Revised 6/1/00


With many thanks to Ohmlaw98!

Iran-Iraq Arms Nonproliferation Act (IIANA)
Arms Export Control Act (AECA)
Export Administration Act (EAR)
Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act (NPPA)
Director of Central Intelligence (DCI)
China's People's Liberation Army (PLA)
Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
Nonproliferation Treaty (NT)
Export-Import Bank Act (EIBA)



Economics section staff at U.S. Embassy in Moscow drafts "numerous" strongly worded diplomatic cables on corruption but senior officials block them from being sent to Washington, complaining that they clash with the official optimistic line. - INSIGHT J Michael Waller 10/16/99



"…What forced India to reassess China's intentions is that this cooperation seemed to increase after India and China signed an agreement resolving their border dispute in 1993. There was the sale of ring magnets for Pakistan's gas centrifuges in 1994, the sale of M-11 missiles in 1995, and the presence of Chinese scientists at the Pakistani nuclear research site in Kahuta…." New York Times 5/29/98

A computerized war game at the U.S. Naval War College conceptualized a sea battle between U.S. and PLA navies off China's shores in the year 2010. The battle hypothesized that China continued to acquire military technology at a rapid pace - a pace that has accelerated with Clinton's approval. The game ended with a PLA victory, according to reports in the military newspaper Navy Times.

Marc Reardon, Commerce, was told how to go about investigating how sensitive technology wound up in a Chinese missile factory "Somebody really didn't want the truth to come out." Gary Milhollin (University of Wisconsin) linked the transfer with a China/McDonnell Douglas transaction.

China Resources chairman Shen Jueren met with Vice President Al Gore at a $300,000 California fundraiser,

According to Carl Cameron of Fox News, John Huang "pressed the White House" to get Bernard Schwartz (largest DNC Contributor and Loral head) on the Commerce trade mission to China


In 1994, Dr. Siegfried Hecker, then director of Los Alamos, led a delegation of officials to Beijing for meetings designed to boost science and technology exchanges and cooperation. The Chinese government even offered to pay the group's expenses -- an offer lab officials say was declined.

To reduce costs and processing backlogs, the Los Alamos and Sandia laboratories implemented a partial exception to the Bush Administration's DOE Order 1240.2b that allowed them to largely avoid the background check process for foreign visitors to the Labs. Since then, DOE has obtained background checks on about 5 percent of the visitors from sensitive countries to these two laboratories. (GAO/RCED-97-229)

The administration started a high-priority program of lab-to-lab cooperation between U.S. scientists and their counterparts in Russia and China. Just at Los Alamos, the visits now number over 100, a spokesman says. Investor's Business Daily 4/12/99 Paul Sperry

The technology exchange is usually one-way - from us to them. Our experts show them, among other things, lab security techniques and ways to abandon underground testing. ''An awful lot of very sensitive technology has gone from the U.S. labs to Russia and China in the interest of trying to help them monitor their facilities and safeguard them,'' Gaffney said. Investor's Business Daily 4/12/99 Paul Sperry

Russian and Chinese military unites began to purchase US made supercomputers for nuclear weapons research. WorldNet Daily 4/13/99

CSPP member Tandem Corp. exported computers to China Great Wall Corp., a company owned by the Chinese Army, during a Ron Brown trade trip. A Commerce Dept. 1994 Presidential trade trip document on James Treybig states "Tandem and China Great Wall Industry will announce in August their joint venture". Another document found in the files of former Commerce Secretary Ron Brown states that Treybig "negotiated a $100 million dollar joint venture for Tandem Computers while in China". The Commerce Dept. does not have the authority to authorize export of super-computers to foreign military units such as Russian nuclear weapons labs and PLA owned Great Wall Industries. Transfers of any equipment for the development of nuclear weapons to military units constitutes a "defense service" as per the United States Munitions List (USML) and the International Trade in Arms Regulations ITAR 22 C.F.R. Part 120.9 and is strictly under the authority of the State Dept. and the Defense Dept. - WorldNetDaily 4/13/99

"The decision to allow... ATM switching technology in 1994 occurred over the objection of DoD technical experts," Maloof wrote. "Despite initial NSA concerns, it was silent when the decision finally occurred." As I wrote in "Peking Pentagon" in April 1996, it appeared that William Perry personally intervened to get NSA to drop their objections to the sale of this technology, despite the fact that the Chinese buyer was a PLA-owned company....." - The American Spectator 5/99 Kenneth R. Timmerman


During President Clinton's watch, America's most vital nuclear secrets -- guarded intensely for five decades -- have been allowed to spill out all over the world. Earlier this year, I surmised that what now worried our scientists most was the possible theft of the "Lagrangian codes" from our national laboratories. These are the supercomputer programs that -- when fed secret data "benchmarks" from all our nuclear tests -- enable foreign scientists to simulate our explosions and erase our lead. We are now informed by The New York Times' Pulitzer-Prize-winning investigative team that the codes -- "legacy codes," as they are known at Los Alamos -- were allegedly downloaded by Wen Ho Lee in 1994. Our nuclear genie is out of the bottle. Houston Chronicle 4/29/99 William Safire

Chinese General Ding Henggao announced a new project to modernize the People's Liberation Army. In 1994 General Ding Henggao was the head of COSTIND (Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense). General Ding introduced the world to the red Army "16 Characters Slogan" or "military production first" project. 4/27/99 (Charles Smith)

Dr. Lewis, Dr. Perry and General Ding helped form a U.S./China joint venture called Galaxy New Technology that included the U.S. company SCM/Brooks Telecommunications. This venture led to the direct export of advanced, secure, fiber-optic communications systems to a Chinese Army unit. 4/27/99 (Charles Smith)

Defense Secretary Perry personally pushed for the Galaxy New Technology deal and personally lobbyied against NSA objections. Perry hired one of the two key "matchmakers" of the Galaxy New Technology deal, Professor John Lewis from Stanford as his personal contractor. 4/27/99 (Charles Smith)


Satellite motor technology shared with China in 1994 by Martin Marietta Astrospace "potentially benefited PRC space launch and missile programs," the report said. Major problems with Chinese satellite "kick motors" ended after the 1994 cooperation. Bill Gertz THE WASHINGTON TIMES 5/7/99

The Commerce Dept. knew in 1993 that Great Wall, along with nine other PLA controlled companies, had sold nuclear tipped M-9 missiles to Pakistan. Less than a year later, in 1994, Great Wall was allowed to buy into the Iridium satellite project run by Motorola. The PLA share included launching Iridium satellites on Chinese rockets and a host of other advanced space technologies including satellite telemetry stations, and encrypted satellite control systems.

