Revised 7/21/99 4/8/99 Freeper henbane "…2100 GMT, 990408 Despite NATO's warning that it would not stop the attacks, the Tanjug news agency has reported that thousands of Serbs are massing on bridges in Belgrade and Novi Sad tonight…"

The New York Times 4/8/99 Edmund L. Andrews Freeper Cicero "…By dropping bridges into the Danube, NATO has managed to cut one of Europe's main arteries of trade, effecting Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Bulgaria. Kind of like dropping a bridge into the Mississippi around St. Louis…."

Associated Press 4/9/99 Barry Renfrew Freeper Brian Mosely "...MOSCOW (AP) - Almost a decade after the Soviet Union collapsed, Russia is resounding with Cold War rhetoric and gestures as politicians, officials and journalists denounce NATO attacks on Yugoslavia as an imperialist plot...."

Business Week 4/19/99 Patricia Kranz Freeper Stand Watch Listen "....EXCERPTS "Indeed, the crisis is dividing the U.S. and Russia like no other issue since the height of the cold war. And how the Kosovo war is resolved could have a huge impact both on domestic Russian politics and on the tenor of U.S.-Russian relations for years to come. The NATO strikes are fanning anti-American sentiment in Russia, giving a boost to President Boris N. Yeltsin's hard-line opponents, and undermining support for arms control. That's why, as a friend of Serbia, Primakov is scrambling to act as mediator in the conflict. If he can negotiate a cease-fire, he could be acclaimed for bringing peace and restoring Russia's prestige on the international stage. And he would become the leading contender to succeed Yeltsin as President in elections set for June 2000. "..."

Reuters 4/9/99 "...Russia locked horns with the West over Kosovo Friday, reportedly ordering its strategic missiles to be aimed at countries bombing Yugoslavia and warning that it would not allow NATO to launch a ground war. Parliamentary speaker Gennady Seleznyov also declared in Moscow that Russian troops would be stationed in Yugoslavia if a political union between Belgrade, Belarus and Russia went ahead and that ``our navy would be in the appropriate seas.'' Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said later he was not aware of any presidential order to target nuclear missiles on NATO countries involved in bombing Yugoslavia....``As far as the Foreign Ministry is aware, no orders regarding missiles have been issued,'' he told a news conference. ``Russia will stand by all international commitments, including those regarding arms.'' ..."

The Times of India 4/10/99 Agencies "...NATO jets unleashed wide-ranging attacks against Yugoslavia on Orthodox Good Friday, hitting an oil depot and a weapons complex containing the country's only auto plant, despite a Yugoslav declaration that the 14-month crackdown in Kosovo is over. The airstrikes came as a former Cyprus President began what he called a ``humanitarian mission'' to secure the release of three American soldiers held by Yugoslavia. In Moscow, Russian foreign minister Igor Ivanov said on Friday NATO could be using a new type of weapon in its attacks against Yugoslavia. ``In several regions of Kosovo, experts noted a high level of radiation in the air and the soil,'' Ivanov was quoted as saying by ITAR-TASS. ``This gives us basis to believe that NATO may be using a new type of weapon in Yugoslavia -- with radioactive components,'' Ivanov said...."

New York Times 4/9/99 Seth Mydans "...EXCERPTS "Vietnam has been free for 4,000 years," he said. "Whoever has come to fight us -- China, France, America -- they're all gone." News in Vietnam is carefully controlled and the opinions of people like Tuan are shaped by television news programs that emphasize bombing rather than Serbian persecution of Kosovar Albanians, and by newspaper commentaries that play up the surface parallels with their own experience. "The NATO air strikes have again divided the United States, which now faces the possibility of repeating the mistakes it made in its war against Vietnam," said the army newspaper, Quan Doi Nhan Dan...."

Boston Globe 4/8/99 Jeff Jacoby Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "The score after 15 days: The number of Albanians ethnically ''cleansed'' out of Kosovo is now above 400,000; the total for the past year is approaching 1 million. Macedonia and Albania, shaky to begin with, have been unhinged by the flood of refugees that poured across their borders. The war has convulsed Montenegro, Serbia's tiny sister republic; its government sympathizes with the West, but many Montenegrins are rallying to support Slobodan Milosevic. In Serbia itself, Milosevic is stronger than ever; his domestic opposition - organized and vocal just months ago - was the first casualty of the NATO attack. Europe, facing its worst refugee crisis since World War II, is stunned; tens of refugees are dying daily; the amounts of manpower and equipment needed to aid them are far greater than anything NATO anticipated. Three US servicemen are prisoners of war. "..."

STRATFOR's Global Intelligence Update 4/9/99 Freeper Brian Mosely "...Economics and the control of natural resources figure into any conflict to a certain extent. The situation in the Former Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) has been no different. NATO has certainly been targeting the Serb energy infrastructure, hoping to cripple the military and reduce the will of the people to fight. In terms of natural resources, Serbia imports the majority of its crude oil and natural gas. The two Serb refineries are located at Novi Sad and Pancevo. Crude oil imports were coming primarily through the Adria pipeline, which runs through Omisalj, Croatia west to Slovenia, Hungary and Slovakia, and then east to Novi Sad, Pancevo and Kukinda. At the start of the NATO air campaign, Croatia halted shipments via the Adria pipeline. Russian natural gas is imported through the Bratsvo pipeline, which runs through the Ukraine and Hungary. However, the main source of power for Yugoslavia is coal-generated electricity. ..."

FBI Awareness of National Security Issues and Response (ANSIR) 4/7/99 "...Threat to Kill American Military Personnel in the United States The following information was prepared by FBI SA Stephen Kosky on Wednesday, April 07, 1999, and is forwarded for information only: "On 3/20/99, three Serbian orthodox churches and one Serbian-American social club received the same one-page faxed threat message. This faxed message exhorts Serb nationalists in the United States to kill U.S. military personnel within the United States "on streets, in parks, in shopping malls, in movie theaters, in their homes, wherever they may be," with no specific targeting advice. The fax urges that these murders should be committed as soon as NATO bombing begins in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) in order to sway U.S. opinion against military action in the FRY. The known recipients of this fax are located in the Midwestern and Western United States. The FBI requests that all Service members remain alert for persons acting on behalf of Serbia in response to this message. If Service members receive, or hear of, similar information, they should contact their local FBI office. To date, the FBI possesses no information indicating that any individuals have committed or are planning acts of violence in response to the ongoing NATO strikes. FBI investigation into the origin of this threat is continuing...."

AP 4/9/99 Freeper haffast "...The U.S. Army has begun deploying equipment to support the use of Apache helicopters in NATO airstrikes on Yugoslav forces in Kosovo, U.S. Army European headquarters said Friday...."

THE REAGAN INFORMATION INTERCHANGE 4/9/99 Mark Stokrp Freeper prometheus "...Kosovo is an integral part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. As mandated by the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 and more recently by U.N. Security Council Resolution 1199, to which both the U.S. and Yugoslavia are bound, the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Yugoslavia must be respected. As a sovereign nation, Yugoslavia has every right to respond to neutralize an armed insurrection by the Kosovo Liberation Army to wrest control of Kosovo...."

STRATFOR 4/10/99 "...0109 GMT, 990410 - Israeli Foreign Minister Ariel Sharon was scolded in Washington on Friday by U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright for his warning that an independent Kosovo would be a hotbed of Islamic fundamentalist militancy in the heart of Europe and his thinly veiled opposition to NATO air strikes. That done, Sharon briefed Albright on his contacts with Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov regarding the Kosovo crisis. Sharon said he had urged Ivanov to work for the release of three U.S. servicemen held by Belgrade, and received Ivanov's promise to do so. Sharon is traveling to Moscow on Saturday to meet with Ivanov...."

STRATFOR 4/10/99 "...0200 GMT, 990410 - Five explosions were reported in Belgrade shortly before midnight local time on April 9, 1999. Aircraft were heard overhead at 2125 GMT. Tanjug news agency reported that the official Serb RTS television transmitter near Pristina was hit by NATO bombs. An Agence France Presse reporter said there were two explosions in Pristina around 2210 GMT. In related matters, thousands of civilians reportedly gathered on bridges in Yugoslavia to act as human shields in protest of NATO bombings.

STRATFOR 4/10/99 "...0225 GMT, 990410 - NATO Supreme Commander General Wesley Clark told reporters on April 9, 1999 that the air campaign over Yugoslavia had succeeded. At the same time, Clark has called for dozens more aircraft, among them F-16CJ's and EA-6B Prowlers, to be deployed to the region in support of the air campaign. In related matters, NATO officials said that 200 sorties have been flown by allied aircraft in the past 24 hours and have attacked five different target areas...."

STRATFOR 4/10/99 "...0210 GMT, 990410 - Pentagon officials continued to accuse Serbia of atrocities on April 9, 1999. "We're getting some very disturbing reports out of Kosovo recently that young Kosovar women are being herded into a Serb army training camp near the town of Dakovica ... where they are being raped by troops and ... that as many as 20 may have been killed in the course of this," Pentagon spokesman Kenneth Bacon said. Additionally, US ambassador at large for war crimes issues, David Scheffer displayed photographs of six of the nine Serb Army officers accused of war crimes...."

Washington Post 4/9/99 Mary Jordan "...North Korean officials are rejoicing in the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia because they believe it distracts Washington from focusing on their repressive regime and illustrates the pitfalls awaiting any potential U.S. military action against Pyongyang. North Korean leader Kim Jong Il is suspected of pursuing expensive nuclear weapons and missile-development programs while millions of his people are suffering from hunger.... Russian analysts who interviewed North Korean officials for a just-released report from the Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, Calif., said the NATO bombing has had a major impact on the North Korean government, and might lead it to further upgrade its missile and military capability. "The bombing has 'completely and irreversibly' convinced Pyongyang that it is dealing with a 'new Hitler' who is determined to conquer the entire world through intimidation, pressure and aggression," the report said, referring to President Clinton. The Russian analysts also said North Koreans view the bombing in Yugoslavia as "broadening opportunities" for North Korea. While it is preoccupied in Europe, the United States, in the North Koreans' view, will be more "flexible in other parts of the world, including Korea," the report concluded....Pyon noted that when a top North Korean official, Hwang Jang Yop, defected two years ago, he said that North Korea would take military action when the Americans became "occupied with another international conflict." "That makes me nervous," Pyon said...."

4/10/99 Voice of Russia Freeper Thanatos "…We are addressing the servicemen by the NATO policy-makers to action against Yugoslavia/ It is a shame that you’ve been ordered to continue bombing Yugoslavia on Easter. You are committing a serious sin. Your bombs and missiles are killing people just as they are getting ready to celebrate Easter either this week or in a week. Why should this be? Just because NATO leaders and US President Clinton have refused to meet calls by Pope John Paul II and Russian Patriarch Alexiy for suspension of attacks during Easter. Neither the NATO leaders nor President Clinton are likely to be worried if this Easter happens to be the last in your lives. They don’t care if your missiles and bombs turn Easter into a nightmare and spell death for men, women and children of Yugoslavia. Use your brains…" (Inside Cover) 4/10/99 "…Ten days ago, after Staff Sgts. Andrew Ramirez, Christopher Stone and Spec. Steven Gonzales became the first P.O.W.'s of Bill Clinton's Balkan adventure, the President warned: Slobodan Milosevic should make no mistake -- the United States takes care of its own." But just days later Clinton's committment to winning the soldiers' freedom seemed to have cooled somewhat. Responding to reporters who asked whether our hostages would be let go soon, the President offered a tepid, "I hope so"…. While the Cypriot Prime Minister cooled his heels on NATO's orders, the Clinton administration seemed to take advantage of the delay to do everything in its power to discourage the hostage release. Here's how CBS radio covered Thursday's developments: "Even if Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic makes good on a promise to release three captured U.S. soldiers, he won't be off the hook. Speaking to American troops at the air base in Aviano, Italy, Defense Secretary William Cohen said Milosevic doesn't deserve a break." (Cohen soundbite): "He and his hooded thugs are going through and destroying the lives of hundreds if not thousands of people...." …Since Wednesday, when Milosevic unilaterally declared an Easter cease fire and began to dangle the hostages' freedom, NATO has conducted its most aggressive and destructive bombing campaign of the two week old war. On Thursday the Serb president ordered his army to stand down in Kosovo, an announcement which NATO dismissed as a propaganda ploy. That night's bombing was more furious than the last. On Friday Cypriot sources blamed the NATO air raids for the collapse of negotiations on the release of our G.I. hostages. Excuse us for asking -- But does Bill Clinton NOT want Milosevic to free our three P.O.W.'s? He certainly seems to be doing everything he can to undermine that prospect. For instance, how does bombing the daylights out of their captors the moment Serbia offers to discuss a release jibe with Clinton's pledge: "We take care of our own"? After all, can't we just as easily bomb Serbia back to the stone age after Ramirez, Gonzalez and Stone are set free? Thursday's New York Times reported that Mr. Clinton has adjusted to the life and death conseqences of his role as Commander-in-Chief, an adjustment which -- "allows him to turn off his concern not only for the lives of civilians but for American troops as well." …"

National Post 4/10/99 David Frum "… When a Serbian army detachment captured three American soldiers, President Clinton angrily complained that Serbia had no right to do that. Let me see if I have this straight: We're allowed to bomb the Serbian capital city, but the Serbs aren't allowed to shoot back. There remains a persistent air of unreality about NATO's Yugoslav war. We are supposedly bombing Belgrade into submission. And yet, when Serbs open the taps in their kitchens, the water still flows. When they flip on the lights, the electricity still runs. This is not a bombing campaign. It's the world's first attempt at bombing therapy: We are bombing the Serbs to help them to deal more constructively with their anger, and to find non-violent ways of expressing their feelings about their Kosovar neighbours….. Those who talk of "sending in ground troops" seem bitten by what wits in Washington are calling "the Yugoslav syllogism" -- "something must be done. This is something. Let's do it." They have no war plans, no definition of victory, no plausible operational plan that does not end with a permanent NATO occupation of Kosovo and an open-ended security guarantee to Albania….It is folly to start a war when you have no clear idea of what you are trying to accomplish, no realistic plan for victory, and no willingness to pay victory's cost. It was folly to start bombing, and having started it would be worse folly to continue. This week may be the last clear chance to call this war off. Once NATO troops land on the ground, the opportunity for saving face through elegant diplomatic formulas will have passed for good, and the West will be pledged to tramp its way through to true victory or unspinnable defeat…."

Boston Herald 4/10/99 Andrew Miga "…Chilling reports of the systematic rape of ethnic Albanian women at a Serb army base and the murder of perhaps 20 of them surfaced yesterday as NATO braced for a new peace plan from Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic. Serb forces are brutalizing young women after separating them from their families and "herding" them to an army training camp near the southwest Kosovo town of Dakovica, the Pentagon charged. "We're getting some very disturbing reports out of Kosovo recently of young Kosovo women who are being herded into a Serb army training camp . . . where they are being raped by troops," said Pentagon spokesman Kenneth Bacon. The charges come on the heels of a report from a Boston-based human rights group that there is evidence that Serb soldiers herded 21 young Albanian men into a pit and then blew them up with explosives. And that report was preceded by a BBC video that showed scores of Kosovar men found dead from bullets to the head…."

BBC 4/10/99 Freeper starlu "…The expulsion of refugees from Kosovo has restarted, prompting fears of a new wave of ethnic cleansing....BBC Correspondent Duncan Kennedy in Kukes said it is not clear whether the new expulsions mean the Serbs intend to start a new wave of ethnic cleansing or whether it was a one-off show of force against an isolated community…."

The Washington Post 4/10/99 Colbert King "…Secretary of State Madeleine Albright dropped by the Brookings Institution the other day to tell a gathering of scholars, excellencies of the diplomatic corps and distinguished Brookings officials how the war with Yugoslavia was going…... If the call comes, it won't be foreign policy wonks doing the fighting and dying in the mountains and valleys of the Balkans. That piece of nasty business will likely fall to men and women hailing from the other end of the economic and social spectrum. They'll be youth drawn from rural Appalachia and Midwestern working-class communities. They'll come from barrios and from the ranks of the disadvantaged in Anacostia, West Baltimore, East Los Angeles and Southside Chicago. Sparkling exchanges about post-Cold War missions in the Balkans are in short supply in those communities. Most know little about that southeast corner of Europe or the ethnic hatreds in that part of the globe. But American communities beyond Washington's think tanks are where the manpower to prosecute a ground war will be found. And those American troops deployed in the field won't look a thing like the Brookings audience Albright addressed on Tuesday. "When talk turns from airstrikes to a ground war, the dangers shift to us," a black congressional aide told me this week. That's borne out by the numbers. The combat arms -- the infantry, artillery and armor that fight land wars -- are where the Army's highest percentages of African Americans are found. Nearly 30 percent of the Army's enlisted personnel are African Americans -- vs. a 13 percent black U.S. population. Hispanics in the Army represent about 8 percent. The percentages of racial minorities may run even higher in some paratrooper, Ranger and Special Forces units. As happened in Vietnam, when casualties start mounting and body bags get shipped back to the United States, they aren't likely to end up in houses of worship in Chevy Chase, well-off suburbs or chapels on ivy-covered college campuses. A disproportionate number of the wounded and dead coming home from a ground war will be headed for neighborhoods rarely if ever ventured into by America's foreign policy elite.,,,,:

Capitol Hill Blue 4/9/99 "…A bipartisan group of congressmen who attended NATO briefings on the Yugoslavia conflict Friday urged the White House to prepare the nation for months of U.S. military action and for casualties. Nine of the 12 congressmen who accompanied Defense Secretary William Cohen to Brussels also said Clinton should push NATO to plan for use of ground forces if air strikes fail to reverse Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic's effort to drive ethnic Albanians out of Kosovo…..The lawmakers said they were ``generally encouraged'' by the commitment NATO allies have toward the effort. ut they said they doubted air strikes alone would work to achieve NATO's broad objective of removing Milosevic's troops from Kosovo and returning the refugees to the province under international protection…."

AP 4/10/99 Freeper thewildthing "…the Pentagon announced Saturday that 82 U.S. planes would join airstrikes over Yugoslavia in a move to intensify the battle against Serb forces. Allies were expected to add dozens more aircraft within days. "The addition of these aircraft will allow us to ... expand the number of strikes over any 24-hour-day period," Pentagon spokesman Kenneth Bacon said. The new U.S. aircraft include 24 F-16CJ fighters, four A-10 "tank killer'' aircraft, six EA-6B Prowlers that have radar-jamming abilities, 39 KC-135 refueling tankers, two DC-10 tankers and seven C-130 cargo planes. The deployment will bring the U.S. aircraft contribution to about 480 warplanes out of a total NATO force of nearly 700, according to Bacon. …" 4/10/99 "…1810 GMT 990410 - On April 12, 1999 Yugoslav and Serbian parliaments will discuss joining a political alliance with Russia and Belarus Yugoslav according to the Tanjug news agency. "A meeting of both parliaments has been called for Monday," Tanjug said. "The main reason for calling the meeting is the decision to join a Union with Russia and Belarus." On April 9 Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic requested to join an existing alliance between Russia and Belarus. After consultations between the Russian and Belarusian presidents, the two countries approved the request…."

Sttratfor website 4/10/99 "…0136 GMT, 990410 Diplomatic efforts have kicked into high gear in the aftermath of Wednesdays Contact Group showdown. That deadlocked confrontation between Russia and the U.S. apparently sent other players, not eager to get caught in a renewed clash between the two, scurrying for a way out. Italy hinted it was not happy with the continued bombing campaign, while France on Thursday dispatched a senior envoy to Moscow. Israeli Foreign Minister Sharon has apparently played an intermediary role between Ivanov and Albright as well. The results began to emerge at Friday’s G-8 meeting, when the group began hammering out the details of an international, rather than NATO, peacekeeping force for Kosovo. Calls from France, the OIC, and others for a UN role in resolving the crisis appeared to be coming to fruition, judging from comments made by Kofi Annan and the UNHCR. What appears to be shaping up is a settlement involving a Yugoslav cease fire and withdrawal from at least part of Kosovo, the return of Kosovar refugees, and an interim government of a Kosovo autonomous region within Yugoslavia led by Ibrahim Rugova ; all guaranteed by a UN-mandated international peacekeeping force, modeled after or expanded from SFOR. The handoff from NATO to the UN allows all parties – NATO, Belgrade, Washington, and Moscow – to save face, and avoids both a bloody ground war and a renewed Cold to Warm War between Russia and NATO…." 4/10/99 2126 GMT, 990410 "…The gap is narrowing dramatically between NATO demands and what Belgrade is willing to accept. The key sticking point - the composition of the international peacekeeping force for Kosovo - appears to be resolved, or very nearly so. Three points apparently remain unsettled. The main point is timing of the agreement, with Belgrade demanding a bombing halt first, and NATO demanding a Yugoslav troop withdrawal from Kosovo first. This is clearly a matter of saving face, and were talks more advanced, might have been solved by an Orthodox Easter truce. A second issue is how much of Kosovo receives autonomy. Belgrade might still demand some kind of partition plan for the province. A third point is just which Kosovar Albanian leaders will form the autonomous region's government…." 4/10/99 "…2315 GMT, 990410 – According to Serbian sources, Yugoslav television in Kraljevo reported a strong blast from the village of Samaile, 10 km from Kraljevo in the direction of Cacak, at about 2300 local time…."

4/10/99 Freeper DonMorgan Martin Walker "…Europe and the United States are considering offering Yugoslavia and all other Balkan countries membership of NATO and the European Union as the incentives of a post-war stability pact for the region which seeks "to anchor them firmly in the Euro-Atlantic structures". The highly ambitious plan for using the Kosovo war as an opportunity for the long-term stabilisation of the Balkan countries, which would include debt relief, was presented on Thursday by the EU's German presidency. "The prospect of EU membership is a key incentive to reform," the stability plan says. "Alongside accession to the EU, the prospect of NATO membership is one of the most important incentives for reform for the countries of south-eastern Europe. "Therefore, it is particularly important that NATO continues its course and keeps the door open to new members in the long term." The broad outlines of the plan were floated earlier this week with the US and major European powers…."

Fox News 4/11/99 Barry Schweid "...Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said Sunday the number of Serb troops permitted to remain in Kosovo would have to be reduced in light of the onslaught against ethnic Albanians in the province. In another potential policy shift bound to anger Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic, Albright did not rule out partitioning Kosovo as part of a settlement, provided there are ways to protect Orthodox holy sites..... But earlier Sunday, John Podesta, the White House chief of staff, said in Washington on NBC's "Meet The Press'' that "the partition of Kosovo is not on the table.'' And Defense Secretary William Cohen, on ABC's "This Week,'' said: "Partition is out the question. Partition would simply be a reward to Milosevic and what he has set out to do...."

Baltimore Sun 4/10/99 Kathy Lally "...In a solemn ceremony that bore the air of a religious crusade,Russia sent off its first shipment of humanitarian aid to Yugoslavia this week, with officials preaching that even a poverty-stricken, aid-receiving nation could give unto others. "Isn't there some discrepancy here?" a Russian reporter asked Sergei K. Shoigu, the head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations. "We were receiving aid, and now we are rendering aid ourselves." ..."

Reuters 4/11/99 "...Kosovo refugees are throwing away U.S.-donated humanitarian rations by the thousands and have even burned some to keep warm, complaining that the food is inedible and has made people sick. Piles of unopened packages -- each labeled ``A Food Gift from the People of the United States of America'' -- litter the grounds of makeshift camps housing many of the 150,000 ethnic Albanians who have poured across the border in recent weeks..... A Defense Department spokesman had trumpeted the meatless, 2,200-calorie meals as enough to feed one refugee for a full day and ``suitable for all faiths.'' Desperate refugees fought each other for the packages, officially known as Humanitarian Daily Rations, when they were first distributed off the backs of trucks several days ago. But some later said the meals -- which include items such as three-bean casserole, legume stew and vegetarian goulash which are foreign to their normal diet -- made their children vomit...."

AP 4/11/99 "...President Clinton on Sunday sent greetings to Orthodox Christians around the world on occasion of the Orthodox Easter.... We hope and pray for the restoration of peace and a resolution based on democracy and tolerance. "On this holiest of days, when Orthodox Christians celebrate the triumph of life over death, of hope over despair, let us recommit to seeking peace, human rights and an end to suffering for people around the world."...

Washington Post 3/30/99 Ronald Linden "... In the Rambouillet framework, Slobodan Milosevic agreed to all aspects of the agreement except the NATO peacekeeping force. In part this was based on protection of Serbian sovereignty, but in large part it was based on hostility to NATO and suspicion of Western aims. It is possible, however,that the key aims of the Rambouillet agreement could be carried out by a force, in Kosovo, made up primarily of Russian peacekeepers, or a mixed force from Russia and other countries...."

UPI Spotlight 4/11/99 Freeper kattracks "...Defense Secretary William Cohen says (Sunday) he may have to seek President Clinton's approval for a call-up of reservists to buttress the U.S. forces taking part in NATO's bombing campaign in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. With 82 more planes authorized to head to the conflict, Cohen said: "It's not in the offing just right now. But it could happen....To the extent that we need a call-up of reserves, that's certainly something that we would recommend to the president."..."

The Wanderer 4/8/99 Farley Clinton "...The Pope's advisers are studying the possibility of his making a journey to Serbia, perhaps on May 9th, the Sunday following his May 2nd beatification of the Venerable(Padre)Pio of Pietrelcina. The Pope is most concerned that neither Serbia nor Orthodoxy in the East should think he identifies himself in any way with the bombing of Serbian cities and civilians. It would seem to ruin or at least compromise one chief object that he has aimed atthroughout his pontificate if the Catholic-Orthodox rapport should end in smoke because of an irresponsible action by a man who will only continue to be President of the United States for another year and half. There is also the urgent problem of the moral licitness of bombardments from the air on civilian populations, condemned in principle by Catholic moral theologians during and since World War 11....."

USA Today and Australia Broadcasting Corporation 4/11/99 "....The United States has images satellite showing the existence of mass graves in Kosovo, close to the town of Orahovac in south-west, according to the chain of American television ABC, quoting military sources. These tombs, with the number of a hundred, were dug there is little. They are laid out in two rectilinear lines and are similar to the mass graves found after the war in Bosnia-Herzégovine, affirms ABC, which however did not show the images in question. They corroborate testimonys of refugees making state of executions of mass in this area, continues the chain...."

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel 4/11/99 Richard Foster Freeper starlu "....Over the last three weeks, as the war in Kosovo has worsened, Congress indulged itself in a spring recess, abdicating its responsibility. Congress has supinely surrendered its authority in the awesome decisions of war and peace to a president who, only a few weeks earlier, it had threatened to remove from office...."

New York Times 4/11/99 "...The interior of Kosovo Province is a wasteland of burned villages and wandering farm animals, empty of ethnic Albanians but swarming with Serbian forces, refugees allowed to cross into Albania said Saturday. They said that the Serbian forces included tank columns moving in all directions and that troops were taking up quarters in the ravaged houses. It's a desert, what we have seen," said Jakup Slamaku, 41, one of about 1,500 refugees who made a circuitous 12-hour journey though central Kosovo from their village of Vragolija, just south of Pristina. It was not clear why these villagers were moved out and allowed to go to Albania overnight Friday, three days after the forces of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic closed the border and drove an estimated 80,000 refugees waiting to cross into Albania back into Kosovo. Their fate remains unknown. ....The accounts suggested that, despite NATO airstrikes, the Serbs are still able to move and mass troops on the ground and appear to be digging in against any possible ground attack. The accounts also suggested that the Serbs have created such widespread destruction that it will be difficult for the refugees to rebuild their lives there...."

The Washington Post 4/11/99 Jeffrey Smith William Drozdiak "...After lingering beneath a Rembrandt painting in the Belgrade presidential palace, Yugoslav Gen. Momcilo Perisic quietly pulled aside NATO's two top generals, Wesley K. Clark of the United States and Klaus Naumann of Germany. Ducking into an office, he dismissed his security detail and turned up the volume on a television set to drown out any eavesdropping devices. He had something urgent to say. It was Oct. 25 of last year at the end of a long, strained day. Clark and Naumann had come to Belgrade to negotiate the terms of Yugoslav troop deployments in Kosovo. But the NATO generals had found President Slobodan Milosevic and his military high command - led by Perisic - brusque and almost carefree in their defiance of the West. Now Perisic sounded grave, worried: "He said the army was the last democratic institution in the country, and that it would be a disaster if his forces were ever destroyed in a conflict with NATO," Naumann recalled. "He gave the impression that for purely patriotic reasons, he wanted to save the army at all costs. But just weeks later, Perisic was gone - fired by Milosevic in a purge of independent-minded officers. And soon after, Milosevic's new military leaders and his security police would jointly begin laying the groundwork for a secret plan - "Operation Horseshoe" - designed to eradicate a rebel threat in Kosovo and, as it would turn out, radically change the ethnic landscape of the province, even at the cost of certain war with NATO. In retrospect, many Western analysts see Perisic's firing 41/2 months ago as a key turning point on the road to war - and an early, missed clue to Milosevic's intentions. Naumann believes that Perisic was trying to send a signal about the planned Yugoslav operation in Kosovo on that night in October. If so, it would not have been the last such signal - nor the last that NATO failed to interpret accurately..... "

AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE 4/11/99 Freeper RR "...Yugoslavia's armed forces are showing signs of cracking up under the pressure of NATO airstrikes, alliance officials said on Sunday. Chief spokesman Jamie Shea said the allies believed that Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic could be in conflict with some of senior members of his military forces. "We have some indications that the purge of the upper echelons of the Yugoslav armed forces may not have ended with the replacement of eight generals in Montenegro last week," Shea said...."

AP 4/11/99 George Jahn "...Saying it showed restraint in deference to the Orthodox Easter holiday, NATO nonetheless hammered Serb targets in Kosovo on Sunday. Western officials, meanwhile, expressed growing alarm over reports of atrocities in the province and said a possible mass grave site had been spotted. In Belgium, NATO spokesman Jamie Shea showed aerial photographs of the site in Pusto Selo, southwest of the Kosovo capital, Pristina. He said from the air it appeared the ground had been freshly turned over, and that the site looked ``somewhat similar'' to aerial shots of mass graves seen during the war in Bosnia. ``I suspect ... that we are going to find more and more evidence of mass graves, mass executions, some pretty horrific stories,'' Defense Secretary William Cohen said on ABC's ``This Week.'' Underscoring concerns about conditions inside Kosovo, Western officials say hundreds of thousands of Kosovo Albanians are believed to have fled or been driven from their homes but unable to make their way out of Kosovo....."

Fox News 4/12/99 Calvin Woodward, Associated Press "... More than two weeks after a stealth fighter-bomber crashed in Yugoslavia, U.S. and NATO officials have not acknowledged for the record that it was shot down. The success rate of the attacks is a mystery. Even President Clinton's role in approving targets is an off-limits "operational detail.'' ....But they have yet to disclose numbers of hits and misses or discuss likely percentages of success, and for reasons that go beyond the conflict at hand. Controls on war information are being tightened in response to a perception that military secrecy generally has gone lax since the Cold War..... "

New York Daily News 4/11/99 Mike Barnicle Freeper starlu "...I've been thinking about the "permissive environment" Bill Clinton is looking for in Yugoslavia so that he can finally throw some American troopers at the pathetic bullies masquerading as Milosevic's m ilitia. In an administration where language and definitions are contorted on a nearly daily basis, this new phrase sure seems perfect for a guy who pretty much told us he figures oral sex encompasses the same degree of commitment as shaking hands with a s tranger....He wants this war to be like his infidelities: quick, cheap, conducted with little long-term conviction and surrounded by plausible denial...."

LA Times 4/11/99 Doyle McManus "...The Clinton administration's top negotiator on Kosovo warned 13 months ago that airstrikes might be necessary to stop Serbian forces from continuing to massacre ethnic Albanians in the region. The White House rejected the idea as too extreme--and, within three months, the killing resumed at full force. ix months ago, the United States actually did threaten airstrikes. But the White House turned down proposals to enforce a truce with armed peacekeeping troops--and, within three months, the war was back on at full force. nd just two months ago, NATO belatedly brandished both airstrikes and peacekeepers. But it declared that it would never send ground troops into combat--and the Serbs ratcheted up the violence once more. In a recurring cycle of escalation, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic repeatedly tested NATO's resolve to stop him from using force to control Kosovo, a province of Serbia, Yugoslavia's dominant republic. Each time, NATO sent back a muddy signal: It was ready to use force, but only the minimum amount necessary...."

AP 4/12/99 George Jahn "...A new wave of NATO attacks Monday targeted fuel depots and heavy industry, and an allied hit turned a Yugoslav passenger train into a heap of burning wreckage, killing at least nine people and injuring 16. NATO said the bridge the train was crossing was the intended target. Even as the alliance expressed regret over loss of civilian life, NATO foreign ministers -- meeting for the first time since the nearly three-week-long air campaign began -- vowed to press ahead, saying the Kosovo crisis ``represents a fundamental challenge to the values of democracy, human rights and the rule of law.'' Yugoslavia's parliament, meanwhile, voted to join an alliance with Russia and Belarus -- an apparent move to try to draw Russia into the conflict, although Russia has said it will not get militarily involved. Russia favors the idea of incorporating Yugoslavia into the alliance that already includes it and Belarus, but said membership wouldn't be instantaneous..."

AP 4/12/99 Freeper Venezelos "...Saying hundreds of thousands of displaced civilians are faced with starvation, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and NATO allies today considered establishing a protectorate to shield Kosovo from Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic's forces. Such a protectorate would allow the ethnic Albanians ``to live with a high degree of self-government without the threats and terror that they have been living under,'' Albright said. About 1 million terrorized ethnic Albanian civilians have been forced from or have fled Kosovo...."

Salon magazine 4/10/99 David Horowitz "....LIKE MOST CONSERVATIVES, even those hawkish on the current NATO military action, I look at the war unfolding in Kosovo with grim foreboding. Our commander-in-chief is a liar and a cheat and it shows; and it will have consequences. Already Clinton has had to avoid speaking of Serbian rapes in his official statements because of the charges that have been leveled against him personally. More seriously, for nearly seven years Clinton has systematically gutted our military establishment and drawn down its forces. At the same time, he has surrendered decisions about the deployment of those forces to multilateral agencies like the UN and NATO. This has pushed us into conflicts whose relevance to America's national interests has not always been clear, and to military objectives that are often not matched with the political will to carry them out. This, in turn, has resulted in the spectacle of American forces lobbing bombs at hostile targets like Serbia and Iraq, inflicting just enough damage to entrench their aggressive leaders further into power, while blackening our national image in the eyes of ever-larger populations across the globe. Time and again, Clinton has attempted to assert military superiority on the political cheap, with the result that he has squandered our stockpiles and taunted our adversaries, without significantly affecting reality on the ground. After a series of mock wars against Saddam Hussein, Clinton has left the Iraqi dictator more firmly in power in his own country, still able to get on with his nuclear and chemical weapons program, but now without the annoying distraction of UN inspectors to hamper his progress. Saddam has even begun to advise Slobodan Milosevic in his spare time. The NATO air strikes in Kosovo have had a similar self-defeating impact on Milosevic and his agenda, causing the Serb nation to rally around his leadership and accelerating the expulsion of ethnic Albanians. At the same time, the flood of refugees has already begun destabilizing the next Balkan dominoes in his path. The bungling of the assault on Milosevic is not merely a case of political incompetence, but political malfeasance. Much as Clinton launched missiles into the Sudan without consulting his Joint Chiefs of Staff, so he authorized an air war in Kosovo that his military and intelligence advisers warned him could not accomplish the objectives he used to justify them. Now it is clear to everyone that only the introduction of ground troops can accomplish these objectives, but at much greater human cost than had they been introduced at the outset...." / Boston Globe Columnist 4/9/99Jeff Jacoby Freeper sunshine "....This, after all, is the president who had Monica Lewinsky service him sexually while, on the phone to a member of Congress, he discussed sending US servicemen to Bos nia. Not even Balkan slaughter and the prospect of putting American troops in harm's way could hold his undivided attention. In retrospect, it was naive to imagine that Clinton could ever have mustered the seriousness or thoughtfulness required to be an e ffective commander-in-chief...."

New York Times 4/12/99 Caspar Weinberger "...This is not to say that we should eagerly intervene in the world's conflicts. On the contrary, American forces should be used only after other means have failed. That is clearly the case in the Balkans. We negotiated too willingly with Milosevic and for too long. We should have intervened two or three years ago, when Milosevic began his reign of terror. But we should not commit our troops unless we intend to win unconditionally. Sadly, the Clinton Administration is now taking us into a war without any apparent intention to win. In fact, we have neither defined victory nor established any real goals. Some in the Administration have said winning means getting Milosevic back to the negotiating table. In my view, that would be a useless exercise. Within 24 hours, he'll violate whatever agreement is reached and break any promise he makes...... But the United States is no longer as strong militarily as it should be. In 1997, the Clinton Administration said the country could fight a war on two major fronts simultaneously -- our stated strategy for many years. We are discovering this is not the case. The Balkan conflict has drained our resources in other key areas. The European Command has had to move jet fighters and other aircraft from an air base in Turkey to bases in Italy. This means that air patrols over northern Iraq have been weakened. Our ability to defend South Korea has been put in question by transferring naval strength first off Iraq, where it was not used, and now to the Balkans....."

