Revised 7/14/00


With many thanks to Ohmlaw98!

Iran-Iraq Arms Nonproliferation Act (IIANA)
Arms Export Control Act (AECA)
Export Administration Act (EAR)
Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act (NPPA)
Director of Central Intelligence (DCI)
China's People's Liberation Army (PLA)
Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
Nonproliferation Treaty (NT)
Export-Import Bank Act (EIBA)




General 1997

General Accounting Office found lax controls over foreign visitors at weapons labs had gotten worse.

1995 & 1997 China: C-802 anti-ship cruise missiles and C-801 air launch cruise missiles , again to Iran. Violation: IIANA - no sanctions. . - Congress

China: Chemical precursors, production equipment, and production technology for Iran's chemical weapons program including a plant for making glass-lined equipment. Violations IIANA, AECA, EAR - no sanctions. . - Congress

China was the subject of ongoing investigation into illegal campaign contributions to DNC and Clinton/Gore - many witnesses left the country, claimed the 5th or had memory lapses.

Stonewalling occurred at most every turn (see the complete list.)

Perkins Coie (PRC legal representative) represented Richard Sullivan (DNC) in Senate Campaign Finance Hearings and another 6 witnesses as well.

Lippo (Riadys) signed a memorandum of agreement for a $1-billion deal to manage and expand a 1,200-megawatt power plant in China. Its partner is America's Energy Corp, parent company of Arkansas Power & Light.

Beijing said it intended to buy some Sovremennyy-class destroyers. The vessels carry supersonic S-N-22 Sunburn cruise missiles. As of June, 1998 China is close to concluding the deal, with delivery expected in about 18 months.

1996-1997 A report by the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs in January 98 noted that "not a single supercomputer export to China of 47 had either a pre-license check or a post shipment verification from January 1996 to March 1997 ."

1996-1998 A team headed by Loral (Hughes in attendance) produced a technical report identifying a problem in the flight-guidance system as the cause of the crash in February 1996 (Long March.) The report also identified other weaknesses in the rocket. The American experts didn't check with the State Department, the report was given to the Chinese. Several months later, they ``turned themselves in'' to the State Department, after which, the Pentagon launched an investigation, and concluded in its report, labeled ``secret,'' that ``United States national security has been harmed.'' Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R., Calif.), Chairman of the House Space and Aeronautics Subcommittee, said that U.S. expertise has ``perfected'' China's Long March rockets, which are identical in design to Chinese strategic nuclear missiles. A Loral employee said "The most interesting aspect of the accident was this: engineers who reviewed the recovered payload debris noticed something special that was missing: encryption hardware."


Panama secretly turned over the American-built port facility at Balboa, which controls shipping on the Pacific side, and at Cristobal, which controls shipping on the Atlantic side, to Hutchison [China] - Adm. Moorer THE NEW AMERICAN Freeper report dated 4/11/99

"Corrupt Indonesian officials may have pocketed or diverted more than 20 percent of World Bank development funds to the world's fourth most populous country, according to an internal World Bank document from 1997. The World Bank, which is investigating separate reports of corruption among its own staff, confirmed the contents of the year-old Indonesian memorandum yesterday Washington Times Adam Entous 8/20/98 Reuters

Suspecting Lee at Los Alamos to be a spy for China, FBI agents in 1997 alerted the White House and went to the Department of Justice's Office of Intelligence Policy Review to request application to a special court for a wiretap under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. But Acting Director Gerald Schroeder and his aide Alan Kornblum decided the evidence was insufficient and refused to apply. The FBI then went over Schroeder's head to the office of Deputy Attorney General Eric Holder, and was turned down again. The FBI never returned with new evidence to Schroeder. Did Freeh appeal to Janet Reno about "overlawyering" in a national security case, or was he too browbeaten to try? The bureau learned that when it comes to China, Reno's Justice Department assigns only its most incompetent operatives and penalizes prosecutors who target Asian financing of the 1996 election. Houston Chronicle 4/29/99 William Safire

The Department of Justice declined an FBI request to seek court approval to gain surreptitious access to Wen Ho Lee's office computer, officials said. Once the request was rejected, officials of the bureau and the Energy Department determined that they needed Lee's approval to examine his office computer. New York Times 4/28/99 James Risen and Jeff Gerth

[LAB SECURITY] The Office of Energy Research was strongly recommending the continuation of the exclusions from the 1988 order (that were installed in 1994) and falsely and dangerous advised "...In addition, there have been no actual problems identified at ER facilities as a result of this modification. As such, there is no need to change what we are currently doing...."April 1997 Tommy D. Chang, NN-10


Site managers helped bury a report by the department's Office of Safeguards and Security, which cited vulnerabilities at several key facilities. Los Alamos and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory outside San Francisco took hits, as did the Rocky Flats site, an idled weapons plant near Denver. The report decried a steep decline in security spending at DOE facilities. It noted that guard forces had dwindled 42% from 1992 through 1996, alarm systems needed replacement, employee background check programs were backlogged and computers were increasingly susceptible to outside penetration. Heavy complaints from site managers spurred DOE officials to commission a follow-up assessment with heavy participation by site managers, who painted a far brighter picture of the agency's security. - USA Today 5/19/99 Peter Eisler

Commerce Report: Clinton administration gave the Chinese "fine images of rural China and Beijing as well as Siberian port cities, Seoul and Kadena Air Force Base on Okinawa." From US Commerce in Beijing: the Chinese obtained satellite images in order to "help demonstrate that Tibet has enough arable land to feed itself.".... Dept. of Commerce documents shows the Chinese "remote Sensing Center" was supplied with "world class remote sensing data acquisition, processing, archive and distribution" equipment - Koenig's International News 5/18/99 Charles Smith

Commerce Report: "The most troubling potential transfer to China is Rockwell's proposed joint venture deal with the Shanghai Broadcast Equipment Factory and the Shanghai Avionics Corporation, the latter of which is a key enterprise of the Aviation Industries of China." "Rockwell Collins Navigation and Communications Equipment Company, Ltd.," states the 1997 report. "Will design, develop, and build Global Positioning System (GPS) navigation receivers systems for the Chinese market." "These components have serious dual-use applications, since the acquisition of reliable GPS data can enhance, to varying degrees, the capacity of militaries to field highly accurate cruise and ballistic missiles, such as those used to intimidate Taiwan during March 1996." ..."More accurate GPS systems would enhance the PLA's ability to carry out attacks against Taiwan's military and industrial facilities," states the report. "Potentially reducing the ability of the Taiwanese military to defend itself against PRC coercive diplomacy." However, the most chilling conclusion was reserved for the effects on U.S. military forces, especially U.S. Naval Forces. "The use of GPS to enhance the accuracy of long-range Chinese cruise missiles, coupled with long-range sensors, would raise serious concerns for the U.S. Seventh Fleet in the Pacific, and possibly circumscribe their ability to provide an effective deterrent in a crisis over Taiwan." ... the Chinese may have obtained the "long-range sensors" from the Clinton administration as well. - Koenig's International News 5/18/99 Charles Smith

Remember the political environment in early 1997. Sen. Fred Thompson (R-Tenn.) had just launched his heralded probe of campaign finances and predicted that he would find a deliberate plot by the Chinese government to influence the American election. What remained obscure was China's motive. The Democrats loudly derided Thompson for his suspicions of a Chinese plot. If Thompson had been aware of major and systematic Chinese spying and theft of our most vital secrets while he was conducting his hearings, there would have been hell to pay. Reno did a great political service to the president and disservice to America in not allowing the FBI to proceed. Between the time of her rejection of the FBI request for access and the actual inspection of Lee's computer last month, reports indicate that upwards of 300 files have been transferred and deleted - New York Post 5/11/99 Dick Morris

In 1988 and again in 1997, GAO reported that foreign visitors were allowed into DOE's nuclear weapons design laboratories with few background checks and inadequate controls over the topics discussed. ….. UPI 7/11/00 Ashley Baker


Early 1997

"…In early 1997, with the FBI's investigation making scant progress and the Energy Department's counterintelligence program in limbo, Trulock and other intelligence officials began to see new evidence that the Chinese had other, ongoing spy operations at the weapons labs…. But Trulock was unable to quickly inform senior U.S. officials about the new evidence. He asked to speak directly with Pena, the energy secretary, but had to wait four months for an appointment…. Pena immediately sent Trulock back to the White House -- and to Berger…."In July 1997 Sandy was briefed fully by the DOE on China's full access to nuclear weapons designs, a much broader pattern" said one White House official. Officials said Berger was told that there was evidence of several other Chinese espionage operations that were still under way inside the weapons labs…. Berger quickly briefed Clinton on what he had learned and kept him updated over the next few months, a White House official said. As Trulock spread the alarm, his warnings were reinforced by CIA Director George Tenet and FBI Director Louis Freeh, who met with Pena to discuss the lax security at the labs that summer…." New York Times 3/06/99 Jeff Gerth


The Secretary of Energy today is providing the final report on the Fundamental Classification Policy Review to the Department of Defense for concurrence. The Department of Defense intent is to respond by March 1, 1997. The final report includes items proposed for declassification and other items referred to the Technical Evaluation Panel for further analysis. The purpose of this review has been to evaluate in a fundamental way the Department's classification policies, including determining which areas of classified information require continued protection for identified reasons of national security and nonproliferation and which areas may be declassified without undue risk and promptly released to the public.

Edward McCallum ...the chief security officer for the Department of Energy-the man charged with safeguarding the nation's nuclear-weapons plants and research facilities-was preparing to issue a scathing report accusing the institutions of not doing enough to protect against spies and terrorist attacks - Newsweek 5/3/99 Mark Hosenball

January 1997

China: Dual use biological items to Iran. Violation: The BWC, IIANA, the AECA, the EAR - no sanctions. . - Congress

Judicial Watch filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court accusing the president of appointing Charlie Yah Lin Trie to the Commission on United States-Pacific Trade and Investment Policy as a quid pro quo for Trie bringing in more than $600,000 for the Clintons' legal defense fund. – Judicial Watch

January 1, 1997

* Moscow confirms it is now in violation of another key component of the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) treaty. Gen. Dmitri Kharchenko tells Interfax that Russia failed to meet the December 31 deadline to destroy tanks, armor, and other weapons based east of the Ural mountains. Kharchenko says more money is needed to comply. Russia is also violating the CFE's provisions against massing troops and heavy weapons near Norway, Finland, the Baltic states, and Turkey.Russia Reform Monitor, No. 86. Jan. 4, 1996

January 2, 1997

* Iran's pending purchase of 12 Tupolev-154 airliners and a deal to build a Russian-designed plant to manufacture Ilyushin-114 aircraft domestically will increase Teheran's debt to Moscow from $500 million to $1.2 billion, the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) reports. This figure does not count the $800 million nuclear reactor deal. Russia Reform Monitor, No. 86. Jan. 4, 1996

January 3, 1997

* START II faces a Senate challenge. Senators James M. Inhofe (R-Oklahoma) and Robert Smith (R-New Hampshire) inform Majority Leader Robert Dole that they will "object to any unanimous consent agreement that would call up START II for final Senate action" if the treaty or the Clinton administration prevent the U.S. from deploying a ballistic missile defense system.


January 7, 1997
President Bill Clinton asked former Watergate prosecutor Charles Ruff to become his next White House counsel, succeeding Jack Quinn, who announced his resignation last month. Ruff, who was the corporation counsel for the District of Columbia, will become the fifth White House counsel. Before Quinn, Bernard Nussbaum, Lloyd Cutler and Abner Mikva served in the troubled office.

January 9, 1997
In an interview with CNN, Suma Ching Hai, leader of a worldwide religious sect, talked at length for the first time about why she and her followers raised hundreds of thousands of dollars to help pay Clinton's massive legal bills. Ching Hai said that Charlie Trie came to see her and discussed money and offered to set up a meeting with the president. "So he thinks I should meet Mr. Clinton," Ching Hai recalled. Trie later delivered nearly $640,000 in manila envelopes to the Clinton legal trust, money the trust eventually rejected because of suspicious-looking checks and too many questions.

O'Neil releases to internal investigators the hard drives and two of the six data storage cards. [re Deutch] UPI 2/23/00

January 13, 1997

CIA computer experts begin recovering lost documents from cards and hard drives. [re Deutch] UPI 2/23/00

January 14, 1997

Al Gore admits in a television interview that he knew the fund-raiser at the Buddhist monastery was a "finance-related event."

Administration sources announce that President Bill Clinton has decided to recommend Colorado Gov. Roy Romer as the new general chair of the Democratic National Committee, replacing Sen. Chris Dodd (D-Conn.)

Secretary of State Warren Christopher leaves office and is replaced by Madeline Albright.

January 15, 1997
Congressional sources obtain newly-released Commerce Department documents which indicate that former DNC fund-raiser John Huang was considered an expert on Asian affairs when he worked at the Commerce Department and had a voice in U.S.-Asia commercial policy, despite Clinton Administration assertions that his duties were largely administrative.

January 16, 1997

The Boston Globe reported a possible connection between an Asian fund-raiser and a presidential flip-flop on immigration. In 1995 President Bill Clinton strongly endorsed a package of reforms that included ending the preference that allowed brothers and sisters of naturalized U.S. citizens to enter the U.S. automatically. In February of 1996, former Democratic National Committee fund-raiser John Huang staged a $1.1 million fund-raiser at the Hay-Adams Hotel, a block from the White House. In preparation, he wrote a memo to the president that said the top Asia-Pacific American priority was to keep the sibling preference in place. A month later the president withdrew his support for the package that included ending sibling preference, astonishing some observers.

In another revelation related to John Huang's activities, a Commerce Department spokesman requesting anonymity said that Charles Meissner, then assistant secretary for international economic policy at Commerce, had requested that Huang stay on as a consultant to the department even after he assumed a fund-raising position with the Democratic National Committee. That request, which was overruled, would have allowed Huang to keep his security clearance.

The Washington Post reported that the Clinton Administration did not conduct background checks on many invitees to DNC fund-raising coffees at the White House, asking only for birthdates and Social Security numbers.

January 20, 1997
Al Gore admits it was a mistake to attend the fund-raiser at the California Buddhist monastery.

January 22, 1997

Experts find that the two hard drives contain classified material and that "cookies" - contact data from Internet sites viewed by Deutch - were accessed by the operators of the Web sites after the classified material was placed on the drives. More than 40 complete documents - classified or top secret - are recovered by the experts. Jan. 30 - O'Neil talks to FBI's general counsel, who declines to investigate. UPI 2/23/00

January 23, 1997
The New York Times reported that Maria Haley, a longtime associate of Bill Clinton who works at the Export-Import Bank, lobbied for a $6.5 million financing deal on behalf of Thai businesswoman Pauline Kanchanalak, whose family last year donated more than $200,000 to the DNC. The deal, intended to finance a Bangkok video store franchise, ultimately didn't go through, and most of the $200,000 in contributions was returned because its origins were unclear. John Huang, a longtime associate of Haley, raised part of the $200,000.

On Jan. 23, answering a written question from Senator Bob Bennett, the Utah Republican, Secretary Albright said the U.S. had received "reporting" about "transfers" from China to Iran of material that could be used in biological warfare. No sanctions were planned, she said. But she did offer the Senator a "classified" briefing. That's nice -- unless you think the American public should know, since the Chinese and Iranian dictatorships already do. On My Mind, New York Times, A. M. ROSENTHAL, 01/28/97


January 24, 1997

The White House releases documents showing that both Bill Clinton and Al Gore were at the very heart of a massive fund-raising scheme which raked in nearly $100 million in soft money donations. Documents show that at least 100 coffees arranged by the DNC were held at the White House, some of which were attended by Clinton and Gore. Of particular interest is one held last May with more than a dozen executives of the nation's biggest banks, and attended by the president, Secretary of the Treasury Robert Rubin, and Comptroller of the Currency Eugene Ludwig, the nation's top financial regulator. Former DNC chairman Don Fowler acknowledges Feb. 10 that the DNC routinely solicited attendees of White House coffees for funds, and that they collectively donated $27 million.

Documents released indicated that White House Director of Public Liaison Alexis Herman was at the center of foreign trade missions organized by the late Commerce Secretary Ron Brown which were linked to Democrat fund-raising operations.

Al Gore changes his story for the fifth time about the fund-raiser at the California Buddhist monastery saying, "I did not know that it was a fund-raiser."

January 27, 1997
(Washington, D.C.) -- Congressman Dan Burton, Chairman of the House Committee on Government Reform & Oversight, called upon the President to assign a new attorney to the task of gathering White House documents requested by Congress in the John Huang case, citing potential conflicts of interest of Deputy White House Counsel Bruce Lindsey. In an exchange of letters with the White House, Burton questioned Lindsey's role in collecting documents requested by the committee because Lindsey was a participant in several key meetings of interest to investigators, and has been accused of making misstatements to the public about important events. Outgoing White House counsel Jack Quinn responded by asserting that, in his opinion, Lindsey did not have a conflict and would not be removed from the document-production process.

Republican Asks For Spy Investigation Of John Huang And Lippo

The Systematics - Lippo Connection revealed

Security at Rocky Flats was so bad, McCallum warned President Clinton in a January 27, 1997 report, that terrorists could easily penetrate the facility and steal weapons-grade plutonium, or construct and detonate a nuclear bomb on the site without DOE security teams being able to prevent it. Budget reductions and other "disturbing trends" had turned DOE security into a " hollow force that goes below the bottom line and makes it more difficult to fulfill National Security mandates," McCallum wrote - The American Spectator 6/99 Kenneth R. Timmerman

January 30, 1997
Arousing speculation that payments to Webster Hubbell from Clinton allies were being investigated, Starr issued subpoenas to the White House for documents on 14 people and six companies with connections to the wealthy Riady family, which controls the Indonesia-based Lippo Group.

February 1997
Long Island's Newsday reported that California's Silicon Graphics was under investigation for selling to Russia a high-powered supercomputer that was twice as powerful as anything that was legal for an American firm to ship overseas. The unit ended up in the Chelyabinsk-70 nuclear weapons laboratory. SGI delivered the computer without even getting the required license. According to the report, the Russians had been very anxious to acquire the high tech equipment. And they made no bones about how they intended to use it. In a Sept. '96 letter to then Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary, Russia's Nuclear Energy Minister Viktor Mikhaylov explained that he wanted the high performance computer to "guarantee the reliability of....Russia's nuclear stockpile."

Lt. General Kui Fulin, Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Chinese People's Liberation Army PLA visited the United States. – Chinese Embassy


A naval-intelligence report released in February warned of Beijing's emphasis on obtaining a sophisticated blue-water navy technology to achieve four objectives: First, safeguard what the PRC calls China's territorial integrity and national unity - this includes China's claim over Taiwan; second, conduct a possible blockade of Taiwan; third, defeat seaborne invasions; and fourth, create intercontinental nuclear retaliatory forces. Meanwhile, two Red Chinese fleets patrol the area - one within 20 nautical miles of the coast targeting the first tier of islands, and another patrolling the outer reaches of the East China Sea in the area of the Taiwan Strait, the February report says. Insight Magazine Vol. 13, No. 17 5/12/97 By Timothy W. Maier


DOE dispatched a new security director to Rocky Flats, a former Air Force weapons officer and trained engineer, David Ridenour. After just three months at the job, Ridenour resigned "in disgust," sending a scathing letter to then-Energy Secretary Federico Pe. In it he complained of no government oversight--a criticism reinforced by the April 1999 GAO report--and said he had been told not to let security concerns interfere with the contractor's schedule or profits. "In my professional life as a military officer, as a registered engineer and as a technologist with the contractor operating the Department of Energy's Fernald, Ohio site, I never before experienced a major conflict between loyalty to my supervision and duty to my country and to the public," Ridenour wrote. "I feel that conflict today." - The American Spectator 6/99 Kenneth R. Timmerman

Stimulated by press reports of "the Asian connection" to the Clinton-Gore campaign, the Bureau teletyped all field offices for reports on foreign attempts to influence U.S. political campaigns. On Washington's Birthday the F.B.I.'s counterintelligence chief, John Lewis, delivered a packet of those top-secret reports to Janet Reno. "The Attorney General gave the packet of teletypes to then Deputy Attorney General Jamie Gorelick," reports Michael Bromwich, the in-house Inspector General. At the same time, White House Counsel Charles Ruff made two calls to Justice seeking to find out what embarrassment was in store. Never told by Ms. Reno of F.B.I. restrictions on the documents, Ms. Gorelick bucked them to the Office of Intelligence Policy and Review. They then blithely passed them on to Laura Ingersoll's Justice "task force," selected for its ineptitude. Nothing doing, said the F.B.I., which "retrieved the packet shortly after the Task Force received it," according to Bromwich. When I asked the F.B.I. Director, Louis Freeh, yesterday if he had been aware of the confrontation -- an unprecedented dispatch of agents to snatch back evidence from Main Justice -- he replied, "I knew about it and certainly approved of it." - New York Times 7/16/99 William Safire


February 1, 1997
The White House conceded it was inappropriate for a New Jersey stock promoter convicted of fraud to be invited to sip coffee with the president. Eric Wynn bilked millions from investors and had already served two years in prison when he sat down for coffee at the White House with President Clinton and seven other guests in September 1995. He served his time after a 1989 guilty plea on theft and tax charges. Moreover, his fraud scheme may have benefited an alleged Mafia associate. Citing court records, the Post said the New Jersey promoter ran a stock-manipulation scheme and had set up an account for a member of the Bonanno organized-crime family. . An associate of Wynn's, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Wynn is trying to win a pardon for his July 21, 1995, stock manipulation conviction. "Eric will do anything to stay out of jail," the source told the Post.