According to Henry Sokolski, Executive Director at the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center, the Iridium sale "helped China master the technology needed to develop its own multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles for the new solid rocket intercontinental ballistic missile it is trying to derive from SS-25 missile technology with the Russians". WorldNetDaily 5/4/99 Charles Smith

GAO found that the agency (DOE) hadn't even bothered to investigate the loss of thousands of pieces of equipment and allowed them to write off nearly $25 million - Marshfield Mail 5/12/99 Jack Anderson/Jan Moller

The dissolution of the Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls in 1994 left the United States without an effective international mechanism to control the transfer of important military technologies" - Augusta Chronicle 5/30/99 on the Cox Report

January, 1994

Janet Reno appoints Robert Fiske as an independent counsel to investigate Whitewater.

January 1, 1994

Bernard Schwartz was a candidate for Secretary of Defense Los Angeles Times, 1/21/94

January 7, 1994

It "was decided that although communications satellites licensed by the State Department are covered by the sanctions law, export licenses for communications satellites licensed by the Department of Commerce may be approved. Two such export licenses for communications satellites were recently approved by the Department of Commerce."

January 27, 1994
John Huang is granted an "interim" top secret clearance. At the time, Huang was still Vice Chairman of the Lippo Bank, and he would remain at Lippo until July 1994. Huang received the interim clearance based on a records check alone and no interviews or other investigation of his background.

January 31, 1994

John Huang of Lippo was granted top secret security clearance without the usual background checks.

January-July, 1994

NSA Clipper Chip discussions (re Hubbell.) were in process. Commerce would have the keys.

February, 1994

Ng Lap Seng, a wealthy Macau businessman with ties to organized crime, became Charlie Trie’s partner in his attempt to purchase the dilapidated Camelot Hotel in Little Rock. Trie and Ng entered the U.S. in March 1994 to discuss the hotel proposal and inspect the building. Ng brought $80,000 in cash with him on his trip to the United States. Witnesses later saw Ng give Trie thousands of dollars in cash. These seem to be the earliest examples of the receipt by Trie of large amounts of money from Ng Lap Seng. In the coming years, Trie was to receive over $1 million from Ng, over $130,000 of which he would funnel into the DNC. One prominent lawyer who assisted Trie and Ng was C. Joseph Giroir. Giroir was a close friend of Clinton and a major DNC fundraiser.

James Riady hosted a luncheon for Commerce Department officials traveling in Indonesia to promote the U.S.-ASEAN Alliance for Mutual Growth. The luncheon attendees included Commerce Undersecretary Jeffrey Garten and Deputy Undersecretary David Rothkopf, who would later be John Huang’s superiors in the International Trade Administration at Commerce. Rothkopf was unable to recall who at the Commerce Department had organized the luncheon, which was held at James Riady’s home. However, Rothkopf recalled that Melinda Yee, a good friend of John Huang and the Riady family, did attend the luncheon as well. Melinda Yee invoked her Fifth Amendment rights against self-incrimination and is not cooperating in the Committee’s investigation. Ms. Yee had assisted in organizing a Commerce Department contract signing ceremony with the Lippo Group and its American joint venture partner. Along with Melinda Yee, John Huang and Lippo consultant Joe Giroir played a major role in the Lippo contract’s inclusion in the signing ceremony.

Acting head of the RTC, Roger Altman meets with Bernard Nussbaum and other top White House aides to give them a "heads up" about the Madison Guaranty probe. Washington RTC attorney April Breslaw meets with investigator Jean Lewis.

FBI arrests CIA agent Aldrich Ames for being a Russian spy.

Altman recuses himself from the Madison investigation.

February 8, 1994
The Conservative Caucus launched the Coalition for a Congressional Impeachment Inquiry.

February 11, 1994
At a press conference, Paula Jones announces her allegations and her demand for a presidential apology.

March, 1994

Commerce requested a presidential waiver, the one signed in July, stating the MTCR "does not list satellites per se" and went on to note that the administration determined in January 1994 that satellites controlled by Commerce were not subjection to MTCR sanctions law.

From October 1992 to March 1994, The Bank of China raised $850 million on four bond issues. Insight Magazine Vol. 13, No. 17 5/12/97 By Timothy W. Maier.

Clinton led an effort that dissolved the Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls, or COCOM, leaving the U.S. without an effective international mechanism to control the transfer of critical military technologies - INVESTOR'S BUSINESS DAILY 6/9/99 Paul Sperry

Clinton aides Mack McLarty, Erskine Bowles, Mickey Kantor, and others have a series of meetings to arrange financial aide for Web Hubbell who is under investigation for bilking his Rose Law Firm partners.

Bernard Nussbaum resigns as White House counsel. Lloyd Cutler is named to replace him.

March 13, 1994
Members of the Clintons' inner circle gathered at the executive mansion to discuss a wave of unsettling Whitewater developments: On hand for the meeting were the president; Hillary Clinton; McLarty, then White House chief of staff; Margaret Williams, Hillary Clinton's top aide; Deputy White House Counsel Bruce Lindsey; and David E. Kendall, the outside lawyer for the Clintons. Toward the end of the meeting, McLarty informed those present that Hubbell would resign, probably the next day. Based on McLarty's recollection, he then told Hillary Clinton, out of earshot of others, that he would seek to help Hubbell financially. The first lady, according to McLarty, nodded her approval.

March 14, 1994
Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell announced his resignation following damaging disclosures concerning his Rose Law Firm billing practices.

March 19, 1994
The complaint against Webb Hubbell is filed.

March 23, 1994
Ng Lap Seng brings $80,000 into US from China.

An F-16 fighter jet collides with a C-130 transport at Pope Air Force Base, N.C., killing 23 paratroopers. The Associated Press 4/9/00

March 25, 1994

Chinese Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control Policies: Implications and Options for the United States Report for Congress, 94-422 S Robert Sutter "…Chinese nuclear arms control policies are designed to foster a positive international image and to encourage U.S., Russian and other arms control measures helpful to Chinese security, without substantially limiting China's ability to improve its comparatively poor strategic position vis-a-vis Washington and Moscow…."

April, 1994
Joe Giroir, who helped hire Hillary Clinton at the Rose Law Firm, used his Arkansas contacts to set up a meeting there in April 1994 for prospective Chinese partners with Lippo in a huge China power-plant project. Huang, then head of Lippo's U.S. operations, wanted a regular role for himself in the Clinton Administration, and it is believed that Giroir pulled strings to get Huang hired in July 1994 as a Commerce Department deputy assistant secretary, a job that gave him access to classified economic data from Asian countries where Lippo has a big stake. At Commerce, Huang stayed in regular contact with Giroir, as well as Lippo, and frequented the Washington office of a company that Giroir represented, using its phones and a fax machine for what investigators suspect were transmissions of secret material to Lippo. Giroir knew the Riadys and formerly a board member of Worthen National Bank, which they owned jointly with the investment firm Stephens Inc.