NYT 4/10/99 Antony Lewis "...NATO now has three irreducible war aims: the removal of all Serbian military, paramilitary and police forces from Kosovo; the return of all the ethnic Albanian refugees, and their care and protection by an international force. In Britain, as in the United States, Serbian atrocities have brought public opinion solidly behind those objectives. But the leaders of NATO are not so clear in stating them. President Clinton and NATO spokesmen, for example, keep saying that Slobodan Milosevic must accept the plan he rejected at Rambouillet, France. But that proposal called for him to keep 5,000 Serbian troops in Kosovo and control its borders -- an unthinkable outcome after the Serbian terror campaign. Could ethnic Albanian families be expected to live in confidence if at the end of the block there was a Serbian unit that had killed their husbands and fathers? Even less clear is whether we are committed to the means necessary to achieve those objectives. That is the crucial question. And a painful one, given the shameful miscalculation by the Clinton Administration when it gave the go-ahead for the air campaign against Mr. Milosevic. ..."

Reuters 4/12/99 Randall Mikkelsen "...U.S. officials Sunday met mounting congressional and public concern over NATO's strategy of using just air strikes against Yugoslavia with assurances that standby plans existed to use ground troops. Officials blanketed the U.S. television talk shows to discuss the standby plans as President Clinton prepared to defend his Kosovo policy this week against growing assertions that ground troops may be needed to drive out Yugoslavian President Slobodan Milosevic's forces. But the officials, backed by NATO commander Gen. Wesley Clark, said that Clinton had no intention of introducing ground troops and that ``for the time being'' an intensified NATO air war against Yugoslavia would be enough to prevail...."

The Washington Times 4/12/99 Freeper Gritty "...President Clinton seems to have lost his natural eloquence when it comes to explaining the U.S. intervention in Kosovo, Andrew Ferguson writes in the Weekly Standard. In fact, Mr. Clinton has offered a number of explanations of "what this is about." But his "most remarkable statement to date" came at an event last week boosting "hate crime" legislation, Mr. Ferguson said. "For he found a commonality between ethnic cleansing abroad and anti-gay and anti-black violence here at home. 'To see what is going on in the Balkans,' the president said, 'and to see these terrible examples of violence here in our own country -- it's very humbling.' "And so it is -- but not so humbling that the president hasn't been able to tease from these seemingly unrelated acts a unified field theory of human acrimony. The IRA = the PLO = the Hutus = Slobo = the crackers who did in Matthew Shepard."..."

NY Post 4/12/99 Vincent Morris "...As bombs fell across Yugoslavia yesterday, a top aide to President Slobodan Milosevic said Serbs are ready for a "political accord" as part of a peace deal. Deputy Prime Minister Vuk Draskovic said the Serbs are looking for a "political accord" for Kosovo and may agree to a "foreign presence" - presumably NATO or the United Nations - in order to make the deal work. "We want to conclude without delay a political accord on Kosovo," Draskovic told a French newspaper yesterday. "As soon as we get a political agreement ... we will accept a foreign presence which would guarantee implementation of this agreement," added Draskovic, whose statement marks the first time since NATO bombing began March 24 that a Serb leader has talked of allowing foreign troops into the country. NATO had no immediate reaction to the remarks. Western leaders also seemed ready to start deal making; French Foreign Minister Hubert Vedrine said NATO is weighing several options for a political settlement to Kosovo, while NATO Secretary-General Javier Solana predicted "positive" diplomatic movement in coming days...." 4/12/99 AP Freeper Thanatos "...Hungary and Russia struck a deal today allowing a convoy of Russian trucks to proceed to Yugoslavia, Hungary's prime minister told Parliament. Hungary stopped the convoy of 73 trucks at its border with Ukraine on Saturday, denying entry because five of the vehicles were armor-plated. The vehicles violated the 1998 U.N. arms embargo on Yugoslavia, Hungarian officials said. The Russians said the convoy was carrying humanitarian aid for embattled Yugoslavia and that the armored vehicles were deployed ``to protect personnel providing humanitarian aid.'' Moscow threatened dire consequences if the matter wasn't resolved quickly...."

Associated Press 4/12/99 Veselin Toshkov "...The smell of burned flesh lingered Monday as rescue workers used fire hoses and axes to pull charred bodies from the crumpled skeleton of an incinerated train, the aftermath of what Yugoslav authorities said was a NATO airstike. Serb officials said at least nine people aboard the passenger train were killed and 16 injured when a NATO warplane bombed it. The private news agency Beta said a 10th body was found later and that officials feared the toll would rise even higher. The allies said the train was not deliberately targeted, but acknowledged it may have been accidentally hit during an airstrike on a railway bridge...."

National Post 4/12/99 Freeper gaijin David Frum "...Kosovo is a liberal's war because it: 1.)Rejects the doctrine of national interest 2.)Is motivated by sentiment, rather than calculation 3.)Is fought by harming material rather than living people 4.)Purportedly strives to eradicate racism. Author points out that should NATO emerge successful, liberals will claim all credit. Should it fail, conservatives will be blamed with great relish...."

Letter from Tom Campbell to Dennis Hastert 4/2/99 "…I respectfully, and urgently, request that you allow to be brought to the floor of the House a resolution authorizing the House to bring a legal challenge to the President's use of force in Kosovo. The President has not abided by the conditions set forth in th March 11, 1999 concurrent resolution of Mr. Gilman (H.Con.Res. 42 as amended. The President does not have the authority to conduct military operations in this context without the prior approval of Congress. It is war, and only Congress can declare war. The federal courts, however, have refused to entertain lawsuits brought by individual Members of Congress to stop Presidentia actions in violation of the war declaration clause of the Constitution (Article I, Sec. 8) unless the Congress has adopted a resolution in favor of such legal action. Short of such a resolution, the courts have considered such lawsuits not to be "ripe" for adjudication. Sixty days from the start of the present insertion of US troops into hostilities in Kosovo, any Member of Congress is empowered by the 1973 War Powers Resolution (50 U.S.C. Sections 1541-1548) to bring a resolution of disapproval to be brought to the House floor at once. I respectfully urge you to do so, as the passage of sixty days may entail a great deal of irretrievable harm. I respectfully urge you to call the House back into session for this purpose…."

Reuters 4/12/99 "...NATO aims to play a "core" role in an international peace force in Kosovo but is ready to share the mission with the United Nations or the OSCE, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said Monday. She said "some kind of international protective status" for the ethnic Albanian majority in the Serbian province was among ideas being discussed by the NATO allies. The change of emphasis in Albright's remarks, at a news conference following a meeting of NATO foreign ministers, signaled that the alliance was adapting its policy following the failure of the Rambouillet peace talks. NATO previously insisted that a Kosovo peace implementation mission be led by alliance commanders, although it welcomed participation by Russia and other non-NATO states. But President Slobodan Milosevic has said he will not permit a NATO-led force on Yugoslav territory, and some NATO allies have suggested compromising on a U.N. flag. Albright declined to say that the allies planned to create a Kosovo protectorate, removing the province from the control of Milosevic's federal government in a move that the Rambouillet accord prohibited...... "

Stratfor 0140 GMT, 990413 "...Madeleine Albright met Monday evening in Brussels with Jakup Krasnicki, a representative of the Kosovo Liberation Army. According to information provided by Albright to reporters on a background basis, Krasnicki demanded that the U.S. either deploy ground forces into Kosovo or arm the KLA. Albright claimed to have rejected both demands promising only to deliver humanitarian aid as best as possible...."

Stratfor 4/12/99 "... Hungarian radio, on April 11, reported that ethnic Hungarians living in the Vojvodina autonomous province of Serbia are becoming increasingly wary of an influx of armed Serbian refugees fleeing NATO attacks in Kosovo and the rest of Yugoslavia. The radio report went on to say that these refugees were organizing themselves in some villages, stepping up their verbal attacks toward ethnic Hungarians, and allegedly seizing and then dividing up the Hungarian houses among themselves. Jozsef Kasza, chairman of the Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians (SVM), expressed his concern over these developments, though he attempted to downplay the situation, saying, "This danger is not so explicit at the moment as to allow an atmosphere of panic to prevail in Vojvodina." Still, reports of ethnic Hungarians being drafted into the Serbian army have further increased tension in the province, and Budapest has begun to express its concern about the plight of Yugoslavia's ethnic Hungarians...."

CNS 4/12/99 Lawrence Morahan "...More people have been killed in the southern region of Sudan by the scorched-earth, forced-starvation tactics of their Muslim government than all the victims of Kosovo, Bosnia and Rwanda combined, one of the world's leading authorities on religious persecution told the United Nations Human Rights Commission in Geneva. Paul Marshall, a senior fellow at Freedom House's Center for Religious Freedom and an award-winning author of studies of religious persecution, is urging the U.N. Human Rights Commission to summon the Khartoum regime before the U.N. Security Council to answer charges of gross civil rights abuses and possible genocide. "Sudan has demonstrated it is probably the worst human rights violator in the world," Kristina Robb of the Washington-based Freedom House, an organization that tracks religious abuses around the world, told CNS. "The Khartoum government practices the most blatant form of what we believe is religious genocide by a radical regime. It uses Islam very cynically to justify its policy of genocide against its own population in southern Sudan, which is mainly Christian and animist," Robb said. "Many people in the [Clinton] administration use the term genocide, or its definition of ethnic cleansing or systematic attempt to eliminate a population, to describe the situation in Kosovo, when there's been no effort to use the same terminology for a situation that is much, much more severe in Sudan," Robb said. "To a certain extent you have to ask if this is a case of racism, or a case of national interest playing as the most important factor in our foreign policy," Robb said. Up to 2 million people have been killed and 5 million displaced in south Sudan and the Nuba Mountains by the Sudanese Popular Defense Forces, a radical Islamic force that targets a Christian and animist population, Freedom House estimates. These forces are bombing, burning and raiding villages, enslaving women and children, kidnapping and forcibly converting young men and sending them to the front as cannon fodder, and precipitating genocide by preventing food from reaching starving villages...."

The Hindu 4/13/99 Sriprakash Loya "...Sir, The refugees fleeing Kosovo are being accepted by the European countries. The U.S. and Canada have also agreed to accept them. Even far-flung Australia, which traditionally has been averse to any such influx, has welcomed 4,000 refugees on its soil. All these first world countries have been magnanimous towards these refugees. But, recollect the fate of the recent refugees from Kurdistan, Afghanistan and Northern Algeria. Go back a few years and think of the boat people accepted by none. Also, everyone knows the fate of the refugees from Cambodia, Vietnam and then the ten million refugees on our own land in 1972 from Bangladesh. No first world country has ever discussed their fate, leave alone accept them. Should we conclude, therefore, that the colour of the refugees matters? - Sriprakash Loya, Secunderabad ..."


The Time UK 4/12/99 James Landale "...TONY BLAIR today calls for a "new internationalism" in which the world community never again tolerates the brutal repression of an ethnic group by a dictator struggling to remain in power. In an article for Newsweek magazine, the Prime Minister suggests that Nato's action in Kosovo could be a model for future international relations. Mr Blair says: "This is a conflict we are fighting not for territory but for values, for a new internationalism where the brutal repression of whole ethnic groups will no longer be tolerated, for a world where those responsible for such crimes have nowhere to hide." He adds: "We are fighting for a world where dictators are no longer able to visit horrific punishments on their own peoples in order to stay in power." Establishing the principle that outside countries can intervene in a sovereign state to halt "ethnic cleansing" would mark a radical shift in the basic norms of international relations and Mr Blair's remarks will provoke unease among many countries...."

CNN Transcripts 4/10/99 Sam Nunn (D) Former US Senator "... NELSON: Let's take a look at the public relations war for a minute. Has Mr. Milosevic won that one? NUNN: Oh no, I don't think so. I think he's antagonized his neighbors; I think he's alienated everybody around him; I think he's lost world opinion. He's got some countries rallying behind him, because some countries resent any invasion of sovereignty. Of course, the Russians and some other countries that are Orthodox and Slavic are more favorable toward him. But, no, I don't think he's won any kind of population... NELSON: Next question, probably the last one we'll be able to get in: Are we in -- is NATO in danger of losing Russia? NUNN: I think that's a big, big danger here, and that's when you have to distinguish between vital interests and important or humanitarian interests. Russia's emergence as a part of the community of nations, avoiding the proliferation of mass -- of weapons of mass destruction out of Russia today as their economy crumbles is a vital interest to the United States. We are alienating Russia. They feel isolated; they feel humiliated; they feel not listened to. Now, we can't give them a veto, nor should we, but we should have had them in the loop, at least communicated with them on a regular basis and gotten their views, listened to them every now and then. We still should do that. And as we accelerate bombing, we need to accelerate diplomacy, and we need to involve the Russians. They've got an election coming up at the end of this year. They've got an election next year for the president, parliamentary this year. If those elections end up being affected adversely here, we could have a Russia that really is difficult to deal with in the future...."

BBC 4/13/99 "...US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov have said some progress has been made on finding a settlement to the Kosovo crisis. The pair met in an attempt to reconcile differences between the two countries over Nato's bombing of Yugoslavia. Russia is a traditional ally of the Serbs, and President Boris Yeltsin has warned that Nato's actions could lead to a world war. After a longer than expected meeting in Oslo, Mr Ivanov said: "We agreed to continue our diplomatic efforts to get a political settlement" to the Kosovo crisis. Mrs Albright said they had reached an "agreement on many of the basic principles" for an end to the crisis in Kosovo, but not on an international force for the Yugoslav province. As the meeting was being held in Oslo, the Albanian Government said there had been a Yugoslav incursion into northern Albania. Ministers confirmed that Serbian forces had crossed into the remote Tropoje district of northern Albania and that heavy shelling could be heard...."

The Daily Republican 4/13/99 Frederic L. Kirgis "...The question arises whether international law permits the use of armed force against Yugoslavia under these circumstances. Kosovo is a province of Yugoslavia, not an independent state. Even though about 90 percent of its population is ethnic Albanian, the international community has not supported a right of secession for Kosovo. Since Kosovo remains a part of Yugoslavia in fact and in law, the current military action raises questions of external intervention in civil strife. In this case, though, the civil strife is likely to endanger peace and security in neighboring states and has already created large refugee flows into those states. Until the advent of the United Nations, international law had little to say about what a government did regarding its own citizens in its own territory. In the U.N. era, it has become well established that governments do not have a free rein to mistreat their own citizens, and a wide range of international human rights standards has been established to prevent or rectify such mistreatment. The right of self-determination is one of the currently-recognized human rights, but it has not normally been regarded as a right of an ethnic or other minority to secede....."

Rush Limbaugh Radio Show 4/13/99 Freeper bigk reports "...Rush is saying that the Kosovo War is being funded by our Social Security fund. There is no surplus...." Adds Steven W. "the point is that there was no real surplus - since social security is still on budget. That was supposed to be HR 1 this year under Livingston - before Hastert took over - to take SS off budget...."

Reuters 4/13/99 Freeper HAL9000 "...Several people have starved to death and disease is spreading among ethnic Albanians displaced in Kosovo by Serbian forces, according to reports reaching international monitors outside Yugoslavia. The sources said that while NATO air strikes were progressively destroying or immobilising Serbian tank and artillery units, taking pressure off Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) guerrillas, the plight of ethnic Albanian refugees trapped in combat zones appeared to be worsening...."

Mary Mostert 4/1/99 Original Sources "...Only Two days ago, on March 30th, I wrote "Somehow I've had a feeling for a couple of days that I was watching one of those military situations where one side had prepared defenses for the last war fought and the other side was fighting a new kind of war that had never been fought before - and would win a stunning victory." The only problem I had was trying to figure out which combatant was which. Was the victor going to be NATO with its stealth bombers and sophisticated bombs that could destroy cities from afar? How could Yugoslavia, a poor country the size of the State of Kentucky, win? It is being attacked by the best military hardware of 19 nations - led by the United States of America. Yet, NATO certainly seems to be losing so far. "Milosevic simply did not DO what he was ordered to do by Bill Clinton. He didn't sign a paper agreeing to allow foreign troops into Kosovo, an agreement which was clearly written from the Albanian perspective. At the end of three years a vote would be held to decide whether Kosovo, which is about 10% of Yugoslavia, would be allowed to secede from the Yugoslavia. "The threat to the cradle of the Orthodox Eastern Church of the Serbs instantly unified the Serbs throughout the world behind a man that many of them actually don't like. Milosevic would not sign and Clinton ordered missiles and bombs to force him to change his mind. Obviously, no exit strategy was planned in the event Milosovic refused to sign. Clinton arrogantly announced he WOULD sign or his country would be destroyed...... "As the super-tech bombs dropped on Belgrade and Pristine, Milosevic's army began the Serb defense - not by mounting an all out attack on the missiles and bombs, which they undoubtedly could not stop, but by addressing the root of the problem at hand - the rebel Albanians who had moved into the area in the last 40 years. In 1961, Kosovo's population was 963,565, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, of which about 642,000 were mostly Muslim Albanians, and 321,565 were Serbs . When the conflict began last year the population of Kosovo was about 2 million, and almost 1,800,000 were Albanians, and 200,000 were Serbs. Somehow the about 121, 565 Serbs who are being accused of "abhorrent and criminal action on a maximum scale" and "genocide" by Madeline Albright's assistant, James Rubin disappeared in the last 40 years whereas the persecuted minority to almost tripled to 1,800,000. I thought genocide was supposed to reduce a group's population, not increase it." ...I said two days ago: "It should be obvious to everyone by now that the Clinton spin machine is trying to convince the American people, and hopefully the world, that he is a great humanitarian world leader who ordered the bombing of the Serbs to save the down-trodden Albanians from disaster." ...."Why were we not concerned when 300,000 Serbs were driven out of Croatia a couple of years ago? And, when did the Administration begin to consider the KLA a "Liberators" rather than "terrorists?" ..."

Reuters 4/13/99 Freeper R2 "...Serb forces withdrew from Albanian territory Tuesday after surrounding the northern village of Kamenica and exchanging heavy fire with Albanian border guards for several hours, Albanian television said.``Serb troops entered 500-600 meters (yards) inside Albania. Albanian police, supported by police from the neighboring border post of Padesh, fought with them for many hours, obliging them to withdraw,'' state television said...."

Toronto Sun 4/13/99 Peter Worthington "...An "immoral war" is not only one waged for a bad reason, but one that is deliberately prolonged and not won quickly. If you're not prepared to win it quickly - don't fight it. The reason for this "war," although we don't like calling it that, is one man: Slobodan Milosevic. Eliminate Slobo, and there's no cause for war. The bottom line is that the most formidable military alliance in history (NATO), coerced by the most powerful nation in history (the United States), has rained bombs and missiles on one of the world's historic cities, Belgrade; has destroyed the infrastructure of a country; has incited vengeful retaliation that has increased atrocities; has contributed to nearly a million refugees; has killed God knows how many innocents; and has achieved little except unifying a hitherto divided nation around the unpleasant despot of a threadbare country of 10 million. Makes one proud of NATO and our leaders, eh? To justify what's being done, the public has been misled, manipulated, deceived in a way that's mindful of the one-time Evil Empire. It is shameful, sad, so needless. And all the "allies" are guilty - Britain, NATO, the White House, the Pentagon, Ottawa....."

CATO Institute 4/13/99 Doug Bandow "...The result was a disastrous miscalculation: Washington has simultaneously magnified violence against ethnic Albanians and destabilized neighboring states. Yet administration officials have astonishingly responded that they did indeed foresee the risks of their strategy. If true, they were criminally negligent in failing to prepare for the horrors they unleashed. In any case, the administration obviously intends to keep on reinforcing failure. More intense bombing will weaken the Yugoslav military, but will not prevent operations against the Kosovo Liberation Army. Destroying buildings and even tanks is not likely to drive Serbian troops out of Kosovo. Expanding the number of targets may ruin what is left of Yugoslavia's economy, but is not likely to break the Serbians' will. Moreover, the broader the assault, the more civilian casualties. And the more damage done the Yugoslav military and economy, the more unstable the regional balance of power. Although Washington has treated Croatians and Muslims as allies, both have committed their own atrocities and expressed their own expansionist territorial ambitions. Indeed, until now the single largest case of Balkans ethnic cleansing was Croatia's 1995 expulsion of as many as 175,000 ethnic Serbs from the Krajina region. Even more worrisome is the prospect of Albanian nationalists turning their attention to Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and even conceivably Greece. Washington's pleasure at wrecking Yugoslavian power might be short-lived. Thus, continued bombing will kill for no purpose, reducing Yugoslavia to rubble without getting the Albanian refugees home. It will make any kind of compromise settlement less possible and increase the likelihood of war among neighboring countries. Unfortunately, to many, the preferred alternative to muddling through is massive escalation: a ground invasion. Some would merely seize Kosovo. Others would conquer all of Yugoslavia. The mind boggles. Of course, NATO would win. But victory would come at a high price. The Yugoslavian military is tough and Serbs would fight for their homeland. In World War II, they made Germany pay a high price for what at first seemed to be an easy conquest. The U.S. has nothing at stake to warrant paying a similar price. A ground war against a sovereign state which has done nothing against America--why? It is not Serbia but NATO which has caused the conflict to spill over Kosovo's borders. Overrunning Kosovo and Serbia would create a fragile protectorate and a resentful prisoner, requiring military protection and subjegation, respectively, for years to come...."

Associated Press 4/13/99 Robert Burns Freeper Brian Mosely "...Bringing the Kosovo conflict closer to home, U.S. military reservists are likely to be ordered to active duty as part of a major new buildup of American air power in the Balkans, officials said Tuesday...."

The Times Of India 4/14/99 Freeper lyonesse "...Monday's meeting of NATO foreign ministers in Brussels expectedly decided to continue bombing Yugoslavia till President Milosevic capitulates unconditionally to NATO. Meanwhile, the Yugoslav Parliament has voted unanimously to join the union of Russia and Belarus. Russia has moved the International Court of Justice on the legality of NATO's bombing action against Yugoslavia..."

USA Today 4/13/99 Freeper Cincinatus "...Defense Secretary William Cohen and other U.S. officials in recent days hinted at the likelihood of a partial mobilization of the National Guard and Reserve, and that was before Army Gen. Wesley Clark, the top NATO commander, submitted his request Monday for a more than 50% increase in U.S. warplanes. Many of the additional planes, such as aerial refuelers, are the type flown by reservists. Pentagon officials speaking on condition of anonymity said Cohen was expected to approve most or all of Clark's request...."

USGAO 10/98 Report No NSIAD 99-7 Freeper XGMan "...How many generals have estimated that an overwhelming force of 300,000 to 400,000 ground troops would be necessary for an invasion of Kosovo, while others claim 200,000 could do the job? As most Americans believe, there really are more than a million uniformed "persons" presently in the U.S. Armed Forces. So sending 200,000 --or even 500,000-- to the Balkans seems no problem from a numerical position. But according to data contained in a recent GAO report (NSIAS-99-7), no such scenario could ever take place. While the GAO confirms there are 1.4 million armed forces positions, the investigators also reveal that more than 90% of them occupy non-ground combat occupations... In other words, instead of having a million-man force of combat-ready soldiers and marines, the real number of total U.S. troops is half the lowest estimate of forces required for Kosovo. Here are the facts as reported by the GAO: ...Direct US Combat Ground Troops Total ................ 101,733 The report also indicates there are 89,755 positions that are considered "Collocation" with ground troops--including combat engineering, field artillery, and air defense artillery...If a major U.S. led invasion of Yugoslovia does happen, it will either require a call-up of the Reserves, or a reinstatement of the draft, or both. Footnote: When the Chinese say they have a million-man army, they mean a million-man COMBAT FORCE. ..."

The White House 4/13/99 The White House Bill Clinton "... Pursuant to the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, including section 112 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 112), I designate, for the purposes of that section, the following locations, including the airspace above such locations, as an area in which Armed Forces of the United States are and have been engaged in combat: - The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia/Montenegro); - Albania; - the Adriatic Sea; - the Ionian Sea north of the 39th parallel. For the purposes of this order, I designate March 24, 1999, as the date of the commencement of combatant activities in such zone..."

AP 4/13/99 Tom Cohen Freeper TheOtherOne Igniting fears of a widening conflict, Serb forces pushed into northern Albania on Tuesday, fought an hour-long skirmish with Albanian troops, seized a border hamlet and torched homes before withdrawing, Albanian officials and international observers said. With Albania a major staging ground for NATO forces, even Tuesday's incident -- short-lived, small-scale, with no reported casualties -- brought a warning from Washington that Yugoslavia would make a grave mistake in expanding the fighting. In Belgrade, Yugoslav officials denied any incursion into Albania. The chief of the army information service, Col. Milivoje Novkovic, said on state television that Yugoslavia's defense of its own borders was ``being fabricated as an alleged invasion.'' Albania, in turn, said the Serb push into its territory would carry consequences. Sokol Gjoka, an Albanian Foreign Ministry official, said his country would take necessary steps to defend itself, ..." 0030GMT990414 "...Pentagon spokesman Kenneth Bacon stated today that there will most "likely be a reserve call-up" as NATO operations expand in the region. General Wesley Clark, the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, requested on April 13th 300 additional aircraft, including ground attack planes, planes designed to conduct SEAD (Suppression of Enemy Air Defense) operations, and tankers for refueling operations. The U.S. active duty military is being stretched thin and Bacon noted that some of the call-up would probably include pilots to fly some of the refueling planes, along with reservists from some specialities that only exist in the reserve components, like civil affairs..."

Defense Week 4/12/99 martin Sieff "...EXCERPTS "It was not meant to be this way. ...the Clinton administration finds itself caught up in the most dangerous and unpredictable foreign policy crisis. U.S. aircraft are bombing Belgrade; the s trategic relationship with Russia is in ruins; and administration officials have been forced to admit they may have to put large forces of NATO ground troops into Kosovo. Hundreds of thousands of refugees have fled Kosovo into neighboring countries, creat ing destabilizing conditions there. And there is no end in sight. Facing this unexpected succession of disasters, "White House policy has been an exercise in improvisation," said analyst Ariel Cohen of the Heritage Foundation. "The administration has stumbled into an impromptu war instead of exercising any strategic del iberation." ..."

Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel 4/11/99 Richard Foster Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "For nearly three weeks now, the United States and its NATO allies have been involved in the largest bombing mission in Europe since World War II. Yet the air strikes have not prevented -- they may, in fact, have accelerated -- the ethnic cleansing of Kosovo, so that the use of ground forces, perhaps large numbers of them, may be required. Thus, the war may become even bloodier and longer. ....Ordinarily, U.S. involvement in a war such as this would generate lively and even ferocious debate in Congress. The run-up to Operation Desert Storm, the military action that expelled Saddam Hussein's forces from Kuwait in 1991, witnessed major congressional hearings on the Persian Gulf. Even the use of small numbers of U.S. troops in Panama and Haiti raised eyebrows and generated angry rhetoric in Congress. But in the face of the historic and worsening debacle in Somalia, one so bloody, dangerous and intractable that U.S. troops may be called on to end it, Congress has been almost completely silent. "..."

Aleksandar Ciric, IWPR Correspondent Belgrade 4/15/99 "...The initial effect of the NATO bombing was relief. Since the first threats of airstrikes last October, the Yugoslav population has been under extreme psychological pressure. On the night of 24-25 March, when the bombing began, the situation finally became clear: the country was under attack and the enemy was identified. In short, NATO has done an incalculable favour to Slobodan Milosevic, who, whether we like it or not, is president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. At the same time, the NATO attack has - probably in the long term - shaken to the foundations, if not destroyed, both the civic opposition in Serbia and Yugoslavia, that has been built with much effort over the years, and the room for manoeuvre for independent media and their associations. Paradoxically, those Serbs who follow world news with the help of relatives abroad, the Internet and satellite dishes are much better informed than ever before. But alongside the programming of the state Radio-Television Serbia, the news from CNN, SKY, BBC and other European networks looks like poorly disguised propaganda. Viewers in Yugoslavia react with a shrug of the shoulders, or even outright laughter. When, on the night of 3-4 April, a heating plant in New Belgrade was hit, the question on the streets was: "How will [NATO Gen.] Wesley Clark explain this 'military' target?" Attitudes hardened noticeably when on 12 April a NATO war plane destroyed a passenger train killing 11 and wounding 20 civilians.....These are not gatherings in support of Milosevic. As Vlade Divac, a Yugoslav player in the NBA, explained to CNN's Larry King, "It is not about our president, it is about all of us." Nor are these the gatherings of Serbs who are uninformed about what is happening in Kosovo, since the citizens of Serbia believe they know very well know about the plight of refugees. .... But the dominant feeling is not fear but anger, and defiance. Before the outbreak of fighting in Kosovo in February 1998, the Yugoslav army had been reduced by the regime to being little more than a police service. Now, however, it is an unchallenged leader and hero defending the country...."

The Washington Post 4/14/99 Charles Hutzler "...In the Chinese media, President Clinton is a Hitler-like figure leading a ruthless NATO. Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is a hero. Kosovar refugees are the victims of NATO bombing, not Serb-driven ethnic purges. Chinese leaders have loosed the state-run media to build support for their opposition to the NATO air attack on Yugoslavia. The result has been a demonization of the West rarely seen in Chinese propaganda in recent years. The emotional pitch has surprised even the communist leadership that unleashed it -- and could backfire. .... Chinese leaders hope the slanted coverage will unify Chinese public opinion against the bombing campaign, according to the source. Chinese leaders fear the NATO airstrikes could set a precedent for attacking a sovereign state without U.N. approval. China has simmering ethnic rebellions of its own, in Tibet and the Muslim northwest, and also hopes to coax a reluctant Taiwan into reuniting with the mainland. So far, the propaganda campaign appears to be working. Hundreds of Chinese have written to the Yugoslav Embassy offering money or volunteering service. Polls published in newspapers show more than 70 percent of Chinese oppose the NATO airstrikes. ``They are attacking a sovereign country, and that's not right,'' a retired factory worker, surnamed Li, said as he strolled past a sign advertising movies about Yugoslavia's resistance to the Nazis in World War II. ``Our views are the same as our government's.'' ..."

The Independent 4/15/99 Robert Fisk in Tevzicki Most Freeper Brian Mosely "...This is a horror story. There are no other words for it. It is the story of a series of massacres along a road lined with torched houses and cherry blossom, of smouldering skeletons and women cut in half, of a man's head lying in a field with the wind blowing his brown hair against the grass, and of corpses lying in a squalid hospital nearby..."

the independent Richard Lloyd Parry 4/16/99 "...The Macedonian government angrily denounced Western nations yesterday for breaking their promises to give sanctuary to Kosovo refugees, and warned that the country's fragile economy was heading for collapse under the burden of the Balkans crisis. "We can accept refugees at the borders and transport them to other countries or to the airport," the Macedonian interior minister, Pavle Trajnov, said in an interview with The Independent. "Why the foreign countries don't accept that, I do not know. They declare that they want to help the refugees, but is it enough just to come to the camps, take photos with the refugees, and then tell the whole world, 'See, we've done so much for the refugees'?"..."

AP Wire 4/15/99 John Diamond "...U.S. officials said Thursday that Yugoslavia has stockpiled chemical agents that are ready for use as weapons. President Clinton promised a ``swift and overwhelming'' response to any chemical attack. Yugoslavia, however, has made no threats to use deadly chemical weapons and Pentagon officials said they have no intelligence indicating that Belgrade has any such plans...." 4/13/99 Interfax "...Russia and the United States are certain that "it will be necessary" to work out "an acceptable form of international presence [in Kosovo] to ensure conditions for a political settlement," Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said regarding his talks with U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. "This issue will be addressed in the future, it will have to be worked on," Ivanov said at a press conference in Oslo. "Any form of international presence requires the consent of the Yugoslav authorities," he stressed. His talks with Albright were "very useful," Ivanov said. However, Russia and the United States continue to differ in their approaches to the Yugoslav settlement, he said. Ivanov said Albright and he agreed to continue their dialogue to bridge the differences...."

Newsday 4/14/99 Robert M Hayden Freeper starlu "...This solution will not be the plan that Secretary of State Madeleine Albright tried to force on the Serbs during a charade of negotiations. More a public relations fraud than a diplomatic compromis e, the document produced through those negotiations only pretended to preserve Serbian sovereignty over Kosovo, giving de facto independence to the ethnic Albanians. Rather than making the Serbs an offer they could not refuse, Albright offered one they c ould not accept...."

AP 4/14/99 Laura Myers Freeper TheOtherOne "...Refugees fleeing Kosovo are reporting to relief workers that Yugoslav helicopters and airplanes have been attacking refugee convoys in the Serbian province, a Pent agon official said today. The Pentagon said it had ``no direct evidence'' that an attack on a convoy today, in which 64 civilians were killed, was committed by the Yugoslavs, although NATO has known for some time that Yugoslav warplanes have been attacking Kosovo Libera tion Army forces. The Serbs claimed that the convoy was hit by NATO bombs, but Pentagon spokesman Kenneth Bacon said NATO planes hit only military targets. ``We did hit military vehicles in a convoy,'' he said. ``We are quite sure we hit only military vehicles. We will obviously review what happened.'' Bacon said officials had heard for the first time today, through relief organizations in the area, that refugees entering Albania were saying Yugoslav planes had attacked civilian convoys...."

Daily Telegraph 4/16/99 Hugo Gurdon "...THE air war against Slobodan Milosevic will go on for several months at least, President Clinton said yesterday, warning that there is a "very real and high" prospect of American casualties. In grim testimony to Congress, members of his national security team tried to prepare the country for a long and bloody battle, saying it could last into the summer, and hinting yet again that it might eventually involve a massive land war. William Cohen, Defence Secretary said: "This is not going to be quick or easy or neat."..."

New York Times 4/16/99 Steven Lee Myers "...The Pentagon plans to ask President Clinton to call up as many as 33,000 reservists and National Guard members to bolster the attack against Yugoslavia, significantly widening the American contribution to NATO's war in the Balkans, senior military and Administration officials said Thursday.

Because of the size of the call-up, its impact is likely to ripple across the country, affecting families, interrupting college educations and putting strains on employers. Since a majority of those activated will be pilots or aircraft crew members, the impact may be felt most in the aviation industry, which employs thousands of reservists and Guard members, the officials said. ..."

Washington Times Bill Gertz 4/16/99 Freeper cyberaxe "...U.S. intelligence agencies warned NATO military commanders last week that Yugoslavia could resort to nuclear-laced weapons in the Balkans conflict, The Washington Times has learned. Nuclear material for a radiological weapon -- also known as a "dirty nuke" -- is being stored at the Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, located about six miles southeast of the Yugoslav capital of Belgrade, according to officials familiar with a Pentagon intelligence report. A "dirty nuke" does not result in a large explosion but could kill by spreading radioactive material with conventional explosives in lethal doses, the officials said. NATO bombing planners have taken steps to make sure the facility is not bombed, the officials said...."

Washingon Post 4/18/99Alex Todorovich Freeper Lonnie "...BELGRADE: For many of the Serbs I've met and talked to over the past three weeks, this conflict is about anything but refugees. The idea that 19 countries would go to war for the sake of Albanian refugees strikes people here as absurd. Taking their cue from state-run television, the vast majority of Belgraders seem to believe that the refugee crisis was caused by a combination of NATO bombing and the Yugoslav army trying to ferret out terrorists. Contributing to Serbian incredulity is the fact that nobody blinked when 300,000 Serbs were driven out of the Krajina region of Croatia three years ago..."

4/16/99 AP Freeper Thanatos Parliament urged Boris Yeltsin on Friday to include Yugoslavia in a Slavic union with Russia and Belarus, despite warnings the move could push Russia into a conflict with the United States. The State Duma, the lower house of parliament, voted 293-54 in favor of a resolution asking the Russian president to immediately take steps to bring Yugoslavia into the alliance, which some see as an attempt to revive the Soviet Union...."

4/16/99 AP Freeper Thanatos "...President Clinton is prepared to ask Congress for $5.9 billion in emergency spending to cover the cost of U.S. participation in NATO airstrikes against Yugoslavia and related humanitarian relief, administration officials said Friday. The package will be submitted formally to Congress early next week, said a senior administration official. The plan ``is adequate to fully replace the resources that have been used,'' the official said, speaking on condition of anonymity...."