February 3, 1997

In the expanding probe of questionable Democratic campaign fund-raising, Justice Department lawyers and a federal grand jury requested records on more than 40 people and corporations. USA Today, citing an internal Democratic National Committee memorandum, said investigators have subpoenaed contribution records and records relating to former Democratic fund-raiser John Huang. Among the subjects of the inquiries, USA Today reported, are lobbyist Paul Berry of Little Rock, Ark., and Global USA, Inc., a Washington lobbying firm with Japanese and South Korean business firms as clients. Berry, who sometimes plays golf with President Bill Clinton, is a consultant to Global USA and once was a vice president at the firm. A Global vice president, Lottie Shackleford, serves as a vice chair of the Democratic National Committee. Berry also has ties to the Lippo Group.

Washington Post discovers Lippo Bribe - One Year Late

The Democratic Party Under Scrutiny For Foreign Infiltration

Former Deputy Chief of Staff Harold Ickes comes under fire after CNN obtains a memo showing Ickes advised a major DNC contributor, Warren Meddoff, on how he might best distribute more than $1 million in contributions, and how he might receive beneficial tax treatment. Ickes later says he shouldn't have used a government fax machine and telephone, but that he didn't violate any laws.

O'Neil releases four remaining data storage cards to CIA computer security experts. [re Deutch] UPI 2/23/00

February 4, 1997

* The Washington Times disclosed that a report published recently in the classified Military Intelligence Digest confirms that "Russia is producing a new generation of deadly chemical weapons using materials, methods and technology that circumvent the terms of [that] treaty it signed outlawing such weapons."


* "Under a program code-named 'Foliant,' a Russian scientific research organization has created a highly lethal nerve agent called A-232, large quantities of which could be made 'within weeks' through covert production facilities...."

* "A-232 is made from industrial and agricultural chemicals that are not lethal until mixed and that never had been used for poison gas."

* "'These new agents are as toxic as VX [a persistent nerve agent], as resistant to treatment as Soman [a non-persistent but deadly poison gas] and more difficult to detect and easier to manufacture than VX.'"

* "The report says A-232 and its delivery means have 'passed Moscow's rigorous military acceptance testing and can be quickly fielded in unitary or binary form.'"

* "Russia's State Scientific Research Institute of Organic Chemistry and Technology created the agents and novel ways of making them to avoid detection by international inspectors. 'By using chemicals not specified in the CWC schedules, the Russians can produce A-232 and its ethyl analog A-234, in unitary and binary forms within several chemical complexes.'"

* "The Russians can make the binary, or two part, version of the nerve agent using a common industrial solvent acetonitrile and an organic phosphate compound 'that can be disguised as a pesticide precursor.' In another version, soldiers need only add alcohol to form the agent, the report says."

* "'These various routes offer flexibility for the agent to be produced in different types of facilities, depending on the raw material and equipment available there. They also add complexity to the already formidable challenge of detecting covert production activities.'"

* "The Russians can produce the new nerve agent in 'pilot plant' quantities of 55 to 110 tons annually,' the report says. Several Russian plants are capable of producing the chemicals used in making A-232. One factory in Novocherboksarsk 'is capable of manufacturing 2,000-2,500 metric tons of A-232 yearly.'"

* "Several pesticide plants 'offer easy potential for covert production,' the report says. 'For example, substituting amines for ammonia and making other slight modifications in the process would result in new agents instead of pesticide. The similarity in the chemistry of these compounds would make treaty monitoring, inspection and verification difficult.'"

Russia's Covert Chemical Weapons Program Vindicates Jesse Helms' Continuing Opposition to Phony C.W. Arms Control (No. 97-D 19, 4 February 1997).

February 5, 1997
The White House conceded that President Clinton had stamped "The President Has Seen" on a memo listing attendees at a White House coffee that included the comptroller of the currency, DNC national chairman Don Fowler and finance chairman Marvin Rosen

February 6, 1997
(Washington, D.C.) -- Representative Dan Burton, Chairman of the House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, announced that he was issuing subpoenas to the White House and the Justice Department, as well as a document request to the FBI, regarding the Justice Department's investigation of the Chinese Embassy's alleged involvement in campaign fundraising in the last election and White House requests for information on that investigation. He also issued subpoenas to the White House and the Democratic National Committee (DNC) for other records relevant to the Committee's investigation. Some of the requests, such as records relating to John Huang, were requested as early as October 1996 under the previous Committee Chairman. It has been reported in the press that the Justice Department has obtained electronic intercepts that point to possible involvement by the Chinese Embassy in political fundraising during the last election. It is also a matter of public record that the White House requested and received information related to the Embassy intercepts.

February 7, 1997

* The IMF released money to Russia. On the same day, the Finance Ministry announced that it had come up with cash to pay the Russian State Center for Nuclear Shipbuilding, averting a strike. Construction of the Yuri Dolgoruki continued. Once in service, the main targets of the submarine's nuclear missile complement will be American cities. (In the same port, the new Severodvinsk-class of attack submarines has also begun production. Its advanced features are forcing the U.S. Navy to revise its defensive strategy.)

February 10, 1997
The Boston Globe reports that in an interview, former DNC Chairman Don Fowler confessed that the DNC routinely solicited campaign donations from people after they attended White House coffees with Clinton saying, "We never tried to mask that these coffees were sponsored in one way or another by the Democratic Party[. ...] These coffees were just part of a larger program." White House spokesman Mike McCurry confirms the Boston Globe report saying, "The president would wonder why he was doing all those coffees if they hadn't had some follow-up." McCurry said Clinton expected the committee to call people "who might contribute" after the meetings.

February 12, 1997

Convicted Whitewater figure Webster Hubbell walked out of a federal halfway house a free man, saying he had nothing new to tell investigators.

From his jail cell in Texarkana, Texas, David Hale told The Associated Press he had only told investigators "a small, small part" of the whole Whitewater saga, and that "a lot more information will come out by the time this investigation is all over."

(Washington, D.C.) -- Representative Dan Burton (R-IN announced that key witnesses in the Committee's investigation into the White House/DNC fundraising controversy have declined to respond to Committee document requests and that subpoenas would be issued to former Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell, former Commerce Department official and Democratic National Committee fundraiser John Huang, former senior White House aide Mark Middleton, and Presidential appointee and former member of the DNC Finance Board of Directors Charlie Trie.

February 13, 1997

The Washington Post reports the Justice Department investigation into illegal Democrat fund- raising activities uncovered evidence that representatives of Communist China sought to direct contributions from foreign sources to the DNC before the 1996 presidential campaign..

Clinton called for a "vigorous" and "thorough" investigation into reports that representatives of the People's Republic of China tried to direct financial contributions from foreign sources to the DNC. Rep. Gerald Solomon tells reporters, "The potential finding is that our foreign policy has been sold for a price, national security has been sold for a price."

February 14, 1997
A top Democratic Party lawyer filed papers to incorporate James Carville's fund-raising group to attack Whitewater independent counsel Kenneth W. Starr. "We're at about Defcon [defense condition] 2 preparing for battle here," Mr. Carville said in an interview Thursday. The political adviser to President Clinton said he was "gearing up" because he believes Mr. Starr is "starting to take his missiles out of the silos." Robert F. Bauer, longtime lawyer for the Democratic congressional and senatorial campaign committees, filed incorporation documents on Thursday for Mr. Carville's Education and Information Project Inc., according to D.C. government records. Mr. Bauer also served as counsel for Rep. Richard A. Gephardt when the Missouri Democrat, currently the House minority leader, was majority leader. Two of Mr. Bauer's partners at Perkins Coie law firm, including another lawyer for Mr. Gephardt, also are incorporators, and a third partner is listed as the group's registered agent. Mr. Carville's name is not listed on any documents filed for the nonprofit corporation, but three of the political consultant's employees -- a former Democratic National Committee research aide and two other former Democratic operatives -- are listed as directors. They have named Mr. Carville as the group's president.

Investigators issue memo concluding that there is "no clear evidence" that classified information on Deutch's unclassified computers was compromised. UPI 2/23/00

February 15, 1997
The Washington Post reports the White House released records showed that Al Gore's office knew the illegal, John Huang-organized Buddhist monastery function was a fund-raiser and was warned to proceed with "great, great caution" by the National Security Council.

February 16, 1997
The Washington Post reported that six months after Hillary Rodham Clinton visited Guam in September 1995, residents of the commonwealth donated nearly $900,000 to the DNC. The White House denied that a subsequent change in Guam's immigration policy was connected in any way.

February 20, 1997
A leader of an Asian-American business group in suburban Washington, D.C., said fund-raiser John Huang asked him to funnel more than $250,000 to the Democratic National Committee by pretending the money was contributions from the group's members, according to a report in the Washington Post. Rawlein Soberano, claims Huang offered to pay the Asian American Business Roundtable $45,000 as a fee for the deal, but Soberano refused. The business association has 700 small business members. "I said no. I knew when you do this kind of thing, it's no different from laundering money from the drug lords," Soberano told the Post.

February 21, 1997

(Washington, D.C.) -- Chairman Dan Burton announced that he was preparing to seek contempt of Congress charges against John Huang and Webster Hubbell if they do not comply with Congressional subpoenas to turn over records related to their role in the White House/DNC fundraising scandal. "We're moving forward to compel a full and complete response to the Committee's subpoenas for documents from Mr. Huang and Mr. Hubbell. We are pursuing all legal channels in our attempt to obtain these subpoenaed records," Chairman Burton said. Earlier in the week, Huang and Hubbell both responded to the Committee's subpoenas with letters from their attorneys claiming a Fifth Amendment right not to turn over documents in their possession. Hubbell refused to turn over any documents. Huang turned over a limited number of documents and withheld others.

The newly installed DNC head, Colorado Gov. Roy Romer, conceded that following an audit, the DNC would return another $1 million in questionable contributions.

Articles: HUBBELL AND HUANG TAKE THE FIFTH, TRIE DEFECTS Fundraising scandal moves into another phase Lippogate Reaches Into The Justice Department Probe has been compromised from the outset From Whitewater to Chinagate The latest fortune cookie suggests a re-orientation of American foreign policy may have lucrative prospects for the DNC. But Bill Clinton should be wary of insincere friendships, this being the year of the rat.

February 22, 1997

Deutch testifies on Capitol Hill that he is "particularly concerned about the growing ease of penetration of our interlocked computer and telecommunications systems, and the intelligence community must be in the future alert to these needs." UPI 2/23/00

February 25, 1997
The White House releases documents indicating that Clinton personally approved aggressive use of the White House for fund-raising and initiated over-night stays for $50,000 and $100,000 contributors. Representative Dan Burton (R-IN released the following statement regarding documents released by the President regarding political events at the White House: "It is now abundantly clear that President Clinton decided to exploit the White House for campaign fundraising. The President's own handwritten notes confirm that the highly questionable overnight stays in the Lincoln Bedroom occurred at his direction. At a minimum, this is a highly unethical use of government property for political purposes." "It is evident from the President's handwritten notes that he wanted other names of contributors for $100,000 or more that were not listed in the memo. Therefore it is clear that the President was willing to sell access to places like the Lincoln Representative Dan Burton (R-IN announced that a key witness in the Committee's investigation into the White House/DNC fundraising controversy, former White House aide Mark Middleton, has made an assertion of Fifth Amendment privilege in response to a Committee subpoena for documents. Through his lawyer, Mr. Middleton informed Chairman Burton that he "asserts his Fifth Amendment privilege against self incrimination with respect to the subpoena."

February 28, 1997

DNC General Chairman Governor Roy Romer announces the DNC will return an additional $1.5 million in illegal, questionable or improper campaign donations owed to felons, individuals under indictment and companies with criminal backgrounds.

The House Gov. Reform & Oversight Committee's ranking minority member, Congressman Henry Waxman, wrote in a New York Times op-ed , "Attorney General Janet Reno should appoint an independent counsel to investigate the serious but unproven allegations against the Clinton campaign, including its acceptance of inappropriate donations."

March, 1997

Air Force, National Air Intelligence Center, Found that national security had been damaged by disclosures contained in the report about the 1996 Chinese missile crash.

Wall Street Journal revealed that Bank of China wired in increments of $50,000 and $100,000 to Trie who then donated to DNC and Clinton's Legal Defense Fund.

A Flotilla consisting of two warships and one supply ship of the PLA Navy made a port call visit to San Diego U.S. Naval Base. This is the first time for the PLA Navy ships to visit a port on the American continent.

Chung gives access to his Hong Kong bank account to federal investigators to assist their efforts to trace the $300,000 to its origins.


Adm. Joseph W. Prueher, chief of the U.S. Pacific Command, testified before a House National Security Committee in March that China is not yet a threat because its military is about 15 years behind that of the United States. In light of the blow that the U.S. military might have delivered even 15 years ago, say defense experts, that hardly is comforting. And, Waldron says, this can be a dangerous presumption because history indicates it didn't stop Japan in 1941 or Saddam Hussein during the Persian Gulf War. In 1994, a war game at the Naval War College conceptualized a sea battle between the U.S. Navy and the PLA navy off of China's shores in the year 2010. The battle hypothesized that China continued to acquire military technology at a rapid pace. The game, which Pentagon officials have refused to talk about, ended with a PLA victory, according to reports in Navy Times. Insight Magazine Vol. 13, No. 17 5/12/97 By Timothy W. Maier

DOE - The annual reports [Annual Report to the President on the Status of Safeguards and Security] for 1994 and 1995 did not go out until March 1997 - USA Today 5/19/99 Peter Eisler

Anthony Lake withdrew his name from nomination to Director of CIA, Tenet appointed by Clinton – Freeper Thanatos 2/1/00

March 1, 1997

Communist China takeover of Panamanian ports by Panama Ports Company, who are 10 percent owned by China Resources Enterprise (CRE), which is the commercial arm of China's "Ministry of Trade and Economic Co-operation." . Sen. Fred Thompson's summary of hearings into 1996 campaign finance abuses stated: "Lippo group, run by the Riady family which employed (John) Huang, had over the past few years become a major business partner with China Resources, a trading company wholly owned by the Government of the peoples republic of China, and which has reportedly served as an intelligence-collection front for China." U.S. Rep. Bob Barr, R-GA, visited Panama on a recent fact-finding trip in early February 1998. Barr told WorldNetDaily "controlling ports at both ends of the canal will give the Communist Chinese the ability to shut the canal on and off at will. It also raises the possibility that ships could be trapped in the canal for extended periods by closed ports at one end or the other, This situation will dramatically raise the potential for U.S.-Chinese confrontations."

It is reported that the White House discovered in 1995 that its former chief of administration had given inaccurate testimony to Congress but failed to correct the matter with House members until last week. Then-director of White House administration Patsy Thomasson told a House Appropriations subcommittee hearing in March 1994 she was unaware of any volunteers working at the White House who were being paid by outside entities. Last month, the White House disclosed that a handful of volunteers who worked at the White House during President Clinton's first term actually had been compensated by the Democratic National Committee.

March 2, 1997

Former White House senior adviser George Stephanopoulos says on national television the DNC had set up and paid for "special phones," "special faxes," and "special computers," "for political work, for the fund-raiser work" in government buildings.

The Washington Post's article, part of a four-part series examining the controversies over the DNC's fund-raising in the last presidential campaign, quoted some anonymous donors saying they felt pressured to donate by Gore's call. "There were elements of a shakedown in the call," one businessman, who refused to be identified, told the Post. Another, who also refused to allow his name to be used, said Gore's call was "revolting." The Washington Post reported that Gore's activities raised about $40 million for the Democratic National Committee and the 1996 re-election effort, earning him the nick-name "Solicitor-in- Chief."

March 3, 1997
Al Gore admits to soliciting money for the DNC in the White House using a DNC credit card and claims he did nothing illegal. Gore repeats seven times that, "there is no controlling legal authority" covering his actions. To make it easier for Gore to raise campaign money, the Democratic Party installed special telephone lines in government buildings. Former aide George Stephanopoulos, "of course the vice president was raising money." "You set up special phones, political phones, paid for by the DNC."

Gore says ''no controlling legal authority'' prohibited him from making fund-raising phone calls from the White House. - AP Online 3/26/00

March 4, 1997
White House officials claim that Gore misspoke when he said he used a DNC credit card, when in fact it was a Clinton-Gore campaign committee card.

March 5, 1997
It was reported that Vice President Al Gore gave out bad information when he said he used a Democratic National Committee credit card to make fund-raising telephone calls from his White House office. It turns out that he used a Clinton-Gore campaign credit card. Since Gore was raising money for the party, the party will now have to reimburse the campaign. Another added legal wrinkle: the campaign received matching public funds that are not supposed to be used for party fund-raising.

March 6, 1997

The Washington Post and Washington Times report that Hillary Clinton's top aid, Margaret Williams, accepted a $50,000 political donation from Johnny Chung at the White House in March 1995.

At a press conference, Clinton could not "rule out" that he made fund-raising calls from the White House. Explaining that he cannot recall every one of the thousands of calls he has made, Clinton said, "I simply can't say that I've never done it."

March 7, 1997
White House Press Secretary Mike McCurry confirmed there was a "routine inner campaign, DNC, White House mail system" in operation at the White House but said he had no information that it was used for collecting any political contributions. The Washington Times quotes DNC General Chairman Roy Romer as saying the White House maintained a special "bin" in which checks for the DNC, including one accepted by Maggie Williams, were deposited. McCurry said the White House is trying to gather information on how many political contributors may have flown on Air Force One. He says so far they do not have details on "who and when." He says he "knows it happened on occasion" -- but claims it was "always at the expense of the people who were flying." There also were occasions, he says, when contributors were included in delegations.

"….Four employees of the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico were fired and 10 others disciplined for allegedly surfing the Internet for pornography, online shopping and other personal sites, a lab spokesman said Friday. …. A similar crackdown at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, had found visits to pornographic sites by as many as 100 workers, and a computer technician at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California was prosecuted for saving and distributing more than 90,000 pornographic images on a lab computer, lab officials said…." Reuters 3/7/97


March 9, 1997
The FBI last year warned six members of Congress that they had been targeted by China to receive illegal campaign contributions funneled through international corporations, The Washington Post reported. Citing unidentified U.S. officials, the newspaper said the six lawmakers, including Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), were alerted in individual classified briefings based on what the officials called "specific and credible" intelligence information. (Two days prior to the release of this report, March 7, Feinstein returned $12,000 in campaign contributions from individuals connected to the Lippo Group, an Indonesian banking and real estate conglomerate with Beijing ties involved in questionable contributions to the Democratic Party.) Of the six U.S. lawmakers who emerged as major targets, four were from California, where the business community began courting the Chinese soon after Richard Nixon renewed ties in 1972. Democratic Senators Dianne Feinstein and Barbara Boxer are longtime supporters of China's MFN status. (Feinstein's husband has extensive business interests there.) Representative Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat, is a leading opponent. Representative Tom Campbell, a Republican, sits on the House International Relations Committee. Another target was New York Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan, a Democrat critical of China's occupation of Tibet. (The sixth has still not been identified.)

March 10, 1997

The FBI flatly contradicted an earlier statement by the White House with the following statement: "On June 3, 1996, senior officials from the FBI's National Security Division briefed two senior staff members of the National Security Council (NSC), one of whom was an FBI Agent detailed to the NSC, about the possible covert activities of a foreign government in the United States. The purpose of the briefing was to inform the NSC of the information the FBI received. "The FBI placed no restrictions whatsoever on the dissemination up the chain-of-command at the NSC on any information provided to the NSC senior staff by the FBI during the June 3, 1996 briefing."

It was reported by two newspapers that Two impoverished Oklahoma Indian tribes donated more than $100,000 to the Democratic Party in 1996 in hopes of getting the Clinton Administration to return land seized long ago. But nothing happened, and tribal officials have said that Democratic fund-raisers were trying to get more money from them. They say Mitchell Berger, a fundraiser for Gore, told them that they "were players in 1996," but that the tribes were "not responding in '97." They also charge that Nathan Landow, another fund-raiser for Gore, told them that if they did not sign a contract with him to represent them in Washington, and give him royalties on businesses they put on the land, he would make sure their proposal went nowhere.

CNN reported that President Clinton was aware that two political supporters had hired his close friend, former Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell, after Hubbell was forced to resign from the Justice Department amid a criminal investigation, the White House said. The two Texas businessmen -- Truman Arnold, a former finance chairman of the Democratic National Committee, and Bernard Rapoport, a close political ally of the president's since the 1972 George McGovern presidential campaign -- separately retained Hubbell. A search of White House records showed that Rapoport was an overnight White House guest in April 1994. This was around the time he paid $18,000 to Hubbell for a six-month association with Rapoport's Waco, Texas, insurance company, according to The Associated Press. Hubbell also had been hired by the Riady family's Lippo Group in Indonesia until that was reported in the news media. That was after Hubbell was convicted of defrauding his Little Rock law firm.

The United States Senate voted unanimously, 99-0, to authorize an investigation into improper or illegal campaign activities involving the '96 federal election cycles.

Documents released indicate that the aide who created a taxpayer-funded computer database inside the White House saw it as a tool to reward the president's financial supporters. But the White House says the database was only used for official purposes. "The president has requested that an immediate effort be made to reach out to his friends and early supporters," aide Marsha Scott wrote in a Nov. 1, 1994 memo to Erskine Bowles and Harold Ickes, the two White House deputy chiefs of staff at the time."This is the president's idea and it is a good one," she wrote. "We have already seen results. People are thrilled to be contacted and are already energized ... As these supporters are identified and located, the president has asked that they be included in White House social functions as well as policy briefings." The documents were made available to the House Subcommittee on National Economic Growth, Natural Resources and Regulatory Affairs, chaired by Rep. David McIntosh (R-Ind.) Scott's memo had been previously provided to the committee, but with portions censored. McIntosh labeled the memo's original deletions an "effort to cover up" the database's purpose, and said the newly released portions were the "clearest evidence we have" of what that purpose was.