U.S. Defense Secretary William Perry sat down with his Chinese counterpart, Gen. Ding Henggao of the People's Liberation Army. Together, Perry and Ding hammered out a series of agreements for U.S. technology transfers to China which were approved by President Clinton. In 1994, Ding served not only as a three-star general in the Chinese Army but also as director of China's Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense or "COSTIND." COSTIND owns Wang Jun's company Poly Technologies Corp. Poly Technologies also is backed by the Lippo Group and Bill Clinton's Indonesian billionaire friends -- the Riadys. World Net Daily 3/9/99 plus

In a deposition given to Judicial Watch, a conservative legal group, longtime Commerce employee Christine Sopko said Kearney - her boss - was in frequent contact with Trie. Sopko said Kearney faxed to Trie's office in Little Rock the schedule for Brown's 1994 trade mission to China. Trie has boasted he set up a dinner for Brown in Beijing. – Judicial Watch, Larry Klayman

James Carville announces that a "food chain" exists in the media whereby various "right-wing conspiracy theorists" and organizations distribute negative articles through venues such as the internet and that the mainstream media picks them up and prints them without verifying the accuracy. This theory was later published and selectively released in a 331 page document prepared by the White House entitled the "Communication Stream of Conspiracy Commerce".

Vernon Jordan arranged employment for Webb Hubbell with billionaire financier Ronald Perelman's MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings. Hubbell was paid more than $60,000 for this contract.

GAO: ".(4) the Chinese military is seeking to acquire asynchronous transfer mode ( ATM ) and SDH equipment , which may benefit its command and control networks by the end of the next decade ; (5) the creation of the new general license category , GLX by the Commerce Department in April 1994, allowed the export of ATM and SDH equipment to civil end users without a validated license having to be issued by Commerce ; (6) determining who is a civil end user under GLX is the responsibility of the exporting companies ."

The Clinton administration announced a new license policy for telecommunications exports. High Tech sales for commercial applications would, according to a Commerce Department document, "use a General License, GLX which does not require prior US Government approval for export." Thus began project "Hua Mei" and the transfer of US encryption technology to China. World Net Daily 3/9/99 Charles Smith

April 2, 1994

A Long March failed killing one and injuring 20.

April 8, 1994
Hubbell left the Justice Department. A few days later, McLarty called Truman Arnold, a Texas oilman and FOB; and Arnold hired Hubbell. McLarty also asked Jordan to help Hubbell out. Bowles took time off from his work at the SBA to personally escort Hubbell to the offices of a Washington investment executive, and also introduced Hubbell to two North Carolina lawyers, but these efforts failed. Kantor helped Hubbell's son find work with the Federal National Mortgage Association.

April 13, 1994
The Washington Times reported that former Clinton campaign workers stated that the campaign gathered documentation detailing hundreds of thousands of dollars in cash flow between Madison and Whitewater. The campaign workers stated that these documents were collected and then hidden away.

May, 1994

Paula Corbin Jones files a sexual harassment lawsuit against Clinton.

May 3, 1994
It is reported that President Clinton will retain Bob Bennett, at $475.00 an hour, to defend the Paula Jones case. David Kendall of Williams & Connolly will continue to defend him in the Whitewater investigation.

May 5, 1994
Dynamic Energy Corporation (Nora Lum) contributes $2,000.00 in two separate contributions to the "Kennedy for Senate Campaign."

May 6, 1994
A Hong Kong-based company named Lucky Port Investments, Limited, wired $100,000 to an account maintained by Trie and his wife at First Commercial Bank in Little Rock. LippoBank Los Angeles served as an intermediary for the transaction. Prior to receipt of the $100,000 from Lucky Port, the balance in Trie's First Commercial account was only $3,759. Lippo Group executive and Trie business associate Antonio Pan served as a director of the company at the time that the wire transfer was made.

Paula Jones sues Bill Clinton in federal court, alleging he asked her to a hotel room during a 1991 state conference and exposed himself to her. She seeks $700,000 in damages. – AP 5/23/00

May 14,1994
Charlie Trie contributes $20,000 to the DNC...(allocated to "hard money" account)

Charlie Trie contributes $60,000 to the DNC.

May 18, 1994
A Cleveland, Ohio subsidiary, Yuchai America, which exists solely to purchase sensitive dual-use technology in the United States, attempted to ship two sophisticated five-axis milling machines to China. The machines were intercepted by U.S. Customs and impounded. The case was eventually handed over to the Commerce Department, which brushed aside concerns that the milling machines would enhance Chinese military manufacturing capabilities, and allowed the company to ship them to China in late 1995. - Kenneth R. Timmerman 6/97 American Spectator

May 25, 1994
Wang Mei Trie (Charlie Trie's wife) contributes $20,000 to the DNC....(allocated to "hard money" account)

Summer, 1994

Chinese Military Science, General Ding: ".we must study defense- commercial dual-purpose technology and possible transfers from commercial technology to defense use.. In the process of our opening to the world, we should seize every favorable opportunity to import advanced technology from abroad...." General Ding is COSTIND chairman.

June 1994
The Clinton's create the "Presidential Legal Expense Trust", to take in contributions to help pay their personal legal expenses in the Whitewater and Paula Jones cases.

A USAID Rule of Law contractor denounces a consultant, a specialist in Russian crime, as "a bomb with a lit fuse. Her hobby horse is that the AID privatization program has been exploited by Russian organized crime." The contractor sends out a derogatory memorandum about the consultant and implies that she must be silenced. - INSIGHT J Michael Waller 10/16/99

Lippo pays Web Hubbell $100,000 for unknown work. Hubbell was under pressure to cooperate with the Whitewater investigation.

Independent counsel Robert Fiske concludes Foster's death was a suicide and clears the White House and Treasury Department of obstruction of justice charges over their contacts with the RTC.

In June of 1994, presidential aide and Democrat Party fund-raiser Mark Middleton received a letter from Loral Chairman Bernard Schwartz -- a million-dollar donor to the Democrat Party and a donor to Mrs. Clinton's New York Senate bid -- in which he thanked Middleton for a 1994 meeting at the White House with another top Clinton aide "Mr. McLarty." This reporter obtained the letter from the U.S. Commerce Department by using the Freedom of Information Act. While Schwartz says his company never sought special treatment, the meeting, according to a Loral attachment, was to ask Russia to change their "GLONASS" navigation satellite system to another radio frequency. - World Net Daily 3/1/00 Charles Smith

June 2, 1994

Clinton said he would no longer consider China's human rights record in considering MFN status.

June 7, 1994
John Huang was formally notified of his appointment as a mid-level trade official, according to Commerce Department records.

June 11, 1994

DNC Finance Director Richard Sullivan memo to David Mercer about a fundraising event listing James Riady and Mochtar Riady as new member/contributors, about James Riady it said "FOB; Former president, Wortham [sic] Bank in Little Rock; Clinton/DNC donor thru John Huang; Huang requested his invitation and that we send it to Huang's address"

June 20, 1994
Ng Lap Seng brings $175,000 into US from China.