Washington Post 4/16/99 Charles Krauthammer Freeper Mert "...Kosovo reveals how deeply unsuited a lumbering and clumsy NATO is to its new extraterritorial task. The idea of this bureaucratic behemoth -- a 19-member alliance that operates exclusively by consensus, which means that all 19 have to sign off on everything -- trying to be nimble and flexible in managing such brush fires as Kosovo is simply crazy. The result is the Kosovo campaign, already famous for its ineptness: its absurd recapitulation of Vietnam escalation strategy, its confusion of aims, its timidity of means, its slowness to respond to unexpected contingencies...."

STRATFOR's Global Intelligence Update 4/16/99 "...2045 GMT, 990416 - Both Serbian and Kosovar Albanian sources have alleged that NATO missiles are hitting empty buildings. The most notable account of NATO planes attacking empty targets is the NATO attack on the Yugoslav and Serbian Interior Ministries' headquarters in Belgrade. These headquarters reported no casualties, having apparently been evacuated prior to the NATO strike. Serbian forces in Kosovo are reported to widely use civilian houses and other sensitive sites for barracks and command posts, in order to avoid NATO bombs. Recent bomb camera footage shown by the U.S. Department of Defense seems to confirm allegations that NATO continues to bomb empty targets...."

Reagan Information Interchange 4/14/99 David Hackworth "... Also relevant many of these baby boomer hawks like Bill Clinton, his Secretary of Defense Bill Cohen and National Security Adviser Sandy Berger manipulated the system to avoid the mean streets of combat when they themselves were of dying age. Maybe if they'd answered their country's call then and seen their best friend's legs blown off and watched him slowly bleed to death - or been with a rifle platoon caught in an ambush on foreign turf, unable to see the enemy, trying and failing to lure him out of the shadows; or heard the cry of "medic" from 19-year-olds who had wounds more horrible than if they'd been worked over by a chain saw; or had friendly aircraft bomb or strafe them and not been able to shut it off because their 21-year-old leader and his 18-year-old radio operator had already had their lives snuffed out - maybe their attitude about sending grunts to Serbia would be a lot less enthusiastic...Sadly, the public's buying the rush to war propaganda. Recent polls say 70 percent of the public wants to send ground troops. Seventy percent is probably close to the number of Americans who've never served in our armed forces.... Ironically, when I went to Korea in 1950 and Vietnam in 1965, the opinion polls were in the 70's too. But when the body bags started coming home, the polls sank like the Titanic and the public started demanding "What are we doing there?" Which rapidly changed to, "Let's get out now." I was recently on a radio show in Columbus, Ga., the home of the U.S. Army Infantry. Columbus knows about war like few other U.S. cities. They've been producing our nation's front-line fighting men since early in this century -- and burying them too. Many serving grunts live there and real warriors have retired there. The radio show had just conducted a poll of the local folks. Eighty percent were opposed to a ground commitment in Serbia -- which is 180 degrees out of synch with the national polls. Unlike the Alters, those polled in Columbus know the horror of war. They know this one won't be another CNN special like Desert Storm, where green missiles zip through the sky and genial generals joke as they talk about chopping off snake heads. They know the horror of war because they've been there. It's tragic that they along with veterans all over America aren't on the tube debating the experts and telling the people like it really is...."

The Times Of India 4/17/99 "...The question is of basic rationality in NATO decision-making. President Slobodan Milosevic has been indicted by the US as a war criminal along with many of his lieutenants. Therefore, yielding to NATO's demands would mean not only surrendering the sacred soil of Kosovo to NATO military occupation but also the personal ignominy of a `war crimes' trial. Which leader would rationally choose such an option? Mr Milosevic would prefer to go down fighting, even if this means NATO bombs kill thousands of Serb and Kosovar civilians. Having gambled on the assumption that a few bombs would lead to Mr Milosevic's surrender -- there was even pre-war propaganda that such bombing would actually give Mr Milosevic a handy pretext for accepting NATO's terms -- the US and its allies propose to inflict more casualties in the name of human rights. This was the way in which Washington decided to use more explosives on the people of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia than had been manufactured up to that point of time in history. President Clinton's present decision-making logic is as flawed and immoral as that of Lyndon B Johnson...."

STRATFOR's Global Intelligence Update 1830 GMT, 990416 "...On April 12, the U.S. Navy listed the aircraft carrier U.S.S. John C. Stennis, CVN 74, as underway. The site did not list the carriers destination. Prior to this announcement, the U.S. S. Stennis had been undergoing a minor refit scheduled to until January 2000. The U.S. navy did not state the reasons for the Stennis' early departure, however, the most likely explanation for its early departure could be to fill the "carrier gap" in the Pacific Ocean that has been crated by Operation Allied Force. As Allied Force began to increasing in tempo, the U.S.S. Roosevelt was diverted from its assignment in the Persian Gulf to support operations in the Adriatic. That change of plans required the U.S.S. Kitty Hawk, which was in the Pacific Ocean, to cover operations in the Persian Gulf. The only other carrier in the Pacific theater at the moment is the U.S.S. Carl Vinson, which is heading back to Bremerton, Washington after an extended tour to the Persian Gulf...."

Reuters 4/18/99 Freeper HAL9000 "... NATO pounded Yugoslavia's industrial and transport infrastructure on the 25th night of its bombing campaign, with smoke from burning chemical plants threatening to engulf Belgrade, Serb media said. Industrial targets included refineries and chemical plants in Belgrade and Novi Sad, the site of a military airport near the capital and the main motorway from Belgrade to the Montenegrin capital Podgorica, they said. Fires burning at industrial sites near Belgrade were threatening serious air pollution to the capital, an official said...."

BBC 4/18/99 Freeper tellw "...Aid agencies in northern Albania are reporting the first cases of malnutrition among children crossing from Kosovo. With more refugees fleeing Kosovo, the United Nations says it fears there will soon be no ethnic Ablanians left in the province..."

New York Times 4/18/99 Elaine Sciolino Ethan Bronner "...On Jan. 19, President Clinton's top aides met in the Situation Room in the White House basement to hear a fateful new plan for an autonomous Kosovo from Madeleine K. Albright, the Secretary of State. NATO, she urged, should use the threat of air strikes on Yugoslavia to force a peace agreement to be monitored by the alliance's ground troops. The President, who had other matters on his mind, was not there. His lawyers were starting their arguments on the Senate floor against his removal from office. That night he was to deliver his State of the Union address. Nearly 5,000 miles away, in Belgrade, Gen. Wesley K. Clark, the NATO commander, and Gen. Klaus Naumann, chairman of the NATO military council, were sitting with President Slobodan Milosevic of Yugoslavia. They came brandishing a plastic portfolio of color photographs documenting a massacre of Albanians three days earlier by Serbian security forces in the Kosovo town of Racak. They also came with threats of NATO air strikes..... It is unclear whether the President's decisions on Kosovo would have been any different if he had not been distracted by his own political and legal problems. But it is clear that his troubles gave him less maneuvering room to make his decisions. Diplomacy that came to rely heavily on military threats reduced the wiggle room even further..... The eruption of violence in Kosovo in early 1998 could not have come at a more inopportune moment for the Clinton Administration. The President and his aides were consumed by the Lewinsky affair. The Clinton foreign policy team was focused on Presidential visits to China and Africa and on Russia's economic implosion. Legislative electoral politics, especially with an incendiary sex scandal enveloping the White House, was never far from the President's concerns. And Kosovo did not register in any public opinion polls. One of the President's political advisers said in an interview: "I hardly remember Kosovo in political discussions. It was all impeachment, impeachment, impeachment. There was nothing else." ....."

4/17/99 Reuters Freeer Thanatos "...Yugoslavia rejected a week-old United Nations peace initiative supported by the European Union but Secretary-General Kofi Annan said he was not surprised at the news. ``Nothing but NATO bombs threatens peace in Kosovo,'' Yugoslav Foreign Minister Zivadin Jovanovic said in a letter to Annan that arrived Friday. He complained that, despite repeated appeals for urgent action by the Security Council, nothing had been done ``to condemn and halt this brutal aggression against my country.'' ..."

Baltimore Sun 4/18/99 William Ferroggiaro Freeper starly "...NATO's Balkan campaign raises a troubling question: Where was the West when nearly a million Rwandans were being slaughtered? In April 1994, a genocide several times more swift than the Nazis' slaughter of the Jews swept through the African nation of Rwanda, claiming nearly 1 million victims -- and the United States and the rest of the world turned a blind eye...It appears the United States cares about ethnic cleansing only when it happens in Europe. How many of us know, for example, that more than 6,000 people were killed in Sierra Leone in January alone -- more than three times the number of deaths in Kosovo during the year before the NATO bombing...."

Insight 5/10/99 Sean Paige "...In Yugoslavia the United States may not just be stepping into its greatest foreign-policy debacle since Vietnam. With little public discussion or consensus, and driven by humanitarian imperatives rather than strategic ones, it may have pinned on the badge of sheriff to the world, handcuffing itself to the lonely role of "globocop."....The blacks and whites of the Cold War having given way to shades of gray, and a doctrine of Communist containment given way to no doctrine at all, Clinton-administration policymakers seem unsure of how to define the United States' new role in the world. The demise of the Soviets, economic globalization and the so-called "CNN effect" -- cabling into American homes whatever compelling images of humanitarian crisis the media see fit to cover, inviting Somalia-like misadventures -- have upended the paradigm that guided and misguided U.S. foreign policy since World War II. Consensus is lacking on what a lonely superpower is to do....."The problem with a national-interest approach vs. a human-rights approach to foreign policy is that they're apples and oranges," says Brent Scowcroft, former national-security adviser to President Bush. "With a national-security approach, you have set priorities; but how can you do it with human rights? How do you choose sides? Is one group of people being killed better than another group of people being killed?" .... "The most powerful political movement in the world today is nationalism, and yet we have no coherent policy on nationalism," says Arnold Beichman, a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. If we're going to involve ourselves in independence movements, asks Beichman, "what are we going to do about Laplanders unhappy in Finland, the Basques who are unhappy in Spain? At some point it becomes absurd"..."

Atlanta Journal- Constitution 4/18/99 Jim Wooten Freeper starlu "...This president is very deep into a mess. When and how will he get out of it? Lord only knows. Standing outside the hotel where President Clinton addressed the American Society of Newspaper Editors -- intending to explain and lay philosophical groundwork for deeper involvement in Kosovo -- some 500 protesters marched and shouted "No war, no bombs, no new Vietnam." Chill bumps pop up. This could very well be Clinton's repeat of LBJ's legacy, another war that is vaguely defined, escalating and indefinite....Clinton, a war protestor, is now their target. And Clinton, a prevaricator under oath, responds to a question concerning his moral authority to dispatch Air Force pilots to war as follows: "I am their commander in chief and they swore an oath to the Constitution..." And so they did...."

The London Times 4/17/99 Ben Macintyre Freeper Sakida "...THE United States is preparing to summon as many as 33,000 reservists and National Guard members for active duty in Kosovo in the largest call-up since the Gulf War, as Congress braces itself for an emergency military operation Bill likely to double initial estimates for covering the costs of the conflict. The extra troops will be made up principally of tanker pilots, maintenance and other air force personnel to man the increased deployment of US aircraft. With a far larger call-up than originally expected, the war in Kosovo will be brought home to ordinary American families with renewed force as thousands of civilians are called to arms.....Mr Clinton can authorise the Defence Department to choose troops from a "Presidential Selected Reserve Call-up" numbering around 200,000 reserve and National Guard troops...."

Reuters 4/17/99 "...officials held secret talks with the Kosovo Liberation Army earlier this month about providing it with European-made anti-tank weapons and other support, U.S. News & World Report reported on Saturday. The magazine, in its edition due on newsstands on Monday, gave no indication what the outcome of the talks was and did not name its sources for the information. Defence Secretary William Cohen and CIA Director George Tenet, in private meetings with Republican senators this week, praised the KLA's recent battlefield performances, the report said...."

UK - Electronic Telegraph 4/18/99 Andrew Gilligan, Tom Baldwin Olga Craig in Macedonia and David Wastell "...THE United States has blocked Nato from releasing the cockpit video of last week's attack on a refugee convoy in Kosovo. The Telegraph has learnt that the US action has provoked a bitter row inside the alliance. A senior Nato officer has revealed that Jamie Shea, the official spokesman, was about to show the video at Friday's press briefing when the Americans intervened. Nato officers suspect the film undermines the account of the raid given by US officials to the American press. "We are not sure there is any sort of a cover-up," said the Nato officer. "It may just be that the Americans are trying to get their stories to tally and will release the video later when the public attention is off."..." 4/18/99 Freeper henbane "...In yet another delay of what is becoming an increasingly mysterious deployment, Pentagon spokesman General Charles Wald said that Apache helicopters would not arrive in Albania until Sunday or later. Wald said that the helicopters are en route to Brindisi Italy, and would be in place "probably tomorrow [Sunday], or early next week." Wald said heavy rain at Tirana's airport had slowed transportation of the helicopters.,,,:

Washington Post 4/18/99 George Wil Freeper Penny "..."It would be nice," says Sen. John McCain with acid understatement, "if the president would say to the American people that things are not going according to plan." Bill Clinton be truthful and lead? This utopian suggestion is a rare McCain departure from realism regarding the Kosovo crisis...."

Reuters 4/18/99 Laurence McQuillan "...As criticism of U.S. policy on Kosovo increases, the war in the Balkans is fuelling new questions about President Bill Clinton's foreign policy skills and the impact of the crisis on other diplomatic fronts. The three-day NATO summit that begins on Friday in Washington has been dramatically altered by the escalating intensity of the daily air strikes in Yugoslavia. What once was to be a triumphant gala celebration of the alliance's 50th anniversary, instead will be a far more sombre affair..... ``There is a very, very big problem here and it is exemplified in Kosovo,'' said John Steinbruner, a foreign policy expert with the Brookings Institution, in discussing Clinton's ventures in diplomacy. ``At the core of the problem is his tendency to see all foreign policy issues simply as an extension of immediate domestic American politics, which is what he understands,'' Steinbruner said. .... The unusually blunt assessment from a fellow Democrat underscores the risk Clinton has taken with his presidency. ``The economy is great, they couldn't pin Monica on him but boy Kosovo may hang him if he doesn't find a good way out,'' said Valerie Hudson, a foreign policy professor at Brigham Young University. ``He's never been in the military, and that was by his own design,'' she said. ``Now he's calling other people's sons and daughters to war ... There's some very deep ironies here that can't help but undermine him in his role as commander-in-chief.'' She echoed the concern expressed by numerous foreign policy experts about the impact of the Kosovo war. ``Americans are now worried about looking like the biggest idiots on the world stage,'' she said. ..."

United Press International 4/18/99 Peter O'Donnell "...NATO reported a "highly successful day" which resulted in another long list of military successes. But at the same time, NATO admitted today that the flow of refugees remains unchecked, and that there is growing evidence of atrocities against Kosovar Albanians. The organization also said it is still losing the propaganda battle...."

Capitol Hill Blue 4/18/99 "...The inflation of war: Now Clinton wants $5.9 billion for an air war that is expected to last until at least Oct. 1 The price for Bill Clinton's Kosovo war keeps going up and the timetable for fighting it keeps getting longer. Just a week after the Pentagon said it would need about $4 billion to fight the war, Clinton plans to ask Congress for emergency spending of $5.9 billion to fund costs of the Yugoslavia conflict. A senior official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the amount of money should comfortably fund the cost of the conflict to the U.S. military for more than five months, if it lasts that long..... "

Cato Institute 4/18/99 Gary Dempsy "...Citing the preservation of NATO credibility as a policy imperative, a growing number of political figures and foreign policy experts are calling upon the Clinton administration to dispatch U.S. ground troops to Kosovo. For example, former secretary of state Henry Kissinger, who originally opposed air strikes, now says that if Yugoslav strong man Slobodan Milosevic doesn't give in, "there will be no alternative to continuing and intensifying the war, if necessary introducing NATO combat ground forces . . . to maintain NATO credibility." Similarly, Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) concludes, "now that we're in, we must win." But should the United States really risk the lives of thousands of its soldiers to win back the NATO credibility that was irresponsibly wagered in the Balkans in the first place? And if so, how many American lives should we be prepared to sacrifice to make up for NATO's bad judgment? ....Moreover, the argument that NATO must escalate its war in Kosovo to preserve its credibility should make Americans nervous...Instead of being persuasive, the "credibility" argument also raises serious questions about the prudence of the Clinton administration's foreign policy. Indeed, by involving the United States in Kosovo in the first place, the administration has transformed a conflict that posed no threat to the territorial integrity, national sovereignty or general welfare of the United States into a major test of American resolve...."

Electronic Telegraph 4/18/99 Freeper starlu "...SENIOR officials in Paris are claiming that the French government has vetoed plans by the Western allies to intensify the war against President Milosevic with an all-out aerial onslaught...."

Reuters 4/18/99 Susanne Hoell Freeper LPH2 "...A German junior minister joined calls for a ceasefire in Yugoslavia on Sunday -- the first open rift over the war in Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's coalition government. But Schroeder sounded a defiant note, telling CNN television the NATO bombing must go on until Belgrade relented. Gila Altmann, a deputy environment minister, told Reuters she had added her signature to a ceasefire petition by some 1,000 Green party members to be published on Monday...."

NY Times 4/17/99 AP "...A leading Russian politician warned today that the United States and NATO could spark another Vietnam and possibly World War III if they send ground troops to Yugoslavia. ``In the event that NATO and America start a ground operation in Yugoslavia, they will face a second Vietnam,'' Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov said. ``I do not want to forecast what is going to start then. I cannot rule out a third world war.'' ..."

www.yu/ 4/18/99 Freeper Ymani Cricket "BRITAIN sent a second Trident nuclear submarine to sea within hours of the Russian threat to re-target Moscow's nuclear missiles on the West. The move almost certainly means that the UK went on a higher level of nuclear alert, indicating that the Russian threat was taken much more seriously than the Government admitted at the time...."

 Email Yandaojie Middle School,Chengdu China 4/16/99 Freeper cyberaxe "...We have a popular saying here"IF you want to watch a bad news to entertain,go to watch CNN".We are behind you,but can we just do in our way to better our life.Why should we be like you and why should you want us be like you?? Look the CNN and BBC recently,they are eulogizing NATO and US aggression into a sovereign country,regardless of the homes for Serbs and Albanians being bombed.Did any bomb dropped in Yugoslavia helped a single fleeing ethnic Albanian????....We can wait 100 years for Britten to return HongKong back to us,why your president cannot wait for a few more weeks to find out better solutions to deal with the Kosovo crisis with peace? Yes,we know you have money and weapons to fight. Since Bill cannot wait to show off his high tech weapons,why he sing songs of world peace and freedom? You can fight to solve the Kosovo crisis,can we learn from you and fight to take back Taiwan back? We will not for we believe war only can worsen things and deepen hatred and widen the difference and increase confrantation. I hope you and other people who has prejudice upon China can use some of those money(waging wars)to come and see what we are doing here to better our life.Do not be fooled by those so-called Chinese dissidents who just want to please your government for a visa to US or a green card to stay in your country.I am a famouse dissident here and I am very critisizing my government,but I am doing so just to help my country not to please US government and other western anti-China organizations or governments..."

Washington Post 4/17/99 Daniel Williams "...NATO dropped a veil of silence today over airstrikes that hit civilians in Kosovo. Spokesmen provided no fresh information but reaffirmed an account of the bombing that the Pentagon had already discarded as outdated and incomplete. For the second day in a row, the officials who brief reporters at NATO headquarters here said only one airstrike was made on one refugee tractor during aerial assaults Wednesday. The Pentagon said Thursday evening that alliance jets also attacked two convoys, possibly killing civilians, on a road well southeast of the site described by NATO. The result was that while NATO and the Pentagon have expressed regret over the airstrikes that Yugoslavia said killed 75 ethnic Albanian civilians, it remains unclear exactly how they were killed. The lack of new details fits the evolving character of NATO's handling of public information. For several hundred international journalists who crowd an auditorium for daily briefings, upbeat assessments of the war routinely overwhelm the sparse facts provided. Today, in response to horrific television images and printed accounts of devastated refugee convoys, a flood of good news was released. "We had one of the best nights in our campaign," said NATO spokesman Jamie Shea. "It's clear that life is increasingly unpleasant for Serbs in Kosovo." ..."


AP News Service 4/18/99 "... President Clinton branded Slobodan Milosevic a ``belligerent tyrant'' and said Sunday the Yugoslav president could not be part of any democratic transition by his nation into a free Europe. Clinton stopped short of calling for Milosevic's immediate removal. Writing in a London newspaper, Clinton said NATO airstrikes that began March 24 will continue until Milosevic's Serb forces are too weak to fight in Kosovo or until he agrees to peace and autonomy for the Serbian province's ethnic Albanians. ...."

Fox News 4/18/99 Robert Burns, Associated Press "....NATO's Solana denied a British newspaper report the alliance is preparing for a late-May invasion of Kosovo. "At this point, the alliance has no plans to go into an invasion,'' Solana said on "Fox News Sunday.'' "We are going to maintain the air campaign to the end.'' ..."

AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE 4/18/99 "...With allies preparing for a three-day summit in Washington April 23-25 to mark NATO's 50th anniversary, the air war against Yugoslavia has come under increasing fire as inadequate to secure an autononomous Kosovo safe for ethnic Albanians. But US, British and German leaders brushed aside growing calls to plan for a ground force option and insisted there was no reason to depart from NATO's air campaign strategy....The Washington Post, citing US intelligence reports, said there are now 7,000 more Yugoslav forces in and around Kosovo than there were when the bombing started March 24. Asserting that NATO is losing the war, Republican Senator Richard Lugar said "things are going even more poorly than one might have predicted then. It was incredible that the president started by saying no ground troops, incredible that he still is saying no planning." ...."

PRNewswire 4/18/99 "...Intelligence reports read to Newsweek say the Serbs are capable of reconstituting much of their command and control structure every 24 hours -- mainly in bunkers, which also house the Yugoslav high command. The result, Pentagon officials say, is that NATO has "degraded" only one third of the Yugoslav military. The story, part of Newsweek's April 26, 1999 coverage of Kosovo (on newsstands Monday, April 19), also reports the following: ...-- In an interview with Newsweek, former defense secretary Robert McNamara, coauthor of "Argument Without End," a new book about the mistakes of Vietnam, warns that "Bombing has distinct limitations. I don't think the current generation -- either in the capital or in the country at large -- fully understands that." ..." 4/18/99 "...1813 GMT, 990418 Ekho Moskvy radio in Moscow cited RIA-Novosti news agency reports that NATO has delivered thousands of coffins to a British military base in Cyprus today. The reports suggest NATO is preparing for a ground attack and expects heavy losses...".

The Associated Press 4/18/99 "...``NATO deeply regrets the loss of life from this tragic accident,'' NATO spokesman Jamie Shea said Thursday at the alliance's daily media briefing. After Shea's introductory comments, Marani played a tape of what he said ``may be this incident.'' The F-16 pilot, who was not identified, described an attack on a three-vehicle convoy he believed to be military vehicles involved in burning villages. Since then, NATO has faced mounting criticism of its refusal to explain discrepancies between the mistaken strike it acknowledged and remains seen by journalists. NATO acknowledged hitting just one civilian vehicle, possibly a tractor on a road north of the Kosovo town Djakovica. The Serbs showed several vehicles hit on a road south of the town. In Washington, Navy Capt. Steve Pietropaoli said Saturday that the pilot heard on the tape ``is not thought to be responsible in any way for anything other than the attack that he described on a military vehicle.'' However, Pietropaoli said he did not mean there was not an accidental attack on civilians in the area. ``It appears to be that that may be the case,'' he said.

NATO's military command is refusing to offer any further details of the refugee attack pending results of an investigation...."

London Times 4/18/99 Tom Walker "...AN ecological disaster was unfolding yesterday after Nato bombed a combined petrochemicals, fertiliser and refinery complex on the banks of the Danube in the northern outskirts of Belgrade. A series of detonations that shook the whole city early yesterday sent a toxic cloud of smoke and gas hundreds of feet into the night sky. In the dawn the choking cloud could be seen spreading over the entire northern skyline....."

The Times - UK 4/19/99 William Rees-Mogg "...This is not just an American war, or an Anglo-American war. It is a Nato war. The base of public support for a ground war has to be European. The more closely one examines European opinion, the clearer it becomes that the unity of Nato extends only to the bombing campaign; it could not expect to be maintained if there were a ground invasion of Yugoslavia....Undoubtedly the attitudes of these Governments reflect public opinion and the advice of their own defence staff. They are much influenced by concerns about Russia; the German and French Governments are in more or less continuous conversations with the Russian Government. Last week the Russian Minister of Defence, Igor Sergeyev, accused Nato of preparing an imminent ground war against Yugoslavia. One of the unexpected revelations of the opening of Russian Cold War documents has been how seriously the old Soviet Union feared an American invasion. Russia is again very sensitive. The main European governments want Russia as a diplomatic ally for a negotiated peace, not as an arms supplier to Serbia in the middle of a war....."

Washington Post 4/19/99 Richard Haass "... This inherent flaw in NATO's policy has produced two camps of critics. Each puts forth alternatives designed to narrow the gap between the means and ends of policy, although in fundamentally different ways. One approach, favored by isolationists and others, argues that the West's interests do not warrant serious military involvement. They would provide some help to refugees but not remain directly involved using military force. Theirs is the Rwandan option. The shortcoming with this approach is that it does not protect the people of Kosovo. A NATO foreign policy cannot be so morally neutral if it is to retain the support of Western publics and the respect of the world's peoples. Such a narrow policy also ignores the West's interest in promoting Europe's stability. A different course, one favored by a surprising coalition of liberals and conservatives, would have the United States and NATO increase dramatically what they are prepared to do militarily to "win" this war and realize all the stated objectives in full. Here the problem is that our interests simply do not justify such a commitment in blood and treasure. Liberating all of Kosovo or using military force to oust the Milosevic regime would cost billions of dollars, produce thousands of casualties, leave U.S.-Russian relations in tatters and stretch U.S. military forces to the breaking point, leaving us ill-prepared to act on behalf of vital interests elsewhere...."

4/19/99 Reuters Freeper Thanatos "...AN ecological disaster was unfolding yesterday after Nato bombed a combined petrochemicals, fertiliser and refinery complex on the banks of the Danube in the northern outskirts of Belgrade. A series of detonations that shook the whole city early yesterday sent a toxic cloud of smoke and gas hundreds of feet into the night sky. In the dawn the choking cloud could be seen spreading over the entire northern skyline. Among the cocktail of chemicals billowing over hundreds of thousands of homes were the toxic gas phosgene, chlorine and hydrochloric acid. Workers at the industrial complex in Pancevo panicked and decided to release tons of ethylene dichloride, a carcinogen, into the Danube, rather than risk seeing it blown up...."

AP 4/18/99 William Mann "...Tens of thousands of young ethnic Albanian men - possibly as many as 100,000 - may have been killed by Serb ethnic cleansing of Kosovo, the U.S. ambassador for war crimes said Sunday. David Scheffer also said Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic ``certainly (is) a prime target for investigation'' as a war criminal. Milosevic has been advised of that in a letter from prosecutor Louise Arbour of the U.N. war crimes tribunal in the Netherlands...."

Jewish World Review 4/19/99 Don Feder Freeper incognito "...Of what does Milosevic stand accused? Adopting brutal tactics to deal with a rebellion? Abraham Lincoln did as much. Milosevic is fighting the Kosovo Liberation Army to keep his nation intact. Lincoln went to war with secessionists to preserve the Union, which was then less than 100 years old. Kosovo has been Serbian since the 12th century...."

The Express-UK 4/19/99 Freeper Geronimo "...THE RAF warned a U.S. bomber pilot not to attack the ill-fated refugee convoy in Kosovo minutes before the raid that killed 64 innocent people. A British Harrier GR-7 pilot on a search and destroy mission radioed the American F-16 saying he could clearly see civilian vehicles among military ones after a low-level flyover. Senior defence sources say he advised the US pilot against bombing the convoy because of the risk of "collateral damage". But the American airman decided to go in for the "kill" anyway, aiming at a military vehicle at the head of the procession..."

Original Sources 4/20/99 Mary Mostert "..."We are not going to stand by and watch the Serbian authorities do in Kosovo what they can no longer get away with doing in Bosnia.." Barton Gellmon of the Washington Post quoted Secretary of State Madeleine Albright as saying to Italian Prime Minister Lamberto Dini during a stopover in Rome, March 7, 1999. She was en route to a meeting of the six outside powers known as the Contact Group on the Balkans. Madeleine Albright made that statement AFTER the Croats had ethnically cleansed the Krajina Province of it's Serb population, and AFTER she and Clinton had allowed Iranian weapons through the United Nations blockade to arm the Croatians and the Bosnian Muslims. The largest number of refugees in the former Yugoslavia, who are victims of ethnic cleansing, are the Serbs. Croatia does not list ANY other ethnic minorities, other than 5% Serb, down from its prior 14% Serb population. Slovenia and Bosnia-Hercegovina, which the American people were told fought to PREVENT ethnic cleansing, actually did the opposite. Only Yugoslavia remains an ethnically mixed state, with about 63% Serb, a percentage increase in its Serb population largely because of over 1 million refugees from Bosnia-Hercegovina, Slovenia, and Croatia. From World Almanac figures, it would appear that ALL the Albanians who lived in the break-away states are now in Kosovo - plus hundreds of thousands of new Albanians who arrived in the last 6 years. Yet, NATO has done nothing about the Serb refugees from Krajina, Croatia returning to their homes in peace, while bombing Yugoslavia to force its government to keep millions of economic refugees who fled Albania when its Stalinst government and economy disintegrated in 1991...."

Washington Times 4/19/99 Wes Pruden "...That's where Bill Clinton's trouble lies, in getting the nation and the world to take him seriously as a warrior and a leader of what the newspapers and television networks, going along with the gag, call "the allies." He's not regarded as a serious man, so nothing he does can be regarded as serious. Deadly, but not serious. He projects the gravitas of a child playing with his daddy's loaded Winchester. This is not so much a war -- the NATO bureaucrats in Brussels actually refuse to call it a war, preferring "the crisis." It's amateur night at the circus, or, to put it in terms the president might find more exciting, amateur night at the bordello. Bill Clinton presides over the gang that can't shoot straight, willing to expend the blood and bone of young men for a cause that he can't define and goals he can't describe. Nor can he and his colleagues in the kiddy korps even tell us how much "the crisis" will cost. Estimates of the NATO unpleasantness campaign against Yugoslavia were first put at $3 billion to $4 billion. Nobody believes that, as Madeleine Albright, the captain of the Pep Squad, learned to her chagrin Thursday...."

The Times Of India 4/20/99 K Subrahmanyam Freeper lyonesse "....The US politicians, media and academia are now calling for an intensification of the war because they do not want to accept that their leadership blundered. In their view, America must win and cannot accept defeat. Therefore, for blunders committed by the American leadership, the Serbs and Kosovars must die. This is the approach of western `humanitarianism'. Some superficial minds compare this US bombing with the Indian action in Bangladesh. India sheltered ten million refugees on its soil for months while the US is putting 20,000 Kosovars behind barbed wire in Guantanomo bay outside US soil. India did not bomb Bangladesh or Pakistani infrastructural targets or release carcinogenic substances into rivers. Above all, 3,954 Indian officers and men laid down their lives in battle to liberate Bangladesh...." 4/19/99 Jon Dougherty "...Over the weekend another report surfaced which said, basically, that the Serbs have been inflicting a number of casualties upon U.S. and NATO forces but the Allies are sneaking the dead home. According to the report, which admittedly was from Tanjug, a Serbian news agency, about 30 or so American and NATO pilots who have been shot down and killed in action in the skies over Yugoslavia were being sent to a base in Greece, then shipped home (wherever home happens to be). This is the second such report in as many weeks. Is it true? Are American pilots and soldiers already dying in Yugoslavia but the Clinton administration (and Congress) aren't telling us? Gee - are these people even capable of that kind of deception? Stupid question, isn't it?..."

UPI 4/19/99 Freeper Brian Mosely "...Pentagon spokesman Ken Bacon denied (Monday) that NATO bombing of an industrial target has created a toxic gas cloud over Belgrade that threatens to choke the entire region. He acknowledged NATO struck a chemical plant but said "very volatile gases were released and quickly evaporated." ..."

Chicago Sun Times 4/18/99 Robert Novak "…Members of Congress who, during their spring recess, met in Brussels with Gen. Wesley Clark, the NATO supreme commander, were startled by his bellicosity. According to the lawmakers, Clark suggested the best way to handle Russia's supply of oil to Yugoslavia would be aerial bombardment of the pipeline that runs through Hungary. He also proposed bombing Russian warships that enter the battle zone…."

AFP via Babelfish 4/20/99 "…Several hundreds of American parachutists of the 82-2nd airborne division are deployed in Albania to protect the helicopters from Apache attack, indicated Monday evening of the persons in charge of the American army. The parachutists left the base of Strong Bragg in North Carolina during last days with a last quota designed to leave Monday, indicated a person in charge of the Army under cover of anonymity. The reinforcements will form part of a force of 2.600 men charged to accompany and protect the deployment from twenty-four American helicopters Apache AH-64, left Monday Pisa (north-western of Italy), and which should be deployed Tuesday in Albania, according to the Pentagon…."

London Telegraph 4/20/99 Ben Rooney "…AFTER five days of denials, confusion, claim and counter-claim, Nato admitted yesterday that its aircraft bombed two refugee convoys in Kosovo last week. But it continued to cast doubt on whether it had hit civilian vehicles. Serb officials have claimed that 64 people died in the attacks and 20 were injured. The confusion over the tape made by an American pilot also took another extraordinary twist. The US commander of the aircraft involved, Brig-Gen Daniel Leaf, contradicted a Pentagon statement that it "had absolutely nothing to do with convoy attacks reported by Serbs that are now under review by Nato", and said the pilot was very much part of the attacks. …"

The Guardian (UK) 4/19/99 Julian Borger Richard Norton-Taylor "... Evidence emerging on both sides of the Atlantic yesterday showed that Nato entered the Kosovo conflict critically underestimating Serbian resolve in the face of Nato airstrikes, which now appear to be nowhere near achieving their objectives. CIA assessments before the bombing began predicted that President Slobodan Milosevic would give in at the first show of hi-tech military might. Leaked US documents show that US intelligence underestimated the Serbian leader's tenacity. A report in January that drew together intelligence gathered by various agencies under the patronage of the CIA gave the upbeat conclusion that Mr Milosevic had no stomach for a war that he could not win. 'After enough of a defence to sustain his honour and assuage his backers he will quickly sue for peace,' it said...." 4/19/99 Freeper Trailer Trash "... (Itar-Tass) - NATO air strikes at production facilities in Yugoslavia are health hazards for millions of people in Europe. This was stated by representative of the Russian Defence Ministry, Major-General Boris Alexeyev at a news conference in Moscow on Monday on the theme "Ecological consequences of air strikes against Yugoslavia for Europe. Russian experts' opinion". Alexeyev said by-products of combustion of oil in bombed-out reservoirs and refineries in Yugoslavia, hazardous for health, reached the air space of Poland and are approaching Finland. After the anticyclone expected soon, the poisonous mixture will spread to the territories of Hungary, Greece and Italy. The consequences of bombings will be felt all over Europe for many years. The incidence of cancer, immune system deficiency will increase sharply, as well as harmful effects on the reproductive function..."

INSIGHT Magazine 5/10/99 Jamie Dettmer Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "Amid daily briefings about air strikes and the growing din for ground troops, one thing is missing in U.S. policy in Kosovo -- reasoned debate in Congress about the best course of action. War and peace in Europe hang in the balance. The diplomats dance around a German-authored peace deal that seems to have been given the nod by a Clinton administration baffled at how its high-minded intentions have led to blunder. The Serbs continue to murder. Bombs in ever greater numbers explode on Belgrade. Refugees accidentally are killed by NATO forces. Risks mount of a widening conflict with a further NATO-provoked and Serb-encouraged destabilization of Macedonia and Albania. The drumbeat of anti-Americanism rolls once again in Greece. The balance of political forces in Moscow threatens to shift away from the reformers, prompting stern warnings from Mikhail Gorbachev of a slide toward a "new Cold War."..."

New York Post 4/19/99 Freeper starlu "...The priorities of refugees fleeing Kosovo would, you'd guess, run along the lines of food, clean water, dry clothes, basic medical attention and a place to sleep at a safe distance from flying bullets. So what does the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) send to their aid? Condoms...."