March 11, 1997

ICF Kaiser International, the company that employed the lobbyist that recommended the charity for Johnny Chung's illegal $25,000 contribution to forrmer secretary of energy Hazel O'Leary, announced Monday the O'Leary had been elected to its board. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

In a statement by James O. Edwards, chief executive of Kaiser he notes: "We particularly look forward to her help and counsel with large projects internationally, in locations as diverse as Russia, China, India, Africa and Latin America," Jim Edwards played host to O'Leary as an "honored guest" during a 1995 Democratic fund raiser at his suburban Washington home while she was still Secretary of Energy. Just a few months earlier, the department had awarded ICF Kaiser--in a joint venture with another company--a $3.5 billion nuclear-cleanup contract.

March 12, 1997

During Senate confirmation hearings for CIA director-designate Anthony Lake, Senators wanted to know why Lake didn't know more about the briefing that FBI agents gave National Security Council staff regarding possible attempts by China to give money to congressional campaigns. "Wouldn't that have been something that the president (and) you should have known? ... Where was the failure?" Sen. Richard Shelby (R-Ala.) the committee chairman, asked Lake. Lake replied that he thought that NSC staff had kept the information from him and President Bill Clinton to avoid the appearance of getting in the middle of an FBI political investigation. White House spokesman Mike McCurry said Clinton thought Lake was off to a "very good start" and expected to see him confirmed.

California businessman Johnny Chung, one of the key figures in the Democratic fund-raising controversy, remains an ardent admirer of Bill Clinton, but is "troubled" by how the Democratic National Committee (DNC) has handled the fund-raising flap. In a live interview with CNN's Wolf Blitzer, Chung's attorney, Brian Sun, said Chung believes there was a rush to judgment by the DNC, which has returned $366,000 that Chung gave the party because officials were not sure of the money's true source. But Sun insisted that they were proper contributions. Asked if any of the money came from the government of China, Sun said, "Absolutely not." "So the suggestion or notion that has been made in the press and from other quarters perhaps that Mr. Chung is a conduit for foreign money is absolutely untrue," Sun said. "In many respects, Mr. Chung wonders today why it's such a big deal now,"

The Democratic National Committee offered to return $107,000 in contributions from the Cheyenne-Arapaho Indian tribe of Oklahoma, following news reports that the impoverished tribe dipped into a welfare fund for the donation in hopes of influencing Clinton Administration policy.

March 13, 1997

The Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) inspector general opens an internal investigation into "extremely serious" allegations of improper contacts between the DNC and the CIA on behalf of DNC donor and international fugitive Roger Tamraz. Administration officials believe Mr. Fowler arranged for a CIA report on Tamraz to be sent to the NSC to try to overturn a recommendation that Tamraz not attend high-level White House meetings.

Press Secretary Mike McCurry announced that no more coffees for supporters will be held at the White House.

March 14, 1997

Clinton Administration granted Wang Jun’s Poly Technologies importation permits to flood America with over 100,000 semi-automatic weapons and millions of rounds of ammunition.

March 15, 1997

White House special counsel Lanny Davis admits the Clinton White House held at least 58 receptions, meals and other events, in addition to the 103 coffees, for Democrat Party donors and political supporters over the past four years, than had been previously disclosed by the White House.

Rep. Bob Barr (R-Ga.) asked the House Judiciary Committee to begin the first steps for consideration of impeachment of President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore. Barr drafted a letter to Judiciary Committee Chairman Henry Hyde (R-Ill.) in which he requested a meeting to discuss whether Clinton and Gore's fund-raising activities were impeachable.

March 17, 1997

It was reported that in 1995, DNC director Fowler tried to persuade the National Security Council (NSC) to overturn a recommendation that a controversial Democratic donor not be allowed to attend White House meetings. International oil financier Roger Tamraz, whose company donated at least $177,000 to the Democratic Party, was reportedly allowed access to the White House four more times, despite the NSC recommendation. The Journal story quoted administration officials who say that in his lobbying efforts, Fowler probably went as far as to arrange for a classified CIA report on Tamraz to be sent to the NSC. Congressional investigators said Fowler's actions raised questions about national security and that it could jeopardize the nomination of ex-national security advisor Anthony Lake to become the CIA director.

Former National Security Advisor Anthony Lake asked President Bill Clinton to withdraw his nomination as director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The president said he would honor the request, with regret.

Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch (R-Utah) told CBS' "Face the Nation" "They [the White House] knew that the Chinese government was going to come into this country and attempt to purchase influence." Hatch said the FBI first sounded a warning about Chinese donations as early as 1995, and suggested the 1996 FBI warning to the National Security Council staff was never passed on to Clinton because people in the administration were already aware of it.

Articles:The Barbados Connection: Coral Reinsurance The Chinese Corruption of the U.S. Government is not limited to the DNC or the Clinton Administration or to Arkansas. It reaches into the ranks of Republican Congressmen as well.

March 18, 1997
House Minority Leader Richard Gephardt (D-Mo.) announced that he would return $22,000 in donations related to the Lippo Group.

March 19

CIA determination based on information seen "up to that time": 1996 Chinese missile crash did not raise "proliferation concerns" that could harm US security.

On a 55-44 vote, the Senate approved a "sense of the Congress" resolution that Attorney General Janet Reno should apply for the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate allegations of illegal fund-raising in the 1996 presidential election.

March 21, 1997
The House allocates $6.5 million for a House Government Reform and Oversight Committee investigation of Democratic fund-raising, although the probe's current budget calls for spending $3.8 million.

The New York Daily News reports that Charlie Trie, traveling the world, has no intention to return to the United States and cooperate with congressional investigators.

March 22, 1997

The New York Times reports that documents turned over to Congress by the White House's former senior political aide, Harold Ickes, show that coffees which Clinton held at the White House in 1996 had systematic fund-raising targets associated with them, often at $400,000 a session, and both Clinton and Gore were personally kept abreast of each month's fund-raising intake. One Ickes memo showed that there was a plan to have Clinton himself make 18 to 20 personal fund-raising calls. Vice President Al Gore was also scheduled to make 10 calls, all in hopes of raising $1.2 million in the final weeks of 1995.

An African multi-millionaire had to pass up a dinner invitation with President Bill Clinton because he was being extradited from Geneva to Miami that evening, The New York Times reported. The newspaper said a week before the September 6, 1996 dinner at a Washington hotel, Foutanga Dit Babani Sissoko was arrested on a U.S. warrant and charged with trying to smuggle two military helicopters to Africa and offering a $30,000 bribe to a U.S. Customs agent.

March 24, 1997
Vice President Al Gore arrived in China for a four-day state visit.

Articles: Washington Post Targets Chairman Burton Ahead of Chinagate Vote The Threat From Red China The China Network Three Degrees Of Bill Clinton White House Subject of a Counterintelligence Investigation? Chairman Dan Burton (R-IN) on His Investigation of White House Rep. Jim Traficant (D-Ohio) on Chinagate Scandals Breaks ranks with Democrat cover-up attempt.

March 25, 1997
FBI Director Louis Freeh blocked an attempt by White House officials last month to obtain sensitive information about China's possible involvement in the U.S. political process. Freeh was worried that the information would leak, opening the FBI up to criticism for sharing information with the White House, federal officials told the newspaper. In a Feb. 18 letter to Deputy Attorney General Jamie S. Gorelick, new White House counsel Charles F.C. Ruff asked questions about the federal investigation into purported plans by Chinese officials and citizens to make illegal contributions to American campaigns, the Times said, citing sources who have seen the letter.The letter asked for information only about the activities of Chinese nationals and officials, not American citizens.

March 26, 1997
Businessman Warren Meddoff and Texas financier William Morgan testified before a federal grand jury about Democratic fund-raising.

March 27, 1997

The DNC acknowledged carrying $14.4 million in debt, forcing it to delay returning some $3 million in questionable or illegal donations. Meanwhile, Senate investigators issued nine more subpoenas.

Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, D-N.Y., became the first Democrat in the Senate to call for an independent counsel to investigate campaign fund-raising. "They feel they will get answers from an independent counsel that they wouldn't get from others."

March 28, 1997
House Speaker Newt Gingrich, in a meeting with Chinese leaders, asked for their help in unraveling the accusations that Chinese citizens may have made illegal contributions to U.S. political campaigns.

Spring, 1997

Los Alamos National Laboratory chose a scientist who was under investigation as a suspected spy for China to run a sensitive new nuclear weapons program, several senior Government officials say. The scientist, Wen Ho Lee, eager for the new post, asked that he be allowed to hire a research assistant, the officials said. Once in the new position, in charge of updating computer software for nuclear weapons, Lee hired a post-doctoral researcher who was a citizen of the People's Republic of China, intelligence and law-enforcement officials said. James Risen – 3/29/99
New York Times


April 1997
"……. In April 1997, the FBI issued a classified report on the labs that recommended, among other things, reinstating background checks on visitors to Los Alamos and Sandia, officials said. The Energy Department and the labs ignored the FBI recommendation for 17 months. An Energy Department spokeswoman was unable to explain the delay…" New York Times 3/06/99 Jeff Gerth


Just 14 months after the decontrol--Undersecretary of Commerce William Reinsch told Congress that U.S. companies had sold 46 supercomputers to Chinese end-users, and that the Chinese were not allowing the U.S. government to verify how they were being used. - The American Spectator 5/99 Kenneth R. Timmerman

Lee was transferred to a new job at Los Alamos, where he was responsible for updating legacy codes for U.S. nuclear warheads. - The Daily Republican 4/28/99 Howard Hobbs


The House Intelligence Committee released a Department of Defense report called "Selected Military Capabilities of the People's Republic of China" which highlights similar concerns. The report claims China has focused on developing nuclear-weapons systems and advanced intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities to "develop a capability to fight short-duration, high-intensity wars in the region" and defeat the U.S. Navy.. . . . The report concludes that China will have the capacity "to produce as many as 1,000 new [ballistic] missiles within the next decade" and is developing land-attack cruise missiles as a high priority for strategic warfare.- Insight Magazine Vol. 13, No. 17 5/12/97 By Timothy W. Maier

As the agency readied its Annual Report to the President on the Status of Safeguards and Security, officials opted to "eliminate some of the unsupported conclusions" reached by the security office, according to an internal memo by then-Assistant Energy Secretary Tara O'Toole. Those conclusions, she added, did not present "an accurate and balanced picture." The report to the president did include toned-down comments reflecting some of the security office's chief concerns. But like previous reports, which also questioned computer security and physical protections , the legally required assessment was held back from the White House - USA Today 5/19/99 Peter Eisler

In April 1997 prompted by Lee's request to his Los Alamos superiors to hire a Chinese national as his research assistant the bureau finally began preparing a formal FISA request. Congressional Report Blasts U.S. Inquiry of China's Nuclear Espionage 8/5/99

Nearly five months after determining a FISA warrant would be needed, FBI begins drafting a request for OIPR to make FISA application to the court. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99

When Navy Lt. Jack Daly is wounded in the eyes by a laser from a Russian spy ship in U.S. waters, top administration officials cover up the incident and the Navy wages a retribution campaign against the intelligence officer for talking about the matter.- INSIGHT J Michael Waller 10/16/99


* Tony Rodham, the brother of Hillary Rodham Clinton, arranged a White House meeting for Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov at the request of Gene Prescott, who was involved with a start-up company that hoped to bring 'smart' credit-debit cards to Russia with Luzhkov's support. As reports linked Luzhkov to members of the Russian mafia, Tony Rodham's request on his behalf made things very uncomfortable for Sandy Berger, the national security adviser, according to someone familiar with the episode. Nevertheless, in April 1997, Berger agreed to meet with Luzhkov and President Clinton arranged to stop by. Fortune Magazine - Are Hillary's Brothers Driving Off Course? 10/24/1999

April 1, 1997
The White House discloses that two senior officials, Mack McLarty and White House Chief of Staff Erskine Bowles, assisted former Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell in seeking jobs after his March 1994 resignation. Hubbell received more than $500,000 in payments from a dozen or so entities in 1994, including $100,000 from the Indonesia-based Lippo Group that is at the center of the campaign financing controversy.

April 2, 1997
The White House releases more documents from the files of former Deputy Chief of Staff Harold Ickes which show that Democrat fund-raisers expected Clinton and Gore to fill empty campaign coffers. Clinton was expected to raise $50 million by attending events both inside and outside the White House. The documents show that Democratic party officials urged that the president, vice president and their respective wives make fund-raising calls. The papers also show the DNC's 1996 budget contained $1 million for potential fines by the Federal Election Commission.

The Washington Post reports that the FBI has obtained substantial evidence that top communist Chinese government officials approved a scheme in 1995 to attempt to buy influence with U.S. politicians as well as influencing the 1996 elections. The communist Chinese planned to spend nearly $2 million on the 1996 elections. At a news conference, President Bill Clinton once again said that if China has tried to exert improper influence on U.S. officials, it would be "a matter of serious concern." "But I think it is important that we not accuse people of something that we don't know for sure that they have done," Clinton said.

April 3, 1997

Former White House Chief of Staff Thomas "Mack" McLarty was subpoenaed by Whitewater Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr to testify in the investigation related to Webster Hubbell. McLarty was called on to testify about his role in recommending the former assistant attorney general to potential clients, after Hubbell left the Justice Department and before he pleaded guilty to embezzlement charges involving clients at his former law firm.

Bernard Rapoport of Waco, Texas, spent almost two hours before the grand jury discussing his decision to hire Whitewater figure Webb Hubbell for "consulting" work after Hubbell's departure from the Justice Department in April 1994. Rapoport paid Hubbell $18,000 in 1994 at the suggestion of Texarkana, Texas, oilman Truman Arnold, who hired Hubbell after getting a call from McLarty. After Hubbell went to prison in 1995 for tax evasion and mail fraud, Rapoport contributed $5,000 to an education fund for Hubbell's children


Representative Dan Burton announced that the Committee would issue twenty-five subpoenas. The new subpoenas sought information and records from individuals and corporations relating to financial payments to former Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell, as well as to the legal defense fund of former White House official Craig Livingstone. New York attorney Susan Thomases was subpoenaed for documents relating to Mr. Hubbell, the Lippo Group, James Riady, and other subjects of interest to the investigation. It was also announced that a document subpoena would be issued to Johnny Chung. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98 plus

In a White House press briefing Mike McCurry concerning Tamraz/Fowler/CIA "...There is one thing that is happening here, which is Sandy Berger is looking at procedures for making sure that information that needs to be briefed up the chain of command at the NSC absolutely for certain gets briefed up, and you've probably seen some coverage of that...."


April 4, 1997
White House Chief of Staff Erskine Bowles was issued a subpoena from a federal grand jury in Arkansas, courtesy of Whitewater independent counsel Kenneth Starr. The subpoena required Bowles to produce documents and to testify before the grand jury on April 15 on his actions related to former Justice Department official Webster Hubbell.A day erlier, President Clinton defended their actions and made the following confused statement: "I believe what I said was that I was unaware of the Lippo contract until it became public," Clinton said. "And I believe that's all I said. I rendered no judgment on it one way or the other."

* Lt. Jack Daly, a U.S. Naval intelligence officer, was wounded by a laser fired from a Russian spy ship in U.S. territorial waters. His Canadian helicopter pilot, Captain Patrick Barnes, was also wounded. Both have suffered permanent eye damage. The spy ship was tracking the American submarine U.S.S. Ohio.

"The intelligence community has evidence that the KAPITAN MAN and other vessels owned and operated by the Far East Shipping Company (FESCO) of Vladivostok, Russia are associated with the Russian military....By way of background, the Russian flagged ship, KAPITAN MAN, and others like her, sailing under the flags of China, Cyprus and Panama, et al, transit the Puget Sound on a regular basis, and are suspected by the intelligence community to be conducting surveillance against our Ballistic Missile Submarines (SSBN's) and the Carrier Battle Groups operating out of Bangor and Bremerton/Everett, WA. Evidence exists in the intelligence community that indicates that the FESCO vessels actively support the Russian military. Further, since these vessels also conduct so-called trade in the southern hemisphere as well, ample opportunity exists for them to conduct intelligence collection against U.S Naval exercises and operations in the Southern California operating areas. Similar activity to that in the Pacific Northwest has also been reported in the vicinity of the Kings Bay, Georgia SSBN base, and elsewhere." Statement of Lt. Jack Daly

"The political treatment of the KAPITAN MAN incident was an effort to minimize any detrimental impact that might result in jeopardizing relations with Moscow, agreements reached under the Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission and (at the time) the upcoming Russia-NATO pact. This sent a very dangerous message not only to the crew of the ship and the Russians, but to anyone with an ax to grind with the United States who followed the story in the resulting press coverage. The message that came across was that you can commit a hostile act or crime within U.S. borders, injure U.S. service men and women, and, because of political sensitivities, you can not only get away with it, you will be assisted by the very government you have offended." Statement of Lt. Jack Daly

April 7, 1997
FBI director Louis Freeh was quoted in Newsweek, saying "I have wondered about leaving". President Bill Clinton had openly suggested he was not properly briefed on possible efforts by China to influence U.S. elections.

Article: DNC Received Money Directly From China

* IRKUTSK, Asian Russia -- A high-ranking American diplomat, Thomas Graham, completed a five-day tour of Asian Russia's East Siberian Irkutskregion, his fifth visit to the region in five years. Graham met the governor and other officials, and had conversations with representatives of the local business community - the leaders of industrial and commercial enterprises, banks and small businesses. He also visited Bratsk and told a press conference that the U.S.administration would allocate two billion dollars to be disbursed to Russian regions, including the industrialised Irkutsk region. ITAR-TASS ASIAN NEWS BRIEFS FOR MONDAY, APRIL 7 = 2.. , ITAR-TASS, 04-07-1997.

April 8, 1997
The Washington Post reported that the White House supplied top-secret intelligence information to the DNC to block businessman Grigori Loutchansky, who had alleged ties to Russian organized crime, from attending a $25,000-a-person 1995 fund-raising dinner with Clinton. Political operatives in the White House and the DNC gained access to and disseminated information gathered by some of the nation's most sensitive intelligence-gathering methods.

April 9 1997
A letter from the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee was sent to the White House asking for the production of all documents referring or relating to Charlie Trie's appointment to the Commission on US-Pacific Trade and Investment Policy, and all documents regarding Executive Order #12987 signed on January 31, 1996." On April 21, 1997, the White House produced only a few documents in response to request number 19, but notified the Committee that a substantial number of additional responsive documents had been withheld on executive privilege grounds.

April 10, 1997
San Francisco Chronicle: "In the months leading up to a crucial 1994 decision in Washington on China's trading status, the Chinese government made a very shrewd political move. It spent billions. The money did not go to U.S. lawmakers, lobbyists or public relations firms -- at least directly. The money, in the form of future business deals, went to Boeing, Ford, Time Warner, IBM and other titans of U.S. industry. "

April 11, 1997

Documents released indicate that the DNC moved large soft money donations through state Democratic parties to obscure their origins. Questions are raised about a large donation from a CEO made shortly after a key Justice Department ruling: It was a $3.4 billion deal. Legal publisher West Publishing was selling out to a Canadian rival. But West's Vance Opperman needed the Clinton Administration's approval. The Justice Department's antitrust division was threatening to sue. Buried in once-secret documents recently released by the White House, a secret ledger sheet at the Democratic National Committee, dated June 4 last year, lists Opperman for eight contributions, totaling $155,000. The money went not directly to the national party; that would attract national attention. Instead, the ledger shows the donations directed to states: $25,000 to the California party, $25,000 to New Jersey, $69,000 to New York, $5,000 to Colorado, $5,000 to Connecticut, $4,000 to Maryland, $11,000 to Rhode Island, and $11,000 to Washington. The deal was subsequently approved by Justice with minor concessions. "I think their goal was to circumvent disclosure," said Kent Cooper of the watchdog group Center For Responsive Politics. "They're moving this money in a way that's a little bit more complicated than if they just wrote one big check to the Democratic National Committee ... They had to go through a few more steps, more complicated ones, basically to hide this money." Democrats also routed gambling money through state capitals, including $250,000 from Mirage Resorts and $150,000 from a Chippewa band seeking a Detroit casino. Also, money from tobacco companies, the Teamsters union, Republican businessmen and even a $5,000 donation from a gay-rights crusader. DNC documents show $2.5 million in such underground money.

The Washington Times reports Al Gore, who claims he did not know an April 1996 visit with Democrat Party donors at the Hsi Lai Buddhist Monastery was a fund-raising event, had been notified more than three months earlier that the event was set to raise $200,000 for the Democrat Party. The latest revelation stems from more than 30 documents turned over to Congress by former Deputy Chief of Staff Harold Ickes, showing the expected take from the fund-raiser was increased to $350,000 after it was held.

April 14, 1997

The White House, responding to congressional subpoenas and press inquiries, releases 10,000 pages of documents, most from the files of DNC fund-raiser John Huang, detailing DNC fund-raising. Documents showed the DNC and the White House were intimately aware of DNC fund-raising efforts on behalf of the Clinton/Gore re-election campaign. Also included was a memo urging the White House to appoint big donors to ambassadorships and top government jobs and reward donors with rides on Air Force One and invitations to Camp David.

The White House released a list of donors and fund-raisers who were allowed to fly on Air Force One and Two with President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore. In 1995 and 1996, the Clinton Administration allowed 56 contributors who donated $5,000 and more and fund-raisers raising $25,000 or more for the DNC or the Clinton-Gore campaign to fly on the taxpayer-financed Air Force jets. Among the contributors flying on Air Force One: New York businessman Maurice Templesman, labor leaders Lane Kirkland and John Sweeney, Washington lobbyist Tommy Boggs, and Washington lawyer Vernon Jordan. Numerous trips aboard Air Force One were taken by Clinton-Gore chief fund-raiser Terry McAuliffe and DNC fund-raisers Marvin Rosen, Laura Hartigan, Richard Sullivan and Scott Patrick. None of the contributors or fund-raisers were asked to pay for the costs of their airfare on Air Force One and Two for official trips.

