than the homeland for Muslims of the Indian subcontinent. ''P'' was for Punjab, ''A'' was for the Afghan-border region of the northwest frontier, ''K'' for Kashmir, ''S'' for Sind, and ''TAN'' for Baluchistan. More Muslims in Hindu-majority states of British India were left behind than were included in the new Islamic nation. ……"

AP 9/19/00 "…… India's most sophisticated surface-to-air missile was successfully test-fired Tuesday off the country's eastern coast. The Akash (sky) missile was fired from India's testing range at Chandipur, off the coast of Orissa state, United News of India news agency quoted military officials as saying. The Akash, one of five missiles being developed by India's Defense Research and Development Organization, has a range of 15 miles. ….."

WORLD NET DAILY 9/18/00 "…….The architect of India's missile programme, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, says India is on the threshold of becoming an Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) power. "Today, we have the capability to design and develop any type of missile including the ICBM. Now, it's for the country to decide," Dr Kalam disclosed in an exclusive interview to The Hindustan Times. "While making an Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM) of the Agni-2 class, all technologies and industrial complexes are available for an ICBM. It'll not take much time, should India decide on it," says Dr Kalam, now Principal Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister. An ICBM has a minimum range of 5,500 km, and so far, only the US, Russia, China, France and Britain have this capability. But he warns that the missile is not for "fragile-minded people". "It would require a strong, highly-willed nation for this to succeed," the missile man caveats. ….."

WORLD NET DAILY 9/17/00 UPI Aamir Shah "……Pakistan has produced a missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead up to 1,550 miles (2,500 km), a report published in Pakistani newspapers said Sunday. Dr. Samar Mubarik Mand, a prominent Pakistani scientist who oversees his country's missile development program, is quoted as saying the Shaheen-II missile is ready for testing……"

Bahrain Tribune 9/18/00 "……The Hizbul Mujahideen threatened yesterday to induct freshly-trained rebels, bolster its armoury and escalate its bloody campaign against Indian rule in Kashmir. The separatist group, which walked out of a truce in August, also renewed its offer for talks with India but maintained that Pakistan must be included in any negotiations on the disputed territory..."

The Hindu 10/9/00 "…..Pakistan today expressed concern over the arms deals signed during Russian President Vladimir Putin's recent visit to India. "Any induction of arms in India can be destabilising for the region," a Foreign Ministry spokesman said at a press briefing here. Russia signed a "strategic partnership" agreement and deals for the export and licensed production of Sukhoi fighter aircraft and T-90s tanks and gave a retired aircraft career as a gift to India during Putin's visit...."

Hindustan Times 9/28/00 Mubashir Zaidi "….. AN ARMY inspection team accompanied by a representative of Sindh Government raided the office of Pakistan's largest circulated daily newspaper Dawn at Karachi yesterday, the management of the Dawn Group of Newspapers said today. The Dawn group issued a press release stating that an Army monitoring team, consisting of six armed forces personnel, accompanied by three engineers of the Karachi Electric Supply Corporation (KESC) and a professed representative of the Electrical Inspector, Government of Sindh, arrived this morning at the group's headquarters at Karachi. "

India Times 10/5/00 ".....The Indian armed forces are poised to receive a major boost in their strike capability following the signing of four key defence agreements worth $3 billion with Russia on Wednesday. The agreements envisage a contract for the purchase and assembly of 310 T-90 tanks, acquisition of the aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov, transfer of technology and licensed production of 140 Sukhoi-30 MKI multi-role fighters, and the establishment of a bilateral commission on military technical cooperation. ...."

The Hindu 10/4/00 "......The Pakistan Army is supplying weapons like stinger missiles and mortars, which are capable of firing long distances, to terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir, indicating a shift in their tactics, defence sources said today. Recent seizures of 82mm mortars, rocket launchers and grenade launchers made by security forces showed that terrorists were finding it increasingly difficult to attack Army camps with ease due to heightened security, they said. As a result, the Pakistan Army was equipping terrorists with weapons which could fire long distances, facilitating easy attack and get-away, they said. ...."

The Times of India News Service 10/6/00 Dinesh Kumar "…..The Indian Navy's 30-year submarine plan would involve setting up two separate assembly lines and is aimed at avoiding further import of submarines. Negotiations are on with both Paris and Moscow to indigenously build the French Scorpene class and the Russian Amur class submarines, sources said. The Navy has virtually abandoned an earlier project to build the German-design HDW submarines. ``This is mainly because it is difficult to fit the HDW designed submarines with missiles. Also, building the Scorpene submarines will work out cheaper,'' said a source. The Navy considers it mandatory to equip all future submarines with conventional missiles. ……."