June 21, 1994
Daihatsu International Trading Corp. (Trie's Business) contributes $7,500 to the DNC.

Internal DNC memoranda indicates that James Riady was on a list of invitees to a DNC Business Leadership Forum ("BLF") event at the White House held on this date. The memorandum lists Riady as a current BLF member, and describes him as, "FOB [Friend of Bill]; Former President Wortham [sic] Bank in Little Rock; Clinton/DNC donor through John Huang; Huang requested his invitation and that we send it to Huang’s address." James Riady and Huang did attend the BLF reception at the White House, after they met with then-Special Assistant to the President Mark Middleton, who also attended the reception

June 22, 1994
Ng Lap Seng and Charlie Trie meet with Mark Middleton at the White House.

Ng Lap Seng attends a DNC dinner and is seated at "table 1" with President Clinton.

Charlie Trie attended a Presidential Gala in Washington, D.C with Bill Clinton in return for giving $100,000 to the DNC to help pay for the event. Trie was solicited to make this contribution by Richard Mays, a close friend of the President from Arkansas. Mays had been appointed to the Arkansas bench by Governor Clinton, and was also a longtime major DNC donor and fundraiser. Mays claimed he had no concern that a political novice with little apparent wealth had pledged $100,000 to the DNC. Rather than conducting any background research of Trie, or looking into the source of Trie’s funds, he introduced Trie to Terry McAuliffe, then the Finance Chairman of the DNC. Mays set up a breakfast meeting between McAuliffe and Trie. At this meeting, Trie confirmed that he would make a $100,000 contribution to the DNC, and asked only that he be prominently seated at the June 22 gala. In 1997, congressional investigators learned that the $100,000 contribution originated from Ng Lap Seng. (see May 6, 1994) Trie was permitted to bring two tables of guests to the June 22 gala. Among his invitees were: Ng Lap Seng, Pun Nun Ho, the wife of Ng; Jude Kearney, a Deputy Assistant Secretary at the Department of Commerce; and Anita Middleton, the mother of Trie associate Mark Middleton. Trie and his wife were seated at the head table with the President, Vernon Jordan, and DNC Chairman David Wilhelm.

June 23, 1994
Hubbell's has breakfast and lunch with James Riady, the head of the Lippo Group, a multibillion-dollar Indonesia-based conglomerate. That same month, according to knowledgeable sources, a Lippo subsidiary paid Hubbell $100,000. Little work, if any, was expected from Hubbell in return for the money, according to a source familiar with some of Lippo's activities.

John Huang attended aWhite House meeting with James Riady and Mark Grobmyer, a Little Rock lawyer who has tried to put together several international trade deals, including some with Lippo. It is believed but not confirmed that they met with Clinton. This meeting was sandwiched in between Riady's breakfast and lunch with Hubbell.

June 25, 1994

James Riady and John Huang met privately with Clinton after his radio address.

June 26, 1994

Webster Hubbell was retained by Lippo Group for $100,000 and John Huang was given a $900,000 severance check from Lippo.

June 30, 1994
A Letter is sent from Ari Swiller to Charlie Trie welcoming Trie to the DNC's Trustee Program.

Nora Lum contributes $2,000.00 in two separate contributions to the "Friends of Patrick Kennedy Campaign."

Nora Lum contributes $10,000.00 to the "Kennedy/ DSCC Victory Fund"

July, 1994

Anthony Lake said in a classified memo that a presidential waiver in July 1994 for the US made Echostar satellite "will implement the U.S. decision made in November 1993 that Commerce- controlled satellites are not covered by the missile sanctions law and can therefore be processed for export to China." A White House memo at the same time said it would "complete the U.S. commitment made in November 1993 to the PRC regarding approval of three U.S. commercial satellites to be launched from China."

In a separate affidavit given to Judicial Watch, Commerce aide Robert Atkins said political documents bearing the logo "Democratic National Committee" and "The Executive Office of the President" were regularly shredded at Commerce. Atkins worked as an international trade specialist at Commerce from July 1985 until February 1994. "This amount of shredding exceeded that in 1992 (during the Bush administration's last year), so much so that the shredder was repeatedly broken," Atkins said in the affidavit, a copy of which was obtained by USA TODAY.

Chung attended a meeting of the National Governor's Association to try to get business (at this event he took pictures of himself with virtually all prominent political attendees). It was at this meeting that he met a White House official, Reta Lewis, then Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs - Committee on Government Reform 5/12/99

July 13, 1994

Clinton signed the waiver

Mid July 1994

"I first began investigating the sell-off of U.S. defense production equipment to China in 1994 for Time magazine. At that time, U.S. government sources provided me with documentation detailing how a Chinese military manufacturing company, CATIC, was seeking to buy advanced machine-tools from a McDonnell Douglas plant in Columbus, Ohio. Customs inspectors and Defense Department analysts raised concerns from the outset because the Columbus plant had been used to produce the B-1 bomber and the C-17, the largest military jet cargo plane in the world. The equipment and the manufacturing processes used in the plant were considered critical military technologies and were safeguarded by strict export controls - until Mr. Clinton came around. In a letter sent to McDonnell Douglas executives in late 1993, CATIC made clear that if the U.S. company wanted to sell more airliners to China, they would have to overcome the U.S. government objections one way or another. If not, CATIC intended to cancel a follow on contract to purchase more MD-80 and MD-90 series aircraft. CATIC's approach was out-and-out blackmail.......As I pursued my investigation in the summer of 1994, I discovered that the Columbus plant was not the only one the Chinese were attempting to buy. They had approached Allison in Indianapolis to purchase sensitive helicopter manufacturing equipment and jigs, and Heinz Aerospace in Philadelphia to purchase helicopter engine manufacturing gear. They were also attempting to buy an entire factory from Garrett Engines, a unit of Allied Signal, so they could manufacture small gas turbine engines that could be fitted into a new generation of advanced cruise missile…….My investigation was scheduled for publication in mid-July 1994, but was pulled abruptly on a Friday afternoon. Only later did I learn why: Time editors had been contacted by political appointees at the Department of Commerce, who protested my story and requested that Time withhold it from publication until the administration could better spin the facts. In their defense, Time editors called my investigation "advocacy" journalism….." - Washington Times 2/24/00 Kenneth Timmerman

July 18, 1994

Huang began working for Commerce.

Hubbell has a meeting with the President Clinton at Camp David.

John Huang joined the Department of Commerce as the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary (PDAS) for International Economic Policy although Commerce Department officials concluded that Huang lacked the professional qualifications to handle substantive trade and export policy, and understood Huang's responsibilities would be confined to administrative matters. (While at Commerce, Huang was very nearly an invisible man. In his eighteen months as PDAS-IEP, he left virtually no mark. Indeed, in interviews and depositions conducted by the Committee, many of Huang's subordinates, colleagues, and supervisors were at a loss to explain what occupied his time, apart from routine bureaucratic meetings and some light administrative work.)for example, Garten had misgivings about Huang. "I was uncomfortable with Huang, because one doesn't have a lot of time in these situations, but my instinct, as someone who had lived and worked in Asia, was that he wasn't the kind of person who ought to represent the American government."