With questions surrounding Bill Clinton's use of the Camp David for political reasons, documents were released that identifed guests of Clinton at the resort. Among the president's guests, the White House says only one, close friend and informal advisor Vernon Jordan, was a major Democratic Party fund-raiser.In addition, according to White House deputy communications director Ann Lewis, Jordan also attended a retreat at Camp David with presidential scholars and authors in January 1995. The White House says former Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell visited Camp David in July 1994, after he was forced to resign his position but before he was sentenced to prison. The White House describes most of the president's guests at Camp David as old friends and family. Among them is Diane Blair of Fayetteville, Ark. She teaches at the University of Arkansas and is married to Tyson Foods lawyer Jim Blair. He did not join her at Camp David. Hollywood producers and close Clinton pals Harry Thomason and Linda Bloodworth Thomason also were guests of the first family at Camp David. In January 1993, the president invited his incoming Cabinet members and senior staff to spend a few days with him at Camp David.

Attorney General Janet Reno once again spurned requests for a special prosecutor, turning aside Republican demands for an independent probe into Democratic campaign fund-raising excesses during the 1996 presidential campaign. In a series of five letters to members of the House and Senate Judiciary commitees today, the Justice Department said its investigation has not found "specific and credible evidence" that a crime has been committed by an individual covered by the independent counsel statute.

Articles: The Untold Story Of Political Fundraising How Dumb Can We Be? Rep. Jim Traficant On America's Arming of China

April 15, 1997

* GAO Report - Export Controls: Sales of High Performance Computers to Russia's NuclearWeapons Laboratories (Testimony, 04/15/97, GAO/T-NSIAD-97-128) noted that:

(1) Russia has expressed a strong desire to obtain high performance computers from the United States for use at its nuclear weapons laboratories;

(2) according to the Russian Minister of AtomicEnergy, such computers are needed to help Russia maintain its nuclearstockpile, particularly in light of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treatyprohibiting future nuclear explosions;

(3) Russia attempted to obtain high performance computers for its weapons laboratories for "civilian purposes" from two U.S. manufacturers;

(4) the manufacturers, in compliance with the export control laws and regulations, sought an export license for the transaction but the applications were eventually returned by the Commerce Department without action;

(5) the U.S.government said it needed more information about how the computers would be used;

(6) subsequently, press reports began to circulate in Russia and the United States that Russia had obtained U.S. high performancecomputers from other sources, and according to officials from Russia's Ministry of Atomic Energy, the computers would be used for nuclear stockpile maintenance; and

(7) if these press reports are correct, and information supplied by the Russian Minister of Atomic Energy indicates the reports are correct, such a sale would appear to be contrary to the policy underlying U.S export control regulations and to U.S. policy boundaries regarding cooperation with Russia's nuclear weapons program.

Export Controls: Sales of High Performance Computers to Russia's Nuclear Weapons Laboratories (Testimony, 04/15/97, GAO/T-NSIAD-97-128).

April 23, 1997

Don Denton, the former assistant manager at Little Rock National Airport, who was fired from his job after testifying under a grant of immunity in the trial of Tucker and the McDougals, said that he had been questioned by the independent counsel's office about the possible intimidation of witnesses. In a motion for a grand jury extension written by deputy independent counsel W. Hickman Ewing, it was revealed that new evidence had been uncovered about witness tampering, perjury and document destruction. Airport officials said Denton's job performance, not his testimony, got him fired.

Campaign watchdog group Common Cause president Ann McBride criticized Attorney General Janet Reno for her interpretation of law governing so-called "soft money." "If the Department of Justice allows these practices to go unchallenged, they will become commonplace in future elections, and the department will be writing out of existence fundamental anti-corruption statutes that have been on the books for decades," McBride said.

April 24, 1997
In the first specific indication of what Indonesian business interests may have sought in return for political donations, The New York Times reported that the Riady family wanted to buy a U.S. bank, but abandoned the plan after becoming embroiled in the probe into overseas contributions to the Democrats.



April 28, 1997
The White House failed to meet a noon deadline for delivering all documents relating to John Huang, the Riady family and the Lippo Group that were subpoenaed by the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee. The Committee had been seeking documents regarding Huang since his role was first disclosed in the fall. On October 31, 1996, then-Chairman Clinger first wrote the White House requesting information and documents about numerous visits Huang made to the White House. Six months, several letters and two subpoenas later the Committee has yet to receive all documents from the White House pertaining to John Huang. At a Capitol Hill meeting, Chairman Burton personally presented White House Counsel Charles Ruff with two new narrowly-targeted subpoenas for White House documents related to Huang and the Riadys.

April 29, 1997
The Associated Press reports that Clinton-Gore political appointee John Huang had more access to government secrets than previously disclosed. The Commerce Department identified 109 meetings in 1994 and 1995 attended by Huang, at which classified information was discussed. Previously, the Clinton-Gore administration disclosed that Huang had received only 37 intelligence briefings.

After April 1997

"…Over one year later, after news stories and columns about Clinton's "Asian connection" had stimulated law enforcement officials and a Senate committee to bestir themselves, F.B.I. Director Louis Freeh and Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet went to the office of Energy Secretary Federico Peña. "Louis and George read him the riot act," a meeting participant tells me, "about lax security at Los Alamos." But nothing happened for a year and a half. Senator Fred Thompson's hearings on the Asian connection were politicized and truncated by John Glenn and Tom Daschle. Not until late 1998, when a bipartisan House select committee under co-chairmen Chris Cox and Norman Dicks began asking questions about Chinese espionage, did a new Energy Secretary begin to lock the barn door…" …" NY Times OpEd 3/8/99 William Safire "

May - September, 1997

Wen Ho Lee – a scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory who was already under investigation as a suspected spy for China, hires a postdoctoral researcher who was a Chinese citizen and who has since disappeared. James Risen - 29 March 1999
New York Times


May, 1997
The full scope of China's American supercomputer bonanza had become public. Under the Clinton "liberalization", The Peoples' Republic of China had acquired no less than 46 of the prized high performance machines. House Judiciary Chairman Henry Hyde was quoted that same month by the Washington Times observing that the computer technology transfers "may have given the PRC more supercomputer capacity than the entire (U.S.) Department of Defense."

General John M. Shalikashvili, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States, paid an official visit to China. – Chinese Embassy

May 2, 1997
The financially troubled Democratic National Committee (DNC) said it raised $4 million Thursday night at a Washington, D.C., fund-raiser featuring President Bill Clinton. The president told the donors that he was proud of them. "I wish we could have had this event in the Lincoln bedroom, but there wasn't enough coffee in the White House," Clinton joked. At the time, the DNC was more than $14 million in debt, not counting $1.5 million in questionable donations it has promised to return, and mounting legal bills it has promised to pay.

May 5, 1997
The New York Times reported that the Clintons were warned by their friend Jim Blair in March 1994 about the gravity of Webster Hubbell's legal problems, and that their personal attorney David Kendall was also aware. The White House denied that the report undermined previous assertions by both Clintons that neither they nor any others at the White House were aware of the extent of Hubbell's woes at the time business calls were made on his behalf.

May 6, 1997
In documents released by the federal judge in Little Rock, Independent Counsel Starr "candidly states ... Mrs. Clinton's testimony on several issues under investigation 'has changed over time or differs from that of other witnesses' and that she is a 'central figure' in his investigation."

May 7, 1997
The Washington Post reported that FBI Director Louis Freeh had urged Attorney General Janet Reno to seek an independent counsel, after concluding that the Justice Department faced a possible conflict of interest in examining the actions of several top aides to President Bill Clinton. Reno later downplays it as "a continuing discussion ... I'm not sure you would characterize it as a difference of opinion."

May 9, 1997

After a protracted struggle over her confirmation, Alexis Herman was formally sworn in as President Bill Clinton's new Labor secretary. Herman's confirmation was delayed for four months, first by questions about her involvement in White House coffees and then a dispute over a proposed executive order on union labor and federal contracts.

In a written statement, Chinese President Jiang Zemin denies Chinese officials ever made political contributions to U.S. candidates in hopes of gaining influence.

May 11, 1997

In 1994 or 1995, [Peter] Lee applied for another job at Los Alamos, but the FBI, having intensified its investigation of Lee, warned the Energy Department of its counterintelligence concerns, and, according to one official, Lee's application was rejected. In the spring of 1997, Lee made a three-week trip to China as a paid guest of China's Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, which handles the design of China's nuclear weapons, according to an FBI affidavit filed in Lee's case. The affidavit was based in part on what it called Lee's "confession" in interviews with FBI officials from October 1997 to early 1998. Lee filed a report with his company, TRW, saying that he planned to travel to China only for sightseeing and pleasure. But before he left, he contacted a Chinese scientist to tell him that he would be giving lectures on laser and nuclear energy at several Chinese institutes, the affidavit states......While in Beijing on May 11, 1997, he gave a lecture about his work on the radar ocean imaging project at the Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics to a group that included Chinese nuclear-weapons scientists. He was questioned about its applications for anti-submarine warfare, and showed the audience a surface ship wake image that he had brought with him from his lab. After a two-hour, detailed discussion of the physics of his work and its submarine applications, he tore the ship wake image "to shreds" after leaving the meeting, Lee told the FBI, court records show....." - New York Times 5/10/99 JEFF GERTH and JAMES RISEN

May 12, 1997

A Chinese rocket launched another DFH-3 telecommunications satellite into orbit that was built by China Aerospace Corp. and Daimler-Benz and contained some American parts. It is said satellite never worked.

Federal investigators identified a Los Angeles-based Asian businessman as a possible Chinese agent, sources close to the FBI probe of campaign fund-raising told the Los Angeles Times. Chinese emigre Ted Sioeng, owner of a pro-Beijing newspaper and a variety of other businesses, is the first figure known to be suspected of espionage in the ongoing Justice Department investigation of campaign fund-raising. Sources told the Times that the FBI became interested in Sioeng based on intercepted communications between Beijing and the Chinese embassy in Washington, D.C. Sioeng is a friend of John Huang, the former Democratic National Committee fund-raiser now at the center of the fund-raising scandal. Sioeng sat next to President Bill Clinton at a July fund-raiser, and also attended the controversial fund-raiser at the Hsi Lai Buddhist temple attended by Vice President Al Gore. His daughter, Jessica Elnitiarta, had donated $250,000 to the DNC through Panda Estates Investment Inc., a family company. See LA Times 5/12/97 James Risen

May 15, 1997

The New York Post reports that John Huang attended up to 146 meetings in which classified information was discussed, including some at the White House. Commerce Secretary William Daley admitted that Huang attended 70 meetings in 1994 and 39 in 1995, along with the 37 previously acknowledged by the Clinton-Gore White House.

A Washington-based federal grand jury investigating Whitewater was dismissed. On May 17, Whitewater investigators disclosed they are using another federal grand jury in Washington to on their probe.

FBI Assistant Director Robert M. Bryant had noted in a May 15, 1997, memo to FBI Deputy Director William Esposito that the White House had taken "direct control" of DNC fund-raising efforts and there were concerns that both "soft" and "hard" money donations had been diverted from foreign donors to the DNC. - THE WASHINGTON TIMES 6/13/00 Jerry Seper

May 16, 1997

Jeffrey Garten, a former Commerce undersecretary, told Senate investigators that most of the political hires at the department were not held in high regard. In a deposition to the committee, Garten dismissed the flowery evaluations showered on political appointees as "so highly inflated that these are totally worthless, pro forma documents." for example, Garten had misgivings about John Huang. "I was uncomfortable with Huang, because one doesn't have a lot of time in these situations, but my instinct, as someone who had lived and worked in Asia, was that he wasn't the kind of person who ought to represent the American government."

A 20-page report by the Defense Technology Security Administration (Pentagon) concerning security breaches at Loral & Hughes of sharing information with China notes that 3 were major (definitely would have been deleted), 3 were medium ("most likely" would have been deleted) and 12 were minor ("probably" would have been denied to the Chinese.)

May 19, 1997
President Bill Clinton announced he would seek to extend China's favored trade status with the U.S. Clinton had until early June to make the announcement, but aides said he wanted to go forward with the decision today, in part to avoid allowing opposition in Congress to grow.

May 20, 1997
Chairman Dan Burton deferred a May 21 hearing of the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee that was to consider a contempt of Congress citation, pending further cooperation with the White House. Reporting "substantial progress" in negotiations between the Committee and the White House over subpoenaed documents, Burton said "at least for the time being, it will not be necessary for the Committee to hold a hearing involving Mr. Ruff."

May 21, 1997
The Senate Governmental Affairs Committee requested White House WAVES records for Ng Lap Seng. The release of this information, however, was delayed by the White House until the afternoon of July 29, 1997, after the completion of testimony relating to the Ng-funded DNC contributions made by Charlie Trie. (White House WAVES records indicate that Trie visited the White House at least twenty-two times from the period 1993 to 1996 and that Ng Lap Seng also visited the White House ten times between 1994 and 1996.)

US Arms Control/Nonproliferation Sanctions Against China "…-Prohibition of US government procurement of goods or services from the sanctioned entities or persons -Prohibition of the importation into the United States of any products produced by the sanctioned entities -Imposed pursuant to the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991 -Imposed against five Chinese individuals, two Chinese companies, and one Hong Kong company for knowingly and materially contributing to Iran's chemical weapons program -The entities and individuals were involved in the export of dual-use chemical precursors and/or chemical production equipment and technology -Imposed against: -Liao Minglong, Tian Yi, and Chen Qingchang (aka QC Chen), Pan Yongming, and Shao Xingsheng (all Chinese citizens) -Nanjing Chemical Industries Group (NCI) (Chinese company) -Jiangsu Yongli Chemical Engineering and Technology Import/Export Corp (Chinese company) -Cheong Yee Limited (Hong Kong company) Duration of a minimum of one year…" – Congress

John Hancock, civilian FAA Deputy Director on International Aviation wrote a memo and summary report on "China ATC (air traffic control) discussions." Hancock wrote, "Attached is a summary of discussions held in Beijing on Wednesday, April 16, 1997, on future civil-military air traffic control cooperation between the United States and China." "As you know, following completion of U.S. Government (USG) policy coordination, a small delegation traveled to Beijing to present our options for FAA-led ATC civil-military programs under the reconfigured ATC initiative. This activity was previously conducted under the Joint Defense Conversion Commission which was dissolved by then-Defense Secretary Perry in July 1996," wrote Hancock – Worlnetdaily 11/16/99 Charles Smith


May 22, 1997
USA Today reported that Vernon Jordan helped Webster Hubbell land a high-paying job after Hubbell left his No. 3 post at the Justice Department. Hubbell received $63,000 between April and December 1994 from MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings, a company owned by billionaire financier Ronald Perelman. He was hired as an outside counsel following an introduction and recommendation by Jordan.

May 25, 1997
Associated Press reports that the Democrat National Committee is invoking attorney-client privilege and is refusing to let the party's top lawyer, Joseph Sandler, testify about conversations he had with White House and DNC officials. Hiding behind the White House and using tricky legal maneuvers, the DNC is attempting to invoke this privilege to block the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee from uncovering the truth about illegal contributions.

May 26, 1997
The Justice Department said it would not prosecute Ex-FBI agent Gary Aldrich for going ahead with his book "Unlimited Access" without FBI clearance. Aldrich's book portrayed the White House as lax on security and alleged that President Bill Clinton was engaged in an affair with a White House employee and would sneak out for sexual trysts at the downtown Marriott hotel. A report in The New Yorker quoted Aldrich as saying, "The Marriott thing was not quite solid. It was hypothetical" but Aldrich said he was misquoted by the author, Jane Mayer.

May 27, 1997

Supreme Court rules the lawsuit can proceed while Clinton is president. – AP 5/23/00

May 28, 1997
Graham Whatley, a Commerce official, revealed the existence of a "DNC Minority Donors List" in departmental files. It had been turned over to the Justice Department two months earlier, but not to Judicial Watch or the court. – Judicial Watch

May 29, 1997
In a 30-page brief, Starr objected to the White House appeal to the Supreme Court to deny his investigation access to Hillary Clinton's Whitewater notes taken by former deputy White House counsel Jane Sherburne. "What the case presents, at bottom, is a bold assertion of a governmental privilege against a federal grand jury's interest in securing relevant evidence," Starr said.

May 31, 1997
XXXXX DRUDGE REPORT BREAKING 5/31/97 14:08:47 PDT HUBBELL RECORDS SEIZED? There are new reports that Whitewater prosecutor Kenneth Starr has seized the records of a Los Angeles-area broker involving a $3,500,000 account supposedly belonging to Webster Hubbell. Speculation first raised in this space [DRUDGE REPORT 4/22/97], had Hubbell's suspicious earnings far exceeding the press accounts of $700,000. One theory has Starr stumbling upon the account from taped phone talk caught on tape during Hubbell's time in prison...

Summer 1997
"…White House was told the full extent of China’s spyring, on the eve of the first U.S.-Chinese summit meeting in eight years -- a meeting intended to dramatize the success of President Clinton's efforts to improve relations with Beijin… This conflicted with their China policy," said a U.S. official, who like many others in this article spoke on condition of anonymity. " New York Times 3/06/99 Jeff Gerth

"…In early 1997, with the FBI's investigation making scant progress and the Energy Department's counterintelligence program in limbo, Trulock and other intelligence officials began to see new evidence that the Chinese had other, ongoing spy operations at the weapons labs…. But Trulock was unable to quickly inform senior U.S. officials about the new evidence. He asked to speak directly with Pena, the energy secretary, but had to wait four months for an appointment…. Pena immediately sent Trulock back to the White House -- and to Berger…."In July 1997 Sandy was briefed fully by the DOE on China's full access to nuclear weapons designs, a much broader pattern" said one White House official. Officials said Berger was told that there was evidence of several other Chinese espionage operations that were still under way inside the weapons labs…. Berger quickly briefed Clinton on what he had learned and kept him updated over the next few months, a White House official said. As Trulock spread the alarm, his warnings were reinforced by CIA Director George Tenet and FBI Director Louis Freeh, who met with Pena to discuss the lax security at the labs that summer…." New York Times 3/06/99 Jeff Gerth

Mid-Year, 1997

The Energy Department contracts out day-to-day operation of the country's nuclear labs to the University of California and Lockheed Martin Corp. "Security is something they don't even think about," says a retired FBI agent. To break the logjam, agents arranged for Freeh and CIA director George Tenet to receive a stunning briefing in 1997 on security lapses and suspicions of Chinese snooping at Los Alamos. The directors then told Energy Secretary Federico Pena that security was in need of an overhaul. The two also convened a committee of U.S. counterspies, which informed the National Security Council in mid-1997 that the labs needed tighter security and stricter vetting of foreign visitors. Clinton signed off on the proposal in February 1998. -Time 5/10/99 Romesh Ratnesar

June, 1997

Two key democratic fund-raisers have pleaded guilty to arranging $50,000 in illegal contributions during the 1994 elections. Nora Lum and her husband Gene, sought Commerce Department access to further their business through campaign donations to Democrats. Mrs. Lum was a confidante to the late Commerce Secretary Brown. The couple's daughter also pleaded guilty to serving as an illegal conduit for a $10,000 donation to the DNC.

An Article by Kenneth R. Timmerman in the American Spectator "While America Sleeps" - revealed that Liu Chaoying is the daughter of Lt. Gen Lie Huaging.

William J. Casey warns against the renewal of MFN status for China because: Communist China is utilizing much of the huge trade surplus that it enjoys thanks to this privileged trading status to mount a strategic threat to the United States and its vital interests in Asia, the Middle East and beyond.

"…Then on May 11, 1996, it [China] promised not to do it [nuclear proliferation] again. Mr. Clinton's speech said nothing about China's nuclear deals and treaty-breaking -- or what the C.I.A. told Congress in June 1997. The C.I.A. reported that during the second half of 1996, after the pledge to the U.S., China was still the "primary source of nuclear related equipment and technology" to Pakistan. Also, said the report, China is the world's "most significant supplier of weapons of mass destruction-related goods and technology" -- which means nuclear, chemical or bacteriological. The President did not mention China's breaking its pledge to America after breaking its treaty pledge to the world. Nor did he say that he was planning to reward China by giving it clearance to shop nuclear in America. But he will, unless Congress can block him …." The New York Times 10/28/97 A.M. ROSENTHAL

Charlie Trie himself fled the country and, in an interview with NBC News in Shanghai, boasted that Congressional investigators would "never find me."


By June 1997, concerned that we were helping the PLA to improve weapons design, missile targeting, and nuclear simulation, the House voted to restore licensing requirements on HPCs. But the measure was ultimately defeated under intense industry and administration pressure. - The American Spectator 5/99 Kenneth R. Timmerman

In June, 1997, House Rules Chairman Gerald Solomon had asserted publicly what committee staffs were saying privately--that intelligence intercepts of Huang's phone calls while at the Commerce Department revealed that he had 'committed economic espionage and breached our national security.' (Thompson Blew it…Bull In A China Scandal, The New Republic, September 22, 1997) - Newsmax 8/23/99 Tom Flocco Robin Akers

June 1, 1997
The Washington Post reported that Officials at the Commerce Department do not know why a list of Democratic donors was at the department. The list was considered a "personal document, not a Commerce document," spokeswoman Maria Cardona said. In a deposition taken Wednesday, Deputy Assistant Secretary Graham Whatley said a list of 139 contributors to the Democratic National Committee -- including bankers, union officials and corporate executives -- was kept in the department's files, said Larry Klayman, director of Judicial Watch

June 3, 1997
A woman who worked for controversial fund-raiser Charlie Trie, Keshi Zhan, takes the Fifth Amendment. Zhan gave the Democratic Party $12,500.

June 5, 1997
Nora T. Lum and her husband, Gene, pleaded guilty in federal court to passing $50,000 through "straw donors" to the campaigns of Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.) and W. Stuart Price, an unsuccessful Oklahoma Democratic candidate for Congress. The Lums agree to assist the Justice Department's criminal investigation.