Capitol Hill Blue 4/19/99 Doug Thompson "...Senior Pentagon officials have warned President Clinton his Kosovo war is destined to turn into a long conflict that could end up costing the United States more than $100 billion along with hundreds -- perhaps thousands -- of American casualties, military sources say. Budget planners are also warning Clinton that a prolonged, expensive war could wipe out the federal budget surplus, threaten the solvency of Social Security and plunge the country into a recession. Although Clinton is asking Congress for $5.9 billion in emergency spending for the Kosovo war, the real cost will be more than 20 times that.....Among the projections presented to the White House: A combined air-ground campaign lasting two-to-five years at a cost of more than $100 billion; Increased American casualties in a ground conflict ranging from "several hundred" to "several thousand;" An increasing possibility that some NATO allies(such as France and Italy) could drop out of the coalition, leaving the U.S. and Britain to fight the war alone; An increasing possibility that Russia could enter the war on Yugoslavia's side; No guarantees that, even with ground troops, the war could be won. Military experts dismissed claims by Assistant Secretary of Defense Strobe Talbot Sunday that the Kosovo war is winnable in the air. "Talbot is spinning," says intelligence analyst Sander Owen. "The White House was told from the beginning this thing couldn't be won in the air."....Owen said the US has few options left...."

STRATFOR's Global Intelligence Update 4/18/99 "...The war in Kosovo grew out of fundamental miscalculations in Washington, particularly concerning the effect Russian support had on Milosevic's thinking. So long as Milosevic feels he has Russian support, he will act with confidence. If Russia wavers, Milosevic will have to deal. With the air war stalemated and talks of ground attack a pipe dream, diplomacy remains NATO's best option. That option depends on Russian cooperation. However, Russian cooperation will cost a great deal of money. That brings us to the IMF, the Germans, and former Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, who is Russia's new negotiator on Serbia, a leading economic reformer and a good friend of the West...."

NewsMax Exclusive 4/19/99 J. R. Nyquist "...With 80,000 Russians volunteering to fight NATO and 30,000 U.S. reservists being called to active duty, Bill Clinton's leadership continues to propel Europe toward war. But Europe may not follow Clinton's lead to the bitter end. European leaders are beginning to realize the depth of Russia's anger and the potential consequences. Consider the following formula: If you want bad relations, insult a government. But if you want war, insult a nation. By assuming that Russia cares more about IMF money than its own national dignity, the Clinton Administration has offered a powerful insult to the Russian people. As Clinton takes blatant advantage of Russia's economic distress to wage war on Russia's ally, dislike for America has gone from 28 percent in Russia to 72 percent. Reflecting this, politicians from the mayor of Moscow on up to the President of the Russian Federation have openly warned of a third world war.....In Clark's view Russian war preparations are mere "atmospherics." In this instance, the disregard equals disrespect. Sadly, it is America that has forgotten its good manners. It is America that does not realize the military weakness into which it has fallen. It was only last October that the Pentagon itself complained about the deplorable state of the nation's military. Now we are to believe something quite the opposite -- that we are the world's only superpower..."

NPR 4/19/99 Freeper Fulbright "...NPR news at 9:30 AM EDT carried a story that three more Yugoslavs were captured by the KLA last week and were turned over to NATO. One is reported to be a Russian officer in a Serb uniform...."

Itar-Tass 4/19/99 "...U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott is seriously mistaken about Russia's position on a union with Byelorussia and Yugoslavia, Duma speaker Gennady Seleznyov said. In an exclusive interview with Itar-Tass on Monday, Seleznyov said the president, the government and the parliament of the country support the idea of such a union. Commenting on Talbott's recommendations that Russia's interests are in maintaining cooperative relations with the United States and NATO, Seleznyov noted that it is extremely hard to speak about cooperation between Russia and the North Atlantic Alliance. Russia has frozen its relations with NATO. However, if it continues the aggression against Yugoslavia, "we will make sure that they (relations) are severed completely," he said...."

4/19/99 UPI Freeper Thanatos "…Russian President Boris Yeltsin has issued a new warning to the West not to start ground operations against Yugoslavia, reiterating earlier statements that Moscow would not tolerate such action. Yeltsin, speaking this morning before a telephone conversation with President Clinton, said: "They want to achieve victory and make Yugoslavia a protectorate. We will not allow this to happen." Yeltsin said Clinton hopes Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic will "capitulate, that he will cede the whole of Yugoslavia." He said Russia would not allow this to happen because "this is a strategic area." …"


Washington Post 4/21/99 Michael Kelly "...Good news at last. In Brussels on Monday, the spokesman for NATO, Jamie P. Shea, announced that Slobodan Milosevic's corps of ethnic cleansers have added 8,000 fresh troops to their number in Kosovo. This would seem, as the New York Times delicately noted, "to undercut NATO's assertions that it is choking off the ability of Yugoslavia to resupply its forces in the field." Oh no, Shea declared, the arrival of half a division of Serb soldiers in Kosovo was a positive development: "It's a sign of how difficult Belgrade is finding it to bring the area under total control." Or perhaps it's a sign that Milosevic is, in fact, Little Bunny Foo-Foo, and that the Good Fairy will any minute now come down and turn him into a goon for scooping up excessive numbers of field mice and bopping them on the head. It is too much to ask that the initial plans of any war be met with swift success. But it is not too much to ask that the planners do not lie, to themselves and to the public, about how their plans are faring. And what is going on with the plan in Yugoslavia is that it is failing, catastrophically...."


The Washington Times 4/21/99 "...It was Secretary of Defense William Cohen's moment of truth, three weeks too late: The United States had waged a war it was not in any way prepared for. Worse than that, though, it had waged a war it knew it wasn't prepared for -- without telling the American people. In the Senate Armed Services Committee meeting hearing last week, senators made plain their unhappiness. "If the public knew our state of readiness or our lack of readiness, there would be an outrage out there; the fact that we are roughly at one-half the force strength that we were in 1991," Sen. James Inhofe, Oklahoma Republican, told Mr. Cohen..... Sunday's Washington Post reported there are 7,000 more Yugoslav forces around Kosovo than before the bombing campaign; Yugoslav communications and radar systems have sustained only minor damages, and some downed communication lines only take 24 hours to repair; only five air defense targets have been destroyed; and thousands of shoulder-fired rockets are still intact. That's beside the blunders NATO has made jeopardizing human life such as it is: mistaking refugees for Serb aggressors and destroying a civilian train; our stunning lack of preparedness for caring for over half a million refugees. Or, perhaps even more frightening, is the detail that the administration has yet to define what its objectives are in this war, other than to: "persist until we prevail."..... "We must proceed with this campaign," he insisted. This, despite the fact that Mr. Cohen has known from the beginning that the bombings would increase the ethnic cleansing: "With respect to George Tenet testifying that the bombing could, in fact, accelerate Milosevic's plans, we also knew that," Mr. Cohen said. This also, while ignoring the fact that bombing might not ultimately stop Mr. Milosevic's murderous activity: "Another point on Wes Clark when he said he never thought we would stop the paramilitary activities of Milosevic. We all knew that," Mr. Cohen said. And yet the president sent the U.S. military into war with Mr. Cohen's blessing...." 4/19/99 Freeper henbane "...Belgrade has demonstrated its ability to control refugee flows like a faucet, initially flooding Albania and Macedonia to overwhelm NATO with humanitarian efforts, then turning the tap on and off as needed to keep the Albanian border crowded and keep Macedonia perfectly uncomfortable..."

4/19/99 Uri Dowbenko Freeper TexMex "...As NATO leaders gather in Washington, D.C. on April 24 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the alliance, the continued viability of an organization rooted in the Cold War is being seriously questioned. With the addition of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic as new members, it is clear that NATO's original anti-Communist role has been relegated to the trashcan of history...."

AP 4/20/99 Freeper Ymani Cricket "...President Clinton asked Congress for quick, bipartisan action on his $6 billion request to pay for the war in Yugoslavia. But the legislation has quickly sparked a partisan battle, with Republicans lining up to add billions to cover longer-term Pentagon needs...."

AFP via Babelfish 4/20/99 Freeper HAL9000 "...A ten of vehicle tracked American M-39 equip of rocket launcher mutiples intend to protect the deployment in Albania of helicopter of combat Apache have leave Monday morning the airport of Tirana in direction of north of country, have note a photographer of AFP...."

Kyodo 4/20/99 Freeper LPH2 "...Some of U.S. Air Force aircraft in Japan may be ordered to take part in the bombing campaign against Yugoslavia, a U.S. defense official said Monday. The official indicated that the United States is currently considering various options to help beef up NATO's air power in the campaign, including the use of Japan-based aircraft..."

Washington Post 4/20/99 John Harris "...Two months ago, as President Clinton emerged from his impeachment trial and contemplated the rest of his tenure, aides say he viewed Kosovo as a conventional foreign policy problem: He wanted it quickly solved and moved off his agenda. Now, he views the crisis in the Balkans as something much larger: a defining moment for his presidency, and for American foreign policy at century's end. Aides say meeting this challenge will occupy Clinton for the balance of his term -- a reality that threatens to suck away the political oxygen available for other projects on his agenda. ..."This is it," said one senior Clinton aide. "This is the presidency."..."

The Oklahoman 4/20/99 Editorial by Mark Green "... IT'S been awhile since the liberals ran a war. But, golly, the memories are racing back with Bill Clinton's war in Yugoslavia. In many ways, it's Vietnam without the rice paddies. For example, remember Vietnam's strange nomenclature? U.S. policymakers' warspeak included "demilitarization" and "Vietnamization" and other funky constructions. The Clinton administration's phrase du jour is "permissive environment," which shouldn't be confused with Hillary's child-rearing village. Rather, it describes a weird circumstance: enough peace for NATO soldiers armed with machine guns, grenades and tanks to safely take part in Bill's Kosovar adventure. Every day the shadow Clinton casts bears a stronger resemblance to that of a predecessor whose war Teen Clinton and College Clinton protested. Indeed, President Clinton talks of "standing up to aggression and hate" in Kosovo as passionately as Lyndon Johnson spoke about halting communist aggression and hatred in Southeast Asia. Yes, yes. Kosovo isn't Vietnam, the Clintonites quickly say. Things are different now than in the '60s. But Bill Clinton is the beads-and- sandals generation's president, and this is his war. If things weren't so grave, we could all be amused by the emerging ironies. As it is we've got to hold our breath while the liberals take their turn at the controls of the world's mightiest military (which it is even after six years of hollowing by Clinton). No doubt he figured saving the Balkans from itself would divert attention from a presidency tarred by scandal and impeachment.... Liberals can live with war if it's limited, waged with precision munitions and in the interest of high-minded things like humanitarianism and eradicating hatred -- far nobler than merely stopping communism. .... "

Stratfor - "...2015 GMT, 990420 anonymous Yugoslav telephone services said that phone links between Belgrade and Podgorica, capital of the Yugoslav Republic of Montenegro, were cut early on April 20. No explanation was offered. Reportedly, there are also difficulties in reaching other towns in Montenegro by phone...."

AP 4/20/99 Terrance Hunt Freeper RR "...NATO is remaking its 50th anniversary celebration into a war council, with Western leaders preparing to impose new sanctions such as an oil embargo to force Yugoslavia to stop its aggression in Kosovo...."

Capitol Hill Blue 4/20/99 "...The Clinton administration claims it is working to gain release of three Army soldiers who have spent three weeks as prisoners of war in Yugoslavia, but senior military officers say privately that the men have been "all but forgotten." It is, say a number of career military officers, yet another example of a failed war policy run by a draft dodger....."Like everything that goes into fighting a war, Clinton doesn't understand the impact that allowing these men to remain POWs has on morale," said one Pentagon planner. "It's devastating." One source said Clinton flatly ruled out sending forces from the Special Operations Command into Yugloslavia to free the POWs.Yet almost three weeks after Serb forces captured the Americans near the Kosovo-Macedonia border, U.S. officials say they have no information on the men's conditions. They also say the three have not been allowed to communicate with their families or have access to the International Committee of the Red Cross..."

NewsMax 4/20/99 Inside Cover "...The White House refused to comment Monday on Friday's FOX News report revealing that, "President Clinton has ordered thousands who were planning to leave the military to stay in uniform until this conflict is over." The order was part of the Pentagon's call-up of 33,000 more reserve troops; soldiers desperately needed to rescue Clinton's Serbian military initiative. The directive; a virtual stop-loss order designed to keep force levels from falling below dangerous minimums without invoking a full-blown draft, promises to be controversial given the Commander in Chief's draft dodging past. On Monday Pentagon spokesman Lt. Col. Steve Campbell explained the history behind this latest development: "Once there is a presidential selective reserve call-up for a higher level of reserve force mobilization in effect, the Secretary of Defense then has standing authority by virtue of an executive order signed in 1990 to suspend any provisional law related to promotion, retirement or separation of any member of the armed forces." ....Has the president unilaterally implemented a force-wide suspension or retirements and separations? "You need to call the Office of the President. I couldn't speak for him," Lt. Col. Campbell told Inside Cover. Early Monday we did just that and were promised that White House national security spokesman Col. P. J. Crowley would get back to us. By day's end, neither Crowley nor anybody else at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. had responded to the question of whether military tours were being involuntarily extended..."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 4/20/99 Bill Sammon Freeper Jolly "...President Clinton yesterday asked Congress for $6 billion to fund the Kosovo campaign for up to six months and is already planning for the United States to shoulder 25 percent of the cost of rebuilding targets NATO is now blowing up...."


Excerpt from General Colin Powell's book My American Journey, published by Random House, New York, 1995, Pgs. 576-577: "...My own views on Bosnia had not shifted from the previous administration. In response to constant calls by the new team to "do something" to punish the Bosnian Serbs from the air for shelling Sarajevo, I laid out the same military options that I had presented to President Bush. Our choices ranged from limited air strikes around Sarajevo to heavy bombing of the Serbs throughout the theater. I emphasized that none of these actions was guaranteed to change Serb behavior. Only troops on the ground could do that. Heavy bombing might persuade them to give in, but would not compel them to quit. And, faced with limited air strikes, the Serbs would have little difficulty hiding tanks and artillery in the woods and fog of Bosnia or keeping them close to civilian populations. Furthermore, no matter what we did, it would be easy for the Serbs to respond by seizing UN humanitarian personnel as hostages...."

Excerpt from General Colin Powell's book My American Journey, published by Random House, New York, 1995, Pgs. 576-577: "...My constant, unwelcome message at all the meetings on Bosnia was simply that we should not commit military forces until we had a clear political objective. Aspin shared this view. The debate exploded at one session when Madeleine Albright, our ambassador to the UN, asked me in frustration, "What's the point of having this superb military that you're always talking about if we can't use it?" I thought I would have an aneurysm. American GIs were not toy soldiers to be moved around on some sort of global game board. I patiently explained that we had used our armed forces more than two dozen times in the preceding three years for war, peacekeeping, disaster relief, and humanitarian assistance. But in every one of those cases we had had a clear goal and had matched our military commitment to the goal. As a result, we had been successful in every case. I told Ambassador Albright that the U.S. military would carry out any mission it was handed, but my advice would always be that the tough political goals had to be set first. Then we would accomplish the mission...."

Chattanooga Free Press 4/20/99 Editorial Freeper newsman "...What irony there is when a man who dodged the draft during the Vietnam War and demonstrated against his own country in foreign lands has become president of the United States and commander in chief of our armed forces -- sending American military forces into a hot war not declared by Congress, as is constitutionally required, and now is contemplating calling 33,000 reservists to active duty for service up to 270 days...."

Chicago Sun-Times 4/20/99 Editorial "...Some weeks ago, before bombs started falling on Serbia and while there still remained a chance for a negotiated settlement, House Speaker Dennis Hastert was proposing that Congress conduct a public debate on how the United States should deal with the Kosovo crisis. The issue then, while negotiations were proceeding at Rambouillet in France, was whether NATO would commit a peacekeeping force to Kosovo. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright took exception to the proposal by the veteran Illinois Republican congressman and told Hastert he would "have blood on [his] hands" if he proceeded with a debate aimed at providing Americans with more information about what they might be getting into. That was extraordinarily presumptuous of Albright. Hastert acknowledged Monday in a meeting with the Sun-Times editorial board that he "took it personally." And so he should. For a start, Albright might do well to keep in mind that Congress is a separate and equal branch of government. Its members are not constitutionally subject to wearing a muzzle at the behest of the secretary of state. Also, Hastert, as House speaker, outranks Albright in the political hierarchy. Albright might remember that the Constitution reserves the authority to make declarations of war not to the president, but to Congress...."

Washington Times 4/20/99 Harry Summers Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "As President Clinton proceeds, in The Washington Post's words, to "steel the nation's commitment to defeating the government of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic in the name of morality and democracy," he finds himself caught between two conflicting military realities. Like Lyndon Johnson before him, he is finding out that an air campaign alone cannot bully a determined enemy into submission and that ground forces ultimately will be necessary to do the job. But after the 1993 debacle at Mogadishu and the death of 19 U.S. servicemen there that forced his withdrawal from Somalia, he also knows that the commitment of U.S. ground troops is risky business indeed."..."

Detroit News 4/18/99 Editorial Feeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "The White House is saying the bombing campaign in Yugoslavia has been a "military success," by which it means NATO aircraft are having some success in "degrading" Serbia's military infrastructure. But that's different than actually winning a war. Indeed, by all reports, the forces of Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic are winning the war. The Serbs have seized control of Kosovo, driven out at least half of its ethnic Albanian population and lost only a few tanks in the process. Milosevic, like Iraq's Saddam Hussein, seems to care little that his oil refinery has been set ablaze or that the citizens of Yugoslavia may suffer hardships as a result of the damage inflicted on his country's infrastructure. Unlike the United States, he appears to have set some clear strategic objectives - and he's rapidly achieving them...."

Press Association (UK) 4/20/99 "...Yugoslav forces appear to have extended their ethnic cleansing operations against the Albanians to villages in Montenegro, Nato has claimed. Spokesman Jamie Shea said it was a "new and distressing" development in the conflict over Kosovo...."

BBC - UK 4/20/99 Freeper khatch "...US paratroopers arrived in Albania on Monday The war in Kosovo is beginning to spill over into neighbouring countries, with Albania and Croatia reporting aggressive action by Yugoslav troops on their borders...."

Central Europe Online 4/20/99 Reuters Freeper Struwwelpeter "...About 840,000 Kosovo Albanians could be pushed towards the borders of Albania, Macedonia and Montenegro by Serbian security forces in the next 10 days, a U.N.-affiliated agency said on Monday...."

Associated Press 4/21/99 "...If NATO airstrikes are hurting President Slobodan Milosevic, he's not showing it. After nearly a month, the NATO attacks have wrecked factories, refineries, bridges, government buildings -- inflicting what the alliance insists is serious damage on Yugoslav army and Serb police forces pushing ethnic Albanians out of Kosovo. But while he maneuvers to try to break Western resolve, whip up international support or perhaps spread the conflict beyond Yugoslavia's borders, Milosevic projects a message of power and defiance. Reporters recently invited on a rare visit to the White Palace, Milosevic's official residence, saw no trace of anxiety.....``Even if he loses, he wins,'' says political scientist Aleksa Djilas, comparing Milosevic to a boxer struggling with a much stronger opponent and earning the hometown crowd's admiration despite being knocked to the mat...."

Manchester Union Leader 4/21/99 Richard Lessner Freeper starlu "...All the high-flying talk about dispatching ground troops to Kosovo had better come back down to earth. A dash of reality is in order here: Our ability to deploy combat ground forces to the Balkans is severely limited. The Clinton defense cuts have shrunk the active duty army from 780,000 troops to 490,000. Serbia is no Somalia and most analysts believe that a combat mission to Kosovo would require at least 200,000 troops and heavy armor. This could not be accomplished without calling up reserve units. It would take, moreover, at least four months to transport these divisions and their equipment to the Balkans...."

Associated Press 4/21/99 Veselin Toshkov "...NATO missiles slammed into a Belgrade high-rise today, setting top floors ablaze in an attack on the offices of Yugoslavia's ruling party. The United States rushed more troops and equipment into Albania as border clashes raised fears of an expanding Balkan war. Fueling those fears, Croatia charged that Yugoslavia had moved up to 300 troops into a U.N.-controlled demilitarized zone between Croatia and the Yugoslav republic of Montenegro. Yugoslav troops also wounded an Albanian soldier in a firefight along their tense border. And in nearby Macedonia, President Kiro Gligorov warned that the influx of 130,000 Kosovo Albanian refugees and the presence of thousands of NATO troops was destabilizing his country...."

New York Post 4/21/99 Brian Blomquist and Vincent Morris "...As Apache helicopters headed toward Albania, two U.S. leaders yesterday defended the four-week NATO air campaign against criticism that it has failed to halt ethnic cleansing in Kosovo. Showing some of his best spin, Defense Secretary William Cohen said a new buildup of 3,000 Serb troops in Kosovo is really an indication of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic's vulnerability. "That seems to me to be a sign of some weakness on their part," Cohen said. "The fact that these Serb forces think they have to put more personnel in now shows that our campaign in fact is starting to have an impact on them."...."

New York Daily News 4/21/99 Lars Erik Nelson Freeper starlu "...Milosevic engages in ethnic cleansing; we respond with aerial vandalism against factories owned by his cronies. Next, the CIA will no doubt devise a plan to infiltrate agents into Milosevic's palace and short-sheet his bed....Using the B-2s, or any bomber, to end the horrors of Kosovo proves the truth of the old adage that when you have just bought a new hammer, everything looks like a nail. Serb goons are roaming Kosovo, committing unspeakable crimes against men, women and children. We can't really stop them, so NATO shows us videos of how our bombers have just blown up a bridge over the Danube, creating another nuisance for the Serbs...."

Reuters 4/21/99 "...German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer warned his left-wing, pacifist Greens party on Wednesday that the government coalition with the Social Democrats would collapse if they withdrew their support for NATO's bombing of Yugoslavia. ``It would mean the end of the road for this coalition,'' Fischer said in an interview with the left-leaning Frankfurter Rundschau newspaper. Fischer's comments are the clearest acknowledgement yet that growing opposition to the bombing campaign within his ecologist party could have life-threatening consequences for its alliance with Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's much bigger SPD. ..."

USA Journal 4/22/99 Jon E. Dougherty "...Hence the frustration in Gen. Wesley Clark, commander of American and NATO forces conducting the Yugoslavian campaign, who is obviously distraught about this war. For if he is not -- and his is completely sane -- then what he said last week at a NATO "summit" meeting is decidedly insane. First of all, yes -- Gen. Clark wants to win this war, now that we're in it. But his way -- probably like MacArthur, if he had gotten permission to nuke Peking -- is liable to start World War III. Obviously frustrated with increasing signs that Russia is definitely going to send an armada of warships to protect their legitimate interests in the Balkans, Clark told NATO personnel (and a few journalists as well) that we (meaning NATO and the U.S.) 'Should just bomb any Russian warship that sets foot in the Mediterranean.' In an attempt to spin this gaffe, one staffer immediately tried to qualified Clark's outburst by proclaiming that Clark 'obviously needs some sleep.' ....So far the only journalist who has picked up on this is Robert Novak, who wrote about it in his Monday column this week. No one else -- including Clinton, supposedly the Commander-in-Chief who must answer for these kinds of 'misstatements' -- has even bothered to examine the implications of Clark's statement..... Consequently, if you know you're making the number one military power in the region nervous or, at worst, fighting mad, just by sending a few bombers into a neighboring country, do you really want your top commander telling everyone we should just bomb any warships that country sends to the theater? At least in MacArthur's case, the Chinese were actively fighting a war with us at the time. Clark has no such mandate; Russia may be covertly supplying Yugoslav forces (as a surrogate -- as we did for, say, Afghanistan) with military information and hardware, but Russia is officially neutral in this war so far..... Gen. Clark should be relieved of his command now...."

AFP 4/21/99 Freeper starlu "...Kosovo's Albanian separatists intend to spread their war to Macedonia once they have achieved independence for their presently Serbian province, Macedonia's Interior Minister Pavle Trajanov has alleged...."When hostilities cease in Kosovo, the KLA will begin operations against us," he forecast, with the aim of creating a "greater Albania" formed of Kosovo, the present Albania, and Albanian-populated areas of Macedonia and Montenegro...."

The Associated Press 4/21/99 "...The first U.S. Apache helicopter gunships flew into Albania today, signaling an escalation in NATO's air campaign against Yugoslavia. The low-flying, anti-tank helicopters can be used against the Yugoslav army and special police units accused of driving ethnic Albanians from Yugoslavia's Kosovo province. Deployment of the Apaches -- about 24 were en route from Italy to Albania today -- heightens the risk of American casualties..."

Reuters 4/21/99 David Ljunggren "...Serb clashes in Montenegro and fighting on the Albanian border are a deliberate signal from Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic that despite NATO bombing he is still capable of destabilising the entire region. Western officials fear he might trigger a civil war by mounting a coup in Montenegro, Serbia's junior partner in the Yugoslav republic. In their nightmares, they see him ripping apart Bosnia by encouraging hardliners in the Bosnian Serb republic to secede...."

The Independent (UK) 4/22/99 Robert Fisk "…THE EVACUATION of tens of thousands of Kosovo refugees from northern Albania has been stepped up because of the threat of Serb rocket attacks. After tension increased at the border between Albania and Kosovo, the UN High Commission for Refugees is applying pressure for up to 110,000 Kosovars at camps in Kukes to board buses and helicopters and head south…." 4/22/99 Freeper henbane "...British Prime Minister Tony Blair's assertion that NATO would defend Montenegro against Serbian aggression raises some interesting questions. . . .Blair's comments, coming just days before the Washington NATO summit, seems to have created a new policy for NATO by treating Montenegro as a separate nation subject to aggression. If that is the case, then NATO has clearly shifted from a policy of protecting the Albanians to a policy of both toppling Milosevic and dismembering Yugoslavia. That won't fly with much of NATO, let alone the Russians. Blair and Clinton seem to be constantly expanding NATO's mission. At some point, the danger is that the locomotive will uncouple from the train...."

Electronic Telegraph 4/23/99 Hugo Gurdon Freeper Prince Charles "...In a talk entitled Doctrine of the International Community, Mr Blair hinted at a new role for Nato, turning it into the military arm of a new world order rather than a purely defensive alliance. He said: "If we can establish and spread the values of liberty, the rule of law, human rights and an open society then that is in our national interest too...."

Jane's Defence Weekly 4/21/99 Greg Seigle, J A C Lewis "...Although NATO and US officials will not discuss special forces missions in Operation 'Allied Force', the US Special Operations Command (SOCOM) has confirmed that its units are participating in the operation. "We have forces deployed in the Balkans," said SOCOM spokesman George Grimes on 14 April. Special forces from France, the UK and the USA, and possibly from other NATO countries, are likely deployed to help NATO pilots select targets and direct laser-guided bombs (LGBs) through thick clouds..... In recent years, contractors from several NATO countries have been producing a new generation of compact, lightweight laser designators that are small enough to be carried and are more easily hidden at a position overlooking the target. As well as helping NATO pilots target Serb forces with LGBs through poor weather in Kosovo, special forces can provide information on troop movements and help in the rescue of downed pilots.Elite units from the USA and Norway were the first confirmed NATO special forces in theatre Norway's 85 troops are stationed in Macedonia, and an undetermined number of SOCOM forces are based in Italy and possibly also in Macedonia and Albania...."

Stratfor 4/14/99 "... The difficulties of an invasion of Kosovo province include: * The invasion would have to be mounted from Albania or Macedonia. Neither of these countries are members of NATO.... * There is little to no prepositioned equipment or supplies in this region.... * It is not clear that the Greek port of Thessaloniki will be available for the buildup. Albania lacks ports and infrastructure for the management of complex cargo operations. * Land transport from Italian ports will require the cooperation of the Slovenian, Bosnian and Croatian governments and movement along roads and railroads vulnerable to Serbian special operations interdiction. * Land transport from Italian ports will also require access to Montenegro, now part of Yugoslavia and occupied by the Yugoslav Second Army. * The Serbian Third Army has had months to dig in along the Albanian and Macedonian frontiers and will be difficult to dislodge. * The terrain makes high quality, high confidence, intelligence gathering extremely difficult. The climate limits the use of optical national technical means of intelligence. * The terrain in Kosovo is extremely rugged, making armored operations difficult and close air support difficult and dangerous. * Given the terrain, the likelihood of simultaneously destroying the Serbian Third Army and preventing the development of partisan resistance in the Kosovo countryside is extremely small.... * The logistical strains of operating on extended lines inside Kosovo will increase the difficulty of sustaining operational tempo over an extended period of time. The probability of substantial casualties in what promises to be a light-infantry operation supported by mobile artillery is extremely high and politically unacceptable. Therefore, in our view, the limited approach to conquering Kosovo is inappropriate, ineffective and dangerous...."

STRATFOR 4/21/99 "... 2049 GMT The United States has taken the most extreme position of any of the NATO members, with the possible exception of Britain, which is running in tandem with the United States. The United States is the one most vociferous in not compromising with Milosevic and insisting that a military campaign, even one including a ground war, is indispensable. It has therefore fallen to the United States to construct the war fighting coalition needed to execute the war. What has happened, therefore, is that the power of the less vociferous members of NATO has increased as American belligerence has deepened. Indeed, all nations whose geography or manpower might be needed in this war have dramatically increased their ability to extract concessions from the United States. Put simply, the United States has created a situation in which it can neither back off the war nor execute the war without the cooperation of others. Therefore, these others are in a position to make demands that the United States has to either meet or it loses their cooperation. Consider the case of Slovakia and Romania. Both are essential for an invasion of Serbia from the north..... Now that NATO is once again trying to formulate itself as a war fighting entity rather than a gentleman's club, Slovakia and Romania are essential, regardless of their commitment to democratic norms. It is clear that both countries, quite reasonably, are demanding membership in NATO as the price for taking the risks of war. We are, therefore, in a situation where the creation of a northern option against Serbia is driving the geopolitics of Europe....Moreover, expanding NATO again, or even promising, overtly or covertly, to expand NATO to include Slovakia and Romania, and even perhaps Albania, Macedonia and Bulgaria, will certainly trigger a massive break with the Russians. They will respond in other areas, such as Ukraine and the Baltic States, on the theory that as NATO expands, Russia's own strategic sphere of influence will have to be rationalized.....The short run dependence on the KLA could, in the long run, become a burden or a threat. ...In other words, to defeat Serbia in a potential land war, the U.S. will be making promises to a lot of nations that it will not be able to easily carry out in the future. The United States will be writing checks that it will be difficult and painful to cash. At the very least, the obsession with Kosovo is causing checks to be written that involve issues far more significant than Kosovo and with more lasting effect...." 4/17/99 Representative Tom Tancredo (Colorado) Freeper Thanatos "...Representative Tom Tancredo today urged Congress to exercise its war powers authority under the United States Constitution as U.S. armed forces continue military action in Kosovo. "The Constitution is very clear: under Article I, Section 8, Congress has the sole authority to declare war," Tancredo said today. "The President as Commander-in-Chief has no 'inherent' authority to declare war in Kosovo, where there has been no attack against the United States, no summons from an ally under attack, and no time for the Congress to deliberate such a declaration. "Today I join with Representative Tom Campbell of California in promoting the exercise of Congress' authority. Representative Campbell introduced two resolutions this week, one that requires an end to military involvement in Kosovo, consistent with the safe removal of our troops, and one that declares a state of war to exist between the United States and Yugoslavia...."

BBC 4/22/99 Barnaby Mason Freeper Fulbright "...The peninsula is recognised as part of Croatia, but it controls access to Kotor Bay in Montenegro - the site of an important Yugoslav naval base. The Croatian Government says between 200 and 300 Yugoslav troops moved into the demilitarised zone, which had been monitored by United Nations observers. ..." 4/22/99 "...0310 GMT, 990422 - IMF Says that the Russians Might be Getting Good News Shortly ... Russia said earlier Wednesday that it would boycott Friday's meeting of NATO in Washington indicating Russian displeasure over NATO's intervention. In addition, TASS announced that Greek Foreign Minister Georgeos Papandreou would travel to Moscow for talks with Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov directly from the NATO summit in Washington. That will be a few days from now, just about the time that Camdessus said that the Russians might be hearing some good news. Given Greece's strategic position and its close relations with Russia, it would seem that NATO has a particular interest in making certain that the Russians are made happy in the next few days. The question will be whether good news for Russia will mean bad news for the Serbs...".

Washington Post 4/22/99 Floyd Spence Freeper Lonnie "...As Operation "Allied Force" careens into its second month, the consequences of Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic's brutality and NATO's ad hoc diplomatic and military response are being televised around the clock. The mismatch between NATO's evolving strategic objectives and its application of military force has put the credibility of the alliance in greater doubt than at any other time during its 50 years. At the same time, operations in the Balkans have revealed the mismatch between the Clinton administration's expansive foreign policy objectives and the Pentagon's declining ability to underwrite them...."

Boston Globe 4/22/99 Editorial Freeper starlu "...President Clinton has said that the Balkans will not get better until democracy comes to Serbia. The NATO attack, however, has drastically harmed the prospects for Serbian democracy. Political forces allied against Slobodan Milosevic have been routed as Serbs rally to the defense of the country....When the reason for continuing a war shifts from its original goals and toward maintaining credibility, the policy is in trouble...."

Houston Chronicle 4/22/99 George Will "...When McCain says we should be "fighting this war as if it were a war with huge stakes involved, instead of some strange interlude between peace initiatives," he may be anticipating a drearily familiar endgame. In 1994 Jimmy Carter was dispatched to North Korea to fashion a face-saving way for Clinton to wriggle out from under his bluster, as it turned out to be, regarding North Korea's nuclear program. In February 1998 United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan was dispatched to Baghdad to fashion a way for Clinton to back down from one of his empty threats. (Clinton's national security adviser, Sandy Berger, promptly issued another: "Failure to allow the inspectors to go where they want, when they want, will result in the use of serious force." Before the year was out, the arms inspectors were out of Iraq.) Soon we can expect Viktor Chernomyrdin, Boris Yeltsin's Balkan fixer, to begin brokering a way to end NATO's self-impalement on the hook of a "conflict" intended as a strange interlude between peace initiatives. Look for a "solution" not displeasing to the paleo-communists who control Russia's Parliament. Russia's aim is to undermine NATO, so Russia may not rush to interfere with what NATO is doing to itself...."

Chicago Sun-Times 4/22/99 Robert Novak Freeper starlu "...Members of Congress returned from hurried visits to the Yugoslav war zone this week with the stupefying word that NATO's high command has no contingency plan whatsoever to invade Kosovo. In resolving the greatest dilemma of his tumultuous career, President Clinton still is betting on bombing. Clinton does not want to send U.S. troops into a land war, which one adviser says would be the most fateful decision by an American president since Lyndon B. Johnson sent Marines to Vietnam in 1965..."

Chicago Tribune 4/22/99 Steve Chapman Freeper starlu "...American bombs are falling on Belgrade, Army helicopters are being deployed in Albania to attack Serbian forces in Kosovo, three American GIs are being held captive in Yugoslavia, and a U.S.-led NATO ground invasion is under consideration. But don't get the idea that the United States is at war. The Constitution gives Congress the sole authority to declare war, and it hasn't done so...."

Atlanta Journal-Constitution 4/22/99 Ken Foskett Freeper starlu "...Georgia's Max Cleland became the first Senate Democrat to break ranks with the Clinton administration over Kosovo, saying Wednesday that the United States should wind down the bombing campaign and look for a quick end to the crisis..."One thing I know something about is helicopter warfare and outposts and sieges," said Cleland, who lost both legs and an arm in a grenade explosion in combat. "That's the life I lived in Vietnam. "Believe me, that is ground warfare. And when I voted for air and missile strikes, I did not vote for a ground warfare attack into Kosovo with helicopters a few feet off the ground."..."

The Associated Press 4/22/99 LAURENCE ARNOLD Freeper HAL9000 "... A congressman who visited Belgrade this week said Serb officials justify their actions in Kosovo as a defense against terrorists. Rep. James Saxton, R-N.J., spent three days in the Yugoslav capital even as U.S. forces were bombing military targets as part of the NATO offensive. He said he heard sirens but no explosions during his two nights there. Saxton said his invitation to visit Yugoslavia came through contacts he has made as chairman of the House Task Force on Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare..."

L.A. Times 4/22/99 Paul Watson Freeper Lonnie "...Residents said the site should have been familiar to the West: U.S. diplomat William Walker, former head of a civilian team that monitored Kosovo's cease-fire before NATO launched airstrikes March 24, had toured the camp three times, noted Novica Gulic, a survivor of Wednesday's attack..."

Fox News Online 4/22/99 Refet Kaplan "...The United States and key front-line states in the Balkans are finally admitting the obvious: Kosovo's humanitarian crisis will stretch on for months, if not years. That's the reaction from many international aid workers and officials in Macedonia following the decision by the Clinton administration to accept 20,000 Kosovars for resettlement in the United States. The U.S. move came as the governments of Albania and Macedonia, who have borne the brunt of the humanitarian catastrophe here, made their own decisions this week signaling subtle but important shifts in their refugee policies. "I'd say this is long overdue, quite frankly. It was somewhat naive to think this could be settled in the short term," said a European aid official with a large international organization. "Keeping all those refugees massed outside Kosovo's borders wasn't going to solve anything." ..."I know there are those who see this as a victory for him (Milosevic). He'll be seen as driving all the Kosovars out and keeping them out. But there was really no other way," said the international aid official here, who asked not to be identified...."

