Revised 7/14/00


With many thanks to Ohmlaw98!

Iran-Iraq Arms Nonproliferation Act (IIANA)
Arms Export Control Act (AECA)
Export Administration Act (EAR)
Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act (NPPA)
Director of Central Intelligence (DCI)
China's People's Liberation Army (PLA)
Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
Nonproliferation Treaty (NT)
Export-Import Bank Act (EIBA)






At the same time Energy officials were exchanging information with communist leaders in early 1995, they were dismantling the security system at the nation's top-secret nuclear-weapons research labs. It was also in 1995 that intelligence officers learned that China had stolen from Los Alamos critical data for building miniature nuclear warheads…….. Some experts fear there might be a link between recent Chinese espionage and the administration's trade trips to China. Computer encryption, satellite and energy secrets would be the three most likely things compromised on the trips, they say – Investor’s Business Daily 3/30/99

Officials intercepted news that Chinese agents had returned to the United States and were successful in their efforts to steal the information they needed to develop a Neutron Bomb. The spy also provided details of how the information was transferred from the United States to China. The report prompted a federal criminal investigation


"…In 1992, after selling nuclear-war matériel to Iran, Iraq and Algeria among other countries, China signed the worldwide Nonproliferation Treaty against spreading knowledge about nuclear weapons to states that did not possess them. Three years later, U.S. intelligence discovered that the China National Nuclear Energy Industry Corporation, a Beijing-controlled operation, had sold 5,000 ring magnets to Pakistan, which is trying to match India's nuclear-weapon potential. Experts say that sale could increase Pakistan's weapon capability by jumping its enriched-uranium capacity 100 percent. The magnets are a product China sold to Saddam Hussein before the gulf war. The U.S. also found that the magnets went to "unsafeguarded" Pakistani facilities -- no international inspection permitted. Teams of U.N. inspectors have spent almost six years trying to find all of Saddam's "unsafeguarded" hidden nuclear capability. Violating the treaty should have brought sanctions. Washington complained but imposed no penalty. China denied the sale…." The New York Times 10/28/97 A.M. ROSENTHAL

"…What forced India to reassess China's intentions is that this cooperation seemed to increase after India and China signed an agreement resolving their border dispute in 1993. There was the sale of ring magnets for Pakistan's gas centrifuges in 1994, the sale of M-11 missiles in 1995, and the presence of Chinese scientists at the Pakistani nuclear research site in Kahuta…." New York Times 5/29/98

1994-1995 China: Dozens and possibly hundreds of missile guidance systems and computerized machine tools transferred by China to Iran. Violations MTCR, IIANA, AECA, EAR - no sanctions.

Hughes CEO (head of Clinton's export council) urged satellites not be treated as military goods. Secretary of State Warren Christopher, with the backing of the Pentagon, argued that there were technological secrets embedded in commercial satellites that could jeopardize "significant military and intelligence interests." Rules in State Department for such export required 30 day notice to Congress. . - Congress

Ron Brown (previous chairman of DNC) was heading Commerce.

Huang was working at Commerce with top secret clearance. Meissner sought to have Huang's security clearance upgraded, which would require more extensive checking, Huang declined.

Meissner said one reason he wanted Huang to continue as a consultant after going to the DNC (end of 95) was to retain his existing security clearance

Clinton/Gore campaign shut down DNC vetting procedures. A media blitz (Clinton-Gore/DNC) was planned which required large funding

In a special briefing, Intelligence warned about Chinese plans to influence elections.

Huang received 37 briefings on Asia from a CIA officer and attended 109 classified meetings. Huang called Lippo 70 times and called a Riady affiliated attorney 49 times. Hoyt Zia, an ex-Motorola employee and a close friend of Democratic fund-raiser John Huang, was in charge of Commerce exports to China.

While working at Commerce with a security clearance, John Huang spent an inordinate amount of time across the street from the Commerce Department at Stephens Inc.'s Washington office, receiving packages, faxes and phone calls. He also made lots of phone calls and sent out lots of faxes from a private office. He made at least 232 phone calls to the Lippo Bank, his former employer, during the 18 months he spent with Commerce.

Clinton vetoed a defense spending bill that directed the deployment of a missile-defense system early in the next decade. The Clinton administration puts much faith in the '95 National Intelligence Estimate that found that ''no country, other than the declared nuclear powers, will develop or otherwise acquire a ballistic missile in the next 15 years that could threaten the contiguous 48 states.''

President Clinton personally approved the sale, over the objections of the State Department, of over a hundred million dollars of encrypted radios and cellular phones to the People's Armed Police of China. The People's Armed Police of China arrests and executes criminals and dissidents and is known to execute prisoners to harvest body parts for transplants. The president's approval was sought by Richard Barth, Motorola executive and former Clinton administrator - not to avoid technical review but to avoid notice to Congress. Motorola is a big contributor to incumbents and sent its CEO to have dinner with Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin.

Documents show Los Alamos officials took 11 trips to China in 1995 and 1996. Several of the visits took place during the tenure of Federico Pena as energy secretary. Pena assured Congress there were no ongoing discussions about nuclear weapons matters. [Freeper Sakida notes that Frederico Pena became Secretary of Energy in March of 1997]

In 1995, the same year Clinton announced his nuclear test ban, O'Leary relaxed security at the nation's three nuclear weapons labs - Los Alamos in New Mexico, Lawrence Livermore in California, and Sandia, which runs sites in both New Mexico and California. She opened up once-secure areas to foreign visitors, trimming the number of guards. She also loosened background checks on visitors and workers, and eased controls over classified papers. As a result, thousands of foreigners flocked to the labs. 'Some of them were given access not just on a visiting basis,'' Gaffney said, ''but allowed to work there.'' The foreign traffic alarmed Congress. A 1997 GAO review concluded that Energy ''needs to improve controls over foreign visitors to weapons laboratories.'' Energy's own security bureaucrats raised warnings. In a classified 1998 report, Office of Counterintelligence Director Edward Curran found ''weaknesses in the foreign visits and assignments program'' at the labs. 4/9/99 Paul Sperry Investor's Business Daily

Clinton unveiled his Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty to stop all levels of nuclear testing worldwide. . Investor's Business Daily 4/12/99 Paul Sperry

In 1995, Tony Podesta, a powerful D.C. based lobbyist and brother of John Podesta - the White House advisor, had a consortium of top U.S. computer CEOs attend secret meetings inside the White House. The meetings were on computer hardware and software exports to China and Russia. The meetings occurred just before Clinton changed super-computer policy. Within weeks, the Russian and Chinese were buying computer power that now surpasses the U.S. Defense Dept. - WorldNet Daily 4/13/99

The president named Mr. Armstrong to the influential Export Council, where he worked hard against trade controls designed to protect national security. The council produced a lengthy paper arguing against imposing sanctions on foreign trading partners that engaged in illicit weapons sales. - Washington Times 5/18/99 Bill Gertz

Vice President Al Gore angrily rejected CIA reports of the personal corruption of Viktor Chernomyrdin, then prime minister of Russia. The New York Times reported in November 1998 that intelligence professionals responded to the vice president's adamant behavior by "censoring themselves," including withholding from policy decision makers of additional information relating to Mr. Chernomyrdin's possible corruption. Today, Mr. Chernomyrdin is playing a potentially critical role on Russia's behalf in the Kosovo crisis - Washington Times 5/16/99 John Bolton

The bombs that struck the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade were directed to the target using the GPS (Global Positioning System) satellite navigation system. In 1995, the Clinton administration approved the sale of the very same bombing/navigation technology directly to a company owned by the Chinese Air Force. The sale included a complete manufacturing facility and training for the Chinese workers. - Koenig's International News 5/18/99 Charles Smith

China obtained some sensitive nuclear weapons information but the source could not be determined - AP 5/14/99

(mid 1990's) China obtained U.S. secrets about a high-tech weapon developed during the Star Wars missile defense program that uses electromagnetic waves to propel objects like missiles or shells.- AP 5/14/99

When Tiahrt and Grams introduced a bill to get rid of Energy in 1995, then Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary fought relentlessly to save her agency. She used every argument at her disposal, including the claim that Defense could not be trusted to oversee the country's nuclear labs and weapons stockpiles. Investor's Business Daily 5/24/99

Mark Graf and Jeff Peters, senior security inspectors at the plant [DOE Rocky Flats], finally wrote to Democratic Congressman David Skaggs, drawing his attention to the security deficiencies. In retaliation, Peters was placed on administrative leave, and Graf's workload was stepped up dramatically. A few months later, Graf and Peters sent an eight-page classified memorandum to their general manager and to DOE. Peters eventually resigned in June 1996, after filing a discrimination suit against Wackenhut, the security subcontractor; Graf's case is still in dispute...." - The American Spectator 6/99 Kenneth R. Timmerman

A 1995 General Accounting Office, or GAO, report ordered by the Pentagon and State Department and critical of exports to China portrays the United States as being a blind trading partner of China. The unclassified report shows that the United States approved 67 export licenses to China for military-industrial products between 1990 and 1993, including $530 million of missile-related technology. "The Department of Justice is concerned the Department of Commerce might not be identifying or seeking interagency concurrence on all potential missile technology export-license applications," the report declares. - Insight Magazine 5/26/97

The report says in 1995 the Dept. of Energy (DOE) limited its investigation to the theft of one warhead despite evidence independently gathered by both CIA and DOE that the security breach was much more significant and had included at least six other nuclear weapons- Congressional Report Blasts U.S. Inquiry of China's Nuclear Espionage 8/5/99

USAID circulates memorandum stating that National Security Adviser Anthony Lake instructs that critics be "tarred" as "backdoor isolationists" and that in dealing with congressional critics the administration would "delay, postpone, obfuscate, derail." - INSIGHT J Michael Waller 10/16/99

Vice President Gore's office rejects a CIA report on corrupt Russian leaders, scrawling an obscenity across the cover and sending it back to the CIA. - INSIGHT J Michael Waller 10/16/99

NASA cracks down on American journalists who ask questions about corrupt Russian officials who allegedly steal NASA space-cooperation aid. - INSIGHT J Michael Waller 10/16/99


circa 95

CIA acquires information indicating PRC may have information on a variety of US nuclear warheads, including sensitive design information on the W-88. DOE separately was already evaluating independently derived information suggesting the same– Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99

December 1994 to mid 1995

China: 5,000 ring magnets to be used for nuclear enrichment programs for nuclear weapons in Pakistan. Violated NT, EIBA, NPPA, AECA - considered sanctions but never imposed them. . – Congress

January, 1995

Schwartz sent a letter to the President advocating the shift from State to Commerce.

January 6, 1995
In a newsletter to the shareholders of Automated Intelligent Systems, Inc. ("AISI"), Johhny Chung boasted of his political clout, claiming that he had "built up connections to easily arrange visitations to the White House and meetings with the President."

A memo from Janis Enright to Ickes re: McAuliffe's memorandum summing up requests that emerged from his one-on-one with POTUS. Attached to the Enright memo is Nancy Heinrich's copy of McAuliffe's memo to her outlining what he and President agreed to in their recent meeting on which Heinrich has hand-written "overnights." Enright memo tells Ickes "Nancy has asked us to follow up on this at the President's direction, and his note indicates 'promptly.'" President's handwritten note indicates he is "ready to start overnights right away." -

January 11, 1995White House Coffee -

January 12, 1995
John Huang receives an intelligence briefing from, John Dickerson (CIA). Four days later on January 16, 1995 at 5:03 p.m., a fax was sent from Stephens D.C. (Huang's office across the street from his Commerce Dept. office) to Lippo Pacific in Indonesia

White House Coffee -

January 20, 1995
John Huang arranged a meeting for Vernon Weaver with Matt Fong, who had recently been elected California State Treasurer. The meeting which took place at 1:30 pm in Fong's old office in Los Angeles, was attended by Fong, Weaver, Huang, and perhaps J.W. Rayder. As a result of the meeting and a follow up meeting, (on March 24, 1995 between Weaver and Fong), Stephens ended up with bond work from the State of California.

Executive Order #12946 - 1/20/95 - President's Advisory Board on Arms Proliferation Policy. (Established a board to advise the President on implementation of U.S. conventional arms transfer policy and other issues related to arms proliferation policy.) - 4/21/99 Gretchen Glass

January 23, 1995Memo To Executive Office of the President - stating that DNC will pay for coffees. -

January 25, 1995
John Huang receives an intelligence briefing from, John Dickerson (CIA). at 11:00 a.m.. At 5:21 p.m. on January 30, 1995, a fax was sent from Stephens D.C. to Lippo Pacific in Indonesia. Huang's primary professional contract at Stephens D.C. appears to have been Vernon Weaver, who is now the U.S. Ambassador to the Economic Union.