June 6, 1997

The New York Times reports that at least $200,000 in contributions to the Clinton-Gore campaign came from donors that federal investigators suspect are fictitious, including checks from a number of phony corporations and a $3,000 check funneled through the account of a woman who had been dead for eleven years. Two checks solicited by John Huang offer the most compelling evidence yet of this illegal practice. Both checks arrived at the DNC on the same day in handwriting that appears identical with each check erroneously made out to "Victor 96," a reference to a Democrat organization called "Victory 96."

Howard Shapiro submitted his resignation. This ended any chance of discipline against him for acts he committed while acting as the top lawyer for the FBI. The internal FBI investigation into Mr. Shapiro stated that Mr Shapiro "exacerbated a political problem by contributing to the appearance that the FBI was not sufficiently independent of the White House" and that he made "very serious mistakes" in not coordinating his efforts at the WH with Whitewater Counsel Kenneth Starr. Mr. Shapiro has on many occasions notified the WH in advance of memo's , books, letters being released by the FBI that could be damaging to the WH.

June 10, 1997
The New York Daily News reports that U.S. intelligence officials have informed the White House and Congress that they have collected evidence that former DNC fundraiser John Huang passed classified information to his Indonesian ex-employers while at the Commerce Department. According to a senior government official, the focus of the intelligence information deals with Huang's activities during his last months at the Clinton/Gore Commerce Department in 1995. Huang seemed to step up his interest in classified information in September 1995, just months before he left for the DNC.

June 11, 1997

The Wall Street Journal reports that a 1996 meeting involving Clinton, DNC contributor Yogesh Gandhi and DNC fundraiser John Huang was arranged by Craig Livingstone, the former White House security office director. Livingstone resigned last year after admitting that his office obtained hundreds of confidential FBI files on Republicans. A previous scheduled meeting between Gandhi and Clinton was canceled by the White House counsel's office after being informed by the FBI that Gandhi was "a fraud." Gandhi donated $325,000 following the Livingstone-arranged meeting, and later testified in court that he was broke and had no assets in the United States.

Sen. Fred Thompson complained that the Democratic Party had willfully obstructed his probe. The chairman fired off a letter Tuesday to Democratic National Committee chairman Roy Romer, charging that DNC lawyers have been blocking the questioning of witnesses "in what seems to be a very calculated and selective process." Thompson said DNC General Counsel Joseph Sandler, under questioning, had invoked a form of attorney-client privilege known as "common- interest" or "common defense" privilege to avoid answering questions about conversations he had with White House lawyers.

June 12, 1997

Associated Press reports that Rep. Gerald Solomon (R-NY) claimed that electronic intercepts confirm that former Clinton/Gore administration official and DNC fundraiser John Huang committed economic espionage and breached national security by passing government secrets to his former Indonesian employer, The Lippo Group. Among the classified material Huang had access to was at least one briefing on China and another involving a sensitive power plant project in Taiwan.

The New York Times reports that Al Gore's top aides knew that the event at the California Buddhist monastery was for fundraising purposes, despite previous denials by Gore that he knew the true nature of the event. Following a conversation with DNC fundraiser John Huang, Gore's deputy chief of staff, David Strauss, noted in a phone log "lead to a lot of money moving support." Huang also followed up with a memorandum to another Gore top aide proposing a "fundraising lunch" at the Buddhist monastery

Senate Democrats block a motion to grant immunity to 19 witnesses, including monks at the Hsi Lai Buddhist temple, site of a controversial fund-raiser attended by Vice President Gore.

June 13, 1997

Associated Press reports that as much as $1 million was wired from the Bank of China and other sources in Asia to the account of fundraiser Charlie Trie during 1996 while he was helping the Clinton-Gore re-election effort by raising money for the DNC. Trie has left the U.S. for China and is not cooperating with congressional investigators.

The Dallas Morning Newsreports that five top Texas Democrat donors who attended White House coffees hosted by Clinton, are in line for U.S. ambassadorships. Four of the five individuals under consideration for ambassadorships attended the same coffee klatch at the White House in August 1996. If their appointments come through, it would mean that every fifth person at the coffee eventually won an ambassadorship.

June 14, 1997
U.S. businessman Roger Tamraz was arrested on an Interpol warrant in Tblisi in the Republic of Georgia in connection with charges of embezzling $200 million from a Lebanese bank. American officials were told by Georgian authorities that Lebanon requested that Tamraz be extradited to stand trial on the charges. The Clinton Administration had not honored an extradition request by Lebanon in the past. Tamraz has been investigated in the United States over his contributions to the Democratic Party and his White House visits, and their connection to an oil pipeline he was trying to build to the Caspian Sea.

June 16, 1997

Roger Tamraz was released by Georgian law enforcement officials Monday evening. Tamraz gave $72,000 to the Democratic National Committee and was a frequent White House visitor in 1995 and 1996, according to the Associated Press. According to the AP, Tamraz described his Caspian Sea oil pipeline plans to President Clinton at a donor dinner on March 26, 1996. U.S. embassy officials offered no explanation why Lebanon's request for extradition was rejected.

Defense Secretary William S. Cohen's plan to shut down additional military bases in order to pay for new weaponry was rejected by House and Senate defense committees in their versions of a $268 billion defense authorization bill for fiscal 1998. Many in Congress complained that Clinton unfairly manipulated the 1995 round of closures for political gain. At issue are two large Air Force maintenance depots -- McClellan Air Logistics Center in Sacramento, Calif., and Kelly Air Logistics Center in San Antonio, Texas -- which were targeted for closure in the 1995 round of base closings. Clinton interfered with the 1995 round by announcing that, while the Air Force would pull out of the two bases, thousands of jobs at the two sites would be saved by having private contractors take them over.

Articles:The Sellout of National Security for Cash -New Evidence of Espionage by John Huang -KGB-Associated Spy paid Democratic Party -Chinese Communists Cooperate with Democrats in Blocking Hearings -Some Call it Treason

June 19, 1997

The White House denied that First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton was behind the Commerce Department's hiring of controversial Democratic party fund-raiser John Huang, and that the White House pressured the late Commerce Secretary Ron Brown to go to China in 1994 to close a deal that would benefit Huang's previous employer, the Lippo Group of Indonesia. The denials followed allegations from Nolanda Hill, a close associate and friend of Brown, during an appearance on ABC News'"Prime Time Live." Hill, claimed to have had a 10-year love affair with Brown.

The Los Angeles Times reports that two Maryland women funneled $25,000 to the Democrat Party in 1996 at the direction of Ng Lap Seng, business partner of former DNC fundraiser Charlie Trie. The two women were later reimbursed, which is prohibited by federal election law. Seng had asked the two women to donate the money so that he could attend a fundraising dinner to meet Bill Clinton. The dinner, which brought in $1.1 million, was the first event organized by former DNC fundraiser John Huang.

June 20, 1997
The Washington Post reports that the Hsi Lai Buddhist monastery currently under investigation for making illegal contributions to the Clinton/Gore campaign repaid individuals who donated to three Democrat fund- raisers, including the monastery fund-raiser attended by Gore. DNC fund-raiser John Huang organized all three events. Evidence suggests that donation laundering was not limited to the monastery fund-raising luncheon attended by Gore. An additional $23,000 was funneled through similar illegal money- laundering techniques to the DNC.

June 23, 1997
China and Hughes signed a multiple launch agreement.

Articles: COSCO Caught Shipping 87 pounds of Heroin Has Many Connections To Clinton Administration Why China MFN and Long Beach Are Threats to U.S. National Security

About six months into the inquiry [of Far East National Bank], Stipano convened from the Justice Department and other law-enforcement agencies to describe its initial findings. "We were not oblivious to the fact that this could be money laundering, that it could be embezzlement, that it could be campaign-finance related," one official said. The inquiry was completed early the next spring. No charges were brought, and no regulatory actions taken. At the time of the June 1997 meeting, Justice Department and FBI officials were already searching for flows of Chinese money into American political coffers. And they were focusing closely on one of Ms. Xu's relatives by marriage, a Chinese military officer and aerospace executive named Liu Chao-ying. - NY TIMES 5/12/99 TIM GOLDEN and JEFF GERTH

June 24, 1997

Los Angeles officials report that an audit shows Webster Hubbell overcharged the city for consulting work, and they say federal prosecutors should consider charging Hubbell with fraud. The city hired Hubbell to do airport-related lobbying work in 1994, after his resignation from the Justice Department but before he pleaded guilty to bilking former legal clients in Arkansas.

The Washington Times reports that the DNC's general counsel, Joseph Sandler, is backing down from his position taken in May that attorney-client privilege protected him from answering questions in a Senate deposition about discussions he had with DNC and White House officials. Attorneys for Sandler said he "would be more accommodating in the future."

The Wiriadinatas, who returned to Indonesia in December 1995, are interviewed by Senate Committee staff in Jakarta, Indonesia. In the interview, Arief Wiriadinata made clear that John Huang directed all of their political contributions. Arief acknowledged that Huang's solicitations began in 1995, when Huang was still a Commerce official.

June 27, 1997

The Wall Street Journal reports that notes from a White House aide indicate that Clinton raised $500,000 for the DNC by telephoning donors from the White House. Such solicitation from federal property is a violation of federal law. Clinton maintains that he "can't remember" if he made the fundraising calls despite evidence demonstrating that Clinton made "15 to 20 calls."

The DNC announces it returned another $1.4 million of illegal donations they had accepted during the 1996 presidential campaign cycle. According to The Washington Post, the DNC claims it has returned $2.8 million to date this year. Of that $2.8 million, three DNC fundraisers --- John Huang, Charlie Trie and Johnny Chung --- were responsible for raising $2.2 million in illegal or improper contributions, or 79 percent of the money returned.

June 28, 1997

The Washington Post reports a CIA official who was detailed to the Commerce Department testified that he conducted "more than 30" intelligence briefings with DNC fund-raiser John Huang. Following these briefings, or the receipt of classified documents, Huang made numerous telephone calls to the Lippo Group, his former employer. Economic intelligence of the variety Huang received would have been "immensely valuable to a major international bank."

The Washington Post reports that the DNC returned another $1.4 million of illegal donations they had accepted during the 1996 presidential campaign cycle. The DNC claims it has returned $2.8 million to date this year. Of that $2.8 million three DNC fundraisers --- John Huang, Charlie Trie and Johnny Chung --- were responsible for raising $2.2 million in illegal or improper contributions, or 79 percent of the money returned.


June 30, 1997
The Los Angeles Times reports that former DNC Chairman Ron Brown led a 1991 fund-raising exploration mission to Taiwan, Hong Kong and Hawaii. The trip suggests that Brown may have been laying the groundwork for foreign fund-raising by the DNC. While in Taiwan, Brown was met by John Huang and attended a lunch hosted by the Lippo Group while in Hong Kong. During his visit to Hawaii, Brown went to a lunch with Nora and Gene Lum, who have since plead guilty to funneling illegal contributions to Democrat campaigns in 1994 and 1995.

Articles: Tom Brokaw "Interviews" Charlie Trie in Shanghai Rep. Solomon Takes off the Gloves, Blasts Chinese

FBI makes formal request to OIPR for FISA application. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99

* Decontamination work was completed at the Federal Nuclear Centre in Sarov, formerly the secret Soviet city of `Arzamas-16', scene of a massive radiation leak on June 17 that killed researcher Alexander Zakharov. Arzamas-16, as it was once known, was one of a number of ultra-secret cities built by the former Soviet regime for corral scientists working on highly advanced nuclear weapons systems. Secret weapons development continues there. Zakharov died at work in a special bunker at site No. 8, which according to local experts, is normally closed to all except a small number of persons dealing with the so-called `special devices'. For his experiment, which involved some kind of weapons test, Zakharov initiated a controlled nuclear chain reaction using small amounts of uranium.

Another Chernobyl Averted, Inter Presse Services, July 1, 1997

June 30-August, 1997

By June 30 the Department of Justice's Office of Intelligence Policy and Review (OIPR) received the FISA request draft from the FBI. OIPR Deputy Council Allan Kornblum immediately forwarded it to the court marked "important and urgent" ....Still the first warrant application was "deemed wanting in probable cause." There was a subsequent appeal which was also deemed inadequate to approve the warrants. FBI went round and round with Department of Justice Office of Intelligence Policy and Review until August 1997. After the third application was denied, OIPR did not hear back from the FBI for a year and a half - Congressional Report Blasts U.S. Inquiry of China's Nuclear Espionage 8/5/99


July, 1997

An Education and Training Delegation of the PLA Air Force headed by Lt. General Xu Qiliang, Chief of Staff of the PLA Air Force, visited the United States. – Chinese Embassy

Lt. General Wu Quanxu, Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the PLA, visited the US Pacific Command. – Chinese Embassy

A delegation from the Air War College of the U.S. Air Force University visited China. – Chinese Embassy

Second Briefing of White House by Sandy Berger re: China espionage

By then the investigation of Lee had devolved into a bureaucratic Byzantium. The Albuquerque agents filed their warrant request with the Justice Department in July 1997. Officials there concluded that the FBI did not have sufficient proof that Lee posed a national-security threat grave enough to merit a raid on his computer. Exasperated FBI authorities appealed to Attorney General Janet Reno, but she wouldn't budge. Attempts to get more goods on Lee turned up nothing. Says a veteran counterespionage investigator of China's spy network: "They're everywhere, but it's hard to catch them doing anything." Time 5/10/99 Romesh Ratnesar

July 1, 1997

In a letter to President Clinton, Rep. Gerald Solomon suggested John Huang's attendance at top security briefings may have put CIA informants' lives at risk. Solomon (R-N.Y.) asks Clinton to provide the names of administration officials with knowledge of Huang's briefings.

Chairman Dan Burton (R-Ind.) requested Administration assistance in "obtaining evidence" from President Clinton's friend and supporter, Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie, in connection with the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee's investigation of campaign fund-raising. In a letter to the President, Chairman Burton said Trie was subpoenaed in February. But, noting a recent NBC interview with Trie in Shanghai, the letter said Trie "has no intention of producing the documents called for by the subpoenas or of otherwise cooperating." Chairman Burton also referred to Trie's reportedly saying he has no plans to return to the U.S. and "could hide in Asia for the next ten years." The letter said that "very serious allegations concerning" Trie "require your assistance and that of the State Department in obtaining evidence." Chairman Burton requested that the President "instruct" State Secretary Albright to "formally petition" the Chinese government to "facilitate" Trie's return for questioning or make him available for deposition.

July 3, 1997

QUESTION: Ms. Reno, does a nuclear weapons charge against two Russian mafia arms dealers mean that there existed a reasonable expectation of delivery of a tactical nuclear weapon in this Customs sting recently concluded in Miami?

RENO: Again, that is a pending matter. So I really can't comment, other than what appears in the court record.

QUESTION: And I would follow by asking, is there any precedent for this charge in U.S. justice or in global law enforcement that you know about?

RENO: Again, I would not comment.

QUESTION: Can I just follow up on that? Is there any -- do you have any information that shows that this so-called nuclear weapon ever existed?

RENO: I cannot comment other than what has been made public so far. And I will ask Bert to give you any information that you may not have that's public.

QUESTION: In your function -- in your capacity as protector of the U.S. mainland -- homeland, do you think, Ms. -- you've heard this in the Congress recently -- do you believe that you have all of the resources that you need to prevent the importation and deployment of such weapons, nuclear weapons, for use as nuclear blackmail into this country?


July 4, 1997
The Washington Post reports that Bill Clinton and Al Gore volunteered "on their own" to solicit contributions by phone in 1995, according to a White House e-mail message. Federal law bans government employees from raising campaign money from federal property. Clinton has maintained that he "can't remember" if he made any such fund-raising calls. The Post also reports that a 1995 message from Clinton's secretary said that Clinton friend Vernon Jordan had called to say businessman Robert Meyerhoff would give $100,000 if Clinton phoned to "clinch" the donation. White House counsel Lanny Davis maintains that Clinton does not recall asking for a contribution and that the call could have been placed from the Oval Office.

First of three OIPR FISA drafts finished. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99

The Drudge Report says Newsweek's Michael Isikoff is on the trail of a second Paula Jones--this one inside the White House. Drudge doesn't identify the woman. 2/29/99

Monica Lewinsky has a "very emotional" visit with the President. The President scolded her: "It's illegal to threaten the President of the United States." 2/29/99

July 5, 1997
The Philadelphia Inquirer reports that Clinton's call to Meyerhoff was made in January 1996. Meyerhoff is listed in FEC records of making a $100,000 contribution to the Democrat Party in February 1996.

July 7, 1997

The Washington Post reports that the Jakarta-based Lippo Group's real estate holding company, Hip Hing Holdings Ltd., run by John Huang was used to funnel money from Indonesia into Democrat campaigns. The holding company received regular injections of foreign funds and gave about $79,000 in contributions.

The New York Times reports that Bill Clinton took a personal interest in the hiring of Huang by the DNC, going so far as to ask DNC Finance Chairman Marvin Rosen during a fund-raising event about the status of Huang's hiring.

24 Generals went to Sec Cohen’s office and resigned under protest Mike Reagan's Hot Topics 1999  Buffalo Six 

The Starbucks Massacre. Former White House intern Mary "Caity" Mahoney and two co-workers are killed execution style at the Starbucks Coffeeshop in Georgetown. Both Monica Lewinsky and George Stephanopolous are regulars there. When this event occurred, only the White House was aware it had an "intern problem." 2/29/99


July 8, 1997
Senate fund-raising hearings began. Chairman Fred Thompson said his committee has evidence of a Chinese government-sanctioned plan to influence American elections in ways that violate U.S. laws. Sen. John Glenn discloses that John Huang has offered to testify if given limited immunity.

July 9, 1997
Former DNC finance director Richard Sullivan, testifies before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee that John Huang was hired after both Bill Clinton and White House approval.

July 10, 1997
The Los Angeles Times notes that Attorney General Janet Reno has told the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee that she is against granting John Huang immunity to testify.

July 13, 1997
The Justice Department distanced itself from Sen. Thompson's assertions that China had a plan to influence U.S. elections. Senator John Glenn (d.) suggests the chairman's comments went too far. Thompson again voices doubt about granting immunity to John Huang.

July 14, 1997
Chairman Dan Burton (R-Ind.) requested Administration assistance in "obtaining evidence" from President Clinton's friend and supporter, Pauline Kanchanalak, in connection with the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee's investigation of illegal foreign campaign fund-raising. In a letter to the President, Chairman Burton called Kanchanalak "another central figure in the investigation." The letter told of Kanchanalak's $235,000 donation to the DNC which DNC officials later returned due to its questionable origin. Burton also noted Kanchanalak's close association with John Huang, another close friend of the President and central figure in the investigation. Chairman Burton asked the President to "help facilitate the return of Pauline Kanchanalak to the United States for questioning or, at a minimum, make her available for deposition by the Committee and its staff."

Articles: The Chinagate Hearings Campaign Finance Hearings New Revelations Committee Democrats Took Money from Panel Witnesses Opening Statement by Chairman Thompson - The Chinese Plan

July 15, 1997
GOP senators presented evidence that John Huang steered an illegal $50,000 contribution to the Democrats in 1992. Separately, Democratic Sen. Joseph Lieberman backs Sen. Thompson's statement that China tried to influence U.S. elections.

Just after Monica Lewinsky returns from an overseas trip, the President has her come to the White House to discuss Linda Tripp and Newsweek. 2/29/99

July 16, 1997

The Washington Times notes that Democrat members of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, investigating the DNC campaign fund-raising scandal, have said that they agree with Senator Fred Thompson's charge that China tried to influence the U.S. political process.

Former Undersecretary for International Trade Jeff Garten, states that John Huang was "totally unqualified in my judgment for the kind of Commerce Department we were establishing," during testimony to the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee.

July 17, 1997
Whitewater prosecutors issued subpoenas in search of documents at the Arkansas Security Department relating to a rural development bank where Hillary Rodham Clinton and White House senior advisor Mack McLarty served on the board of directors. The Southern Development Bancorporation and three of its subsidiaries, Opportunity Lands, Southern Ventures, Inc., and Arkansas Enterprise Group, were targeted by investigators this month. Last year, the Arkansas Development Finance Authority (ADFA) and the bank received subpoenas. In question is a chain of events involving Southern Development and the finance authority. In the 1980s when Bill Clinton was Arkansas' governor, a state-established corporation invested $300,000 in the bank corporation. Southern Development then borrowed $207,000 from ADFA in 1993, after Clinton was president. Three years later, in 1996, the bank corporation received $2 million in federal assistance from the Treasury Department. Rep. Spencer Bachus (R-Ala.), chairman of the House Banking investigative subcommittee, is questioning whether the Treasury Department exhibited favoritism when it allocated $2 million of $37 million available under a community development program to Southern Development.

July 20, 1997
The Los Angeles Times reports on the extraordinary efforts by the White House to place Charlie Trie on the Presidential Commission on U.S. Trade and Investment Policy. Clinton signed an executive order in January 1996, to expand the size of the commission so that Trie could be placed on it. The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) participated in getting Trie appointed to the commission. In papers prepared by USTR staff, claims were made that Trie, an owner of a Chinese restaurant, had "special expertise" and "substantial knowledge and/or experience" on U.S. trade barriers to Asian and Pacific markets.

July 21, 1997
Jane Huang, wife of John Huang, has invoked her Fifth Amendment right to not answer questions from Senate investigators according to The Associated Press.

Articles: Thompson's Critics Blink The Chinese Plan To Influence U.S. Elections Is Confirmed Spy Plot Thickens The Huang - Stephens - BCCI Connection Chairman Gerald Solomon -Treasury Department Using Dishonest Accounting -Was John Huang Debriefed?