July 21, 1994

[LAB SECURITY] The controls were still in place when Clinton took office, but then in 1994 the Los Alamos and Sandia labs implemented exceptions to the Bush order to avoid background checks for foreign visitors. That is what opened the flood gates. ...... "DOE 1240.2B will be revised to reflect these modifications." This action abolished the terms "sensitive facility" and "security facility" and focused the reporting requirements on "Security Areas", excepting property protection areas. ER strongly endorsed this modification...The modification was explained in the notice as, "Since open communication is fundamental to the economic vitality of the international community, this notice removes necessary impediments to the free flow and exchange of ideas and technology." April 1997 Tommy D. Chang, NN-10

July 25, 1994
Four months after Hubbell announced his resignation, he left a phone message for Bruce Lindsey, Clinton's deputy White House counsel, urging him to attend a dinner party gathering for a group of major campaign contributors with Truman Arnold, an oil executive based in Texarkana, Texas. Both Lindsey and Clinton attended the dinner party, according to people who were present. Hubbell did not.

July 26, 1994
Bank records reveal A $100,000 wire transfer from an account maintained at the Bank of China, Macau branch, by Ng Lap Seng to Daihatsu International Trading Corp.'s account at First Commercial Bank in Little Rock. The balance in Daihatsu's account at the time it received the wire transfer was only $472. One day after Ng wired the money to Daihatsu, Wang Mei Trie wrote a $25,500 check on Daihatsu's account to Yah Lin Trie. Before the deposit of the $25,500 check, the balance in Trie's account was only $414.

July 28, 1994
A memo, marked "confidential," was sent by Marsha Scott to Hillary Clinton, Bruce Lindsey and Harold Ickes. This memo was characterized by investigators as an indication that the first lady had signed off on an effort to transfer information from the White House's database to the Democratic National Committee or the Clinton-Gore re-election campaign.

July 31, 1994
Ng Lap Seng brings $42,000 into US from China.

Before August, 1994

Hubbell received money from Riadys for little or no work

August 1994
The U.S. endorsement of the plan to build a joint U.S.-Chinese power plant in northern China was announced by Commerce Secretary Ron Brown at a trade mission in Beijing. The project was later shelved.

Theodore O. Stein, former top aide to Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan and now a candidate for Los Angeles city attorney, hired the disgraced former Justice Department official Webb Hubbell on an $8,500-a-month, no-bid contract to lobby federal transportation officials for the city.

CSPP members Tandem, Digital, Compaq, Unisys, AT&T and Cray Super computers were all invited to travel with Ron Brown on his now infamous trade trip to Beijing in August 1994 by President Clinton. Tandem computers (now part of Digital - Compaq) sold over $100 million dollars of computers to China Aerospace for the Long March rocket mission control. China Aerospace is also accused of passing illegal donation money from the Chinese army to Clinton's 1996 campaign. Starting in 1994 CSPP was represented by the brother of Clinton advisor, John Podesta. CSPP executive Ken Kay was also an employee of Podesta Associates – WorldNetDaily Charles Smith 7/21/98

Schwartz, went to China with Ron Brown (Commerce Secretary, former chair of DNC) with personal approval of Clinton on a "Presidential Business Development Mission" - items on the list were high tech weapons and a special request to remove "technology transfer restrictions where unnecessary" and "permit occasional Russian or Chinese launch."

Schwartz met in Beijing: Bao Peide, 5th Vice Minister of the PRC and head of CAAC (Civil Aviation of China,) Zou Jia Hua, Vice Minister National Technology Planning, Zhu Roug-ji, Vice Premier of National Finance, .Liu Ju-Yuan, Minister of China Aerospace Corporation (makes both satellite orbiter version of Long March and the nuclear tippled missile version for the PLA) - and boss of Chung's contact who provided contributions for the DNC and Clinton/Gore, and Shen Rong-Jun, Vice Minister of COSTIND, boss of Wang Jun ("Chinese Arms Dealer" who met Clinton through Trie.) WorldNetDaily 3/16/99 Charles Smith

Ron Brown wrote a briefing document for Bernard Schwartz titled "Background Information." The document states among other things "Last August (1993), the U.S. imposed sanctions on China for an M-11 missile-related transfer to Pakistan. On January 7, 1994 it was decided that although communications satellites licensed by the State Department are covered by the sanctions law, export licenses for communications satellites licensed by the Department of Commerce may be approved. Two such export licenses for communications satellites were recently approved by the Department of Commerce."

While on the China trade mission, Secretary Brown praised Loral. Shortly after, Loral secured a $250 million deal, beating out Motorola Corp., which had no one traveling with Secretary Brown.

Meeting with million-dollar DNC donor Bernard Schwartz and Lt. General Shen (see Hughes employee, Shen’s son Shen Jun – lead software engineer on all Chinese satellites) WorldNetDaily 3/30/99 Charles Smith

During the China trade mission, Commerce Secretary Ron Brown personally traveled to Beijing where he attended the signing ceremony involving the Lippo Group joint venture with an American partner for the North China Power Group.

Charlie Trie also traveled to Beijing with Ron Brown. Trie may not have made the invitation list to the "Peak" in Hong Kong but, according to then-Commerce General Counsel Ginger Lew, Trie attended high-level meetings during the August 1994 trade mission to Beijing. Trie is not listed as being invited nor listed as traveling with Brown. Yet, Ms. Lew, who did attend as part of the official U.S. delegation, testified that she saw Charlie Trie in Beijing. - Taxpayer-supported international racketeering, WorldNetDaily, Charles R. Smith, 10/20/98

PLA meeting."...One such documented transfer began in an August 1994 meeting between the PLA warlords and Clinton administration officials in Beijing. The Chinese army side of the August 1994 meeting included top PLA officers such as Ding and Huai, who were accompanied by Gen. Deng Yousheng and Maj. Gen. Hou Gang, the deputy director of the Intelligence Department, Headquarters of General Staff of the PLA. The August 1994 PLA meeting also included an exclusive club of U.S. academia, selected by the Clinton administration to join a "U.S./Chinese Defense Conversion Commission," then run by Defense Secretary Dr. William Perry and Gen. Ding. Some of the other U.S. invitees included Commerce Deputy Undersecretary Dr. Barry Carter, a former law professor from Georgetown University, Dr. Eden Woon, the Executive Secretary for DOD Secretary Perry, and Dr. John Lewis, listed as a "Stanford University Civilian Consultant to SecDef." ..."