January 26, 1995

A Hughes satellite was going to give CNN the ability to broadcast all over Asia and Australia and in parts of Africa and Eastern Europe - but it crashed. China launch - Long March 2E

Launch date. The Pentagon and the Justice Department, in 1998 are investigating the transfer of a report from Hughes Space and Communications in 1995 to China, on the failure of the Apstar 2 satellite shortly after launch on a Chinese rocket. The State department should have licensed the report but Commerce authorized its release.


The report provides new details on the technology shared with the China Academy of Launch Technology after the Jan. 26, 1995, crash of a Long March rocket carrying a Hughes Apstar-2 satellite. Hughes technicians helped improve the Long March booster. This "imparted to the Chinese sufficient knowhow to correct the overall deficiencies. The Hughes data was "very specific" and gave the Chinese insights on how U.S. manufacturers check boosters and satellites for defects. Bill Gertz THE WASHINGTON TIMES 5/7/99

January 30, 1995

Chinese President Jiang Zemin presents his ill-fated "eight-point plan" on Taiwan. Old wine in a leaky bottle. - Center for Taiwan International Relations. Kristie Wang 1996

January 31, 1995

Letter from William Perry to Ron Brown: "Dear Ron," wrote Perry in his 1995 letter to Secretary Brown. "I recently received a letter from General Ding Henggao, the Minister of the Chinese Commission for Science Technology and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND). As you know, General Ding and I head the Sino-American Joint Defense Conversion Commission that was established during my visit to the PRC this past October (1994)." "I am most appreciative, Ron," wrote Defense Secretary Perry. "Of the support that the Department of Commerce is providing for this effort. Unlike our defense conversion projects with Russia, Ukraine, and other states in the former Soviet Union, there are no funds earmarked for our activities with China. Hence, we need to rely on already established channels and create informal ones to accomplish the task at hand." - WorldNetDaily 6/1/99 Charles Smith

Letter from William Perry to General Ding: "Dear General Ding," wrote Perry. "I have asked our Secretary of Commerce, Mr. Ronald Brown, for the support of his Department to ensure U.S. businesses are apprised of the opportunities that have been offered." "As you know, we have been working to develop a plan for air traffic control cooperation that meets the expectations of COSTIND, as well as the People's Liberation Army Air Force," wrote Perry to Gen. Ding. "I am confident that at the second meeting of the Joint Defense Conversion Commission, we will be able to receive reports detailing significant progress in all of our endeavors." ...According to the testimony of Brown confidant, Nolinda Hill, the Commerce secretary openly worried that the deals with the PLA were bordering on treason and posed a threat to his life. According to the GAO, the "air traffic control" that meets the expectations of "the People's Liberation Army Air Force" included a Presidential waiver from Bill Clinton. According to a June 1998 report to Congress, the GAO stated that "Waivers were also granted to permit the export of encryption equipment controlled on the Munitions List. One case involved a $4.3 million communications export to China's Air Force." The PLAAF can use the equipment supplied by Clinton's waiver for offensive operations against U.S. forces in Asia...." - WorldNetDaily 6/1/99 Charles Smith


February, 1995

Hazel O'Leary participates in a Department of Energy Trade Mission to China. She returns with 35 deals with a stated worth of $6,529.7 million. While in China, she met with Huaren Sheng, president of China Petrochemical Corp. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

Department of Energy: "…The requirements for the DOE and the weapons laboratories are based on Presidential direction as approved in the Nuclear Stockpile Document and other Presidential Decision Directives. Congress provides direction in laws and committee reports. The Department of Defense (DOD) determines specific weapons requirements and the Department of Energy determines how to fulfill those requirements. The weapons laboratories then are assigned specific responsibilities and funding to carry out DOE direction….. The Department of Defense conducted a Nuclear Posture Review…approved by the President, to determine future nuclear forces and weapons requirements. Implementation of the START I and START II protocols will result in a total nuclear weapons reduction of 79% by the year 2003. As a unilateral action (Presidential Nuclear Initiatives I and II), the U.S. will reduce by 90% non-strategic nuclear weapons. These steps will result in a required stockpile of around 5000 weapons…. "

Ng Lap Seng and his friend and business associate, William Peh, named Charlie Trie as a Director of Peh’s business, Consolidated Trust Company. Peh has asserted that he and Ng added Trie to Consolidated Trust’s leadership because they believed his extensive connections on the China mainland would help them penetrate that market. In addition, Trie’s U.S. ties were helpful to the company. On a CTC corporate fact sheet, Trie was listed as an "Advisor to President Clinton."

Mark Middleton resigned his post as a Special Assistant to the President and Deputy to Counselor Mack McLarty. He had also been a fundraiser for the 1992 Clinton campaign, raising $4 million in Arkansas alone. While Middleton was an employee of the White House, James Riady and John Huang visited him frequently.

Arkansas banker Neal Ainley is indicted on five felony counts relating to Clinton's 1990 gubernatorial campaign. Later he pleads guilty to lesser charges and agrees to cooperate with the independent counsel.


February 1, 1995

Mrs. O'Leary set out to reorganize the labs, including the Los Alamos National Laboratory, which has since come under congressional microscope amid tales of Chinese espionage. Earlier that day, a 23-member special commission headed by Robert Galvin, former chairman of Motorola Corp., concluded that the labs were plagued by inefficiency and the Cold War's demise justified scaling them back. Mrs. O'Leary embraced most of the commission's findings and pledged to save $1.6 billion by eliminating excessive lab regulations. She proposed operating the labs like private businesses. However, the commission also warned that the Clinton administration could be moving too quickly and too broadly in trying to expand laboratory-industry partnerships. The primary mission of the labs, said the panel, should remain national security and related research. Augusta Chroninle 8/11/96 Karen Schill plus

February 8, 1995White House Coffee -

February 10, 1995
Dynamic Energy Corp. (Nora Lum) contributes $2,000.00 in two separate payments to the "Kennedy for Senate Campaign"

Nora Lum contributes $500.00 to the "A Lot of People Supporting Tom Daschle" Campaign.

February 15, 1995
Ng Lap Seng brings $12,000 into US from China.

February 16, 1995
Ng Lap Seng meets with Mark Middleton at the White House and later that day, meets with President Clinton at the Residence.

Charlie Trie attended a DNC Finance Board dinner at the White House with the President and First Lady. This was a small dinner for the highest level donors and fundraisers in the DNC. Trie and Ng Lap Seng attended, accompanied by Ernest Green, and Trie was accorded the special honor of sitting at the First Lady’s table.

White House Coffee -

February 19,1995Executive Order #12949 - 2/19/95 - Foreign Intelligence Physical Searches. (The authorization of physical searches for foreign intelligence purposes.) - 4/21/99 Gretchen Glass

February 21, 1995

White House Coffee -

February 24, 1995Executive Order #12951 - 2/24/95 - Release of Imagery Acquired by Space-Based National Intelligence. (Declassification of imagery acquired by the three space-based national intelligence reconnaissance systems and review for future public release of intelligence imagery.) - 4/21/99 Gretchen Glass

February 27, 1995
In a letter sent by Johhny Chung to Richard Sullivan, Chung requests help to arrange: (1) a meeting with President Clinton, (2) a meeting with Vice President Gore, (3) lunch at the White House mess, (4) a tour of the White House, and (5) a meeting with Commerce Secretary Ron Brown. Chung sent an identical letter to Eric Sildon at the DNC, and faxed a letter to Ann McCoy of the White House Visitor's Office requesting her assistance in arranging a White House tour. He also asked Mark Middleton for help in setting up meetings with President Clinton and Vice President Gore, and in arranging a luncheon at the White House Mess.

March, 1995
Clinton issued an executive order that barred federal agencies from signing contracts with companies that permanently replaced striking workers

Article by Kenneth R. Timmerman "China Shops" TAS - chronicles high tech transfers from Clinton Administration to China

Chung brought Jichun Huang, CITIC vice president to White House- Kenneth R. Timmerman 6/97 American Spectator

Richard Sullivan voiced suspicions to Fowler, DNC, that Chung was acting as a conduit for illegal contributions from the Chinese.

The Secretary of Energy, Hazel O’Leary, invited people from across the nation to attend a public meeting in Washington, D.C. This historic meeting brought together scientists, weapons experts, military officers, historians, environmentalists, and others to begin a comprehensive review of the Department of Energy's classification policy. The unprecedented challenge: to review all information classified by the Department. The clear charge: to hear all voices and to seek input from within the Department, its contractors, the national laboratories, and most importantly, from the American public. The Fundamental Classification Policy Review marked the first time that a Government agency has actively sought public input on a fundamental review of its classification policy….More than 25 working group meetings were held. While most meetings were classified, arrangements were made to permit uncleared individuals to address the working groups on specific issues.

Just several weeks after Mark Middleton left his White House job in February 1995, Trie, Mark Middleton and his brother Larry Middleton traveled to Asia. In a three week period, Trie and Middleton visited China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau, Jakarta, and Brunei. While in Hong Kong, Middleton visited Consolidated Trust Company, and told Ng Lap Seng's friend and partner, William Peh and other CTC employees of his close relationship with the President and the fact that he had just left the White House to begin his own company. Middleton had not quite severed all of his White House ties because as late as October 1996, more than 18 months after he left the White House, he still had a White House telephone number and he was passing out his White House business cards in Asia. In addition, a message on the White House voice mail system was left saying: "[t]hank you for calling the White House. To reach Mack McLarty, please dial (202) 456-2000. To reach Mark Middleton, please dial (202) 737-9305. . . . Again, thank you for calling the White House." The number left by Middleton was the number for his company, Commerce Corp. International.

Commerce Document: [Chinese Army Lt. Gen. Huai Guomo] Huai explained that his unit, COSTIND, had "six specialty areas: 1) Aerospace; 2) Aviation; 3) Electronics; 4) Ground Force Military Equipment; 5) Shipbuilding; 6) Nuclear." "The business leaders asked for POC's (point of contact) for the 49 projects and Huai suggested they contact Col. Xu at the Embassy," states the Commerce Department report....."At the end of the meeting at Energy," concludes the Commerce document, "the Chinese indicated that they would like to develop cooperation in the nuclear field. They expect to have problems in handling nuclear waste and would like to develop future cooperation in handling such waste. U.S. has no cooperation right now in the nuclear area, but China hopes to have some in the future." Huai had good reason to hope for future U.S.-Sino nuclear cooperation. Gen. Ding, his commander, gave the Commerce Department an official 1995 list of PLA-owned companies wanting business. The list included contacts and projects at the "China National Nuclear Corp.," "The Academy of Engineering Physics" and "China Yuanwang (Group) Corp." Ding sent the list of official contacts from the Chinese defense industry, along with a personal letter, to be circulated to U.S. businesses by the Clinton Commerce Department. If any contact on the list should fail to respond, the Chinese army eagerly provided a "Col. Xu" as the prime contact at their Washington embassy, including the military attache's direct phone and fax number. The PLA-owned companies operated with the direct blessing of the Clinton administration, seeking joint ventures, American investors, and U.S. technology. WorldNetDaily 5/11/99 Charles R Smith


A visit to the Commerce Department did not come about in March 1995 because when Chung contacted John Huang for assistance in setting up a visit, Huang said that Ron Brown was under investigation and that it was not a good time for a visit. - Committee on Government Reform 5/12/99

March 1, 1995
Richard Sullivan forwards a memo to Don Fowler of the DNC requesting that he meet with Johnny Chung.

March 6, 1995
Johnny Chung receives a wire transfer from the Tangshan Haomen Group of China in the amount of $150,000. As of February 28, 1995, however, the balance of the account upon which his check was drawn was only $9,860, and Chung was apparently never engaged in any U.S. business with the Haomen Group.

March 7, 1995White House Coffee -

March 8, 1995
After meeting with Johnny Chung and his delegation, Fowler sent a follow-up letter to one of the delegation members, Zheng Hongye, describing Chung as "an excellent facilitator" and declaring that the "Democratic Party is lucky to have him as one of our most ardent DNC members."


