Revised 6/18/00




Salon 4/99 Joe Conason "...Instead of placing stricter controls on access to the national laboratories, however, the Reagan administration issued an executive order in 1987 that loosened controls so that scientific advances could be more easily commercialized by the private sector. That order also gave freer entry to foreign citizens and corporations. Then in 1988 an alarm arose from within the government: The General Accounting Office reported to Congress that security procedures to protect sensitive data at the national labs were fearfully lax, and needed immediate improvement...."

EO12591 (Reagan administration) Source: The provisions of Executive Order 12591 of Apr. 10, 1987, appear at 52 FR 13414, 3 CFR, 1987 Comp., p. 220, unless otherwise noted.By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, including the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-502), the Trademark Clarification Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-620), and the University and Small Business Patent Procedure Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-517), and in order to ensure that Federal agencies and laboratories assist universities and the private sector in broadening our technology base by moving new knowledge from the research laboratory into the development of new products and processes, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Transfer of Federally Funded Technology. a. The head of each Executive department and agency, to the extent permitted by law, shall encourage and facilitate collaboration among Federal laboratories, State and local governments, universities, and the private sector, particularly small business, in order to assist in the transfer of technology to the marketplace. b. The head of each Executive department and agency shall, within overall funding allocations and to the extent permitted by law: ...Sec. 8. Relation to Existing Law. Nothing in this Order shall affect the continued applicability of any existing laws or regulations relating to the transfer of United States technology to other nations. The head of any Executive department or agency may exclude from consideration, under this Order, any technology that would be, if transferred, detrimental to the interests of national security...."

1988 General Accounting Office found lax controls over foreign visitors at weapons labs. LA Times 3/14/99 Bob Drogin New York Times 3/17/99 Jeff Gerth

June 1993 U.S. Department of Energy ORDER Washington, D.C. DOE 5634.3 6-14-93 SUBJECT: FOREIGN OWNERSHIP, CONTROL, OR INFLUENCE PROGRAM 8. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS. This paragraph lists requirements for eligibility for a facility approval or safeguards and security activity, identifies factors that shall be considered in determining whether an offeror/bidder or a contractor is or may be under FOCI, prescribes procedures for accepting a FOCI determination rendered by another Federal agency, and outlines procedures for processing and rendering determinations. a. Eligibility Requirements. (1) A U.S. organization effectively owned or controlled by a foreign government is ineligible for a facility approval or a safeguards and security activity unless the Secretary of Energy determines that a waiver is essential to the national security interest of the U.S. (2) An offeror/bidder that is owned, controlled, or influenced by a foreign interest from a sensitive country identified in DOE 1500.3, FOREIGN TRAVEL AUTHORIZATION, and DOE 1240.2B, UNCLASSIFIED VISITS AND ASSIGNMENTS BY FOREIGN NATIONALS, shall not be eligible, in some cases, for a facility approval or safeguards and security activity. SA-10 will make the determination. (3) An offeror/bidder that is owned, controlled, or influenced by a foreign interest from a nonsensitive country shall be eligible for a facility approval or safeguards and security activity provided action can be taken to effectively negate or reduce associated FOCI risk to an acceptable level. (4) The chairman of the board and all principal officers of the U.S. organization(s) to be cleared for a facility approval or safeguards and security activity must be U.S. citizens residing within the limits of the U.S.

1994 To reduce costs and processing backlogs, the Los Alamos and Sandia laboratories implemented a partial exception to the Bush Administration's DOE Order 1240.2b that allowed them to largely avoid the background check process for foreign visitors to the Labs. Since then, DOE has obtained background checks on about 5 percent of the visitors from sensitive countries to these two laboratories. (GAO/RCED-97-229)

September 1996 DOE Security: Information on Foreign Visitors to the Weapons Laboratories (Stmnt. for the Rec., 09/26/96, GAO/T-RCED-96-260).Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed unclassified visitsby foreign nationals to the Department of Energy's (DOE) nuclear weapons laboratories. GAO noted that: (1) the average annual number of foreign visitors to these DOE laboratories has increased 55 percent since 1986;(2) in 1996, the number of foreign visitors may increase to over 6,700;(3) DOE designates some countries as sensitive due to national security, terrorism, regional instability, or nuclear proliferation concerns; (4) the average annual number of foreign visitors from sensitive countries has increased 225 percent since 1993; (5) 93 percent of these visitors came from China, India, Israel, Taiwan, and the states of the former Soviet Union; (6) DOE has changed its visit approval and background check requirements since 1988; (7) DOE has delegated the laboratories authority to approve visits that do not involve high-level foreign visitors, sensitive subjects, or secure areas; and (8) DOE only requires background checks on visitors from sensitive countries who are on assignment or involved in sensitive subjects or secure areas, but it has permitted two laboratories to omit background checks for visitors on assignment.

