Revised 7/14/00


With many thanks to Ohmlaw98!

Iran-Iraq Arms Nonproliferation Act (IIANA)
Arms Export Control Act (AECA)
Export Administration Act (EAR)
Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act (NPPA)
Director of Central Intelligence (DCI)
China's People's Liberation Army (PLA)
Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
Nonproliferation Treaty (NT)
Export-Import Bank Act (EIBA)



Chinese efforts to obtain U.S. intelligence traced back to the late 1970's - AP 5/14/99

Late 1970's

Chinese obtained design information on the W-70 - Washington Times Nancy Roman 5/26/99


Chinese agent, Mochtar Riady an Indonesian billionaire came to Arkansas. Mochtar Riady is an ethnic Chinese banker in Jakarta. He started his financial empire with gun and drug running in the East Indies before World War II. Riady wants to get a financial base started in this country and looks for a bank to purchase. He seeks the help of Jackson Stephens to act as his agent. A deal ensued in which Riady would purchase a 30% share of the National Bank of Georgia from (Carter Administration) Burt Lance. At the same time, Stephens also brokered the arrival of BCCI to this country and steered their founder, Hassan Abedi, to Burt Lance. Under pressure from Chinese operatives, Riady backs out of the deal and a BCCI front man buys the shares. Hassan Abedi went on to secretly take over the bank shares that would lead to the BCCI scandal to be prosecuted in the US. James Riady, Mochtar's son, was taken on as an intern by Jackson Stephens to learn the world of finance. Later he would say that he was sponsored by Bill Clinton – The Washington Post 10/20/96 Susan Schmidt and Michael Weisskopf



Wen Ho Lee began working at Los Alamos New York Times 4/28/99 James Risen and Jeff Gerth

President Carter and Chinese Premier Deng Xioping made a secret Sino-U.S. pact "to setup, install, man, equip and service a series of SIGNIT (signals intelligence) sites along that country's border with the Soviet Union". - WorldNetDaily 5/4/99 Charles Smith



The AP and the WASHINGTON POST are reporting ...that the FBI intercepted a telephone call in the early 1980s made by Lee, then a new Los Alamos employee. The call was to an individual at California's Lawrence Livermore Nuclear Laboratory who was suspected of giving neutron bomb secrets to the Chinese. In the call, Lee said: "I can help you -- I can tell you who ratted on you." The Livermore scientist's name is still classified. - Drudge Report 4/29/99



Chinese obtained part of a missile guidance system called the accelerometer and reverse engineered it. - AP 5/14/99

Early 1980's

In the early 1980s, when deregulation of oil and natural gas ended the energy crisis, President Reagan tried to get rid of the agency. [DOE] Investor's Business Daily 5/24/99




Wen Ho Lee passed a polygraph examination in 1982 after he called a nuclear weapons scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory suspected of espionage at the time - Washington Post 5/2/99 Vernon Loeb

September, 1982

Charlie "Yah Lin" Trie, a Chinese national who emigrated to Little Rock, Arkansas in 1976, made five illegal contributions to Bill Clinton’s gubernatorial campaign. The contributions consisted of five separate checks totaling $1,100. Bill Clinton’s campaign acknowledged Trie’s illegal contributions with five thank you letters and Bill Clinton, after returning to the governor’s mansion in 1982, became a frequent guest at Trie’s restaurant.


December, 1982

FBI's first counterintelligence investigation of Wen-Ho Lee. Although Lee eventually took a polygraph and the FBI closed the case, Lee was deceptive when first questioned about this contact and admitted passing unclassified information to a foreign government. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99



Charlie Trie met Antonio Pan at Trie's "Fu Lin" restaurant in Little Rock. Antonio Pan, then an employee of a company called United Pacific Trading Inc, participated in illegal fundraising activities with Trie in 1995 and 1996. The illegal activities would eventually lead to the indictment of both.

Mochtar Riady forms The Lippo Finance & Investment Group. Chinese agent Riady, unbelievably, hires Jimmy Carter's former SBA director, Vernon Weaver, to chair his firm… launched with the aid of a $2 million loan guaranteed by the SBA! Bill Clinton was used a character reference to help … the loan. The Lippo Group makes their first loan to Little Rock Chinese restaurant owner, Charlie Trie - – The Washington Post 10/20/96 Susan Schmidt and Michael Weisskopf


"...Most of the files in Lee's computer had been transferred from Los Alamos' highly secure computer system in 1994-95, although evidence was found the Lee made some authorized transfers as early as 1983, an official said. He said there was no evidence that the files were accessed from outside the laboratory, but also no assurance that they were not...." - USA Today 4/29/99 AP

"...BILL RICHARDSON, ENERGY SECRETARY: In the course of the investigation, we found out that a massive number of information was transferred, from classified to unclassified, during the period of 1983 to 1995. This was serious. This was unconscionable..." - Money Line Lou Dobbs CNN 4/28/99 [Alamo-Girl note: please compare this statement with the above, and at the recommendation of other Freepers, also please consider the state of the art in computer technology in 1983…]






Period during which W-88 nuclear warhead information is believed to have been compromised. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99


".... In 1984, Lee was told to take a polygraph test and "showed deception on seven questions'' that should have alerted security officials, said Domenici. Instead, the data became buried and was never passed on to lab managers. When the Energy Department office in Albuquerque, N.M., five years later raised some questions about the 1984 polygraph tests, the file disappeared when sent to Washington, said Domenici, so three years later the regional office had to hire a contractor to reconstruct Lee's personnel file..." Associated Press 5/5/99 H. Josef Hebert

Russian KGB Defector Golitsyn warns of Russian-Chinese partnership - WorldNetDaily 5/27/99 J R Nyquist

April 15, 1984

Defense Estimative Brief describes the then ongoing efforts of China to make "qualitative improvements" in its nuclear arsenal "from both overt contact with U.S. scientists and technology, and the covert acquisition of U.S. technology." - National Security Archives 5/27/99

December, 1984

FBI Director William H. Webster stated, "We have more people charged with espionage right now than ever before in our history. ..." - WorldNetDaily 5/27/99 J R Nyquist

December 7, 1984

Charlie "Yah Lin" Trie became a Citizen of the United States of America.



Seventeen major espionage cases were brought into the limelight- WorldNetDaily 5/27/99 J R Nyquist

Mid 1980's

Chinese obtained design information on the W-88 - Washington Times Nancy Roman 5/26/99


Gov. Clinton got the Arkansas Teachers retirement fund to invest in Norinco and Cosco. 6/8/98 Marvin Lee Washington Weekly

Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton, Vince Foster, James Riady, Jackson Stephens, Webb Hubbell, David Watkins, William Kennedy, Mack McLarty, Betta Carney and William Cravens all met at Worthen bank in Arkansas. Riady and Stephens owned Worthen Bank. -

LA Times 3/14/99 Jim Mann "…In 1985, a defector from China's Ministry of State Security named Yu Zhensan, who was hurriedly and secretly spirited out of China by American intelligence, told U.S. officials that China had a spy in the CIA. Investigators found that Chin, a CIA translator and analyst, had been spying for China over a period of more than three decades. He had held a security clearance since 1970 and had been passing on documents to a Chinese contact in Toronto, Canada, in exchange for about $10,000 a year deposited in a Hong Kong bank account. Chin was arrested, tried and convicted of espionage in Alexandria, Va. While awaiting sentencing, he committed suicide in his jail cell by asphyxiating himself with a trash bag. There have been one or two other cases in which China was caught trying to obtain America's military and foreign policy secrets. In 1987, two Chinese diplomats were quietly asked to leave the United States after one of them accepted what he believed were classified documents from the National Security Agency. The man who was offering the documents turned out to be an FBI agent working undercover in a sting operation. But most of the Chinese cases over the last 20 years involved scientific and economic espionage….."

Arkansas state pension funds, deposited in Worthen by Governor Bill Clinton, suddenly lose 15% of their value because of the failure of high risk, short-term investments and the brokerage firm that bought them. The $52 million loss is covered by a Worthen check written by Jack Stephens in the middle of the night, an insurance policy, and the subsequent purchase over the next few months of 40% of the bank by Mochtar Riady. Clinton and Worthen escape a major scandal

Worthen holding company assets include the Jackson Stephens controlled Worthen Bank. Price: $16 million. Other Worthen co-owners will eventually include BCCI investor Abdullah Taha Bakhish. Within a few months, James Riady is found managing Worthen as President. It is also at this time that Bill Clinton attends numerous luncheons at Worthen. Clinton become inseparable friends with Riady and Charlie Trie.

Charlie Trie received a $60,000 loan from James Riady which allowed him to expand his restaurant operations.

Mochtar and James Riady engineered the takeover of the First National Bank of Mena in a town of 5,400 with few major assets beyond a Contra supply base, drug running and money-laundering operations.