A three-judge panel removes Robert Fiske as independent counsel for conflicts of interest and names Kenneth Starr to replace him.

Chinese Gen. Xu Huizi is secretly invited to a meeting with Defense Secretary William Perry at the Pentagon. Gen. Xu was the tactical leader of the Tiananmen Square massacre.

Madison investigator Jean Lewis is placed on administrative leave.

Roger Altman resigns as Deputy Treasury Secretary.

Treasury Department General Counsel Jean Hanson resigns.

August 1, 1994
Ng Lap Seng Meets with Mark Middleton at the White House, and later attends the DNC Clinton Birthday Party.

Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie contributes $20,000 to the DNC.

August 2, 1994

Charlie Trie contributed an additional $20,000 to attend the Presidential Birthday fundraiser in Prince George’s County, Maryland. The source of this $20,000 was a wire transfer of $100,000 from Ng Lap Seng’s Bank of China bank account in Macau. Ng Lap Seng came to the United States to attend this event. Although Ng did not officially contribute any money to the event, and was in fact not legally eligible to contribute, he is listed as an "Event Benefactor" in the event program. According to internal DNC documents, "Event Benefactors" were required to either contribute $10,000 or raise $25,000 for the event. Trie’s contributions to the June and August events brought him far more than a seat at the President’s table and two nights of contact with Democratic party donors. Shortly after the August 2 event, Trie made at least five requests of the DNC, including the request to participate in the Department of Commerce trade mission to China in August-September of 1994.

Chung gives his first $11,000 to the Democratic National Committee at President Clinton's 48th birthday party. He will donate a total of $366,000 to the DNC by the 1996 election.

Lewis also made Chung aware that the DNC was hosting an event for the President's Birthday on August 2, 1994, the same day as the meeting at the White House. A check from Chung to the DNC was picked up at his hotel on the evening of August 1. The check was picked up by Grace Ho, a DNC official..... At the DNC's August 2, 1994, birthday event, Chung met Richard Sullivan and David Mercer. Through Reta Lewis, Chung also met Jude Kearney, who told him that Ron Brown was putting together a business delegation going to China later in the month - Committee on Government Reform 5/12/99

August 5, 1994
Starr was appointed Whitewater independent counsel by a 3 judge panel.

August 10, 1994

Clinton asks court to dismiss the lawsuit on grounds of presidential immunity. Judge later refuses. – AP 5/23/00

August 14-20, 1994

EAR export expired, President invoked the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (E.O. 12924)


August 27-September 3, 1994
Loral chief Bernard Schwartz accompanied Commerce Secretary Ron Brown on a trade mission to China. Schwartz briefed Brown on Loral military products in preparation for that trade trip, seeking Brown's support for selling the Chinese electronic countermeasures gear made by Loral for the Navy's top-line F-18 fighter. He also sought to sell the Chinese airborne military reconnaissance cameras, missile guidance systems, laser designation pods, and shipboard weapons systems. Records from the trip obtained by congressional investigators show that Schwartz met with top officials at China Aerospace Corporation, and with the deputy chairman of the Commission of Science, Technology & Industry for National Defense (COSTIND), China's top military procurement board. It is against the law to discuss U.S. military products without first obtaining a State Department marketing license. Schwartz and Loral refused to respond to repeated queries on this and related issues.

August 18, 1994
Kenneth Wynn, President of a Lippo subsidiary, LippoLand, and his wife, contributed a total of $15,000 to the DNC. "Jane Huang" was listed as the solicitor of these contributions.

September 1994
Trie opened a branch office of Daihatsu in Washington, D.C., in a leased residential cooperative apartment at the Watergate.. He used his Watergate venue to host delegations of visiting Chinese businessmen who gathered for receptions and parties with Trie's local friends and political contacts. Ng Lap Seng, Ng's bookkeeper Keshi Zhan, and former Lippo Group executive and Trie business associate Antonio Pan also used the Watergate Office while in Washington.

Export license was approved for McDonnell to sell dozens of planes to China subject to a provision that they be sent exclusively to a facility in Beijing where they could be monitored. U.S. did not inspect before shipment. No such factory existed. Six of the machines were sent to a major center for Chinese missile programs, Nanchang. Also, McDonnell-Douglas "was getting Commerce Department approval to supply special manufacturing equipment to China" over objections from JCS and DIA. It was supposed to be for commercial aircraft but some went to a Chinese plant that makes jet fighters and cruise missiles for the PLA

Over the objections of State, CIA, and DOD, Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown approved an export license for very sophisticated "five axis tools" that are used for, among other things, the manufacture of aircraft components. Beijing promised that these previously embargoed tools would be used in commercial aircraft production.

Donald Smaltz is named as independent counsel to investigate Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy.

September 20, 1994
White House adviser and fund-raiser Harold Ickes, in a memo, informed Clinton of a $3 million shortfall in the DNC coffers. Ickes urged Clinton to personally tap Schwartz, Vernon Jordan, and Democratic Senator Jay Rockefeller "in order to raise an additional $3,000,000 to permit the Democratic National Committee to produce and air generic TV/radio spots as soon as Congress adjourns.".... "Mr. Schwartz is prepared to do anything he can for the Administration," Ickes noted. Over the next twelve months, the Loral chief personally contributed $240,000 to the DNC.

An Ickes memo urges Clinton to personally tap Schwartz, Vernon Jordan, and Democratic Senator Jay Rockefeller regarding a $3 million DNC financial need: "Mr. Schwartz is prepared to do anything he can for the Administration."

A memo from Ickes to the President to raise money for campaign blitz, says to invite Mr. Schwartz to a breakfast to impress him with the need to raise $3,000,000 in 2 weeks

September 21, l994
A memo to John Huang from Joe Hanna is sent regarding the Arkansas delegation list.

A Letter was sent from the DNC's Terry McAuliffe to Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie inviting Trie to become a member of the National Finance Board of Directors.

September 30, 1994
John Huang wrote a memo to David Rothkopf, Deputy Undersecretary for International Economic Policy, urging that President Clinton host the U.S. Thai Business Council inaugural at the White House. Seven days later, on October 6, 1994, the U.S. Thai Business Council inaugural was held at the White House, attended by President Clinton and Thai Prime Minister. Later that month, Huang attended a U.S. Thai Business Council meeting. Two days following that meeting, Pauline Kanchanalak, then head of the U.S. Thai Business Council, contributed $32,500 to the DNC.

October, 1994
Charlie Trie incorporated a company in Little Rock for Ng Lap Seng called San Kin Yip International Trading Corp. Trie explained to the Washington Post that San Kin Yip International Trading Corp., which possessed the same mailing address as Daihatsu, was related to Ng's Macau-based real estate development and investment companies called the San Kin Yip Group. The Washington Post also reported that San Kin Yip International Trading Corp. was created to "import textiles and other goods and export chemicals, machinery and advanced technology." Subpoenaed San Kin Yip International Trading Corp.'s bank records, however, revealed "neither earnings nor any genuine business activity."I n spite of Trie's lack of success as an international trader (and the significant expenses associated with his unsuccessful ventures), Trie, his family, and businesses still managed to contribute a total of $220,000 to the DNC between 1994 and 1996.