Dawn 10/1/00 "……The Indian army will be trained to prepare for a nuclear war with an emphasis on weapons, tactics and war games, the new army chief, Gen Sunderrajan Padmanabhan, was quoted as saying on Sunday. "If we have a capability, it is necessary that we should be prepared with our doctrines, tactics and plans. A certain amount of work has already been done in this regard which I would not like to go into. But we need to finetune it further." Padmanabhan, who took charge on Saturday, said India's military force needed to be ready for a nuclear war, "even if it is unlikely to take place", according to the Times of India. "Nuclear weapons are weapons of tremendous power ... we have to war game, evolve, assess, internalize tactics and work out a series of approximations," he said……."

The Hindu 10/2/00 C Raja Mohan "…..As part of their efforts to build a new partnership in a changing world, India and Russia are likely to discuss various issues relating to nuclear non-proliferation and cooperation in the peaceful uses of atomic energy during the four-day visit by the Russian President, Mr. Vladimir Putin. The Russian President, one of the youngest leaders in the world today, arrived here this evening. In a special personal gesture, the Prime Minister Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee, is hosting a private dinner for the Russian leader tonight. Mr. Putin will be formally welcomed tomorrow in the forecourt of the Rashtrapati Bhavan. One of the highlights of the visit, first by a Russian leader in about seven years, will be a trip to the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre at Trombay later this week. Mr. Putin will have an extended interaction with the nuclear establishment there. That the leader of a nuclear power is going to the heart of the Indian atomic weapons establishment is unlikely to be ignored in the rest of the world. …….Mr. Putin's visit to the BARC also reflects the reality that Russia today is the only great power which is ready to cooperate with India in the atomic energy sector. ……."

Rediff 10/3/00 "..... The Republic of India and the Russian Federation, herein after referred to as the Sides

PROCEEDING from a desire to further consolidate their traditionally close and friendly ties to mutual benefit.

DRAWING upon their rich and fruitful tradition of cooperation in various fields accumulated over half a century since their establishment of diplomatic relations.

EMPHASIZING the fundamental and lasting importance of the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation of 28 January 1993, which was a continuation of the bilateral Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation of 9 August 1971; of the Declaration on the Further Development and Intensification of Cooperation between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation of 30 June, 1994; and of the Moscow Declaration on the further Development and Intensification of Cooperation between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation of 30 June, 1994; and of the Moscow Declaration on the Protection of the Interests of Pluralistic States of 30 June, 1994.

CONVINCED that the further comprehensive development of their bilateral ties would promote progress and prosperity in both states and the consolidation of positive trends in the world as a whole. ......"

The Hindu 1/4/01 B. Muralidhar Reddy ".....Pakistan is to test a ballistic missile, `Haider- 1', with a range of 300 km in the first week of March. The Pakistani news agency, Online, has reported that the missile will be on display at the joint services parade on Pakistan Day on March 23. It is capable of carrying nuclear warheads and its accuracy is claimed to be 100 per cent as compared to the Shaheen missile, the report said. Some of the major cities of India are within its range. ....."

Indian Express 1/5/01 "…..A Pentagon think-tank has said that India and the United States are unlikely to engage in war at any time as the two countries have incentives for warmer relations. ''A regional war involving the United States and India would be an unlikely occurrence, as there are incentives to warmer relations,'' the Institute for National Strategic Studies of the National Defence University said. In a study titled "All Possible Wars? Towards a Consensus View of the Future Security Environment, 2001-2025", it said, ''India which demographically and technologically is dominant power of South Asia, has long attempted to reduce US and other Western influence in the region. ….."

DAWN 12/16/00 Tahir Mirza ".....Asia's future may be decided on the "high frontiers" of Kashmir, according to the chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Henry H. Shelton. In an address at the National Press Club here on Thursday that coincides with the transition from Clinton to the Bush administration, Gen Shelton said the greatest investment of US time, energy and diplomacy must be focused in the future on developments in Asia, the Middle East and Russia since these regions "have the potential to dramatically affect America's economic, political and security interests." ..."

India Times 12/17/00 ".....United States secretary of state-designate Colin Powell strongly believes that his country should recognise India as a major regional power and strategic ally. Powell accepted Goerge W Bush's nomination as secretary of state Saturday. "I think India is a land with enormous potential," Powell had said in an interview with India Abroad News Service two years ago, adding that it was imperative that Washington embraced New Delhi as regional power and strategic ally. ...."

The Hindu 12/13/00 "....Pakistan's Shaheen-II Medium-Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM) has undergone static engine tests and is awaiting a decision by the country's political leadership to be flight-tested, Jane's Defence Weekly has reported. Shaheen-II is a two-stage, solid-fuelled missile capable of carrying a 1,000 kg warhead up to 2,500 km (covering most cities of India), the report quoted National Development Complex (NDC) officials as saying.