April 1997 Tommy D. Chang, NN-10 The following are the Office of Energy Research (ER) comments on DOE Order 1240.2B per the request by Kenneth E. Baker dated April 15, 1997: The request for comments did not include DOE Notice 1240.2, dated 11-29-93; or the Memorandum by David Pumphrey, dated 7-21-94. Both of these should be incorporated in the revised order. The Notice made a number of modifications to DOE Order 1240.2B and stated, "DOE 1240.2B will be revised to reflect these modifications." This action abolished the terms "sensitive facility" and "security facility" and focused the reporting requirements on "Security Areas", excepting property protection areas. ER strongly endorsed this modification and recommends it be incorporated in the revision as stated. The modification was explained in the notice as, "Since open communication is fundamental to the economic vitality of the international community, this notice removes necessary impediments to the free flow and exchange of ideas and technology." In addition, there have been no actual problems identified at ER facilities as a result of this modification. As such, there is no need to change what we are currently doing. The memorandum by David Pumphrey, dated 7-21-94, modified the sensitive country list. ER would continue to support this current list. In place of this list ER would support the elimination of a sensitive country list. ER would have no objection to documenting ALL visits by foreign nationals where the visit involves access to a "security area" or "sensitive subject". ER does not support any changes to the sensitive subject list. ER does not support expanding the order to include export control regulations. Export control is the reponsibility of the Commerce Department, as such, DOE should not be establishing policy in this area. ER would support the delegation of authority to the field elements for approving visits. The focus and concern by congress has been nuclear nonproliferation, in particular, foreign visitor controls at Weapons Laboratories. When the DOE Order was implemented it was in response to congressional concerns and recommendations in the GAO report of October 1988. The revised order should only be written to address foreign visitors to the weapons laboratories. ER strongly recommends the continuation of the exclusions from the Order that are currently in place at ER non-weapons laboratories. Bill Nay - 301-903-6576 Office of Energy Research

The American Spectator 5/99 John Roberts II "....Contrary to Mr. Clinton's recent statements, security at the labs was extremely tight in the mid-eighties. In 1985, Energy Secretary Herrington initiated the most massive increase in security spending at DOE in two decades. In the mid-eighties, Rep. John Dingell (D-Mich.), then chairman of the House Energy Committee, held oversight hearings probing whether terrorists could penetrate nuclear weapons sites. Dingell's hearings meant there was a good chance that Congress would give DOE funds to improve security. Edward V. Badolato, Herrington's deputy assistant secretary for security affairs from 1985 through 1989, was told one of his first tasks at the Energy Department was to evaluate the security problems first-hand. He quickly pulled together a team of half-a-dozen specialists. Over the next thirty-odd days, they surveyed all 58 facilities which make up the nation's nuclear weapons infrastructure. Badolato's recommendations resulted in Operation Cerberus, a $1.5-billion comprehensive security program. The overhaul spanned the gamut from instituting new physical fitness and marksmanship qualifications standards for plant security guards to high-technology safeguards. At Rocky Flats, four miles of barbed-wire fence line was replaced with PIDS, the Perimeter Intrusion Detection System, a state-of-the-art integrated microwave and multi- sensor system. "If a mouse went through that line," Badolato recalls, "we knew it!" Operation Cerberus did more than tighten physical access to the weapons plants and nuclear labs. Fighting espionage was a key element. In his March 19 news conference, President Clinton asserted that the U.S. is not certain that China employs espionage to probe our nuclear secrets. But China's interest was no mystery in the mid-eighties. "I can tell you as a fact that the Chinese visiting scientists would consistently ask, 'Do you have any Chinese-American scientists here?'" Badolato says. "And then they would want to meet these people, get their names. We knew what they were up to." ...... Herrington's response was to ask for FBI counter-intelligence agents to be detailed to the Energy Department to work closely with Badolato's teams. One result of the close cooperation between DOE and the FBI was Operation Tiger Trap, a sting to draw in and thwart foreign spies before they got past Operation Cerberus's sentinels. The details remain classified, but Badolato confirms that Tiger Trap snared "a lot" of would-be nuclear spies. The FBI also kept close tabs on scientists traveling overseas. In one case in the eighties, a man carrying classified information had second thoughts during his overseas flight. Unaware that he was under FBI surveillance, the suspect went to the airplane restroom, tore up the papers he was illicitly transporting, and flushed them down the toilet. Thinking he was safe, he returned to his seat. But when the plane landed the FBI retrieved the documents and built a case against him. Counter-intelligence agents monitored the lifestyles of those with access to the most sensitive data. After one scientist purchased a sailboat and in other ways spent beyond his means, he was placed under FBI scrutiny. The vigilance was thorough. "The FBI was doing an excellent job," Badolato says. But after Operation Desert Glow, the change in atmosphere was detectable....."