Defense Secretary William Perry signed an agreement with COSTIND chairman Lieutenant General Ding Henggao to provide for technology transfers from the U.S. to Beijing under the "U.S.-China Defense Conversion Commission." World Net Daily 3/9/99 Charles Smith

Secretary of State Warren Christopher announced that he had cut a deal with Chinese Foreign Minister Qian Qichen. The Chinese said they would stop proliferating missile technology and adhere to the dictates of the 1973 Missile Technology Control Regime, and the Clinton administration agreed to ease controls on high-tech exports to China, including satellites. There was no guarantee the Long March would work.

Secreatary of Defense William Perry joined with General Ding (China's top weapons scientist, and he commands China's best spies) to create the U.S.-China Defense Conversion Commission, which would help the Red Chinese acquire defense-related technologies and expertise. World Net Daily 3/9/99 Charles Smith

Perry promised PLA General Ding a "Cray supercomputer to be used by the Chinese nuclear weapons establishment to help design newer and safer nukes." In addition, according to the Commerce Dept. documents, PLA Generals openly discussed with the Clinton officials a wide array of military technology including the main functions of the Army unit COSTIND, "1) Aerospace, 2) Aviation, 3) Electronics, 4) Ground Force Military Equipment, 5) Shipbuilding,[and] 6) Nuclear". 4/27/99 (Charles Smith)

From March 1993 to October 1994, CITIC raised $800 million on five bond issues. [Wang Jun chairman] Insight Magazine Vol. 13, No. 17 5/12/97 By Timothy W. Maier.

Abner Mikva replaces Lloyd Cutler as White House Counsel.

Mike Espy resigns.

October 5, 1994
At 9:00 a.m., John Huang receives an intelligence briefing from John Dickerson (CIA). At 5:49 p.m. on the same day, a fax was sent from Stephens D.C. (Huang's office across the street from his Commerce Dept. office) to Lippo Ltd. in Hong Kong. At 4:20 p.m. the next day, a fax was sent from Stephens D.C. to the Director of Lippo Bank in Indonesia.

October 19, 1994
Ng Lap Seng brings $25,000 into US from China.

October 20, 1994
Ng Lap Seng meets with Mark Middleton at the White House.

Ng Lap Seng has 100,000 wired from his Bank of China- Macau branch account into a newly opened account in the name of San Kin Yip International Trading Corp San Kin Yip account in Little Rock. Nine days earlier, The account was opened by Charlie Trie with a $500 deposit.

San Kin Yip Int. Trading Corp. (Charlie Trie) contributes $15,000 to the DNC.

October 25, 1994

DNC Chairman David Wilhelm wrote a letter to Charlie Trie, thanking him for the San Kin Yip contribution of $15,000 on October 20. It was later learned, however, that the facts regarding the San Kin Yip contribution were not what Trie and the DNC claimed them to be. First, the signature on the San Kin Yip check was that of Ng Lap Seng, not Charlie Trie. Second, DNC records indicate that the DNC knew that the check came from Ng Lap Seng, and not Charlie Trie. A contribution list for the October 20 event credits Ng with this contribution. Therefore, Wilhelm’s letter to Trie was unnecessary, and was either mistaken, or was made with the purpose to distract from the fact that the $15,000 contribution was from Ng Lap Seng, not Charlie Trie.

November, 1994
President Clinton travels to Indonesia with a U.S. delegation. Webb Hubbell and Bruce Lindsey were prominent members of the delegation. They meet twice with Mochtar and James Riady.

APEC Conference in Jakarta: Hosted by President Suharto, included Pauline Kanchanalak, Charlie Trie, Gene and Nora Lum (all related to Moctar Riady, Indonesian billionaire.) Per Charles Smith Softwar: ". The number one priority for Ron Brown was the sale of U.S. weapons such as F-16 Fighting Falcon jet fighters to Indonesia. The Commerce Department documentation states "F-16 Fighter Aircraft Program ... Sale of 11 (ex-Pakistani) aircraft completed. Indonesia may purchase the remaining 17 Pakistani aircraft". Brown convinced the Indonesian defense ministry to purchase U.S. built F-16 Fighting Falcons which were originally sold to Pakistan in 1992. The Falcon sale to Pakistan was canceled during the last days of the Bush administration because Pakistan had openly purchased nuclear weapons technology from China. The Chinese nuclear technology forced an embargo of U.S. arms sales to Pakistan, including the previously ordered F-16s.Ron Brown was directly involved in arms transfers to Asia. The documents show that big buck foreign donors with a vested interest in buying U.S. weapons were also involved. At APEC 1994 the international arms trade was business-as-usual. The tasking of U.S. Commerce officials to push a massive arms build up in Asia says volumes about the Clinton administration. Ron Brown wasn't just secretary of Commerce -- he was secretary of war."

China's Vice Premier Li Lanquing and a delegation visited Arkansas to discuss China's trade and investment policies with Arkansas companies. The delegation, accompanied by Joe Giroir and representatives of Lippo, Tyson and Wal-Mart, toured company sights in northwest Arkansas.

Pentagon organization then-known as the Defense Nuclear Agency and entitled "The Feasibility of Evasive Underground Nuclear Testing Through Decoupling," illustrated just how straightforward it is to conceal the size, and even the fact, of low-yield nuclear detonations Publications of the Center for Security Policy No 97-D 121 9/2/97

PLA General Ding Henggao led a delegation of Chinese Army officers to Washington, D.C. in November, 1994. The mission to Washington included a closed meeting at the U.S. Commerce Dept. with Defense Secretary William Perry 4/27/99 (Charles Smith)


November 1, 1994
Waiver of Missile Technology Proliferation Sanctions on Foreign Persons "This waiver also applies to the divisions, subunits, and any successor entities of the Chinese Ministry of Aerospace Industry, to include China Precision Machinery Import/Export Corporation (CPMIEC). Such additional entities include, but are not limited to: China National Space Administration, China Aerospace Corporation, China Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation, China Great Wall Industrial Corporation or Group, ........"As a result of this waiver, the U.S. government will no longer be required to deny licenses for exports to the entities described above or to activities of the Chinese government relating to missile development or production or affecting the development or production of electronics, space systems, or equipment, and military aircraft of Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) Annex equipment or technology. In addition, U.S. government contracts related to MTCR Annex items no longer are prohibited with these entities. The waiver takes effect as of November 1, 1994, and shall remain in effect unless revoked."