Inside The Pentagon 4/22/99 Elaine Grossman Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "The German general also warned the North Atlantic Council that once NATO launches the first salvo against Yugoslavia, sending in ground troops may be inevitable. ...Early on, Naumann confidentially warned the political council that NATO must be ready for an extended military conflict -- likely to include ground forces -- if Milosevic remained unmoved, sources said. ...When NATO launched the U.S.-led air campaign on March 24, President Clinton and his cabinet advisers spoke optimistically about the prospects for success in forcing Milosevic to the negotiating table in short order. "I don't see this as a long-term operation," Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said in a March 24 television interview. "I think that this is something . . . that is achievable within a relatively short period of time." ..."

Federal Computer Week 4/19/99 Bob Brewin and Daniel Verton Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "In the midst of doubling its air armada operating in Kosovo, the Defense Department is experiencing a "critical shortage" of survival radios used by aircraft crews to call for help, according to internal DOD documents. "..."

Montreal Gazette 4/20/99 Zachary Karabell Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "Although NATO and the Clinton administration wish otherwise, the limits of intervention are finite, and Kosovo promises to be another reminder of that. The use of force can achieve any number of objectives. Paramilitary action or bombing can punish or destabilize an adversary; ground troops can destroy an opposing army, and then occupy, govern and police the conquered territory. Intervention can topple one government and help bring a new regime to power. But it cannot remake another society. It cannot transform the hearts and minds of another people. While it is difficult to force dramatic change in the government of a particular country, it is nearly impossible to cause a social paradigm shift. If there is no entrenched legacy of human rights, of democracy, intervention is not going to create it. "..."

INTERFAX Waeismic "... 1455 GMT, 990422 - The Russian news agency Interfax quoted Russian general staff sources as saying that there are indications that NATO has deployed small groups of reconnaissance and sabotage troops inside of Kosovo. The report said the NATO troops were accompanied by members of the KLA who had allegedly been trained by NATO experts. The Western alliance "more or less initiated a ground war" with these actions,..."

Chicago Sun-Times 4/22/99 Paul Watson "...Half a mile up the road from where NATO pilots accidentally bombed Kosovo Albanian refugees last week, warplanes on Wednesday attacked a Serbian refugee camp. Four Serbs, including a young boy, died during a heavy air strike as most of the refugees were asleep around 3 a.m., survivors said in interviews at the scene. The attack damaged at least two apartment buildings housing refugees and left more than a dozen bomb craters. The aircraft involved were not immediately identified. Serbian refugees and Yugoslavian government authorities blamed the attack on NATO. But U.S. Army Col. Mike Phillips, a spokesman at NATO's military headquarters in Mons, Belgium, said the alliance could not have been responsible because its aircraft were not operating in the area...."

Press Association-- 4/22/99 Freeper Geronimo "...Britain tonight reacted coolly to reports that Belgrade was ready to accept an "international presence" in Kosovo under United Nations direction. However, US President Bill Clinton said that if true, it could be a "step forward". Russian envoy Viktor Chernomyrdin announced the offer after talks with Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic...."

The Independent (UK) 4/23/99 Robert Fisk Freeper Prince Charles "...So now it's a "command and control centre" is it? When I last walked through the door of Number 15 Uzicka Street - targeted by Nato in the early hours of yesterday morning - it contained a large desk, 14,000 books, some fine paintings by Sava Jovanovic and a brace of Persian carpets. It must have looked much the same when Her Majesty the Queen - our very own Elizabeth II - visited President Tito here...."

The Times of India 4/22/99 Sergei Rogov Freeper Jai "...If an escalation of the conflict is avoided and the two sides sit down at the negotiating table, the question of a peacekeeping force in Kosovo will top the agenda. NATO will, of course, insist on the introduction of its contingent in Kosovo, but Belgrade won't accept that. In my opinion, the stationing in Kosovo of a peacekeeping contingent under the aegis of the UN or OSCE will help settle the issue. And, of course, without the participation of Russian peacekeepers the formation of such a contingent is simply impossible...."

Newsday 4/22/99 AP Freeper Thanatos "... President Slobodan Milosevic has accepted the idea of a U.N.-controlled ``international presence'' in Kosovo, a Russian envoy said Thursday. Hours earlier, NATO struck directly against the Yugoslav leader for the first time, destroying his luxurious mansion. In a diplomatic bid to end the conflict, former Russian Premier Viktor Chernomyrdin held daylong talks with Milosevic. It was unclear whether the international force discussed would be armed, under what guidelines it would operate or whether the offer represented a real peace gesture....."

Conservative News Service 4/22/99 Lawrence Morahan "... At a time when the Clinton administration is preparing to extend its air war against Yugoslavia by introducing Apache tank killer helicopters to fight Serb forces in Kosovo, a leading Republican is calling for a negotiated settlement of the crisis, and encourages the introduction of Russia as a partner. "Sophisticated diplomacy is the only means to achieve a long-term solution for Kosovo and the wider Balkan region," wrote Rep. John Kasich (R-OH), chairman of the House Budget Committee and a contender for the GOP presidential nomination in 2000, in a letter to President Clinton on Wednesday. "We must face the fact that Russia is a critical factor in the successful resolution of this conflict," Kasich said. "So far, they have shown restraint, in spite of some significant internal pressure. But more important, we have many strategic objectives that can only be achieved through U.S.-Russian cooperation."..."

Reuters 4/22/99 "...NATO air strikes blasted Serbian state television off the air Friday, just hours after Belgrade offered a peace proposal to allow an "international presence'' in war-torn Kosovo under U.N. auspices. Belgrade residents reported hearing a "huge explosion'' at 2:04 a.m. (0004 GMT) and said NATO had hit the RTS television building, taking all channels off the air. "The RTS building has been hit,'' said one witness. "There is smoke everywhere and there are people inside the building.'' ..."

Associated Press 4/22/99 Tom Raum "...On the eve of a 42-nation summit, President Clinton gave his support today to a NATO decision to update contingency plans for a possible ground war in the Balkans, calling it ``a wise and prudent course.'' He also reacted cautiously to a new overture from Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. ``I suppose that represents some step forward,'' Clinton said regarding a report that Milosevic had told Russian envoy Viktor Chernomyrdin in Belgrade that he was willing to accept some United Nations presence in Kosovo. However, it was not clear whether Milosevic would accept an armed presence -- a requirement Clinton deemed essential...." 4/23/99 Stratfor "...0310 GMT, 990423 - Milosevic's agreement to some vague international presence in Kosovo appears to have generated a rift in NATO. One of the key issues dividing NATO and Serbia during the Rambouillet discussions was the question of NATO troops stationed in Kosovo. From the Serb point of view, agreeing to this would have inevitably led to loss of Serb sovereignty. Without this, NATO argued that the safety of the ethnic Albanians could not be guaranteed. In many ways, this was the point on which Rambouillet fell apart. Milosevic has resurfaced a pre-Rambouillet proposal for a non-NATO, civilian peace keeping force. This was promptly rejected by an unidentified NATO spokesman. The German Foreign Ministry, on the other hand, took a much more positive view of the proposal. With that, Milosevic has achieved precisely what he intended. He has not only driven the German-UK/US split into the open, but he has set the agenda for tomorrow's NATO summit. Rather than discussing the ground option, the topic of conversation will be whether and how to respond to Milosevic's proposal. This is a much safer topic from the Serb point of view and was the reason behind the proposal's timing...."


Fox Newswire 4/23/99 "...The U.N. Commission on Human Rights Friday denounced "war crimes'' by Serb forces in Kosovo, but shelved a U.S. resolution criticizing China...."


Agence France-Presse 4/23/99 "...Yugoslavia will not accept an international military presence in Kosovo, Yugoslav foreign ministry spokesman Nebojsa Vujovic said Friday. His comment referred to talks here Thursday between Russia's special crisis envoy to Yugoslavia, Viktor Chernomyrdin, and Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. "This time, a different modality was discussed, a UN unarmed presence, a UN observer presence in Kosovo," he said, referring to Thursday's discussions...."


NewsMax 4/23/99 Carl Limbacher "...What the Vice President and the reporters who covered his refugee announcement failed to mention is this: the 20,000 Albanian Kosovars would be just the latest Balkan influx to hit American shores since the U.S. became embroiled in that European conflict. In fact, since the mid-90's, America has resettled over 80,000 displaced persons from the region, mainly Bosnian Muslims, primarily to the American mid-west. Moreover, America's largest meat processing company, which just happens to have a curious link to Clinton-friendly Tyson Foods, has done very well by the deluge of hardworking Balkan refugees willing to take their dangerous non-union jobs....In fact, the U.S. meat-packing industry has a history of recruiting workers on-site in Yugoslavia going back to the 1920's; though, thanks to America's recent Bosnia entanglement, IBP generally has to look no further than Chicago for eager refugee labor.... And what about IBP's Clinton-Tyson connection? The link is through Hudson Foods. In August 1997 Arkansas' Hudson Foods was pretty much run out of business after the Clinton Dept. of Agriculture determined that e-coli contamination of its ground beef had sickened 16 people in Colorado. Though no one died, within days the USDA ordered millions of pounds of beef recalled. The alarm caused Hudson's major beef buyer Burger King to cancel its contract. Meat industry executives were stunned at the USDA's heavy-handed tactics. Hudson was primarily a chicken processing operation that had branched out into beef and pork, with plants outside Arkansas like the one where the e-coli problem was discovered. And Tyson Foods, notorious as a longtime Clinton backer with a history of winning favorable treatment from his state and federal administrations, had long been interested in acquiring Hudson. But Hudson was never interested in selling out until the Clinton USDA struck. Then the Tyson deal became an offer Hudson couldn't refuse. Still, Tyson didn't want Hudson's beef processing plant, the one where the USDA first found the e-coli contamination. For that another buyer had to be located. That buyer? Iowa Beef Processors, the same company which made out so handsomely when Bill Clinton's Balkan refugees began streaming into America...."

Kosova Press (KLA) 4/22/99 "...Fierce combations between units of KLA and serbian fascist forces have taken place in the cross-border Kosova-albania.Serbian terrorist forces have brought a lot of reinforcements in soldiers and military technique. But in spite of this, they have incurred considerable losses. Only in latest past days they had tens of dead soldiers. Though they tried to retake their lost positions, they didn`t succeed, so this positions are under KLA control. The day before yesterday, after incurring big losses in the field-battle, serbian terrorist-fascist forces have launched projectiles filled the neuro-paralyzing toxic. As result, on soldier of KLA is badly sick. The situation is little bit appeased today..."

New York Times 4/23/99 A. M. Rosenthal Freeper starlu "...I oppose the war because it has been mismanaged, misplanned, politically, diplomatically and strategically slovenly and amateurish -- adding up to disaster for the victims. This air war allowed Mr. Milosevic to drive Albanians out of Kosovo. It gave him information that should have been top secret -- that the U.S. would not send in ground forces. The only way it has helped human rights is to make more disgusting the icy Western attitude to other huge human rights crimes, as the massacres and slave trains in Sudan. They could have been stopped without war...."

www.yu/news 4/22/99 Freeper Ymani Cricket "...Yugoslav federal Information Minister Milan Komnenic told a press conference in Belgrade on Thursday that 517 civilians, including 13 children, had been killed in NATO forces attacks so far. Komnenic also said that there had been casualties among the Yugoslav Army troops, too, adding that about 4,500 people had been seriously injured since the beginning of NATO aggression against Yugoslavia. "In 7,200 air strikes, several hundreds of civilian facilities were destroyed, leaving about 100,000 people without water supply and throwing almost half a million of people out of work," noted Komnenic. According to him, 13 bridges, 12 railway stations and railway lines, about 200 schools and 40 major economic systems have been destroyed throughout Yugoslavia so far. Yugoslav Information Minister also noted that "about 400,000 people left Belgrade only. Some of them went abroad, while some found a refuge in the countryside"...."

WorldNetDaily 4/23/99 Col. David Hackworth Freeper laz "...Like the Vietnamese, the Serbs are fanatic warriors who know better than to fight conventionally in open formations. They'll use the rugged terrain and bomber bad weather to conduct the guerrilla operations they've been preparing for over 50 years. And they're damn good at partisan warfare. Just ask any German 70 years or older if a fight in Serbia will be another Desert Storm. It's the smart general who knows when to retreat. If Clark lets pride stand in the way of military judgment, expect a long and bloody war...."

WSJ 4/22/99 THOMAS E. RICKS, CARLA ANNE ROBBINS and GERALD F. SEIB Freeper The Raven "...President Clinton edged closer to supporting the sending of ground troops to Kosovo, saying for the first time that he supports NATO's decision to review its plans for a possible ground-combat force. "I think it is only prudent," he said at a news conference...."

Kanwa News 4/20/99 Kanwa Editorial Freeper Jolly "...The direct result of the NATO's air strike against the Balkan Peninsula was the birth of a "new Soviet Union". The history will prove that this was the last result that the NATO had wished to see and that for the NATO, of course, it is the worst strategic mistake of this century...."

Reuters 4/23/99 Freeper citizen "...A Yugoslav minister said Friday that a NATO missile attack on state television studios had killed 10 people and wounded 18...."

Agence France-Presse 4/23/99 Freeper starlu "...Kosovo crisis envoy Viktor Chernomyrdin insisted Friday that Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic had agreed to a foreign military presence in Kosovo....But his reported comments that the presence would comprise military units were quickly contradicted by Russian foreign ministry officials and then finally by Belgrade...."

New York Times 4/23/99 James Dao Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "Just back from a stealthy three-day mission of personal diplomacy to Belgrade, Representative Jim Saxton of New Jersey asserted Thursday that the NATO bombing had succeeded mainly in hurting Serbian civilians and worsening the refugee crisis in Kosovo, but not in weakening the Yugoslav military. Saxton, in an hourlong interview with reporters in his Capitol Hill office, went so far as to contend that the United States and its NATO allies deserved some blame for the mass expulsion of Albanians from Kosovo by Serbian forces, suggesting that it might not have happened if NATO had not started the bombing. ...."You've got people who are supported by bin Laden, and you've got people supported by Milosevic," he said. "We have chosen bin Laden?" "..."

Omaha World-Herald 4/21/99 Mona Charen Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...Today, we have a new phenomenon: Vitriolic haters of the war in Vietnam who cut their teeth chanting, "Hey, hey, LBJ, how many kids did you kill today?" transformed into hard-liners on Kosovo. ...Today, the new internationalist Democrats argue explicitly that because the United States has no conceivable national interest at stake in Kosovo, our intervention is moral and right. Is that true? Today, we have a totally volunteer army. Its members are paid to do what the political leadership of the nation directs. But does that give the administration the right to put their lives at risk for nothing more substantial than the self-esteem of the leaders? It isn't clear that intervention for purely humanitarian reasons is the most moral action for a state..."

The Times-UK 4/23/99 Michael Evans "...Tony Blair seized on the Kosovo crisis yesterday to outline his vision for dealing with "undemocratic" maverick leaders intent on destroying any hope of a new world order. ..... He said "non-interference" had long been considered an important principle of international order. But one state should not feel it has the right to change the political system of another or to foment subversion or seize territory to which it feels it should have some claim. "It was the responsibility of the international community to decide when it was right to intervene." He suggested five criteria: Are we sure of our case? Have we exhausted all diplomatic options? Are there military options we can sensibly and prudently undertake? Are we prepared for the long term? Do we have national interests involved? ..."

Associated Press 4/23/99 "...The 17-point statement on Kosovo, issued Friday by the heads of state and government attending the 50th anniversary NATO summit:".... President Milosevic must: -Ensure a verifiable stop to all military action and the immediate ending of violence and repression in Kosovo; -Withdraw from Kosovo his military, police and paramilitary forces; -Agree to the stationing in Kosovo of an international military presence; -Agree to the unconditional and safe return of all refugees and displaced persons, and unhindered access to them by humanitarian air organizations; and -Provide credible assurance of his willingness to work for the establishment of a political framework agreement based on the Rambouillet accords. 4. There can be no compromise on these conditions. As long as Belgrade fails to meet the legitimate demands of the international community and continues to inflict immense human suffering, Alliance air operations against the Yugoslav war machine will continue...."

Reuters 4/23/99 "...The European Broadcasting Union, which groups 68 broadcasters in 49 countries, expressed concern about the attack, saying the suppression of news sources served no useful purpose. British Prime Minister Tony Blair called the television studio attack ``entirely justified.'' ``The responsibility for every single part of this action lies with the man who is engaged in this policy of ethnic cleansing and it is important this air campaign intensifies and carries on to a successful conclusion,'' he said in Washington. The attack had been directed at what NATO regards as an important aspect of Milosevic's grip on power -- his ability to control the media...." 4/23/99 AFP Freeper Thanatos "...US Defense Secretary William Cohen ordered Friday the deployment of tanks, Bradley fighting vehicles and artillery to Albania, raising to 5,350 the number of troops sent there to protect 24 US Apache attack helicopters, the Pentagon said. "The additional forces will provide force protection, augment deep-strike suppression fire in support of Apache air operations and allows operations in an austere environment," the Pentagon said...."

Stratfor 4/23/99 "...A report is circulating on the Internet, allegedly from Petar Adzic of the VINCA Institute of Nuclear Sciences in Belgrade, warning that NATO is preparing to bomb the facility. Mr. Adzic warns that, while the institute's reactor has been inactive for more than 15 years, significant amounts of enriched Uranium 235 fuel remain in its core and other radioactive material is stored in laboratories throughout the facility. The potential repercussions of attacking such a facility are clear, and do not require our commentary. What does raise questions, however, is how Mr. Adzic came to "know" that VINCA was a target. His message states, " In the passed several days we received this warning [of an impending attack], but today we got this information as serious threat from the highest authorities." There are four possible explanations for how Belgrade would be able to warn of a specific impending NATO attack. Fist, the warning from Belgrade or from Mr. Adzic could be utterly fraudulent, fabricated for propaganda value. We would expect that NATO members Greece and Hungary would veto a potential radioactive disaster. Second, assuming NATO would actually plan such a mission, there could be a mole in NATO, feeding targeting information to Belgrade.... Third, NATO could be intentionally leaking targeting information to Belgrade to minimize collateral damage.... Finally, the Serbs could be planning to bomb their own institute and blame it on NATO, though radioactive fallout over Belgrade is a high price to pay for a staged propaganda victory...." 4/23/99 AP Freeper Thanatos "...Responding to NATO's call, the United States began drafting a U.N. Security Council resolution today calling for the demilitarization of Kosovo and an international military force to safeguard refugees, a U.S. official said. The decision by NATO leaders to seek a council resolution, essentially outlining their demands for a halt to the bombing of Yugoslavia, took diplomats at the United Nations by surprise but the U.S. Mission immediately went to work on a draft...."


UPI 4/24/99 Sid Balman Jr. "...President Clinton issued Moscow a stern warning about resupply of Belgrade's war machine, refusing to rule out the use of force against Russian ships in the Adriatic Sea if they attempt to breach what is for all intents and purposes a NATO naval blockade of the former Yugoslavia...."


NewsMax 4/24/99 JR Nyquist "...The Western alliance is inching toward an abyss -- either a confrontation with Russia or a split within NATO. These are the dangers courted by President Clinton and British Prime Minister Tony Blair. Their strategy? To bomb the Yugoslav army until it can no longer offer effective resistance to a ground invasion. Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic, his country under bombardment, is given no alternative but to withdraw the Yugoslav army from Yugoslav territory, making way for a NATO occupation. Milosevic now appears willing to accept an international peacekeeping force on Yugoslav soil, providing that NATO pulls back from the border and stops the air assault. But President Clinton will not agree to Milosevic's compromise. What is wrong with that compromise? It appears that President Clinton wants the crisis to continue, if not intensify....Blair further declared that NATO forces would enter Yugoslavia with or without Milosevic's permission. "We are all internationalists now," said Blair, "whether we like it or not."....Meanwhile, Russian mobilizations continue on land and sea. The Ukrainian and Russian navies are presently engaged in training exercises. Dozens of warships have been mobilized. At the same time, Russian diplomats are courting Israel, Greece and France -- feeling out weaknesses in the West's global position. Russia's ally, President Jiang Zemin of China, has once again called on the People's Liberation Army to brace for a possible war. There is "regional tension and unstable elements," he said earlier this month. "The world is not safe."..."


Reuters 4/24/99 Freeper LPH2 "...An explosion outside the building housing the U.S. and British consulates in the Urals city of Yekaterinburg early on Saturday blew out windows in nearby buildings but caused no casualties, Russia's Itar-Tass news agency reported. The agency, monitored by the BBC, said police had cordoned off the area and were investigating the blast..."

New York Post 4/24/99 DEBORAH ORIN "... Suddenly President Clinton's Kosovo strategy seems to spin around word games about the meaning of "permissive." At first, NATO - and Clinton - insisted ground troops would go into Kosovo only if the war zone became a "permissive" environment, where they could enforce peace without waging war. Now Clinton and NATO are openly inviting speculation that they're edging toward using ground troops by playing word games about what "permissive" really means - there's even talk of "semi-permissive." But some analysts suspect the word games are aimed at trying to recuperate from Clinton's early strategic blunder in ruling out ground troops - the goal is to make Serbian strongman Slobodan Milosevic think there's a threat ground troops will be used, so he'll cut a diplomatic deal. All this comes at a time when NATO insists it can win with air power alone. But most outside analysts say that isn't likely and that Clinton ultimately must choose between using ground troops or cutting a deal with the Serbian leader he has painted as the devil...."

The Independent (UK) Robert Fiske "..."Once you kill people because you don't like what they say, you change the rules of war' ..... Deep inside the tangle of cement and plastic and iron, in what had once been the make-up room next to the broadcasting studio of Serb Television, was all that was left of a young woman, burnt alive when Nato's missile exploded in the radio control room. Within six hours, the Secretary of State for International Development, Clare Short, declared the place a "legitimate target". .....We had all wondered how long it would be before NATO decided that Radio Televizija Srbija should join the list of "military" targets. Spokesmen had long objected to its crude propaganda - it included a NATO symbol turning into a swastika and a montage of Madeleine Albright growing Dracula teeth in front of a burning building. It never reported on the tens of thousands of Albanian refugees who spoke of executions and "ethnic cleansing" in Kosovo. It endlessly repeated films that depicted Yugoslav soldiers as idealised heroes defending their country...."

4/24/99 Reuters ATHENS Freeper LPH2 "... Two people on a motorcycle fired three shots at the United Nations building in central Athens on Saturday but no one was hurt, police said. ``They fired the shots as they passed outside the UN headquarters and then rushed away,'' a senior police official told Reuters. ``Most probably this has to do with the war in Yugoslavia.'' NATO member Greece is also a traditional Serb ally and polls this week showed that over 90 percent of those questioned opposed NATO's bombing campaign against Yugoslavia...."

London Free Press 4/24/99Jim Chapman Freeper vitolins "...In the aftermath of the Colorado tragedy, noted draft-dodger, womanizer and all-round liar Slick Willy Clinton saw fit to remind us of the importance of teaching our children to resolve their problems with words rather than violence. Sage advice. As the most powerful man on the planet, he would do well to consider it himself...."

Insight 5/17/99 J. Michael Waller "...With dashed hopes for the Yugoslavian regime's quick surrender, the administration and Congress are considering an initiative to build up a small guerrilla force, the Kosovo Liberation Army, or KLA, into an effective fighting machine. As Secretary of State Madeleine Albright openly flirts with the KLA, other officials say the United States wants closer relations with the group. Some Capitol Hill staff following Kosovo are asking if, despite NATO's open nonsupport, the United States already may be providing covert assistance to the KLA....."Some politicians have apparently confused the KLA with the Nicaraguan Contras or the Afghan mujahideen of the 1980s," says Michael Radu of the Foreign Policy Research Institute in Philadelphia. In a memo circulating on Capitol Hill, Radu argues that arming the KLA "would display both American ignorance of the true nature of the KLA and despair at the failure of the NATO air strikes against Yugoslavia.".... Not only does the KLA stake territorial claims on other countries, including NATO ally Greece, but Insight's sources say it has roots in the Sigurimi secret police of Albania's late Stalinist dictator Enver Hoxha, who had designs on a Greater Albania carved from Greece and countries that made up Yugoslavia. "Some of its founders and leading cadres were associated with the Yugoslavian Communist secret police or even . . . Sigurimi," according to Radu. Even more disturbing are reports that the KLA has received military support from Iran and from fugitive Saudi terrorist financier Osama bin Laden, who is wanted for a spate of mass killings, including the 1998 bombings of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. President Clinton ordered cruise-missile attacks on alleged bin Laden targets in Sudan and Afghanistan. Last month, the Times of London reported that the KLA is involved in the heroin trade and that Germany, Sweden and Switzerland, in conjunction with the European police authority Europol, are probing "growing evidence that drug money is funding the KLA's leap from obscurity to power." Italian and Czech authorities also report KLA connections to weapons and narcotics trafficking. If proved, allegations of terrorism and drug smuggling would blow up in the face of Washington as it armed and equipped the KLA and would drive a stake through U.S. antiterrorism and antinarcotics policy..."

AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE 4/24/99 Freeper RR "...Tens of thousands of people took to the streets in Italian cities Saturday in rallies for a "fair peace" in Kosovo and against racism. In Rome, organizers said the demonstration, called by Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema's Social Democrats, drew 150,000 people in spite of driving rain but other estimates said the peaceful march was attended by 50,000, mostly students...."

DPA via Babelfish 4/24/99 Freeper HAL9000 "...Moscow (dpa) - the Russian Yugoslavia special envoy Viktor Tschernomyrdin wants to continue its peace mission for the settlement of the Kosovo conflict. A set of state and heads of the government of NATO explained itself ready for meetings with it, in order to discuss the Russian switching attempts with the Yugoslav head of state Slobodan Milosevic, said Tschernomyrdin on Saturday in Moscow. «We can glide easily into a Third World War, if we do not find a common language at the negotiation desk», warned it...."

Stratfor Crisis in Kosovo 4/24/99 "...1550 GMT, 990424 - Russia's envoy for Yugoslavia Victor Chernomyrdin denounced the NATO-planned sea blockade against Belgrade. "The problem in Kosovo can neither be solved by bombing nor by a blockade," Chernomyrdin said at a meeting of his political party, Our Home is Russia, in Moscow. Russia stated on April 23 that it would continue to supply Belgrade with oil products...."

Stratfor Crisis in Kosovo 4/24/99 "...1450 GMT, 990424 - Russian envoy for Yugoslavia, Victor Chernomyrdin, said that today he had received an invitation from German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder and other NATO leaders to debate a peace plan for Kosovo. According to Chernomyrdin, "practically all leaders of NATO countries have given consent to such a meeting," and that it should be determined on April 25 where the meeting should take place. ..."

Associated Press 4/23/99 Freeper LPH2 "...Police used tear gas against protesters who showered them with stones, bottles and balloons filled with paint during a demonstration Saturday outside a NATO base in suburban Naples, news reports said. At least two police officers were treated for injuries, the ANSA news agency reported, and at least one demonstrator was taken to a police station for questioning. Police said 1,500 protesters joined the rally outside the base in Bagnoli, headquarters of the alliance's southern command...."

AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE 4/24/99 "...Yugoslavia has been manufacturing chemical weapons since the late 1950s and recently entered into a "close cooperation with Iraq" to beef up its arsenal of the weapons, a press report here said Saturday. The Yugoslav army supreme command denied the allegation. It said in a statement broadcast by the Tanjug agency in Belgrade, "Yugoslavia does not have projects or installations for the production of poison gases or chemical weapons, and its army neither has nor uses inhuman or banned weapons." The daily NRC Handelsblad said in the article that Belgrade started manufacturing gas for military use in 1958 under the regime of Marshal Tito. It said the main production plant, long based at Mostar in Bosnia, was closed in 1992 owing to the war there, and transferred a year later to the Milan Blagojevic explosives factory in the Serbian town of Lucani. Another plant at Hadzici near the Bosnian capital Sarajevo was moved to Lucani for the same reason, the paper said. The paper identified three other facilities making chemical weapons in Serbia -- the Prva Iskra plant in Baric near Belgrade and the Merima and Miloje Zakic plants in Krusevac....."

STRATFOR 4/24/99 "...1915 GMT What has emerged from the NATO summit is pure gridlock. There will not be a ground war. There will not be a major redefinition of negotiating terms. There will be an intensified air war. The only new element to emerge is an agreement to embargo oil shipments to Yugoslavia. What is now obvious is that there will not be an institutional solution to the crisis. By this we mean that NATO's institution, which involves decisions by nineteen governments and operates on the basis of consensus, cannot generate a vision for either winning or concluding the war. NATO can neither shift its military strategy nor diplomatic strategy without losing some members. Therefore, NATO is paralyzed. As NATO debates its future, deep divisions between the United States and France are emerging. However, no one is discussing the fact that NATO simply doesn't work as a decision-making entity. NATO's decision-making structure was designed for a world in which major decisions were locked in by doctrine. If the Soviets attacked Germany at a place with certain forces, then a certain plan would be activated. NATO specialized in preplanning for every contingency, but in a very defined set of circumstances....NATO simply doesn't have the political consensus, decision-making structure or flexibility to craft strategies, operations and tactics in real-time. That is the weakness of any multinational grouping and why NATO cannot function as the speeches made in Washington might wish. To put it simply, since NATO is not sovereign, it cannot make sovereign decisions. Its rapidly generated responses represent consensus, the lowest common denominator...."

Press Association (UK) 4/24/99 Freeper HAL9000 "...The RAF has raised the stakes in its battle against the Serb military machine, unleashing the most sophisticated and powerful conventional bombs in its arsenal over Kosovo. Harrier GR-7 jets, based at Gioia del Colle airbase in southern Italy, dropped 2,000lb Paveway III bombs during an attack on a major road bridge in the province...."

AFP via Babelfish 4/24/99 "...Several photographs diffused recently by NATO and showing possible mass graves in Kosovo would be forgeries, according to the Dutch daily newspaper Algemeen Dagblad. The newspaper supported Saturday its assertions on the analysis, by a Dutch cartographer specialized in the study of photograph-satellites, of four stereotypes taken above the villages kosovars of Pusto Selo and Izbica. In both cases, a first document shows the virgin place of all work, a second taken a few days after reveals what could be lines of tombs coldly dug. According to E Burie, the expert questioned by Algemeen Dagblad (which did not communicate its first name), most recent of these photographs would present disconcerting anomalies. The cartographer thus affirms to have raised close of the mass grave supposed to Pusto Selo the presence to a house not being reproduced on the first stereotype to the site. " Either Kosovars had, between the massacres, time to build in a few nights a house, or the photo one was tripatouillée ", it declared. The photography showing of the lines of tombs with Izbica would contain for its part a " connection which can be the consequence only of the superposition of two different images ", it added...."

AP 4/24/99 Barry Schweid "...Declaring ethnic Albanians are ``not just innocent lambs,'' Ukraine's president Leonid Kuchma said Saturday any peace force in Kosovo should include Russian troops and respect the Serbian side of the dispute over the province. NATO Secretary-General Javier Solana said Russian and Ukrainian troops would be welcomed into a peacekeeping force to assure the security of refugees returning home after a hoped-for setttlement of the Kosovo conflict. But Solana said there must be a ``robust force,'' and that means having NATO troops at its core....."

Bloomberg 4/24/99 Freeper LPH2 "...French President Jacques Chirac said the prospect of NATO stopping and searching Serbia-bound vessels would breach international law and amount to an ``act of war.'' ..."

BBC 4/25/99 "…Russia looks set on a collision course with Nato after saying it will ignore calls by the alliance for an oil embargo against Yugoslavia. The alliance is drawing up plans to "visit and search" ships to try to prevent oil, arms and other vital supplies reaching the Serbian armed forces via ports in Montenegro. US President Bill Clinton defended the sea searches, saying it was unreasonable to ask pilots to risk their lives attacking oil depots when Serbia could get fuel from ships…"

Agenzia Giornalistical Italia via Babelfish 4/24/99 "…Two airplane of the NATO are entrances today, without authorization, in the aerial space of Bulgaria on the region of Tran, to the border with the Serbia. It has rendered the commando of the Bulgarian aerial defense famous that has informed the NATO of the happened one. …"

Truth in Media 4/24/99 "…Today around noon time, five boys were killed and two more were seriously injured by an explosion of a cluster grenade that had been dropped by NATO aircraft in a village of Doganovic, 15 kilometer south of Urosevac. The deceased are Edon (3), Fisnik (9), Osman (13), Burim (14) and Valjdet (15) Kodza. The two wounded boys were transferred to the Pristina Hospital and they underwent surgery treatment. …" 4/19/99 Freeper Trailer Trash "... (Itar-Tass) - NATO air strikes at production facilities in Yugoslavia are health hazards for millions of people in Europe. This was stated by representative of the Russian Defence Ministry, Major-General Boris Alexeyev at a news conference in Moscow on Monday on the theme "Ecological consequences of air strikes against Yugoslavia for Europe. Russian experts' opinion". Alexeyev said by-products of combustion of oil in bombed-out reservoirs and refineries in Yugoslavia, hazardous for health, reached the air space of Poland and are approaching Finland. After the anticyclone expected soon, the poisonous mixture will spread to the territories of Hungary, Greece and Italy. The consequences of bombings will be felt all over Europe for many years. The incidence of cancer, immune system deficiency will increase sharply, as well as harmful effects on the reproductive function..."

INSIGHT Magazine 5/10/99 Jamie Dettmer Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "Amid daily briefings about air strikes and the growing din for ground troops, one thing is missing in U.S. policy in Kosovo -- reasoned debate in Congress about the best course of action. War and peace in Europe hang in the balance. The diplomats dance around a German-authored peace deal that seems to have been given the nod by a Clinton administration baffled at how its high-minded intentions have led to blunder. The Serbs continue to murder. Bombs in ever greater numbers explode on Belgrade. Refugees accidentally are killed by NATO forces. Risks mount of a widening conflict with a further NATO-provoked and Serb-encouraged destabilization of Macedonia and Albania. The drumbeat of anti-Americanism rolls once again in Greece. The balance of political forces in Moscow threatens to shift away from the reformers, prompting stern warnings from Mikhail Gorbachev of a slide toward a "new Cold War."..."

New York Post 4/19/99 Freeper starlu "...The priorities of refugees fleeing Kosovo would, you'd guess, run along the lines of food, clean water, dry clothes, basic medical attention and a place to sleep at a safe distance from flying bullets. So what does the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) send to their aid? Condoms...."


FoxNews 4/26/99 John Diamond AP "...U.S. Army Apache helicopters and their supporting troops and equipment are ready for action against Yugoslav forces, NATO said today. "The full package of the Apache (force) is now in Albania,'' said Col. Konrad Freytag, NATO's military spokesman. The helicopters and supporting ground-based rocket launchers have been deployed north of Tirana, near the border of the embattled Kosovo provence in Yugoslovia...."

THE REAGAN INFORMATION INTERCHANGE 4/26/99 "...Dear friends, Something which we feared that might happen, seems very likely. I can confirm now we expect that NATO planes will bomb VINCA Institute. In the passed several days we received this warning, but today we got this information as serious threat from the highest authorities. Our reactor is not working for more than 15 years, but the significant amount of 235-U enriched and unused fuel is still in its interior. Highly radioactive material for everyday activities is also located in several research laboratories. I fear that a big disaster may occur. In the worst case, no Balkan and even European country would be safe. Not to mention ecological catastrophe. I still hope that this disaster could be avoided, unless we are already late. I would appreciate if you succeed in informing as many people as possible on the eventual tragedy. God bless you. ...P.R. Adzic Tel:(381 11) 444-7965/455-041 VINCA Institute of Nuclear Sciences..."

UPI 4/26/99 Paul Basken Freeper starlu "...NATO leaders, having ordered an oil blockage against the Serb-led Yugoslav union, hesitated on the details and instead dispatched a U.S. envoy to Moscow as Russia refused to comply. Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov, responding to the demand by NATO leaders meeting at the alliance's 50th anniversary celebration in Washington, declared flatly today that Russia would continue supplying oil to Belgrade...."

BBC 4/26/99 Jacky Rowland "...The Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister, Vuk Drascovic, has hit out at what he referred to as certain forces in Serbia who he claimed were lying to the people about the situation in the country. Speaking to a private television station in Belgrade, he said NATO was not facing defeat, Russia would not come to Yugoslavia's rescue and that world opinion was against Belgrade. The people should be told this, he said...."