American Spectator 5/99 John B. Roberts II "...Inside the U.S. intelligence community, the targeting of America's nuclear secrets is a well-established fact. During John Herrington's tenure as Energy secretary in Reagan's second term, Chinese efforts to infiltrate Energy Department facilities were constant and persistent. So were similar efforts by the Russians, the South Africans, and the Israelis. Herrington knew how important cooperation between the FBI and DOE was in preventing foreign espionage. So when at the end of the Reagan administration Bush's incoming FBI director, William Sessions, wanted to meet for a briefing, Herrington readily agreed. Sessions, a former federal judge, knew little about DOE's national security mission. Herrington gave him an overview and urged Sessions to "get read into and briefed up" on the secret side of the department's activities. Sessions promised he would. Sessions's tenure as FBI director was less than six months old at the time of Operation Desert Glow. Herrington was incredulous when he learned about the Rocky Flats raid. At a reception in California, the former cabinet member confronted the FBI director. "Why are you sending the FBI out to Rocky Flats," Herrington asked in straight Marine Corps fashion, "when we have problems in this country with drugs, with crime, with espionage in Silicon Valley?" "You know," Sessions answered defensively, "these are high priority cases, too." Herrington still bristles at the government's prosecution of the weapons plant managers. "They put the pedal to the metal for us," he says, referring to Congress's and the administration's orders to match the Brezhnev-era Soviet build-up by accelerating weapons production in the eighties. "They were only doing what we told them to do." The new management culture looked upon those same executives and scientists with a mixture of suspicion and disdain--as, at best, useless relics of the Cold War; and at worst, environmental criminals and pro-bomb fanatics. Security and morale in the nation's nuclear weapons infrastructure plummeted as a result Insiders say there is a direct correlation between the cultural shift at DOE and the degradation of security that permitted China to steal the secrets of one of the most advanced nuclear weapons in the U.S. arsenal, the W-88 warhead...."


WorldNetDaily 5/27/99 J.R. Nyquist "...Seventeen major espionage cases were brought into the limelight between 1984 and '85 alone. Consequently, the year 1985 became "the Year of the Spy." Among the more spectacular cases of the 1980s: 1) Edward Lee Howard, a CIA employee, fled to the Soviet Union after his espionage was discovered; 2) The infamous Walker spy ring consisted of Navy Warrant Officer John Walker, his brother Arthur Walker (a retired naval officer), and Jerry Whitworth (Navy radioman). The Walker spy ring went undetected for 17 years; 3) Glenn Souther, a Navy satellite photography expert, is believed to have stolen the Navy's nuclear war plan. He successfully escaped to the Soviet Union in 1986 where he was given the rank of major in the KGB.... In December of 1984, then-FBI Director William H. Webster stated, "We have more people charged with espionage right now than ever before in our history. ..." The spies we caught in the 1980s were military and intelligence personnel. At the time, nobody was looking at the American business community, or at our politicians. We know that politicians around the world have been recruited and blackmailed by the Chinese and Russian intelligence services. Can we honestly assume that our country has been immune to this sort of penetration?..."

The Political Review 5/27/99 D. K. Zimmerman "...The Washington Post is being fed documents declassified expressly to spin the Cox Report. For example, it recently reported that in 1988, there was a low- level analysis that China was initiating extensive espionage to gather nuclear technology and there were suspicious similarities between an American warhead and one of their most recent warheads. Senate Minority Leader, Tom Daschle (D-South Dakota), went farther on national television, claiming that Presidents Reagan and Bush knew of Chinese espionage and did nothing. Sounds treasonous, no? He went on to praise this administration because Clinton took action when he found out about it. Reflect on that for a moment. The White House is busy digging up and leaking obscure classified documents which actually only confirm that during previous administrations low-level staffers were only beginning to suspect Chinese espionage. There is no evidence -- none -- that either Reagan or Bush, nor any of their cabinet-level officials were ever presented with evidence of a criminal act. On the other hand, Clinton, his National Security Advisor, and various Assistant Secretaries of Energy have conspired to lie publicly and under oath about how many years Clinton personally knew of proof of espionage, yet did nothing besides cover up. Daschle finds this laudatory? ..."

The Political Review 5/27/99 D. K. Zimmerman "...GAO investigations criticized security at the national laboratories during President Reagan's administration. His administration examined the issue and, in less than 30 days, began a $1.5 billion program to fix the known problems in 1988. Ah, counter White House spokesfolks, but it was Reagan who issued the 1987 directive loosening all security controls at the labs to allow outside visitations, to include foreign nationals. Only problem is, they "overlooked" the portion of Reagan's directive specifically exempting all national security material....."