Rep. James Traficant Speaks Out -Democrats Now Agree That Through John Huang, China Attempted to Influence American Politics

July 22, 1997

The Justice Department refuses to grant immunity to four Buddhist nuns who contributed to a 1996 illegal fund-raiser held at a Buddhist Temple and attended by Albert Gore Jr.

Reports surface that Jane Huang, wife of former Democratic fund-raiser John Huang, has taken the Fifth Amendment.

July 23,1997

The Senate Committee voted to immunize Keshi Zhan, Ng's Washington-based bookkeeper. However, because Zhan demonstrated an unwillingness to testify with any reasonable degree of candor (even with respect to the relatively noncontroversial issues on which she was questioned), the Committee elected to terminate her deposition and allow the Department of Justice to proceed with its investigation and possible criminal prosecution of Zhan.5

The Senate Governmental Affairs Committee votes to give immunity to four nuns from the Buddhist Temple.

* At a news conference in Moscow, U.S. Secretary of Energy Federico Peña announced that he and Russian Minister of Atomic Energy Viktor Mikhailov have signed a joint statement to add the Lytkarino Scientific Research Institute for Equipment to a joint U.S.-Russian nuclear weapons and materials protection and security program. Secretary Peña also signed a joint statement with Academician Velikov from the Kurchatov Institute to expand its cooperation with Department of Energy labs on nuclear safety, environmental protection, nuclear technology research and development, cessation of production of weapons usable material, plutonium disposition, and nuclear materials, protection and accounting. In Russia since Sunday, Secretary Peña also met with Prime Minister Chernomyrdin, First Deputy Prime Minister Boris Nemtsov, Minister of Natural Resources Victor Orlov, representatives of the Defense Council, and several members of the Duma. Department of Energy - News Release


July 24, 1997
The New York Times reports that documents turned over to Congressional investigators show that Bill Clinton was asked to make fund-raising calls. The documents include Clinton's characteristic left-handed check marks.

July 27, 1997
In an interview to the Los Angeles Times, Johnny Chung states he gave a $50,000 check to Margaret Williams, Hillary Clinton's chief of staff, while on White House grounds. Chung stated that aides of Hillary Clinton solicited him for the donation.

July 28, 1997

The Los Angeles Times reports that Chinese developer Ng Lap Seng gave more than $750,000 during the past three years to Charlie Trie who in turn channeled over $1.2 million in donations to the DNC and Clinton's legal defense fund.

In a letter addressed to all members of the House of Representatives, Government Reform and Oversight Committee Chairman Dan Burton (R-Ind.) expressed his concern today over a Democrat donor's statement that "The White House is like a subway -- you have to put coins in to open the gates." His "Dear Colleague" letter quoted the "subway" statement from a newspaper report about a California political contributor, Johnny Chung published the day before.

Article: China Wanted Clinton to win Election What China Got in Return

Drudge reports that Kathleen Willey is the woman Bill Clinton sexually harrassed inside the White House. Speculation about a Starbucks connection subsides on the Internet. 2/29/99

July 29, 1997
An FBI agent states, during testimony to the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, that Charlie Trie laundered around $220,000 to the DNC. Much of the source of the funds was from Trie's overseas Asian business partner Ng Lap Seng. In other testimony before the Committee, two Chinese immigrants described how they were reimbursed out of Trie's bank account for $28,000 in donations they made to the DNC, the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee and the re-election campaign of House Minority Leader Richard Gephardt.

July 30, 1997

White House documents released at the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee hearings show that Chinese businessman Ng Lap Seng (a.k.a. Mr. Wu) visited the White House 10 times between June 1994 and October 1996. The Washington Times reports that the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee had asked the White House to turn over documents relating to White House visits months ago.

Chairman Thompson publicly excoriated the White House on for its blatant efforts to manipulate the work of the Committee. The Chairman added that the Committee would no longer tolerate such improprieties, and that a subpoena had been prepared for the overdue White House document production. The Committee unanimously voted to issue the subpoena on July 31, 1997.

Chief Judge Norma Holloway Johnson of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia orders Keshi Zhan, Ng's Washington-based bookkeeper, to appear before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee for a deposition on August 14 and 15, 1997. However, because Zhan demonstrated an unwillingness to testify with any reasonable degree of candor (even with respect to the relatively noncontroversial issues on which she was questioned), the Committee elected to terminate her deposition and allow the Department of Justice to proceed with its investigation and possible criminal prosecution of Zhan.

Agency lawyers assert that the data storage disks and hard drives need to be destroyed to ensure Deutch's privacy. UPI 2/23/00

July 31, 1997
The Senate fund-raising committee votes unanimously to subpoena the White House for documents.


August 1997

General Fu Quanyou, Chief of the General Staff of the PLA, visited the United States. – Chinese Embassy

Michael Brown, the son of late Commerce Secretary Ron Brown, was allowed to plead guilty to a mere misdemeanor of illegally donating $4,000 to Sen. Edward M. Kennedy's 1994 campaign--in excess of the $2,000 legal limit for an individual donor. In 1993, Stewart Price, former president of Oklahoma-based Dynamic Energy Resources, testified to a Tulsa grand jury that Michael Brown was given a pro forma slot on Dynamic's board and $500,000 in stock and $160,000 in cash, in order to funnel the money to then- Commerce Secretary Ron Brown who would then "fix" a huge lawsuit for Dynamic.

"…With Berger now paying close attention, the White House became deeply involved in evaluating the seriousness of the thefts and solving the counterintelligence problems at the laboratories. Trulock's new findings came at a crucial moment in U.S.-China relations. Congress was examining the role of foreign money in the 1996 campaign, amid charges that Beijing had secretly funneled money into Democratic coffers. The administration was also moving to strengthen its strategic and commercial links with China. Clinton had already eased the commercial sale of supercomputers and satellite technology to China, and now he wanted to cement a nuclear cooperation agreement at the upcoming summit, enabling American companies to sell China new commercial nuclear reactors…." New York Times 3/06/99 Jeff Gerth

"…In August 1997, Berger flew to Beijing to prepare for the October summit. He assigned Samore, a senior NSC aide in charge of proliferation issues, to assess the damage from the Los Alamos spy case. After receiving a briefing from Trulock in August, Samore asked the CIA's directorate of intelligence to get a second opinion on how China had developed its smaller nuclear warheads. It was, an NSC aide said, "a quick study done at our request." …CIA officials strenuously deny that the agency's analysts intended to downplay Trulock's findings. The FBI inquiry was stalled. At a September 1997 meeting between FBI and Energy Department officials, Freeh concluded that the bureau did not have enough evidence to arrest the suspect, according to officials…. But the suspect was allowed to keep his job and retain his security clearances for more than a year after the meeting with Freeh, according to U.S. officials…. " New York Times 3/06/99 Jeff Gerth

In August 1997, FBI director Louis Freeh told the No. 2 official at the Energy Department that the investigation of Lee would not be jeopardized if the scientist were shifted to a less sensitive job, or if his security were lifted. But word of Freeh's assessment never reached Los Alamos, according to Browne, who took over as the lab's director in November of that year. "I never received any information regarding this ... and to my knowledge, neither has anyone else at the laboratory,'' Browne told the senators Wednesday. Browne called this perhaps the most serious communications breakdown involving the Lee case and said if he had known of the FBI's go-ahead he would have moved quickly to remove Lee from his job Associated Press 5/5/99 H. Josef Hebert

In August 1997, Reno denied the FBI permission to apply to a special federal court for a warrant to monitor the computer and tap the telephones of Los Alamos lab scientist Wen Ho Lee... In 1996, Reno reported 839 applications were made to the court, and all were approved! In 1997, all were OK'd save one (but not the Lee case). Reno turned down the FBI request to target Lee before it even got to the court. Augusta Chronicle 5/18/99 Editorial

FBI Director Freeh advised DOE Deputy Secretary Moler and Intelligence Chief Trulock that there was no longer any investigative need to keep Lee in place and that he could be moved to a less sensitive post. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99

August 4,1997

Newsweek reported that Linda Tripp, a former executive assistant in the counsel's office, described how she ran into Kathleen E. Willey in the White House shortly after Willey left an Oval Office appointment with Clinton in November 1993. Tripp said Willey told her that she had stepped from the Oval Office and into a private office with Clinton, where he kissed and fondled her. Tripp described Willey as "disheveled. Her face was red and her lipstick was off. She was flustered, happy and joyful," said Newsweek. Robert Bennett responds by saying that Linda Tripp "should not be believed."

The Associated Press reports that the group Judicial Watch, has obtained a DNC memo written by DNC Chairman Don Fowler to Clinton/Gore Cabinet members asking them to help re-elect Clinton/Gore in 1996. Attorney General Janet Reno was one of the Cabinet members to receive the memo. The [New York] Daily News reports that phone records turned over by the DNC to the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee show that Albert Gore Jr. made at least 48 fund-raising calls from his White House office.

Article: Senators Piece Together the link from China to Bill Clinton

August 5, 1997
President Clinton says he is "sick at heart" that the Democratic National Committee may have accepted overseas funds, and renews his call for a ban on soft money.

August 8, 1997
The Washington Post reports that DNC documents show that the DNC wanted Hillary Clinton to make at least 12 fund-raising calls and ask donors for $50,000 or $100,000, but the White House says she doesn't recall making any money appeals or being asked to do so. The documents, from the files of former Democratic finance director Richard Sullivan, include 12 so-called "call sheets" for the first lady, including one for fashion designer Ralph Lauren.

August 11 1997

Article:Pro-Clinton Web Site Financed by Chinese Communists?

O'Neil goes on extended annual leave. [re Deutch] UPI 2/23/00

August 12, 1997

White House officials acknowledged that Johnny Chung made a $25,000 donation to the "Back to Business Committee" at the request of Lynn Cutler, a friend of first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton. The group was set up to attack the Senate Whitewater hearings. The source of this donation has been determined to have originated from China. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

OIPR advised FBI that the FISA request was inadequate. OIPR's concerns about currency and sufficiency of evidence, and about "matrix" analysis were conveyed to FBI. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99

CIA technicians confirm the original data cards and hard disks have been destroyed. [re Deutch] UPI 2/23/00

August 14, 1997
E.O. 12924 Continued

On August 14, 1997, the FBI's National Security Division Director, John Lewis, sent a memo to FBI Director Louis Freeh explaining that OIPR had repeatedly refused to forward its warrant requests to the court- Congressional Report Blasts U.S. Inquiry of China's Nuclear Espionage 8/5/99

August 16, 1997

Russian covert nuclear test - Publications of the Center for Security Policy No 97-D 121 9/2/97


August 19, 1997

Acting on a Connecticut lawyer's complaint that Starr is too politically connected to investigate Bill and Hillary Clinton impartially, U.S. District Judge G. Thomas Eisele wrote in a recently released court paper that a possible conflict arose when Starr agreed to take a job at Pepperdine University in California. "Although the court would need more factual information to conclude that an actual conflict of interest exists, it is difficult to argue that Mr. Starr is not laboring under at least an appearance of conflict," Eisele said. Starr could not be investigated in Eisele's eastern Arkansas district, though, since a majority of its seven federal judges must agree to a referral. Four of those judges, citing personal ties to the Clintons, recused themselves from Whitewater matters. The others, according to The Associated Press, believed Eisele was motivated by politics.


Johnny Chung, in an interview with NBC News, states that an lobbyist for ICF Kaiser, who had worked for the Energy Department, suggested that a $25,000 donation to Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary's favorite charity would pave the way for O'Leary to meet with a Chinese petro-chemical industry official. Chung claimed that O'Leary would send someone from the Energy Department to pick up the check in exchange for the meeting. O'Leary would eventually become an employee of ICF Kaiser after her resignation. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

August 20, 1997

Landmark Legal Foundation wrote Attorney General Janet Reno to formally ask her to seek the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate possible bribery involving former Clinton Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary – Reagan Information Interchange

On August 20, 1997, the FBI took the unprecedented step of appealing the warrant rejections right to Attorney General Janet Reno; more delays ensued - Congressional Report Blasts U.S. Inquiry of China's Nuclear Espionage 8/5/99

John Lewis, head of FBI's National Security Division, mentions concern about the denial of the Lee FISA application to Attorney General Reno. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99

August 21, 1997

Senate investigators question disgraced political consultant Dick Morris for more than 11 hours.

The New York Post reports that Albert Gore Jr. billed taxpayers for at least two fund-raising calls he made from the White House. Gore previously claimed that he had used a campaign credit card to pay for the calls.

August 24, 1997

"…The trouble started in the spring of 1991, when a computer network manager at Portland State University in Oregon realized that his system had been penetrated by someone calling himself Phantomd. The cracker (not a hacker - hackers are good guys) didn't seem to be particularly clever in his ways of sneaking into the system. But he was amazingly persistent, often working 20 hours a day to break in. Month after month, he found new security holes in the network, which he used to gain access to other networks ranging from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to NASA, from the national research labs at Los Alamos to chipmaker Intel Corp. And everywhere he went, Phantomd, who later changed his handle to Infomaster, was able to plant secret" Trojan horse" programs that in turn collected vast amounts of data that he could use to raid still more networks…." – Dallas Morning News 8/24/97

August 25, 1997

In an article by Aviation Week & Space Technology it is reported that China is purchasing an advanced missile from Russia, which could be launched from the Sukhoi Su-27 supersonic aircraft, which China is also purchasing from Russia. The X-31 Mach 3 missile was developed by Zvezda-Strela, and when fired from high altitude has a range of up to 125 miles. The missile comes in anti-ship, anti-radar, and anti-AWACS versions. Aviation Week & Space Technology report (25 August 1997, page 17)/

August 26, 1997
The Associated Press reports that Albert Gore Jr. may have made as many as 20 fund-raising calls that were billed to taxpayers. In June 1997, the DNC reimbursed the government $24.20 to cover the costs of the calls.

August 27, 1997

Former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy was indicted by a federal grand jury for illegally accepting gifts and favors while a member of the Clinton cabinet, and trying to cover up those activities. He was indicted on 39 counts of illegally accepting gifts, trips and favors worth more than $35,000 from major businesses under the department's purview while he headed the agency in 1993 and 1994. He was also charged with lying to prosecutors and instructing an Agriculture Department employee to tamper with a document sought by investigators. Sixteen of the counts involve the Arkansas-based chicken-processing giant Tyson Foods. Other firms involved include Sun-Diamond Growers of California, a cooperative that produces raisins, prunes and other dried fruits, and Oglethorpe Power of Georgia.

Recently released documents from Albert Gore Jr., reveal that Gore made 56 fund-raising calls where he reached 46 people between November 1995 and May 1996. Gore asked that they each give between $25,000 and $100,000. The USA Today reports that $695,000 was given by those Gore called within a month of receiving the fund-raising calls.

Michael Brown, son of the late Commerce Secretary Ron Brown, pleaded guilty in U.S. District Court to a misdemeanor election-law violation. Brown admitted to making $4,000 in illegal contributions to the 1994 re-election campaign of Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.), exceeding the $2,000 legal limit for individual donors.

August 31, 1997
The Los Angeles Times reports that Bill Clinton's legal defense fund, with Clinton's knowledge, kept secret until after the November 1996 election the fact that it had returned $639,000 in questionable donations brought to it by DNC fund-raiser Charlie Trie.

Fall, 1997

DOE - The annual reports [Annual Report to the President on the Status of Safeguards and Security] for 1996 went out - USA Today 5/19/99 Peter Eisler

CIA Nonproliferation Center Director Gordon Oehler is forced into early retirement, reportedly under pressure from Talbott, who was angry about his briefings on Russian proliferation of weapons of mass destruction to Iran. - INSIGHT J Michael Waller 10/16/99


Late August – Early September, 1997

Dan Seikaly of the Executive Office for National Security within the Deputy Attorney General's office was asked to review the OIPR decision. After review, Seikaly concurred with OIPR's decision in late August or early September. – Thompson/Lieberman Report 8/99

September 1997
Linda Tripp begins taping her conversations with Monica Lewinsky.

General Dennis J. Reimer, Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army, visited China. – Chinese Embassy

Admiral Archie Clemins, Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Navy Pacific Fleet, visited China. – Chinese Embassy

Two warships from the US Navy Pacific Fleet paid a port call visit to China. – Chinese Embassy

A military legal delegation of the U.S. Army visited China. October, 1997 Admiral Jay L. Johnson, Chief of Naval Operations of the U.S. Navy, visited China. – Chinese Embassy

An Capstone Delegation from the National Defense University of the United States visited China. – Chinese Embassy

FBI Director Louis Freeh told Senior Energy Department officials that the bureau did not have enough evidence to arrest Lee, that there was no longer any investigative reason to keep him in a sensitive position. The DOE did not move Lee out of his post for another year.

The name-no-names whitewash by Ms. Reno's I.G. admits that Congress was not given two pieces of espionage information it should have had until September 1997 -- after the Senate investigators had all but closed shop and Democrats happily declared the Asian penetration unproven. - New York Times 7/16/99 William Safire

After FBI Director Louis Freeh endorses a Center for Strategic and International Studies report on Russian organized crime, high-ranking administration officials dismiss the bipartisan document.- INSIGHT J Michael Waller 10/16/99

INSIGHT Magazine 12/29/99 Kenneth Timmerman "….. The Chinese first demonstrated the dispenser in September 1997, successfully lofting two test satellites into orbit. Just two months later commercial launches began. . . . . Lockheed developed and built the dispenser system used by Motorola to deliver Iridium satellites from U.S. rockets. A company spokesman said that Lockheed had no direct dealings with the Chinese on the project, since all the licenses were held by Motorola.. . . . Motorola says the licenses it obtained from the Clinton administration allowed it to share data with the Chinese to ensure that the dispenser system worked. . . . . The company also has acknowledged that it supplied the Chinese with exploding bolts, which are used for stage separation -- another key rocket technology incorporated into the DF-31….."


September l, 1997

A new, improved Long March rocket carried out a test flight carrying two "simulation Iridium satellites."

Bob Woodward of the Washington Post reported that A simple check of DNC records revealed that Al Gore's phone calls from the White House raised "hard money," spent directly in the re-election effort.

September 3, 1997

The Washington Post reports that more than $120,000 Albert Gore Jr. raised through fund- raising calls went into a DNC "hard money" account limited by federal law. Federal law strictly regulates the raising of "hard money," including the restriction of soliciting it from federal property.

U.S. Representatives Dan Burton (R-IN) and Pete Sessions (R-TX) expressed outrage as they released an audit report illustrating the Department of Defense's inability to account for almost $100 billion in taxpayer-owned property. The DoD Inspector General concluded after a lengthy audit that the DoD failed to completely and/or accurately track government property in the custody of government contractors.

The Justice Department begins a preliminary examination into Albert Gore Jr. fund-raising calls from federal property, a first step in the possible appointment of an independent counsel to investigate the 1996 presidential election.

September 4, 1997

In testimony before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, three Buddhist nuns admit that they destroyed documents relating to a fund-raising event at their Buddhist Temple, attended by Albert Gore Jr.

Steven Dolley, Research Director for Nuclear Control Institute, issues a brief concerning China and nuclear proliferation that concludes the following:

......China Has Not Implemented required Export Controls (China promised former Secretary of State Warren Christopher in November 1996 that it would set up an export-control system, and the Clinton Administration has stated that implementation of such a system will be required if U.S.-Chinese nuclear trade is to expand). . Secretary of State Madeleine Albright stated in April that "[w]e remain concerned ... about the adequacy of China's export control system. Difficulties have arisen, for example, over Chinese exports of arms as well as sensitive goods and technologies to Iran and Pakistan."."

......China Has Diverted U.S. Exports to Military Use ".Concerns that China might fail to keep promises not to use U.S.- origin nuclear technology for military purposes are justified by its misuse of U.S. non- nuclear exports. China has already diverted certain U.S.- origin non-nuclear "dual-use" technology to military applications. In 1994, China imported U.S. machine tools for what it claimed were civilian purposes. In fact, these tools were diverted to a missile factory. Commerce Department investigators urged sanctions, but higher level officials rejected sanctions in favor of continuing a constructive- engagement approach. In June 1997, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright protested China's illegal diversion of a Sun Microsystems supercomputer to a facility doing military research. A National Security Council official reported that "there were no formal military or intelligence investigations" of possible computer technology diversions by China."

.......China Assists Proliferant States "A CIA report concluded that, in the second half of 1996, "China was the single most important supplier of equipment and technology for weapons of mass destruction" worldwide.This dubious honor reflects a pattern of Chinese export misbehavior that has continued for decades. " Nations assisted include Algeria, Argentina, India, Iran, Iraq, North Korea, and Pakistan.

September 5, 1997
Eric Holder was publicly installed as deputy Attorney to Reno. Holder replaced Jamie Gorelick, Gorelick resigned after the Clinton White House did not select her for one of several rumored cabinet-level positions.

September 8, 1997

* "MOSCOW, (Itar-Tass). Leonid Nevzlin, man No. 2 in the Russian MENATEP bank, was appointed No 2 head of the Russian state-run information agency ITAR-TASS and was presented to the staff on Monday. Nevzlin, 37, became ITAR-TASS first deputy Director General according to a government resolution signed by Prime minister Viktor Chernomyrdin and replaced Yuri Poroikov, 62. Nevzlin, first deputy chairman of the Board of Directors of the MENATEP group, has been working in the bank since 1987 and was one of the founders of that major Russian financial institution."


September 9, 1997
Former Democratic Party chairman Don Fowler told the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee that then- White House Deputy Chief of Staff Harold Ickes effectively ran the party's fund-raising operation in 1996. Fowler also stated that "he did not recall" the documented conversations with the CIA.

September 10, 1997

Former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy pleaded not guilty to charges that he illegally accepted gifts and favors from agribusinesses while a member of the Clinton Cabinet, and then tried to cover up what he had done. If convicted on all counts Espy faces a maximum term of more than 100 years in prison.