Johnny Chung visited Hillary Clinton's office. Williams was given a check for $50,000 from Chung who was seeking admission to the president's radio address. (The Washington Post, 2/15/97, 3/6/97)

March 9, 1995
Johnny Chung and several Chinese businessmen met with Don Fowler, during which time Fowler arranged a private meeting with them and Clinton. (The Washington Post, 2/15/97, 3/6/97)

Johnny Chung and his delegation arrived at Evan Ryan's office around 11:30 a.m. Ryan then escorted them to the White House Mess for lunch, after which they were given a private tour of the White House. After the tour, Chung and his delegation returned at approximately 2:00 p.m. that afternoon and were escorted to the Map Room by Ryan for their photo opportunity with the First Lady arranged by her assistant Margaret Williams. After the photograph, Ryan returned with the group to her office, where Chung told her that "he wanted to give his contribution to Maggie and wanted to have her get it to the DNC." According to Ryan, when she stepped into Williams' office to inform Williams of Chung's desire to do this, Williams asked Ryan to bring Chung into the office. As Ryan stood at the door of Williams' office, Chung handed Williams an envelope containing a check for $50,000 made out tothe DNC.

March 11, 1995
Johnny Chung and his delegation from China attend President Clinton's weekly radio address at the White House. Although Margaret Williams testified that she did not recall making arrangements for Chung and his delegation to attend the radio address, a memorandum from Betty Currie, the President's personal secretary, indicated that Williams had some involvement. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

Johnny Chung and his entourage met Clinton, watched his Saturday radio address and took several pictures with the president. (The Washington Post, 2/15/97, 3/6/97)

March 17, 1995
Johnny Chung gave $50,000 to the DNC. Shortly thereafter he and his entourage met with Hillary Clinton and had their photos taken with her. In a NBC television interview with Chung, he said, "Her first words were 'Welcome to the White House, my friend.'" (source: NBC News, 8/19/97)

March 21, 1995Executive Order #12958 - 3/21/95 - Classified National Security Information. (Prescribes a uniform system for classifying, safeguarding, and declassifying national security information.) - 4/21/99 Gretchen Glass

Clinton Notifies Congress 6 month followup on Executive Order 12924 - Office of Press Secretary

March 27, 1995

Memorandum No 074-M 3/23/95 "..... Assistant to the Chief of the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army General Staff Lieutenant General Xiong Guankai will lead a delegation to Washington, D.C., March 27-29, 1995, for discussions with the Department of Defense on China's strategy, force structure, budget, and general posture. This visit reciprocates that made by Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy & Requirements, Dr. Ted Warner to China in December 1994. Dr. Warner briefed the Chinese Minister of Defense and other high level Chinese officials on the U.S. force structure, strategy and budget formulation process. In addition to briefing Secretary Perry, LTG Xiong will make a presentation at the National Defense University and then travel to Hawaii to exchange regional strategy briefings with the CINCPAC staff. ....." Memorandum No 074-M 3/23/95

March, 1995
Clinton issued an executive order that barred federal agencies from signing contracts with companies that permanently replaced striking workers.

Spring, 1995

The U.S. Commerce Department allowed Loral competitor, Martin Marietta, to perform coupled load analysis on kick motors for the Chinese Long March satellite rocket. Kick motors are designed to place satellites into their final orbit. The Chinese kick motor had a previous history of failure, resulting in the defective launch of a Pakistani satellite.

April, 1995
Florida Democratic Party county chairman, Russ Barakat, attended an exclusive White House coffee with the president. Five days later he was arrested by federal marshals for suspected tax evasion.

Richard Sullivan personally asked Chung for $125,000 donation

Johnny Chung wrote to Donald Fowler, telling that him the National Security Council was holding onto the pictures of his "China delegation" and the President, and pleading for help to get the pictures released: "I am going to China next week and I do need to bring those pictures with me. I have run out of excuses to tell them why the pictures are taking forever."


FBI document released June 1, 1999 shows that the FBI warned the Commerce Department about COSTIND and the PLA. It said that "COSTIND generally oversees a whole host of weapons production corporations with their own needs to collect S&T. It is the primary coordinating control over these corporations and also tasks a wide range of Chinese commercial and research institutes to collect high-tech military and industrial items." In addition, the report shows that known commercial espionage by the People's Liberation Army is directly linked to military and diplomatic espionage. According to the report, "The State Science and Technology Commission (SSTC) is the non-military counterpart of the COSTIND, and like COSTIND it is involved in China's S&T modernization effort. The SSTC largely oversees civilian S&T collection, using the S&T diplomats in the United States as a key collection tool." WorldNetDaily 6/28/99 Charles Smith

Officials in the US Commerce Department were warned of Chinese military and commercial espionage. "…On June 1, 1999, the acting chief of the FBI's Litigation Unit, Scott A. Hodes, released sections of a still-secret report on Chinese espionage in written testimony submitted in a federal lawsuit by this reporter. "The document is 1 of 18 documents submitted to the Court by the Department of Commerce for an in camera inspection," wrote Hodes in his testimony for Federal Judge Robert Payne. "This document is described as an FBI report dated April 1995, and designated by the Department of Commerce as document #98-02018-OSY1-001, originated and classified 'Secret' by the FBI. Portions of the document contain information responsive to plaintiff's request for Department of Commerce records on the subject, China's Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense or COSTIND…" - World Net daily 6/29/99 Charles Smith

Murrah building in Oklahoma City is bombed. The death toll eventually reaches 168.


April 4, 1995

Hughes Electronics Senior Vice President Gareth Chang wrote a memorandum to Hughes CEO Steven Dorfman regarding the Apstar 2 failure. Chang wrote, "We need to personally share our findings with the Chinese leadership. A senior Hughes executive, armed with detailed scientific and technical evidence, should meet with General Shen of COSTIND and Chairman Liu of CASC before anything is said to the media." - WorldNetDaily 8/17/99 Charles Smith


April 7, 1995
In an e-mail message, NSC official Robert Suettinger opined that Johnny Chung was "a hustler" trying "to show one and all he is a big shot, thereby enhancing his business." (Government Reform Committee)

April 8, 1995

Taiwanese President Lee Teng-hui offers a "six-point" response to Jiang. - Center for Taiwan International Relations. Kristie Wang 1996


April 17, 1995

President Clinton lent his authority to an "openness" initiative championed by Mrs. O'Leary, the current White House Chief of Staff, John Podesta, and then-NSC staffer Morton Halperin(3) with his signature of Executive Order 12958. This order called for the automatic declassification by 17 April 2000 of all documents containing historical information that are 25 years or older. - The Center for Security Policy 4/26/99 No. 99-D 48

April 19, 1995

White House Coffee -

April 21, 1995

(Determination #95-18): " Pursuant to Section 2(b)(2)(D) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, as amended, I determine that it is in the national interest for the Export-Import Bank of the United States to extend a loan in the amount of approximately $278,120,000 to the People's Republic of China in connection with the purchase of U.S. equipment and services for the construction of a power plant in Dandong, Liaoning Province".

(Determination #95-19):$237,253,000 (for the expansion of a power plant in Dalian, Liaonng Province).

April 27, 1995. Memo from President's Counsel to WH and office of VP - re presidential campaign-related political activity. Very conventional reading of the rules. Including: "...fundraising events may not be held in the WH; also no fundraising phone calls or mail may emanate from the WH." -

April 28, 1995

White House Coffee -


After April, 1995

Ira Sockowitz transferred from Commerce to SBA, taking with him 2800 pages of classified documents, including satellite encryption. CIA launched investigation. Judicial Watch; Chicago Tribune 11/2/96 Mary Jacoby David Jackson

May, 1995
Taiwan's President Lee Teng-hui was granted a visa to visit the U.S. to attend an alumni gathering at Cornell University. It was a step that followed a nearly unanimous vote in both houses of Congress. The Chinese were stunned by what appeared to be a departure from the U.S. policy of not having official contacts with Taiwan.

The Chinese kick motor performed perfectly and put AsiaSat II into orbit.

Joint letter to President Clinton from chairmen of Loral (Schwartz,) Hughes Electronics Corp. and Lockheed Martin urged satellite export approval be transferred from State Department to Commerce Department.

The State Department granted Taiwanese President Lee Teng-hui a visa to attend an economic conference in Alaska and to visit Cornell University in New York, his alma mater. While Congress largely approved, China reacted by recalling its ambassador the following month. China considers Taiwan a breakaway province and opposes U.S. contact with its government. When President Carter resumed diplomatic relations with China in 1979, the United States ceased official relations with Taiwan. Chinese leaders were still fuming when Mr. Christopher and Mr. Qian met in August 1995. China expelled two U.S. military officials.

CSPP document sent to Ron Brown, "controls on computer exports to Russia and China for commercial, civil end-users should be eliminated; controls on exports for actual military end-uses may be appropriate until there is greater certainty that neither country poses a threat to U.S. national security." - WorldnetDaily 4/13/99

In 1995, the Computer Systems Policy Project (CSPP) - according to documents from the Commerce Dept. - was represented by Tony Podesta, brother of White House official John Podesta. The CSPP is a group of computer companies, that in 1995 included Apple, AT&T, Compaq, Cray, Data General, Digital Equipment, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Silicon Graphics, Stratus Computer, Sun Microsystems, Tandem and Unisys. Officials working for Apple, and Silicon Graphics are documented by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) to be very large Clinton donors. - WorldNetDaily 4/13/99

Under the Clinton administration, registered foreign agents obtained secrets that cannot be revealed to the American public: According to a May 1995 CSPP letter to Ron Brown "all references and terminology in the U.S. export regulation ... should be eliminated, including all references to 'supercomputers' and 'statement on security procedures.'" - 4/20/99 Charles Smith Softwar


According to a May 1995 CSPP document sent to Ron Brown, "controls on computer exports to Russia and China for commercial, civil end-users should be eliminated; controls on exports for actual military end-uses may be appropriate until there is greater certainty that neither country poses a threat to U.S. national security." The Clinton administration saw no "threat" to U.S. national security in the U.S. "strategic partner" Communist China. In response, CSPP members IBM, and Tandem were given the list of approved PLA owned companies wanting their business by Barry Carter. In 1995, both companies elected to join the "Chinese Defense Conversion" project. The list of IBM and Tandem contacts were given to the Chinese Army in an exclusive report on U.S. companies provided by Barry Carter directly to PLA General Huai Guomo of COSTIND. By November, 1995, the CSPP sent a letter to Ron Brown thanking him for the change in export policy. The CSPP letter states "we want to express our great appreciation for your role in the President's recent decision to significantly reform computer export controls." - Koenig's International News 6/10/99 Charles Smith

David Barrett is appointed independent counsel to investigate Housing Secretary Henry Cisneros for making false statements to the FBI.


Early May 1995

Both houses of the U.S. Congress pass resolutions (by votes of 97 to 1 in the Senate and 396 to 0 in the House) urging Clinton to permit Lee to visit the U.S. - Center for Taiwan International Relations. Kristie Wang 1996

May 1, 1995
In a letter to the Education Secretary Riley, Johnny Chung recalls meeting him at the DNC fund-raiser at Steven Spielberg’s home in Los Angeles. In the letter, Chung said, "I met with Vice Premier Lee and with your permission, I have invited him to visit the U.S." Chung also requested but failed to get a meeting with Riley for Sheng Huaren of China Petrochemical.


May 3, 1995White House Coffee -

May 5, 1995

Former assistant secretary of Commerce, Lauri Fitz-Pegado, a long-time friend of Brown and special adviser to the chairman of the DNC, became vice president of the Iridium division called Global Gateway Management. Her responsibilities at Iridium include coordinating meetings and trips with international investors. She was joined there by her former Commerce assistants Pilar Martinez, Charlotte Kea and Andrew Balfour, who was a director under the executive secretary for Commerce.