Energy Secretary Herrington initiated the most massive increase in security spending at DOE in two decades. ....Edward V. Badolato, Herrington's deputy assistant secretary for security affairs from 1985 through 1989, was told one of his first tasks at the Energy Department was to evaluate the security problems first-hand. He quickly pulled together a team of half-a-dozen specialists. Over the next thirty-odd days, they surveyed all 58 facilities which make up the nation's nuclear weapons infrastructure. Badolato's recommendations resulted in Operation Cerberus, a $1.5-billion comprehensive security program. The overhaul spanned the gamut from instituting new physical fitness and marksmanship qualifications standards for plant security guards to high-technology safeguards. The American Spectator 5/99 John Roberts II

China conducted a half-dozen tests in the mid-1980s of neutron bomb technology believed to have been stolen from the United States, the last test was in 1988. - AP 5/14/99

January 9, 1985

In January 1985, [Peter] Lee met with top Chinese nuclear scientists, where he twice divulged secrets about his laser work and "discussed problems the United States was having in its nuclear weapons testing simulation program," according to court records. Lee had traveled to China with a group of scientists at the invitation of a Chinese visitor to his laboratory. Lee was supposed to act as a translator for the American delegation, according to the 1998 report on threats to the Department of Energy. Lee later told the bureau that on or about Jan. 9, 1985, in a Beijing hotel room, a Chinese nuclear-weapons scientist asked for Lee's help, saying that China was a "poor country." Lee told the FBI, according to court records, that he decided to help because he wanted to bring China's scientific capabilities "closer to the United States." The Chinese scientist drew a diagram and asked Lee questions about his laser research, according to court records filed in connection with his sentencing. Lee said he responded with detailed answers. The next day, Lee was picked up at his hotel and driven to another hotel to meet a group of Chinese scientists. He answered their questions for two hours, drawing diagrams and providing specific mathematical and experimental results related to laser fusion research. The laser fusion research that he gave to the Chinese was declassified by Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary in 1993, prompting several of Lee's former colleagues to recommend a lenient sentence to the sentencing judge. New York Times 5/10/99 JEFF GERTH and JAMES RISEN

June, 1985

China announced plans for a new commercial space program - satellites, rockets and ground stations The New York Times, 7/26/85


December 16, 1985

US Arms Control/Nonproliferation Sanctions Against China "…Prohibition of the export of nuclear materials, facilities, or components -On 23 July 1985, China and the US signed a bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement -US Congress enacted an approval resolution (PL 99-183) that requires presidential certification of certain conditions before export licenses may be issued for nuclear material, facilities or components covered by the agreement Active…" - Congress



John Huang served as vice president of the Lippo Hong Kong bank - Washington Times 4/9/99 Jerry Seper




June, 1986 

Lees traveled to PRC nuclear weapons design laboratory on LANL business. Afterwards, they took additional vacation time in China. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99

September 23, 1986

China and Western Union signed agreement for communications satellite launch. Chicago
Tribune, 9/23/86; The [London] Financial Times, 9/24/86




General, 1987

Chinese United Nations personnel employed Chinese-American businessmen in New Jersey to obtain TOW2 antitank missiles, F-14 fighter plane blueprints, and air-to-air missile information. These were to be smuggled out as refrigerator parts. Four of the businessmen were arrested, and one of the diplomats was forced to flee the U.S. - Wall Street Journal James R. Lilley 3/17/99

"Gentlemen, Comrades, do not be concerned about all you hear about Glasnost and Perestroika and democracy in the coming years. These are primarily for outward consumption. There will be no significant internal changes in the Soviet Union, other than for cosmetic purposes. Our purpose is to disarm the Americans, and let them fall asleep." Mikhail Gorbachev (1987)

April 10, 1987

(Alamo-Girl entry) The basic accusation is that the Reagan, with E.O. 12591 which was intended to help provide technology to universities and industry was the origin of the lax security at the labs which has lead to all the recent scandal. In that E.O., however, Reagan specifically said that NOTHING in it shall affect the continued applicability of any existing laws or regulations relating to the transfer of US technology to other nations and made specific overrides for anything deemed to be detrimental to national security. - Salon 4/99 Joe Conason and 52 FR 13414, 3 CFR, 1987 Comp., p. 220

June, 1986

Wen Ho Lee delivered a paper on nuclear-weapons related science at a symposium in Beijing with the approval of Los Alamos officials. New York Times 4/28/99 James Risen and Jeff Gerth

October 22, 1987

US Arms Control/Nonproliferation Sanctions Against China "…Suspension of high-tech imports to China The Reagan Administration, in response to the Chinese sales of anti-ship missiles to Iran on 22 October 1987, suspended the process of gradual liberalization of the sophistication of high-tech items that were permitted to be sold to China -During Chinese Foreign Minister Wu Xueqian's March 1988 visit to Washington, DC, the US State Department announced that the Reagan Administration was lifting the suspension because it was satisfied that China was not selling Silkworm missiles to Iran Lifted 9 March 1988…" - Congress

October 22, 1987

In retaliation for China's alleged sales of missiles to Iran, Reagan administration announced it will curb plans to export certain high-tech products. Facts on File World News Digest, 10/30/87




General, 1988

General Accounting Office found lax controls over foreign visitors at weapons labs. LA Times 3/14/99 Bob Drogin New York Times 3/17/99 Jeff Gerth


Livermore lab incident – Chinese scientists allegedly used stolen secrets to build and conduct a 1988 test of a nuetron bomb. Per Bellaudo 3/14/99 "The only thing I would say about the incident in the 1980s at Livermore is that as far as we know it was false and it was a 10-year-old story - Washington Post 1/1/99 John Mintz

In response to the GAO report which said the lab security was lax, a new DOE order 1240.2b placed very strong controls on foreign visitors and information exchanges in the labs. LA Times 3/14/99 Bob Drogin New York Times 3/17/99 Jeff Gerth GAO/RCED-97-229

Chinese document prepared describing China's nuclear program. Among the warheads was one strikingly similar to the W-88 (Not discovered by U.S. until June of 1995) Newsday 4/13/99 Knut Royce - (Alamo-Girl: date the technology stolen not known and/or reported, the 1988 date applied to the document.)

In 1988 and again in 1997, GAO reported that foreign visitors were allowed into DOE's nuclear weapons design laboratories with few background checks and inadequate controls over the topics discussed. ….. UPI 7/11/00 Ashley Baker


March 9, 1988

After assurances that China is not supplying anti-ship missiles to Iran, high tech export barriers were lifted. Chicago Tribune, 3/10/88

April, 1988

Mrs. Hsia joined forces with James Riady and John Huang in Los Angeles to form the Pacific Leadership Conference (PLC) as a vehicle for advancing the interests of the Asian-American community and especially Mr. Riady's Lippo Group. Very early on, they turned to the Hsi Lai Temple and its presiding monk for funds…….. WASHINGTON TIMES 6/30/00 Kenneth Timmerman

June, 1988

Wen Ho Lee delivered a paper at a conference in Beijing, again with the lab's approval. New York Times 4/28/99 James Risen and Jeff Gerth

Lees traveled to PRC nuclear weapons design laboratory on LANL business. Again they took additional vacation time in China. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99


July, 1988

In July 1988, the group contacted the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, offering to host an Asian tour for key U.S. senators. By late November, the senators they had initially approached backed out. When Maria Hsia met Mr. Gore at a fund-raiser at the Georgetown home of Pamela Harriman, she lobbied him to join the group, and followed up with a letter promising financial and political support. …….. WASHINGTON TIMES 6/30/00 Kenneth Timmerman

September 9, 1988

Reagan administration approved plan to export a US made communication satellite for launch on a Chinese rocket Los Angeles Times, 9/10/88





President Bush's Secretary of Defense, William Cheney, accused Israel of passing stolen Patriot technology to China. China has since upgraded their HY-100 surface to air missile with the Patriot electronics obtained from Israel and espionage against America. - Softwar 7/20/99 Charles Smith

James Riady, Maria Hsia and John Huang formed the Pacific Leadership Council, and invited Senator Al Gore to the Hsi Lai temple headquarters in Taiwan. On behalf of the Chinese government, Maria Hsia promised Al Gore that she would persuade all her colleagues "in the future to play a leader role in your presidential race." – Washington Weekly 11/17/97

January 11, 1989

Mr. Gore was accompanied on that fateful Asia tour by Maria Hsia, James Riady, John Huang and other PLC members. In Indonesia, they met Mochtar Riady, the head of the Lippo Group. In Hong Kong, they met with Chinese government officials. And on Jan. 11, 1989, Mr. Gore and the group toured the Kiaoshung Monastery on Taiwan, as the guests of Hsi Lai Temple Venerable Master Hsing Yun. According to the Senate investigation of the temple fund-raiser, Hsing Yun helped foot the bill for the Taiwan leg of the trip. …….. WASHINGTON TIMES 6/30/00 Kenneth Timmerman