The Political Review 5/27/99 D. K. Zimmerman "...When Clinton took office, labs implemented exceptions to a Bush order, dropping requirements for some foreign visitors' background checks. Within two years, GAO reported the annual number of foreign visitors increased 55% from 1986 levels. Sensitive country visitors have increased 225% since 1993. Ninety-three percent of those came from China, India, Israel, Taiwan and the states of the former Soviet Union. DOE actually permitted two laboratories to omit background checks for such visitors on assignment.

New York Times 5/30/99 "...Now that a congressional committee has released its three-volume, 872-page techno-thriller on the theft of atomic secrets by Chinese spies, much of Washington is agog. But the uproar overlooks an arresting fact. For more than a half decade, the Clinton administration was shoveling atomic secrets out the door as fast as it could, literally by the ton. Millions of previously classified ideas and documents relating to nuclear arms were released to all comers, including China's bomb makers..... Back in 1993, when the terrors of the Cold War were still fresh, the administration decided that the best way to keep the nuclear arms race from heating up again was to get the world's nations to sign a test-ban treaty. The idea was that even if a country knew how to make a bomb, it couldn't perfect new ones and build up advanced forces without physically testing new designs. So development of new weapons would be frozen, ending the vicious spiral of nuclear move and countermove. Releasing many of America's nuclear secrets was seen as an essential part of this strategy, since it would signal a new global order in which nuclear know-how was suddenly and irreparably devalued and real security would lie in the collective knowledge that nobody was able to push weaponry beyond the known boundaries. What had been gold would become dross, and the atom would lose power and prestige. Driven by such logic, the administration made public masses of generalities about nuclear arms, even as specific weapon designs were kept secret..... In response to the China scandal, the Clinton administration has stopped all declassifications, beefed up security at the national weapons laboratories and adopted a conciliatory tone. Last week. as the House select committee released its report, President Clinton called protecting atom secrets "a solemn obligation." But in private, administration officials say the openness was smart after all, its advantages even now outweighing its risks. They insist that its crowning jewel, the test ban, while admittedly shaky, still has lessened the risk of new atomic advances, making it a potent force for international good....."It would be nothing short of miraculous if the openness has not seriously damaged U.S. interests," said Frank Gaffney Jr., a Pentagon official during the Reagan administration who now directs the Center for Security Policy, a research group in Washington. Since 1993, officials say, the Energy Department's "openness initiative" has released at least 178 categories of atom secrets. By contrast, the 1980s saw two such actions. The unveilings have included no details of specific weapons, like the W-88, a compact design Chinese spies are suspected of having stolen from the weapons lab at Los Alamos, N.M. But they include a slew of general secrets....." 5/30/99 Inside Cover "...One of Inside Cover's favorite media whoppers about America's newfound national security hemorrhage is this: Most of the secret information the Chinese now have access to disappeared over the transom during the Reagan and Bush administrations. Not according to the actual chronology available in the Cox report. Turns out, of the eleven most serious episodes of nuke-related tech tranfers noted by the bi-partisan panel, eight took place during the Clinton years. Except for data on the neutron bomb, which China obtained during the Carter administration, not a single serious breach of nuclear security came to light before 1993. But doesn't that bolster the arguments of Clinton spinmeisters that it was this administration, and not prior Republican presidents, who ferreted out Chinese spying? Not exactly. Except for a "Walk-in"; an unidentified Chinese agent who popped up out-of-the-blue in a Far East CIA office in 1995, Clinton national security officials -- along with the rest of us -- might still be in the dark about the most serious spy case of the nuclear age. To the astonishment of U.S. intelligence, the Chinese tipster revealed that his Beijing bosses had the plans for America's deadly W-88 Trident D-5 nuclear warhead...."

INVESTOR'S BUSINESS DAILY 6/9/99 Paul Sperry "...In fact, previous administrations beefed up counterspying efforts. ''This doesn't say there wasn't spying on my watch, but we spent $1.5 billion covering counterintelligence operations when the Reagan administration came in and acknowledged security problems at the labs,'' said Frank Gaffney, Reagan's assistant secretary of Defense for international security policy. Export Controls Clinton argues, reasonably, that past administrations opened the door to satellite exports to China. But he also claims he was just following suit. Here, he's at odd with the facts. Though Reagan and Bush allowed exports of commercial satellites to China, they still worried about the Chinese military getting its hands on dual-use technology. So they maintained export licensing safeguards. The same can't be said for Clinton. If satellite technology were a present, the degree of gift-giving among the three presidents can be compared like this: Reagan provided the box. Bush provided the paper. Clinton put the technology in the box, wrapped it up, tied a bow and shipped it FedEx to Beijing...."