The 17 metre-long missile has a circular error of probability (CEP) of about 350 m, a total launch weight of 2,500 kg, and a diameter of 1.4 m. ......It is carried on a 12 X 12 transporter-erector-launcher similar to Russian Maz-547 V and can be tipped with nuclear, fragmentation, fuel-air explosive, unitary, and cluster warheads. ...."

Daily Telegraph 12/11/00 Ahmed Rashid "……Secret deal: Pakistan's former prime minister Nawaz Sharif has been exiled to Saudia Arabia An announcement said the move had been made "in the best interests of the country and the people of Pakistan". Mr Sharif and his family had appealed for clemency from Gen Pervaiz Musharraf, Chief Executive, several times over the past few months. They said he was suffering from high blood pressure and heart problems. …… The army said it had pardoned Sharif, who had been given a double life sentence. All his property would be confiscated, and he would pay fines of £300,000 for his corruption convictions. He would not be allowed to take part in politics for at least 21 years. ….."

The Hindu 11/22/00 AP "….Pakistan possesses a minimum nuclear deterrence that needs neither American nor Chinese technology to sustain it, Mohammed Riaz, a Foreign Ministry spokesman has said. A promise made by China yesterday not to pass on missile technology to nuclear capable States would not hurt Pakistan's missile programme, he said. In a statement carried by China's official Xinhua news agency, the Chinese Foreign Ministry issued the most explicit pledge to date on refraining from spreading missile technology...."

India Times 11/18/00 "…..Pakistan has a stockpile of 720 kg of weapon-grade uranium, which is enough to make 36 nuclear weapons, the Friday Times reported quoting strategic thinkers. However, there is no clear report that Pakistan also possesses a delivery system for nuclear weapons. It is reported that Pakistan has developed and tested ''nuclear weapons'' based on a Chinese design that was intended for delivery by an intermediate range missile. Pakistan probably had nuclear weapons before the availability of the delivery system...."

The Hindu 10/31/00 "…… (Reuters): Pakistan today accused arch-rival India of heightening tensions along a military control line in disputed Kashmir where both sides have reported deadly cross- border shelling in recent days. A Pakistan Foreign Ministry spokesman told reporters that Pakistan was seeking to lower these tensions and was keeping a United Nations military observers' group in the area informed of the Indian violations. "There is escalation of tensions along the Line of Control (LoC) as you have seen regular reports on that," he said. "We have always maintained that there should be de-escalation and lowering of tensions because escalation can only aggravate the situation, (and) will solve nothing," he said. ….."

Rediff 10/30/00"….. India can make nuke bomb of up to 200 kt yield: Chidambaram India now has the capability to design and fabricate nuclear weapons of yields ranging from 'low' to around 200 kilo tons yield, Atomic Energy Commission chairman Dr Rajgopal Chidambaram said in Bombay on Monday. ''The five carefully planned and completely successful nuclear weapon tests at Pokhran on May 11 and 13, 1998, and confirmation of design yields by seismic, radiochemical and other studies carried out by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), gave us the capability to design and fabricate nuclear weapons ranging from low yield to around 200 kilo tons,'' Dr Chidambaram told nuclear scientists and technocrats at the BARC. ….."

Reuters 10/28/00 Ashok Pahalwan ".....India said it killed at least a dozen Pakistani soldiers and wounded several others in a clash Saturday along the military line dividing the disputed Himalayan territory of Kashmir. The Pakistan army said it was unaware of a clash. Firing across the line was continuing, an Indian defense spokesman told Reuters in Jammu, the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir state. He said the exchange of fire along the Line of Control (LoC) began early Saturday in Rajouri district, some 110 miles north of Jammu...."

India Times 10/29/00 "…… A bomb disguised as a child's toy exploded in southwestern Pakistan on Saturday, killing four brothers and wounding another brother and their mother, the state-run news agency said. Five boys found the toy bomb near their home in Chaman, located on Pakistan's southwestern frontier with Afghanistan, the Associated Press of Pakistan reported. It exploded when they brought it to their home and were playing with it, said The APP report. Their mother was among the injured. ….."

UPI WIRE 10/28/00 "…….Pakistan will not allow the United States to send missiles through its air space to strike at Islamist targets in Afghanistan, Foreign Minister Abdul Sattar said Saturday. ….."

DECCAN HERALD 10/22/00 "….. (PTI) Pakistan has moved nine Army divisions equipped with ammunition towards the International Border with India from Marala to Rann of Kutch to "conduct massive exercises", the English daily The Newsreported today. The troops from the three corps started rolling towards the border with India on Thursday and the movement was still on till last night, it said quoting sources in the armed forces...."