February 26, 1989

President George Bush: "We will advance technology to China as much as we possibly can under what is known as the COCOM [Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Security Controls -COCOM] arrangement. There are some highly sensitive, highly sophisticated military technologies that I'm not even sure China is interested in, but that we are prohibited from exporting under the law. Having said that, we have exported some highly sophisticated technology to China, and as President, I want to continue to do that. And that will benefit the life of the average Chinese citizen." - Mary Mostert Conservative Net 12/1/98

April 30, 1989

Mrs. Hsia set up two fund-raisers for Mr. Gore at the Sostanza restaurant in West Los Angeles. …….. WASHINGTON TIMES 6/30/00 Kenneth Timmerman

May 21, 1989

Mr. Gore returned to LA, where Mrs. Hsia organized a $250 per plate dinner at the home of PLC founding member Tina Bow. The event was co-chaired by Eddy Yang, an adviser to Venerable Master Hsing Yun and raised $20,000 for Mr. Gore. Among the guests were several monks and nuns from the Hsi Lai Temple. …….. WASHINGTON TIMES 6/30/00 Kenneth Timmerman


June 5, 1989

President Bush freezes all military sales to China because of the Tiananmen Square massacre. The Washington Post, 6/6/89


December 8, 1989

Loral Corp pleaded guilty to conspiracy to defraud the US, conversion of government property, and filing a false statement re: USAF contract for radar warning receivers. Loral was put on a "watch list."

December 19, 1989

George Bush approved the launch of three communications satellites built in America for Australia: Statement by Fitzwater: "The satellites are civilian communications satellites, to be controlled after launch by companies based in Australia and Hong Kong. This action is therefore consistent with the President's expressed determination, in imposing sanctions last June, to maintain commercial relations with China." Mary Mostert Conservative Net 12/1/98



General 1990's:


CITIC (China government leading business conglomerate) floated bond issues in the US. PLA established an extensive presence in the U.S. through private companies controlled by military trading groups such as Norinco, which has set up a family of trading companies that act as wholesalers for goods, rifles, and chemicals made in Chinese military factories. Roger W. Robinson, Jr., a Reagan administration National Security Council aide and an investment banker by trade, found 36 Chinese-government bond issues in the U.S. since 1989, which have raised $6.725 billion for Chinese government-owned banks and trading companies. All but four of the bonds, worth $420 million, have been issued since Bill Clinton became president. - Kenneth R. Timmerman 6/97 American Spectator

China's trade surplus with the US ($105 billion since 1989) - according to military intelligence analysts - are being used by the PLA to buy submarines, ships, plans, and anti-ship missiles targeted on the US 7th fleet. The Clinton administration has allowed China to stuff its war chest through MFN status and has allowed the sale of sensitive military technology to China. A report, "Selected Military capabilities of the People's Republic of China," concluded that China is focused on developing "a capability to fight short- duration, high-intensity wars in the region" and defeating the U.S. Navy.

Since 1989, China has increased defense spending each year by double digits, sold its advanced nuclear weapons technology to those hostile to the United States, and refused to renounce the use of force in resolving the dispute with Taiwan. Furthermore, in 1996 in the midst of Taiwan's democratic elections, the mainland launched missiles near their borders.

Since 1995 the U.S. intelligence community has been warning that communist China was attempting to make significant improvements in its ability to encrypt its telecommunications. Of particular concern to the Pentagon and CIA are PRC military communications, satellite telemetry, and signals to and among components of the People's Liberation Army Strategic Rocket Forces, the very units that now have at least 13 ICBMs trained on U.S. cities.

Chinese obtained classified information on re-entry vehicles and weight-to-yield ratios of the W-62, W-78 and W-87 - Washington Times Nancy Roman 5/26/99


Early 90s

Lee again came to the attention of the FBI based upon a separate FBI investigative lead. FBI initiated a preliminary investigation of this incident but subsequently opted to fold it into the larger investigation of the W-88 loss. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99





A former Loral Space & Communications Ltd. security executive has said that the jamming codes -- or the tests for the super-secret codes -- for U.S. missile countermeasure systems that protect our high-flying military jets (including Air Force One) disappeared under unexplained circumstances in 1990. And even though those codes since have been upgraded or replaced, the missing computer codes still could pose serious threats if in the hands of a foreign power or terrorist organization. Insight 8/3/98 Timothy Maier

James Riady takes over operations of a new branch of the Lippo Bank, working with Hong Kong Lippo executive, John Huang.


The FBI knew that the Democrat Party was infiltrated by Chinese agents. The FBI knew Maria Hsia and John Huang to be agents. Mainland China used its archrival Taiwan, as well as Hong Kong, as conduits. China Resources bought into Lippo Bank of Hong Kong and Indonesia and placed its officers John Huang and James Riady in Arkansas. John Huang was born in Mainland China, but had served in the Taiwanese air force. Ya Long Economic Trading of the Chinese Hainan province sought influence and legitimacy through the Hsi Lai temple of Taiwan, through its representative Maria Hsia, born in Taiwan. – Washington Weekly 11/17/97


The Arkansas Industrial Development Commission furthers the Indonesian - Arkansas connection …. Deals are worked on for Wal-Mart, Tyson's Foods, and JB Hunt. Later documents uncovered by the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette will "make reference to Clinton's ideal position as president . . in helping to secure Arkansas-Indonesian deals." The US ambassador in Jakarta at the time will later remark, "There were lots of people from Arkansas who came through Indonesia."

In 1991, according to Podonsky, DOE dropped a requirement that individuals account for "National Security" information - information that could impact national security but was not directly tied to nuclear weapons design or the production of nuclear materials. ….. UPI 7/11/00 Ashley Baker

Weaknesses in DOE's ability to track and control nuclear materials. GAO reported in 1980 and again in 1991 that officials at some facilities were not properly measuring, storing, and verifying quantities of nuclear materials. Also, DOE was not able to track all nuclear material sent overseas for research. ….. UPI 7/11/00 Ashley Baker

April 30, 1991

The Chinese asked President Bush to waive export rules on a project involving U.S. satellite components to China for a Chinese domestic communications satellite, the Dong Fang Hong 3 (DFH-3). He did not approve the request for that license. Fitzwater: "The President has decided not to approve a request to license the export of U.S. satellite components to China for a Chinese domestic communications satellite, the Dong Fang Hong 3 (DFH-3). The President made this decision because certain activities of Chinese companies raise serious proliferation concerns. " Mary Mostert Conservative Net 12/1/98


May 25, 1991

US Arms Control/Nonproliferation Sanctions Against China "…Prohibition of the export of missile-related computer technology and satellites -Imposed pursuant to the 1990 Missile Technology Control Act -Restricting the export of missile technology, missile-related computers and satellites -No waivers on satellite export licenses -Imposed against (Chinese entities): -China Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation (CPMIEC) -China Great Wall Industry Corporation (CGWIC) (Pakistani entity): Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) The Bush administration announced on 21 February 1992 that the sanctions would be waived for national security reasons Waived 23 March 1992; Sanctions against Pakistan's SUPARCO expired…. - Congress

June 16, 1991

President Bush refused another request by the Chinese for missile technology and for supercomputers: Fitzwater "The President decided that the significant risks to U.S. security interests posed by these missile transfers require the imposition of limits on the sale of high performance computers. In addition, the President will not waive sanctions that prohibit the transfer of U.S. technology for satellites launched on Chinese rockets. Finally, we are taking steps to impose sanctions on certain firms in the P.R.C. that have contributed to missile proliferation. " Mary Mostert Conservative Net 12/1/98


November, 1991

Trie formalized his new Asian trading efforts by incorporating a company he called Daihatsu International Trading Corporation. Trie received from newly elected President Bill Clinton, a letter of congratulations and encouragement for Trie's new Venture.

December 1991
The Riady family played host for a DNC delegation in Hong Kong, headed by then-Chairman Ron Brown. John Huang organized the Hong Kong/Lippo portion of the trip from the United States, as noted in a memorandum written by the organizer of the Asia tour, Melinda Yee.

December 28, 1991

A Long March carrying a Chinese weather satellite malfunctioned just as it was reaching space and stranded the satellite in a uselessly low orbit.





Major contributors to Clinton campaigns: Moctar Riady, Worthen Bank, Jackson Stephens, World Wide Travel (Betta Carney) Worthen Bank loaned the campaign several million.

The Riadys were the largest contributor to the DNC.