INVESTOR'S BUSINESS DAILY 6/9/99 Paul Sperry "...After the Challenger blew up that year, the U.S. government and industry found they could no longer rely on the space shuttle to launch their satellites. So Reagan turned to, among other countries, China. It not only had a lot of capacity but, thanks to state subsidies, cheap launch rates. For the first time, Reagan granted export licenses for satellite launches on Chinese rockets -provided the Defense Department monitored talks between U.S. and Chinese engineers. In fact, both the State Department and Defense still had the authority to reject export license applications on national security grounds. In 1991, Bush tightened controls, citing China's proliferation of missile technology. He imposed sanctions on Chinese entities, including satellite launchers. The CIA has described China's satellite launch rockets as ''ballistic missiles in disguise.'' After pressure from China and U.S. satellite makers, Bush softened his stance. In 1992, he put the Commerce Department in charge of vetting export applications for satellites - but only commercial ones. That is, only those with no military use. But in November 1996, Clinton took it one big step further. He not only removed Bush's sanctions on Chinese launchers, but put Commerce in charge of vetting applications for all fully assembled satellite exports to China - no matter their potential military use. Unlike State, Commerce no longer required Defense to monitor technical talks between Chinese and U.S. engineers. In many cases, such talks went beyond ''form, fit and function'' -basic information needed to mate satellites to rocket platforms...."

INVESTOR'S BUSINESS DAILY 6/9/99 Paul Sperry "...What's more, Commerce - primarily a trade booster - eschewed State's munitions list to screen for military use. So basically Clinton took satellites off one list and put them on another to make them easier to export. Clinton has OK'd 19 U.S.-China satellite launches - the most of the three presidents. Of those, 16 have been launched. According to a senior Pentagon official, Clinton has also taken the teeth out of the Pentagon's arms-control oversight role. In the previous two administrations, if there was a dispute between the White House and the Pentagon over technology transfers, the Pentagon usually won when China was involved. Not so under Clinton. ''We've had no successes,'' the Pentagon official said...."

INVESTOR'S BUSINESS DAILY 6/9/99 Paul Sperry "...James Woolsey, Clinton's first CIA director, said in a recent interview: ''The United States has substantially liberalized its export policy. That's one thing that has changed during this administration.'' Woolsey added: ''We've gone too far.'' In a 1993 letter to Silicon Graphics CEO Edward McCracken, Clinton wrote: ''I expect to . . . eliminate wherever possible unnecessary U.S. unilateral export control policies.'' Silicon Graphics makes high-speed computers. True to his word, Clinton in January 1996 lifted export controls on high-speed computer exports. Since then, China's gotten more than 600 U.S. high- speed computers. It had virtually none before...."

INVESTOR'S BUSINESS DAILY 6/9/99 Paul Sperry "...Around 1994, Energy's Oakland, Calif., office stripped another Livermore scientist of his security clearance after he divulged classified information at a public setting. Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary overturned the Oakland office and ''gave this guy back his classified status,'' Weldon said. In 1992, by contrast, U.S. Customs arrested Chinese spy Bin Wu for smuggling night-vision equipment used by U.S. tank crews to China. He's serving a 10-year prison term...."

Wall Street Journal 6/10/99 Michael Ledeen "....We hear from President Clinton and his defenders that he is not to be blamed for the Chinese espionage detailed in the Cox committee report, nor for the illegal transfer of missile technology to China by American corporations like Hughes and Loral, since both the espionage and the technology-transfer policy began years ago, in the Reagan era. For the most part, neither the media nor Republicans have challenged this line, Mr. Cox himself being a notable exception. But it is false. President Clinton has done two things that were inconceivable in the Reagan years: He has armed China with our best military technology, and has silenced anyone inside the executive branch who has dared challenge this policy...."

Wall Street Journal 6/10/99 Michael Ledeen "....During the Reagan years, the U.S. crafted an international system to prevent dangerous technology from going to dangerous countries. This required enormous input from professional civil servants, particularly in the military, to evaluate the impact of high-tech sales to actual and potential enemies. It would have been unthinkable for those experts to have been silenced or coerced into lying about matters that directly affected national security. Yet this has happened repeatedly during the Clinton years, as some recently uncovered documents show...."

7/26/99 New York freeper selections via email "... The story in the New Yorker was more detailed and painted Reagan as a caring person....It mentions that he was a second lieuteneant with the Army Air Force First Motion Picture Unit. When she asked for a picture of Reagan in uniform, Reagan apologized that the studio wouldn't allow him to send such a photograph - not with soldiers dying at Midway and in Silicy....She said "I had discovered a man who stood apart from his fellow-actors in basic concern and consideration"....Throughout 1948 and 1949, "Old Man Reagan" as he sometimes referred to himself in letters... wrote openly about the depression he felt after a fan named Lulanmae Imhoff, a disabled girl whom he called his "adopted sis" dies.... the article describes Reagan's mother's and Nancy's hospitality...Reagan talked about Hollywood's anti-religious attitude... describes a battle he had with a director who wanted to cut a scene showing a little girl saying her prayers....When ABC aired a sympathetic interview with Alger Hiss, Reagan was upset."I don't think the Hiss broadcast comes under the banner of news reporting.It was a plain case of allowing a convicted perjuror and spy to attack a man- Richard Nixon - who had served as Vice President of the United States....etc....lots more in the article...approximately 7 magazine pages..."