Reuters 4/26/99 Freeper Thanatos "...A NATO plan to stop the sale of oil products to Yugoslavia by blockading Balkan ports could escalate the war and would flout international law, legal experts said Thursday. ``It's part of an overall situation where NATO countries are violating very important rules of international law while purporting to be upholding it,'' said Michael Byers, an international law specialist at Oxford University. Fuel supplies vital to the Serb military have been making their way into the port of Bar in the Yugoslav republic of Montenegro, with no international law currently in place to impede the shipments. An oil embargo crafted by the European Union and expected to be implemented next week could put an end to sales of diesel and other transport fuels that have arrived in Yugoslavia aboard Greek vessels from European suppliers in recent days....."

Washington Post 4/25/99 William M. Arkin Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS 'The pundits have spoken: Air power is failing, NATO's strategy isn't working, ground troops must be brought in to roll back Serb forces in Kosovo. While there's an irritating consistency to this armchair analysis, what's surprising is that a number of top-ranking Air Force officers agree. In my recent interviews with some two dozen active-duty and retired Air Force generals and senior officers, several themes emerge about the NATO operation in Yugoslavia: disappointment that air power is being so poorly employed, frustration over the false promise of a perfect war and zero casualties, and puzzlement that the Air Force leadership is so cowed and silent."..."

EWTN 4/26/99 ZENIT "...If someone, 50 years from now, were to read today's headlines in the major newspapers and wire services, and review the daily newscasts of the principal TV networks, they could easily come to the conclusion that, during the war in Kosovo, Pope John Paul II failed to speak out about the atrocities committed by the Serbs and never denounced the NATO bombings. This is the claim of Antonio Gaspari, author, journalist and expert on Vatican affairs for more than a decade. "It's uncanny. Not a day goes by that the Pope doesn't speak out in some way against the use of violence in the conflict in Kosovo. For the past month, the L'Osservatore Romano [Vatican Newspaper] has carried heart-wrenching front page appeals to stop the carnage on both sides. And yet, not a word of all this seems to filter through to the international press."..."

Insight 4/26/99 J. Michael Waller "...With dashed hopes for the Yugoslavian regime's quick surrender, the administration and Congress are considering an initiative to build up a small guerrilla force, the Kosovo Liberation Army, or KLA, into an effective fighting machine. As Secretary of State Madeleine Albright openly flirts with the KLA, other officials say the United States wants closer relations with the group. Some Capitol Hill staff following Kosovo are asking if, despite NATO's open nonsupport, the United States already may be providing covert assistance to the KLA. . . . . Veteran Reagan Doctrine proponents who have studied the KLA think the proposal is a dangerous idea. "Some politicians have apparently confused the KLA with the Nicaraguan Contras or the Afghan mujahideen of the 1980s," says Michael Radu of the Foreign Policy Research Institute in Philadelphia. In a memo circulating on Capitol Hill, Radu argues that arming the KLA "would display both American ignorance of the true nature of the KLA and despair at the failure of the NATO air strikes against Yugoslavia." . . . Not only does the KLA stake territorial claims on other countries, including NATO ally Greece, but Insight's sources say it has roots in the Sigurimi secret police of Albania's late Stalinist dictator Enver Hoxha, who had designs on a Greater Albania carved from Greece and countries that made up Yugoslavia. "Some of its founders and leading cadres were associated with the Yugoslavian Communist secret police or even . . . Sigurimi," according to Radu. Even more disturbing are reports that the KLA has received military support from Iran and from fugitive Saudi terrorist financier Osama bin Laden, who is wanted for a spate of mass killings, including the 1998 bombings of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. President Clinton ordered cruise-missile attacks on alleged bin Laden targets in Sudan and Afghanistan....."

Fox Newswire 4/26/99 AP "...Yugoslavia Deputy Premier Vuk Draskovic said Monday his government was ready to accept a peace deal calling for a U.N. presence that would include troops from NATO countries if necessary.

Draskovic, speaking at a news conference, said he believed he was expressing the views of President Slobodan Milosevic, who has rejected all proposals for foreign troops. "My personal right is to wish no participation of NATO countries in U.N. peacekeeping forces in Kosovo,'' he said. "But if the Security Council of the U.N. says the U.N. mission must composed on the basis of part of NATO countries, we must respect that.'' ..."

AFP via Babelfish 4/26/99 "...A emissary of president Slobodan Milosevic have transmit with leader Libyan Mouammar Kadhafi a " initiative " for a payment in Yugoslavia envisage in particular the " creation of a force for the maintenance of peace ", have bring back Monday the agency official Libyan JANA. the vice-First minister Yugoslavian Zoran Lilic, a close relation of Mr. Milosevic person in charge of question of security, A be receipt Sunday evening in Libya by the colonel Kadhafi with which it A ask of intervene for a " payment of crisis in Yugoslavia ", A specify JANA...." 4/26/99 "...2130 GMT, 990426 - U.S. Secretary of Defense William Cohen is expected to announce a call up of thousands of reserve military personnel on April 27,1999. It is estimated that between 20,000 and 33,000 U.S. National Guard and Reserve troops will be activated to help fly and maintain U.S. aircraft operating in support of Operation Allied Force...." 4/26/99 "...2100 GMT, 990426 - Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said today that to bring a peaceful solution to the Kosovo crisis, the air strikes against Yugoslavia must stop. Ivanov said that in order to find a political solution to the crisis "the military venture in the Balkans" must end. Ivanov pointed to upcoming meetings with U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott as proof of Russian efforts to find a peaceful resolution to the violence in the Balkans...."

AP 4/26/99 "...A U.S. Army Apache helicopter apparently crashed at an airfield in Tirana, Albania, on Monday, Pentagon officials said. The two crewmen escaped from the aircraft, according to Pentagon spokesman Col. Richard Bridges. "I don't know what their condition is,'' Bridges said...."

Aviation Week & Space Technology 4/26/99 PAUL MANN/WASHINGTON "...As NATO's air war against Yugoslavia enters its second month, military strategists say the alliance can still prevail despite Belgrade's unshaken choke-hold on its southern province of Kosovo. But by mid-May, Serb forces are expected to complete their chief objective, the mass expulsion and ruin of Kosovo's ethnic Albanian majority. In stark contrast, the destruction of Yugoslavia's war machine by NATO's ever-expanding air armada probably will take months to complete, increasing the likelihood the Serbs will seal their hold on the province. ..."

Reuters 4/26/99 Crispian Balmer "....The Yugoslav army and the Montenegrin government are set on a collision course and if one of them does not back down soon, there are fears that the Balkans will play host to yet another war. When the former Yugoslavia's six republics opted for independence in the early 1990s, only Montenegro stayed with Serbia. But while Serbia pursued the path of nationalism, Montenegro's government remained defiantly pro-Western, and with the outbreak of the Kosovo conflict tensions between them have mounted ever higher...."

Associated Press 4/26/99 DAVID BRISCOE "...NATO remains confident that air attacks can win the conflict in Yugoslavia, but its top military officer says the alliance may be flawed in its assessment of how much destruction Slobodan Milosevic will allow before giving up. Gen. Klaus Naumann, head of NATO's military arm, said to hurt the Yugoslav president, NATO has to continue hitting his police, military and Serb paramilitary forces and his propaganda machinery...."

AFP 4/26/99 Freeper Thanatos "...UN Secretary General Kofi Annan was due in Moscow Wednesday to work with Russian officials toward finding a solution to the Kosovo conflict, but diplomats here say NATO is still in charge. "We're not the ones who are writing this script," said one senior UN official Monday. At last weekend's NATO summit in Washington, the 19 alliance members made a series of diplomatic initiatives toward Moscow and agreed, after some wrangling between France and the United States, that the United Nations has "the principal responsibility" to maintain peace. That principle is enshrined in the UN Charter, the bedrock of international relations since World War II, but in practice the United States has chipped away at it since the fall of of the Soviet bloc…."

AP 4/26/99 "...House Republicans readied a $12.9 billion package of spending for Kosovo and other defense needs Monday that would more than double the amount President Clinton has requested for the fighting and the resulting refugees. Under the measure, Republicans suggest spending billions more than Clinton for military compensation, construction, procurement, spare parts, maintenance, training and other purposes. The bill, likely to be approved Thursday by the House Appropriations Committee, was described by GOP aides who spoke on condition of anonymity...."


Insight Magazine 5/17/99 Jamie Dettmer Vol 15 No 18 "...By contrast, in all the words that have been expended on Kosovo since the NATO strike on Yugoslavia, there has been an all but complete failure by commentators and politicians alike to go beyond the polemical talk of the cold-hearted evil of Slobodan Milosevic and to understand why he is behaving the way he is, brutally driving Albanians from Kosovo. Nor have the collective fanaticism or dark fantasies of the Serbs been grappled with psychologically or intellectually -- in fact, the administration just tries to ignore Serbian support for Milosevic and to kid itself that Serbs are unwilling accessories after the fact as opposed to accomplices in the confrontation between their government and NATO. ..."


Stratfor 4/24/99 "...Anatoly Chubais' comments to British and American businessmen and politicians concerning Kosovo now locks into place the strategy Yeltsin initiated when he appointed Viktor Chernomyrdin his representative. What is happening is that Russia's reformers are being rolled out to deliver a simple warning to the West: the prosecution of the war in Kosovo will mean the end of the reform experiment in Russia and the triumph of the hard liners. Now, for all intents and purposes, that experiment is at an end anyway. But Chubais is arguing that this is the final nail in reforms coffin. If NATO goes ahead with this policy, goes the argument, the Communists and nationalists will be in complete control of Russia, with the reformers completely discredited. If the liberals cannot even deliver a cease-fire in Kosovo, their opponents will argue, then their vaunted influence with the West is non-existent and their value to Russia nil. ...."

New York Times 4/25/99 Tim Weiner "...NATO's anniversary pageant is playing on two stages, as political theater and in the theater of war, and its powerful rhetoric clashes with the forces of battle in Belgrade and the Balkans. President Clinton was alone in his residence Thursday night shortly after 8 p.m., reviewing his summit speeches, work left undone in a hectic week. At that moment, the state television station in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, exploded in flames, wrecked by NATO's missiles....."

BBC 4/25/99 "...NATO is trying to patch up relations with Russia following a sharp disagreement over the alliance's plans to block oil supplies to Yugoslavia. In response to warnings from Russia that it would ignore NATO's attempts to impose an embargo, Secretary-General Javier Solana said contacts with Moscow would be "intensified". However he said the alliance was determined to do "whatever is in our means and our capabilities" to stop oil reaching Serb forces.... US President Bill Clinton has defended NATO's planned sea searches, saying it was unreasonable to ask pilots to risk their lives attacking oil depots when Serbia could get fuel from ships. NATO is drawing up plans to "visit and search" ships to try to prevent supplies reaching Serbian armed forces via ports in Montenegro. Urging support for the embargo, French President Jacques Chirac said Nato had to be "very cautious" as stopping ships at sea could be seen as an act of war...."

Electronic Telegraph 4/25/99 Andrew Gilligan Freeper starlu "...THEY were "Task Force Hawk", the "devastating tank-killers", and within days they would be getting "up close and personal to the Milosevic armour units in Kosovo". That, at least, was the promise on April 4 as the Pentagon announced the deployment of 24 Apache attack helicopters to Albania. By April 7, the same officials were admitting "it would take a little bit longer"....At the beginning of last week, the spokesmen were positively abashed: "Within 30 days they'll be up and running, at the latest." So Task Force Hawk is still weeks away from performing any sort of combat mission, devastating or otherwise. Yet, according to one British defence intelligence official: "The Apaches are almost the air war's last hope. High-level strikes have failed to make any impact on the Serbs on the ground. They are the only option we have left, short of ground war." ..."

New York Post 4/25/99 Niles Latham "...Military experts say there are five scenarios for a Kosovo invasion - and none are attractive. There's no easy way to get NATO ground troops into Kosovo. That's the consensus of defense experts in and outside government as NATO leaders debate whether to send troops to Kosovo to expel Serbian forces. "Suffice it to say this will not be Operation Desert Storm," said former Assistant Secretary of Defense Frank Gaffney. Kosovo has unpredictable weather, bad roads, a rugged mountain terrain and inadequate airfields and ports - all of which make a ground offensive against the Serbian military machine a logistical nightmare, NATO officials have warned. And once the logistical problems are solved, there are still the Serbs....Experts like Gaffney, who has studied Serbian tactics, predict NATO could end up fighting a modern version of the Viet Cong in the Balkan mountains in a high-tech guerrilla war that could bog down U.S. forces for many months. "The question is not whether NATO will win," said former Assistant Secretary of Defense Lawrence Korb. "The question is at what cost. You could have 1,000 casualties in a month in Kosovo."..."

Investors Business Daily 4/26/99 Brian Mitchell Freeper starlu "...It was supposed to be a birthday party, but it looked more like a wake - somber faces, unspoken doubts, predictable praise and brave words about carrying on in difficult circumstances. NATO's war with Yugoslavia cast a pall over its 50th anniversary summit in Washington, D.C., which started Friday. The alliance won the Cold War, but even many supporters think it has stumbled in the Balkans...."

Reuters 4/25/99 Julia Ferguson Freeper LPH2 "...Agim likes to show off his gold tooth and recently he's had a lot to smile about. As hundreds of thousands of refugees flock into Albania to flee Serb atrocities against ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, his smuggling racket of refugees across the Adriatic Sea to Italy has been run off its feet. ``Since NATO started bombing Serbia, business is better than ever. If the weather plays along, I'm doing two runs a day,'' the smuggler told Reuters over coffee in this southern city. ..."

Augusta Chronicle 4/25/99 Editorial "...Senate Armed Services Committee member Max Cleland, D-Ga., one of six Vietnam War veterans in the Senate, said the other day he is having second thoughts about his vote to authorize U.S. participation in bombing Yugoslavia. He's coming around to the belief -- which this newspaper and his colleague Sen. Paul Coverdell, R-Ga., share -- that incremental escalation of the war in Yugoslavia is, basically, to rerun the Vietnam war...... Cleland, adamantly opposed to ground forces from the start, is also upset that the administration is not complying with his amendment to the 1999 defense bill requiring a report to Congress on mission objectives and end-game plans whenever funds are sought for an operation in which U.S. forces could be deployed...."

Reuters 4/25/99 David Storey "...President Jacques Chirac said France had reservations about the initiative, fearing that if a ship's captain refused to be searched and NATO ships forcefully stopped it, this would constitute an act of war. He told reporters it was legitimate for the allies to try to stop supplies reaching the Serb military but added: ``it's extremely delicate, and that's an understatement.'' ``There have been those who expressed doubts about this,'' said Italian Foreign Minister Lamberto Dini. ``We will see how we work it out. I maintain that a blockade is preferable to destruction ... of terminals in the port of Bar'' or further destruction of bridges and other facilities in Montenegro, he told reporters. There has been deep concern about the reaction in Russia, a Serb ally which condemns the NATO bombing but which NATO hopes will mediate with Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic.

Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said a NATO embargo would affect only its own members. ``In accordance with international law, no one can impose sanctions or embargoes without the U.N. Security Council agreement,'' he said. ``In our relations with foreign countries we follow international law, not NATO decisions,'' he told reporters in Cairo. His remarks were translated from Russian into Arabic...."

The Clintonic Verses 4/25/99 George Maschke "...Sam Donaldson ABC News: Mr. President, before the air campaign began, Pentagon planners advised you, according to reports that have not been denied, that the air campaign could degrade, it could damage, it could diminish, but it could not by itself stop the killing on the ground in Kosovo if Milosevic intended to persevere. You have said again today that you will continue the air campaign and that you believe it will prevail. Have the Pentagon planners given you new advice? Have they changed their mind? And if not, sir, on what do you base your optimism? Bill Clinton: Well, first of all, I believe, first, the report that you have from the Pentagon planners is an accurate one and is what I believed to be the case at the time....This is - my belief is that if we vigorously, comprehensively execute the air campaign...we will prevail. That is what I believe...."- Press Conference International Trade Center Washington, DC 24 April 1999

4/24/99 sandberg "...The tortured bodies of the innocent CIVILIAN employees of Serbian Television should have been accompanied by those of CNN staff, who shared the facilities, except that CNN had been warned and had pulled out of the building before the bombing. And these people were killed for what? Serbian TV was back on the air within hours of the murder of these studio employees. The implications of this are mind-numbing. Yes, Serbian television could be hateful, biased, bad. It was owned by the government. But once you kill people because you don't like what they say, you have revealed yourself to be a totalitarian monster. And that's what NATO did in Belgrade in the wee hours of the morning. George Orwell was a prophet...." 4/25/99 Stratfor "...1850 GMT, 990425 - Duma Speaker Gennady Seleznyov warned that Russia may send arms shipments to Yugoslavia. Seleznyov told Itar Tass, "I make an official statement that the Russian parliament will achieve the Russian military-technical assistance to Yugoslavia if NATO starts a land operation. Russia now has the right to render any assistance to the country subjected to an aggression because of the gross violation of Article 51 of the UN Charter, and that may include air defense systems and missiles." Seleznyov added, "There cannot be an embargo today: NATO is arming the Kosovo Liberation Army and preparing it for an aggression in Yugoslavia. Why can one arm the other, and why cannot we arm Yugoslavia?" However, Seleznyov emphasized, "We do not get involved in the war." ..."

Fox News Sunday/Opinion Dynamics Poll 4/25/99 1253 PST Dr. Liberty/AfterNews Freeper report "...Question #1 (as shown on Fox News Sunday 4/25/99): Will conflict in Kosovo lead to another Vietnam?(paraphrased) Likely: 49% ...Not Likely: 43% Question #2: Will/Could(unsure which) Conflict in Kosovo lead to World War III? Yes: 40% No: 53% Question #3: Is winning in Kosovo worth loss of even ONE American life? Yes: 37%.....No 54% Q #4: What is the best way to end the conflict in Kosovo? Negotiate: 57%.... Send Troops: 22%! Dont know: 13%..." 45/99 UPI Freeper Thanatos "...Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov has warned that Russia will make "adjustments" to its defense capabilities and spending if NATO countries deploy ground troops in Kosovo. Primakov, speaking on national television, said today that if ground troops enter the Yugoslav province, "We should revise our relations with NATO." Asked by a television anchor to detail the measures, Primakov declined to elaborate, but said "more attention will be placed on defense."..."

Washington Post 4/24/99 Howard Kurtz Freeper henbane "...The NATO attack on Serbian television headquarters yesterday drew protests from journalists around the world, sparking debate on whether a media operation is a legitimate military target. The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists said it was "deeply disturbed" by the bombing of the Belgrade facility, which killed 10 people and injured at least 20. "This could permanently jeopardize journalists covering conflicts all over the world," Chrystyna Lapychak, the group's director for Eastern Europe, said in an interview. "Under the Geneva Convention, journalists are supposed to be noncombatants. NATO is acting like the Yugoslavia government, deciding what people can or cannot watch. Despite the fact that it's propaganda and has effectively been used for warmongering purposes, the best way to counter that is through more information, more reporting." Lapychak called the bombing "frightening to us as journalists." But Pentagon spokesman Kenneth Bacon defended the attack.... CNN and the U.S. broadcast networks, which had been feeding videotape from the building, abandoned it after receiving private warnings from senior White House and Pentagon officials that NATO would soon hit the facility...."


Washington Post 4/30/99 Bradley Graham Freeper starlu "...The general who oversees U.S. combat aircraft said yesterday the Air Force has been sorely strained by the Kosovo conflict and would be hard-pressed to handle a second war in the Middle East or Korea. Gen. Richard Hawley, who heads the Air Combat Command, told reporters that five weeks of bombing Yugoslavia have left U.S. munition stocks critically short, not just of air-launched cruise missiles as previously reported, but also of another precision weapon, the Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) dropped by B-2 bombers. So low is the inventory of the new satellite-guided weapons, Hawley said, that as the bombing campaign accelerates, the Air Force risks exhausting its prewar supply of more than 900 JDAMs before the next scheduled delivery in May. "It's going to be really touch-and-go as to whether we'll go Winchester on JDAMs," the four-star general said, using a pilot's term for running out of bullets...."

FOX Newswire/AP 4/30/99 Veselin Toshkov "...She bolstered her remarks by citing Yugoslav government figures that 500 civilians had been killed by the NATO air strikes. While there is no independent confirmation of the figures, NATO has acknowledged about 112 deaths caused by at least three errant bombings...."

4/30/99 IRNA Freeper Thanatos "...part of a nato convoy of jeeps and lorries headed from the port of the northern greek city of thessaloniki to the border with macedonia lost their way early thursday morning and found themselves driving aimlessly around the city's vegetable market, greek news agency ana reported. according to an official briefing from military officials, some drivers in the 101 vehicle-convoy lost sight of the other vehicles and missed a turning driving straight into the sprawling marketplace...."

Washington Post 4/30/99 William Drozdiak "... NATO bombs and missiles pummeled targets across Yugoslavia today in some of the heaviest airstrikes to date, wreaking devastation on President Slobodan Milosevic's hometown, a Belgrade military headquarters and Montenegro's main airfield. The Pentagon said it will soon begin "area bombing," dropping unguided weapons from B-52 bombers in an imprecise technique that resulted in large civilian casualties in World War II and the Vietnam War. Defense Secretary William S. Cohen ordered 10 more B-52 bombers to join the five already deployed in the air assault on Yugoslavia...."

Washington Times 4/30/99 Nancy E. Roman, Andrew Cain and John Godfrey "House Minority Leader Richard A. Gephardt took a calculated risk and lost, leaving congressional Democrats reeling Thursday from the unexpected refusal of the House to affirm NATO's air war against Yugoslavia. The Missouri Democrat knew the body would vote against a declaration of war and might well ask Mr. Clinton to seek Congress' permission before deploying ground troops. But he and and fellow Democratic leaders said they were flabbergasted when Democrat Peter J. Visclosky of Indiana sauntered over and slipped in his card to vote no on the air war, bringing the tally to 213 against the NATO mission and 213 for it. A tie vote fails in the House, and members on both sides were stunned at how quickly congressional support for the war is eroding... Mr. Gephardt said the House refusal to support the air war, despite the support of the speaker, reveals a gross lack of leadership and de facto control of Majority Whip Tom DeLay, who opposes U.S. involvement in the Balkans. Mr. DeLay had warned Republicans from the floor that to affirm the air war would be to assume responsibility for the war...."

WorldNetDaily 4/30/99 John Doggett Freeper laz "...Europe's politicians came to Washington, D.C. last weekend to commemorate NATO's fiftieth anniversary. While they ate steak, Serbian and Kosovar civilians were dodging bombs. In the midst of this "celebration," NATO's politicians launched the biggest peacetime power grab since Hitler came to power in Germany in the 1930s. Unilaterally, without public debate and without the participation of Congress, NATO declared that: NATO will attack any European country whose leader violates the "human rights" of his people. NATO will defend Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, Macedonia, Bosnia, Croatia and Slovenia from Serbian aggression. Once NATO's war is over, NATO will launch a massive Marshall Plan reconstruction project for all Balkan countries. This is a breathtaking grasp for unprecedented military, economic and political power. It is also illegal...."

Washington Times 4/30/99 "...Russia Thursday ordered its military to draw up plans for the development and use of tactical nuclear weapons in what may be a response to NATO's heightened profile, and at the same time began a new diplomatic initiative to end the war in Yugoslavia. The nuclear order was given at a highly secretive meeting in Moscow between President Boris Yeltsin and the advisory Security Council, according to a Russian news agency quoting Security Council Secretary Vladimir Putin. Tactical nuclear weapons are smaller than strategic weapons and are intended for battlefield use. State Department and Pentagon officials said they were still studying the report and had no immediate comment...."

Dallas Morning News 4/30/99 editorial "...The war in the distant Balkans is hitting home as never before. But no less worrisome than Tuesday's decision to authorize the largest call-up of American reservists since the Persian Gulf War is this reality: Problems with America's global military readiness are becoming clearer by the day. This is not to say that the Clinton administration's decision to activate 33,000 reservists is unnecessary...... "

NY Times 4/30/99 AP Freeper Deep_6 "..."..State-run media reported that four people, including one woman, were injured when bombs landed in the Vracar neighborhood a mile from the army's headquarters in Belgrade. NATO spokesman Jamie Shea acknowledged a missile had missed its target. ``One missile bomb went astray and landed on some houses,'' Shea said today in Brussels, Belgium...."..."

AP 4/30/99 Freeper starlu "...NATO's fiercest attack yet on the heart of the Yugoslav capital hit a residential neighborhood and smashed government buildings, leaving Belgraders stunned and angry...``The Germans never did anything like this,'' said a deeply shaken Jovanka Ilic, a schoolteacher, referring to the World War II Nazi bombing of Belgrade. ``I cannot believe it. I simply cannot believe it.''..."

Washington Times 4/30/99 Wes Pruden "...Mr. Clinton is Exhibit No. 1: the man who went over the hill in Vietnam and who postures now as the brave warrior chief, the liar-in-chief who expects everyone to believe him when he talks about his war in the Balkans, the man impeached for his lies about why he wears his pants around his ankles who now wants to invoke the moral authority of a wartime president. You may have noticed that he has yet to denounce rape in Kosovo, discreetly leaving that to his aides, for the obvious reason. The president and his party, a dovecote only yesterday, are clearly stung by the dawning public recognition that the Democrats are once more the party of war, and Mr. Clinton's war makes the least sense of any of them. No one argues with the estimates that, if the United States dispatches the cavalry (and the infantry) to rescue Kosovo, they're likely to be there for decades. Tim Hutchinson, the Republican senator from Mr. Clinton's own state, reckons a garrison stay of 30 years, minimum. No one argues with that, either...."

AP 4/30/1999 ALEKSANDAR VASOVIC "...NATO's fiercest attack yet on the heart of the Yugoslav capital hit a residential neighborhood and smashed government buildings, leaving Belgraders stunned and angry. Several houses were destroyed in the Vracar district, a neighborhood less than a mile from downtown. State media said at least four people were injured, while NATO spokesman Jamie Shea said there were ``no apparent casualties.'' NATO said that one missile went astray during a pre-dawn strike on the Yugoslav army headquarters. ``The Germans never did anything like this,'' said a deeply shaken Jovanka Ilic, a schoolteacher, referring to the World War II Nazi bombing of Belgrade. ``I cannot believe it. I simply cannot believe it.'' The heat from the explosions was so great, residents said, it burned the hair of those who ran out into the streets to see what had happened...."

BBC 4/30/99 Freeper marshmallow "...With the Nato and European Union and American oil embargoes against Yugoslavia due to be put into effect on Friday, US Defence Secretary William Cohen has warned that any country shipping oil to the Serbs faces serious political and economic consequences. Speaking to reporters in Washington, Mr Cohen said that force should remain an option to prevent oil reaching Belgrade...."

The Nation 5/10/99 David Corn Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...As NATO was beginning its fourth week of not-yet-successful persuasion bombing, several progressive members of the House gathered privately to hash out their views of President Clinton's still-under-construction Kosovo policy. Major Owens, a Democrat from Brooklyn, struck a hawkish stance, arguing that Milosevic is a Hitler who warrants removal. Cynthia McKinney, a Democrat from Georgia, challenged the premises of the NATO intervention and criticized the Administration for having provided no support for the nonviolent opposition in Kosovo or the democratic opposition in Serbia. Dennis Kucinich, a Democrat whose Cleveland district includes constituents of Serbian, Croatian and Albanian ancestry, spoke against sending ground troops into Kosovo, arguing that such a step would make an awful situation worse. Kucinich urged enlisting the United Nations and Russia in a search for a diplomatic settlement. There was no agreement on a Progressive Caucus position, and it's unlikely there will be...."

The Nation 5/10/99 Benjamin Schwarz and Christopher Layne Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...The war against Serbia is the Banquo's ghost of NATO's fiftieth-anniversary celebration in Washington. Disappointing partygoers and policy wonks alike, it has dampened plans for the gala (no black tie, no Barbra Streisand) and prompted the alliance to postpone decisions about new members. The war has, however, answered concretely the important issue the summit was to address: when and if the alliance would be intervening outside the territory of its members. Still, two crucial questions remain unanswered. The first--why is NATO still in business?--leads inevitably to the second--why do US policy-makers still think American leadership in Europe vital? After all, the Soviet threat has vanished, and the Western Europeans certainly have the resources to provide for their own security. With the Warsaw Pact's collapse, both NATO and US leadership in Europe would seem to have outlived their usefulness. ..."

New Republic 5/10/99 Peter Berkowitz Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...To avoid Serb anti-aircraft weapons, the United States used fast, high-flying planes (rather than the slower, low-flying aircraft designed for such tactical bombing). This protects our pilots but puts civilians at heightened risk by increasing the difficulty of identifying targets on the ground. It would seem that we are trying so hard to avoid the loss of even one American life that we have adopted tactics that considerably raise the chances that we will destroy Kosovar lives. This contradiction is, of course, a consequence of the Clinton administration's short-term political calculations and the Pentagon's self-protective bureaucratic instincts. But, at a deeper level, it reflects the inherent moral tension built into the first principles of American liberal democracy. Our politics is built on the notion of the natural freedom and equality of all human beings...."

Washington Times 4/29/99 James R. Hooper Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...The NATO summiteers have returned to their capitals. The ethnic cleansing continues in Kosovo. And now we know why. The president of the United States is unwilling to accept the risks of a ground war in Europe, even to stop genocide and preserve the very integrity of collective defense in Europe. All 19 NATO governments would be prepared to sign off on a ground campaign, if President Clinton firmly supported it. Yet still he clings to the politically convenient fiction that air strikes alone can work. .....Thus the attraction of a diplomatic Third Way for this administration. Winston Clinton's soaring rhetoric masks Neville Clinton's overriding policy aim: reliance on bombing to secure a diplomatic outcome intended to avoid the appearance of defeat. For starters, the administration is prepared to accept the continued presence of some Serbian forces in Kosovo; dilute what used to be described as a "NATO force" into an "international force" serving under a United Nations mandate; ..."

Los Angeles Times 4/29/99 Michael Ledeen Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...Never mind all the facile talk about ground forces, as if this were the siege of Stalingrad. Were we serious about improving the lot of the hundreds of thousands of miserable people either massacred by the Serb mobile killing units or fleeing the Serbs toward Albania and Macedonia, we would have sent our superb Special Forces into Kosovo to hunt and destroy the killers. Indeed, this is a textbook mission for the Special Forces. They are well prepared for it, and our NATO allies have excellent units as well. All these groups have trained together, they know and trust one another, and they can teach a much-needed lesson to the murderous Serbians who remind one of the dreaded Nazi Einsatzgruppen during World War II. Nothing would have more stabilized Kosovo than the defeat of those Serbian units, and nothing would have more effectively demonstrated our ability to win this conflict. Yet, at this writing there is not a single member of the Special Forces in Kosovo...."

UPI 4/30/99 Freeper Brian Mosely "...Milosevic: Rambouillet was not a negotiation. It was a Clinton administration diktat. It wasn't take it or leave it. Just take it or else. We did not expect bombing. It was unbelievable to us that even as an excuse that we didn't want to sign something that we weren't even negotiating it would be used to bomb us as the Nazis did in World War II. Rambouillet was a recipe for the independence of Kosovo, which clearly we could not accept...."

UPI 4/30/99 "....Here are the six points Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic proposed for settling the crisis in Kosovo: -Cessation of all military activities. -Withdrawal of NATO troops along the Kosovo border with Albania and Macedonia, and simultaneous withdrawal of 90,000 Yugoslav forces from Kosovo, leaving "normal garrison strength" of 11,000 to 12,000 Yugoslav troops. -Introduction of a U.N. peacekeeping mission to include representatives of neutral nations, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Western European nations that are not members of NATO. The peacekeepers are not to be called a force nor are they to carry any weapons other than those required for self-defense. -The return of all refugees, "regardless of their ethnic or religious affiliation," and free access to the refugees by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the International Committee of the Red Cross. -The continuation of the political process started with Ibrahim Rugova, the moderate Kosovar Albanian leader, with the international community present as observers and with a view to achieving the widest possible autonomy for Kosovo within Serbia. -An economic recovery plan for Serbia, Kosovo and Montenegro that have "been heavily damaged by NATO aggression."...."

AP 4/30/99 "...A bipartisan group of 17 House members led by Rep. Tom Campbell, R-Calif., filed a lawsuit against President Clinton in U.S. District Court on Friday asserting that the military campaign against Yugoslavia violates the War Powers Act of 1973. The Vietnam War-era legislation, which has been ignored widely by presidents of both parties, requires a president to get congressional approval for the ``introduction into hostilities'' of U.S. forces for more than a 60 days. The NATO air campaign began March 24....The legal action would seek a court ruling forcing Clinton to withdraw the troops from the region or seek a declaration of war from the Congress...."

Reuters 4/30/99 Peter Graff "....Thousands of ethnic Albanian refugees from Kosovo poured into Albania on Friday with one U.N. official saying the ``final cleansing'' of the historic city of Prizren may be under way. Ethnic Albanians fleeing Prizren, the largest city in southern Kosovo, pressed through the main border crossing near the northern Albanian town of Kukes at a rate of about 1,000 per hour -- as fast as the narrow frontier bridge would allow. ``We have started to hear that panic is setting in,'' Ray Wilkinson, spokesman for the United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, said of the largest wave of refugees in nearly two weeks. ``To me it seems that this is the final cleansing of Prizren. A lot of these people are saying 'my God, everyone is leaving ... I've got to leave'.'' ..."

Electronic Telegraph (UK) 5/1/99 Hugo Gurdon and Ben Rooney Freeper starlu "...NATO bombing has reinvigorated and unified the Yugoslav army instead of crippling it, according to American officials. Just three days after Robin Cook, the Foreign Secretary, said Serb troops were deserting at a rate of "several hundred a week" as Yugoslav morale plummeted, defence and intelligence officials in Washington retorted that the reverse was true. The assessment that Slobodan Milosevic's military was stronger, not weaker, after 38 days of Nato bombing involving 12,500 sorties, came as insiders claimed that Washington was losing heart and that support for President Clinton's conduct of the war was collapsing...."

Reuters 4/30/99 Richard Meares "....Montenegro pleaded on Friday to be exempted from an international oil embargo on Yugoslavia and invited foreign observers to check up on its promise to keep fuel out of Serbian and army hands. ``An embargo would be the end of Montenegro,'' the republic's economy minister, Vojin Djukanovic, told a news conference on the day he said the blockade was expected to take force. ``More destabilisation could lead to civil war.''..."

Conservative News Service 4/30/99 Justin Torres "....Recent votes limiting the president's power to introduce ground troops in Kosovo, the efforts of a bipartisan group of Congressmen to negotiate an end to the war in the Balkans, and a lawsuit charging the president with violating Congress' war powers are signs of increasing congressional impatience with the Clinton administration's foreign policy. A staffer for a Democratic member, who asked to not be named, who voted against the air strikes characterized the atmosphere on Capitol Hill as "poisonous." "Patience has absolutely run out among many lawmakers here. Albright and Clinton simply cannot nail down" a policy on Kosovo, she told CNS.. Rep. Ron Paul (R-TX), one of the Members bringing the suit, said that the "president has violated the law and . . . must be taken to task." ..."

Atlanta Journal-Constitution 5/2/99 Jim Wooten Freeper starlu "...The refugees from Clinton's war in Yugoslavia thus continue the flight to sanity. Among them are Democratic U.S. Sen. Max Cleland -- "I didn't sign on for this" -- and Republican U.S. Rep. Charlie Norwood of Augusta: "We have committed an act of war on a sovereign nation that did not pose, nor is capable of posing, any security threat to the United States." And now McKinney chimes in to warn of slippery slopes. The stars and planets are aligned....This assignment may very well hasten the end of NATO. No American troops should ever be committed to the Balkans on the basis of the doctrine Clinton spelled out. That is especially true of civil wars, the outcome of which poses no direct threat to the United States or even, really, to Europe...."

Washington Post 5/1/99 Helen Dewar and Bill Miller Freeper HAL9000 "...Anxious to avoid another congressional upheaval over Kosovo, Senate leaders yesterday joined in preparing a quiet burial Monday for a controversial proposal to sanction a widening of the war to include "all necessary force," including ground troops...."

Stratfor Inc 4/27/99 "...What has emerged from the NATO summit concerning Kosovo is pure gridlock. Three basic decisions were made: first, there will not be a ground war; second, there will not be a major redefinition of negotiating terms; and, third, there will be an intensified air war. Having bluffed and been called, NATO, rather than reshuffling the deck, has decided to keep pushing in money, hoping that Milosevic will eventually fold his hand. The only new element to emerge is an agreement to embargo oil shipments to Yugoslavia. That decision in itself was shocking. Consider the extraordinary fact that NATO even considered going to war with Serbia without having established a blockade. That absurdity was compounded when it looked for a few days like NATO could not generate unanimity on the subject of a blockade...."