Ira Sockowitz was an "advance person" for the 92 Clinton/Gore campaign Chicago Tribune 11/2/96 Mary Jacoby David Jackson; Judicial Watch

"…In 1992, after selling nuclear-war matériel to Iran, Iraq and Algeria among other countries, China signed the worldwide Nonproliferation Treaty against spreading knowledge about nuclear weapons to states that did not possess them. Three years later, U.S. intelligence discovered that the China National Nuclear Energy Industry Corporation, a Beijing-controlled operation, had sold 5,000 ring magnets to Pakistan, which is trying to match India's nuclear-weapon potential. Experts say that sale could increase Pakistan's weapon capability by jumping its enriched-uranium capacity 100 percent. The magnets are a product China sold to Saddam Hussein before the gulf war. The U.S. also found that the magnets went to "unsafeguarded" Pakistani facilities -- no international inspection permitted. Teams of U.N. inspectors have spent almost six years trying to find all of Saddam's "unsafeguarded" hidden nuclear capability. Violating the treaty should have brought sanctions. Washington complained but imposed no penalty. China denied the sale…." The New York Times 10/28/97 A.M. ROSENTHAL


During the Presidential elections, Bill Clinton became cash strapped. Riady and Stephens came to Clinton's rescue with a three million dollar loan at a crucial juncture, compliments of the Worthen Bank.

During Clinton's first Presidential bid, all campaign travel was booked through the Little Rock-based World Wide Travel Office. A closer look at World Wide Travel's financial dealings, reveal that there principal backer is none other than the Lippo Group's Worthen Bank. World Wide provided provided Clinton with $1 million in deferred billing for his campaign trips. Clinton aide David Watkins boasts to a travel magazine, "Were it not for World Wide Travel here, the Arkansas governor may never have been in contention for the highest office in the land." In fact, without the Worthen Bank and the WorldwideTravel Office, it is unlikely that the cash-strapped candidate could have survived through the later primaries.

James Riady and his wife Aileen, while citizens of Jakarta, personally contributed $450,000 to the DNC and various state Democratic parties in the weeks and months leading up to the November 1992 election including a $200,000 contribution to the 1992 Presidential Inaugural Committee ("PIC").

Strobe Talbot, who is now Clinton's No. 2 National Security Advisor, said the idea of a nation-state didn't make sense anymore. WorldNetDaily,sm 4/23/99 John Doggett

Spying at the Los Alamos laboratory where the atomic bomb was developed, was first suspected by a Department of Energy official in 1992, three years earlier than previously reported and four years before the White House was briefed on the matter. Dayton Daily News 4/28/99

Chinese Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND) Lt. General Huai Guomo contacted Hua Di to start a joint venture called Galaxy New Technology.


While Bill Clinton was still the Governor of Arkansas, Johnny Chung traveled to Little Rock and arranged a meeting with Hillary Clinton. A senior White House official said that the First Lady remembered meeting with him about his idea for a business and that she was encouraging, adding that Chung "kept popping up." (The Filipino Express, 12-15-1996)


January, 1992

The second Presidential Nuclear Initiative took steps which included: Limiting B-2 production to 20 bombers. Canceling the entire small ICBM program. Ceasing production of W-88 Trident SLBM (submarine-launched missile) warheads. Halting purchases of advanced cruise missiles. Stopping new production of Peacekeeper missiles (our biggest MIRV-warhead ICBM). 3/25/99 Joel Skousen

January 6, 1992

President Bush issued E.O. 12829 to protect classified information disclosures to contractors, etc.


Feb. 9, 1992

A Kentucky Air National Guard C-130 transport plane slams into a motel and restaurant in Evansville, Ind. Five crew members and 11 people on the ground are killed. The Associated Press 4/9/00January, 1998

February 21, 1992

Bush administration announced it would lift sanctions on high tech to China in exchange for China's agreement to abide by the international agreement restricting sale of missiles or missile technology Los Angeles Times, 2/22/92

March, 1992

China signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty - Washington Times 5/18/99 Bill Gertz

March 22, 1992

President Bush had signed a onetime export-control waiver for Hughes Electronics to launch a telecommunications satellite aboard the Long March. The live broadcast noted the crash.

May, 1992

In May 1992, DOE ended its accountability requirements for data labeled "secret restricted" information - information that is related directly to nuclear weapons production. Finally, in January 1998, Department officials ended accountability for "top secret" information. ……. UPI 7/11/00 Ashley Baker

May 13, 1992

Clinton said "…I believe we must do more to stop the threat of weapons of mass destruction. We need to clamp down on countries and companies that sell these technologies, punish violators and work urgently with all countries for tough, enforceable international non-proliferation agreements


June 3, 1992

Candidate Clinton attacked then President Bush for unconditionally granting most-favored-nation trading status to China in light of its proliferation record:

Mid 1992

Trie told the FBI he formed an international-trading business in 1991 that "brokered the export of biotech machinery and elevator equipment to China." It was this company, Daihatsu International Trading Inc., that arranged the sale in mid-1992 of the 500-liter fermenting machine from Sulzer Biotech Systems in Woodbury, N.Y., which, only after Clinton took office in January 1993, shipped the equipment from its Swiss manufacturing plant to the Chinese facility. - Insight 2/2000 Douglas Burton

July, 1992

Lippo [Riady family] had sold off half of its Hong Kong bank to China Resources Resources in what U.S. authorities believe was a continuing effort by the PLA to cash in on the Riadys' relationship with Mr. Clinton. China Resources paid what U.S. intelligence officials said was a huge premium over the net asset value of the bank, giving Lippo a profit of $164 million...." Washington Times 4/9/99 Jerry Seper

July 20, 1992

An experimental V-22 tiltrotor Osprey plunges into the Potomac River while trying to land at the Marine Air Station at Quantico, Va., killing three Marines and four civilians. The Pentagon finds a combination of a flash fire, engine failure and a failed drive shaft are to blame. The Associated Press 4/9/00


August 12, 1992

The president's long-time friends at Lippo sent the DNC $100,000. through their 'development' company with only a Los Angeles parking lot as its major asset, Hip Hing Holdings, Ltd., on August 12, 1992 just before Clinton's first election. The next week Huang sent a request to Lippo seeking reimbursement of that contribution - direct evidence of foreign money being used to reimburse a DNC soft-money donation. (Majority Staff Hearing Summary, Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, AM Session, July 15, 1997, Fed. Doc. Clearing House) Newsmax 8/23/99 Tom Flocco Robin Akers

August 13, 1992
James and Aileen Riady contributed a total of $40,000 to Democratic causes. The following day, then Governor Bill Clinton, on his way to a fundraiser, took a five minute car ride with James Riady. The request for the time with Riady was memorialized in an August 14, 1992 memorandum from then-campaign aide Melinda Yee. It is clear from the memorandum that James Riady was not living in the United States. The President also knew from his time in Arkansas that the Riady family were Indonesian nationals.

August 14, 1992

On August 14, 1992, between campaign stops in Los Angeles, Riady told then Gov. Clinton that he would like to raise $1,000,000 for Clinton's presidential campaign. Riady told Huang about his conversation with Clinton, according to FBI documents, and explained how he could not give the money directly to Clinton. Huang claims that Riady ordered him to organize LIPPO GROUP employees to distribute the money. In 1992, over $700,000 was given to the DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL COMMITTEE by LIPPO employees holding green cards. - Drudge Report 10/27/99

August 17, 1992
Hip Hing Holding Inc., owned and/or controlled by James Riady and managed by Huang, contributes a $50,000 check, made payable to the "DNC Victory Fund." In a memorandum to the Lippo Group dated August 17, 1992, Huang requested reimbursement for the contribution, and several weeks later a wire transfer was received from LippoBank Jakarta in the amount requested. In 1992, the year of the $50,000 DNC Victory Fund contribution, Hip Hing Holdings actually lost $482,395.33. Also recorded during 1992 were Contributions totaling $465,000 from James Riady and his wife, Aileen, to the DNC and various Democratic state party organizations. The checks were produced pursuant to a Committee subpoena from the files of Hip Hing Holdings Inc., suggesting that Huang may have directed these contributions as well.

September, 1992

Charlie Trie traveled to Changchun City, China, with several Arkansas businessmen and the Arkansas State Auditor, Julia Hughes Jones. Through Trie’s efforts, this business trip evolved into a formal sister city relationship between Little Rock and Changchun City in May of 1995.