May 10, 1995White House Coffee - Jennifer O'Conner, special assistant to the President, sends e-mail to Karen Hancox, calling coffees "money tools." -

May 13, 1995

Yogesh Gandhi arrives in DC with a bust of Mohandas Gandhi, whom he claims is his great grand-uncle and tries to meet the President to present the bust/award. Gandhi paid $325,000 to attend DNC fundraising dinner that night, with 13 guests. Later, in a private room, Hogen Fukunaga, a 52-year-old Japanese citizen who leads a religious sect called Tensei, presented Clinton with the bust. There are still photos of this. (Huang involved). Before check is cashed, Gandhi gets a $500,000 wire transfer from Tanaka's Tokyo bank. -

May 15, 1995

Defense Minister Pavel Grachev leaves for the People's Republic of China to explore greater military cooperation including the manufacture of Su-27 aircraft in the PRC the day after Beijing conducted an underground nuclear test. PRC Defense Minister Chi Haotian praises Grachev as "an old friend of the Chinese army." -Russia Reform Monitor, No. 11, May 18, 1995


China conducts underground nuclear tests. - Center for Taiwan International Relations. Kristie Wang 1996

China conducted an underground nuclear test blast. That same day, President Clinton's newly appointed Director of Central Intelligence John Deutch (former member of President Bush's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board in the early 1990s) announced the appointment of a new leadership group to head the agency. The new group included Nora Slatkin, James Lilley and Brent Scowcroft. By October 1995, Deutch would replace the entire top three tiers (and most of the forth tier) of CIA management with new hirees. – - Lilley was the former ambassador to China under President Bush. Scowcroft was President Bush's national security advisor. ohmlaw 00

May 16, 1995

White House Coffee -

Attorney General Janet Reno filed a request for the appointment of an Independent Counsel (IC) to investigate the financial dealings of then Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and his self-described mistress, Nolanda Hill. – ohmlaw 00

May 18, 1995

President Clinton spoke at CAPACI’s (Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus Institute) inaugural gala. Charlie Trie was a CAPACI board member and contributed $25,000 to the event. Trie attended CAPACI’s inaugural, and brought a number of Asian business associates as guests, including Ng Lap Seng, his wife, Pun Nun Ho, Priscilla Wong and Kathy Chio. While these individuals were in Washington, Trie arranged a number of other events to demonstrate his political connections: an Asian Pacific American breakfast meeting with Commerce Secretary Ron Brown in which John Huang gave a briefing; lunch at the White House mess set up by the First Lady’s office; and a White House tour. Mark Middleton initially requested that Trie and his guests be included in the President’s Radio Address as well, but later dropped his request, because the same group had already met with the President at the CAPACI event.


May 22, 1995White House Coffee -

* Russia's ambassador in Teheran announces that President Yeltsin will visit Iran.

* Despite Yeltsin's promise to President Clinton, Moscow is still undecided on whether to sell uranium-enriching gas centrifuges to Iran, says Nuclear Energy Minister Viktor Mikhailov.

* The Kremlin has broken its promises to send speedy relief assistance to Chechen hospitals ravaged by war and looted by federal troops, the Washington Post reports. Hospitals and costly Western diagnostic equipment were deliberatly destroyed. Russian troops "are not involved visibly in civic improvement projects," and little work is seen to be benefiting civilians, according to the Post. (U.S. aid is buying new hospital equipment.)

* Moscow's nuclear industry is "dogged by unreliable pay and inadequate funds for regulation," according to a very critical report by the International Energy Agency. U.S. Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary, chairing an IEA meeting in Paris, says that "large sums" are needed to ensure safety at Russian plants.

* Secretary of State Christopher decries the portion of a House Republican bill that calls for cutting aid to Russia if it sells nuclear technology to Iran. Christopher says that such a cut "could derail our steady support for democratic and market reform" in the former Soviet Union.

* Undersecretary of State Peter Tarnoff testifies against a proposed $200 million a year cut in U.S. aid to Russia--equal to Moscow's annual payment to the Fidel Castro government to maintain its giant SIGINT post at Lourdes--because such a cut would undermine U.S. relations with Moscow. Tarnoff says that although "we are not pleased" with the SIGINT site, it serves a constructive purpose because it helps Russia verify arms control compliance.

Russia Reform Monitor, No. 13, May 24, 1995


May 23, 1995

* The Russian government is using Nunn-Lugar funds to continue development of nuclear and chemical weapons, according to a draft General Accounting Office (GAO) report made public by Bill Gertz of the Washington Times. Congressmen vow to investigate and hold hearings. (For a summary and analysis, see "GAO: Russia uses Nunn-Lugar aid to develop new weapons," Foreign Aid Advisory No. 6, May 23, 1995.) Russia Reform Monitor, No. 13, May 24, 1995

May 24, 1995

* National Security Advisor Lake tells the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations, "no Russian missiles are targeted at America's cities or citizens."

* Russia seeks a "sweeping restructuring" of half of its $130 billion debt to the West by year's end, Economics Minister Yevgeniy Yasin tells Reuters. Moscow will ask the Paris Club of government creditors to delay or "reschedule" payments falling due over the next few years. Reports Reuters, "Western leaders say they are worried about too hasty a rescheduling of a large part of Russia's debts since the economic outlook for the country remains uncertain."

* Yasin adds that President Yeltsin will urge leaders at the June G-7 summit in Halifax to let Russia become a member of the Paris Club as a "creditor," because Moscow has absorbed the burden of Soviet-era lending to client Third World regimes.

* Despite Yeltsin's promise to President Clinton, the Russian government might not sign the Partnership for Peace work plan by May 31, says Security Council Secretary Oleg Lobov. Moscow may link participation to NATO expansion.

* A Russian-Kazakhstani commission gave the green light to detonate a nuclear device at the Semipalatinsk nuclear test center rather than dismantle it, OMRI reports.

Russia Reform Monitor, No. 14, May 26, 1995

May 25, 1995

* The last Communist leader of Bulgaria signed a gas deal with Russian Prime Minister Chernomyrdin, OMRI reports. Former party chief Andrey Lukanov will head the new state-run Bulgarian-Russian company that will administer the arrangement.

* The Middle East--Persian Gulf states in particular--is Russia's "priority" target for weapons exports, Stanislav Filin, deputy chief of the Rosvooruzheniye state arms trade monopoly, tells Interfax.

* Massive government corruption has broken the 1995 Russian Federation budget, Finance Minister Vladimir Panskov announces.

Russia Reform Monitor, No. 14, May 26, 1995

May 26, 1995

* Moscow retains "operational control" of 18 strategic nuclear missiles in Belarus and 93 in Ukraine, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Col. Gen. Viktor Yasin tells Interfax.

* Former Finance Minister Boris Fyodorov alleges that Prime Minister Chernomyrdin became one of Russia's 10 wealthiest men by privatizing $1 billion worth of Gazprom stock to himself.

Russia Reform Monitor, No. 15, May 30, 1995

White House Coffee -

May 29, 1995

* Kozyrev notifies NATO that Moscow is ready to build a political and military relationship with the alliance, as a member of the "Partnership for Peace."

* Russia will condition membership in the "Partnership for Peace" on NATO not expanding.

Russia Reform Monitor, No. 15, May 30, 1995

May 31, 1995

White House Coffee -

Last Week of May, 1995

China successfully test-fired its first mobile intercontinental ballistic missile (The Dong Feng 31). The missile has a range of 5,000 miles and put all of Europe and western North America within its reach. – ohmlaw 00

June, 1995
Daniel S. Pearson was named O.I.C. to look into possible criminal violations involving Ronald Brown's receipt of $400,000 from First International Inc.

"three officials said much of what the United States knows of Beijing's nuclear program was initially provided by a Chinese government official "walk-in," or would-be spy who in June, 1995, contacted the CIA to hand over a 1988 document describing China's nuclear program. Among the warheads listed in the document was one strikingly similar to the W-88." Newsday 4/13/99 Knut Royce

Clinton lifted the ban on exports of ''cryptographic items'' to China. Such items could help China break U.S. military codes if they're used with high-speed computers. - INVESTOR'S BUSINESS DAILY 6/9/99 Paul Sperry

"...U.S. tax dollars put together a June 1995 catalog for General Ding and the Chinese Army, titled "U.S. Industry Directory - A Directory of U.S. Businesses Interested in Defense Conversion Opportunities in the People's Republic of China." The 73 page report of U.S. defense companies represents the Clinton "bilateral military" relationship with communist China. The catalog of 58 U.S. military manufacturers includes direct contacts at Boeing, Northrop, Rockwell International, Westinghouse, Raytheon, Pratt & Whitney, TRW, Lear Astronics, IBM, and Segate. Even CIGNA offered to provide "insurance" for the Chinese Army....." WorldNetDaily 7/27/99 Charles Smith

April-June, 1995

China: Parts for the M-11 missile to Pakistan. Violations: MTCR, AECA, EAR -no sanctions. . - Congress

Early June, 1995

CIA agents in Taiwan first learned of the theft of all seven of America's nuclear warhead designs sometime in early June 1995, but allegedly failed to inform their boss, John Deutch. – ohmlaw 00

June 1, 1995

White House Coffee - 2, 1995Roger Tamraz meets with Sheila Heslin at NSC to seek government support for his proposed oil pipeline plan. -

June 5, 1995

White House Coffee -

June 6, 1995

CSPP had a secret meeting in the White House on supercomputer and encryption export policy. After this meeting, Silicon Graphics sold 5 supercomputers to Russian Ministry of Atomics.

June 7, 1995White House Coffee -

June 7-12, 1995

Lee Teng-hui makes his landmark visit to his alma mater, Cornell University. - Center for Taiwan International Relations. Kristie Wang 1996

June 8, 1995

The Chinese announced that they had developed two new rockets, the Long March 3B and the Long March 3C. The rockets were designed to carry heavier payloads and "more than two satellites," the UPI reported.

June 9, 1995
A message left for John Huang at the Commerce Department from David Mercer of the DNC reads: "Have talked to Mi Ryn Ahn. Thank you very much." Six days later, a $10,000 contribution from Mi of Pan Metal was received by the DNC, for which "Jane Huang" is listed as the solicitor.

June 11, 1995

President Clinton's ambassador to China, Stapleton Roy, announced he would step down from his position at the end of the week. Roy was originally named ambassador to China by President Bush (he replaced James Lilley in mid-1991).

June 13, 1995

French President Jacques Chirac announced that France would resume nuclear testing in September. Ohmlaw 00

Mid June, 1995

Former Secretary of State/National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger (under President Nixon) met with then Secretary of State Warren Christopher sometime in mid-June,1995. China was the focus of their discussion. Both Kissinger and his organization Kissinger Associates have numerous business interests in China. Ohmlaw 00

June 14, 1995White House Coffee -


June 16, 1995

Beijing postpones the July cross-strait talks with Taiwan. - Center for Taiwan International Relations. Kristie Wang 1996

June 17, 1995

Chinese and U.S. ambassadors return home. - Center for Taiwan International Relations. Kristie Wang 1996

June 21, 1995

President Clinton signed Executive Order 12964 establishing the Commission on United States-Pacific Trade and Investment Policy. The purpose of the Commission was to study trade between the United States and Asian countries, and to recommend ways to improve access of American companies to those markets. The Commission was commonly referred to as the Bingaman Commission, in honor of Senator Jeff Bingaman of New Mexico. A list of recommended candidates had to be cleared with Mickey Kantor, then the United States Trade Representative. After Kantor had cleared the recommended candidates, the list would be provided to the White House. The Office of Presidential Personnel would then review the list, and submit it to the President for his approval. According to one USTR official, the President was "sometimes active and nixe[d] or change[d] names" of candidates.

White House Coffee -

June 27, 1995

Former President Bush visited CIA headquarters on June 27, 1995 (just weeks after a walk-in double agent dropped off America's nuclear weapons designs at a CIA office in Taiwan). Bush was given several intelligence briefings during his 2-hour visit. This was Bush's one and only visit to CIA headquarters since 1990. Never before in American history has a former president returned to CIA headquarters for intelligence briefings. – ohmlaw 00

June 28, 1995

President Clinton nominated Stapleton Roy to be his next ambassador to Indonesia……… Former Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary, former White House chief of staff Leon Panetta, and CIA Director John Deutch claim they first learned of China's theft of America's nuclear warhead designs sometime in July 1995. All three allege they never bothered to inform President Clinton. Ohmlaw 00

July, 1995

Huang's California friend, Commerce aide Melinda Yee, was a senior adviser to Ron Brown.

China: More than 30 M-11 missiles stored in Sargodha Air Force Base in Pakistan. Violation: MTCR, AECA, EAR -no sanctions. . - Congress

Charlie Trie hired Antonio Pan to assist him in his various enterprises. Pan was a longtime employee of the Lippo Group in Hong Kong and in Arkansas. As a Lippo employee, Pan had a number of contacts with Presidential friend Joe Giroir. In fact, when he departed Lippo to work for Trie, Pan wrote a brief note to Giroir letting him know: "A longtime friend of mine invited me to provide my service to his company’s investment in the Asian region. After I obtained my current superior’s understand [sic] and concurrence, I will resign my current position of Senior Vice President of marketing from this company. Please continue to extend your support to Lippo Group . . . ."