The New York Times reports that the DNC routinely put the first $20,000 of many "soft money" contributions into "hard money" accounts without consulting the donors. Over $2 million was put into "hard money" accounts this way, and many donors went over the legal hard money donation limit because they already contributed the maximum "hard money" amount.

The Senate Governmental Affairs Committee releases a memo from the DNC's chief financial officer, which shows that the first $20,000 of large contributions is delivered into the DNC's "hard money" account. The memo was stamped "the president has seen this," and Albert Gore Jr.'s spokesperson stated that Gore may have seen the memo. Both Clinton and Gore claim that they were raising "soft money" not "hard money."

September 11, 1997
In testimony before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, National Security Advisor Sandy Berger states that foreign visitors regularly attended White House meetings with Bill Clinton without background checks into their pasts. He also testified that he saw no evidence of "extraneous influences" on the Clinton Administration's foreign policy, despite visits to the White House by some questionable characters with overseas interests.Under questioning by Thompson, Berger defended his participation in weekly campaign strategy meetings during the Clinton re-election effort last year. Republicans also questioned Berger about a picture that was taken of him and international businessman Eric Hotung whose wife gave substantial contributions to the Democratic National Committee (DNC). She is a U.S. citizen, but he is not. The meeting and photograph were requested by DNC chairman Don Fowler.

September 12, 1997
The Washington Post reports that senators were briefed by Janet Reno, and other government officials, on evidence that China made political contributions through Los Angeles businessman Ted Sioeng to influence U.S. elections.

September 15, 1997
Paula Jones was notified that she and her husband are the focus of an Internal Revenue Service audit.

September 16, 1997
In testimony before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, Karl Jackson, director of John Hopkins University Southeast Asia program, states that John Huang made an explicit appeal for money to help re- elect Bill Clinton at a White House coffee where Clinton was in attendance.

September 17, 1997

In a shakeup, the attorney general taps senior FBI investigator Charles La Bella to take over the Justice Department's probe of alleged campaign fund-raising abuses, and announces that new investigators will be added to the 90 already working on the case.

Sheila Heslin, a former National Security Council official, told how a major contributor used large donations to override concerns about his controversial past and gain access to the White House on six different occasions, once even getting the chance to lobby President Clinton directly. In a detailed account that offered a rare glimpse of just how access is won in Washington, Heslin told the panel that officials from the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Energy and the Democratic National Committee (DNC) all pressured her to drop her objections to granting White House access to Roger Tamraz, an international oil financier she had determined was "shady and untrustworthy." Heslin said she was pointedly told that Tamraz had given the Democrats at least $200,000 and would give double that again if he could meet the president to discuss his proposal for building an oil pipeline across the Caspian Sea. The fact that Tamraz did get access to Clinton and assistance from senior administration officials struck Republicans as evidence that the administration was auctioning off policy decisions. "This makes it clear that foreign policy was for sale," said Sen. Don Nickles, R-Okla

September 18, 1997
Before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, businessman Roger Tamraz testifies that he donated hundreds of thousands of dollars to receive access to senior government officials. Tamraz states he would do it again and give even more.

September 19, 1997

Attorney General Janet Reno orders a 90-day investigation of former Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary. Democrat fund-raiser Johnny Chung stated that O'Leary solicited a donation to a charitable cause in exchange for a meeting with a Chinese petro-chemical industry official.

Businessman Warren Meddoff testifies before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee that former White House deputy chief of staff, Harold Ickes, asked him to shred documents relating to a solicitation for money. Meddoff gave Bill Clinton a business card that stated that one of Meddoff's associates wanted to donate $5 million to Clinton's campaign. However, the donor was looking for a tax-deductible donation. Ickes faxed Meddoff a list of tax exempt organizations the money could be given to. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

September 21, 1997
According to the Los Angeles Times, the Justice Department is in the beginning stages of a 30-day review of Bill Clinton's campaign fund-raising calls from the White House. This is the first step in the possible appointment of an independent counsel.

* "Local authorities in the Nenets autonomous region annulled the results of a tender won by Exxon Corp. last month.

Talks between YUKOS , Russia's second biggest oil firm, and Amoco Corp. on jointly developing the huge Priobskoye deposit are close to an impasse. The deal could be worth $26 billion over its 58-year lifespan.

Nemtsov said the government had set up a commission to look into the Exxon annulment issue in October. Westerners eyeing Russia's oil fear the YUKOS/Amoco problems are a sign that newly-formed Russian energy companies are convinced they can go it alone on major projects, without foreign backing." Mike Collett-White, Russian minister says oil sector on the mend. , Reuters Business Report, 09-21-1997.

September 22, 1997
The New York Times reports that Justice Department investigators have documents which show that Bill Clinton was asked to make as many as 40 fund-raising calls from the White House to contributors. The figure is nearly three times as many requests for fund-raising calls than the White House had previously made known.

Chinese Agent Influenced U.S. Elections - Sen. Specter

September 23, 1997

According to The New York Times, an October 1994 memorandum shows that Bill Clinton made a fund-raising call from the White House to California businessman John Torkelsen, who later donated $50,000 to the DNC.

The White House goes on the offensive in making its case that Attorney General Janet Reno not call for an independent counsel to investigate allegations of campaign fund-raising irregularities. Sources tell CNN the new strategy was designed to put countervailing pressure on Reno. Republicans are threatening to begin impeachment proceedings against her unless she calls for an independent counsel. "People should just give her the space and let her make a decision," White House press secretary Mike McCurry said.

September 24, 1997
The House Gov. & Oversight Committee members voted 37-0 to grant immunity to Manlin Foung, Joseph Landon and David Wang. The vote followed a letter from the Justice Department stating that it had no objection to the Committee's request.

Hazel O'Leary Denied publicly that she "participated in or authorized any other person to undertake a solicitation or receipt of a charitable contribution in return for a meeting" with the Chinese officials Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

September 25, 1997
The USA Today reports that a May 9, 1994 White House memorandum shows that Bill Clinton was having White House breakfasts to raise campaign funds. These events substantially pre-date the White House coffees and telephone calls at the heart of the fund raising controversy.

September 25, 1997

The GAO issued it's report #GAO/RCED-97-229 titled DOE Needs to Improve Controls Over Foreign Visitors to Weapons Laboratories concluding that DOE's procedures for obtaining background checks and controlling the dissemination of sensitive information were not effective and were not being enforced. In addition, the following other concerns were raised:

* "At two of the laboratories, background checks are conducted on only about 5 percent of the foreign visitors from countries that DOE views as sensitive."

* "GAO's review of available data from DOE and the Federal Bureau of Investigation showed that some of the individuals without background checks had suspected foreign intelligence connections."

* "DOE's procedures lack clear criteria for identifying visits that involve sensitive subjects and process controls to help ensure that these visits are identified. As a result, sensitive subjects may have been discussed with foreign nationals without DOE's knowledge and approval.

* "DOE's security controls, such as access restrictions, in the areas most visited by foreign nationals do not preclude their obtaining access to sensitive information, and problems with the control of this information--such as sensitive information being left in an openhallway accessible to foreign visitors--have occurred at the laboratories."

* "DOE has not evaluated the effectiveness of the security controls over this information in those areas most frequented by foreign visitors."

* "The DOE headquarters and laboratory counterintelligence programs are key activities for identifying and mitigating foreign intelligence efforts, but these programs have lacked comprehensive threat assessments, which identify likely facilities, technologies, and programs targeted by foreign intelligence."

In its written response to the report, DOE had no comments on the general nature of the facts presented in the draft report and concurred with all the recommendations. DOE believed, however, that the report overstated the value of background checks on foreign visitors.

September 26, 1997
According to the Los Angeles Times, Harold Ickes told federal authorities that he saw Bill Clinton make fund-raising calls from the White House.

September 30, 1997

(Determination #97-36):$60,000,000 (to finance the export of goods & services for the construction of Shanghai Metro Phase II).

October, 1997

A classified CIA report concludes that China had provided Iran with missile guidance components and technology.

Hoyt Zia, who oversaw sensitive US exports to China for the Commerce Dept., admitted under oath in a Judicial Watch deposition that he called John Huang when Huang was being sought by US Marshals. – Judicial Watch

An Delegation Capstone from the National Defense University of the PLA led by Lt.General He Daoquan, Deputy President of the NDU, visited the United States. – Chinese Embassy

Drudge (on Putnam/KIEV) just now reported that Clinton was in fact briefed on the Chinese espionage matter in July of 1997 (per Berger changing his earlier testimony that Clinton wasn't informed until eary 1998) and then, at a state dinner in Washington in October of 1997 gave that famous toast to the Chinese on a new era of joint China/US cooperation working together toward the new millenia EVEN THOUGH HE HAD BEEN BRIEFED 3 - 4 MONTHS EARLIER THAT CHINA HAD STOLEN US NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND MISSILE TECHNOLOGY. Drudge said he had just connected these particular....How can Clinton possibly defend what he said and did at the October 97 dinner when HE KNEW ... in July 97 that the government he was toasting was stealing us blind on national security. The only conclusion possible is that Clinton knew but wasn't about to do anything about it BECAUSE (blackmail, ideology, Chinese illegeal campaign contributions--take your pick). - Drudge on Putnum/KIEV Freeper Czar 5/28/99

In October 1997, CASIL acquired a 14.71-percent interest in Asia Pacific Telecommunications Satellite Holdings Ltd., a listed company in Hong Kong and New York. APT was founded in 1992, with investors from Hong Kong and Thailand, to own and operate a network of telecommunications satellites. The company now operates two Hughes HS 376 satellites (Apstar-1 and Apstar-1A), and one Space Systems Loral FS-1300 satellite (Apstar IIR), launched between 1994 and October 1997. "The powerful APT...has the largest synchronous satellite transponder capacity available in the Asia-Pacific region," according to a U. S. government cable from Hong Kong obtained by TAS. - American Spectator 8/99 Kenneth Timmerman

In a letter in October, 1997, after her task force had been investigating for about a year, the attorney general had already decided that the practices that had first raised the biggest questions about the Democrats, among them the use of the White House as a fund-raising tool, did not merit an independent counsel. - NEW YORK TIMES 3/11/00 David Johnston Don Van Natta Jr

October 1, 1997
Michael Imbroscio of the White House Counsel's office revealed to Committee Counsel Donald Bucklin that he had discovered the existence of videotapes of several coffees and other events attended by the President.

October 2, 1997
White House counsel Charles Ruff attended a meeting with Attorney General Janet Reno , however, he did not inform her of the discovery of the videotapes, even though he knew that Reno was preparing a letter to House Judiciary Committee Chairman Henry Hyde addressing Hyde's recommendation that several allegations of White House fundraising improprieties (to which the videotapes proved to be relevant) necessitated the appointment of an independent counsel.

O'Neil retires from the CIA. [re Deutch] UPI 2/23/00

October 3, 1997

The Washington Post reports that Attorney General Janet Reno will extend for 60 days the Justice Department's preliminary investigation into Gore's fund-raising phone calls from the White House. The investigation is the next step in an appointment of an independent counsel. .

Janet Reno states in a letter to Chairman Hyde that she found that the evidence against President Clinton did not call for any action under the Independent counsel statute. .

U.S. District Judge Susan Webber Wright dismissed a lawsuit against Whitewater prosecutor Kenneth Starr that accused the independent counsel of improprieties and conflicts of interest. The suit was filed by Francis Mandanici, of Connecticut. Wright ruled that the case was without merit, saying, "No one who has objectively considered the matter seriously disputes that Mr. Mandanici is on a personal crusade to discredit the independent counsel." Mandanici had no comment. .

October 4, 1997
The New York Times reports that DNC officials arranged for large donors to stay overnight at the White House in the Lincoln Bedroom as a reward for the contributions.

October 5, 1997
The White House releases videotapes of the White House coffees where Bill Clinton met campaign contributors. For months the White House had denied to congressional investigators the existence of videotapes of President Clinton at forty-four White House coffees and sixty-six additional videotapes of hundreds of other fundraising events attended by the President.

October 7, 1997
Partisan venting consumed the Senate fund-raising hearings, as furious Republicans roundly criticized the White House and Attorney General Janet Reno over the belated discovery of 44 videotapes of the controversial White House coffees. Sen. Fred Thompson, the committee's chairman, opened the day's session with a remarkable 30-minute statement railing against what he called the White House's stonewalling tactics. "It is clear that the White House is trying to run out the clock on this committee; there is a clear pattern of delay, foot-dragging, concealing with regard to this committee," Thompson said. Sen. Pete Domenici (R-N.M.) questioned Reno's truthfulness and suggested she be fired. "The attorney general is so inconsistent with her statements that I share with you a concern that the president of the United States ought to relieve her of her responsibility,"

October 13, 1997

A Time magazine aricle details a secret financial alliance between the party and the re-election campaign of Teamster president Ron Carey. The trade-off, as proposed by Carey aides, boiled down to this: the Teamsters would deliver $1 million to the party's state branches around the country, and in exchange the party would tap its donors to provide Carey with $100,000 for his re-election bid. The true purpose: to funnel cash from the Teamster treasury into Carey's campaign, an illegal act that had to be done circuitously to avoid detection. Chicago businessman Mark Thomann, who worked for the D.N.C. as a fund raiser in 1996, told TIME that he was directed by the party's finance chief to deliver to the Carey team $100,000 from a foreign donor and that he was pressured to follow through by a Teamster lawyer sent his way by D.N.C. officials in Washington. The sweetheart deal had its roots in a June 1996 fund raiser at the palatial San Francisco home of Senator Dianne Feinstein and her financier husband Richard Blum. The $25,000-a- couple dinner has already gained notoriety because of its guest list, a power lineup including President Clinton, top party and Administration officials, even Asian-American fund raiser John Huang. .

The director of the Paula Jones Legal Fund complained in court documents that she is being "terrorized" by "Watergate style" break-ins of the fund's offices and computers. Hays says some of the bizarre telephone disruptions occurred while on the line with the U.S. Attorney's office and it was that that prompted the FBI's involvement. .

October 14, 1997

Attorney General Janet Reno extends the Justice Department's inquiry to determine whether an independent counsel should be appointed to investigate the president. .

Associated Press: The state medical examiner's office is investigating the death of an Oklahoman who tape-recorded business dealings with a controversial husband-wife team of Democratic fund-raisers. Ron Miller, 58, of Norman died Sunday at Integris Baptist Medical Center, where he had been taken last week after becoming ill at home Oct. 3. Kevin Rowland, chief investigator for the state medical examiner's office, said the case was turned over to the state because the hospital said the death was not fully explainable. Miller owned Gage Corp., an energy company that was sold in 1993 to Dynamic Energy Resources Inc. in a transaction studied by federal and state investigators. Nora Lum, the chief executive of Tulsa-based Dynamic Energy, and her husband, Gene, were sentenced last month to 10 months confinement and $30,000 fines apiece after admitting to using ''straw donors'' to conceal their $50,000 in illegal contributions. The money went to the re-election effort of Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., and the unsuccessful congressional candidacy of W. Stuart Price of Oklahoma in 1994 and 1995. Miller tape- recorded phone conversations he had in recent years involving his business dealings with the Lums and their associates. More than 150 tapes have been given to the FBI. A friend and business partner said Miller's death was surprising. ''He went from being healthy to dying in a week.'' .

October 16, 1997
Time Magagzine reported that Molten Metal Technology was a fledgling environmental firm which had landed $1 million in Energy Department grants. In March 1994, the company hit pay dirt, and so did two of Vice President Al Gore's special interests. On March 22, Molten chief Bill Haney's charitable foundation gave $50,000 to a professorship at the University of Tennessee, named for Gore's late sister. On March 24, the Energy Department increased Molten's research funding from $1 million to $10 million. That same day, Molten sent the Democratic Party a $15,000 check, part of $130,000 in total gifts from the company or its officers through 1996.

October 17, 1997
Senate Governmental Affairs Committee Chairman Fred Thompson (R-TN) and House Government Reform and Oversight Committee Chairman Dan Burton (R-IN) announced that the Senate Committee plans to conduct hearings on the White House's delayed production of videotapes, while the House Committee will follow up with hearings later. "At our hearings next week," Thompson said, "we will try to determine who should be held accountable for the repeated denial by the White House that hundreds of subpoenaed tapes existed. I know that Chairman Burton joins me in assuring the White House that our Committees will work together diligently to discover the truth, however long that takes."

October 18, 1997
Motorola announced that it would double its investment in China to $2.5 billion over the next three years.


October 21, 1997
The South China Morning Post reported that "Red chip China Aerospace International Holding (CAIH) says its parent, China Aerospace Corp., has taken a stake of about 4% in a project to build a satellite transmission equipment system for $80 million. The system, jointly built by various companies including Motorola, would deliver a total of 66 satellites for transmission purposes."

October 22, 1997

* The "early retirement" of the CIA official in charge of writing reports showing Russia and China to be the world's worst arms proliferators was probably forced because the reports ran against official policy. That's how arms-watchers across the political spectrum view the sudden departure of CIA Nonproliferation Center Director Gordon Oehler, the New York Times reports. One of the House's top experts on nuclear proliferation, Rep. Curt Weldon (R-Penn.), ...cites potential "politicization of intelligence" and the impression that Oehler had been forced out because he had been "honest and forthcoming" in briefing Congress on Chinese and Russian weapons proliferation "to countries like Iran and Pakistan." "This is a watershed event and I'm going to make this a test case," Weldon tells the New York Times. "It's a pattern by this administration. When it gets information that runs counter to the policy, they try to destroy the person that brings the message." Russia Reform Monitor, No. 334, October 31, 1997

October 23, 1997

The Associated Press reports that a memo from April 8, 1996, turned over this week to the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, noted that the White House audio-visual agency would be recording political events. The committee has been trying to determine why videotapes subpoenaed in April where not turned over until Oct. 5, 1997.

The USA Today reports that the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee will send a letter to Attorney General Janet Reno asking for the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate whether Bill Clinton evaded presidential campaign spending limits by orchestrating a $45 million DNC advertising campaign.

October 24, 1997
Evidence turned over to investigators indicates that Bill Clinton made fund-raising calls from the White House. According to The Associated Press, union leader Dennis Rivera, Indian tribal chief Richard Hayward and IVAX Corp. Chairman Philip Frost were among the people Clinton called.

Yahoo! News 10/24/97 Sid Balman Jr. "…Although Clinton will give American companies a green light to launch what by all accounts will be a breakneck sales effort in China, U.S. officials say he will still retain the ability to block any particular contract by requiring the Commerce and Treasury Departments to issue licenses. That way, they say the president can stop the atomic trade should evidence surface that China is violating its fresh guarantees. …He says the atomic trade with China will create 25,000 new American jobs and help the Clinton administration meet several of its foreign policy goals, such as engaging Beijing, discouraging reliance on coal and promoting the construction of safe nuclear reactors…."

Jonathan Fox an attorney on the arms-control staff of the Defense Special Weapons Agency, wrote a memo stating with certainty that China was a nuclear proliferator and that the proposed arrangement was "a technology transfer agreement swaddled in the comforting yet misleading terminology of a confidence-building measure." On Oct. 24, 1997, Mr. Fox was called out of an interagency meeting to receive an urgent telephone call. According to three people to whom he gave a contemporaneous account of the phone conversation, he was given an ultimatum from superiors in the Office of Non-Proliferation Policy in the Department of Defense: either revise the memo and recommend in favor of the agreement, or look elsewhere for employment. Within an hour, all the critical language had been deleted, and the memo now simply concluded that the agreement "is not inimical to the common defense or the security of the United States." Worried that his earlier draft might fall into unfriendly hands, Mr. Fox's superiors insisted that somebody else sign the new memo - Wall Street Journal 6/10/99 Michael Ledeen

* The House International Relations Committee unanimously passes a bill (H.R. 2709)--opposed by the administration--to impose sanctions on Russia for helping build Iran's nuclear and missile programs. "It is clear that Russia has already provided Iran with critical know-how and technological support," says Chairman Benjamin Gilman, who argues that immediate action is required "to prevent Iran from achieving a significant advance in its missile program." The bill narrowly targets specific entities in Russia found to be aiding the Iranian programs. Russia Reform Monitor, No. 334, October 31, 1997

October 25, 1997

The White House declined Chairman Fred Thompson's invitation for the president to testify before Congress. .

The Justice Department opened a preliminary investigation into Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt's rejection of three Wisconsin Indian tribes' application to open a new casino. Questions have been raised as to whether the White House may have pressured Babbitt to kill the casino, which was opposed by three other Indian tribes that later contributed more than $270,000 to the Democratic Party. .

October 27, 1997

The Los Angeles Times reports that DNC contributors Arief and Soraya Wiriadinata, who gave $450,000 in questionable contributions to the Democrats during the 1996 election, have told Senate investigators a contradicting account than that offered by DNC officials. The Wiriadinatas stated that all the donations were solicited or recommended by DNC fund-raiser John Huang. The Wiriadinatas claim that Huang had promised to arrange meetings with important Asian Americans for them in return for the donations. The Wiriadinatas made their first donation when Huang was legally prohibited from soliciting campaign contributions while working at the Commerce Department. Both DNC and White House officials claimed that the Wiriadinatas contributed as a result of a get-well note sent by Clinton to Mrs. Wiriadinata's father, Hashim Ning, who was recovering from a heart attack that happened during a visit to the United States in 1995.

Newsweek magazine reports that investment banker Richard Jenrette told Newsweek about a telephone call he received on October 18 from Clinton asking for a donation. A week later Jenrette sent the DNC $50,000.

The chairmen of two powerful Senate committees wrote to President Bill Clinton expressing concern that the White House is preparing to lift a ban on sale of nuclear power technology to China. "We believe that implementation of this agreement, now or in the immediate future, would be premature at a time when China continues its destabilizing transfers of nuclear, missile, chemical and biological weapons technology, and advanced conventional weapons," said the letter signed by Sen. Jesse Helms, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and Sen. Richard Shelby, head of the Select Committee on Intelligence. .