September 3, 1992

Under the Bush Administration the DOE instituted Order 1240.2b--"Unclassified Visits and Assignments by Foreign Nationals", which established and strengthened responsibilities and policies for controlling unclassified visits and assignments to DOE's facilities. Various Governmental Investigative ohmlaw98 4/9/99

September 9, 1992
In what was essentially a branch office of the DNC in California in 1992, Nora and Gene Lum set up the Asian-Pacific Advisory Council-Vote, and at the request of the late DNC Chairman Ron Brown held a fundraiser for an ex-Member from California and padded a disappointing take from the event with "conduit contributions, with the knowledge of DNC personnel." Similarly, the Lums proffered testimony that then-Arkansas Gov. Clinton signed a letter endorsing an Asian candidate, now an Asian leader, in exchange for a $50,000 donation to the Lums' group, drawn on the account of "a foreign person then residing in the United States." Other testimony of more recent vintage would add detailed touches to the broad-brush portrait of close relationships between Huang, Trie, and Lippo, such as the fact that Lippo executive James Riady offered the Lums office space, "which they would have shared with the former Associate Attorney General," an almost certain reference to Webster Hubbell. However, the group's fund-raising literature, including a letter signed by Clinton, cited its DNC ties, and Brown visited the Torrance office, according to Ron Wakabayashi, who was also active in APAC-Vote. Wakabayashi, John Huang and seven other Clinton supporters were honored at an APAC awards ceremony organized by Nora Lum. Melinda Yee, Maria Haley and Gil Colon were also active inAPAC.;

September 15, 1992
President Clinton makes the following statement regarding Most Favored Nation status for China : "Rather than leading an international effort to pressure the Chinese government, the Bush administration has coddled the regime, pleading for progress but failing to impose penalties for intransigience,"


September 18, 1992

Clinton said "…And I perceive the biggest threat in the future to be, as I've said earlier, the proliferation of nuclear technology, as well as other weapons of mass destruction, to other countries.

October, 1992

Amateur videotapes show Charles Yah Lin Trie leading a delegation of Arkansas state officials on a trip to China, during which Arkansas officials tell Chinese officials that "Clinton's policy for China could be influenced, certainly by people sitting at this table." American Investigator 4/28/99 Scott Wheeler

October 5, 1992
Ng Lap Seng brings $44,000 into US from China.


Oct. 30, 1992

An Air Force helicopter plunges into the Great Salt Lake, killing 12 people and injuring one. Everyone on board the MH-60G Pave Hawk helicopter was from Hill Air Force Base in Utah. The Associated Press 4/9/00

November 1992

China: M-11 missiles transferred to Pakistan. Violations: MTCR, AECA, EAR. - sanctions imposed then waived. - Congress

Chinese Resources Bank, based in Hong Kong, the commercial arm of China's ministry of foreign trade and economic co-operation is a front for Chinese intelligence according to Defense Intelligence Agency specialist, Nicolas Eftimiades. Days after Clinton was elected in 1992, China Resources purchased 15% of Hong Kong Chinese Bank which is owned by the Lippo Group (Riadys.)

Far East National received the first $5 million in a series of wire transfers from the Peoples' Bank of China, from one of its apparent subsidiaries, and from another state bank. - NY TIMES 5/12/99 TIM GOLDEN and JEFF GERTH

November 3, 1992
Bill Clinton elected president.

November 7, 1992

Riadys enter into a partnership with China Resources (Holding) Ltd. To jointly own and control the Hong Kong Chinese Bank (2 days after Clinton's election) - The American Spectator 8/99 Kenneth R. Timmerman

The Riadys consolidated their ties to Chinese military intelligence on November 7, 1992, just two days after Clinton's election to the White House, by entering into a partnership with China Resources (Holding) Ltd. to jointly own and control the Hong Kong Chinese Bank. China Resources has long been identified by U.S. intelligence as a vehicle for Chinese military intelligence. U.S. government investigators say the bank was later used to funnel Er Bu money to intermediaries in the U.S. for campaign donations. TAS has learned of a separate joint venture between the Riadys and China Aerospace International (CASIL), known as the Shanghai Commercial Investment Fund. - American Spectator 8/99 Kenneth Timmerman

November 20, 1992

Chung attended some type of small business convention in Little Rock on November 20, 1992. It was at that time that he met and spoke with Hillary Clinton - Committee on Government Reform 5/12/99

December, 1992

Hillary Rodham Clinton resigned as a board memeber of Southern Development Bancorporation of Arkadelphia, Ark., which she aided the formation of in 1986. It was later revealed that Treasury officials may have created documents in an effort to mislead Congress. Rep. Spencer Bachus of Alabama would later present evidence suggesting memos justifying more than $10 million in Treasury grants were placed in Treasury files after Congress began to scrutinize the program, called Community Development Financial Institutions. The grants went to a family of community-development lenders led by South Shore Bancorporation of Chicago. "We now have documents indicating that evaluation-review memos for Shorebank [which is another name for South Shore Bank], Southern Development and two other entities affiliated with Shorebank were not in the Treasury Department files as of February of this year, more than eight months after the grants were awarded," Mr. Bachus said. A Small Business Administration-backed venture-capital affiliate of the firm surrendered its federal license in 1993 after SBA auditors alleged numerous regulatory violations.

Dec. 1, 1992

Two military cargo jets collide near Harlem, Mont., after refueling during a training flight and crash, killing all 13 aboard. The Associated Press 4/9/00


December 5, 1992

Bush administration blocked another sale of a vital supercomputer to China and threatened further sanctions if intelligence reports confirm China had broken its promise not to sell M11 missiles to Pakistan

December 12, 1992

Bernard Schwartz was a candidate for Secretary of Defense William Norman Grigg 7/6/98?

December 21, 1992

After President Bush had signed waivers for five more launches, a Long March rocket carrying another Hughes satellite was shredded on its way into space.




China could not target missiles to the US.

It was illegal to export satellites to China.

SCM Brooks Telecommunications entered into a joint venture with Galaxy New Technology, a Chinese company controlled by the Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND), an agency of the Chinese military". In spite of the Chinese military ownership, Galaxy still qualified as a "commercial" operation, according to the Commerce Department. Therefore, no Government approval required for export after executive changes in April, 1994. World Net Daily 3/9/99 Charles Smith plus

Presidential directive: "Should (U.S.) industry fail to fully assist the government in meeting its requirements within a reasonable period of time, the attorney general will recommend legislation which would compel manufacturers to meet government requirements."

"…What forced India to reassess China's intentions is that this cooperation seemed to increase after India and China signed an agreement resolving their border dispute in 1993. There was the sale of ring magnets for Pakistan's gas centrifuges in 1994, the sale of M-11 missiles in 1995, and the presence of Chinese scientists at the Pakistani nuclear research site in Kahuta…." New York Times 5/29/98


Hillary Clinton and David Watkins moved to oust the White House travel office in favor of World Wide Travel. The White House would fire seven long-term employees for alleged mismanagement and kickbacks. The director, Billy Dale, charged with embezzlement, will be acquitted in less than two hours by the jury.

Clinton called a moratorium on warhead testing. Thus ended an era in which the nation upgraded its nuclear arsenal by continually replacing aging weapons systems with new ones. Investor's Business Daily 4/12/99 Paul Sperry


Early on, Clinton adopted a very liberal policy toward declassifying papers, effectively reversing President Reagan's restrictive policy set in 1982. It was part of an overall post-Cold War ''openness'' policy at Energy. ''This policy actually had the effect of turning shelves of restricted data into unclassified documents,'' Gaffney said. ''(Energy staffers) were obliged to do it at such an extraordinary speed that they weren't even able to review the boxes, let alone the files - to say nothing of the individual papers.'' O'Leary got some good press for opening files on the government's war-era human radiation experiments. But that was just a small part of the declassification effort. ''This got down to data that bear on nuclear weapons design, where nuclear materials are held and where nuclear weapons are stockpiled,'' Gaffney said. Investor's Business Daily 4/12/99 Paul Sperry


Since at least 1993, Trulock "appealed to the urgency of security," according to Del Bergen, a former high-ranking scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Knowing the long history of Chinese efforts to steal U.S. nuclear secrets and the lax state of security at the national labs, Trulock urged more vigilant counterintelligence programs. But inside DOE, his warnings went unheeded. American Spectator 5/99 John B. Roberts II

Clinton went to Los Alamos in 1993, "and at that point we had just directed the establishment of this program [stockpile stewardship].." Robert Bell White House briefing 2/2/98

U.S. Ambassador to Belarus David H. Swartz repeatedly warns top U.S. officials against their Russocentric policy toward the former Soviet Union, arguing it would undermine the other independent former Soviet colonies. He is ignored, reformers are undermined, a dictator takes control and Belarus ultimately begins a merger with Russia.- INSIGHT J Michael Waller 10/16/99

The evidence of the fermenting machine's sale [via Charlie Trie] and transfer sometime in 1993 to the Changchun Biological Products Institute is alarming, according to Leitner, given that the Chinese facility has been flagged by some experts as a biological-weapons laboratory run by the People's Liberation Army. Leitner tells Insight: "This whole affair has the classic earmarks of a Chinese military-intelligence operation." - Insight 2/2000 Douglas Burton

January 1993

Charlie Trie met Jude Kearney at a hotel in Beijing while Kearney was touring China as part of his duties as Clinton's Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Department of Commerce. Kearney later wrote a letter to Trie thanking him for his "red carpet treatment" during Kearney’s trip. Kearney also would later make an official request that Trie be included in the events held in connection with the Department of Commerce trade mission to China in August and September of 1994. In addition to meeting with Trie and recommending him as a host for an event on the Department of Commerce trade mission to China, Kearney helped Trie in a number of other ways. First, he introduced him to a number of private business contacts including: Ernie Green, a DNC Managing Trustee and friend of Bill Clinton; and Lauri Fitz-Pegado, a high-ranking official in the Commerce Department. Kearney claims that his numerous introductions of Trie to other private businessmen was part of his job trying to promote U.S. exports to China.