Charlie Trie accompanied Mark Middleton on another trip to Asia. During this trip, Middleton met with Liu Tai-ying, the chief financial manager of Taiwan’s ruling Kuomintang party. It has been reported during this meeting that Liu offered the DNC a campaign contribution of $15 million after Middleton explained his White House connections. Both Middleton and Liu have denied this report. While no contributions from Liu have been traced to the DNC to date, Liu did develop a relationship with Middleton and Trie.

Mark Middleton was retained by the Riady funded AIDC and paid $12,500 per month. As a consultant, Middleton was supposed to seek out businesses looking for opportunities in the Asian market, particularly joint venture partners for Lippo entities.

John Podesta left the employ of the White House and went directly to work for his brother, Tony. - WorldNet Daily 4/13/99

The White House was told about China's apparent theft of American nuclear weapons technology in July 1995, soon after it was detected by the Energy Department and the Central Intelligence Agency, several officials said.....Evidence that China may have stolen nuclear secrets first came to the attention of the White House during a meeting in July 1995, when the White House Chief of Staff, Leon Panetta, was informed of the problem by Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary, Panetta and other officials said. She added that Energy Department officials had also been told that the C.I.A. had gathered intelligence about the possible theft, they said. Panetta then called the C.I.A. Director, John Deutch, to find out what the agency was doing about the case, Panetta said. Deutch, who had also just received a call about the same matter from Deputy Energy Secretary Charles Curtis, told Panetta he would investigate. Panetta then told Deutch to work with the National Security Council at the White House on the case. Upset that he had not heard about the case first from officials in his own agency, Deutch called Panetta back a day or two later and told him what the C.I.A. knew about the spy case, officials said. - New York Times 6/27/99 James Risen Jeff Gerth

A letter from Defense Secretary William Perry to General Ding Henggao of COSTIND: "On behalf of the United States Department of Defense," …."I extend my regard to the officers and soldiers of the People's Liberation Army's Commission on Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense on the 46th Anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China." "Advancing the military relationship between our two nations remains an objective which we agree serves the long-term interests of peace and stability the Asia-Pacific Region," wrote Perry. "In the area of air traffic control. We have accomplished Step 5 of the Eight Point Air Traffic Control Initiative, and are prepared to carry our Step 6 by sending a delegation to China at any mutually agreed upon time in the future. Upon completion of Step 6, we would welcome a combined civil-military air traffic control delegation from China to the United States which will mark Step 7 of the Eight Point Plan." "Let me close by again conveying my respects to you on your National Day," wrote Perry. "And by reiterating my support for our bilateral military relationship."… " WorldNetDaily 7/13/99 Charles Smith

Daniel Pearson is named independent counsel to investigate Commerce Secretary Ron Brown for shady business dealings.

Ken Starr indicts Jim Guy Tucker and Jim and Susan McDougal for bank fraud and conspiracy relating to Madison Guaranty Savings & Loan.

June 21, 1995
Daihatsu Corp. (Charlie Trie) contributes $50,000 to the DNC.

July, 1995
The White House Counsel's office selectively releases a 331 page report entitled "Communication Stream of Conspiracy Commerce," that blamed the widespread media coverage on a well-organized right-wing smear campaign that uses the Internet as one of its tools. Portions of the report were posted on the Internet by "The Back To Business Committee," a group of Clinton loyalists led by former DNC vice-chair Lynn Cutler. The report was jointly prepared by the Democratic National Committee and Mark Fabiani, the former White House special counsel who dealt with ethics issues. The White House report blames many sources, especially the Internet. "The right wing has seized upon the Internet as a means of communicating its ideas to people," it says. The report also lashes out at The Wall Street Journal, which it accused of being "a mouthpiece for Floyd Brown's research." Brown is a well-known conservative political activist.

Don Fowler wrote to Johnny Chung and said, "Best of luck on your trip to China. I enjoyed meeting your friend who is the wife of the Chief of Staff of the Chinese Army." (Ohmlaw98 says: "I do not believe that this is Liu Chao-Ying, I know that she is the daughter of a PLA General, but I have not read anything on her marriage to the Chief of Staff. This date also is over a year prior to her fundraising efforts….")

July 11, 1995

Roger Tamraz meets with Don Fowler and Ari Swiller at the DNC. DNC briefing memo for the meeting shows that Fowler was supposed to ask Tamraz for a $250K donation. And indicates if Tamraz agrees to give $250K, he can be invited to the NY Managing Trustees Dinner that evening. -

July 12, 1995

DNC staffer Alejandra Castillo sends note to Fowler, alerting him of problems with Tamraz's background and asking him for guidance with the DNC Financial Division on whether to continue dealing with him.


July 13, 1995

President Clinton approved the permanent closing of Long Beach (California) Naval Station during an Oval Office meeting with then Defense Secretary William Perry, Secretary of State Warren Christopher, and his chief of staff, Leon Panetta. – Ohmlaw 00

July 14, 1995

Congressional Record-Senate 7/14/95 Sen. Pell S10076 "… Mr. PELL. Mr. President. Yesterday, the President transmitted to the Senate the annual report for 1994 of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. In addition to detailing the Agency's many activities during 1994, the report includes a major section on the adherence by the United States to its arms control obligations and the compliance of other nations with their arms control obligations…. This year's unclassified report is remarkably open with regard to the kind of problems that we must address, and it represents a serious effort by ACDA Director, John Holum, and his staff to be informative and clear-headed in their analysis and judgments...... With regard to the 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and China , the report says: The United States believes that China had an offensive BW program prior to 1984 when it became a Party to the BWC. FINDING The United States Government believes that based on available evidence, China maintained an offensive BW program throughout most of the 1980s. The offensive BW program included the development, production, stockpiling or other acquisition or maintenance of biological warfare agents. China's CBM mandated declarations have not resolved U.S. concerns about this program and there are strong indications that China probably maintains its offensive program. The United States Government, therefore, believes that in the years after its accession to the BWC, China was not in compliance with its BWC obligations and that it is highly probable that it remains noncompliant with these obligations. …"

President Clinton visited CIA headquarters. While there, he received intelligence briefings from CIA Director Deutch. Deutch, allegedly, failed to mention China's theft of all of America's nuclear weapons designs. According to a picture in the July 15 issue of the New York Times, First Lady Hillary Clinton joined the president on his visit. – ohnlaw 00

July 17, 1995

A memorandum was sent from Harold Ickes to DNC employee Bobby Watson "strongly urging" that the DNC obtain "broadcast fax capability" and suggesting Johnny Chung's company (AISI) as a suitable outside contractor for such service. White House officials also met with AISI representatives to inquire into the possibility of hiring the company, although they ultimately concluded that there would would be "legal concerns" were the White House itself to hire Chung. Because of these worries, they recommended that the DNC, rather than the White House pursue this matter with Chung.

Former President Bush visited the White House for the first and only time since leaving office. – ohmlaw 00

July 20, 1995

White House Coffee -


July 21, 1995

White House press briefing excerpts by then Press Secretary Mike McCurry: .........
Q Were you able to find anything out on China and Bush?
MR. MCCURRY: I did. I talked to the President about that. They had a very good discussion. When President Bush was here for the unveiling of his portrait, the President had -- President Clinton had a very specific interest in talking to him about China. ...... He met not long ago with Dr. Henry Kissinger who had just returned from a trip to China. In fact, Alexander Haig, John Whitehead, several others were part of that delegation, I believe --they were here for a visit with the President as well. He has talked to some -- additionally, to Senator Bill Bradley. He had an opportunity to talk to former Secretary (Lloyd) Bentsen recently who, as you know, has spent considerable amounts of time in China. And he specifically sought out former President Bush so he could talk about China…….." ohmlaw 00

July 25, 1995

First Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets urges increased military relations with the People's Republic of China. According to TASS, Soskovets opens the possibility of joint military production programs with the PRC in the Far East. - Russia Reform Monitor, No. 34, July 28, 1995

Mid, 1995

House of Representatives 4/15/97 Rep Cunningham "...Senior White House aides learned that Commerce Department officials had concerns about John Huang in mid-1995, several months before the White House helped place him in a sensitive fund-raising job in the DNC, the Democratic National Committee. People at the Commerce Department itself described Mr. Huang as `bad news.' According to several people familiar with the matter, officials at the Department were worried that Mr. Huang's government work posed a conflict with his past employment with Lippo and direct ties with Communist China. In his second week on the job at the Commerce Department, Mr. Huang and Webster Hubbell, who has recently been in the news and who was then employed by Lippo, met for lunch in Washington. At the time, according to the internal White House documents, administration officials were monitoring Mr. Hubbell's cooperation with the Whitewater independent counsel. That evening, Mr. Huang joined Mr. Riady and Mr. Clinton at the President's birthday party. It is no secret that these were some of the individuals that gave Mr. Hubbell over $500,000, quote, as a friend. John Huang received 37 CIA-documented intelligence briefings at the Commerce Department, saw more than two dozen intelligence reports, and made over 70 phone calls to a Lippo-controlled bank in Los Angeles, his former employer...."

August 1995
Chong Lo, who was convicted in the 1980s on tax fraud, attended a coffee at the White House with the President. About 11 months later, she was arrested on charges she falsified mortgage applications.

Hubbell entered federal prison.

C.I.A. officials analyzing the documents quickly focused on one that included what appeared to be classified design information about American nuclear weapons, including the W-88. Dated 1988, the document also included a hand drawing of a United States nuclear warhead re-entry vehicle. But initially, the C.I.A. did not tell the Energy Department -- or anyone else in the Government -- that it had obtained the W-88 document, officials say.... by August 1995 Energy Department's analysts had obtained a copy, even though it would not be officially distributed throughout American intelligence agencies until that December. - New York Times 6/27/99 James Risen Jeff Gerth

August 2, 1995

Ernie Green arrived in Taiwan for meetings with Mark Middleton and Charlie Trie who were already there. Green came to Asia at the invitation and expense of Charlie Trie and Ng Lap Seng. Green claims that he had been introduced to the Nam Van Lakes project almost eight months earlier by Trie, and came to Asia to inspect the property to see if he could recommend it to his employer, Lehman Brothers, for financing. While on this trip, Green made a number of detours to pursue personal business interests. During this Asia trip, Green claims that he traveled to Hong Kong and Macau to meet with Ng Lap Seng and inspect the Nam Van Lakes project. Green claimed that he first visited Lehman Brothers’ Hong Kong office to speak with Barry Gold, a Lehman executive who handled infrastructure projects in Asia. According to Green, they discussed the real estate market and development in Macau and the impact of Hong Kong’s impending transition to Chinese rule. Gold has no recollection of this meeting, and states that he only saw Green once in Asia, during Green’s second trip to Asia in October 1995. In addition, Gold said Lehman Brothers would not have any interest in Nam Van Lakes because it did not participate in real estate projects. Gold’s statements are at odds with Green’s testimony. Green contends that his contacts with Trie never brought him into contact with another Trie associate, Mark Middleton. For example, even though Middleton was also in Taiwan on August 2 and part of Middleton’s trip concerned the Nam Van Lakes project in Macau, Green claims that he never saw Middleton in Taiwan, was unaware of Middleton’s involvement with the Nam Van Lakes project, and claims he did not know of any business dealings between Middleton and Trie. However, both Green and Middleton sent letters to Ng Lap Seng expressing their interest in pursuing the Nam Van Lakes project. These letters are practically identical, and suggest that Green and Middleton may have had knowledge of the other’s activities involving Nam Van Lakes. Green denies that he had any contact with Middleton while in Taiwan, but it should be noted that Trie was hosting them both at the same time.

Executive Order #12968 - 8/2/95 - Access to Classified Information ("This order establishes a uniform Federal personnel security program for employees who will be considered for initial or continued access to classified information." " in order to protect our citizens, our democratic institutions, and our participation with the community of nations. The unauthorized disclosure of information classified in the national interest can cause irreparable damage to the national security and loss of human life.") (Clinton, who has never been investigated for a Top Security Clearance, carefully excluded himself from this order; otherwise, under this EO, he would be denied access to classified information.) - 4/21/99 Gretchen Glass

August 3, 1995

White House Coffee -

August 7,1995
Web Hubbell enters prison for his conviction for two felony counts of mail fraud and tax evasion.