Stratfor Inc 4/27/99 "...This is not to say that the NATO officials and its military officers are in denial. They are painfully aware of the deep problems they are facing. The denial is being generated by the institution itself. What is now obvious is that there will not be an institutional solution to the crisis. By this we mean that NATO, as an institution, which involves decisions by nineteen governments and operates on the bases of consensus, cannot generate a vision for either winning or concluding the war. NATO can neither shift its military strategy nor diplomatic strategy without losing the consensus its decision-making is predicated upon. Therefore, NATO is locked in to the existing policy that isn't working because flexibility has become impossible...."

Stratfor Inc 4/27/99 "...Try as Prime Minister Blair might to brand Milosevic, he is not a threat to civilization. If every charge leveled against him were completely true, then he would be a vicious, genocidal thug. But he would still not be a threat to civilization in the sense that Hitler or Stalin was. He just doesn't have the battalions. Since he is not a fundamental threat to the whole, NATO simply doesn't have the political consensus, decision making structure or flexibility to craft strategies, operations and tactics in real- time. That is the weakness of any multinational grouping and why NATO cannot function as the speechmakers in Washington might wish. To put it simply, since NATO is not sovereign, it cannot make sovereign decisions...."

Reuters 4/29/99 Christopher Wilson "...In a stinging blow to President Clinton's foreign policy and the U.S.-led NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, a House of Representatives resolution authorizing air strikes failed to pass as a deadlocked vote showed deep opposition to American involvement in the war. The resolution, sponsored by Democrats, foundered when 213 representatives voted for it and 213 voted against, with 26 Democrats breaking ranks to oppose the motion. Thirty-one Republicans voted in favor of air strikes. The nonbinding resolution could have passed with a simple plurality. The Senate voted last month to support air strikes. The House has no mechanism for resolving tie votes. The vote, which came five weeks after the NATO bombing campaign began in an attempt to force Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic to withdraw Serb forces from war-ravaged Kosovo, showed the bitter divisions among both Republican and Democratic lawmakers on American participation in the war...."

NY Times 4/29/99 AP "...NATO missiles pummeled an airport in Montenegro today in the strongest attacks yet on that Yugoslav republic, state media reported. Refugees fleeing Kosovo told of seeing the piled bodies of men who had been detained by President Slobodan Milosevic's security forces. As NATO bombed Yugoslav targets for the 37th day, former Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin flew to Germany for talks to resolve the crisis over Kosovo. Chernomyrdin said he would present ``concrete proposals'' in Bonn, Rome and Belgrade in a two-day diplomatic swing, but added that the key precondition for peace was a halt to the NATO airstrikes...."

NY Times 4/29/99 AP "...In an unprecedented legal maneuver aimed at stopping NATO airstrikes, Yugoslavia filed World Court cases against 10 alliance members today, claiming their bombing campaign breaches international law. Yugoslavia also asked the 15-judge court, the United Nations' highest judicial body, to demand an immediate halt to NATO's campaign while the case is being considered -- a process that can take years...."

Washington Times 4/28/99 Amos Perlmutter Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...It is time to seriously re-examine NATO's mission as it crumbles in the Kosovo rubble. The new NATO is no longer a defensive military organization. It has become Europe's political instrument. After Kosovo, the United States could become Europe's mercenary army. If you have any doubts, let's examine the Kosovo operation. Seventy-five percent of the state-of-the-art air force is American. More than 80 percent of the missiles and bombs are American. All modern weapons in Kosovo are American. The European members of NATO have not modernized their military forces since the Soviet Union collapsed in 1989. In fact, the leading members of NATO - Great Britain, France, and Germany - seriously cut their defense budgets and have hardly, if at all, engaged in weapon modernization...."

The Nation 5/3/99 Christopher Hitchens Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...In the very first days of Kosovo's drama of the dispossessed--a calculated atrocity that Slobodan Milosevic probably thinks of as his "exodus strategy"--the most amazing mantra began to be emitted from Washington. No cause for alarm, ran this chant. We expected some such thing. We even allowed for it. They did? Say what? "In the Pentagon, in this building, we were not surprised by what Milosevic has done. I think there is historical amnesia if anyone is surprised by this campaign." .....So now we know. Now we know why the border posts at the Albanian and Macedonian frontiers were so well stocked with piles of food, bottled water, disposable diapers and plastic sheeting. Now we know why airlifts of emergency medicine were on call round the clock...."

Chicago Tribune 4/39/99 Steve Chapman "...Torturing or killing innocents in order to further a political goal is normally regarded as terrorism. But deliberately and needlessly inflicting pain on the people of Serbia, while creating conditions that promise to spawn disease and death, is seen by NATO as a perfectly legitimate strategy...Last week, at least 10 employees were killed when allied warplanes blasted a most unmilitary target--the official state television station in Belgrade. Why? Because "it has filled the airwaves with...lies over the years," said a NATO spokesman. Well, so has Bill Clinton, but NATO hasn't fired any cruise missiles at the White House...."

4/29/99 AFP Freeper Thanatos "...Czech President Vaclav Havel said here Thursday that human rights supersede the rights of states and justify NATO's attack on the "genocidal regime" of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. In a wide-ranging address to a joint meeting of Canada's two houses of parliament, Havel said events of the past century were "gradually bringing the human race to the realization that the human being is more important than the state." ..."

4/28/99 AP Newsday Freeper Thanatos "...From the NATO jets streaking through the skies, to the armored personnel carriers rolling through the streets, to the refugees sobbing in the mud, Macedonia already has the look of a country at war. The real thing, its people fear, can't be far behind. Five weeks into the war next door -- over the Serb province of Kosovo -- Macedonia has taken in a NATO force larger than its own army. It has also seen an influx of Kosovo Albanians equal almost to a tenth of its population -- a flood that would be equivalent to the United States getting 20 million newcomers in a month...."

4/28/99 CRAIG R. WHITNEY NY Times "...The military commander of NATO acknowledged on Tuesday that five weeks of intensive allied bombing had failed to reduce the size of the Yugoslav force in Kosovo or its operations against Albanians there. Addressing a press briefing, Gen. Wesley Clark, NATO commander, insisted that the bombing had crippled the air defenses of the Yugoslav president, Slobodan Milosevic, and was gradually wearing away what Yugoslav army and police forces needed to carry on their attacks. But Clark said persistently unfavorable weather conditions had kept the bombing from having full effect on the forces on the ground in Kosovo. "He's bringing in reinforcements continually," Clark said of Milosevic. "If you actually added up what's there on any given day, you might actually find out that he's strengthened his forces in there. And that's going to be a phenomenon until we can further cut the lines of supply and go more intensively against his forces."..."

Wall Street Journal 4/28/99 Peter F. Krogh "...American foreign policy is in a shambles. The strike against Yugoslavia--so poorly advised and executed--may have the silver lining of illuminating that fact and summoning a course correction. We are seeking "regime change" in Serbia. When this is over, we may also need regime change at home. Take a moment to survey the dismal scene: The two most important--and unsettled--relationships this country has today are with Russia and China. If those could be got right, we would have relatively clear sailing. But both are deeply troubled. We have marginalized the Russians diplomatically, and called the shots on virtually every issue of importance to them...."

REUTERS 4/28/99 Zorana Vucicevic "....Frenzied peace efforts collided with reality on the ground Wednesday as a small Yugoslav town counted corpses from a stray NATO bomb. Officials in Surdulica, southeast Serbia, said they had pulled 20 bodies from the ruins of houses flattened by a NATO raid Tuesday. Sixteen corpses were laid out in the local morgue as angry residents denounced NATO with chants of "Fascists!" NATO said a laser-guided bomb had gone astray and hit a residential area during an attack on an army training center..... Diplomatic efforts gathered pace, centered chiefly on Moscow, as NATO entered the sixth week of ferocious aerial In Surdulica, a huge crater was all that remained of one house, where locals said 16 people, mainly children and the elderly, had been sheltering in a basement when two NATO missiles hit. ....NATO spokesman Jamie Shea told journalists at alliance headquarters in Brussels that the attack had destroyed an army training center, which was considered by NATO planners to be an operational military target. "During that attack, however, a precision guided weapon failed to guide accurately to its designated target and impacted some 200 to 300 meters (yards) beyond the barracks in a small residential area," Shea said...."

AP 4/28/99 "...The Yugoslav prime minister today dismissed a deputy premier who urged his government to compromise with NATO, state media said. The ouster came just three days after Deputy Premier Vuk Draskovic said the Serb leadership should recognize that ``we cannot defeat NATO'' and must respect the ``reality'' of facing a world united against it. A terse report by the Tanjug news agency said Prime Minister Momir Bulatovic sacked Draskovic from the government because of his ``public statements which were contrary to the government stands and jeopardizing the respect of the federal government.'' ..."

AFP 4/28/99 "...NATO admitted Wednesday that it had accidentally bombed a residential area in Surdulica in southern Serbia during an attack on an army barracks in the town. Serbian state television reported that at least 20 civilians died in the incident, the fifth serious bombing error to be admitted by the alliance since it launched its air campaign on March 24. Meanwhile Russia on Wednesday predicted an early end to the NATO campaign as Moscow became the centre of a diplomatic flurry aimed at solving the crisis over Kosovo province....In Washington, President Bill Clinton authorized the call-up of up to 33,000 reservists, as more US warplanes flew to Europe for an increasingly intense air campaign against Yugoslavia. The call-up, which will provide more pilots, mechanics and military specialists, comes after a request by NATO's supreme commander in Europe, General Wesley Clark, for some 300 additional aircraft for the NATO strike force...."

4/28/99 XINHUA Freeper Thanatos "...A large number of demonstrators Wednesday prevented the transportation by rail of 30 tanks and other military equipment from the northern Greek port city of Thessaloniki to NATO forces stationed in neighboring Macedonia. The demonstrators, believed to be Communist Party of Greece ( KKE) supporters and Greek Railways Organization (OSE) employees, stood on the railway line near the old railway station in the city, shouting slogans against the NATO bombing against Yugoslavia...."

Associated Press 4/28/99 "...Police tightened security in the Greek capital Wednesday after a deadly hotel bombing heightened fears that growing anti-NATO sentiment could lead to a wave of terror attacks. Fears also grew that 450 American soldiers based on the island of Crete could be targeted after local officials said they could no longer guarantee their safety. A time bomb exploded late Tuesday in an entrance of the Intercontinental Hotel, killing a Greek woman and injuring one other person. A shadowy terrorist group, Revolutionary Cells, claimed responsibility for the blast in a statement to a local newspaper, saying it was to protest NATO airstrikes against Yugoslavia. It said the hotel was targeted because an international financial conference was to be held there. It was the latest in a series of increasingly violent protests against NATO airstrikes and the U.S. role in the campaign against Yugoslavia...."

Electronic Telegraph 4/30/99 Hugo Gurdon Freeper Prince Charles "...WHILE British support for the war in Yugoslavia is increasing, support in America is plummeting. A poll showed that only 40 per cent of Americans, compared with 52 per cent a fortnight ago, would support a ground war...."

MSNBC 4/29/99 Jonathan Miller "...A convoy of multiple-launch rocket systems escorted by armored Bradley Fighting Vehicles has started moving toward the Albanian border with Kosovo, eyewitnesses told MSNBC. The witnesses told MSNBC that they observed the convoy of rocket launchers moving slowly up the main road to the north, accompanied by heavily armored troops...."

AP 4/29/99 Terence Hunt "...In the aftermath of stinging House votes, the White House is confronting deep congressional doubts over President Clinton's path in the Yugoslavia conflict. But the administration says Slobodan Milosevic should take no comfort - the airstrikes will continue despite bipartisan concerns on Capitol Hill. Clinton's lieutenants tried to deal with the congressional setback by making light of it, asserting that the House votes had sent such a muddled message that no one - including Milosevic - could understand it. "If there's a clear message in them, someone needs to explain it to me and to speak very slowly and to use small words, because I don't get it,'' spokesman Joe Lockhart said. Exposing sharp divisions about escalating U.S. involvement, the House voted 249 to 180 on Wednesday to bar funds for U.S. ground forces in the Balkans unless Congress first gives its approval. That was followed by a tie vote of 213 to 213 in which the House refused to support NATO airstrikes against Yugoslavia. In the background was Republican backing for doubling Clinton's request for $6 billion to pay for the conflict. Lockhart called it "a mixed message on all sides of this issue.'' But it was particularly striking that lawmakers refused to endorse an air war five weeks into the campaign with no end in sight. It was an unmistakable expression of lack of confidence in the policy of the commander in chief. Twenty-six Democrats broke from the president to vote against the bombing. The Republican leadership split; Speaker Dennis Hastert voted to support airstrikes while House GOP Whip Tom Delay led most Republicans in opposition...."

Rush Limbaugh Show 4/29/99 Freeper Newsman "..."I also believe," Gaffney concluded, "that the discovery of Wen Ho Lee and the legacy codes that bear upon national security," among "a series of cascading scandals and revelations that also bear upon national security," is why the White House is now at war against Kosovo. "Not only in the press and Congress, but in the polls the president discovered that he had to go to war with Slobodan Milosevic six years after many other opportunities presented themselves. And that, I think, suggests, from a man we know who is capable of wagging the dog, that is why we are in Serbia now - without a plan, without preparations, and without an exit strategy." ..."

South China Morning Post 4/27/99 Martin Walker "...Key figures in the Pentagon are asking the White House to consider a full-scale invasion of Serbia in which Nato would capture Belgrade, topple President Slobodan Milosevic and haul his regime before the International War Crimes Tribunal. The plan, divulged by a senior official in the Clinton administration, is by far the most extreme solution yet offered in the debate over whether to deploy ground troops in Kosovo...."

Stratfor 4/28/99 "...0221 GMT, 990428 Reports out of Albania indicate that Serb artillery, including 82 mm mortars and 120 mm cannons, began assaulting the towns of Padesh and Kamenice in Tropoja district of Albania around 1600 GMT on April 27, 1999...."

Stratfor 4/28/99 "...0055 GMT, 990428 On April 27, a British ship arrived in the Greek port of Salonika carrying 200 troop transporters and 320 troops. British military officials say that the troops will be deployed to Macedonia. Another 200 troops and more military vehicles, including 14 Challenger tanks, will arrive later in the week. The troops will join the 4,500 British troops already in Macedonia that are supposed to serve as a peace keeping force in the events of a diplomatic solution to the conflict...."

Stratfor 4/26/99 Freeper lyonesse "...On April 28, a Greek terrorist group known as Revolutionary Cel ls, claimed responsibility for an explosion in the Intercontinental Hotel in Athens. G reek police officials consider the Revolutionary Cells one of the most dangerous terro rist organizations in Greece. Greek police tightened security amid fears that g rowing protest over NATO bombings of Yugoslavia could lead to more terrorist attacks. In related matters, officials on Crete said that they can no longer guarantee the safety of th e 450 American military personnel stationed there. Municipalities on the island have said that American servicemen are no longer welcome there. Due to "the indignation of ou r compatriots, we inform the government ... that the American soldiers are undesirable in our region and we cannot guarantee their bodily integrity or anything else that may happe n,'' a statement said...."

ASSOCIATED PRESS 5/1/99 "...A NATO missile struck a civilian bus today on a bridge north of the Kosovo capital of Pristina, killing at least 23 people, state-run media and witnesses said. A rescue worker on the scene, who refused to give his name, claimed he had counted 39 bodies. The attack occurred in the village of Luzane about 12 miles north of the Kosovo capital Pristina.... "

Electronic Telegraph (UK) 5/2/99 Christina Lamb "...A NATO missile struck a passenger bus in Kosovo yesterday killing at least 60 people, according to Yugoslav television and news agencies. The missile slammed into the bus north of the capital, Pristina, cutting the vehicle in two and incinerating passengers. If confirmed as a civilian bus, the death toll would be one of the highest in the 39-day Nato air campaign. ..."

CBC 5/1/99 "...A NATO missile is believed to have struck a civilian bus in Kosovo killing at least 40 people -- 15 were children...However, casualties were reported in northern Montenegro where NATO bombs smashed into a bridge. Two girls, a man and a woman were killed and ten other people injured. The two girls, 10-year-old Olivera Maksimovic and Julijana Brudar, 12, were Serb refugees from Pristina...."

ABCNEWS.COM 5/2/99 Giles Elgood (Reuters) ".... NATO acknowledged its aircraft had hit a bus on a bridge on Saturday, but said the bridge north of the Kosovo capital Pristina was a supply route for Yugoslav military and special police. Serbian media put the death toll as high as 60...."

Reuters 5/1/99 Richard Meares "...Montenegro on Saturday condemned NATO's bombing of a bridge which killed at least four civilians, saying such attacks could enadenger its neutral stance and push it into Serbia's arms. Local officials in the mountain village of Murino near the Kosovo border said they had found parts of a body which could be a fifth victim of Friday's attack. Two girls of 10 and 12, a man and a woman were confirmed dead and at least six people were wounded. ``We as a government do not understand this, do not approve of it and strongly protest. We see it as an encouragement to Mr Slobodan Milosevic and his policies here,'' Deputy Prime Minister Dragisa Burzan told Reuters. ``We expect no such incidents will occur in the future here.'' ..."

New York Post 5/2/99 Steve Dunleavy "...JESSE Jackson won a place in history yesterday. Bill Clinton won a place in the Bozo Hall of Fame. And Slobodan Milosevic won the right for a place to sit alongside Amarillo Slim in the world poker championship in Vegas. The Rev. Jackson, of course, pulled off a brave coup and hit a righteous home run. He never pretended to be talking for the administration - how could he? Clinton, Madeleine Albright and Sandy Berger, the three mouseketeers, tried to scare the living daylights out of him and his gutsy God Squad. It's dangerous, he was told. We can't guarantee your safety. You might get bombed into the Stone Age, he was warned. Truth is, the three mouseketeers weren't too worried about Jackson, but were extremely worried about their own political derrieres. Simply put, they did not want Jackson to go just in case he succeeded where they have so miserably failed, not only with the three brave boys, but this whole morass of strategic bungling. Let us not take a sinew of sincerity away from the Rev. Jesse Jackson. He's not running for office. He's running for the welfare of others. But Milosevic, who can deal from the bottom of the deck better than Doc Holliday ever dreamed of, was quite happy to help Rev. Jackson in his mission. Now, of course, Milosevic can appear to the world as the God-fearing, family-oriented do-gooder while NATO looks like the Chainsaw Gang...."

New York Post 5/2/99 Steve Dunleavy "...The atrocities in Kosovo will continue and Milosevic will continue to blame NATO bombing for the misery of what's left of the poor Albanians. The great tragedy was that for the last five years internal opposition to Milosevic was overwhelming, and as usual, Clinton just called for another pizza. This unholy mess could have been averted a long time ago...."

Chicago Sun-Times 5/2/99 Robert Novak "...The surprisingly heavy Republican opposition in House votes Wednesday to the war against Yugoslavia followed closed door denunciations of President Clinton's policies earlier that day by two of the party's most eminent foreign-policy experts: Colin Powell and Lawrence Eagleburger. Powell, former national security adviser and former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told a breakfast meeting of GOP House members that he saw no national interest in the Yugoslav fighting. At best, he predicted, the United States will have to maintain a long, costly protectorate in Kosovo. Later, the full House Republican Conference heard former Secretary of State Eagleburger call the Kosovo war the most badly run U.S. operation in his long experience...."

The Guardian 5/2/99 Nick Thorpe "...'Our menfolk will die fighting to defend Yugoslavia if Nato invades,' said the soft-spoken Hungarian woman from Novi Sad. 'They have no other choice.' Speaking in a telephone interview, the woman, who cannot be named to protect her own safety, described life in her besieged city as a member of Yugoslavia's biggest ethnic minority, after the Albanians. 'We Hungarians feel a loyalty to our Serb neighbours and friends. We queue with them to get into the same air-raid shelters every evening,' she said. 'If they sacrifice their lives for this country, we can not leave them in the lurch.'..."

Reuters 5/1/99 "...A U.S. F-16 jet has been shot down over Serbia and its pilot was rescued after ejecting, a senior Clinton administration official said Sunday. It was the second U.S. war plane to be shot down over Yugoslavia since NATO began its air strikes against Serb forces on March 24...."

Reuters 5/1/99 "....NATO Secretary-General Javier Solana has said air strikes on Yugoslavia have entered their ``final phase'' and a diplomatic solution could be reached this month, a German weekly magazine reported on Saturday. In an interview with Der Spiegel magazine, Solana said the imminent deployment of the tank-busting U.S. Apache helicopters would help make the air campaign more effective. ``I cannot say exactly when this conflict will be finished, but we are achieving the goals of our air campaign,'' Solana said. ``As a result, we are indeed in the final phase.'' ..."

VESELIN TOSHKOV Associated Press Writer 5/1/99 "...Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic agreed today to release three American soldiers captured March 31, the state-run Tanjug news agency said. Tanjug said the three would be handed over to the Rev. Jesse Jackson as part of his ``peace effort.'' ``The president took the decision in support of Jesse Jackson's peace efforts,'' Tanjug said. ``We do not see them as enemies but victims of war and miltarism.''....Jackson also made a veiled plea to NATO to do something in return for the soldiers' release. ``It is a gesture that shouldn't go ignored,'' he said. The Clinton administration had not supported Jackson's mission, and has said the soldiers should be released without any conditions....."

FOX Newswire/Reuters 5/1/99 "...House Majority Leader Dick Armey said Saturday that Congress must be part of any decisions by President Clinton on the U.S. involvement in the conflict with Yugoslavia. Armey, on a visit to Albania at the head of a 19-member congressional delegation, said he had some concerns about the way in which the U.S.-led NATO mission was being planned and executed, but that he was convinced it would be successful. "This Congress wants to be, expects to be, a partner in the process of making these decisions,'' Armey, a Republican from Texas, told reporters against the backdrop of a U.S. Apache helicopter gunship at Tirana airport. Sheila Jackson-Lee, a Democrat from Texas, said: "There are some major decisions that will have to be made over the coming months. I am particularly interested in making sure these are informed decisions.'' ...." 5/1/99 "....1740 GMT, 990501 - On May 1, delegations from Russia and the U.S. ended two-day consultations on the Kosovo crisis in Vienna by issuing a joint report to be soon submitted to legislative bodies of both countries. The two sides agreed on the need to "settle the Kosovo crisis to the framework of the U. N. Charter and to ensure the leading role of the U. N. Security Council and its five permanent members. " ..." 5/1/99 "....1715 GMT, 990501 - Traditional May Day parades turned to anti-NATO demonstrations in several European cities. Several thousand people protested in front of the U.S. embassy in Athens. In the Greek city of Salonika, thousands marched on the port to block NATO shipments to neighboring Macedonia. In Turkey, 20,000 police officers were mobilized...."

Capitol Hill Blue 5/1/99 "...Led by Rep. Tom Campbell, R-Calif., a bipartisan group of 17 House members filed a lawsuit against President Clinton in U.S. District Court on Friday asserting that the military campaign against Yugoslavia violates the War Powers Act of 1973..... The legal action would seek a court ruling forcing Clinton to withdraw the troops from the region or seek a declaration of war from the Congress...."

AP Angela Charlton 5/1/99 "...Russia's special envoy for the Kosovo conflict said Saturday that there was a ``small chance'' for a political settlement after negotiations with Yugoslav and NATO leaders, and pledged to push ahead with mediation efforts..... ``There is a small chance (for a political agreement), it should be used and Russia will promote it,'' he told reporters. ...."

Electronic Telegraph (UK) 5/2/99 "...THE Chief of Defence Staff, General Sir Charles Guthrie, has said that progress in the Kosovo war has been "disappointing" and that Nato "had never really come together as a war machine", writes Andrew Gilligan....."

London Evening Standard 5/1/99 Gavin Cordon "...Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic tonight took Nato by surprise by announcing the release of the three American soldiers captured by a month ago. They have been handed over to US civil rights leader the Rev Jesse Jackson who has been in Belgrade on a mission to secure their release, the Tanjug news agency reported...."

Agence France-Presse 5/2/99 Freeper starlu "...Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic will not give in to NATO air strikes, Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov said in an interview published here Sunday. He warned that 200,000 ground troops and "many deaths" would be needed to make Milosevic surrender after the "first real war" in Europe since 1945...."

Fox Newswire/AP 5/2/99 "...NATO said Sunday a U.S. Marine Corps AV8B Harrier plane crashed in the Adriatic Sea Saturday while on a training mission for operations in the Balkans. The pilot was reported safety rescued. It was the second report of a crashed U.S. warplane in 24 hours operating over and around Yugoslavia. Hours earlier, the alliance said a U.S. F-16 fighter plane had gone down over western Serbia early Sunday. The pilot of the aircraft was rescued by allied forces. The pilot, who ejected from the plane, was back at an allied base undergoing medical examination, said officials at NATO's military headquarters in southern Belgium..... "

NY Times AP 5/2/99 "...Three U.S. soldiers held in captivity byYugoslav authorities for more than a month were released and left the country Sunday. Holding hands with U.S. civil rights leader Jesse Jackson, they walked into neighboring Croatia chanting ``Free at last, free at last, thank God Almighty, free at last!'' ..."

Fox News 5/02/99 "...A delegation of the U.S. Congress said Sunday it had secured the agreement of a team of senior Russian lawmakers and an adviser to Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic on a framework to resolve the Kosovo crisis. Congressman Curt Weldon told Reuters he was sure the accord, which was hammered out during two days of talks in Vienna and includes deployment of an armed international force in Kosovo - previously opposed by Belgrade - had Milosevic's support. Weldon, a Republican who led the delegation with Democrat Neil Abercrombie, said the framework stuck to NATO's five key demands while also taking account of Russian and Serbian concerns...."

Chicago Tribune 5/2/99 Steve Chapman Freeper starlu "...Insanity has been defined as doing the same thing over and over and expecting the results to change. After more than five weeks of intensive NATO bombing, the daily results have begun to take on a familiar look, with lots of wreckage and civilian casualties on the ground and no improvement whatsoever in the plight of Kosovo's people. The Clinton administration says it will keep up the air war until Slobodan Milosevic gives way, but his ability to endure punishment seems to be a perfect complement to our capacity to inflict it. We may soon reach the stage where the only effect of more airstrikes is to rearrange the rubble left by previous airstrikes...." 5/2/99 "...2050 GMT, 990502 - According to reports from Yugoslavia, NATO air strikes have hit the Nikola Tesla electric power station in Obrenovac, knocking out electricity and water pumping capabilities. There are unconfirmed reports of widespread power outages. ..." 5/2/99 "...2018 GMT, 990502 - U.S. Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott told CNN today that it was "time to give peace a chance." He said that there appears to be an opportunity at this point to generate some momentum toward peace and that the United States should take advantage of it. Lott cited Clinton's call for "words, not weapons" in the Colorado High School massacre case, and urged him to heed his own advice...." 5/2/99 "...1956 GMT, 990502 - U.S. State Department spokesman James Rubin insisted today that NATO forces must be at the core of any peacekeeping force in Kosovo. Rubin said that with three million Albanians displaced, "They're not going to go back to their homes after suffering these atrocities if a bunch of Ukrainians are running around with guns." There has been no response reported from the Ukrainian government...."

Stratfor 5/2/99 "...2010 GMT , 990502 - Rubin's Casual Insult of Ukraine has Serious Implications ...Viktor Chernomyrdin is due in Washington tomorrow. He is carrying a letter from Boris Yeltsin and the results of several days of discussion in Bonn, Rome and Belgrade. He clearly has a proposal to make for a non-NATO armed security force. Washington, along with the UK, is the main holdout on this deal. The United States gave its response today with James Rubin's extraordinary statement that a "bunch of armed Ukrainians" would not be able to provide security.... What is absolutely stunning here is the utter contempt with which Rubin is treating the Ukrainians. An independent Ukraine is absolutely indispensable to the United States if it expects to prevent the reemergence of an integrated CIS under Moscow's domination. Ukraine is in the midst of its own domestic crisis focusing on just how close it should draw to Russia and how much it should depend on the United States. Rubin's contemptuous dismissal of Ukraine was not only gratuitous but also dangerous in the current context of affairs in Kiev....." 5/2/99 "...1845 GMT, 990502 - After visiting the largest refugee camp in Macedonia, UN Human Rights chief Mary Robinson told reporters that she would investigate human rights abuses committed by Serbs against ethnic Albanians in Kosovo. "I am going to gather the accounts of human rights abuses and try to verify them,'' Robinson told reporters....." 5/2/99 "...1840 GMT, 990502 - NATO spokesman Jamie Shea told reporters on May 2 that it is the decision of the US as to whether it will release the two Yugoslav soldiers it is holding. Reporters asked Shea if NATO would release the two Yugoslavs as a reciprocal gesture after Yugoslavia released the three US soldiers on May 2. "They are in the hands of the U.S. authorities and so it's up to the U.S. authorities to determine what they want to do. I'm afraid I don't have anything on that for you yet,'' he replied....." 5/2/99 "...1830 GMT, 990502 - The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) is quietly recruiting new members in refugee camps in Macedonia. KLA recruiters know that their recruiting activities would anger Macedonia, and recruits know that they would be arrested, so they maintain a low profile. Macedonia worries that KLA recruiting could upset the ethnic peace that now exists in Macedonia. Macedonia is home to a large group of ethnic Albanians that may decide to join their neighbors in demanding autonomy. ..."

Fox Newswire/AP 5/2/99Doug Mellgren "...When the U.S. Army's fearsome Apache helicopters swoop in on the attack, their blazing guns and rockets are only a glimpse of the technological arsenal mobilized to assault the enemy. "It is a very detailed and methodical process.... A "deep operation'' over enemy territory follows intensive intelligence gathering, then coordinating the Apaches with support helicopters, preparatory barrages by mobile rocket units, U.S. Air Force fighters providing air cover and rescue aircraft standing by for emergencies. "This is a considered and deliberate process, with planning and rehearsing prior to execution by a group of trained professionals,'' Hennes said...."

PRNewswire 5/2/99 Freeper Brian Mosely "...With some 820,000 internally displaced people inside Kosovo, many, if not most, corralled into pockets by Serb security forces and "largely cut off from any sources of food or supplies," the threat of starvation is looming, according to NATO military chief Wesley Clark. Jennifer Leaning of the group Physicians for Human Rights is much more blunt: "Mass death may be imminent." ..."

The Pioneer 5/3/99 "....The Pope John Paul II on Sunday raised his voice again for the end of warfare in Yugoslavia and for more action to help refugees fleeing atrocities......With his plea being televised worldwide on the occasion of his beatification earlier in the day of Padre Pio, the Italian mystic and monk, John Paul pushed his campaign for a peaceful end of the conflict. "With deep sorrow and concern, my thought returns today to nearby Yugoslavia, and my affection embraces all those who cry, suffer and die there," Pope John Paul said, addressing tens of thousands of faithful in St. John at Lateran Square, the expanse set aside for Padre Pio supporters who found no room in St. Peter's Square, jammed with other devotees. "Again I raise my voice to plead, in the name of God, so that man's abuse of man cease, instruments of destruction and of death be still, and every possible channel be activated to help those forced to abandon their own land in the midst of indescribable atrocities," Pope John Paul added...."

The Washington Times 5/4/99 Jerry Seper "...Some members of the Kosovo Liberation Army, which has financed its war effort through the sale of heroin, were trained in terrorist camps run by international fugitive Osama bin Laden -- who is wanted in the 1998 bombing of two U.S. embassies in Africa that killed 224 persons, including 12 Americans. The KLA members, embraced by the Clinton administration in NATO's 41-day bombing campaign to bring Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic to the bargaining table, were trained in secret camps in Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina and elsewhere, according to newly obtained intelligence reports. The reports also show that the KLA has enlisted Islamic terrorists -- members of the Mujahideen --as soldiers in its ongoing conflict against Serbia, and that many already have been smuggled into Kosovo to join the fight.....Jane's International Defense Review, a highly respected British Journal, reported in February that documents found last year on the body of a KLA member showed that he had escorted several volunteers into Kosovo, including more than a dozen Saudi Arabians. Each volunteer carried a passport identifying him as a Macedonian Albanian.....Last year, while State Department officials labeled the KLA a terrorist organization, saying it bankrolled its operations with proceeds from the heroin trade and from loans from known terrorists like bin Laden, the department listed the group as an "insurgency" organization in its official reports. The officials charged that the KLA used terrorist tactics to assault Serbian and ethnic Albanian civilians in a campaign to achieve independence....."

New York Times 5/3/99 Willim Safire "....Congress is not only ambivalent about buying into "Clinton's War," it is also of two minds about being ambivalent. That is because the war to make Kosovo safe for Kosovars is a war without an entrance strategy. By its unwillingness to enter Serbian territory to stop the killing at the start, NATO conceded defeat. The bombing is simply intended to coerce the Serbian leader to give up at the negotiating table all he has won on the killing field. He won't. He will make a deal. By urging that Russia be the broker, Clinton knows he can do no better than compromise with criminality. That means we are not fighting to win but are merely punishing to settle. Small wonder that no majority has formed in Congress to adopt the McCain-Biden resolution giving the President authority to use "all necessary force" to achieve a clear victory. Few want to go out on a limb for Clinton knowing that he is preparing to saw that limb off behind them...."

AP 5/2/99 "...President Clinton said today he is pleased by Yugoslavia's release of three U.S. soldiers, but he reaffirmed NATO's resolve to continue airstrikes against Serb forces until they leave Kosovo.... Jackson suggested Clinton should not ``miss this moment'' for possible diplomacy and should call for a pause in the NATO airstrikes to negotiate an end to the conflict over Kosovo. Jackson met Saturday with Milosevic and was carrying a letter from the Yugoslav president, seeking a meeting with Clinton. ``We should not miss this moment of opportunity,'' Jackson said today on NBC...."

The Hindustan Times 5/3/99 Prem Shankar Jha Freeper lyonesse "......For the tragedy is only partly of the Serbian government?s making. A larger part , perhaps even the lion?s share of the blame rests with NATO. The decision to bomb Serbia and Serb forces in Kosovo rests on a mind-boggling error in perception: NATO?s failure to recognise that the mounting violence in Kosovo originated in an armed insurrection by a secessionist movement, and not in a brutal ethnic cleansing operation launched upon an innocent civilian population by a barbaric, hyper-nationalist Serbian State. ... The US in particular has persistently confused Kosovo with Bosnia, and Milosevic with Karadzic. It has persistently ignored the fact that Bosnia was a republic that had joined the Yugolav federation, whereas Kosovo was a part, albeit until 1989 an autonomous part, of Serbia...."

The London Times 5/3/99 William Rees-Mogg "...A war run by former pacifists for idealistic reasons, and conditioned by the study of public opinion polls, is likely to be even more disastrous than wars usually are. War is not an optional extra of diplomatic policy, or a gesture of irritation at being unable to impose one's own power. It should never be resorted to except under absolute necessity; neither necessity nor common prudence dictated the Nato bombing of Yugoslavia which has already produced the humanitarian catastrophe it was intended to prevent. Least of all is war a good way of making peace....."

The Nation 5/17/99 CHRISTOPHER HITCHENS "...Every now and then it really happens. A "military spokesman" emerges to prove that Joseph Heller was a realist, and Catch-22 a work of reportorial integrity. Right in the middle of the "Military Analysis" column in the New York Times: Indeed, Pentagon and NATO officials have even mused that the complete expulsion of Albanians from Kosovo would give the alliance a big military advantage. "There would be Serb troops primarily left, and we would be able to attack them with more precision and more concentration," a Pentagon spokesman, Kenneth H. Bacon, said recently. Even the name of the spokesman seemed right somehow: Pork-barreled to the roots of his tight and curly tail, the porcine propagandist squeals the inadvertent truth. Throw all the pesky civilians out to make a new life on the rubbish-tips of neighboring lands (it was this same Bacon who instructed us earlier that the mass expulsion had been foreseen and, so to speak, factored in), and we can have our ultimate wargasm--a free-fire zone and a clear field of bombardment. What's the frequency, Kenneth? In a Catch-22 scenario, as well as in the abjectly real world, this would also help insure that the Kosovar refugees had nowhere to go home to.... "

The Irish Times 5/3/99 Denis Staunton "....Germany's former finance minister, Mr Oskar Lafontaine, made a dramatic return to the political stage on Saturday with a biting attack on NATO's military campaign against Yugoslavia. Speaking at a May Day rally in his home town of Saarbrücken, the former minister condemned the campaign as ill-conceived and called for an immediate halt to air strikes...."

Reuters Philippa Fletcher 5/2/99 "... Serbia was plunged into darkness on Sunday night after NATO warplanes hit facilities at a key power plant west of Belgrade, residents and local radio said. "This is the worst that could happen," said one frightened woman pensioner in Belgrade. Residents and local media said power was out from Nis in the south to Sombor near the Hungarian border in the north, affecting millions of people...."