Ms. Xu incorporated her own California shell company, Four Earth Investment and Trading Corp., and over the next 32 months, it absorbed a flood of Chinese money. Another $40 million came from the central bank. The China Construction Bank wired $5 million. More than $42 million came from United Wide Investments, a Hong Kong concern that American regulators believe was controlled by the Chinese Government. Officials said one of Ms. Xu's accounts also received an early deposit of almost $50,000 from a Chinese military company that manufactures and markets advanced weaponry. - NY TIMES 5/12/99 TIM GOLDEN and JEFF GERTH

Clinton signs Presidential Decision Directive 2 (PDD 2) that approved a National Security Council (NSC) decision-making system that enlarged the membership of the NSC. The new membership of the NSC included the Treasury Secretary, the U.S. Representative to the U.N., the Asst. to the President for National Security Affairs, the Asst. to the President for Economic Policy, and the Chief of Staff to the President. Although not a member, the Attorney General would be invited to attend meetings pertaining to his jurisdiction. The President, Vice President, Secretary of State, and Secretary of Defense are members of the NSC as prescribed by law. The CIA director and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff also attend its meetings.


January 7, 1993

John Huang, then Vice Chairman of the Lippo Bank, wrote to Ron Brown, then chairman of the Democrat National Committee, in stilted English: "Congratulations on great performance during yesterday Senate hearing." …… The letter was written to Ron Brown before President Clinton took office. "I was watching it in the Senate Russell Building and came away with the strong feeling that you will do an outstanding job as the Secretary of Department of Commerce in the coming years," noted Huang in poor English. ...... "What I really want to do is to identify a convenient time in the coming week to arrange a meeting between you and Dr. Moctar Riady, our Group Chairman. Dr. Riady will be coming to the States. ... Dealing with Japan and other Asian matters will be all of our important agenda," wrote Huang - WorldNetDaily 4/26/00 Charles Smith

January 20, 1993
Bill Clinton was sworn in as the 42nd president of the United States.

January 21, 1993
President Bill Clinton called on his White House staff to uphold the highest possible ethical standards and to put the needs of the American people ahead of personal ambitions.Executive Order No. 1 requires all senior appointees to pledge that they will refrain from:

Lobbying during the five years after they leave government any agency where they have served or which they have had any responsibility for as a member of the White House staff;

Engaging in any activity on behalf of any foreign government at any time after they leave government service;

Representing any foreign government or foreign corporation in any way within five years of being involved in a trade negotiation on behalf of the U.S. government.

February 1993
Loral chief, Bernard Schwartz, began lobbying the White House to lift restrictions on satellite and military exports to China.

Bomb explodes in garage beneath the World Trade Center in New York City. Six people die. The FBI eventually arrests a group of Arab men led by Ramzi Yousef for the crime. Yousef is convicted in 1994.

March 2, 1993

Webster Hubbell had been in a Justice Department office for 5 weeks serving as "liaison" to the White House not subject to confirmation

March 9, 1993

In a letter to Clinton, Mochtar Riady proposes normalizing relations with Vietnam and maintaining China's most-favored-nation trade status.

March 23, 1993

Janet Reno dismisses all US Attorneys  in a "joint decision" with the White House Brian Mosely

April 1993
From records of meetings with the President, Miriam Nemetz reports that there was a meeting with the Riadys during this month.

Motorola, Inc. bet hundreds of millions of dollars and its corporate prestige on the assumption that the Chinese could develop a new advanced version of the Long March rocket to launch a series of Motorola satellites at a time when the existing models of the Long March weren't reliable.

C. Joseph Giroir, a former law partner of First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, incorporated the Arkansas International Development Corporation ("AIDC"). AIDC was initially capitalized by funding from the Riady's Lippo Group. The purpose of AIDC was to develop projects or joint ventures for the Lippo Group. In 1995, Giroir and Lippo formed a limited liability company, also referred to as AIDC. Through the corporation, the Riadys paid Giroir a salary of between $350,000 and $600,000 with bonuses. Similar to the Riadys, Giroir was a major contributor to the DNC. In 1996 alone, Giroir contributed close to $200,000 in conjunction with fundraisers organized by John Huang. American Spectator 12/96 James Ring;

In April 1993 Clinton waived the Tiananmen sanctions to allow Motorola to launch up to 12 satellites in China for its Iridium global wireless communications network. As part of that deal, the Chinese got help from U.S. companies in designing a "smart dispenser" that enabled them for the first time to launch multiple satellites from a single rocket. According to a December 1996 report from the Air Force National Air Intelligence Center, first revealed by Washington Times reporter Bill Gertz, the Iridium smart dispenser "could be developed into a credible PBV (post-boost vehicle) with a few relatively minor changes." Post-boost vehicles are used to deliver multiple nuclear warheads to separate orbits, so they can strike different targets independently- American Spectator 8/99 Kenneth Timmerman


A U.S. Department of Energy intelligence program called "Russian Fission" concludes that President Boris Yeltsin lacks complete control of Russia's nuclear arsenal and cannot stop an accidental missile launch. Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary shuts down the program because its conclusions run counter to official policy. Program director Jay Stewart, a highly decorated intelligence officer, is forced into early retirement by 1994. - INSIGHT J Michael Waller 10/16/99

April 5, 1993

Last Tuesday, after being on the job only 11 days, Attorney General Janet Reno had the Justice Department moving and shaking. She requested the prompt resignation of all 93 U.S. Attorneys around the country "to build a team" that represents "my views" and those of the President.. Time 4/5/93


April 13, 1993
Records indicate a meeting between James Riady and Bill Clinton at the White House and a post meeting photo-op. A phone message slip to Webb Hubbell from James Riady read: "Mr. Riady is at the OEOB. Please call."

April 16, 1993

Charlie Trie brought a delegation of Chinese government officials and businessmen including a PRC governor to the White House for what was described as a "photo-op" with Bill Clinton. Trie enlisted the help of Julia Hughes Jones, to arrange the picture between the PRC governor and President Clinton.

April 19, 1993

Waco burns.

Mochtar's son James, accompanied by Huang -- now Lippo's vice chairman in the United States -- visited Clinton in the Oval Office. White House records show that they discussed "U.S.-Chinese relations." Lippo was pressing Clinton to back normal trade relations with China. A China Connection?, PoliticsNow/Newsweek, Mark Hosenball and Evan Thomas, 02/24/97

April 26, 1993
In a letter from Hillary Rodham Clinton to Johnny Chung, the First Lady wishes Chung luck with what she described as his "innovative" fax broadcast business.

April 28, 1993
Howard Glicken was involved in soliciting a contribution of $20,000 for the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC), from Thomas Kramer, a German real estate developer active in south Florida who, as a foreign national, is forbidden to contribute to U.S. political campaigns. The FEC also discovered that Glicken solicited $40,000 for the Democratic National Committee (DNC) from Kramer at a fund-raiser with Clinton and $25,000 for an evening with Gore. (Glicken somehow arranged for a $6,000 billiards table to be donated to Gore's home. Glicken's son Monte worked for Gore until the young fellow was arrested and fined on charges of drug possession. The license plates on Glicken's two Jaguars read "GORE1" and "GORE2.")

On April 28, 1993, Motorola signed a contract with China Great Wall Industries Corp., or CGWIC, the marketing department of China Aerospace, to launch 12 of its Iridium global-communication satellites. As part of the contract the Chinese agreed to develop a "smart dispenser" allowing them to launch several satellites from a single rocket. Earlier Chinese attempts to develop such a dispenser had failed. . . . . But according to the defector, help from U.S. engineers changed all that: "Our U.S. partners gave us the specifications and technical assistance to produce the dispenser," he said, adding that engineers from Hexi traveled to Lockheed and Motorola facilities in the United States to exchange data and tweak their design. The exchanges caught the eye of U.S. intelligence analysts who were alarmed at the capabilities being transferred to an agency responsible for designing Chinese ICBMs. INSIGHT Magazine 12/29/99 Kenneth Timmerman

May, 1993

Bernard Schwartz (Loral CEO) made his first contribution to DNC, eventually donated over $1,000,000. Federal Elections Commission Reports, 1998; The Washington Times, 5/22/98

White House national security aides urged Clinton to turn down requests from Motorola and Martin-Marietta for licenses to launch commercial communications satellites aboard Chinese rockets - but the license was approved in July.