August 8, 1995

White House Coffee -

August 10, 1995

White House Coffee -

August 15, 1995

E.O. 12924 Continued

August 23, 1995

A new epidemic of spy fever is sweeping through Russia," according to the Toronto Globe and Mail. "The Cold War may be over, but the old Soviet-era atmosphere of fear and paranoia is rapidly reviving itself." One Moscow analyst is quoted as saying, "Society is easier to mobilize if there is a perceived enemy." The "perceived enemy" is the United States and European NATO countries, but not China or Iran." - Russia Reform Monitor, No. 42 August 24, 1995

August 28, 1995

White House Coffee -

August 29, 1995

Ernie Green launched the lobbying effort to put Charlie Trie on a September trip to Beijing with First Lady Hillary Clinton for the Fourth World Conference on Women. He did so by calling Melanne Verveer in the First Lady’s office, saying he was calling at Alexis Herman’s suggestion, about "trip to China and supporter from Arkansas, Charlie Tree [sic]." Green claims he has no recollection of this effort to help Trie. That same day, less than three hours later, Trie himself called Verveer and left a message stating: "spoke with HRC in Little Rock about going to Beijing wants to know if he can go with her." Two days later, Trie had already left for China, and David Mercer of the DNC called Janice Enright at the White House and left a message stating "Charlie Trie left for Beijing, hadn’t heard from HI [Harold Ickes] or FLOTUS [First Lady]." On this same, slip, there is another message stating "Ernie Green already contacted and he’s happy!!" Despite the existence of these documents, Green denies that he made any effort to have Trie included in the Beijing Women’s conference. In his quest to be included in the Beijing Women’s Conference, Trie also enlisted the aid of Jude Kearney. Kearney, asked that Trie and one other individual be included in the private sector events at the Conference. Kearney acknowledged trying to help Trie be included in the Women’s Conference, but testified that he was "trying to support the business people whom we came to know in foreign markets and who were very involved in our initiatives; and Mr. Trie and Mr. Soo fit that description." Documents received by the Committee show Trie returning to the U.S. from Asia five days after the Conference on Women began.

September, 1995

American Spectator first notices relationship between Clinton, Riadys, Lippo Bank and John Huang

Huang, James Riady and Joseph Giroir, former Rose Law Firm managing partner, met with Clinton and Lindsey in the White House. All agreed that Huang can better serve the president as a fund-raiser.

Huang got another briefing from Commerce Department's CIA intelligence liaison officer; phoned Lippo Bank of California. Riady met again with Clinton and stressed the importance of renewing China's MFN status.

China: Calutron electromagnetic isotope separation system for uranium enrichment to Iran - for a nuclear weapons program. Violation: NT, NPPA, EIBA, AECA - no sanctions. . - Congress

Eric Wynn bilked millions from investors and had already served two years in prison when he sat down for coffee at the White House with President Clinton and seven other guests, The Washington Post reported. He served his time after a 1989 guilty plea on theft and tax charges.

President Clinton approved a large media budget of $10,000,000 for commercial advertisements on television.

Don Fowler wrote to China Petrochemical’s Huaren Sheng in Beijing, at Johnny Chung’s request, to invite him to come to a meeting at the DNC. He went on to write to the Secretaries of Energy and Treasury to ask them to meet with Chung and Sheng.

President Clinton attends a White House meeting with Leon Panetta, Deputy Defense Secretary John White, and Carmen Perez, the Vice President of Long Beach, California harbor and former vice chairwoman of the Democratic National Committee about plan to turn Long Beach Naval Station over to city of Long Beach free of charge. Long Beach officials had already planned to lease the base to China's state-owned shipping company, COSCO.

FBI arrests Intel Corporation employee and Argentine national William Gaede for stealing Pentium chip secrets and passing information on to China, Iran, and Cuba.

White House Counsel Abner Mikva resigns. Jack Quinn is named as his replacement.

President Clinton, Leon Panetta, and Deputy Defense Secretary John White met in the Oval Office and discussed plans to transfer control of Long Beach Naval Station to the city of Long Beach with the full knowledge they planned on leasing it to COSCO. The Navy had approved the deal (the Navy was led at the time by Navy Secretary John Dalton and Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Jeremy "Mike" Boorda). No national security review was performed before the decision. Ohmlaw 00


September 5, 1995

Russia is selling another Kilo-class submarine to the People's Republic of China, according to TASS. Beijing is reported to pay $250 million for the vessel, the second Kilo sub bought this year. - Russia Reform Monitor, No. 45, September 8, 1995

France conducted a nuclear test in the South Pacific. Ohmlaw 00

September 6, 1995

President Clinton met with Panama President Ernesto Perez Balladeres at the White House. The topic of discussion was the then planned handover of the Panama Canal. Panama eventually leased control of the canal to a Chinese company called Hutchison Whampoa. Huntchison Whampoa is owned by billionaire Li Ka-Shing. Commerce Secretary Brown met with representatives of Li in Hong Kong in October 1995. Ohmlaw 00

September 7, 1995

White House Coffee -

September 8, 1995

White House Coffee -

September 9, 1995

After donating $100,000, Eric Hotung meets with Robert Suettinger, at Don Fowler's request. -

September 10, 1995

Roger Tamraz writes $50,000 check to DNC. -

September 11, 1995

On or about 9/11/95, Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie attended a DNC dinner at the White House with the VPOTUS. Tamraz Attends DNC leadership Forum reception. -

September 13, 1995
John Huang attends an Oval Office meeting with President Clinton, James Riady, Joseph Giroir, and Bruce Lindsey. At the meeting, Huang or Riady requested of the President a "transfer" for Huang from Commerce to the DNC, and President Clinton obliged the request. Huang's WAVES entry that day does not disclose that he sat in the Oval Office with President Clinton, had a lengthy chat, and succeeded in securing a new job at the DNC. Instead, the record simply recounts that Huang had a 5:15 pm appointment that day in the West Wing. The "visitee" is listed as Nancy Hernreich; the requestoris Rebecca Cameron, Hernreich's assistant. Commerce Dept. officials claim that they had no knowledge that Huang had this sort of access - Wall Street Journal 4/14/98

Gore national security advisor Leon Fuerth writes to the VP, saying Roger Tamraz's pipeline plan is "Questionable." Notes that Rick Grimes & Sheila Heslin object to Tamraz having access to high level US officials. Fuerth also says the oil financier has a history of making false claims. Advises no high government contact with Tamraz -

Joe Giroir meets at Four Seasons with James Riady and DNC officials Fowler and Sullivan. Giroir tells Don Fowler he believes Huang is best person to orchestrate Asian-American fundraising. -

Handwritten note on WH stationary from McLarty to Nancy Hernreich: "Upon reflection, I do think the POTUS should call James Riady given James' time in Arkansas. Of course if POTUS decides to see him

that's his call. Pl let me know what happens since I will see James @ Thurs.speech." -

POTUS met in Oval Office with Bruce Lindsey, John Huang, Joe Giroir, and James Riady, a Lippo executive. It is a 20 minute meeting described by the White House as a "social visit." But Lindsey testified to Senate that during the meeting Huang told POTUS he wanted to raise $ for Democrats. -

President Clinton met in the Oval Office with the Lippo Group's James Riady, Hillary Clinton's former boss at the Rose Law Firm, C. Joseph Giroir, his deputy chief of staff Bruce Lindsey, and Commerce Department official John Huang. (Huang -- a suspected spy -- was employed by the Lippo Group just prior to joining the Commerce Department in 1994). During the meeting, they decided Huang should leave Ron Brown's Commerce Department and become a senior fund-raiser for the Democratic National Committee. – ohmlaw 00

September 14, 1995

White House records indicate that Charlie Trie and Ernie Green went to the White House to visit Charles Duncan, a friend of Green. The interview between Duncan, Trie, and Green lasted approximately thirty minutes. Duncan has testified that he was interviewing Trie to try to determine the value that he would add to the Bingaman Commission. Investigators believe other matters relating to the President's Legal Expense Trust and the DNC were also discussed.

White House Coffee -

Bruce Lindsey call sheet with message from Huang saying he'd be willing to meet late that night or tomorrow - and reminding Lindsey to call Riady. -

DNC memo from David Mercer to Don Fowler says the Hotungs will be giving $100,000 & attending WH dinner with Clintons. -

September 15, 1995

Ernie Green called Mickey Kantor, the United States Trade Representative. Neither recall the content of the conversation.

Charlie Trie was one of 50 guests at the White House for a dinner recognizing the DNC’s top donors.

A meeting between Bruce lindsey and John Huang occurred at the White House.

White House Coffee -

West Wing entry log noting Huang visit to Lindsey. -

Tamraz Goes to the DNC Leadership Forum reception at White House. -

Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie attended a DNC Trustee dinner at the White House with POTUS. -

September 20, 1995

Charles Duncan spoke to Phyllis Jones of the USTR to tell her that he wanted Charlie Trie added to the list of recommended candidates for the Bingaman Commission. In an e-mail message sent to a USTR colleague after her conversation with Duncan, Jones described Trie as a "DNC nominee:" Duncan and Jones also discussed a recommendation that the Commission be expanded past 15 members in order to accommodate Trie and the other new candidates. Therefore, Jones asked the USTR legal counsel to draft the required documents that would allow the President to issue a new Executive Order expanding the Commission. On January 31, 1996, the President signed Executive Order 12987, which expanded the Commission from 15 to "up to 20" members. This Executive Order allowed the President to appoint Charlie Trie to the Bingaman Commission.

Fowler Memo to Doug Sosnik at WH requesting a meeting for Hotung with either Sandy Berger or Anthony Lake. Mentions twice in space of a single page what a "strong supporter" Hotung is. -

September 21, 1995

Mark Middleton and Charlie Trie escorted Liu Tai-ying, the chief financial manager of Taiwan’s ruling Kuomintang party, to a fundraiser in San Francisco where Liu met President Clinton and Vice President Gore. It is currently unclear how Trie and Middleton got Liu into the event. To date, there is no record of Liu making a contribution, direct or indirect.

Bin Liu, described by Irene Wu as the son of a General in the Chinese military, attended the Clinton/Gore ‘96 fundraiser in Century City, California with Chung’s delegation. Chung’s other guests included Liu Chao-Ying of China Aerospace International Holdings, Ltd. and Yat Hung Yiu of China Medical Development Company. According to records obtained by the Committee, Chung and Bin Liu formed C.L. International on July 26, 1996. The company’s stated principal activity is international trade. CL International issued 100,000 shares at $1 per share. Chung received 30,000 shares. Liu received 70,000 shares.


President Clinton made a campaign stop in Long Beach, California. While there, he met with Long Beach Mayor Beverly O'Neil. – ohmlaw 00

September 22, 1995
In a memorandum, Secretary of State Warren Christopher rejected plans to give Commerce the sole power to approve satellite exports after an interagency study warned that "significant" military and intelligence capabilities could be lost in the licensing authority switch.

An Airborne Warning and Control System plane carrying 24 military personnel crashes and burns on takeoff, killing everyone aboard, at Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska. The Associated Press 4/9/00

September 26, 1995

Huang Drops by DNC to see Fowler without an appointment. Again recommends Huang and talks of making a contribution. -

In a bar in the lobby of the Willard Hotel, Middleton introduces DNC finance chairman, Marvin Rosen to Huang and Giroir - a meeting Giroir asked Middleton to set up once he learned Rosen would be new DNC Finance Chair. -

September 27, 1995

White House Coffee -

September 28, 1995

DOE opens W-88 administrative inquiry– Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99

Fall, 1995

Undersecretary of Commerce William Reinsch and Commerce legal counsel Betty Baca exchanged a series of highly classified memos on granting a "National Interest Waiver" for a U.S. satellite company. The Reinsch memos were removed from the Commerce Department by former DNC fundraiser, and close friend of John Huang, Ira Sockowitz. Those files were found in 1996, along with over 2,000 pages of classified documents, hidden in the personal safe of Mr. Sockowitz at the Small Business Administration. Chicago Tribune 11/2/96 Mary Jacoby David Jackson; WorldNetDaily 7/21/98 Charles Smith "…; Judicial Watch

Fall 1995 to spring 1996

Gore makes fund-raising phone calls from the White House using a Clinton-Gore campaign credit card. - AP Online 3/26/00

October, 1995

Ron Brown led trade mission to China with Trie, Antonio Pan.

Motorola announced plans to build a $720-million semiconductor plant in Tianjin, China.

Chung gives $50,000 check to DNC

Mark Middleton and Charlie Trie returned to Asia. At one point during this trip, Middleton took a suite at the Hong Kong Grand Hyatt, where, in the words of a witness who was there, Middleton "held court." The witness, who worked with William Peh at Consolidated Trust Company, stated that Middleton had eight to ten businessmen and government officials from mainland China in his suite, all of whom were waiting to meet with Middleton. Middleton was holding private meetings in a bedroom adjoining the suite. This witness also recalls that Trie and Ng were present during this episode. It is not known what Middleton was discussing with these visitors.