NY Times 8/26/99 James Bamford "…The investigation into China's suspected theft of top nuclear secrets has become so partisan that it's hard to know where the politics ends and the truth begins…. In recent days, critics of the way the Wen Ho Lee case has been handled have compared his case with that of John Deutch, the former Director of Central Intelligence. Mr. Deutch was stripped of his security clearance last week because, as head of the C.I.A., he transferred more than a dozen top-secret "codeword" documents, dealing with topics from international terrorism to Iraq, to an unclassified computer at his home. The C.I.A. had reportedly been aware of this for two and a half years but took action only recently. …. There was a time when espionage wasn't such a partisan game. The Reagan years were the worst on record for espionage. Jonathan Pollard walked out of Navy intelligence offices with suitcases stuffed with documents for his Israeli controllers. Aldrich Ames met with Soviet intelligence officials and sold out his country. Members of the Walker family were taking secret documents and codes off Navy ships by the boxload. Larry Wu-Tai Chin, a C.I.A. analyst, passed secrets to the Chinese Government. What was missing in those cases, however, was heated Congressional rhetoric, hearings to investigate dark conspiracies, shrill accusations of Reagan Administration bungling and leaks of damning information by committee staffers. Spies were caught, prosecuted and sent to jail. Period. It was more or less understood that espionage happens in every Administration. In that same era, hundreds of people were investigated for security violations. None, however, were thrown into the political circus as quickly and cruelly as Mr. Lee was. …"

Investor's Business Daily 10/13/99 "....If we didn't know better, we'd be wondering what's up with ''60 Minutes.'' Just two weeks after running one of the most biased pieces in its long, lopsided history, the CBS program came back last Sunday with a second hatchet job on the same subject. But when the subject is Ronald Reagan, the bete noire of the media elite, and the apparent goal is to tear down his reputation as much as possible, then you really can't dot too many i's or cross too many t's. In case you missed the first piece on Sept. 26, it was a beaut: correspondent Leslie Stahl interviewing author Edmund Morris about his ''controversial'' new biography of the ex-president and setting a record for leading questions aimed at painting the most negative picture....."

Weekly Standard 11/1/99 Charles Krauthammer "…..Zbigniew Brzezinski is not alone in his judgment that the Cold War was won in 1986 at Reykjavík, though the fact that Brzezinski was President Carter's national security adviser shows that this is no partisan judgment. At Reykjavík, Ronald Reagan was offered the most sweeping arms control proposal in history. And he would have accepted it-had Mikhail Gorbachev not insisted that the price was American surrender of the Strategic Defense Initiative. Reagan walked out, stunning not just Gorbachev, but the entire American foreign policy establishment. The importance of Reykjavík to winning the Cold War was that it kept American missile defense alive and made Gorbachev understand that nothing would stand in its way. The United States under Reagan was prepared to press its massive technological and economic advantage over the Soviet Union to achieve strategic superiority. Failing that, the United States would simply bleed the Soviets dry in any strategic competition. Reykjavík made clear to the Soviets the fate of their 70-year experiment of confrontation and military-technological competition with the West. ….."

New Republic 11/1/99 "…..The early Reagan years were marked by unabashed opposition to arms control even in the face of a massive nuclear freeze movement. Challenged by Senator Paul Tsongas's assertion at one hearing that President Reagan's hard line risked forfeiting future agreements with Moscow, Secretary of State George Shultz famously responded, "So be it." The Reaganites incurred howls of derision from the foreign policy establishment for resisting a deal to remove U.S. and Soviet missiles from Europe and holding out instead for a "zero option" that would have required even greater Soviet reductions. When the shouting was over, however, Reagan's hang-tough strategy had worked. It turned out that the key to a more peaceful world--and, indeed, to smaller nuclear arsenals--was not American flexibility but dramatic political change within the Soviet Union itself. Only after the Soviets, under Mikhail Gorbachev, truly changed their foreign policy, from one of hostility toward the West to one of accommodation, was serious arms control possible. Reagan got the "zero option" after all--and his successors got the large mutual reductions of START I (and may yet get START II, if the recalcitrant Russian Duma ever ratifies it). ….."