November 3, 1994

The missile documents found in the files of John Huang contain details of a Nov. 3, 1994 meeting requested by Raytheon, the U.S. manufacturer of the Patriot. In an October 1994 letter to Sue Eckert of the Commerce Department, Richard Elliot of the legal offices of Paul, Weiss, Rifkin, Wharton and Garrison, noted that Raytheon requested and obtained the meeting. According to the documents, the meeting was held at the Commerce Department. "Thank you for agreeing to host a meeting with representatives of Raytheon at 2:30 pm next Thursday, November 3," wrote Elliot. "As we discussed, the purpose of the meeting is to brief you and other Commerce Department officials concerning Raytheon's efforts to sell the Patriot missile system to South Korea. Needless to say, we would like to request Commerce Department support for these efforts -- and, in particular, for accelerated South Korean procurement of the Patriot." Elliot also included an attachment of Patriot missile data for Huang, including "Coalition" military tactical information on North Korean offensive missiles and "U.S. Army analysis" of South Korean defenses. According to a Raytheon attachment, titled "Modernization of South Korean Air Defense," South Korea has no defense against a North Korean missile attack. - WorldNetDaily 1/25/2000 Charles Smith

November 14, 1994

Executive Order #12938 - 11/14/94 Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, where Sec.3. reads: "Department of Commerce Controls. (a) The Secretary of Commerce shall prohibit the export of goods, technology, or services subject to the Secretary's export jurisdiction that the Secretary of Commerce determines, in consultation with the Secretary of State." - 4/21/99 Gretchen Glass

Clinton Notifies Congress of transfer of exports from State to Commerce - Office of Press Secretary

November 17, 1994

Commerce Department documents: Perry and other officials met with several leading generals of the PLA at an unannounced closed-door meeting at Commerce on Nov. 17, 1994. The documents show the level of contact between the Chinese army and the Clinton Commerce Department to be far deeper than previously admitted. On the U.S. side, Perry was assisted by his friend and colleague at Stan ford University, John Lewis, who was a business partner of Galaxy New Technology and a member of the Defense Policy Board of the Pentagon, as well as a civilian consultant to the Secretary of Defense, according to Pentagon documents....The Chinese delegation was led by PLA Gen. Ding Henggao -- the head of the Chinese Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense, or COSTIND -- who brought with him some of the highest-ranking PLA officers to travel outside of China. Dine brought his aide and second in Command at COSTIND, Lt. Gen. Huai Guomo, as well as Maj. Gen. Fu Jiaping and Maj. Gen. Chen Kaizeng. Ding even brought one of the spymasters of the Chinese army, Major Gen. Hou Gang, deputy director of the Intelligence Department of the PLA. The military affiliation of the company officials meeting with Perry should have raised serious doubt as to the supposed civilian application of the fiber-optic system being traded, as required by Commerce Department licensing regulations. - Koenig's International News 5/19/99 Charles Smith

November 30, 1994

A Long March launched a Chinese-made telecommunications satellite dubbed "East is Red." The satellite was deployed incorrectly or damaged.

December, 1994

Travel Office Director Billy Dale is indicted on charges of embezzlement.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) sanctions the Riady family's Lippo group for failing to adhere to money-laundering regulations governing large money transactions.


December 6, 1994
Webster Hubbell pleads guilty to mail fraud and tax evasion after admitting to stealing $484,000 from his former law firm and some of its clients. He also pledged to cooperate with Starr's ongoing investigation of Whitewater as part of a negotiated plea bargain.

December 9, 1994

C. Michael Armstrong (Hughes) was chosen as head of Clinton's export counsel Journal of Commerce, 12/9/94; The New York Times,5/17/98

December 13, 1994
An 11-page "task list" prepared by White House lawyer, Jane C. Sherbourne, mentioned the departed Webb Hubbell. Sherbourne, whose job was to help manage the White House's handling of Whitewater, listed Hubbell succinctly, as item No. 11. Wrote Sherbourne below Hubbell's name: "Monitor cooperation."

December 16, 1994

Energy Secretary Hazel R. O'Leary signed an agreement between the United States and Russia for the "Exchange of Technical Information in the Field of Nuclear Warhead Safety and Security." The scope included the following agreement

(c.) Technical assessment of open materials relating to information about the design of nuclear warheads, and development of recommendations of criteria for the publication of materials associated with nuclear warheads.

As part of the Clinton Administration's Nuclear Openness Initiative, Department of Energy Secretary Hazel R. O'Leary signed the agreement between the United States and Russia. The unprecedented agreements resulted in the first of a series of meetings between Scientists from each country's nuclear laboratories to discuss the transfer of nuclear weapon technology…. The principal participants in this Agreement are: for the United States of America: the United States of America Department of Energy, the United States of America Department of Defense, and Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, and Sandia National Laboratories; for the Russian Federation: the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy, the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense, the Russian Federal Nuclear Center­All­Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics, the Russian Federal Nuclear Center­All­Russian Scientific Research Institute of Technical Physics, and the All­Russian Scientific Research Institute of Automation.


December 19, 1994

Johnny Chung visits White House, same day FEC records show DNC receipt of $40,000. -


Chung went to Richard Sullivan to find out what events the Haomen Beer representatives could attend. Sullivan suggested a Business Leadership Forum event on December 19, 1994, at the Hay-Adams Hotel. Chung paid $40,000 for this event and he and his guests had their picture taken with Vice President Gore. The Haomen Beer representatives had a lemonade stand-type set up of their beer at this event, and they were very aggressively promoting their beer. This overt sales tactic greatly embarrassed Chung. Chung also managed to get an invitation to a White House Christmas party event on December 19, 1994. Chung brought the Haomen Beer representatives to this event. Sullivan called him about this event after the BLF event. Chung had pressed him for a meeting between the Haomen Beer people and the President. (Chung noted that this event took place on the same day that a shooter was arrested at the White House.) They wanted to bring the beer into the White House so they could get pictures of the President with the beer. They had to go back and forth with White House officials and the Secret Service on how they could get the beer into the White House and finally they were told if they didn't open it, it would be okay. Chung said they were very brazen about getting the beer into the White House. At the event, the Haomen Beer representatives did get their picture with the President -- a picture they used back in China in displays and advertising. - Committee on Government Reform 5/12/99

December 20, 1994

Chung squires a Chinese beer maker to meet Clinton at a White House Christmas party, helping to establish Chung's ability to get Chinese access to Clinton. He will make 50 White House visits.

December 24, 1994
Johnny Chung brought Chen Shizeng, president of Chinese beer company, Haoman, to meet Clinton. After the meeting, he took him to the Commerce Dept. - Kenneth R. Timmerman 6/97 American Spectator


Bernard Schwartz requested that the Clinton Administration set up a meeting between himself and Shen Rong-Jun, vice minister of COSTIND. Schwartz cut a deal with COSTIND involving "the use of computer-generated secret codes to control satellites in space," thereby transferring key encryption technologies to China.