Ron Brown allegedly "sold" tax-paid sets to big DNC donors like Loral. All told, Brown’s junkets raised an estimated $17 million for Democrats.

In a letter to James Riady, Mark Middleton wrote, "On two separate occasions, I spoke to President Soeharto (Indonesia) and mentioned how helpful you have been to him here in Washington. He certainly seemed to be very appreciative of your efforts."

October 2, 1995
John Huang had a meeting with Harold Ickes at the White House. At this meeting, Ickes recommended that Huang work at the DNC and contacted Marvin Rosen and Don Fowler.

White House Coffee -

Tamraz manages to get invited to a fundraiser for Ted Kennedy at his home in Virginia. He is seated at the head table with Kennedy and Gore. Tamraz hires Marvin Rosen's firm, Greenburg Traurig, to represent his company. -

October 3, 1995

Per Heslin and Sullivan testimony, on this day someone at WH faxed a copy of Leon Fuerth's anti-Tamraz memo over to Sullivan at DNC - probably in response to pressure to schedule a Tamraz meeting.

Sandy Berger meets for a photo opportunity with DNC $100,000 donor Eric Hotung, at Fowler's request. Briefing memo for Berger describes Hotung as fabulously rich, but urges him not to spend much time with him. -

October 4, 1995

Hotungs meet with Sandy Berger. A few days later, Patricia Hotung gives $99,980 to DNC. -

October 5, 1995

White House Coffee -

The invitation to breakfast with Gore is apparently rescinded. Tamraz does not attend.


October 6, 1995

Tamraz met with Fowler and Sullivan at Fowler's office to discuss the disinvitation. Fowler tells him there was resistance to him and that the WH wanted more information before he could attend these events. Tamraz gives Fowler the name of Bob, his CIA friend. -

October 9, 1995

Secretary of State Warren Christopher ended a lengthy debate within the Clinton administration by initialing a classified order preserving the State Department's sharp limits on China's ability to launch American made satellites aboard Chinese rockets. The New York Times, 5/17/98

October 11, 1995
Dynamic Energy Corp. (Nora Lum) contributes $5,000.00 in two separate payments to the "Committee for a Democratic Majority" Campaign.

October 12, 1995
Kenneth Wynn of Lippoland contributed another $12,000 to the DNC, for which "Jane Huang" was also listed as the solicitor. As with the Mi Ahn solicitation, it was apparent to the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee that "Jane" was substituted for "John" in an effort to conceal John's illegal role in soliciting the contribution.

Deputy Secretary Lawrence Summers met with Sheng and Chung in Treasury's Diplomatic Reception Room.

October 13, 1995

Clinton met with James Riady of the Lippo Group, who is Mochtar's son, and John Huang, a deputy assistant secretary of Commerce who worked for the Lippo Group before joining the Commerce Department. Riady discussed U.S. trade policy toward China, where the Lippo Group has a major financial stake, and John Huang asked to be transferred from the Commerce Department to the fundraising arm of the DNC.

White House Coffee -

October 17, 1995

Sent by Richard Sullivan, DNC Finance Director, a Letter to Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin from Fowler, DNC regarding an enclosed request by Chung for a meeting "Mr. Chung, one of the top supporters of the Democratic National Committee, has asked me to assist him with this request .I would appreciate your strong consideration of this invitation." Chung was seeking a meeting at Treasury for a delegation headed by Huaren Sheng president of China Petrochemical Corp. who was looking for low interest loans.

In a letter to Treasury Secretary Robert E. Rubin, Fowler enclosed a request by Chung for a meeting the next week. "Mr. Chung, one of the top supporters of the Democratic National Committee, has asked me to assist him with this request," Fowler wrote. "I would appreciate your strong consideration of this invitation." The documents from the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee reveal that then-DNC co-chairman Donald L. Fowler helped Chung arrange a meeting at Treasury for a delegation headed by Huaren Sheng, president of China Petrochemical Corp. (SINOPEC), a huge state-owned conglomerate that employs 900,000 people. Sheng was hoping to secure low-interest loans for expansion of his refineries in China. The messages were faxed to Treasury with a cover sheet identifying the sender as Richard Sullivan, who was the DNC finance director at the time. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

October 18, 1995

Ernie Green returned to Hong Kong for the purpose of attending a dinner for Commerce Secretary Ron Brown. The dinner was held at Hong Kong’s Shangri-La Hotel, and is surrounded by controversy. The House Committee has received contradictory testimony with respect to who organized the dinner, and what transpired at the dinner. Regardless of who actually planned the dinner, it is clear that there were four major personalities involved in the dinner: Ron Brown; Ernie Green; Charlie Trie; Ng Lap Seng and Antonio Pan. At the very minimum, the dinner represented an unusual private event where the Secretary of Commerce was introduced to a number of foreign business leaders. Ernie Green testified that the Shangri-La dinner was organized by Trie and Ng Lap Seng, and he was merely invited to the dinner by Trie. Yet again, Green’s sworn testimony is contradicted by other witnesses. Melinda Yee, who attended the event with Secretary Brown, testified before the Senate that Green hosted the event. Other people attending the event included the business elite from Hong Kong, Macau, and the PRC including: Eric and Patricia Hotung, Wang Jun of CITIC, Wong Xu, William Peh, Priscilla Wong, Yan Sheng Pan, Jie Liu, Trie, Ng, Antonio Pan, and representatives of Hong Kong and Macau tycoons Stanley Ho and Li-Ka-shing. The dinner began with speeches by Brown, Trie, and Green. After that, Secretary Brown and Green were introduced to a number of guests, including Wang Jun. According to one press account of the dinner, Trie and Pan then solicited a number of the guests to contribute to the DNC. In addition, Green reportedly told guests at the dinner not to exchange business cards and to keep the event quiet. Eric and Patricia Hotung, whose $100,000 contribution to the DNC was questioned because of a possible link to a meeting with the National Security Council, also contributed $99,980 on two starter checks just eight days prior to the Shangri-La dinner. Other guests, including Ng Lap Seng, William Peh, Yan Sheng Pan, Jie Liu, Wang Jun, and Priscilla Wong, attended DNC fundraising events with Trie just months after this event. None were eligible to contribute to the DNC, and according to FEC records, none has directly contributed to the DNC. However, the Committee is investigating whether there is any connection between the appearance of these individuals at the Shangri-La dinner in October 1995 and their appearance at DNC fundraising events later in November 1995 and February 1996.

Tamraz calls CIA Bob to inform him that Fowler may call. -

October 19, 1995

Executive Order #12951 - 10/19/95 - Interagency Security Committee (Provides a permanent body to address continuing government-wide security for Federal facilities.) - 4/21/99 Gretchen Glass

October 20, 1995

Bob writes in an internal CIA memo, that Don Fowler called him on 10/19 and said he was trying to arrange a meeting between Tamraz and Gore about the pipeline proposal. -


October 23, 1995
Johnny Chung and Huaren Sheng, president of China Petrochemical Corp. (SINOPEC), attended a meeting at Treasury with Deputy Secretary Lawrence H. Summers and several assistants met with Sheng and his retinue, including Chung, in the department's Diplomatic Reception Room. (Government Reform Committee)

Middleton phoned Rosen, he said he would like to set up a meeting with Rosen, Joe Giroir and John Huang. -

October 25, 1995

White House Coffee -

October 31, 1995

Motorola announced that it had formed a joint venture with China's Panda Electronics Group to produce personal computers in China.

Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie signed a letter under the title "Vice Chair, Dem. Natl. Fin. Com." to officers of two Chinese corp. inviting them to a "special luncheon honoring the POTUS." -

November, 1995

Under the Clinton administration, registered foreign agents obtained secrets that cannot be revealed to the American public: ...Another clue is a November 1995 CSPP letter to Ron Brown that states "we want to express our great appreciation for your role in the President's recent decision to significantly reform computer export controls." Within weeks of the November 1995 CSPP thank-you to Ron Brown, Russian and Chinese weapons labs bought CSPP computers for nuclear weapons research. - 4/20/99 Charles Smith Softwar


Deutch finally briefed the national security adviser, Anthony Lake, on the [espionage] case in November 1995. Lake said he did not recall the briefing, but he and White House officials said there was a record of it. Before meeting with Lake, Deutch received a full briefing from the C.I.A. analysts, who convinced him that design information on the nuclear weapon -- known as the W-88 -- had been stolen by Beijing, officials said. President Clinton was not told of the evidence in 1995 by Panetta, Lake, or any of the other officials who had been briefed, according to the National Security Council spokesman, David C. Leavy. Berger also did not tell President Clinton about the case following his briefing in 1996. - New York Times 6/27/99 James Risen Jeff Gerth

Convicted Miami drug trafficker Jose Cabrera gives $20,000 to the DNC.

After only two hours deliberation, a jury finds former Travel Office Director Billy Dale, not guilty of embezzelment

November 1, 1995

White House Coffee -

November 2, 1995
Huang, helped organize a fund-raising dinner on behalf of the DNC fund-raising apparatus, the Asian-Pacific American Leadership Council (APALC), with Vice President Gore as the featured guest. Immediately after the November 2 dinner, Huang had dinner with DNC Deputy Finance Director David Mercer, Charlie Trie, and a fourth, unidentified person. In a deposition before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee David Mercer described the nature of the conversation: "To be honest, it was more in Chinese or Mandarin, or whatever, to the point that I was focused on eating and don't know really what subject matters were discussed."

November 8, 1995

The DNC held its top-level African-American fundraiser at the Car Barn in Washington, D.C. The main fundraisers working on this event were Ernie Green and Richard Mays. The main DNC staffer working on the event was David Mercer. Charlie Trie became involved in this fundraiser, raised money for it, and attended the event with a number of guests. DNC documents relating to the event indicate that Trie committed to raising $100,000 for the Car Barn event, a substantial portion of the $500,000 the event was intended to raise overall. The only funds that the Committee has found that Trie raised for the event, though, is $15,000 contributed by the CHY Corporation and Celia Chau. Trie came to this event with a number of Asian guests, described by David Mercer as a "boatload" of visitors. None of these individuals appear on DNC guest lists for the event. Nevertheless, it appears that the DNC was prepared for their arrival, and had nametags printed for them. Trie and his guests attended a special private reception for the largest donors to the Car Barn event. A videotape belatedly produced by the White House Communications Agency records the President’s introduction to Trie’s group. First the President greeted Trie, saying "Hey Charlie, how are you doing." Then Trie introduced the President to Dr. Chun Hua Yeh, a Taiwanese businessman, and Jiongzhang Tang. Then, Ernie Green introduced the President to Ng Lap Seng. Green noted that Ng hosted a reception for Secretary Brown in Hong Kong, and that he had been "very helpful." Green also informed the President that Ng owned a golf course in Macau, and that the President should use it when he is in Macau. Later, the President posed for photographs with Trie’s group. The photographs were being taken by the event photographer, but also by Ernie Green’s wife, Phyllis, and by Richard Mays. After several pictures were taken, Secretary Brown approached the group, and said "look at the crowd you’re with!" He then joined the group for photographs with the President. While the photographs were being taken, Brown told the President that "big business helps us everywhere." As the group was breaking up, Brown informed the President that "this is part of the Trie Team." The President answered "yes." After the photographs were taken, Green, Mays, Brown, and the President formed a huddle and exchanged words for several moments. The remarks made by Green, the President, and Ron Brown at the Car Barn event remain cryptic. Green and Mays both denied that they ever heard the term "Trie Team," other than this one time. Secretary Brown’s comments indicate that he was familiar with Trie and his associates. At least two members of the "Trie Team," Ng Lap Seng and Yan Sheng Pan, had attended the Shangri-La event with Brown. Brown also indicated no surprise at seeing these foreign businessmen at an event for DNC donors. Green and Mays also denied knowing what Secretary Brown meant by his comment that "big business helps us everywhere." Washington Weekly 4/5/99 Marvin Lee

An Air Force plane carrying sergeants and their families to a party crashes into a mountain during a rainstorm near Bueno Aires, Argentina. All 53 aboard are killed. The Associated Press 4/9/00

November 9, 1995

Charles Duncan drafted a decision memorandum for the Bingaman Commission which listed Yah Lin Trie as a "White House selection" for the Commission. Two weeks later, Duncan drafted another decision memorandum, which this time listed Trie as an "Ernie Green" selection for the Commission. In the final decision memorandum, dated December 12, 1995, Trie was listed as being sponsored for appointment by Ernie Green. In his testimony before the Committee, Duncan indicated that he had erroneously listed Trie as a White House selection on the initial draft of the decision memorandum, and that he later corrected the error. Green testified that after he had initially recommended Trie for a position in the administration, Charles Duncan called him and asked if he would be "a supporter of Trie’s candidacy." However, the fact that Trie was originally listed as a "White House selection" on the first White House document prepared about his selection supports the account of Steve Clemons, that Trie was a "must appointment" whose name had come "from the highest levels of the White House."