STATESMAN NEWS SERVICE 10/22/00 SRINJOY CHOWDHURY "….The Bramhos, a new supersonic missile, is virtually impossible to shoot down and can be launched from ships and aircraft and made to carry a nuclear warhead. The Russians have provided the missile but the Defence Research and Development Organisation is "fine-tuning" it to enhance its range and warhead-carrying capacity. Till now, only the short-range Prithvi and the intermediate-ranged Agni can carry nuclear warheads. "It's in the final stages of development and could be handed over to the Navy very soon," a senior official said. ….."

DECCAN HERALD 10/21/00 "......The Corps of Detectives (CoD) has filed three charge-sheets against 31 persons, including four Pakistani nationals, in connection with the serial bomb blasts in churches in the state during June-July this year. The CoD will seek the assistance of the Interpol division of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) to issue a red-corner noticeagainst the mastermind behind the blasts, Sayed Zia Ul Hasan (65) of Deendar Anjuman, and three of his sons presently holed up in Pakistan. ....."

The Washington Times 10/18/00 Azizur Rahman "…….The head of a Hindu nationalist party that embraces the prime minister among its members is calling for the banning of foreign churches and the creation of a national Christian church such as exists in China. At a huge rally this week in Agra, the city where the Taj Majal is located, RSS leader Kuppahalli Sitharamaiya Sudarshan appealed to patriotic Indian Christians to "free themselves from the stranglehold of foreign countries by setting up Indian nationalistic churches." India should follow the example of China by establishing a national church and ban foreign churches, continued Mr. Sudarshan ..."

Rediff 10/17/00 Josy Joseph "…….The recent visit of an Indian naval fleet to the South China Sea is a great leap in maritime diplomacy, believe naval officials. The visit to various Asian countries, especially China, has demolished certain diplomatic prejudices, even as it sets up a strong, confidence-building path between India and China. The Chinese, who had raised a diplomatic furore over India's plans to hold exercises in the South China Sea, gave the fleet a rousing welcome and, in an unusual gesture, released a first-day cover in honour of the visit. ..."

INSIDE CHINA TODAY 10/13/00 "……. Chinese troops have been making regular forays across the highly sensitive Sino-Indian border into the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh, the region's top official said Friday. Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Mulcut Mithi said New Delhi has been informed of the Chinese incursion over the disputed border, known as the Line of Actual Control (LAC). India and China fought a bitter border war in 1962 with Chinese troops advancing deep into Arunachal Pradesh and inflicting heavy casualties. ….."

Middle East News Line 10/17/00 "….. India's air force sustained another blow when two MiG-21 fighters collided. It was the latest accident to involve the aging MiG-21s amid increasing complaints from Indian defense officials that Russia has failed to upgrade the jet. A $500 million Russian upgrade project has been hampered by delays. The Press Trust of India said the two MiGs were part of a mission when they collided in the northeastern district of Sonitpur on Monday. At least one pilot was killed, the agency said. The other pilot ejected safely. ….."

Rediff 10/16/00 "…..Musharraf Pakistan could use its Nuclear Bomb against India if its security is jeopardised, its military ruler, General Pervez Musharraf, told CBS's '60 Minutes' television programme. "I would never like to use it first of all. But if you ask me a direct question when would I use them.. if Pakistan's security gets jeopardised, then only one would like to think of it," Musharraf told the TV programme on Sunday. The military ruler said he was proud of Pakistan's nuclear bomb "for Pakistan's sake". …."

Dawn 10/15/00 Latafat Ali Siddiqui "…….Indian Defence Minister George Fernandes said here on Saturday that despite economic sanctions his country would not give up its nuclear programme because of threats it was facing. "We are surrounded by nuclear powers. These powers are possessing missiles and other weapons of mass destruction and therefore, New Delhi's threat perceptions are genuine," he said while speaking at a reception hosted for him by the Indo-Canada Chamber of Commerce. The minister said that India was aware of threats and challenges on its borders and said: "New Delhi is geared up to meet any foreign aggression." Mr Fernandes, who is currently on a visit to Canada, said Pakistan was not keeping secret of its nuclear bombs and missiles. ….."

Dawn 10/16/00 "…..General Pervez Musharraf rejected suggestions that newly-created nuclear arsenal could fall into the hands of increasingly powerful Islamic radicals. "I don't think that is going to take place," Musharraf told CBS's "60 Minutes" television program. "Never has a religious party won seats in our assemblies," he added. Never. Pakistan is a very moderate Islamic country." But US officials are increasingly concerned that the generals, who seized power in Pakistan one year ago, are beholden to Islamic radicals, and these fundamentalists could end up controlling nuclear weapons, the network said. They believe many military officers in Musharraf's army are sympathetic to the "militants", and if the general tries to crack down against Islamic leaders, he may be overthrown, the CBS report said. ….."