As Clinton prepared to meet with President Jiang Zemin 1997
"…In 1997, as Clinton prepared to meet with President Jiang Zemin of China, he asked the CIA for a quick alternative analysis of the issue. The agency found that China had stolen secrets from Los Alamos but differed with the Energy Department over the significance of the spying. …." New York Times 3/06/99 Jeff Gerth

October 26, 1997

London Telegraph 10/26/97 Ivo Dawnay "…THE mysterious resignation of a top CIA official has provoked charges that the United States Government is hushing up politically embarrassing disclosures of nuclear skullduggery by China and Russia. By the time China's President Jiang Zemin arrives in Honolulu today for an eight-day state visit, Gordon Oehler will have cleared his desk at the Non-Proliferation Centre at the CIA's headquarters in Langley, Virginia. Yet just a week ago, Mr Oehler, who was responsible for co-ordinating all American intelligence gathering on nuclear arms sales, was assuring Congressman Curt Weldon, the chairman of the House National Security Committee, that he had no intention of quitting. Less than 24 hours later, he had gone, claiming that he had been driven to resignation by plans to cut the budget and responsibilities of his department and by endless interdepartmental battles over what information should be passed on to the public and Congress. The departure of Mr Oehler, a 25-year career CIA officer, may have little to do with President Jiang's visit directly. But it will certainly be welcomed by military chiefs in Beijing and by China's burgeoning arms export industry…."

October 27, 1997

* Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu tells Foreign Minister Primakov that Jerusalem will oppose further Russian involvement in the Middle East peace process as long as Moscow helps Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs, wire services report. Primakov calls such suspicions "baseless."

* A federal grand jury is investigating an apparently illegal sale of IBM supercomputers to a Russian nuclear weapons lab, the New York Times reports. Atomic Energy Minister Viktor Mikhailov says the Clinton administration promised him supercomputers in exchange for Russia's signing of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, but the administration denies it.

Russia Reform Monitor, No. 334, October 31, 1997

October 28, 1997

"…Craftily, ever so craftily, President Clinton is deceiving the American public about a critical danger to world security: China's international sales of the matériel and technology of nuclear warfare. The motive is to allow China to buy American nuclear matériel and information, including advanced U.S. nuclear reactor technology -- as U.S. nuclear manufacturers are urging. No previous President, and not even Mr. Clinton himself until now, would take the step required to permit Chinese nuclear shopping in America -- certifying that China was not illicitly peddling its own nuclear goods abroad. The U.S. knew that was not true. The U.S. knew that despite Beijing's denials and pledges, for more than a decade China has made important nuclear sales to countries intent on achieving capability to make nuclear bombs. Under a 1985 U.S. law, nations illegally proliferating nuclear matériel and technology are subject to American sanctions. They are also forbidden to buy U.S. nuclear products and technology. Now Mr. Clinton is ready to permit American nuclear sales to China. So last Friday, in his speech setting the stage for the state visit of President Jiang Zemin, he made this statement: "China has lived up to its pledge not to assist unsafeguarded nuclear facilities in third countries, and it is developing a system of export controls to prevent the transfer or sale of technology for weapons of mass destruction." Neither part of that sentence is honest…." The New York Times 10/28/97 A.M. ROSENTHAL

"…Two days before Chinese President Jiang Zemin arrives in Washington for a summit meeting with President Clinton at which the nuclear proliferation issue is to be discussed, Sens. Richard C. Shelby (R-Ala.) and Jesse Helms (R-N.C.) said in a joint letter to the White House that China's record of assistance to the Pakistani program remains worrisome enough for Clinton to withhold a planned certification enabling China to buy U.S. nuclear reactors. …The unclassified CIA report provided no details about the nature of the Chinese assistance or the Pakistani entities that received the aid, and a senior administration official said yesterday that its loose language had been misinterpreted by the lawmakers. He said that the passage in question referred only to China's assistance to a Pakistani civilian nuclear reactor at Chasma, southwest of Islamabad -- a reactor that will be subject to international monitoring. The official said that therefore it does not violate the May 1996 pledge. Nor, he added, does the administration have any other information to conclude China has violated its commitments on the issue, a circumstance that he said formed the basis for Clinton's statement in a speech on Friday that China has "lived up to its pledge." But another administration official who is familiar with the classified data on which the report is based said the CIA's wording was meant to encompass both Beijing's well-known assistance to Chasma and sensitive but less definitive CIA data about apparent, covert Chinese aid to Pakistani nuclear facilities that are not subject to monitoring. …" Washington Post 10/28/97 Jeffrey Smith


October 29, 1997
President Bill Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin today announced a pact giving China access to U.S. nuclear power plant technology. After 2 1/2 hours of talks with the Chinese leader, Clinton told a news conference he intends to certify China as not exporting nuclear technology for weapons development by other countries, a move that also clears the way for U.S. companies to sell nuclear power technology to the Chinese. – see DOE announcement

October 30, 1997
The Washington Times reports that the DNC has returned a $100,000 donation made by Global Resources Management, Inc., of Ohio. One of the shareholders of the company, an Egyptian, stated that the $100,000 donation came from funds he brought to the company. It is generally illegal for noncitizens to give political donations. .

October 31, 1997
The Washington Times reports that a White House memo just turned over to House investigators indicates that Clinton wanted to share information from a White House database, which listed 100,000 individuals, with the DNC. White House associate counsel Cheryl Mills issued a warning on Jan. 17, 1994, against using the database for political purposes. .


October-November, 1997

An agreement to hold defense consultative talks between senior officials of the two defense departments was reached by the two heads of state of China and the U.S. during President Jiang Zhemin's state visit to the United States

November, 1997

Harold Worden, retired Eastman Kodak manager, pleaded guilty to peddling trade secrets to Kodak officials who were posing a Chinese agents.

Clinton urged Taipei to negotiate with China.

Congressman Bob Barr (R-Ga.), joined by 17 of his colleagues files H. Res. 304, calling upon the House of Representatives to undertake an inquiry of impeachment. 3/25/99 Joel Skousen "…President Clinton signed a top-secret Presidential Decision Directive (PDD-60) directing U.S. military commanders to abandon the time-honored nuclear deterrence of "launch on warning."...Launch on Warning takes advantage of the fact that long-range ballistic missiles take time to arrive on target -- up to 25 minutes, depending on where the missiles are fired from. If the Russians were to launch a first strike, our satellites would detect and confirm that launch within seconds. In a Launch on Warning doctrine, our missiles (if on alert status) could be launched before the Russian or Chinese missiles hit our silos. There is also time to retarget our missiles so that they are not wasted on Russian silos that are now empty. Thus, one of the great advantages for a Launch on Warning doctrine is that it allows the nation that launches second to have an advantage over the nation that launches first. The one to launch first wastes a certain number of its missiles on our silos that are now empty. By contrast, our missiles (utilizing real-time targeting data from satellites) strike targets that are still viable. Now that is deterrence -- a deterrence that we presently do not have due to PDD-60.... PDD-60 removes all alternate submarine launch codes so that our subs cannot fire without direct communication with the president. Those vital communications links will assuredly not survive a massive first strike. When you tell the Russians we are going to absorb a first strike, you induce them to make sure they hit us with everything necessary to make sure we cannot respond. This is not deterrence. This is suicide…"

According to a report in New Yorker (3/28/99) Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov took a $800,000 payoff from Iraq in exchange for strategic materials from Moscow to build up its nuclear weapons stockpile.

* "British Petroleum paid $571 million for a 10 percent stake in Sidanko, an oil company controlled by influential business mogul Vladimir Potanin. Potanin's other assets included Norilsk Nickel NKEL.RTS, the country' s biggest metals producer, and a bank, Uneximbank. By early this year, Uneximbank had become the first Russian bank to default on foreign debt, Norilsk was facing a raft of problems through low metals prices and lack of investment, and Sidanko had been sued for bankruptcy by a creditor. BP Amoco has already been forced to write down its valuation of its stake in Sidanko by $200 million, mainly reflecting low oil prices, and is now fighting to preserve the value of its investment by seeing the company restructured effectively." Sebastian Alison, FOCUS-BP Amoco pulls out of Russian project. , Reuters, 03-19-1999


November 7, 1997
Representative Dan Burton (R-IN), introduced a bill that would amend the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (Results Act). "Congress has carefully reviewed the strategic plans that were submitted on September 30, and concluded that they were severely deficient in terms of their quality -- so deficient, in fact, that they are just not acceptable as "final" strategic plans," explained Burton. Congressional teams reviewed and graded each of 24 major agency and department strategic plans. The average grade for the final' strategic plans was 46.6 out of 100. The highest grade, and the one most-improved from its draft version, was the Department of Transportation at 75. The lowest grade was the Department of Commerce at 28.

November 10, 1997
Donors to the 1996 Clinton/Gore presidential campaign tell House of Representatives investigators that donations they made to the campaign were reimbursed by an employee of Johnny Chung. The donors gave $1,000 checks that are the maximum amount under law.

November 11, 1997
Great Wall announced it would launch two Iridium satellites for Motorola on the new Long March. Reported the Hong Kong Standard: "'We have full confidence in launching the two satellites for Motorola, it will be a 100% success."

November 12, 1997
FBI investigators interviewed President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore about questionable campaign fund-raising. White House Press Secretary Mike McCurry said the interviews were conducted separately, in the private residences of Clinton and Gore. Their private attorneys were present.

November 14, 1997
The Washington Post reports that the FBI had overlooked intelligence information, some going back to 1991, showing the efforts of the Communist Chinese Government to buy U.S. political influence. The Washington Post reports that the information shows that Maria Hsia, who has been raising money for Democrat causes for a decade, was essentially a Chinese "agent." The information did not come to light until after FBI Director Louis Freeh ordered a review in September 1997 of all files dealing with Chinese efforts to influence U.S. elections. The Washington Post also reports that the FBI has intelligence information showing that the Ministry of State Security in Beijing, which is the Chinese equivalent of the CIA, had boasted of successfully "thwarting" the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee's investigation.

November 15, 1997
The Senate Governmental Affairs Committee asks the White House to turn over more than 70 video tapes of Bill Clinton attending fund-raising events at the White House and around the country. The committee has been attempting to get the tapes since October 29.

November 18, 1997
Attorney General Janet Reno asked China's justice minister, Xiao Yang, for cooperation in the department's ongoing campaign-finance investigation.

November 20, 1997
The White House turns over 24 of the tapes wanted by the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, but withholds 43 other tapes. The tapes show Bill Clinton and Albert Gore Jr. at various fund-raising events held in hotels in Washington, D.C.

November 22, 1997
The Washington Post reports that officials at the DNC helped Gilbert Chagoury, a foreign citizen with ties to Nigerian dictator Sani Abacha, attend a White House holiday dinner with Bill Clinton last year. Chagoury donated $460,000 to Vote Now 96, a nonprofit voter registration group, a few months before the dinner. A DNC fund-raiser solicited Chagoury to give to the group. Noncitizens are prohibited from giving to political parties.

November 24, 1997

CIA Director Tenet approves "staff-like" access to CIA data for Deutch. UPI 2/23/00

The China Great Wall Industry Corporation provided telemetry equipment used in flight tests to Iran for its development of the Shahab III and Shahab IV medium-range ballistic missiles . Violation: MTCR, IIANA, AECA, EAR - no sanctions. . - Congress

December, 1997

The Clinton Administration approved the export of US built supercomputers to China without authorization by the Chinese to allow the on-site inspections which are required by law.

Peter Lee, physicist for TRW Space and Electronics, pleaded guilty to lying on DOD security forms and passing classified nuclear secrets to the Chinese.

Lt. General Xiong Guangkai, Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the PLA, visited the United States for the first round of defense consultative talks between senior officials of the two Defense Departments. – Chinese Embassy

Admiral Joseph W. Prueher, Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Pacific Command, visited China. – Chinese Embassy

The first round of defense consultative talks was held in December, 1997 between Lt.General Xiong Guangkai, Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the PLA and Mr. Slocom, Under Secretary of Defense of the United States. – Chinese Embassy

Chung opens formal negotiations with prosecutors and does first of numerous interviews with them.

In December 1997, Ms. Reno absolved him [Gore] of any wrongdoing by saying that his calls were intended to raise unrestricted soft money only for general party purposes, not for potentially illegal hard-money donations for the use of the re-election campaign effort - NEW YORK TIMES 3/11/00 David Johnston Don Van Natta Jr


December 1, 1997
The Washington Times reports that documents from the White House detail attempts at urging Cabinet members to campaign for Democrat candidates in 1994 and 1996. The documents show that that the White House tried to enlist the help of 10 Cabinet members, including Attorney General Janet Reno, to campaign. The documents also make clear that White House officials, using government property, were part of this campaign.

December 2, 1997

Janet Reno rejects appointing an independent counsel to investigate whether former Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary solicited a charitable contribution from Johnny Chung in return for a meeting with a Chinese businessmen. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

Attorney General Janet Reno rejects appointing an independent counsel to investigate telephone fund raising by Bill Clinton and Albert Gore Jr. Reno

According to The New York Times, F.B.I. Director Louis Freeh wrote a long memorandum to Attorney General Janet Reno arguing for the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate the campaign fund-raising scandal. The memorandum argued that the Department of Justice had too many conflicts of interest to credibly investigate the campaign fund-raising scandal.

December 5, 1997
Rep. Dan Burton (R-Ind.) issued subpoenas for a memorandum FBI Director Freeh sent to Attorney General Reno recommending that she seek appointment of an independent counsel to investigate Clinton- Gore campaign finance practices.

Paula Jones' legal team notifies the White House that Monica Lewinsky is on their witness list. 2/29/99

Dec. 6, 1997

Nearly 5 months to the day after the still unsolved Starbucks Massacre, Eric Butera, an informant working with DC Police on the Starbucks case, is beaten to death while working at their behest on an unrelated drug case. 2/29/99


December 8, 1997

The Los Angeles Times details how Antonio Pan, a Democrat operative, laundered tens of thousands of dollars in campaign contributions to the DNC through straw donors. The money came from the Bank of China. .

The White House turns over to Congress and the Justice Department hundreds of pages which describe discussions between Clinton and his staff dealing with the campaign fund-raising scandal. Documents dealing with fund-raising matters had been subpoenaed four months earlier in July 1997. Notes recorded from one meeting differentiate between "money coffees," to which donors were invited, and "political coffees," at which Clinton talked more about issues. .

A single Long March missile successfully launched two Iridium satellites at once. .

The Justice Department failed to comply with a Congressional subpoena for a copy of the FBI Director's memo favoring appointment of an independent counsel to investigate Clinton-Gore fund-raising issues. The deadline for its delivery to the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee was noon. Committee Chairman Dan Burton (R-Ind.) said, "I am especially troubled that the Attorney General is refusing to respond to a legitimate oversight request, after we made clear that we would accept a version of the memo from which any grand jury materials were removed. It's Director Freeh's reasons for recommending an independent counsel that we want to review, not grand jury testimony." .

December 9, 1997
Louis Freeh testified before a Gov. Reform & Oversight Committee Hearing....Mr. Burton: "Have you ever experienced so many unavailable witnesses in any matter in which you have prosecuted or on which you have been involved?" FBI Director Freeh: "I spent about 16 years doing organized crime cases in New York City, and many people were frequently unavailable." Freeh also made clear that he favored an Independent Counsel, stating that there are only two bases for an independent counsel:
1. When there is specific information from a credible source that the President, Vice President or other high officials may have violated any federal criminal law.
2. When the Attorney General determines that having the Justice Department investigate the matter might result in a personal, financial or political conflict of interest.

December 12, 1997
The Associated Press reports that Vadim Z. Rabinovich, a Ukrainian businessman, who worked for Nordex, an Austria based company the CIA linked with Russian organized crime, attended a Clinton/Gore fund-raiser in Miami on Sept. 19, 1995. Rabinovich attended the fund-raiser as a guest of Bennett LeBow, president of The Liggett Group. Rabinovich's visa had been revoked on Aug. 23, 1995. At the fund-raiser, Rabinovich posed for a picture with Bill Clinton and Albert Gore Jr., which was later published in a magazine in the Ukraine.

* "Russia is backing out of a U.S.-arranged deal to sell uranium from dismantled nuclear weapons to Western firms, saying it can make far more on the world market," the Associated Press reports. On August 18, Moscow signed a 10-year agreement in principle to sell highly-enriched uranium (HEU) to Canadian, French, and U.S. firms for $900 million. [Editor's note: After arm-twisting from Atomic Energy Minister Viktor Mikhailov, the U.S. "loaned" the HEU company under his control $100 million, to be repaid by the eventual HEU sale. See Russia Reform Monitor No. 28.]

* "The Pentagon is developing a major strategic weapons plan to lower the alert status of U.S. nuclear forces that could lead to disarming missiles through removing their warheads," the Washington Times reports. "Critics of the strategic 'de-alert' plan within the defense and military communities say the effort could undermine the U.S. nuclear war-fighting capabilities at a time when Russia is modernizing its nuclear forces with new ICBMs, submarines and deep underground command bunkers -- all signs that Moscow has not abandoned plans to prevail in a nuclear war."

* "For the White House to unilaterally take any action in this area is completely unacceptable and would do more to destabilize our relationship with Russia than stabilize it," says House National Security Subcommittee on Military Research Chairman Curt Weldon (R-Penn.) of the "de-alert" plan. Former Defense Secretary James Schlesinger also expresses unease: "My view is this should be approached very cautiously, repeat, very cautiously." Schlesinger tells the Washington Times' Bill Gertz, "This process, of which de-alerting is a part, can be carried too far in the direction of sheer nuclear disarmament."

* "According to Pentagon sources," reports Gertz, "one [de-alert] idea being examined is to remove printed circuit boards from strategic missiles and place them some 500 miles from their missile silos."

Russia Reform Monitor, No. 357, December 18, 1997

December 15, 1997

John C. Layton, after11 years as inspector general at the Energy Department, announced his resignation. A onetime FBI special agent who earlier in his career served as the Defense Department's inspector general, Layton filed a 1996 report on the questionable travel expenses of then-Energy Secretary Hazel R. O'Leary. His findings fueled heated congressional hearings on his ex-boss's allegedly lavish globe-trotting. Various Government 3/16/99 ohmlaw98

The Washington Times reports that White House volunteers, paid for by the DNC, engaged in both political and fund-raising activities. In 1994, former White House counsel Abner Mikva wrote a memorandum prohibiting White House workers from engaging in such activities.

According to The Associated Press, bank records show that $159,000 raised at an Oct. 27, 1992 DNC fund-raiser went instead to two companies owned by two DNC fund-raisers, Nora and Gene Lum. This information became known after the Lums arranged a plea bargain with the Justice Department in regards to an illegal $50,000 fund-raising scheme to help Democrat candidates in 1994. The Lum's plea bargain gave them immunity from any fund-raising abuses prior to 1997.

Attorney General Janet Reno rejects a request that an independent counsel be appointed to investigate Bill Clinton in relation to the allegation that campaign funds were given in exchange for the cancellation of a Wisconsin Chippewa Indian casino in 1995.

December 16, 1997

The House committee announced that it would resume public hearings on January 20 and that the focus would be on a questionable Indian casino decision involving Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt. Rep. Dan Burton (R-Ind) said that Secretary Babbitt is expected to be called to testify about his department's decision to deny a gambling permit for a tribal group seeking to build a casino on a dog-track site in Wisconsin. The proposed casino would have been in competition with a nearby Indian gambling operation whose tribal leaders had high-level political connections with the Clinton-Gore Administration. The Committee also is disputing attempts by the Justice Department to withhold documents involving the Hudson dog track. In a December 5 letter to Attorney General Reno, Chairman Burton wrote, "given new information that has recently come to light, I am very concerned that your Department of Justice is actively involved in both obstruction of Congressional investigations and obstruction of the civil discovery process in a private lawsuit currently in federal court in Wisconsin." The Burton letter concluded by urging Reno to ask for the appointment of an independent counsel "immediately to investigate general fundraising abuses, including this matter." Reno refused to include President Clinton in her department's inquiry into the Babbitt decision.

The New York Times details how Manhattan prosecutors, in October 1996, turned over information on a Venezuelan Banking family funneling illegal contributions to the DNC in 1992 to the United States Attorney in Miami. The case was forwarded to the Department of Justice. Officials familiar with the case stated it might be too late to prosecute individuals for the crime because most campaign finance laws have five year statute of limitations.

December 17, 1997
F.B.I. Director Louis Freeh agrees to provide a briefing to Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN) and Rep. Henry Waxman (D-CA) detailing the arguments Freeh made in support of appointing an independent counsel. Freeh disagreed with Attorney General Janet Reno's decision not to appoint an independent counsel to investigate Bill Clinton and Albert Gore Jr.


Russian President Yeltsin issued a 37 page policy statement, reneging on previous pledges not to use nuclear weapons first.

Clinton appoints Deutch to chair the commission to assess the organization of the Federal government to combat the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction – Freeper Thanatos 2/1/00


December 23, 1997
The Washington Times reports that the House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, investigating the campaign fund-raising scandal, discloses that 46 possible witnesses have asserted their Fifth Amendment rights against testifying, 12 possible witnesses have left the country and a dozen foreigners had refused interviews.

December 28, 1997
Based on reports of taped conversations between Lewinsky and Linda Tripp:.... Monica visits the White House and records WAVE visit to Betty Currie. The President meets with Monica privately in the Oval Office and they discuss her testimony in the Paula Jones case. Clinton tells Lewinsky to say that she was visiting Betty Currie, not him in her Paula Jones testimony. Lewinsky tells Clinton that she's upset about not getting the American Express job. Clinton tells her everything will work out fine. Clinton encourages her to move to New York so it will be harder for her to be compelled to testify in DC.