Bill Clinton approved "Most Favored Nation" status for China. With his decision, Clinton also attempted to de-link China’s MFN trading privilege from its human rights record.

May 2, 1993

Webb Hubbell attented a meeting at the NSA with Vince Foster and Bernard Nussbaum concerning encryption. Hubbell met many times with George Tenet of the National Security Council as well

May 17, 1993

The Clintons, Congressman Richardson, DOE Secretary O'Leary (among others) visited Los Alamos, rather unexpectedly. The laboratory laid off a number of long time workers (many later sued successfully to get rehired – Freeper IndiCrusade 4/99 a Los Alamos employee

May 19, 1993
Travel Office employees are fired.

May 28, 1993

Clinton issued Executive Order 12850- MFN for China - Office of Press Secretary

June, 1993

Against the wishes of DOD and State Department national security experts, Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary distributed a memorandum ordering certain Department of Energy (DOE) Nuclear Research information be declassified. In a press conference in December of that year, O'Leary stated that the disclosure was an attempt "to lift the veil of Cold War secrecy and move the Department of Energy into a new era of openness." – Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

June 3, 1993

Clinton signed an executive order giving China Most Favored Nation status

July 1993
After the G-7 summit in Tokyo, Japan, President Clinton added a handwritten message in a letter to James Riady, that he had enjoyed his visit with Soeharto of Indonesia.

China Resources increased its holdings to 50% of Hong Kong Chinese Bank, (Lippo/Riady.) paying $164 million -- some 50 percent above the bank's net worth - Taxpayer-supported international racketeering, WorldNetDaily, Charles R. Smith, 10/20/98

July, 1993

China Resources increased its holdings to 50% of Hong Kong Chinese Bank (Lippo/Riady.)

July 2, 1993
President Clinton approved the blanket waiver granting Motorola the authority to launch up to 12 Iridium satellites on China missiles.

July 19, 1993
William Sessions FBI Director was abruptly fired.

July 20, 1993

Deputy White House Counsel Vince Foster was found dead of an apparent suicide in Fort Marcy Park, just outside Washington, D.C. That evening, White House aides Patsy Thomasson and Margaret Williams, led by then White House Counsel Bernard Nussbaum, secretly searched Foster's office and removed key documents

August, 1993

Clinton appoints Paula Casey, a longtime associate, as U.S. Attorney for Little Rock.


August 2, 1993

Zhang Tong, the president of China's Great Wall Industrial Corp., the producer of the Long March, announced that his company had inked a huge deal with Motorola back in April. Great Wall is owned by China's Communist government and produces the Chinese military's intercontinental ballistic missiles, of which the Long March is just a modified version. UPI reported that the Long March would launch some of the satellites for the newly announced Iridium global cellular phone network that was going to be erected by Motorola. "(T)he first launch is scheduled for 1996 with two satellites to be hurled aboard a single rocket carrier," said UPI. At the time, China had never launched two satellites on a single rocket. The technology would be the same as launching multiple nuclear warheads.

August 2, 1993
A memo to John Emerson from David Wilhelm regarding Asian Pacific American administration appointments had attached to it is a list of Asian Pacific Americans who are interested in being considered for positions with the administration. John Huang name is on the list and it mentions that he is a DNC trustee and major fund­raiser. It also indicates itthat Huang, quote, "needs extra push for Deputy Assistant Secretary position for the East Asia and Pacific."

August 9, 1993

Aviation Week announced that Motorola had signed up Great Wall as an original partner in the consortium that would own the Iridium network - thereby a major U.S. defense contractor became partners with the Chinese-government company responsible for making China's intercontinental ballistic missiles.

August 24, 1993

US Arms Control/Nonproliferation Sanctions Against China "…1993 Prohibition of the export of Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) items and US government contracts; China criticized the sanctions on the grounds that they were based on inaccurate intelligence -Imposed pursuant to the 1990 Missile Technology Control Act -The US Under Secretary of State for International Security Affairs determined that China's Ministry of Aerospace Industry and Pakistan's Ministry of Defense had engaged in missile technology proliferation activities -Imposed against the two entities and their subsidiaries, etc., denying export licenses for items in the MTCR Annex for two years, and denial of US govt. contracts relating to the same items -Also imposed against Chinese govt. organizations involved in development or production of electronics, space systems, or equipment and military aircraft -Imposed against (Chinese entities): -Chinese Ministry of Aerospace Industry (MAI) -MAI subsidiaries sanctioned: -China Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation (CPMIEC) -China National Space Administration (CNSA) -China Aerospace Corporation (CASC) -China Great Wall Industry Corporation (CGWIC) -Chinese Academy of Space Technology (CAST) -Beijing Wan Yuan Industry Corporation (BWYIC) -China Haiying Company -Shanghai Astronautics Industry Bureau (SHBOA) -China Chang Feng Group (Pakistani entities): -Ministry of Defense -On 1 November 1994, subsequent to the 4 October 1994 US-China joint statement on missile proliferation, the US State Department determined that in the interest of US national security, it was essential to waive the sanctions against the Chinese Ministry of Aerospace Industry and all its subsidiaries -Sanctions against the Pakistani Ministry of Defense remained in place Waived 1 November 1994; Sanctions against Pakistani Ministry of Defense expired August 1995…". - Congress

August 25, 1993

After discovering that the Chinese had been selling missile technology to Pakistan, President Clinton once again banned the export of satellite launches to China. Chicago Tribune,


September, 1993
Three weeks after eating lunch with SGI's chairman, Edward McCracken, a leading Democrat donor in '92 and '96, Clinton announced sweeping liberalization of computer export standards, allowing computers of up to 194 MTOPS to be sold without a license. Until then only machines with up to 12.5 MTOPS - the power of a 486 chip desktop PC - could be sold without a license.

Silicon Graphics chairman Edward McCracken (a big DNC donor) met with Clinton. Three weeks later, Clinton announced sweeping liberalization of computer export standards.

C. Michael Armstrong (Hughes) wrote Clinton explaining sanctions against China hurt U.S. companies Los Angeles Times, 10/3/93

A letter from President Clinton to Silicon Graphics CEO Edward McCracken, promised to liberalize export controls of computers, machine tools, and telecommunications technologies. 5/27/99 Curt Weldon (R-PA)

Testimony before the Thompson Committee also revealed that in September, 1993, three Lippo companies gave $15,000 each to the DNC with John Huang signing all three checks. A thank-you note from Huang to Al Gore's chief of staff for arranging a meeting with Gore was also presented as evidence. And one of the three checks came from Hip Hing Holdings during a year when the straw company lost $490,000! Moreover, witness/Hip Hing accountant Juliana Utomo said the company lost close to $1 million during her tenure at Hip Hing. But while the Senate had no desire to ask where the million dollars went, many Americans have a sneaking suspicion. - Newsmax 8/23/99 Tom Flocco Robin Akers

Paula Casey turns down a plea bargin attempt from the attorney for David Hale. He had offered to share information on the "banking and borrowing practices of some individuals in the elite political circles of the state of Arkansas".

Hale is indicted for fraud.

Treasury Department General Counsel Jean Hanson warns Bernhard Nussbaum that the Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) plans to issue criminal referrals asking the Justice Department to investigate Madison Guaranty Savings & Loan. The referrals are said to name the Clintons as witnesses to, and possible beneficiaries of, illegal actions. Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker is also said to be a target of the investigation. Nussbaum passes the information to Clinton aide Bruce Lindsey.


September 17, 1993

Executive Order #12863 - 9/17/93 which revoked EO #12537 - 10/28/85 that established the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) and EO #12334 - 12/4/81 which established the Intelligence Oversight Board (IOB). Clinton's new EO establishes the IOB as a committee of the PFIAB and states that the OB "shall consider and take appropriate action with respect to matters identified by the Director of Central Intelligence, the Central Intelligence Agency or other agencies of the Intelligence Community." It is at the discretion of the IOB to report, or not report, to the Attorney General activities that the IOB believes may be unlawful or contrary to Executive order or Presidential directive. - 4/21/99 Gretchen Glass

September 23, 1993
Hip Hing Holdings Inc.,owned and/or controlled by James Riady and managed by Huang, contributes $15,000 made payable to the DNC. John Huang's signature, as well of that of Hip Hing's Comptroller, Agus Setiawan, appears on the check. In 1993, Hip Hing Holdings reported losings of $493,809.93. (In order for the subsidiary of a foreign corporation to make legal political contributions, the funds must be derived from U.S.profits).

Another Riady company, Toy Center Holdings, Inc., contributes $15,000 to the DNC. In 1993, Toy Center Holdings lost $26,886.67.