Arief and Soraya Wiriadinata contributed $30,000 to the DNC. Soraya's father, Hashim Ning, was a wealthy business partner of the Riady family. Ning, who was recovering from a heart attack, had wired a total of $500,000 from Indonesia to the Wiriadinatas' account in the U.S between November 5 and November 7, 1995. The following day, November 8, 1995, Huang helped arrange for another get well note for Ning from President Clinton.

Former CIA officer Bruce Riedel, now Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, voluntarily revealed to Chairman Benjamin Gilman of the House International Relations Committee his own concerns that Communist Chinese firms may have exported chemical weapons "precursors" to Iran.

White House Coffee -

Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie solicited person at a DNC fundraiser in Washington, DNC to make a contribution to the DNC in the amount of $5,000 and subsequently reimbursed that person in cash. -


November 10, 1995

The Clinton administration said it was investigating why Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary spent $43,000 in taxpayer money to hire a consulting firm to rank news reporters covering her agency. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

In a memo from the DNC’s Ari Swiller, asking Don Fowler to call Johnny Chung, the hard sell tactics used by DNC employees to solicit contributions is revealed: "Johnny committed to contribute $75,000 to the DNC reception in Los Angeles on September 21. He has still not sent his contribution. Tell him if he does not complete his commitment ASAP bad things will happen."


November 12, 1995
A memo from Harold M. Ickes, the former White House deputy chief of staff, to senior officials of the Democratic National Committee detailed a plan to have the President make 18 to 20 calls to raise money personally and the Vice President make 10 calls in hopes of raising $1.2 million in the final weeks of the year.

November 13, 1995

Trie Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie solicits at a fundraiser in DC to make a contribution to the DSCC in the amount of $2,000 and subsequently reimbursed that individual in cash. -

Rosen and Sullivan interview Huang. Huang is offered DNC job later that day. -


November 15, 1995
President Clinton visits Mr. Panetta and Deputy Chief of Staff Harold Ickes in the West Wing of the White House. During the course of this visit, the president had a conversation with a 21 year old intern named Monica Lewinsky. According to Ms. Lewinsky, she and the President made eye contact when he came into the room. At one point, Ms. Lewinsky and the President talked alone in the Chief of Staff's office. In the course of flirting with him, she raised her jacket in the back and showed him the straps of her thong underwear, which extended above her pants. (Starr Report)

November 20, 1995
Arief and Soraya Wiriadinata contributed $1,000 to the congressional campaign of Jesse Jackson, Jr., at the specific direction of John Huang.

November 21, 1995

White House Coffee -

The Justice Department's second investigation of Mr. Gore began in September 1998 when the White House belatedly disclosed a fund-raising memo by David M. Strauss, a deputy chief of staff to the vice president. Mr. Strauss's notes were taken at a White House meeting on Nov. 21, 1995 and suggested Mr. Gore might not have been truthful in the 1997 inquiry. Mr. Gore had told investigators that he thought his White House telephone calls were only to raise soft-money donations. But the Strauss memorandum indicated that Mr. Gore might have known when he was questioned by Justice Department investigators that money was being split into both unrestricted soft-money accounts and restricted hard-money accounts. According to new documents, the former White House chief of staff, Leon A. Panetta, recalled that the vice president was present and seemed attentive when there was a White House discussion of how money would be split among party accounts. But Mr. Gore said he was sometimes inattentive and missed parts of fund-raising meetings. Additionally, he told the F.B.I., according to notes of a 1998 interview, that "he drank a lot of iced tea during meetings, which could have necessitated a restroom break." Ms. Reno concluded the evidence against Mr. Gore was too slight to support a prosecution. - NEW YORK TIMES 3/11/00 David Johnston Don Van Natta Jr

November 28, 1995

White House Coffee -

December, 1995

Bruce Lindsey arranged Huang, a former Commerce Department official, to transfer to the Democratic committee as its chief fund-raiser soliciting Asian-Americans. Huang took unpaid leave from Commerce on the 4th; on the 19th, he gave $1,000 to the DNC and listed (on his FEC report) his employer as "Lippo Bank- Lippo Group."

Beginning in December, Ernie Green began a highly unusual pattern of banking activity in which he made a number of trips to the bank to deposit large amounts of cash. Green’s banking activity during the next two months raised a number of questions. First, the volume of cash deposits, over $38,000, raised questions regarding the source of the money. The second question raised by Green’s activity is the unusual pattern of deposits. At several points during January and February of 1996, Green went to the bank multiple times in one day to deposit large amounts of cash. For example, on February 9, 1996, Green made four trips to the bank and deposited $8,000 cash. Also, in late February, Green went to the bank seven times in a one week period to deposit $24,400 cash. This pattern suggests that Green may have been attempting to conceal the size of his deposits, and possibly avoid Currency Transaction reporting requirements.

The Senators [Shelby, Kyl, Smith] added [in a 7/98 letter to Sandy Berger]: "Our information is that the Secretary of Energy was made aware of [the improper release during declassification of sensitive data] in December 1995 and again in January 1996. The National Security Council staff was also briefed in January 1996. No remedial action was taken as a result of these meetings. In our opinion, this lack of action may be a very serious infraction of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954." - Gaffney's Web Site 4/99

NSA intercept revealed that a year earlier, December 1994, China completed a $70,000 deal to sell Pakistan 5,000 custom-made "ring magnets" produced by an arm of the Chinese government's China National Nuclear Group.... NSA immediately ... sent a top-secret cable under Adm. McConnell's title to the head of the CIA's Non-Proliferation Center and to senior officials at the Pentagon, White House and State Department, notifying them of China's shipment of ring magnets to Pakistan.... The sale triggered a provision of law on business loans requiring the secretary of state to notify the Export-Import Bank when any nation is caught helping another nation develop nuclear weapons.... Mr. Einhorn called the bank and told officials the intelligence reports meant that, under the 1994 Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act, the bank could be required to hold up all new loan guarantees for projects sought by American businesses in China. But the Commerce Department, headed by Mr. Brown, former Democratic National Committee chairman, soon was leading the charge to block economic sanctions against Beijing and Islamabad. The Clinton administration ignored the violations. - Washington Times Bill Gertz 5/18/99


C.I.A. officials analyzing the documents quickly focused on one that included what appeared to be classified design information about American nuclear weapons, including the W-88. Dated 1988, the document also included a hand drawing of a United States nuclear warhead re-entry vehicle. But initially, the C.I.A. did not tell the Energy Department -- or anyone else in the Government -- that it had obtained the W-88 document, officials say.... by August 1995 Energy Department's analysts had obtained a copy, even though it would not be officially distributed throughout American intelligence agencies until that December. - New York Times 6/27/99 James Risen Jeff Gerth

Cabrera gets picture taken with Vice President Al Gore at fund-raiser.

Cabrera gets picture taken with Hillary Clinton at White House Christmas party.

December 3, 1995
John Huang leaves the Commerce Dept. to join the DNC. (it appears that Huang remained a Commerce employee on leave without pay from December 4, 1995 through January 17, 1996.)

December 6, 1995
E.O. 12981 Administration of Export Controls - re: 12924 The Executive Order allowed Commerce to license some satellite exports if they heard no response from other reviewing agencies after 30 days and set a rigid 90 day limit on license review. A senior nonproliferation official in the Pentagon , said that he had not been informed of several sensitive export - license applications . A senior State Department official said he " could not guarantee" that "a few" applications had not been vetted by all the agencies that should have reviewed them . "

Executive Order: Pentagon officials, and the CIA said it was used as justification by Loral's aerospace executives to transmit sensitive military data to the Chinese government without obtaining a license before making the transfer.

December 7, 1995Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie requested the DNC to arrange a meeting and photo opportunity with the POTUS for himself and guests from Indonesia. -

December 13, 1995

White House Coffee -

Fowler's DNC schedule for the day shows an 11:30 am meeting with Tamraz. Sullivan also attends. -

Fowler reaches CIA Bob and asks him to write a letter about Tamraz, to clear his name with WH staff. -

Fowler calls Sheila Heslin, leaving a message when he does not reach her. She sends an e-mail to Nancy Soderberg, expressing concern about this contact by DNC. -

December 14, 1995
John Huang is granted a top secret consulting clearance, by the Defense Industrial Security Clearance Office (DISCO) in connection with an unsuccessful effort to make Huang a consultant to the Department of Commerce while he worked for the DNC. Due to Huang's existing top secret clearance DISCO did not conduct a separate background investigation of Huang. Huang's DISCO clearance was not taken away until December 1996.

December 15, 1995
Arief Wiriadinata attends a White House coffee with President Clinton. On a videotape Arief is recorded telling President Clinton, "James Riady sent me." The President responds "Yes. . . I'm glad to see you. Thank you for being here."

White House Coffee - Wiriandinata tells Clinton "James Riady sent me." - 17, 1995Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie solicited an individual at a fundraiser in Washington, DC to make a contribution to the Oregon State Democratic party in the amount of $2,000 and subsequently reimbursed that individual in cash. -

December 18, 1995

White House Coffee -

NSC lawyer Alan Kreczko sends Heslin an e-mail saying she can return Fowler's call, but not do anything else without checking with him. Same day, Soderberg's assistant Ken Baldwin tells Heslin that Soderberg will call Fowler back. -

December 19, 1995
Johnny Chung contributes $40,000 to the DNC. Later that same day, Johhny Chung is admitted as a guest at the White House. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

Fowler calls Heslin, says note clearing Tamraz is coming from CIA Bob, and that she won't have any more concerns. Heslin blows up and calls CIA to complain. Also complains to Nancy Soderberg. We have her email to Soderberg, sending a copy of the Fuerth memo against Tamraz. Also have Fowler phone log indicating his calls to both of them. -

December 20, 1995
Johhny Chung and his guests, Shi-Zeng Chen and other members of the Haomen delegation, were admitted to the White House residence for a holiday reception and had their pictures taken with the President and the First Lady.

Chung, Shi-Zeng Chen, and the rest of the Tangshan Haomen Group delegation were admitted to White House residence for a holiday reception. -

December 21, 1995

White House Coffee -

December 28 , 1995

Moscow is strengthening its ties with Peking, the New York Times notes. "In the face of NATO expansion, Russia is looking for allies, and that won't be Japan," comments a senior southeast Asian diplomat. China is one of Russia's four largest arms purchasers. - Russia Reform Monitor, No. 86. January 2, 1996

December 29, 1995

A proposed Russian gas and oil pipeline to China "will require a lot of serious infrastructure and serious Western financing," a "senior source" in Moscow tells Reuters. President Boris Yeltsin plans on signing bilateral feasibility study agreement with the PRC. - Russia Reform Monitor, No. 86. Jan. 4, 1996


Late 1995

The admiral commanding U.S. Naval Forces in the Persian Gulf transmitted a classified report warning that the People's Republic of China had delivered to Iran a considerable number of C-801/802/803 sophisticated anti-shipping missiles. He noted that these missiles posed a significant threat to the surface combatants of the 5th Fleet.

Late 1995 and Early 1996

"…In late 1995 and early 1996, Trulock and his team took their findings to the FBI….This suspect "stuck out like a sore thumb," said one official…. By April 1996, the Energy Department decided to brief the White House. A group of senior officials including Trulock sat down with Sandy Berger, then Clinton's deputy national security adviser, to tell him that China appeared to have acquired the W-88 and that a spy for China might still be at Los Alamos…By June the FBI formally opened a criminal investigation into the theft of the W-88 design. But the inquiry made little progress over the rest of the year…. The bureau maintained tight control over the case…. "New York Times 3/06/99 Jeff Gerth


China detonated at least one neutron bomb above ground with the knowledge and perhaps even the cooperation of the US - David Bresnahan WorldNetDaily 4/12/99