STRATFOR 5/3/99 "...Whether in a week or a month, the Kosovo crisis is drawing to a close. The basic outlines of the settlement are already visible. The question now is what the world will look like afterwards. We expect a much more sober, cautious, and even mildly isolationist U.S., facing the fact that tremendous power is not the same as omnipotence. We see a dramatic decline in European confidence in American leadership. Germany was particularly concerned about Russia's reactions and is likely to concentrate on maintaining its relations with Moscow independent of NATO's decisions. The big winner was Russia, a country that got money, respect, and the position of honest broker. The most extraordinary outcome of Bill Clinton's Kosovo adventure was that it turned Boris Yeltsin into a statesman, with his representative, Chernomyrdin, taken more seriously in Bonn and Rome than Clinton's Strobe Talbott. That was no small feat for the Clinton foreign policy team...."

American Spectator 5/3/99 Wlady Pleszczynski "...It spoke volumes about the state of U.S. foreign policy that Jesse Jackson's injecting himself into it represented an improvement. Just a few months ago he was providing comfort to the U.S. president's young daughter. Now he's been photographed praying with the man her father compares to Adolf Hitler. What's the poor girl supposed to think now? At least the Belgrade Three are free and reunited with their families..... "

AFP 5/3/99 Freeper antiwar republican "...A bus was hit in a NATO air raid on northwest Kosovo Monday, according to a Serb source, and an examining magistrate said at least 17 people were killed and 20 injured. The vehicle and two cars were hit around noon (1000 GMT) by a missile near Savine Vode, between the Kosovo town of Pec and the border to the Yugoslav republic of Montenegro, according to the Serbian information center in Pristina, the capital of Kosovo. NATO warplanes continued to bomb the area in early afternoon, preventing rescuers from reaching the bus, the center added. The examining magistrate told AFP the strike killed at least 17 people and left 20 injured, and he had seen a number of corpses himself. Forty-seven bus passengers died Saturday in the bombing by NATO of a bridge in Kosovo, according to Serbian Health Minister Leposava Milicevic...."

THE REAGAN INFORMATION INTERCHANGE 5/3/99 Mary Mostert "... I obviously have underestimated the depravity of Bill Clinton. Jesse Jackson and I had much the same idea. I had suggested that Slobodan Milosevic release the POWs for Serbian Orthodox Easter, as a goodwill gesture and I believed that Bill Clinton, who professes to be a "Christian" would find it very difficult to continue the slaughter. Instead, he responded to the gesture by Milosevic by bombing a busload of civilians, blowing most of them up into such small pieces they cannot be identified, and trying to wipe out all electrical power in Yugoslavia. On top of that the Serbian Chemical Society reported that "The destruction of chemical industry plants resulted in the release of hundreds of thousands of tons of highly toxic, teratogenic and carcinogenic chemicals, which are used to produce fertilizers, plastics and petroleum derivatives. These include chlorine, mercury, hydrocarbons, ammonia, nitrogen and sulphur oxides, phosphorous compounds and hydrogen halides, released in the atmosphere and the rivers following the bombing. The destruction of a fertilizer-producing plant in the town of Pancevo caused a release of vast amounts of sulphur and nitrogen oxides: acid rain, which began to fall soon afterwards, covered broad agricultural area on both sides of the Danube. The most recent destruction of the electric power relay stations led to the release of the highly toxic chemical piralen." ...This is protecting the environment? ..."

Providence Journal 5/3/99 Mackubin Thomas Owens "....IN HIS OFT-CITED but little read book, On War, the 19th Century Prussian Army officer Carl Von Clausewitz wrote that "the first, the supreme, the most far-reaching act of judgement that the statesman and commander have to make is to establish . . . the kind of war on which they are embarking; neither mistaking it for, nor trying to turn it into, something that is alien to its nature. This is the first of all strategic questions and the most comprehensive." Failure to adhere to this principle was President Johnson's downfall in Vietnam. The same fate may await President Clinton in the Balkans. Just as Johnson mistook the character of North Vietnam and the relative saliency of U.S. and North Vietnamese interests, President Clinton has substantially underestimated the staying power of Slobodan Milosevic, an adversary who has demonstrated a penchant for exploiting our own weaknesses and divisions. Most importantly, NATO has pursued a strategy that creates a mismatch between the goals it desires to achieve and the means that it is bringing to bear. The justification for undertaking military action against Serbia was to force an end to the regime's killing or expulsion of ethnic Albanians from Kosovo...."

STRATFOR - KOSOVO CRISIS CENTER 5/3/99 Freeper khatch "...1715 GMT, 990503 - Brigadier General Bjorn Karlsson of the regional stabilization unit of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) said that the Bosnian Serb military will probably not get involved in the Kosovo conflict. Karlsson did say that there is a possibility that individual Serb officers may decide to assist their ethnic brothers in Serbia. However, another European officer said that if the conflict moves to a ground war that might change things. Colonel Carsten Cederbye, commander of the Danish battalion of the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Bosnia, said that a ground offensive in Kosovo could cause the conflict to spread outside of Kosovo and into Bosnia. "If there is a ground is quite possible that the Serbs in Bosnia think they should take part,'' Cederbye said. ..."

STRATFOR - KOSOVO CRISIS CENTER 5/3/99 Freeper khatch "...1655 GMT, 990503 - Montenegro's pro-Serbian opposition party said on May 3 that Montenegro should stand with Serbia, and not blame the federal government for the NATO bombings. "It is unacceptable that the government of Montenegro has still not condemned the aggression on its country but instead blames the federal government,'' Predrag Bulatovic, deputy leader of the Socialist People's Party (SNP), told a news conference. The coalition government and the SNP are at odds over which side to back in the Kosovo crisis. The SNP has called for the Montenegrin police to be put under the command of the Yugoslav police, for wartime restrictions on the media, and for the Montenegrin government to adhere to central government policies...."

STRATFOR - KOSOVO CRISIS CENTER 5/3/99 Freeper khatch "...1645 GMT, 990503 - Hungary announced on May 3 that it is joining a European Union (EU) oil embargo against Yugoslavia. Hungary said it will ban the transfer of the full spectrum of petroleum products listed by the EU. "As of today Hungary has officially joined the European Union's oil embargo against Yugoslavia,'' Peter Balas, deputy state secretary at the Economics Ministry told a news conference...." 5/3/99 "...1800 GMT, 990503 - As night begins to fall in Serbia, only about 20 percent of Belgrade has power. Yugoslav engineers worked throughout the day on May 3 to restore power to the country after NATO strikes knocked out 70 percent of Serbia's power. Power in Belgrade has been sporadic, with a citywide outage in the afternoon after engineers had restored some of the city's power. ..." 5/3/99 "...1750 GMT, 990503 - After undergoing a medical examination, it was announced on May 3 that the three US soldiers released this weekend were probably mistreated by their Yugoslav captors. Major General David Grange, commander of the soldiers' unit, said "I don't think that all the treatment was well. Some of them were poorly treated at the beginning but that will be determined.'' According to tests run by doctors, Christopher Stone had his nose broken recently, and Andrew Ramirez suffered from two broken ribs. Both injuries are healing, but the injuries showed up in x-rays. Additionally, Ramirez's right leg was swollen, but he doesn't remember how that happened. Doctors cannot medically determine at this point exactly when the injuries occurred, but did say the injuries were recent...."

Associated Press 5/3/99 Aleksandar Vasovic "...At the Institute for Prematurely Born Infants, anxious nurses shuttled from bed to bed Monday, hoping backup generators would keep their tiny patients warm and supplied with enough oxygen to stay alive. A power outage caused by NATO airstrikes in the Yugoslav capital is threatening the survival of about 70 babies in the institute, the only hospital for premature infants in Yugoslavia...."

Reuters 5/3/99 "....President Clinton for the first time Monday suggested he would accept a pause in the NATO air campaign but reiterated Yugoslavia would first have to accept NATO's basic demands. Clinton told a news conference a pause could be considered if it would help stop repression in Kosovo. ``We can have a bombing pause, if it's clear that it will be in aid of that larger purpose,'' he said, without budging from the basic demand that Yugoslavia first begin withdrawing its troops from Kosovo....."

FOX Newswire/AP 5/3/99 Sonya Ross "...Jesse Jackson returned from Yugoslavia on Monday urging President Clinton to resist the temptation to "demonize'' Slobodan Milosevic and to make some type of goodwill overture toward the Yugoslav president in the interest of peace. Clinton said he was grateful Jackson had brokered the release of three captive American soldiers, but he said NATO airstrikes on Belgrade would not stop unless Milosevic meets NATO's demands on Kosovo...."

Reuters 5/3/99 Richard Meares "...Montenegro, wedded to Serbia but refusing to obey it, had seen its own army as the main threat to its stability but is now worried NATO might turn out to be the real danger. The tiny republic's leaders, traitors in Serbia's eyes for refusing to support its conflict with NATO and for condemning the emptying of Kosovo, say civilian deaths from NATO bombs and an oil embargo are bitter rewards for staying out of the war. The pro-Western government in the Yugoslav republic, closely tied by blood and history to Serbia, has only a slim majority...."

UPI 5/3/99 "....President Clinton said he must have "clear and unambiguous evidence" that a withdrawal of Serb forces from Kosovo is under way before he will consider a pause in the NATO bombing campaign..... "There's room for discussion, within limits, about who's in this force and all of that," said Clinton. "I am not trying to drag this out. But I am determined to pursue our policy until we know that we have a chance to do what has to be done in order for this to work as a practical matter, and in order, finally, to clearly and unambiguously reverse the policy of ethnic and religious cleansing."..."

American Enterprise Institute 4/29/99 Michael Ledeen "...NEVER MIND ALL THE FACILE TALK about ground forces, as if this were the siege of Stalingrad. Were we serious about improving the lot of the hundreds of thousands of miserable people either massacred by the Serb mobile killing units or fleeing the Serbs toward Albania and Macedonia, we would have sent our superb Special Forces into Kosovo to hunt and destroy the killers. Indeed, this is a textbook mission for the Special Forces. They are well prepared for it, and our NATO allies have excellent units as well..... President Clinton has not sent American fighters to defeat Slobodan Milosevic, any more than he deployed our armed forces to defeat Saddam Hussein or the Somali warlords. Clinton has run from real warfare all his life. Although he has deployed more troops than any American president since the end of World War II, he has used military power to enhance his own political appeal, not to advance American interests or to decisively defeat American enemies. His overriding concern has been to avoid direct military engagement, prevent American casualties, prisoners, and hostages, guarantee that no American aircraft would be shot down (thus the cruise missile as the weapon of choice) and emerge as an amiable peacemaker. In Clinton's mind, American soldiers are not waging war, they are spreading peace, enabling him to breezily deny that the Serbs had the right to capture American soldiers, even as American bombs rained down on Belgrade.,,,,Like Clinton, "when these indolent princes or effeminate republics send a general with an army into the field, the wisest order they think they can give him is never to risk a battle, and above all things avoid a general action . . . ." And like Clinton, their fecklessness on the battlefield is intimately linked to their own personal corruption and self-indulgence...."

ABC News Freeper Ymani Cricket 5/3/99 "...It was just reported on ABC News carried by 550KSD St. Louis Radio that indeed an A-10 (warthog) was hit by serb artillery. It was reoprted to have "limped" back to base. ABC also reported that NATO is now admitting that a second F-117A had been hit. There were reportedly 12 holes in the body and tail end of the plane. An SA-2 anti-aircraft missile exploded just outside the cockpit. The F-117 Stealth lost all its radios...."

NY Times 5/3/99 AP "... ``Those little steps in the right direction can spare all of us a long and bloody war,'' Jackson said. ``We have the right not to talk. ... To not talk is not the right thing to do. To not exchange prisoners is not the right thing to do. We are strong enough to express courtesy.'' ...." 5/3/99 "...0150 GMT, 990504 - The Deutsche Presse-Agentur quoted Pentagon spokesman Major General Charles Wald on May 3 as saying that U.S. Air Force A-10 Warthogs are actively using depleted uranium (DU) munitions in Operation Allied Force...."

Washington Times 5/4/99 Bill Sammon "...President Clinton yesterday softened his demands for a Kosovo agreement, saying the composition of a peacekeeping force is "subject to negotiation" and emphasizing he is not seeking "total victory" in the conflict. Mr. Clinton also invited the United Nations to give its imprimatur to a peacekeeping force that the White House once insisted be led by NATO or at least have NATO at its core. Yesterday, the president allowed for a "security force in which NATO plays a role." The new flexibility by Mr. Clinton, who has generally taken a much harder line on Kosovo, came as the White House intensified efforts to find a diplomatic solution that would allow Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic a face-saving out...."

The Washington Times 5/4/99 Wesley Pruden "...Bill Clinton's in a pickle. He needs help. Slobodan Milosevic was Hitler only a few days ago, but now he's acting nicer and it's becoming clear that Milosevic is the man NATO and the U.S. will negotiate a settlement with. But how can you negotiate a settlement with Hitler?..... The prospect of sending infantry to Kosovo, one of the goofiest ideas to float down the Potomac in years, is clearly fading. The Rev. Jesse Jackson has never met a despot he couldn't turn into a photo op. If he could have taken a CNN film crew to Calvary he would have tried to rehabilitate Pontius Pilate on the afternoon of the third day. But thanks to Jesse suddenly it's easier for President Clinton to make the U-turn with tolerable embarrassment. Right on cue, Mr. Clinton for the first time yesterday afternoon suggested that he might agree to a bombing pause. He seemed to have been studying Lyndon Johnson's transcripts to get the wording just right: "We can have a bombing pause, if it's clear that it will be in aid of [a] larger purpose." When someone asked about a diplomatic solution, he recycled another of LBJ's mantras from the Vietnam War. Said Mr. Clinton: "There's plenty to talk about, to work on for, to engage not only the Serbs but the other people in southeastern Europe." ..."

WorldNetDaily 5/4/99 Linda Bowles "...It was a time of joy and thanksgiving when Jesse Jackson won the release of three American prisoners -- but we will never have victory in Yugoslavia. If today, Slobodan Milosevic waved the white flag of surrender and ceded to our every demand, we have suffered a great defeat. If the Serb troops are pulled out of Kosovo, all forms of "ethnic cleansing" are halted, and an armed international peacekeeping force is allowed to escort refugees back into Kosovo and protect them for an indefinite period of time, we will be the losers. It is too late for victory. If we had been victorious, ethnic cleansing would have been prevented, hundreds of thousands of Kosovars would never have been forced out of their homes and all the nations in the area would have a sense that their borders were secure and an impending crisis had been averted. Every problem we sought to solve with bombs and missiles has been made significantly worse. We have not stopped one rape, one murder or one atrocity. We have converted what had been a minor civil war in a small corner of Europe into a major international crisis...." 5/4/99 1905 GMT, 990504 "...Russian Defense Minister Igor Sergeyev on Tuesday laid out Moscow's position on an international presence in Kosovo - in the process apparently making concessions that may be crucial to breaking the deadlock in negotiations. Speaking at a meeting of the Nordic Defense Council in Stavanger, Norway, Sergeyev said that, "The situation in the Balkans has deteriorated to the point where it will not be possible to solve the problem of Kosovo without an international presence, including a military one." Concession one: Russia now agrees that the UN presence in Kosovo must involve armed peacekeepers, not unarmed observers...."

Reuters 5/4/99 John Whitesides Freeper tellw "...A divided U.S. Senate, uncertain how it wants to proceed on the Kosovo crisis, killed a measure Tuesday that would have allowed President Clinton to use ``all necessary force'' in the conflict. The Senate voted 78-22 to shelve the resolution, which would have authorized the president to use ground troops or other means to accomplish the NATO objectives in Yugoslavia...."

Agence France-Presse 5/4/99 Freeper tellw "...The destruction of a bus during a NATO raid Monday, said to have caused at least 17 deaths, would -- if confirmed -- be the seventh fatal error by NATO since it began its campaign, and the second attack on a bus in three days..."

Reuters 5/4/99 Angelos Kiosklis "... Ask a Greek investor to name the winner of the Yugoslav war and the answer will be neither NATO nor the Serbs, but the Athens bourse's construction sector. After the initial shock of the war, which hit Greece's economy with higher transportation costs, construction company stocks have soared on hopes of participating in Yugoslavia's post-war reconstruction. ``Investors are now pricing in the war's perceived future gains, casting aside their recent assessments of an adverse impact on the local economy,'' said Costas Xenos, head of equity research at Egnatia Securities. With NATO aircraft campaign targeting bridges, roads, airports, refineries, power plants, telecoms and broadcasting facilities, factories and government buildings, Yugoslavian infrastructure will need extensive repairs. ``Some large construction groups with an international orientation and links with Yugoslav engineering firms are the prime candidates for the reconstruction business,'' said Joanna Telioudi, head of equity research at Midland-Pantelakis Securities. ``But I think Greek cement producers are the safest bet. There's less risk than trying to pick the winners in the construction sector.'' ..."

AP 5/4/99 Barry Schweid "...President Clinton is considering ordering the return of two captured Serb soldiers to Yugoslavia after the release of three U.S. POWs, a White House aide said Tuesday night. Senior administration officials were reviewing the idea Tuesday night as Clinton was en route to Europe to get an update from NATO commanders on their airstrikes against Yugoslavia and meet with the American troops carrying them out. White House national security spokesman David Leavy said Clinton has asked Defense Secretary William Cohen to review the question of releasing the two Serb soldiers...."

THE INDIAN EXPRESS 5/5/99 BG Verghese "...America's NATO war against Yugoslavia gets uglier by the day. Among the latest acts has been censorship by bombing -- the destruction of the main television facility in Belgrade, killing several employees in a bid to end Serbia's ``propaganda war''. But what is it that the carefully controlled NATO and Pentagon briefings carried live on CNN and BBC World are doing if not putting out its brief? So NATO has a ``right'' to bomb Yugoslavia and a further right to bomb Yugoslav TV for telling its people and the world its side of the story: Ibrahim Rugova, the moderate Kosovo Albanian leader coming back from NATO's dead; ``collateral damage'' from a train that was bombed; and more collateral damage to Kosovo refugees and civilian convoys on at least three occasions -- all initially denied till put out on Belgrade TV...."

Brussels, Belgium, (AP) 5/5/99 AP "...An U.S. Apache helicopter crashed Wednesday while on a training mission near the Albanian capital, killing two crew members, U.S. European Command said. The AH-64 helicopter went down at 1:30 a.m. local time 47 miles northeast of the Tirana airport, the command said in a statement issued in Stuttgart, Germany. Spokesmen at the NATO office in Brussels said the crash site was within Albania's borders, near Macedonia and Yugoslavia. The European Command statement said there were no initial indications of hostile fire and the cause of the crash was under investigation. The identification of the crewmen was withheld pending notification of next of kin. ``The aircraft was conducting a training mission in support of Operation Allied Force,'' the command said. This was the second crash of an Apache in two weeks. Last week, another helicopter gunship went down in flames, also while on a training mission in Albania. Its crewmen escaped with cuts and bruises. On Saturday, two U.S. warplanes operating over and around Yugoslavia went down. A U.S. Marine Corps AV8B Harrier plane crashed in the Adriatic Sea while on a training mission for operations in the Balkans. The pilot was reported safely rescued. Hours earlier, a U.S. F-16 fighter plane had gone down over western Serbia..."

International Strategic Studies Association 5/4/99 Gregory Copley www.strategic "..."So when it appeared that a massive exodus was occurring as a result of the bombing (aided by the actions of the KLA and, presumably, some by-now angered Serbian paramilitary groups), it was clear to the Yugoslav Government that the problem was enormous. "We do not want Kosovo emptied of people," many Yugoslavs have told me in different ways, "even though there is now much anger between the Serbs and the Albanians, who each blame the other for the bombing and the terror." So Yugoslavia attempted during the first 30 days of the bombing to close the Albanian and Macedonian borders, in order to persuade Kosovars to return to their homes..."

AP 5/5/99 Robert Burns "...By temporarily cutting off electricity to millions of Serb civilians, NATO hopes to increase the psychological strain on a civilian population that after 42 days of bombardment has remained mostly defiant. ``We are able to turn off and on the light switch in Belgrade, and hopefully also to thereby turn the lights on in the heads and minds of the Belgrade leadership,'' NATO spokesman Jamie Shea said Tuesday. It is part of tightening the ``noose,'' as the senior NATO commander, Gen. Wesley Clark, put it after the recent NATO summit, where leaders gave the go-ahead to use special cluster bombs that disperse carbon filaments across wires that conduct electricity, thereby short-circuiting the transformers..... ``It does have a psychological effect, but unfortunately it has the reverse psychological effect: giving the people of Yugoslavia a sense of victimization, that they are the unjust targets of NATO bombing,'' said William Arkin, a military specialist who studied U.S. bombing in the 1991 Gulf War....."

L.A.Times 5/5/99 Paul Richter Freeper Lonnie "...Carrying the allied air war to the innermost sanctuaries of the Yugoslav leadership, NATO warplanes have begun bombing a labyrinthine network of underground command bunkers with munitions designed to destroy the most well-protected targets..."

San Diego Union-Tribune 5/4/99 Arianna Huffington Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...Let us now praise two very different men who last week single-handedly changed the dynamic of the war over Kosovo. The Rev. Jesse Jackson and Rep. Tom Campbell, R-San Jose, reminded us of the power of leadership to create new realities. When Jackson announced he would be leading a humanitarian delegation to Belgrade to secure the release of the three American POWs, the Clinton administration tried to stop the free-lance mission. National Security Adviser Sandy Berger even claimed that the visit could end up prolonging the war. On Saturday night, as news that Jackson's mission had been successful surged through Washington, it was hard to find any administration officials at the White House Correspondents' Dinner willing to celebrate. ..."

USA Today 5/5/99 Tom DeLay Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...To some in the media, the House votes last week on Kosovo "made no sense." However, if you look at the votes free of political spin, they make perfect sense. Here is what the House said: The House voted no on a declaration of war for various reasons, including the position that this is a NATO mission.....The House voted not to withdraw completely because many felt that this option was a bit haphazard given the current The House voted to support legislation that would require President Clinton to get congressional approval before committing ground troops because he is not a king....."

Wall Street Journal 5/5/99 Thomas E. Ricks and Carla Anne Robbins Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...NATO's top military strategists have prepared a plan that, if implemented, would send 60,000 ground combat troops into Kosovo by midsummer -- about one-third of them American -- to take over the province from retreating Yugoslav forces. The "concept of operations," which allied commander U.S. Army Gen. Wesley Clark is expected to discuss with President Clinton in Brussels Wednesday, isn't a plan for a combat invasion of Kosovo, where 40,000 Yugolsav troops are dug in. Instead, it is an overview of how a "semi-permissive" entry by North Atlantic Treaty Organization troops would be executed once alliance bombing has either shattered Belgrade's political will to continue the war or the Yugoslav military's ability to fight on the ground...."

UPI 5/05/99 "...The London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies says NATO's handling of the Kosovo crisis has ignored basic principles of warfare and was rooted in diplomatic error. The institute is among the world's leading defense think tanks. .... Speaking today to Sky News, institute director John Chipman said the problem was rooted in NATO failure to back up diplomacy with a credible threat of force. He said NATO then erred by diluting the impact of airstrikes by desperately trying to avoid casualties. Such tactics added up to what Chipman called "strategic correctness." According to the institute report, apparent NATO reluctance to use ground forces in Kosovo provoked Milosevic to adopt "a hedgehog strategy" of hunkering down and enduring air strikes. Chipman says Milosevic "knows they will one day end." ..."

Associated Press 5/5/99 Veselin Toshkov "...A relief convoy from the Greek branch of Doctors of the World was hit by a bomb today while en route from Macedonia to Kosovo's capital, the humanitarian group said. No injuries were reported but the group was shaken up by the attack, which occurred the same day two American pilots flying an Apache helicopter were killed in a crash during a nighttime NATO training mission in northeastern Albania...."

Fox Newswires/AP 5/5/99 Doug Mellgren "...An Apache helicopter crashed during a nighttime training mission in northeast Albania and exploded in a fireball early today, killing two U.S. airmen - the first American fatalities in the 6-week-old NATO air campaign. It was the second Apache destroyed in a crash since the 24 specially equipped anti-tank helicopters were deployed in Albania two weeks ago. ..." 5/5/99 Stratfor 0200 GMT, 990505 "....President Bill Clinton is on his way to Brussels. He will be confronting allies, particularly the Italians and Germans, who are weary of the war. At home, Clinton has achieved the truly impossible: getting Trent Lott and Jesse Jackson on the same side of the issue, urging moves toward a cease-fire and a peace agreement. Clinton understands that his political ground both internationally and domestically is weak and can collapse. He also understands that if he is seen as capitulating outright, his ability to act during the remainder of his presidential term will evaporate. Quite apart from Clinton's ego, this is a dangerous time for American leadership to be paralyzed. Therefore, Clinton has to extract something resembling victory from this situation. He cannot simply walk away.. ."

UPI 5/5/99 "...President Clinton says (Wednesday) the United States and its NATO allies do not have a quarrel with the Serb people. Speaking to U.S. troops at Spangdahlem Air Base, Clinton said: "We do not want to be guilty of the sins we are standing and speaking against. We have no quarrel with the Serb people....Our quarrel is with ethnic cleansing and systematic killing and uprooting and the bigotry and death brought on by religious hatred."..."

Reuters 5/5/99 "...The war over Kosovo means either the end of Slobodan Milosevic or the end of Yugoslavia, the foreign minister of the ``traitor'' republic of Montenegro said Wednesday. Branko Perovic said that while the conflict had tightened the Yugoslav president's grip on his own republic of Serbia, tiny Montenegro -- which on paper is its equal partner in the Yugoslav federation -- was a beacon for resistance to him. Asked if Montenegro would remain in Yugoslavia after the war, he said: ``With Milosevic, there is no hope for this country (to stay together).'.... This is a kind of open threat,'' he told Reuters. Naval gunships closed the Adriatic port, a vital supply route for Montenegro, on Sunday....The Yugoslav Army gave no explanation, but Perovic said it was Milosevic's latest move to throttle Montenegro's fragile economy and bring down the democratic government he feared as a symbol to Serbs of a better alternative...."

Chicago Sun-Times 5/6/99 Bob Novak "...Who is responsible for an air offensive that is building anti-American anger across Europe without breaking the Serbian regime's will? The blame rests heavily on Gen. Wesley Clark, the NATO supreme commander. After 40 days, U.S.-dominated NATO air strikes no longer even pretend to aim solely at military targets. Pentagon sources admit that the attacks on the city center of Belgrade are intended to so demoralize ordinary citizens that they force President Slobodan Milosevic to yield. That has not yet happened, but diplomats believe the grave damage done to American prestige in Central and Eastern Europe will outlive this vicious little war. "The problem is Wes Clark making--at least approving--the bombing decisions," said one such diplomat, who then asked rhetorically: "How could they let a man with such a lack of judgment be [supreme allied commander of Europe]?" Through dealings with Yugoslavia that date back to 1994, Clark's propensity for mistakes has kept him in trouble while he continued moving up the chain of command thanks to a patron in the Oval Office. In the last month's American newspaper clippings, Clark emerges as the only heroic figure of a non-heroic war. Indeed, his resume is stirring: first in his class at West Point, Rhodes scholar, frequently wounded and highly decorated Vietnam combat veteran, White House fellow. He became a full general about as fast as possible in peacetime....Clark is the perfect model of a 1990s political four-star general. Clark's rapid promotions after Dayton --winning his fourth star to head the Panama-based Southern Command and then the jewel of his European post --were both opposed by the Pentagon brass. But Clark's fellow Arkansan in the White House named him anyway. The president and the general are collaborators in a failed strategy whose consequences cast a long shadow even if soon terminated by negotiation..."

UPI News Analysis Sid Balman 5/6/99 "... Foreign ministers of the world's seven most powerful industrialized democracies plus Russia issued a communique after their meeting outside of Bonn, Germany, today that appeared to reverse NATO's position on three of their core demands. The Group of Eight - which includes the United States, France, Great Britain, Germany, Italy and Canada from NATO as well as Japan and Russia - altered their stance on the deployment of an alliance ground force, the necessity of a U.N. Security Council resolution authorizing it and possible independence for Kosovo after an interim period of three years. The seven-point communique called for "effective international civil and security presences endorsed and adopted by the United Nations," with absolutely no mention of NATO troops or command. In addition to demanding a NATO force, the alliance had said it would not seek specific authorization from the U.N. Security Council, on which Russia and China wield a veto. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright told reporters in Germany today that NATO would now seek a so-called Chapter Seven Resolution, which is backed by the threat of force, similar to the one endorsing the deployment of international troops in Bosnia-Herzegovina to police the Dayton Accords. The ethnic-Albanian leadership had agreed during negotiations in France prior to the bombing that they would defer any push for independence from Belgrade for a three-year period, in exchange for a non-binding referendum on sovereignty after that period. But the G-8 communique does not mention the vote. Rather, it refers to "the establishment of an interim political framework providing for a substantial self-government for Kosovo taking into full account the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the other countries of the region, and the demilitarization of the" Kosovo Liberation Army..."Did NATO destroy Kosovo for this?" an ethnic-Albanian close to the provisional government told UPI under conditions of anonymity. "They could have gotten this without the bombing."..." 5/6/99 AP Freeper Thanatos "... President Slobodan Milosevic's decision to let Kosovo's most prominent ethnic Albanian leader leave the country maybe be the most critical development yet affecting NATO's strategy of using force to impose a settlement in Kosovo. Ibrahim Rugova arrived Wednesday in Rome along with his family. Rugova was elected president of the unrecognized Republic of Kosovo by ethnic Albanians who rejected Milosevic's heavy-handed rule in Kosovo, a Serb province with an ethnic Albanian majority.................On the other hand, if he repudiates those statements and endorses the NATO strategy, it would silence critics in the West and stiffen Western resolve to pursue the air campaign. It would also allay concerns among the rebel Kosovo Liberation Army that Rugova has sold out to the Serbs...." 5/6/99 Bloomberg Press Freeper Thanatos "...President Bill Clinton signaled that NATO is preparing for a protracted air campaign against Yugoslavia, as foreign ministers of the Group of Eight prepare to meet in Bonn today to try to end the war. The president told a group of U.S. military pilots over dinner last night that ``we were going to be dealing with refugees through the winter,'' said Major Steve Nielsen, a C-5 cargo pilot from Des Moines, Iowa. ``He said that would be the case, whether they (the refugees) were in Macedonia, Albania or Kosovo. He didn't guarantee that they would be home by then.'' ..."

ORIGINAL SOURCES 5/6/99 Mary Mostert Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...The KLA's sense of "justice" is to return the Kosovo region to its Illyrian ownership, which was lost about 200 BC to the Romans and about 700 AD to the Serbs. This kind of "justice" would return all of the United States to the Indians, which would force 260,000 million Americans to go somewhere else. ....Is it dangerous for a journalist to let the public know the facts about America's new "friends" that their taxes are supporting under the leadership of William Jefferson Clinton? Perhaps. However, I believe my grandchildren are in greater danger by them NOT knowing who they could called upon to die for, if Clinton manages to start World War III....." 5/6/99 AFP Freeper Thanatos "...NATO said Thursday it had destroyed 20 percent of Serb tanks and artillery in Kosovo and claimed it was "pretty close" to forcing an end to ethnic cleansing in the province. Military spokesman Major-General Walter Jertz acknowledged that Serb forces were continuing to drive ethnic Albanians from their homes. But he insisted that, after six weeks of bombing, NATO had damaged the Serb forces sufficiently to a degree where they would soon be incapable of carrying out such operations. "What we were trying to achieve -- to stop it in the first place -- we have not achieved," the German officer admitted...."

UPI News Analysis 5/6/99 SID BALMAN Jr. "... Foreign ministers of the world's seven most powerful industrialized democracies plus Russia issued a communique after their meeting outside of Bonn, Germany, today that appeard to reverse NATO's position on three of their core demands. The Group of Eight - which includes the United States, France, Great Britain, Germany, Italy and Canada from NATO as well as Japan and Russia - altered their stance on the deployment of an alliance ground force, the necessity of a U.N. Security Council resolution authorizing it and possible independence for Kosovo after an interim period of three years. The seven-point communique called for "effective international civil and security presences endorsed and adopted by the United Nations," with absolutely no mention of NATO troops or command. In additon to demanding a NATO force, the alliance had said it would not seek specific authorization from the U.N. Security Council, on which Russia and China wield a veto. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright told reporters in Germany today that NATO would now seek a so-called Chapter Seven Resolution, which is backed by the threat of force, similar to the one endorsing the deployment of international troops in Bosnia-Herzegovina to police the Dayton Accords...."

Fox Newswire/Reuter's 5/6/99 "...The United States said Thursday it will send up to 176 more warplanes to Europe to join escalating NATO air raids on Yugoslavia, bringing the total U.S. force in the operation to more than 800 jets. The planes - including tank-busting A-10s and other fighters along with up to 80 refueling planes - will begin leaving next week to join 639 U.S. attack and support planes already committed to the six-week-old air war on Belgrade. ..." 5/06/99 "...The foreign ministers of the Group of Eight have reportedly accepted a common framework within which to diplomatically resolve the Kosovo crisis. While this does not mean that peace should be expected tomorrow, it does mean that Russia and NATO are now working in the same direction and that the basic outline of a settlement, visible for quite a few days, is now established. First and foremost, this will allow the process of shifting management of the crisis to the UN to begin, without dueling vetoes in the UN Security Council..." 5/6/99 AP Freeper Thanatos "...Yugoslavia agreed unconditionally Thursday to allow a U.N. team to assess the humanitarian situation in the country and recommend what needs to be done for ethnic Albanian refugees to return to Kosovo, U.N. officials said. Belgrade's U.N. representative Vladislav Jovanovic pledged Yugoslav cooperation with the mission but suggested that a small advance team visit Belgrade this weekend so that security and other arrangements can be worked out for the larger team...."

AP 5/6/99 Robert Burns "...The three U.S. Army soldiers released from Serb captivity had been beaten with rifle butts, kicked and punched by the men who captured them near the Macedonian border, a Pentagon official said Thursday. .... Bacon said the Army's investigation found that one of the three Americans was manning a .50-caliber machine gun on their Humvee scout vehicle at the time they were captured, and together the three also had one M-16 rifle and two unspecified sidearms. The machine gun apparently had ammunition but was not in position to fire, Bacon said. ``It was not ready to go because typically when you drive around you don't have the thing ready to fire,'' he said. The soldier manning the machine gun ``followed the normal rule of getting out of the line of fire so he wouldn't be shot,'' Bacon said....."

REUTERS 5/7/99 "... China cast doubt on Thursday on Western charges of ethnic cleansing in Yugoslavia's southern province of Kosovo, saying a series of conflicting reports about the origin of the refugee crisis required "clarification." But Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhu Bangzao sidestepped questions about how to verify the charges, instead repeating China's longstanding opposition to NATO bombing in the region. "We oppose all types of ethnic cleansing," Zhu said. "But there are many different opinions regarding whether or not there are such activities in Yugoslavia and these need clarification," he said.... "Foreign interference and military action cannot solve the internal problems, including ethnic conflicts, in Yugoslavia," the spokesman said...."

Daily Republican 5/7/99 By Dr. Jan Oberg "...LUND, Sweden - The G8 foreign ministers' declaration of principles to resolve the Kosovo "crisis" is a mishmash of face-saving elements for the West and addresses none of the root causes of the conflict or the failure of the West as a mediator. This declaration may be used to justify continued bombing and, if implemented, promises a very sad future for the Balkans. But conflict illiteracy abounds, so leading media call it a peace plan - repeating their treatment of Rambouillet..... However, there are a number reasons why this declaration can be seen as another peace plan fraud. The ministers call this a "crisis" and not a "conflict" or a "war." That indicates that their purpose is to create a face-saving formula for the crisis created by NATO's Balkan bombing blunder. People in Yugoslavia (FRY), the Kosovars in particular and the surrounding countries see it as a conflict that exploded in war and aggression. The principles grasp none of the deep roots of the conflict itself and focus on none of the needs of the peoples living in the region. Making matters worse, they avoid reference to NATO's bombing and under what conditions it would stop. The ministers begin with withdrawal of FRY forces (which, all or some, from where to where?) and ends with a general reference to (later) demilitarisation of the UCK under the point "political process." ..."

Chicago Tribune 5/6/99 Charles M. Madigan Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...Six weeks into NATO's air war over Yugoslavia, U.S. public support is chipping away, with President Clinton paying the price for failing to stop the purge of ethnic Albanians from Kosovo with bombing and missile strikes. It is not yet clear that the White House has lost momentum because of its handling of the campaign, but a collection of key indicators shows growing public doubt about the effectiveness of the bombing campaign and potential use of ground troops...."