Huang and Riady came to the White House to meet Gore, and introduce Zhen Zhur En (ph), head of Beijing's alleged espionage front, China Resources Company. Four days later Gore attended the California fundraiser with all of them, where over $100,000 in illegal contributions out of China were received. – FoxNews 4/8/99

September 27, 1993
San Jose Holdings Inc.,another company owned and controlled by the Riady Family, contributes a $15,000 check written on the San Jose Holdings account and made payable to the "DNC". In 1993, San Jose Holdings lost $65,177.32.


September 30, 1993

White House Press Release 9/30/93 Executive Order 12868 "…Section 1. The Secretary of Commerce, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized and directed to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules, regulations, and amendments thereto, as may be necessary to regulate the activities of United States persons in order to prevent their participation in activities that could contribute to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and the means of their delivery, as provided in the Export Administration Regulations, set forth at 15 Cfr sections 768-799 (1993)…."

October, 1993

While in Beijing, Secretary of Defense William Perry announced that the People's Republic of China had agreed to cut back on underground nuclear testing. Afterwards, Clinton lifted the ban on exporting U.S.-made supercomputers to communist China.

Former US intelligence officer: "The Hua Mei deal was where it all began," ..."When one of our clients asked us to check Hua Mei out and we discovered COSTIND was behind it, we told them there was no way they would ever get U.S. government or CoCom (Coordinating Committe on Export Controls) approval to export. The technology was extremely sensitive, and the Chinese end-user was a known government collection agency. COSTIND has always been on the watch list." ... and on meeting with Chinese officials in Hong Kong in October 1993 "When I brought up the problem of export approvals, they just laughed," he recalls. "They boasted of their relationship to Perry and to John Lewis," - The American Spectator 8/99 Kenneth R. Timmerman

Lindsey informs Clinton about the confidential RTC referrals.

Clinton meets with Jim Guy Tucker at the White House.

Nine new criminal referrals on Madison Guaranty are fowarded to U.S. Attorney Paula Casey. Casey rejects the first of the referrals six days later.

October 3, 1993

Eighteen U.S. soldiers killed and 78 wounded in an attack in Somalia request to send armored vehicles and Blackhawk helicopters for backup was denied. Senate Report 9/30/95


October 4, 1993

President Clinton and Janet Reno establish openness-in-government principles - FOIA Update Spring, 1997

October 7, 1993
John Huang sent a letter to the Office of the Vice President, thanking the Vice President's Chief of Staff, Jack Quinn, for meeting in the White House with Shen Jueren, the Chairman of China Resources. China Resources is a PRC-owned entity widely reported to serve as a front for Chinese intelligence services. China Resources is also an important Lippo partner. Although not confirmed, It is believed that Vice President Gore met with Shen Jueren in the White House and also exchanged words with him at a subsequent DNC event.

October 14, 1993
The Chinese government began floating bonds in the U.S. in their own name. The bonds have raised $2.7 billion to date (1997).

October 18, l993
In a memo for Bruce Lindsey from Gary Christopherson, Associate Director of Presidential Personnel, It is acknowledged that John Huang was being appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary for East Asia and Pacific International Trade Administration at the Commerce Department.

October 29, 1993

Mr. Armstrong wrote a terse letter to President Clinton..., first highlighting how he had done what the president requested by supporting his economic and trade policies and calls for looser export controls. "I am respectfully requesting your involvement to resolve the China sanctions," Mr. Armstrong wrote, noting that he had spoken to a Chinese official who informed him Beijing was "positive" about the idea. But when then-Secretary of State Warren Christopher told the Chinese that the United States needed to see "some sign of movement" by China on curbing weapons proliferation, a National Security Council memorandum reported, "The Chinese were not forthcoming." The memo said Mr. Armstrong and Hughes Electronics "lobbied aggressively" to be allowed to sell satellites to China. - Washington Times 5/18/99 Bill Gertz

November, 1993
Nora Lum and her business partner, Oklahoma oil executive Stuart Price, formed Dynamic Energy Resources, an Oklahoma corporation that has been accused of paying hundreds of thousands of dollars to Brown's son to gain favor with the commerce secretary. Of particular importance were transactions in which Lum gave Brown's son, Michael, 5 percent of the corporation's stock and appointed him an officer and director of the firm. Michael Brown received distributions of cash based on the stock holdings, was given a lucrative lobbying contract, and received a $60,000 membership in an exclusive Virginia country club. Melinda Yee's mother, Helen Yee, was also given stock and named to the company board of directors by Lum.

Commerce Secretary Ronald H. Brown Led a trade mission to South Africa. At least five people who attended the trade mission were later found to be on a list of 139 Democratic party contributors kept on file at the Commerce Dept.

Clinton loosened export policies allowing US satellites to be launched in China while economic sanctions were in place on Beijing.

Clinton decided to permit the sale of a $8 million supercomputer to China and lifted bans on components for China's nuclear power plants.

Ira Sockowitz appointed as Commerce's special general counsel, working under Ginger Lew a confidant of John Huang. Though he had no international trade experience, he was put in charge of "vetting" companies that wanted to go on international trade missions. – Judicial Watch Larry Klayman

Webster Hubbell involved in a Justice decision to tighten the FOIA procedures relative to the White House

NSA Director Adm McConnell gave Ron Brown the NSA okay "to begin exports [computers] only days before President Clinton met with Chinese President Jiang Zemin" - Softwar 7/26/99

William Kennedy writes a note at a meeting between Clinton and his lawyer, David Kendall, that said "vacuum Rose Law files".

Paula Casey recuses herself from any more dealings with the Madison Guaranty case.

RTC investigator Jean Lewis is removed from the probe.

Clinton meets with Jim Guy Tucker again in Seattle.

November 16, 1993
Hughes letter in which Armstrong notified senior Administration national security officials that he had talked with China's vice premier, Qian Quichen. The Chinese ''are committed not to proliferate missile technology,'' if the U.S. dropped the sanctions, Armstrong wrote.

November 19, 1993

Chinese president Jiang Zemin and President Clinton met informally, Clinton said: "I think anybody would be reluctant to isolate a country as big as China." The Atlanta Journal and Constitution, 11/20/93

December, 1993

O'Leary declassified 204 previously-secret nuclear tests just before traveling to Russia. The secretary justified disclosing the secret tests in order, as she put it, to "expose the impact of the Cold War, both in terms of environmental health and safety impacts and also impacts on, if you will, the psyche of the nation." According to a Washington Post account from December 8, O'Leary's goal was to expose secrets from "an unresponsive bureaucracy wedded to a bomb-building culture." American Spectator 5/99 John B. Roberts II

December 5, 1993

Los Angeles Times "The FBI arrested a Chinese national in Charlotte, N.C., who is suspected of taking part in a spy ring that unsuccessfully sought secrets on an advanced Navy torpedo and a jet engine , a bureau announcement said Saturday. The arrest of Yen Men Kao by FBI and immigration agents on Friday wrapped up a 6 1/2-year investigation, according to the announcement..The attempted espionage targeted the Navy's MK 48 Advanced Capability Torpedo and the F 404-400 General Electric jet engine .

December 7, 1993
In a memo to fellow Arkansan Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty, who was then White House chief of staff, Marsha Scott outlined her work on the White House database project. Scott coordinated the planning and implementation of a $1.7 million taxpayer financed White House computer database that contained names and information about more than 355,000 friends and supporters of the president. That database and whether it was improperly used for Democratic Party fund raising is the subject of investigations by Congress and the Justice Department. The memo, which was also , Bruce Lindsey, a White House deputy counsel said.."Both the president and the first lady have asked me to make this my top priority,"


At the Secretary of Energy's first Openness Press Conference, Secretary O'Leary reemphasized the Department's firm commitment to the President's goal of openness in Government, outlined her Openness Initiative, and, as a signal step in that process, released a wide variety of formerly classified information to the Department's stakeholders….Today's declassifications are possible because of a change in priorities resulting from the current world situation. A comprehensive review was carried out for each and every declassification action. The information was reviewed for its national security significance including concern for nuclear weapons proliferation, terrorism, and foreign policy considerations…. Declassification can facilitate bilateral inspections between nuclear weapon states at former or current nuclear facilities pursuant to arms control reduction agreements and access by nuclear weapon states' inspectors to facilities pursuant to international safeguards and nonproliferation agreements…. " U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 12/7/93

December 8, 1993
A White House memo to then-National Security Advisor Anthony Lake. ''Armstrong is now fairly directly threatening to wage a more public campaign against the Administration's sanctions,'' the memo said. ''He has secured key congressional support, e.g. [former Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman Sam] Nunn, [the] California delegation, and suggests he may prompt a Congressional inquiry, write op-eds, and/or spur union opposition.''