The Limbaugh Letter 11/99 Rush Limbaugh "..... The liberals have one objective where Reagan is concerned: to perpetually destroy the truth of the 1980s - economically, and in terms of foreign policy, that is, militarily. That is because the '80s worked. If the '80s is not rewritten historically, then liberalism is dead. If the 1980s are ever correctly and widely understood, then liberalism is for all intents and purposes over. That was why the publication of Edmund Morris's so-called biography of Ronald Reagan was so celebrated by the media. Word spread that Morris had called Reagan "an airhead," and their joy know no bounds....."

Houston Chronicle 11/7/99 Bruce Herschenshon "..... Unlike the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month or V-E Day or V-JDay, the end of the Cold War has no date. Even with all its witnesses, no one is sure exactly when it ended. For that matter, no one could say for certain the exact date it began. So the Cold War ended in the same fuzzy way in which it started. Maybe it was July 6, 1990, when NATO announced that the Soviet Union was no longer an adversary. Maybe it was one of those days in late August 1990, when one republic of the U.S.S.R. after another declared independence. Maybe it was March 31, 1991, when the Warsaw Pact military alliance disbanded. Maybe it was Dec.l8, 1991, when the Commonwealth of Independent States was inaugurated. Maybe it was Dec.26,1991, when the U.S.S.R. was formally dissolved. However, because of the drama in the destruction of the symbol of the Soviet empire, the date that has become recognized is Nov.9,1989, when the Berlin Wall Crumbled. Since that event 10 years ago, there has been an absence of public dialogue regarding the role of U.S. liberals and conservatives during the post-Khrushchev period. That absence of dialogue has left young people with the mistaken belief that the United States was united in its quest to end the expansion of the Soviet system. IT'S A LIE. It was the conservatives who wanted to build U.S.military forces to a position so strong that the Soviet Untion would go broke trying to keep up....."

The Heritage Foundation 12/10/97 Margaret Thatcher ".....Delivered by The Right Honorable The Baroness Thatcher at The Heritage Foundation's "Leadership for America" Gala, December 10, 1997....... It is no less an honour-and, dare I say, still more of a pleasure-to be invited here on the occasion of the presentation of the Clare Booth Luce award to my old friend Ronald Reagan. President Reagan is one of the greatest men of our time, and one of the greatest American Presidents of all time. If that is not fully appreciated today, and sadly it is not, it isn't really surprising. After all, so many people have been proved wrong by Ronald Reagan that they simply daren't acknowledge his achievement. Forests have already been pulped to print the revisionist analyses of the eighties. Those who were once so confident of the superiority of the Soviet system that they advocated appeasement of it now pretend to believe that it was doomed to inevitable collapse. Tell that to the Russians! The former Soviet ministers didn't and don't doubt the seriousness of the struggle, even if Western liberal commentators do......" 11/4/99 Jim Burns "…..A joke by the host of a national television show about former President Ronald Reagan's bout with Alzheimer's Disease has an Alzheimer's Association chapter and the former president's oldest son angry. This is now the second time the host has made a joke about Reagan's condition and has outraged the former president's family and Alzheimer's activists. According to a transcript of Wednesday's broadcast of the "Politically Incorrect" program broadcast by ABC television, host Bill Maher said, "President Clinton's approval rating, 57 percent, one of the highest ever for a second-termer. That just came out today. People made big news of this because it was higher than Ronald Reagan's approval rating in his second term. It was only 52 percent, so Clinton, higher than Reagan. Another big difference between Reagan and Clinton, Clinton wets other people's clothing." The Alzheimer's Association, Greater Washington Chapter found the joke to be in poor taste……"Last year, he called my dad nuts, now he's making fun of his bodily functions," said the younger Reagan in an interview with Reagan went to say, Maher's apology "didn't do didly squat." "I wouldn't even accept an apology by Maher," said Reagan. I'm just done with it." ……"

The American Spectator 11/30/99 John Corry "…. Recall now that Ronald Reagan rebuilt America's military might, and with the help of Margaret Thatcher and Helmut Kohl strengthened NATO's resolve, and resisted a nuclear freeze. . Recall also that Reagan attacked the Soviet economy by denying it credits, reducing technology exports, opposing the Siberian gas pipeline, and enacting sanctions. Recall, too, among many other things, that after Solidarity, encouraged by Reagan, took control of the Polish government in the summer of 1989, road and rail routs between the Soviet Union and East Germany were severed. Moscow could move neither tanks nor troops to Berlin. But when a Times editorial commemorated the tenth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall a few weeks ago, it said that what happened was "largely a tribute to one leader" -- Mikhail Gorbachev. Reagan was never mentioned, and no, the Times has no use for ideological politics, and certainly it's not obsessive….."

The Nando Times 11/25/99 Cal Thomas "…..The symbolism and rhetoric in Gov. George W. Bush's foreign policy speech at the Reagan library and in his "Meet the Press" appearance last Sunday were unmistakable. Bush is sending a message that if he is the next president of the United States he will give America the third Reagan term voters thought they were getting when they elected his father president in 1992. A George W. Bush presidency, he signaled, will be Reagan III, not Bush II. First, Bush chose the Reagan library -- not the Ford, Nixon or Bush library -- for his foreign policy address. He was introduced by George Shultz, Reagan's secretary of state, not Nixon's (Henry Kissinger) or Bush's (James Baker). He mentioned Ronald Reagan's name six times and made just one passing reference to his father's successful handling of the Persian Gulf War. On China, Bush was tough. In his speech and on "Meet the Press," Bush pledged he would "help Taiwan defend itself" with a theater missile defense system. And he'll build one "with or without" Russia's approval. "China is rising," said Bush, in an apparent reference to a new book, "Red Dragon Rising," by Capitol Hill staff veterans Ed Timperlake and William Triplett II, which documents in chilling detail the way the Beijing regime is becoming a military threat to the United States…."


AP 1/23/2000 "….Former President Reagan's daughter Maureen says her father cannot speak coherently and, because his motor skills are failing, no longer can join her in working simple jigsaw puzzles. Maureen Reagan said friends sometimes ask the condition of her father, who has Alzheimer's disease. ``My response is, `Not so good.' But it is hard to say that, because he makes it so easy for us,'' she wrote in an essay in Newsweek magazine. ``In other words, it's still him. But his motor skills are going.'' …"

The Washington Times 2/2/2000 Greg Pierce ".... Stephen Moore, an economist with the Cato Institute, gives President Clinton credit "for keeping the expansion moving" into a record-breaking 107th month, but "arguably Bill Clinton's greatest economic achievement has been that almost all of his cockamamie policy ideas were never enacted into law." Mr. Moore, writing in the Feb. 4 issue of Human Events, asks: "Remember the BTU tax? Remember Robert Reich's $50 billion fiscal stimulus package? Remember, most of all, Hillary's health care plan? Thankfully, we dodged all of these economic wrecking balls. "Clinton's ill-advised tax hike in 1993 slowed the economy for about 18 months, but thanks to falling inflation - which is like an offsetting tax cut - and the technology boom, it didn't stall it." Mr. Moore added: "The politician most responsible for laying the groundwork for this prosperous era is not Bill Clinton, but Ronald Reagan. America's economic turnaround started in the early 1980s, a decade before Bill Clinton arrived in Washington....." News 3/3/00 Reuters "…..As Ronald Reagan and his wife Nancy near their 48th wedding anniversary, his motor skills have so deteriorated that he no longer exercises and he cannot recognize videotaped highlights of his political life, according to People Magazine. Former President Gerald Ford, in a separate TV interview, said Reagan, 89, did not recognize him when the two met several months ago. In an article to be published on Friday, People said Reagan appeared to be entering the final phase of Alzheimer's Disease. ……… ``We are afraid he might fall. He walks around the garden and occasionally may try to stand in the pool. The focus of his day is Nancy,'' Hutton said, adding: ``I don't think it will go beyond the year 2000.'' ……."

Washington Times 2/29/00 Arnold Beichman "…… George Orwell has written: "He who controls the past controls the future." Some of the most distinguished American historians are working hard to control the past by proving, to state it simply, that the United States did not win the Cold War. Why? So that when our children and their children study post-World War II history they will never know that the capitalist democracies, led by our country, saved the world from what could have been conquest by a communist totalitarian dictatorship based on Marxist socialist dogmas. And, perhaps even more to the point, they will never know that an overwhelmingly popular two-term president, Ronald Reagan, presided over the slide of the Soviet Union into oblivion. In the modern history of warfare, the Cold War seems to be the only one where victory is in dispute. And it is liberal academic opinion that has created the fiction that nobody won. There is no more Soviet Union, no Berlin Wall, no gulag. Never mind. The United States did not "win" the Cold War, and that's that. Now that's really weird….."

Washington Times 6/16/00 Maureen Reagan "…….The following is an excerpt from "Great Dads: A Celebration of Fatherhood," edited by Jonathan P. Decker. (Adams Media Corporation, Holbrooke, Mass.) When Dad lost the Republican nomination in Kansas City in 1976, I was just devastated. I cried for two days. I just couldn't stop. And every time he saw me during that period he'd say, "Are you still crying?" He was trying his best to cheer me up, but to no avail. As the convention was closing, he pulled me into this meeting room and he told me, "There's a reason for this. I don't know what it is. But there's a reason." And he always believed that. Dad was the eternal optimist. He has always quoted his mother, Nell: "When one door closes, another one opens." Everything happens for a reason……"